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Maria Sophia Quine

technologization and medicalization of the female body as a defective organism and reproductive apparatus in need of remedy and repair. Female fertility and the female body became objects of intense public debate, scientific scrutiny, and medical intervention. The specter of racial sterility, so central to the

Roger Griffin

accumulating that the ‘bonifica’ of Italian society as the precondition of its rebirth involved projects that in some quarters were formulated in the language of racial hygiene and positive eugenics. Maria Quine is the author of major works on 20th century population politics and the emergence of a Fascist

MAHRUKH KHAN

Ambiguous mother-figures dominate the fictional world of J.M Coetzee’s novel Age of Iron. Sterility emerges as a central motif in the novel, corresponding to South Africa’s apartheid history of racial hatred, discrimination, and violence. The struggling motherfigures are a product of the flawed times and emerge as symptomatic of social and cultural crisis. Elizabeth Curren, the novel’s tortured first-person narrator, highlights the racially divided nation as socially, culturally, and morally impeded. Through her “stubborn will to give, to nourish,” she engages in a struggle against the “scavengers of Cape Town”: the “pitiless” heirs of a legacy of hate. Curren comes from a colonial history but seeks to decolonize her mind and voice as she writes a letter to her expatriate daughter, who, absent from the narrative, represents the need for change in values and historical perspective. Her strategic absence, significantly, communicates her incompatibility with the existing public and political discourse, thereby also suggesting an engagement with the future of ethics and aesthetics. While Elizabeth Curren’s inscribed poetic plea for her daughter to return home self-reflexively acknowledges the constraints of a banal medium and provokes its lapses, there is also a need to realize what may as yet be un-semanticized. Elizabeth Curren aspires to redeem herself through the nurturing symbolism embodied in motherhood. Accordingly, and deploying Julia Kristeva’s terminology, the essay argues for a return to a “maternal territory” where the semiotic process (an established communicative code of signs that determines our understanding of reality) is still in its intuitive and instinctual stage and allows Curren to transcend the constraints of her spoken medium. In Curren’s case, the letter serves as a redrawn semantic map, possibly exceeding its established boundaries of signification and meaning.

-Cultural Comparison. Toward a Better Understanding of International Fascism 62–63 Volume 1, No. 2 Articles Mircea Platon: The Iron Guard and the ‘Modern State’. Iron Guard Leaders Vasile Marin and Ion I. Moţa, and the ‘New European Order’ 65–90 Roger Griffin: Introduction to M.S. Quine’s ‘RacialSterility

Paul Weindling

to National Socialism, when the critics formed organisations across Europe. Here we see the Central European critique shaping a wider resistance to biologically based racial programmes. Keywords eugenics, racial hygiene, Darwinism, critics of eugenics, Alfred Ploetz, Friedrich Hertz, Ignaz Zollschan

Patrick Bernhard

–114. 12 Maria Sophia Quine, ‘RacialSterility” and “Hyperfecundity” in Fascist Italy: Biological Politics of Sex and Reproduction,’ Fascism 1 (2012): 92–144, accessed 8 November 2017, doi : 10.1086/599247 . 13 Quine, ‘Racial "Sterility",’ 132. 14 Ibid., 92. 15 A strikingly

D.D. Crary and P.B. Sawin

GENETIC AND PHYSIOLOGICAL BACKGROUND OF REPRODUCTION IN THE RABBIT II. SOME RACIAL DIFFERENCES IN THE PATTERN OF MATERNAL BEHAVIOR1) by P. B. SAWIN and D. D. CRARY (R. B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine) (with 1 fig) (Rec. 15-IX-1953) INTRODUCTION In the rabbit the behavior of

Christian Promitzer

similar debates in Russia. In the wake of Bulgaria’s defeat in the First World War the focus of eugenic thinking shifted from the left to the right wing of the political specter with German racial hygiene as a new landmark. Th e article ends with the Bulgarian health legislation of 1929 which introduced

Calin Cotoi

( Bărbulescu 2015 ). For example, Constantin Istrati was able to create a synthesis centered on the “racial degeneracy” of the “Romanian element” using tropes on degeneration—introduced, strangely enough, by anarchist exiles in Romania—and anti-Semitic arguments focused on the demographic danger posed by

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Julin Everett

postcolonial state, is our tendency, even without uttering the word “postcolonial,” to treat it as a monolithic geo-political signified. As such, every postcolonial or “third world” country becomes the same, distinguished from others only by a crude racial taxonomy. So, while Phil Mickelson is that golfer from