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Edited by Abdulqawi A. Yusuf

Founded in 1993, the African Yearbook, now published under the auspices of the African Foundation for International Law, is the only scholarly publication devoted exclusively to the study, development, dissemination and wider appreciation of international law in Africa as a whole.

Through the study and analysis of emerging legal issues of particular relevance to Africa, such as the creation of viable continental institutions capable of promoting unity and security for the peoples of the continent, the effective protection of human rights, the need for accountability for mass killings and massive violations of the rule of law, the promotion of a rule-based democratic culture, the role of African countries in a globalizing world economy and in international trade relations, the Yearbook strives to be responsive to the intellectual needs of African countries in the area of international law, and to the continuing struggle for creating an environment conducive to the rule of law throughout the continent
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Edited by Helen Yitah and Helen Lauer

Philosophical Foundations of the African Humanities through Postcolonial Perspectives critiques recent claims that the humanities, especially in public universities in poor countries, have lost their significance, defining missions, methods and standards due to the pressure of to justify their existence. The predominant responses to these claims have been that the humanities are relevant for creating a “world culture” to address the world’s problems. This book argues that behind such arguments lies a false neutrality constructed to deny the values intrinsic to marginalized cultures and peoples and to justify their perceived inferiority. These essays by scholars in postcolonial studies critique these false claims about the humanities through critical analyses of alterity, difference, and how the Other is perceived, defined and subdued. Contributors: Gordon S.K. Adika, Kofi N. Awoonor, E. John Collins, Kari Dako, Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu, James Gibbs, Helen Lauer, Bernth Lindfors, J.H. Kwabena Nketia, Abena Oduro, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Olúfémi Táíwò, Alexis B. Tengan, Kwasi Wiredu, Francis Nii-Yartey
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Christopher E. Bailey

This book examines the existing counter-terrorism laws and practices in the six-member East African Community (EAC) as it applies to a range of law enforcement and military activities under various international legal obligations. Dr. Christopher E. Bailey provides a comparative examination of existing national law for EAC countries, including compliance with obligations under international human rights and international humanitarian law, and offers a range of legal reform recommendations. This book addresses two primary, related research questions: To what extent do the current national counter-terrorism laws and practices of the EAC Partner States comply with existing international human rights safeguards? What laws or practices can the EAC adopt to achieve better compliance with human rights safeguards in both civilian and military counter-terrorism operations?
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Edited by Sebastian Günther and Dorothee Pielow

Die Geheimnisse der oberen und der unteren Welt ( The Secrets of the Upper and the Lower World) is a substantial new collection of essays on magic in Islamic cultural history. Both comprehensive and innovative in its approach, this book offers fresh insights into an important yet still understudied area of Islamic intellectual history. The seventeen chapters deal with key aspects of Islamic magic, including its historical developments, geographical variants, and modern-day practices. The general introduction identifies and problematizes numerous sub-topics and key practitioners/theoreticians in the Arabo-Islamic context. This, along with terminological and bibliographical appendices, makes the volume an unparalleled reference work for both specialists and a broader readership. Contributors: Ursula Bsees, Johann Christoph Bürgel, Susanne Enderwitz, Hans Daiber; Sebastian Günther, Mahmoud Haggag, Maher Jarrar, Anke Joisten-Pruschke, Fabian Käs, Ulrich Marzolph, Christian Mauder, Tobias Nünlist, Khanna Omarkhali, Eva Orthmann, Bernd-Christian Otto, Dorothee Pielow, Lutz Richter-Bernburg, Johanna Schott & Johannes Thomann.
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Estado, riqueza e criminosos

Nota introdutória por Michel Cahen e Isabel Raposo

Christian Geffray†

Resumo

Apresenta-se uma reflexão sobre a criminalização das atividades dos representantes dos Estados, que resulta de um estudo de casos (o narcotráfico num Estado da Amazônia brasileira). Distingue-se duas fontes de rendas ilegais – as atividades criminais e o desfalque de fundos ou serviços públicos –, cuja captação supõe o recurso com dois princípios genéricos de corrupção, a neutralização e o abuso de poder do Estado. Devem ser distinguidas duas formas não mercantis de colocação em circulação da riqueza: os manás dos clientes (legais ou ilegais) e as quotas de direito de cidadãos. A reflexão sobre o Estado e a sua corrupção não parece por ser levado de forma satisfatória, a não ser que se percebe (como para qualquer instituição) de que forma é garantido o ideal que comenda e legitima a sua existência social. Tratando-se do Estado, este ideal é o bem público.

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Christine Messiant†

Resumo

O surgimento, em 1996, da Fundação Eduardo dos Santos é resultado de um processo de privatização do Estado angolano. No entanto, a FESA também faz parte de uma estratégia presidencial que procura responder a múltiplos desafios: a não resolução do conflito armado, a exacerbação das rivalidades no seio do poder e a gravidade da crise social em virtude do esforço de guerra, da predação e da corrupção.

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Paulo de Medeiros

Abstract

Lusophony is a neo-colonial concept that only emerges once the Empire is irrevocably dissolved. Whereas Lusophony cannot escape its neo-colonial entanglements, Lusotopy, on the contrary, strives precisely not only to go beyond, but against them. This article reflects on the ways in which literature, film, or ‘tuga’ hip-hop music, strive to advance transnational forms of resistance to unending and ever renewed kinds of oppression. Focusing on Lusotopy one can hope to work towards constructing a different future that builds on all the riches and all the wounds, many not yet healed, of the intersections derived from Portuguese colonialism.

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João de Pina-Cabral

Resumo

O nosso mundo contemporâneo é global no sentido de que se tornou um espaço indiviso de intercomunicação humana – uma ecumene, no sentido de uma rede de redes. Dentro deste vasto espaço, porém, é possível identificar zonas no interior das quais a intercomunicação ocorre com mais densidade. Esta noção não tem recebido a atenção analítica que merece – tal como sugeriu Sidney Mintz, quando propôs que o Caríbe fosse concebido como uma ecumene. Também Tolkien, na sua escrita ficcional, atribuiu especial peso à noção, recorrendo à expressão “a terra do meio”. O presente ensaio sustem que a partilha de um passado histórico comum funciona como um catalisador para a amicitia quer dizer, a familiariedade que resulta de viver num mundo comum. Nesse sentido, o ensaio propõe que o espaço/tempo que origina da expansão histórica dos portugueses (a lusotopia) deva ser concebido como uma “terra do meio”, onde a proximidade e a distância, a amizade e o conflito se mobilizam com especial intensidade.

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Michel Cahen and Irène Dos Santos

Abstract

The introduction of this issue goes back over the history of the creation of the Lusotopie journal. It also questions the scope of the concept of lusotopy in the social sciences. The intellectual project of the journal, published from 1994 onwards, was complex and ambitious. Lusotopie is not a review of “cultural-area” studies, but a generalist review of political analysis, in the broadest sense, from an empirically-delimited research field: that of the area drawn by Portuguese history and colonization. It was both to escape the contemporary neo-imperial approach of “Lusophony” and to overcome the simply negative criticism of the ideology of Lusophony (in its literary, political and economic aspects), which as such does not provide a tool for understanding the realities produced by history.

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António Pinto Ribeiro

Resumo

O termo lusofonia tem sido aceite e até proclamado como estratégia de entendimento entre as comunidades de Portugal e dos PALOPs como um facto inquestionável. Para que tal aconteça o termo tem sido mascarado como sendo uma emanação do português como língua oficial destes países. No entanto isto é uma falácia. A sustentar este termo está a ideia de que todas as culturas dos PALOPs se inspiram na matriz de uma cultura portuguesa essencialista associada ao luso-tropicalismo teorizado por Gilberto Freyre. Conclui-se que a lusofonia na verdade é uma forma de neo-colonialismo de Portugal ao qual não são indiferentes os vários interesses dos negócios entre as elites destes países.