Particularism and Default Valency * S IMON K IRCHIN Philosophy Department University of Kent Canterbury, UK email@example.com In this paper, I concentrate on the notion of default valency, drawing on some of the distinctions made and thoughts given in my Introduction. I motivate why the
Melanie Green and Gabriel Ozón
the following specific research questions within the context of Thomason and Kaufman’s (1988 ) language contact model of pidgin/creole genesis: 1. Do cpe verbs show simplification or complexification in valency and transitivity patterns compared to the corresponding patterns in the lexifier language
To study valency in Arabic, frame semantics may profitably be used as a tool to explain it. Frame semantics is associated with the work of Fillmore (1970, 1982); its central idea is that word meaning is organized around a conceptual frame, including elements that capture the various semantic
Verbal valency (or valence) refers to the number of arguments that are required by the syntax of a particular verb. For instance, if a verb is intransitive and takes only a subject, then it has a valency of one; if it is transitive and takes both a subject and a direct object, it has a valency of
Kitāb Sībawayhi: Interpretation and transmission
Edited by Amal E. Marogy and Kees Versteegh
All contributions deal with the grammatical theories formulated by the first grammarian to write a complete survey of the Arabic language, Sībawayhi (died at the end of the 8th century C.E.). They treat such topics as the use of hadith in grammar, the treatment of Persian loanwords, the expression of modality, conditional clauses, verbal valency, and the syntax of numerals.
Contributors are: Georgine Ayoub, Michael G. Carter, Hanadi Dayyeh, Jean N. Druel, Manuela E.B. Giolfo, Almog Kasher, Giuliano Lancioni, Amal Marogy, Arik Sadan, Beata Sheyhatovitch, Cristina Solimando, and Kees Versteegh.
Valency is the potential of a lexeme (a verb, noun, or adjective) to structure its syntactic environment by defining the number and the form of complements that may occur in a clause or, in the case of a noun or adjective, in a phrase. Valency is a property of every verbal lexeme, while only a
Susanne Maria Michaelis
guetter , bezwen ‘need’ < French ( avoir ) besoin ( de ). However, I will show in this paper that creole languages consistently show valency patterns that cannot be traced back to their lexifier languages, but derive from their substrate languages. Substrate influence in creoles has been discussed by
of characterizing moral particularism to Jonathan Dancy, around whose writings much of the present debate revolves. Keywords: ethics, generalism, particularism, reasons, valency 1. Particularism he debate between moral particularists (hereafter just ‘particularists’) and their opponents
Eitan Grossman and Alena Witzlack-Makarevich
1 Introduction Typological research points to the possibility that phenomena associated with valency and transitivity are prone to contact-induced change in a number of ways. One type of evidence is found in the areal patterning of such phenomena. For example, in the domain of argument marking