Simon Kirchin

Particularism and Default Valency * S IMON K IRCHIN Philosophy Department University of Kent Canterbury, UK s.t.kirchin@kent.ac.uk In this paper, I concentrate on the notion of default valency, drawing on some of the distinctions made and thoughts given in my Introduction. I motivate why the

Melanie Green and Gabriel Ozón

the following specific research questions within the context of Thomason and Kaufman’s (1988 ) language contact model of pidgin/creole genesis: 1. Do cpe verbs show simplification or complexification in valency and transitivity patterns compared to the corresponding patterns in the lexifier language

Zouhair Maalej

To study valency in Arabic, frame semantics may profitably be used as a tool to explain it. Frame semantics is associated with the work of Fillmore (1970, 1982); its central idea is that word meaning is organized around a conceptual frame, including elements that capture the various semantic

Coulter George

Verbal valency (or valence) refers to the number of arguments that are required by the syntax of a particular verb. For instance, if a verb is intransitive and takes only a subject, then it has a valency of one; if it is transitive and takes both a subject and a direct object, it has a valency of

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Barbara McGillivray

In Methods in Latin Computational Linguistics, Barbara McGillivray presents some of the most significant methodological foundations of the emerging field of Latin Computational Linguistics. The reader will find an overview of the computational resources and tools available for Latin and three corpus case studies covering morpho-syntactic and lexical-semantic aspects of Latin verb valency, as well as quantitative diachronic explorations of the argument realization of Latin prefixed verbs. The computational models and the multivariate data analysis techniques employed are explained with a detailed but accessible language. Barbara McGillivray convincingly shows the challenges and opportunities of combining computational methods and historical language data, and contributes to driving the technological change that is affecting Historical Linguistics and the Humanities.

The Foundations of Arabic Linguistics II

Kitāb Sībawayhi: Interpretation and transmission

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Edited by Amal E. Marogy and Kees Versteegh

This second volume on The Foundations of Arabic Linguistics contains contributions from the second conference on Arabic linguistics, hosted by the University of Cambridge in 2012.

All contributions deal with the grammatical theories formulated by the first grammarian to write a complete survey of the Arabic language, Sībawayhi (died at the end of the 8th century C.E.). They treat such topics as the use of hadith in grammar, the treatment of Persian loanwords, the expression of modality, conditional clauses, verbal valency, and the syntax of numerals.

Contributors are: Georgine Ayoub, Michael G. Carter, Hanadi Dayyeh, Jean N. Druel, Manuela E.B. Giolfo, Almog Kasher, Giuliano Lancioni, Amal Marogy, Arik Sadan, Beata Sheyhatovitch, Cristina Solimando, and Kees Versteegh.

Malessa, Michael

Valency is the potential of a lexeme (a verb, noun, or adjective) to structure its syntactic environment by defining the number and the form of complements that may occur in a clause or, in the case of a noun or adjective, in a phrase. Valency is a property of every verbal lexeme, while only a

Susanne Maria Michaelis

guetter , bezwen ‘need’ < French ( avoir ) besoin ( de ). However, I will show in this paper that creole languages consistently show valency patterns that cannot be traced back to their lexifier languages, but derive from their substrate languages. Substrate influence in creoles has been discussed by

Simon Kirchin

of characterizing moral particularism to Jonathan Dancy, around whose writings much of the present debate revolves. Keywords: ethics, generalism, particularism, reasons, valency 1. Particularism he debate between moral particularists (hereafter just ‘particularists’) and their opponents

Eitan Grossman and Alena Witzlack-Makarevich

1 Introduction Typological research points to the possibility that phenomena associated with valency and transitivity are prone to contact-induced change in a number of ways. One type of evidence is found in the areal patterning of such phenomena. For example, in the domain of argument marking