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Scholarship has tended to assume that Luther was uninterested in the Greek and Latin classics, given his promotion of the German vernacular and his polemic against the reliance upon Aristotle in theology. But as Athens and Wittenberg demonstrates, Luther was shaped by the classical education he had received and integrated it into his writings. He could quote Epicurean poetry to non-Epicurean ends; he could employ Aristotelian logic to prove the limits of philosophy’s role in theology. This volume explores how Luther and early Protestantism, especially Lutheranism, continued to draw from the classics in their quest to reform the church. In particular, it examines how early Protestantism made use of the philosophy and poetry from classical antiquity.

Contributors include: Joseph Herl, Jane Schatkin Hettrick, E.J. Hutchinson, Jack D. Kilcrease, E. Christian Kopf, John G. Nordling, Piergiacomo Petrioli, Eric G. Phillips, Richard J. Serina, Jr, R. Alden Smith, Carl P.E. Springer, Manfred Svensson, William P. Weaver, and Daniel Zager.
Tianyi Zhang offers in this study an innovative philosophical reconstruction of Shihāb al-Dīn al-Suhrawardī’s (d. 1191) Illuminationism. Commonly portrayed as either a theosophist or an Avicennian in disguise, Suhrawardī appears here as an original and hardheaded philosopher who adopts mysticism as a tool for philosophical investigation.
Zhang makes use of Plato’s cave allegory to explain Suhrawardī’s Illuminationist project. Focusing on three areas—the theory of presential knowledge, the ontological discussion of mental considerations, and Light Metaphysics—Zhang convincingly reveals the Nominalist and Existential nature of Illuminationism and thereby proposes a new way of understanding how Suhrawardī’s central philosophical ideas cohere.
Religious Literacy has become a popular concept for navigating religious diversity in public life. Spanning classrooms to boardrooms, The Politics of Religious Literacy challenges commonly held understandings of religious literacy as an inclusive framework for engaging with religion in modern, multifaith democracies. As the first book to rethink religious literacy from the perspective of affect theory and secularism studies, this new approach calls for a constructive reconsideration focused on the often-overlooked feelings and practices that inform our questionably secular age. This study offers fresh insights into the changing dynamics of religion and secularism in the public sphere.
Die erste monographische Darstellung der Dämonologie Augustins und ihrer Hintergründe. Die Existenz von Dämonen galt sowohl für Pagane als auch für Christen, für Gebildete wie Ungebildete in der Antike als Realität.
Zur Verbreitung der christlichen Dämonenvorstellungen hat Augustinus einen (auch wirkungsgeschichtlich) bedeutsamen Beitrag geleistet. Vor allem in seinem Hauptwerk „De ciuitate dei“ und seiner Schrift „De diuinatione daemonum“, die gleichzeitig die einzige eigenständige Schrift eines Kirchenvaters zum Thema Dämonen ist, hat er dem Wesen und der Beschaffenheit der Dämonen seine Aufmerksamkeit geschenkt. Die Studie widmet sich der nichtchristlichen und christlichen Dämonologie der Antike von Homer bis in die Zeit Augustins. Besonderes Augenmerk fällt auf die Ansicht Platons, dass die Daimones als Mittler zwischen Menschen und Göttern fungieren. Diese Ansicht sollte bis zum Erstarken des Christentums im 2./3. Jahrhundert vorherrschen.
Why are conceptions of afterlife so diverse in both Jewish and Christian antiquity? This collection of essays offers explanations for this diversity through the lens of social memory theory. The contributors attempt to understand how and why received traditions about the afterlife needed to be altered, invented and even forgotten if they were to have relevance in the present. Select ancient texts conveying the hopes and fears of the afterlife are viewed as products of transmission processes that appropriated the past in conformity with identity constructs of each community. The range of literature in this collection spans from the earliest receptions of Israelite traditions within early Judaism to the Patristic/Rabbinic period.
RaT Book Series ist eine interdisziplinäre und internationale Buchreihe mit peer-review Verfahren. Sie wurde 2012 gegründet und wird seit 2022 bei BRILL verlegt. Das Ziel der Buchreihe besteht in der wissenschaftlichen Thematisierung des Einflusses von Religionen auf kulturelle, politische, rechtliche, ästhetische und geistige Dynamiken in globalisierten Gesellschaften. Umgekehrt wird die Bedeutung von aktuellen gesellschaftlichen Transformationsprozessen auf Religionen und religiöse Ausdrucksformen untersucht. Die Wechselwirkung von religiösen und gesellschaftlichen Veränderungen verlangt ein Zusammenwirken unterschiedlicher wissenschaftlicher Disziplinen und eröffnet eine Sphäre interdisziplinärer Forschung, die in dieser Buchreihe Raum erhalten soll. Sowohl Theologien verschiedener Konfessionen und Religionen (Katholisch, Orthodox, Evangelisch, Islamisch, Alevi) als auch Religionswissenschaft, Religionsphilosophie, Religionssoziologie, Rechtswissenschaft, Sozialwissenschaft, Judaistik, Islamwissenschaft, Indologie, Tibet- und Buddhismuskunde etc. sind Teil dieses gemeinsamen Projektes. Seit 2018 wird auch die Reihe „Studying Jihadism“ innerhalb der RaT Book Series fortgesetzt.

RaT Book Series is an interdisciplinary and international book series with a peer-review process. It was established in 2012 and has been published by BRILL since 2022. The aim of the book series is to scientifically address the influence of religions on cultural, political, legal, aesthetic and spiritual dynamics in globalised societies. Conversely, the significance of current social transformation processes on religions and religious forms of expression is examined. The interaction of religious and societal changes requires a collaboration of different academic disciplines and opens up a sphere of interdisciplinary research which shall be promoted by this book series. Theologies of different denominations and religions (Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Islamic, Alevi) as well as religious studies, philosophy of religion, sociology of religion, law, social science, Jewish studies, Islamic studies, Indology, Tibetan and Buddhist studies, etc. are part of this joint project. Since 2018, the series “Studying Jihadism” has also been continued within the RaT Book Series.
The struggle against the climate crisis and for a livable future on earth raises profound questions of justice that call for theological engagement. Anchored in concrete situations of climate vulnerability and responsibility, this volume investigates the theological epistemologies, practices and imaginaries that have profoundly shaped climate politics in the past and explores possible theological reformulations that can open up sustainable and just futures. With these critical and constructive theological reflections inspired by Liberation Theology, it seeks to contribute to practices of climate justice by inspiring the development of socially and economically just ways of living in global, interspecial community.
Methodologische Grundlagen und Diskursanalysen in international-vergleichender Perspektive
Die Religionspädagogik befindet sich in einem Prozess der Internationalisierung. Ihr eigener Anspruch auf Wissenschaftlichkeit sowie gesellschaftliche Globalisierungstendenzen und der grenzüberschreitende Charakter der Religionen führen dazu, dass religionspädagogisches Wissen unabhängiger von nationalen Grenzen wird. Eine international-vergleichende und transferorientierte bibliometrische Analyse von religionspädagogischen Kernzeitschriften im deutschsprachigen Raum und in Großbritannien legt entsprechende Entwicklungen im Zeitraum von 1970-2000 offen. Dabei werden neben der Rolle wachsender internationaler Kontakte und Netzwerke und der Rezeption ausländischer Autorinnen und Autoren auch inhaltliche Bezüge auf das Ausland indikatorenbasiert analysiert. Neben einem Beitrag zur religionspädagogischen Wissenschaftsforschung bietet die Arbeit auch neue Perspektiven auf Diskurse in der deutschsprachigen und britischen Religionspädagogik.
In The Eastern Christian Tradition in Modern Russian Thought and Beyond, Teresa Obolevitch reflects on the ontology and anthropology of neo-patristic synthesis and its connection to Western philosophy, with a focus on the work of Georges Florovsky and Vladimir Lossky. The book also examines the concept of apophaticism in Russian philosophy: in neo-patristic synthesis and the thought of Semyon Frank and Lev Karsavin, as well as in epistemological and cosmological comparison with process theology. Additionally, Obolevitch’s work undertakes a comparative analysis of the reception of Russian sophiology in the West, especially in the work of Thomas Merton, and also considers similarities between neo-patristic synthesis and Zen Buddhism in the thought of Merton and Sergey Horujy.
Reading Proclus and the Book of Causes, published in three volumes, is a fresh, comprehensive understanding of the history of Neoplatonism from the 9th to the 16th century. This third volume gathers contributions on key concepts of the Platonic tradition (Proclus, Plotinus, Porphyry or Sallustius) inherited and reinterpreted by Arabic (e.g. Avicenna, the Book of Causes), Byzantine (e.g. Maximus the Confessor, Ioane Petritsi) and Latin authors (e.g. Albert the Great, Thomas Aquinas, Berthold of Moosburg, Marsilio Ficino etc.). Two major themes are presently studied: causality (in respect to the One, the henads, the self-constituted substances and the first being) and the noetic triad (being-life-intellect).