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Kanišite Hittite

The Earliest Attested Record of Indo-European

Alwin Kloekhorst

In Kanišite Hittite Alwin Kloekhorst discusses the ethno-linguistic make-up of Kaniš (Central Anatolia, modern-day Kültepe), the most important Anatolian mercantile centre during the kārum-period (ca. 1970-1710 BCE), when Assyrian merchants dominated the trade in Anatolia. Especially by analysing the personal names of local individuals attested in Old Assyrian documents from Kaniš, Alwin Kloekhorst demonstrates that the main language spoken there was a dialect of Hittite that was closely related to but nevertheless distinct from the Hittite language as spoken in the later Hittite Kingdom. This book offers a full account of all onomastic material and other linguistic data of Kanišite Hittite, which constitute the oldest attested record of any Indo-European language.
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Edited by Andrea Bartl and Franziska Bergmann

Der Band befasst sich unter Rückgriff auf Ansätze der Material Culture Studies mit der Darstellung von Objektwelten, d.h. einzelnen Dingen oder auch Ding-Ansammlungen, im Werk Thomas Manns.
In jüngster Zeit erfährt die materielle Seite von Kultur großes Interesse in den Geisteswissenschaften, die insbesondere die Frage nach der Welt der Dinge in den Fokus rücken. Obgleich sich in Thomas Manns Texten eine Vielzahl von Objekten finden lässt, denen als Dingmotiven zentrale Bedeutung zukommt, wurde das Werk eines der größten deutschen Erzähler des 20. Jahrhunderts noch nicht unter Rückgriff auf Ansätze der Material Culture Studies untersucht. Diese Forschungslücke schließt der vorliegende Band und eröffnet damit innovative Perspektiven für die Thomas Mann-Forschung.

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The Common Bond of the Sea

Derek Walcott und Joseph Conrad

Kathrin Härtl

„Between us there was, as I have already said somewhere, the bond of the sea“: so schreibt Joseph Conrad, der als Wegbereiter des modernism sowie nostalgischer kolonialistischer Schriftsteller des Empire gilt. Der karibische Nobelpreisträger Derek Walcott greift Conrads „bond of the sea“ auf und refiguriert diese Verbindung.
Kathrin Härtls Monographie ist die erste vergleichende Untersuchung der Beziehung von Joseph Conrad und Derek Walcott und ihrer literarischen Texte. Anhand von drei Denkfiguren und drei Schreibformen untersucht sie die Bündnisse, Verbindungen, Verpflichtungen und Fesseln zwischen Walcott und Conrad. Die intertextuellen Bezüge besiegeln zwar den Bund zwischen den Autoren, doch die Verflechtungen der Texte gehen über diese verbürgten Referenzen hinaus.

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Die Wetterseiten der Literatur

Poetologische Konstellationen und meteorologische Kontexte im 19. Jahrhundert

Dr. Oliver Grill

meteorologische Kontexte im 19. Jahrhundert
Das Wetter wird im 19. Jahrhundert als undurchsichtiges Kräftegemisch beschrieben, das eine nicht kontrollierbare Unordnung, eine nicht kalkulierbare Überkomplexität und eine nicht vorhersehbare Zukunft impliziert.
Oliver Grill arbeitet diese Signatur heraus. Seine Studie erschließt meteorologische Wissenshorizonte und Denkfiguren für die Analyse literarischer Wettertexte – u.a. von Goethe, Büchner, Stifter, Raabe und Fontane. Dabei geht es um existentielle Erfahrungen der Schutzlosigkeit, um die intensive Durchmischung von Wetter- und Gefühlslagen, um die enge Verbindung des Wetters mit Zuständen politisch sozialer Unruhe und um die qua Wetter reflektierten Zukunfts- und Kontingenzerfahrungen der Moderne.

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Secondary Content

The Semantics and Pragmatics of Side Issues

Series:

Edited by Daniel Gutzmann and Katharina Turgay

In addition to expressing some main content, utterances often convey secondary content, which is content that is not their “main point”, but which rather provides side or background information, is less prominent than the main content, and shows distinctive behavior with respect to its role in discourse structure and which discourse moves it licenses. This volume collects original research papers on the semantics and pragmatics of secondary content. By covering a broad variety of linguistic phenomena that convey secondary content – including expressives, various particles, adverbials, pronouns, quotations, and dogwhistle language – the contributions show that secondary content is pervasive throughout different aspects of natural language and provide new insight into the nature of secondary content through new semantic and pragmatic analyses.
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25 Years Berlin Republic

Reflections on / of German Unification (1990-2015)

Edited by Todd Herzog, Tanja Nusser and Richard Schade

Berliner Republik, a collection of essays by an international cadre of scholars, offers a definition of Germany as of 2015 from various perspectives – historiographic, memory, intellectual and societal culture. The conclusions reached vary widely, making for an inclusive and stimulating presentation on the German democracy of the longest duration in all of history.

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Rosa Maria Calcattera

With its emphasis on indeterminacy, ambiguity, uncertainty, and chance, contingentism depicts normativity as one of our human practical possibilities rather than as a metaphysical bottleneck which we should necessary fulfill at the cost of repudiating concrete ways in which we grant epistemic and ethical meaning to our activities. Richard McKay Rorty’s “neo-pragmatism” launched a powerful challenge to entrenched philosophical and pre-philosophical certainties of modernity, allowing us to articulate the powerful picture of normativity as a distinctive exercise and activity of human beings. The book is a critical survey of his philosophy, in the light of various theoretical arguments as well as of his own resourceful attempts to renew philosophy from within its practice by using the conceptual tools and argumentative techniques of both analytic philosophy and pragmatism.
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Azad Mammadov and Misgar Mammadov

Abstract

The goal of this paper is to make an attempt at exploring the concepts of time, space and person, focusing on the nexus between them, with a view to revealing their role in shaping our perception and understanding of the sociological, political, cultural and economic contexts. The paper is also dealing with the issue of how subjective individual factors can influence various discursive practices vis-à-vis time and space. In its theoretical framework, the paper outlines key theoretical issues and concepts by focusing on the role of text, context and discourse in understanding time, space and person. The second part of the paper considers the crucial role of linguistic devices in the localization of time, space and person in political discourse. Finally, the third part explains how linguistic devices (both conventional and figurative) function in building the dynamism of time, space and person in political discourse, focusing on proximization and direction.

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Robin Anderson and Iga Maria Lehman

Abstract

In this paper we set out to consider the place of the English language in globalised communities. The hegemony, which English enjoys, has ramifications for how it is taught, how and why it is learned and how it is used. We argue that there is a need to consider more socio-cultural and individual factors in the learning and use of English as a lingua franca as these factors constitute crucial aids to successful cross-cultural interactions in professional environments. The latest research on lingua franca English (LFE) (Firth & Wagner, 1997; Kramsch, 2002; Larsen-Freeman, 2002; Block, 2003; House, 2003; Canagarajah, 2006a; Lantolf & Thorne, 2006; Atkinson, Churchill, Nishino & Okada, 2007) confirms our position since it reveals what has always been the experience of multilingual speakers, i.e., “Language learning and use succeed through performance strategies, situational resources, and social negotiations in fluid communicative contexts. Proficiency is therefore practice-based, adaptive, and emergent” (Canagarajah, 2007: 923).

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Distinctions in procedural meaning

Evidence from Modern Greek contrast

Valandis Bardzokas

Abstract

The current paper aims to investigate the distinctions in meaning between two prototypical markers of contrast in Modern Greek, i.e. alla and ma, from a relevance-theoretic viewpoint. At first sight, the two markers seem freely interchangeable across contexts, creating the impression that they basically share the same meaning. However, a more careful exploration of the contextual occurrences of these markers unravels their finely grained distinctions in meaning. This type of exploration requires a detailed categorization of the types of context that license or preclude the application of the markers at hand. In this sense, specific contexts highlight aspects of interpretation that motivate the use of one of the markers but not the other. Specifically, as it turns out, while the use of alla is chiefly associated with contexts of procedural elimination, in standard relevance-theoretic terms, the use of ma is justified in relation to expressing the speaker’s attitude of surprise to a contextual assumption constructed by the hearer, in addition to effecting procedural elimination. In this sense, ma proves to encode a dual constraint on the implicitly communicated content of an utterance, explained univocally in procedural terms.