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Rights to their traditional lands and resources are essential to the survival of indigenous peoples. They have been formulated and advanced in the most progressive way by the Inter-American system of human rights protection.

In this book, Mariana Monteiro de Matos analyzes, in detailed and comprehensive inquiry, the pertinent jurisprudence of the Inter-American Commission and Court of Human Rights. She identifies three distinct waves of decision regarding the objects of ownership or possession, the rights associated, and the holders of the rights. Originally, the book also offers a profound analysis of corollary procedural law.
Contribution to Pollution Prevention of Transboundary Water Resources
Author: Komlan Sangbana

Abstract

This article focuses on the impact of the ban of international trade of the ivory of the African elephant under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. This species is overpopulated in some countries and threatened in other countries. Overall, its current population and the level of decline suggest a species that is endangered. The population disparities have created misunderstandings in terms of how to address the issues. Controversy has surrounded the two instances of legal sales of ivory, and the continuing ban on ivory trade from 1989 has contributed to animosity between pro-ban Western ‘conservationists’ and anti-ban African countries, with accusations of ‘ecological imperialism’ being levelled at some of the protagonists. The article observes that the vast global ivory market has largely been sustained by countries that have failed to effectively enact laws and/or enforce them, as well as failing to deal with corruption and illegal markets within their jurisdictions. It is argued that identifying such culprit countries and their role in promoting elephant poaching and ivory trade, and identifying the reasons behind the poaching and illegal trade, is crucial in reducing the incidence of poaching. The article argues that with a better understanding of the illegal trade, CITES can take deliberate steps to assist countries involved in the ivory trade where they need that support.

In: Chinese Journal of Environmental Law
In: Chinese Journal of Environmental Law

Abstract

Over the years, the overall quality of the environment in Rivers State, in the Niger Delta of Nigeria, has taken a significant downturn, which has attracted both national and international attention. This situation, among other things, raises questions about the quality of environmental laws and institutions in the state, with respect to their capacity to promote environmental sustainability. This article seeks to unravel this question. The analysis, with specific reference to certain standards, broadly reveals that on the whole, the current status and quality of environmental laws and institutions in Rivers State are largely incapable of ensuring environmental sustainability in the state, in terms of securing a healthy environment conducive to human wellbeing and development. Against this backdrop, recommendations are made regarding extensive law review/revision, the faithful implementation of improved laws, and the proper allocation and employment of adequate material and human resources with a view to strengthening the environmental regulatory system of Rivers State.

In: Chinese Journal of Environmental Law