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Author: Paul Boghossian

1. Overall Argument According to Majid Amini and Christopher Caldwell: Boghossian attempts to argue against the challenge of epistemic relativism in his Fear of Knowledge . The argument, in outline, attacks relativism by connecting it to constructivism and, by showing the untenability of

In: International Journal for the Study of Skepticism
Author: Andrés Tutor

. Moreover, pluralism has often been accused of implying relativism; nevertheless, even though Santayana admits this, his point of view is far from that of a relativistic perspective, which in his own writings appears defined as naïve and self-contradictory. Accordingly, my argument is that Santayana

In: The Life of Reason in an Age of Terrorism

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/156853711X568734 Journal of Cognition and Culture 11 (2011) 151–187 Moral Creationism: The Science of Morality and the Mutiny of Romantic Relativism Omar Sultan Haque* Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

In: Journal of Cognition and Culture
Editor: Dascal
In spite, or perhaps because of, the ongoing cultural, economic, and political uniformization of the world, relativism has risen to the top of the agenda of philosophy and other disciplines. To what extent does cultural diversity affect the activity and the products of philosophizing and of social science? Can there be convergence of worldviews and conceptual frameworks across cultural boundaries? Can there be mutual understanding across them in spite of diversity?
These and other questions prompted by the recent upsurge of relativism are tackled in original essays by philosophers and social scientists. The special focus and interest of the book lies in its attempt to confront North and Latin American perspectives on these issues.
The four parts of the book ( Relativism: transformation or death? A glimpse of variety: Philosophical experiences and worldviews in Latin America; Nature, Culture and Art; and Crossing conceptual frameworks) discuss different, though intertwined, aspects of the challenge of relativism.

The term “relativism” came into vogue with the increasing importance of historicism at the end of the 19th century. It reflects insight into the fact that our theoretical and practical dealings with the world are conditioned historically, culturally, socially, economically, politically, and

In: The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online
Author: Hugo Strandberg

Abstract: Relativism is a term standing for many different positions. The relativist claims that one thing (e.g. truth) is relative to something else (cultures, paradigms, etc.). This claim can be general, and apply to all truths, or be restricted to some sphere. However, what does “relative to

Programs of ethical relativism notoriously face two great difficulties: 1) how can they account for our need to make ethical judgements about other groups and individuals with whom we come into conflict? and 2) how can they allow for us to criticize the group, set of desires, etc. to which our ethical norms are said to be relative?
Integrity and Moral Relativism develops a moderate version of cultural relativism that can answer these questions. After examining and defending the notion of a "world-picture," and of incommensurable differences across world-pictures, the book brings its theoretical framework together with the history of anthropology to argue that a culture is indeed the appropriate expression of a world picture. It then draws on literary, philosophical and historical resources to illustrate the way in which Western society, specifically, contains traditions distinguishing legitimate cross-cultural judgment, and legitimate from illegitimate cultural self-criticism. As long as there is a language for these possibilities, an individual can see ethics as culturally based without compromising his or her integrity.

of Relativism Majid Amini a and Christopher M. Caldwell b , * Virginia State University a) b) Abstract In Fear of Knowledge , Paul Boghossian presents a series of arguments against epistemic relativism and constructivism, doctrines that he considers to have exerted an

In: International Journal for the Study of Skepticism
Author: Michael Krausz

RA: Your name is closely associated with a key concept in philosophy, and that is the concept of relativism. In addition to several essays that you published earlier in your career, you have also edited an authoritative collection on the topic of relativism, that being Relativism: A Contemporary

In: Roots in the Air
At the end of the millennium, the dominant philosophical mood is relativistic. Ideals, opinions, and values are rarely judged in absolute or universal terms. Instead, subjective views are juxtaposed and assessed in relation to one another and none is accepted finally in and for itself but characterized in relation to its whole environment.
In this collection of essays, philosophers of widely divergent views and emphases try to assess the tension between relativism and absolutism in the general domains of philosophy and religion. In the closing section of the book, an extensive article tries to integrate the responses to the whole problem and advance beyond the simple anithesis of the relative and the absolute.