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Le problème de la quantification des formes au Moyen Âge (ca. 1250–1370)
Author: Sylvain Roudaut
How many times does a body under constant acceleration travel in the second half of its motion the distance covered in the first half of it? Is it possible to compare the whiteness of a pearl to that of snow? Is a human being two times, three times or infinitely more perfect than a horse? In the late Middle Ages, these questions were hotly debated in relation to the problem of quantifying forms. This book is about understanding why these questions arose and how some of them contributed to the development of scientific knowledge.

Combien de fois un corps en accélération constante pendant un temps donné parcourt-il dans la seconde moitié de son mouvement la distance traversée durant la première ? Peut-on comparer la blancheur d’une perle à celle de la neige ? L’être humain est-il deux fois, trois fois, ou infiniment plus parfait que le cheval ? À la fin du Moyen Âge, de telles questions furent au centre de vifs débats autour du problème de la quantification des formes. Comprendre pourquoi ces questions se posèrent et comment certaines d’entre elles nous devinrent étrangères, quand d’autres contribuèrent directement au développement du savoir scientifique, est l’objet de cet ouvrage.
Volume 1: Concepts, Perspectives, and the Emergence of Augustinian Identity
The culmination of thirty years of research, Eric Leland Saak’s Augustinian Theology in the Later Middle Ages offers a comprehensive, new interpretation of late medieval Augustinianism. The first of a two-volume work, the present book sets the stage and analyzes the conceptual and methodological structures requisite for interpreting the reception of Augustine in the later Middle Ages historically, together with explicating the first two of the four “pillars” of Augustinian theology: the Augustinian Hermits’ political theology; the teaching in the Order’s schools; the Order’s university theology; and its moral theology. Holistically fused with the Order’s religious identity, these distinct yet interconnected components of Augustinian theology, rather than a narrow, theologically defined anti-Pelagianism, provided the context for the emergence of the Reformation.
The Theology of God’s Power and Its Bearing on the Western Legal Tradition, 1100–1600
With a foreword by Diego Quaglioni

This book attempts to determine the degree to which the modern fate of the Western legal tradition depends on one of the most long-standing debates of the Middle Ages, the distinction between potentia Dei absoluta and ordinata (God’s absolute and ordered power). The mediaeval investigation into God’s attributes was originally concerned with the problem of divine almightiness. It underwent a slow but steady displacement from the territory of theology to the freshly emerging proceedings of legal analysis. Here, based on the distinction, late-mediaeval lawyers worked out a new terminology to define the extent of the power-holder’s authority. This effort would give rise, during the early modern era, to the gradual establishment of the legal-political framework represented by the concepts of the prince and sovereignty.
Volume Editors: Nicolas Drocourt and Sebastian Kolditz
The eighteen chapters of this book explore the complex history of exchange between Byzantium and the Latin West over a period of more than three hundred years, with a focus on the political, ecclesiastical and cultural spheres.

Besides outlining the history of competition and collaboration between two empires in medieval Europe, a range of regional approaches, stretching from England to the Crusader kingdoms, offer insights into the many aspects of Byzantine-Latin contact and exchange. Further sections explore patterns of mutual perception, linguistic and material dimensions of the contacts, as well as the role played by various groups of “cultural brokers” such as ambassadors, merchants, monks and Jewish communities.

Contributors are: Axel Bayer, Saskia Dönitz, Nicolas Drocourt, Leonie Exarchos, Daniel Föller, Christian Gastgeber, Hans-Werner Goetz, Dominik Heher, Klaus Herbers, Christopher Hobbs, David Jacoby, Sebastian Kolditz, Savvas Neocleous, Johannes Pahlitzsch, Annick Peters-Custot, Miriam Salzmann, Jonathan Shepard, Juan Signes Codoñer, and Eleni Tounta.