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Author: Dirk Hartmann
Immanuel Kants Bewunderung des „bestirnten Himmels“ über ihm und des „moralischen Gesetzes“ in ihm ist heute zum philosophischen Topos geworden.
Während das „moralische Gesetz“ Gegenstand der praktischen Philosophie ist, verweist Kant für die Hauptaufgabe der theoretischen Philosophie – nämlich die Beantwortung der Frage „Was kann ich wissen?“– auf einen Gegenstand der Astronomie: Wir deuten auf einen leuchtenden Punkt am Himmel und die Wissenschaft sagt uns dazu, dass es sich dabei um einen Körper der und der Größe, Masse, Entfernung, Geschwindigkeit und Temperatur handelt, der aus diesen und jenen chemischen Elementen besteht. Wie können wir das wissen? Band III nimmt diese Frage in Angriff – und zwar in Verallgemeinerung auf die „harten“ Naturwissenschaften Physik, Chemie und Kosmologie. Dabei werden spezifische Fragen in den Blick genommen, die seit jeher in der interessierten Öffentlichkeit und auch unter Physikern selbst im weitesten Sinne als „philosophisch“ gelten: „Was ist Gleichzeitigkeit an verschiedenen Orten?“, „Welche Deutung der Quantenmechanik ist die korrekte und was folgt daraus für unser Weltbild?“, „Was folgt für unsere Welt aus der Entropiezunahme gemäß dem zweiten Hauptsatz der Thermodynamik?“ – und nicht zuletzt: „Existierte das Universum von Ewigkeit her oder hat es einen Anfang (und ein Ende)?“
The Anthology of the Works of Ugo Spirito captures the trajectory of Ugo Spirito’s complex body of thought that spanned more than fifty years, from 1921 to 1977. While confronting difficult contemporary problems related to philosophy and science, liberalism and socialism, fascism and communism, and other economic and ideological aspects such as corporativism and democracy, Spirito revealed a persistent desire to reach truth and the absolute. Yet, he also voiced his failure to remain faithful to any philosophical or political system considered definitive and unquestionable. Unable to reach incontrovertibility, he consistently dissected the prevailing contemporary ideas and systems, including his own beliefs, developing at the same time the ‘antinomic’ approach, a method of critical analysis that undermined any truth reputed irrefutable. Today, Spirito stands as one of most anti-conformist Italian thinkers for he challenged the certainties of modern thought.
Coenraad Jacob Temminck and the Emergence of Systematics (1800–1850) is the first study to examine in detail the life and work of Coenraad Jacob Temminck (1778–1858), the Dutch naturalist who was the first director of ’s Rijks Museum van Natuurlijke Historie (National Museum of Natural History) in Leiden, The Netherlands. This study situates Temminck’s activities in the context of European natural history during the early to the mid-nineteenth century. Three issues which defined the era are discussed in more detail: the growing European colonial territories, the rise of scientific meritocracy, and the emergence of systematics as a discipline. Temminck’s biography elucidates how and why systematics developed, and why its status within the natural sciences has been a matter of discussion for more than a century.
Hegels Wissenschaft der Logik als Paradigma moderner Subjektivität
Volume Editors: Folko Zander and Klaus Vieweg
Die Wissenschaft der Logik kann ohne Zweifel als das Hauptwerk Hegels mit epochemachender Bedeutung gelten. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes machen deutlich, dass es sich um eine moderne Logik handelt, die gegen das Märchen vom sogenannten ‚nachmetaphysischen‘ Zeitalter eine die vormalige Metaphysik aufhebende neue Metaphysik bietet und damit eine revolutionäre Zäsur in der Philosophiegeschichte darstellt. Es wird nachgewiesen, dass Hegels Logik ein sich schlüssig entfaltendes System der Bestimmungen des reinen Denkens und mit dem Verständnis des Begriffs als Freien das Paradigma moderner Subjektivität liefert – im klaren Unterschied zu den im Formalismus erstarrten Kalkülen und der toten Rechenmaschinerien analytischer Logiken.
The Science of Logic can undoubtedly be considered Hegel's major work of epoch-making significance. The contributions of this volume make it clear that it is a modern logic which, against the fairy tale of the so-called 'post-metaphysical' age, offers a new metaphysics which sublates the former metaphysics and thus represents a revolutionary break in the history of philosophy. It is demonstrated that Hegel's logic provides a coherently unfolding system of the determinations of pure thought and, with the understanding of the concept as free, the paradigm of modern subjectivity - in clear contrast to the calculi ossified in formalism and the dead calculating machinery of analytic logics.
Interdisciplinary Reflections
Editor: Jan G. Michel
Scientific progress depends crucially on scientific discoveries. Yet the topic of scientific discoveries has not been central to debate in the philosophy of science. This book aims to remedy this shortcoming. Based on a broad reading of the term “science” (similar to the German term “Wissenschaft ”), the book convenes experts from different disciplines who reflect upon several intertwined questions connected to the topic of making scientific discoveries.
Among these questions are the following: What are the preconditions for making scientific discoveries? What is it that we (have to) do when we make discoveries in science? What are the objects of scientific discoveries, how do we name them, and how do scientific names function? Do dis-coveries in, say, physics and biology, share an underlying structure, or do they differ from each other in crucial ways? Are other fields such as theology and environmental studies loci of scientific discovery? What is the purpose of making scientific discoveries? Explaining nature or reality? Increasing scientific knowledge? Finding new truths? If so, how can we account for instructive blunders and serendipities in science?
In the light of the above, the following is an encompassing question of the book: What does it mean to make a discovery in science, and how can scientific discoveries be distinguished from non-scientific discoveries?
Author: Zhaoyuan WAN
WAN Zhaoyuan analyses how Chinese intellectuals conceived of the relationship between ‘science’ and ‘religion’ through in-depth examination of the writings of Kang Youwei, a prominent political reformer and radical Confucian thinker, often referred to by his disciples as the ‘Martin Luther of Confucianism’.
Confronted with the rise of scientism and challenged by the Conflict Thesis during his life among adversarial Chinese New Culture intellectuals, Kang maintains a holistic yet evolving conception of a compatible and complementary relationship between scientific knowledge and ‘true religion’ exemplified by his Confucian religion ( kongjiao). This close analysis of Kang’s ideas contributes to a richer understanding of the history of science and religion in China and in a more global context.
Philosophy, Literature, Culture
Editor: Michael Marder
The goal of the Critical Plant Studies is to initiate an interdisciplinary dialogue, whereby philosophy and literature would learn from each other to think about, imagine, and describe, vegetal life with critical awareness, conceptual rigor, and ethical sensitivity. Literary works featuring plant imagery may be analyzed with reference to philosophical frameworks, while philosophical discussions of the meanings of vegetal life may be enriched and supported with the tools of literary criticism. Another dialogic dimension of the series entails a sustained engagement between Western and non-Western philosophies and religious traditions, representative of the human attitudes to plants. This “cross-pollination” of different fields of knowledge and experience will become possible thanks to the fundamental role plants play in human life, regardless of their backgrounding or neglect.
Ethically stated, the aim of the book series is to encourage an incremental shift of cultural attitudes from a purely instrumental to a respectful approach to vegetal beings. This is particularly important at the current time of the global environmental crisis, when massive de-forestation, seed patenting, and profit-driven agriculture threaten the very future of life on the planet. Not only will works included in the series shed light on the being of plants, but they will also assist us in critically thinking through the crucial issues and challenges of the contemporary world. Bioethics and genetic engineering, of which plants were the first examples; the role of spirituality and holism in the techno-scientific age; the reliance of our imagination and creativity on elements of the “natural” world; global food shortages and sustainable agricultural practices; the roots of our thinking and writing in other-than-human, vegetal processes, such as growth and decay, germination and branching out, fecundation and fruition—books included in Critical Plant Studies will, in one way or another, touch upon these and related themes central to the philosophy, literature, and culture of the twenty-first century.
Thus, we are looking to publish a mix of specialized manuscripts and introductory texts on the theory, literary criticism, and religious or aesthetic appreciation of plant life. Each title in the series will combine at least two of the disciplines listed above, with preference given to cutting-edge methodologies in comparative literature, comparative philosophy, comparative religious studies, etc., and trans-disciplinary approaches. Analyses of plant-related writings and artworks from any historical period and geographical area will be welcome.

The series has published an average of 0,5 volumes per year since 2013.
Author: Doru Costache
In this volume, Costache endeavours to map the world as it was understood and experienced by the early Christians. Progressing from initial fears, they came to adopt a more positive view of the world through successive shifts of perception.
This did not happen overnight. Tracing these shifts, Costache considers the world of the early Christians through an interdisciplinary lens, revealing its meaningful complexity. He demonstrates that the early Christian worldview developed at the nexus of several perspectives. What facilitated this process was above all the experience of contemplating nature. When accompanied by genuine personal transformation, natural contemplation fostered the theological interpretation of the world as it had been known to the ancients.
Handlungstheoretische Grundlegung zu einer methodischen Lehre vom Begriff
Author: Jan Podacker
Rede über Begriffe ist keine Rede über Wörter, sondern über Regeln, die unser Handeln bestimmen.
Für die Philosophie ist eine Explikation der Begriffsrede sowie von Verfahren der Analyse und Bildung von Begriffen ein grundlegendes Anliegen. Es wird dafür argumentiert, dass die sprachtheoretische Tradition das Begriffliche zu einseitig betrachtet. Kontrastierend werden aus der philosophischen Tradition diejenigen ideengeschichtlichen Linien herausgearbeitet (von Platon über Kant bis zu Wittgenstein, Dingler und Lorenzen), in welchen die Begriffe und das Begreifen als eine Sache des Handelns und wechselweise das Handeln als eine begriffliche Sache betrachtet werden. Der Begriff der Regel erweist sich dabei als für das Handeln wesentlich. Hinsichtlich der Begriffsbildungsverfahren wird daraufhin als methodisch zentrale Frage erarbeitet, wie Systeme von Regeln im Rahmen einer Praxis strukturiert sind bzw. sein sollten.
Geschichte und Kontroversen
Polarität: das ist die Idee, dass die Naturphänomene von Gegensätzen beherrscht werden, die einander symmetrisch gegenüberstehen. Diese Idee leitete so verschiedene Forscher wie Goethe und Ritter, den Entdecker des UV-Lichts.
Während derzeit über die richtige Methode in der Grundlagenforschung heftig gestritten wird, lohnt ein Blick in die Vergangenheit. Nicht anders als heute hielten schon um 1800 viele Denker nach tiefen Symmetrien Ausschau – eine Suche, die sie in ihren eigenen Kategorien führten. Was das damals genau bedeutet hat und was sich daraus noch heute lernen lässt, zeigen in diesem Band auf kontroverse Weise Physiker, Philosophen und Wissenschaftshistoriker. Genies von Newton bis Hegel werden in frisches Licht getaucht und etablierte Resultate zum Auge oder zum UV-Licht werden neu beleuchtet.