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These lectures deal with the role of cognitive modelling in language-based meaning construction. To make meaning people use a small set of principles which they apply to different types of conceptual characterizations. This yields predictable meaning effects, which, when stably associated with specific grammatical patterns, result in constructions or fixed form-meaning parings. This means that constructional meaning can be described on the basis of the same principles that people use to make inferences. This way of looking at pragmatics and grammar through cognition allows us to relate a broad range of pragmatic and grammatical phenomena, among them argument-structure characterizations, implicational, illocutionary, and discourse structure, and such figures of speech as metaphor, metonymy, hyperbole, and irony.
Editor: Tobias Lachmann
Es gilt die kulturkonstitutiven Potentiale der Zerstreuung zu erforschen, weil sie unser Orientierungswissen in Frage stellen und die ‚Ordnung des Diskurses‘ karnevalistisch subvertieren.

Ausgangspunkt des Bands Ästhetik und Politik der Zerstreuung ist die Annahme, dass die eigentlich produktive Instanz von Kultur ein anonymer Prozess diskursiver Zerstreuung und Zerstreutheit ist, dem als entgegengesetzte Operationen Formen von Sammlung und Konzentration entgegenwirken. Während letztere die Funktionen der Hierarchisierung, Totalisierung und Identifizierung übernehmen, also Ordnung stiften in Bereichen, die eigentlich vom Prinzip der Dispersion gekennzeichnet sind, interessieren sich die Beiträge des vorliegenden Bands für ebenjene Momente kultureller Produktion, in denen das Prinzip der Zerstreuung entfesselt wird, Schlupflöcher findet, Grenzen überwindet und Fluchtlinien eröffnet. Angeregt von Überlegungen der Dortmunder Literatur- und Kulturwissenschaftlerin Ute Gerhard widmen sie sich in exemplarischen Studien den Praktiken, Räumen, Dingen, Diskursen, Subjekten und Subjektivitäten der Zerstreuung und tragen so dazu bei, deren spezifische Ästhetik und Politik genauer zu konturieren.
Author: Alexander Vovin
This is the revised, updated and enlarged second edition of the first detailed descriptive grammar in English (indeed, in any language other than Japanese and more complete than even any grammar in Japanese) dedicated to the Western Old Japanese, which was spoken in the Kansai region of Japan during the seventh and eighth centuries. The grammar is divided into two volumes, with the first volume dealing with sources, script, phonology, lexicon, nominals and adjectives. The second volume focuses on verbs, adverbs, particles, conjunctions and interjections. In addition to descriptive data, the grammar also includes comparisons between Western Old Japanese and Eastern Old Japanese and Ryukyuan, occasionally with a critical analysis of various external parallels.
A Critical Edition, with an English Translation, Based on All the Known Judaeo-Arabic Manuscripts. Cambridge Genizah Studies Series Volume 11
Kitāb al-mustalḥaq is an addendum to the treatises on Hebrew morphology by Ḥayyūǧ, the most classic of the Andalusi works written during the caliphate of Cordoba and the benchmark for studies of the Hebrew language throughout the Arabic-speaking world during the medieval period. Kitāb al-mustalḥaq was composed in Zaragoza by Ibn Ǧanāḥ after the civil war was unleashed in Cordoba in 1013. This new edition includes an historical introduction, taking account of the major contributions from the twentieth century to the present day, a description of the methodology and contents of this treatise, a description of the manuscripts, and a glossary of terminology. This new edition shows how Ibn Ǧanāḥ updated his book until the end of his life.
Author: Ariel Cohen
Some sentences contain no overt quantifier, yet are interpreted quantificationally, e.g., Plumbers are available (entailing that some plumbers are available), or Plumbers are intelligent (whose entailment is less clear, but seems to be saying that a large number of plumbers are intelligent). Where does the quantifier come from? In this book, Ariel Cohen makes the novel proposal that the quantifier is not simply an empty category, but is generated by reinterpretations mechanisms, which are governed by well specified principles. He demonstrates how the puzzling and sometimes mysterious properties of such sentences can be naturally derived from the reinterpretation mechanisms that generate them. The resulting picture has substantial implications that language contains hidden elements, underlying its surface structure.
Die Beiträge des Bandes verstehen „Krise“ als einen zentralen Bestandteil kultureller und gesellschaftlicher Institutionen – und gleichermaßen als Ursprung und Effekt von Erzählungen: Einerseits müssen Krisenphänomene narrativ hergestellt, medien-, gattungs- und disziplinspezifisch in Szene gesetzt werden, andererseits dient die Kulturtechnik des Erzählens – nicht nur im engeren Sinne einer talking cure – der Überwindung von und dem Lernen aus Krisen. Dabei stellen Krisen in Erzählprozessen als Ereignis meist den Zeitpunkt unmittelbar vor einem Wendepunkt dar: Krisen erfordern Entscheidungen.
Proceedings of the Seventeenth International Congress of Neo-Latin Studies (Albacete 2018)
Every third year, the members of the International Association for Neo-Latin Studies (IANLS) assemble for a week-long conference. Over the years, this event has evolved into the largest single conference in the field of Neo-Latin studies. The papers presented at these conferences offer, then, a general overview of the current status of Neo-Latin research; its current trends, popular topics, and methodologies. In 2018, the members of IANLS gathered for a conference in Albacete (Spain) on the theme of “Humanity and Nature: Arts and Sciences in Neo-Latin Literature”. This volume presents the conference’s papers which were submitted after the event and which have undergone a peer-review process. The papers deal with a broad range of fields, including literature, history, philology, and religious studies.

Abstract

En las Centurias, Amato Lusitano recoge su experiencia profesional. Una de las enfermedades que aparece retratada es la entonces conocida como morbo gálico. Estudiar cómo Amato Lusitano aborda esta enfermedad en las distintas curationes, a qué pacientes trata y con qué medicamentos y recomendaciones, permite adentrarse en su modo general de componer el relato patográfico. Además, dada la ‘novedad’ que en la medicina del siglo XVI supone la enfermedad, el comportamiento de Amato permite ver cómo se refleja en su obra la polémica contemporánea y su vinculación con las autoridades médicas o su preferencia por la experientia como fuente de autoridad.

In: Acta Conventus Neo-Latini Albasitensis

Abstract

La valoración desde el punto de vista de la crítica textual de los testimonios que transmiten la traducción latina de la Política de Leonardo Bruni es todavía una tarea pendiente de la filología latina humanística. Tras el estudio del comportamiento de diecisiete testimonios (diez manuscritos y siete ediciones impresas) de dicha obra mediante la comparación de unos pasajes significativos, es posible establecer un primer grupo de manuscritos, bastante homogéneo tanto en lo que respecta al estado del texto que transmiten como a sus características físicas, creados para el estudio académico (entre ellos están F3, M2, Ma, Mc; y también M1, aunque éste presenta especificidades propias); y un segundo grupo, formado por ejemplares de lujo, cuyo texto transmitido resulta más heterogéneo (P, F4, V1 y V2). Un papel crucial en la transmisión parece jugar el manuscrito F1 (Florencia, BML, MS Plut. 89 sup. 54), pues en él se observan lecturas dobles que definen esos dos grupos descritos. En cuanto a las ediciones impresas, estas presentan igualmente un estado del texto muy variado; no obstante, puede seguirse una línea de transmisión que parte de la edición de Valencia por Lambert Palmart en 1473 (v) y pasa por la “revolucionaria” recensión de Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples, impresa en París por Henri Estienne en 1506 (pfs), hasta llegar a las ediciones basilienses de Johann Oporin en 1538 y 1542 (o1 y o2 respectivamente).

In: Acta Conventus Neo-Latini Albasitensis

Abstract

Western Europeans (fifteenth–sixteenth century) travelled to Southeastern Greece and the Mediterranean by land or sea for various purposes, such us commerce, pilgrimage to the Holy Land or diplomatic missions. Erudite Italian humanists interested in antiquity toured the Greek islands and partly explored continental Greece. They recorded their journeys in the early travelogues. Travellers with a certain theoretical baggage recount the historical past, drawing upon Greek and Latin literature, as well as their personal experiences from their travels. The present paper focuses on the perception of nature and people, as presented in three different types of literary genres: an isolario, a diary and a narrative poem. Cristoforo Buondelmonti in his isolario Liber insularum archipelagi (1420), Ciriaco d’ Ancona in his Diaries from his early and later travels (1400–45), and Hugo Favolius in his epic poem Hodoeporici Byzantini libri III (1563) enrich their reminiscences of the classical past with representations of Greek nature and comments upon the people they encounter. This article aims to explore the varied approaches of the writers and the aspects of Greek nature and the local people, which are enhanced in their travel accounts.

In: Acta Conventus Neo-Latini Albasitensis