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Michael Josef Marx and Tobias J. Jocham

scientific ink analyses. By means of 14 C measurements, four Qurʾān fragments of vast text size (see Table 6.1) have turned out to be manuscripts of the 7th and the early 8th centuries. Without the radiocarbon dating procedure, the Tübingen manuscript and the Leiden fragment (together with Bibliothèque

Steve Braunheim, Joseph Atwill and Robert Eisenman

need for such tests and were most likely to understand which were the key doc- uments that should be tested. Neither caveat was heeded. 2 G. Bonani, M. Broshi, I. Carmi, S. Ivy, J. Strugnell, and W. Wol fi , “Radiocarbon Dating of the Dead Sea Scrolls”, ÆAtiqot 20 (1991) 127 – 32, and “Radiocarbon

Johannes van der Plicht

RADIOCARBON DATING AND THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS: A COMMENT ON “REDATING” JOHANNES VAN DER PLICHT Center for Isotope Research, Groningen University and Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University Introduction Radiocarbon ( 14 C) dates for the Dead Sea Scrolls have been measured by three independent 14


Eva Mira Youssef-Grob

, the alternative of a more technical approach seems promising. Radiocarbon dating ( 14 C dating) has been used in archaeology for many decades already, but has only in the last few years been expanded more broadly to manuscripts and small artifacts of more recent times. For the study of Early Islamic

Adalgisa Caccone, K. Praveen Karanth, Justin Gerlach, Julian Pender Hume, Eric Palkovacs, Anne Yoder and Scott Glaberman

Amphibia-Reptilia 26 (2005): 116-121 Native Seychelles tortoises or Aldabran imports? The importance of radiocarbon dating for ancient DNA studies K. Praveen Karanth ∗ ,1 , Eric Palkovacs 1 , Justin Gerlach 2 , Scott Glaberman 1 , Julian Pender Hume 3 , Adalgisa Caccone 1,4 , Anne D. Yoder 1

Elena A.A. Garcea, Hong Wang and Louis Chaix

The study area presented in this paper comprises two geographical entities in northern Upper Nubia located between the Second and the Third Cataract of the Nile River: Sai Island and the Amara West district, on the present left bank of the river. Four sites, three at Sai Island and one in the Amara West district, were excavated. They represent three distinct archaeological complexes, named Arkinian, Khartoum Variant, and Abkan, which encompass a long time period from ca. 11,000 to 6000 cal years BP (9000–4000 BC) and range from late foraging to early pastoralism. Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon dating was applied to multiproxy materials in order to provide a frame of reference for this important chronological and economic period in this area. Different types of materials were selected, namely wood charcoal, charcoal tempers in pottery, ostrich eggshell, and aquatic gastropod shells. Twenty-four new AMS radiocarbon dates are presented to (a) cross-check the accuracy and reliability of the chronology of late foraging and early pastoral sites in our study area; (b) integrate, update, and revise the previously available radiometric dates; and (c) reconstruct a comprehensive framework of the chronology of late foraging and early pastoralism in Upper Nubia.


Johannes van der Plicht and Kaare L. Rasmussen

Qurʾān Quotations Preserved on Papyrus Documents, 7th-10th Centuries

And The Problem of Carbon Dating Early Qurʾāns


Edited by Andreas Kaplony and Michael Marx

Qurʾān Quotations Preserved on Papyrus Documents, 7th-10th Centuries is the first book on the Qurʾān’s Sitz im Leben, i.e. on how the Qurʾān was quoted in Arabic original letters, legal deeds, and amulets. Qurʾān Quotations also serves as an in-depth exploration of the radiocarbon dating of documents and Qurʾānic manuscripts.

Contributors: Ursula Bsees; Tobias J. Jocham; Andreas Kaplony; Michael Josef Marx, Daniel Potthast; Leonora Sonego; Eva Mira Youssef-Grob.

Alejandro Valenzuela, Miguel Ángel Cau and Josep Antoni Alcover

chronologies of particular bones. In this study, we report the first direct radiocarbon dating of a bone of E. orbicularis from an archaeological site of the Balearic Islands. This new evidence sheds light on the time of introduction and sets a historical framework around the possible agents and on source of