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Peter Maxwell-Stuart, Steve Murdoch and Leos Müller

The original Latin text of Johan Gröning’s Navigatio libera has never before been translated into any modern vernacular language. Its scope is to set out the position of neutral nations, their right to trade during the wars of the great powers and particularly to engage with and refute the work of Hugo Grotius. Gröning’s work was republished several times throughout the 17th -18th centuries and was used as the legal basis by which Sweden conducted trade with Britain, France and the Dutch Republic (and their spheres of influence) during the Nine Years War (1688-1697). The text thereafter reverberated across the North Sea and Baltic as well as immediately influencing neutral policy in the Mediterranean and Atlantic worlds thereafter.
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Historically, all societies have used comparison to analyze cultural difference through the interaction of religion, power, and translation. When comparison is a self-reflective practice, it can be seen as a form of comparatism. Many scholars are concerned in one way or another with the practice and methods of comparison, and the need for a cognitively robust relativism is an integral part of a mature historical self-placement. This volume looks at how different theories and practices of writing and interpretation have developed at different times in different cultures and reconsiders the specificities of modern comparative approaches within a variety of comparative moments. The idea is to reconsider the specificities, the obstacles, and the possibilities of modern comparative approaches in history and anthropology through a variety of earlier and parallel comparative horizons. Particular attention is given to the exceptional role of Athens and Jerusalem in shaping the Western understanding of cultural difference.
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Pirro Ligorio’s Worlds

Antiquarianism, Classical Erudition and Visual Arts in the Late Renaissance

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The aim of this volume on Pirro Ligorio’s worlds is to create for the first time a dialogue among renowned Ligorio specialists and emerging young scholars on various aspects of the artistic, antiquarian and intellectual production of one of the most fascinating and learned antiquarians in the prestigious entourage of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese. The book intends to step away, once and for all, from the almost Manichean approach that generated a distorted vision of his figure and works, especially trough the complex topic of his forgeries. The investigation of this aspect, that will reveal the necessity of a more nuanced study of this activity, is accompanied by an in-depth analysis of some neglected areas of Ligorio's life.
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Der Papst als Antichrist

Kirchenkritik und Apokalyptik im 13. und frühen 14. Jahrhundert

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Nelly Ficzel

english Der Papst als Antichrist explores the late medieval eschatological framing and the apocalyptic enemy stereotypes, which progressively corroborated the conviction that evil was to take possession of the highest ecclesiastical offices at the end of time. Nelly Ficzel observes a master narrative – established in the aftermath of Joachim of Fiore and first reflected in his spurious works during the 13th century – that heavily effected the paradigms of soteriological alignment: This narrative located the powers of the apocalypse within the Christian community of the Latin West and handed the task of rescuing the Christian message over to an apocalyptic elite which had yet to be defined and would - at the crucial moment - be ready and willing to oppose Rome. german Der Papst als Antichrist untersucht das diskurs- und genreübergreifende eschatologische Framing und die apokalyptischen Feindbilder, die im späten Mittelalter den Verdacht erhärteten, das Böse würde sich am Ende der Zeit der höchsten kirchlichen Ämter bemächtigen. Nelly Ficzel identifiziert eine Meistererzählung, die sich im Anschluss an Joachim von Fiore etablierte und die – angefangen bei den ersten pseudo-joachimischen Werken im 13. Jahrhundert – in die Paradigmen heilsgeschichtlicher Selbstvergewisserung hineinwirkte. Dieses Narrativ verortete die Mächte der Apokalypse innerhalb der Religionsgemeinschaft des lateinischen Westens und legte die Rettung der christlichen Botschaft in die Hände einer noch zu definierenden apokalyptischen Elite, die bereit sein würde, sich im entscheidenden Moment gegen Rom zu wenden.
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Nicodemites

Faith and Concealment between Italy and Tudor England

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M. Anne Overell

In Nicodemites: Faith and Concealment Between Italy and Tudor England, Anne Overell examines a rarely glimpsed aspect of sixteenth-century religious strife: the thinkers, clerics and rulers who concealed their faith. This work goes beyond recent scholarly interest in conformity to probe inward dilemmas and the spiritual and cultural meanings of pretence. Among the dissimulators who appear here are Cardinal Reginald Pole and his circle in Italy and in England, and also John Cheke and William Cecil. Although Protestant and Catholic polemicists condemned all Nicodemites, most of them survived reformation violence, while their habits of silence and secrecy became influential. This study concludes that widespread evasion about religious belief contributed to the erratic development of toleration.

'Anne Overell is an accomplished practitioner of history as a sideways glance, revealing subtleties and contours that others have missed. In doing so, she enriches the story of the Reformation and helps us see its humanity and nuance more vividly and completely.'
Diarmaid MacCulloch
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Nicholas of Cusa and Early Modern Reform sheds new light on Cusanus’ relationship to early modernity by focussing on the reform of church, the reform of theology, the reform of perspective, and the reform of method – which together aim to encompass the breadth and depth of Cusanus’ own reform initiatives. In particular, in examining the way in which he served as inspiration for a wide and diverse array of reform-minded philosophers, ecclesiastics, theologians, and lay scholars in the midst of their struggle for the renewal and restoration of the individual, society, and the world, our volume combines a focus on Cusanus as a paradigmatic thinker with a study of his concrete influence on early modern thought. This volume is aimed at scholars working in the field of late medieval and early modern philosophy, theology, and history of science. As the first Anglophone volume to explore the early modern reception of Cusanus, this work will provide an important complement to a growing number of companions focussing on Cusanus’ life and thought.
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Neo-Latin and the Vernaculars

Bilingual Interactions in the Early Modern Period

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The early modern world was profoundly bilingual: alongside the emerging vernaculars, Latin continued to be pervasively used well into the 18th century. Authors were often active in and conversant with both vernacular and Latin discourses. The language they chose for their writings depended on various factors, be they social, sociolinguist, cultural, or merely aesthetic, and had an impact on how and by whom these texts were received. Due to the increasing interest in Neo-Latin studies, early modern bilingualism has recently been attracting attention. This volumes provides a series of case studies focusing on key aspects of early modern bilingualism, such as language choice, translations/rewritings, and the interferences between vernacular and Neo-Latin discourses.

Contributors are Giacomo Comiati, Ronny Kaiser, Teodoro Katinis, Francesco Lucioli, Giuseppe Marcellino, Marianne Pade, Maxim Rigaud, Florian Schaffenrath, Claudia Schindler, Federica Signoriello, Thomas Velle, Alexander Winkler.
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Natural and Political Conceptions of Community

The Role of the Household Society in Early Modern Jesuit Thought, c.1590–1650

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Christoph Haar

Despite the growing interest in the political, economic, legal and international thought of the late scholastics, the household – communitas oeconomica – has not been subject to scholarly enquiry. This is an oversight because the household, in their thought, was a phenomenon at the intersection of all of the above approaches. Natural and Political Conceptions of Community is about Jesuit political thought viewed through the lens of their theories about the household community. It consequently explores the relationship and overlap between natural communities and political communities and how the Jesuits interpreted these issues in their theoretical works.
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Maarten van Heemskerck’s Rome

Antiquity, Memory, and the Cult of Ruins

Arthur J. Di Furia

This book presents the first sustained study of the stunning drawings of Roman ruins by Haarlem artist Maarten van Heemskerck (1498–1574; in Rome, 1532–ca. 1537). In three parts, Arthur J. Di Furia describes Van Heemskerck’s pre-Roman training, his time in Rome, and his use his ruinscapes for the art he made during his forty-year post-Roman phase.
Building on the methods of his predecessors, Van Heemskerck mastered a dazzling array of methods to portray Rome in compelling fashion. Upon his return home, his Roman drawings sustained him for the duration of his prolific career. Maarten van Heemskerck’s Rome concludes with the first ever catalog to bring together all of Van Heemskerck’s ruin drawings in state-of-the-art digital photography.
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Comme la destinataire des Mémoires du cardinal de Retz, l’époque classique « aime les portraits ». Ils abondent dans les jeux mondains, les récits historiques, les Mémoires, les lettres. Ils occupent également une place importante dans les fictions narratives de la période, et notamment dans les romans. L’ouvrage collectif Les Portraits dans les récits factuels et fictionnels de l’époque classique, édité par Marc Hersant et Catherine Ramond, propose une confrontation systématique de ces deux pratiques d’écriture, une analyse de leurs similitudes et de leurs différences. Sous un angle peu étudié jusqu’à présent, il couvre un large champ de l’écriture du portrait, à partir de nombreux exemples allant de Brantôme à Stendhal.

Like the recipient of the Cardinal de Retz’ Memoirs, the early modern period “loves portraits”. They can be found in social games, historical narratives, Memoirs, and letters. They also occupy an important place in narrative fiction of that period, especially in novels. The collective volume Les Portraits dans les récits factuels et fictionnels de l’époque classique, edited by Marc Hersant and Catherine Ramond, proposes a systematic confrontation of these two writing practices, and an analyses their similarities and differences. From a hitherto little studied angle, the book covers a wide range of examples of portrait writing, from Brantôme to Stendhal.