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Tineidae II

(Myrmecozelinae, Perissomasticinae, Tineinae, Hieroxestinae, Teichobiinae and Stathmopolitinae)

Reinhard Gaedike

This second volume on Tineidae treats the subfamilies Myrmecozelinae, Perissomasticinae, Tineinae, Hieroxestinae, Teichobiinae and Stathmopolitinae of Europe. It presents information for the identification of 103 species of tineid moths. Information is added on the life history and distribution of each species. The distribution data are summarized in a table showing the records for each European country. 23 scientific names are synonymized and two taxa previously regarded as synonyms have proved to represent valid species.
Additional records are listed for species treated in volume 7, as well as two taxa which were overlooked before and nine new species are listed.
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Dan A. Polhemus and Rodrigo Lopes Ferreira

Two new genera of cavernicolous Hydrometridae are described from limestone caves in northeastern Brazil: Spelaeometra n. gen., with type species S. gruta n. sp., from the Lapa D’Água do Zezé, Lapa do Nestor, Lapa do Saco Velho, and Lapa do Caboclo caves in Minas Gerais state; and Cephalometra n. gen., with type species C. pallida n. sp., from the Natividade cave in Tocantins state. Both new taxa are flightless, possess reduced eyes, and exhibit other reductional character states linked to life in underground ecosystems. The new taxa are interpreted to be highly aberrant members of the family Hydrometridae, based on the possession of eyes set well forward on the head capsule, the posterior pair of cephalic trichobothria arising from distinct tubercles, the presence of an apical invagination on the fourth antennal segment, and the structure of the male parameres. They are provisionally placed in the subfamily Hydrometrinae based on the apical articulation between the first and second antennal segments. On the basis of a preponderance of shared apomorphic character states these new genera appear most closely allied to Veliometra schuhi Andersen, which is also endemic to Brazil, although currently placed in a different subfamily. Color habitus photographs and line drawings of key characters are provided for both new taxa, accompanied by maps and photographs of the caves in which the species occur.

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Tomohide Yasunaga

The fauna of the Asian mirine plant bug genus Cheilocapsus Kirkaldy, 1902 (Mirinae: Mirini) in the Japanese Ryukyu islands and Taiwan is updated, based mainly on new morphological features. Four species are now recognized, with descriptions of two new species, Cheilocapsus maius sp. n. (from Taiwan) and C. martius sp. n. (Ishigaki and Iriomote Islands of the Ryukyus). An annotated checklist including all known congeners and a key to the four species are provided. The phylogenetic relationship between Cheilocapsus and Pantilius Curtis is argued on the basis of their detailed structures and zoogeographical distribution pattern.

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Siep Sinnema and Jannie Sinnema-Bloemen

The caudiferaria-, phantasmah- and pardata-group of the genus Cyphura Warren, 1902 (Lepidoptera: Uraniidae) are revised. Eight new species are described. There are six new species in the caudiferaria-group: Cyphura angusta, C. continua, C. dilatata, C. interrupta, C. laeensis and C. tobeloensis. In this group, a holotype is identified for Srophidia clarissima Butler, 1879 and a lectotype is designated for Urapteroides latimarginata Swinhoe, 1902. In the phantasmah-group, two new species are described: C. astrolabensis and C. mastrigti. In this group a lectotype and paralectotypes are designated for Strophidia phantasmah Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875. In the pardata-group, a lectotype and paralectotypes are designated for Cyphura pardata Warren, 1906.

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Bernhard Johannes van Vondel and Sujit Kumar Ghosh

Three of the Haliplus species described by Vazirani are traced in the collection of the Zoological Survey of India in Kolkata and redescribed. Haliplus manipurensis is synonymized with H. angustifrons.

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Herman de Jong

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Field Guide to the Birds of Suriname

Revised and Updated Second Edition

Series:

Arie L. Spaans, Otte H. Ottema and Jan Hein J.M. Ribot

Suriname, located on the Atlantic coast of northeastern South America, is a relatively small country compared to most other South American countries. It nevertheless has a rich avifauna. By the end of 2017, 751 species (including 765 subspecies) were known to occur in Suriname. Most of the land area of Suriname is still covered with tropical rainforest and the country should be a must-visit for birdwatchers. Suriname is even mentioned as being the best country to spot certain neotropical species. Surprisingly, few birders visit Suriname. The main reason given is the lack of a handy pocket guide that can easily be carried in a backpack. This (revised and updated) edition of the Field Guide to the Birds of Suriname (with its 109 color plates) tries to fill this gap. In addition to species accounts, data on topography, climate, geology, geomorphology, biogeography, avifauna composition, conservation, and hotspots for bird watching are given. So, why delay your trip to this beautiful and friendly country any longer? Suriname with its rich avifauna awaits you!
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Fernando Martinez-Freiria, Marcial Lorenzo and Miguel Lizana

Abstract

Zamenis scalaris is a generalist active forager Mediterranean snake for which knowledge on spatial ecology is very limited. We report insights into the spatial and temporal patterns, and habitat use of four snakes, obtained through one-year radio-tracking monitoring in a citrus orchard landscape, in Eastern Iberia. Snakes showed a highly secretive behaviour, remaining hidden most of the annual cycle (>96% of records). Annual home ranges and movements were reduced in contrast to the expected energetic requirements of the species. Despite a similar pattern of non-activity during winter and a subsequent increase of movement rate and home range size in spring, each snake adopted a distinct spatial behaviour in summer and autumn. Abandoned citrus orchards and accessory constructions were the most frequent habitats selected by snakes, offering abundant prey and shelter. These resources are likely playing a crucial role in the spatial ecology of Z. scalaris.

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Jéssica S. Kloh, Cleber C. Figueredo and Paula C. Eterovick

Abstract

Tadpole diet is likely to vary in response to environmental conditions and nutritional needs throughout growth and development. We investigated seasonal variation in diet composition of Bokermannohyla saxicola tadpoles and compared diets between two developmental stages with a significant difference in size. We found that the diet of B. saxicola tadpoles was dominated by periphytic algae, in accordance with their benthic habits. Considering number of cells ingested, tadpole trophic niches were broader in more advanced developmental stages. Tadpole trophic niches were narrower during the summer (wet season) than during the winter (dry season), which may reflect increased consumption of more energetic food items during the warm period when primary productivity is expected to be higher. Tadpole metabolism is likely to be higher in the summer and increased energetic needs might be supplied in this manner. However, results differed when biovolume was considered instead of number of cells ingested, with larger items assuming a greater importance and niches being usually larger in the summer. In these cases, the increased ingestion of diatoms (likely to be more nutritive) in the summer may decrease the relative importance of large algae (e.g., Mougeotia sp.) that form the bulk of the diet. Both food availability/accessibility and tadpole feeding behaviour driven by nutritional needs may influence patterns of food acquisition. Given the importance of biofilms to tadpole diet, studies on the mechanisms by which tadpole nutritional needs and environmental conditions interact are likely to provide important insights into the dynamics of aquatic food webs.

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Chris Broeckhoven and Anton du Plessis

Abstract

Herpetological research, like any other (palaeo)biological science, relies heavily on accurate data collection, particularly visualisation and quantification of anatomical features. While several high-resolution imaging methods are currently available, one technique in particular, x-ray microtomography or micro-computed tomography, is on the verge of revolutionising our understanding of the morphology of amphibians and reptiles. Here, we present a review on the prevalence and trends of x-ray microtomography in herpetological studies carried out over the last two decades. We describe its current use, provide practical guidelines for future research that focusses on the morphological study of reptiles and amphibians, and highlight emerging trends including soft-tissue and in vivo scanning. Furthermore, while x-ray microtomography is a rapidly evolving field with great potential, various important drawbacks are associated with its use, including sample size effect and measurement errors resulting from differences in spatial resolution and preparation techniques. By providing recommendations to overcome these hurdles, we ultimately aim to maximise the benefits of x-ray microtomography to herpetological research.