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Literature as Document

Generic Boundaries in 1930s Western Literature

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Literature as Document considers the relationship between documents and literary texts in Western Literature of the 1930s. More specifically, the volume deals with the notion of the “document” and its multifaceted and complex connections to literary “texts” and attempts to provide answers to the problematic nature of that relationship. In an effort to determine a possible theoretical definition, many different disciplines have been taken into account, as well as individual case studies. In order to observe dynamics and trends, the idea for this investigation was to look at literature, taking its practices, its factual-looking and concrete applications, as a point of departure – that is to say, then, starting from the literary object itself.
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Beat Literature in Europe offers twelve in-depth analyses of how European authors and intellectuals on both sides of the Iron Curtain read, translated and appropriated American Beat literature. The chapters combine textual analysis with discussions on the role Beat had in popular music, art, and different subcultures.
The book participates in the transnational turn that has gained in importance during the past years in literary studies, looking at transatlantic connections through the eyes of European authors, artists and intellectuals, and showing how Beat became a cluster of texts, images, and discussions with global scope. At the same time, it provides vivid examples of how national literary fields in Europe evolved during the cold war era.

Contributors are: Thomas Antonic, Franca Bellarsi, Frida Forsgren, Santiago Rodriguez Guerrero-Strachan, József Havasréti, Tiit Hennoste, Benedikt Hjartarson, Petra James, Nuno Neves, Maria Nikopoulou, Harri Veivo, Dorota Walczak-Delanois, Gregory Watson.
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Récits contemporains d’endeuillés après suicide

Les cas Fottorino, Vigan, Grimbert, Rahmani, Charneux et Delaume

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Michèle Bacholle-Bošković

Cet ouvrage de Michèle Bacholle est le premier à examiner des écrits autobiographiques de romanciers français contemporains endeuillés après suicide. Alors que les livres de Fottorino et Vigan permettent une réflexion sur la famille, la filiation et les secrets (aux effets pathogènes et transgénérationnels), ceux de Grimbert et Rahmani montrent comment l’Histoire (l’Holocauste et les massacres des harkis) ont causé des suicides retardés. Charneux et Delaume ouvrent, eux, une discussion sur les enfants endeuillés après suicide. Puisant dans la psychologie et la suicidologie, ce livre montre les stratégies utilisées pour dire l’indicible et que l’écriture permet une restructuration de soi. En explorant le suicide et les tenants et aboutissants de ce deuil particulier, il lève aussi un tabou.

Michèle Bacholle’s book is the first to examine autobiographical writings by contemporary French novelists, survivors of another person’s suicide. While Fottorino’s and Vigan’s books allow a reflection on family, filiation, and family secrets (with their pathogenic and transgenerational effects), Grimbert’s and Rahmani’s show how History (the Holocaust and the harkis’ massacres at the end of the Algerian War) caused delayed suicides, and Charneux and Delaume open a discussion on children as suicide survivors. Using sources in psychology and suicidology, beyond showing the strategies these writers use to tell the unspeakable and how writing enables self-restructuration, this book breaks a taboo by exploring suicide and the ins and outs of its specific kind of mourning.
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The theme of Medea in Portuguese literature has mainly given rise to the writing of new plays on the subject. The central episode in the Portuguese rewritings in the last two centuries is the one that takes place in Corinth, i.e., the break between Medea and Jason, on the one hand, and Medea’s killing of their children in retaliation, on the other. Besides the complex play of feelings that provides this episode with very real human emotions, gender was a key issue in determining the interest that this story elicited in a society in search of social renovation, after profound political transformations – during the transition between dictatorship and democracy which happened in 1974 – that generated instability and established a requirement to find alternative rules of social intercourse in the path towards a new Portugal.
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Natura in fabula

Topiques romanesques de l'environnement

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Les études réunies dans Natura in fabula envisagent les questions de la nature et de l’environnement dans le roman sous l’angle de la topique en s’appuyant sur le repérage de configurations narratives récurrentes. La nature apparaît souvent comme un cadre avec ses scénographies et topographies, mais elle peut également s’incarner en une entité avec laquelle doit composer l’homme plus que le personnage. Que font les topoi de la nature, dans leur malléabilité, voire leur réversibilité, à l’écriture ? Comment les tournants historiques viennent-ils infléchir ces topoi et en faire émerger de nouveaux ? Quelles éco-logiques les rapports que l’homme entretient avec la nature dans les œuvres romanesques esquissent-ils ?

The papers brought together in Natura in Fabula focus on nature and environment-related issues in the novel, addressing them from the perspective of topics through the identification of recurrent narrative patterns. Nature often functions as a setting with its scenographies and topographies, but it may also embody an entity which man, more than the novel’s characters, is to cope with.
How do natural topoi work in writing, owing to their malleability or reversibility in a literary text? To what extent do historic turning points impact these topoi, encouraging new ones to emerge? And what kinds of “eco-logics” do they help elaborate regarding man’s relation with nature in works of fiction?
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La littérature transculturelle franco-persane

Une évolution littéraire depuis les années 80

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Esfaindyar Daneshvar

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The Idea of Beauty in Italian Literature and Language

"Il buono amore è di bellezza disio"

Beauty is a central concept in the Italian cultural imagination throughout its history and in virtually all its manifestations. It particularly permeates the domains that have governed the construction of Italian identity: literature and language. The Idea of Beauty in Italian Literature and Language assesses this long tradition in a series of essays covering a wide chronological and thematic range, while crossing from historical linguistics to literary and cultural studies. It offers elements for reflection on cross-disciplinary approaches in the humanities, and demonstrates the power of beauty as a fundamental category beyond aesthetics.
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Franco-Maghrebi Artists of the 2000s

Transnational Narratives and Identities

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Ramona Mielusel

In Franco-Maghrebi Artists of the 2000s. Transnational Narratives and Identities Ramona Mielusel offers an account of the contesting French “national identity” in the work of young artists (writers, filmmakers, actors, singers, photographers, contemporary migrant art) of Maghrebi origin residing in France during the last twenty years (2000-2016). Her interest lies in analyzing the impact that these “minor” artists and their chosen genres have on mainstream cultural productions. She argues that constant displacement and changes in political, social and cultural contexts have significantly transformed the dynamics that govern the relationship between the center (Metropolitan France) and the periphery (its Others). Most importantly, she seeks to position their work in the field of transnationalism, which has dominated postcolonial studies and cultural studies in the past decade.
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Kanade, di Goldene Medine?

Perspectives on Canadian-Jewish Literature and Culture / Perspectives sur la littérature et la culture juives canadiennes

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Kanade, di goldene medine: Perspectives on Canadian Jewish Literature and Culture offers a broad study of its field, with equal attention to English- and French-language materials and contexts. The volume’s essays highlight the fundamental link between the culture and life of Canadian Jews and their Polish roots. This focus brings Yiddish to the fore, in essays focusing on the history of Canadian Yiddish literature, and the relevance of the language for contemporary Canadian Chasidic communities. However, essays in this volume also highlight the writings of contemporary authors, working both in French and English. Thus, the collection explores culture at the borderlands of three languages, with an eye for the link between New Worlds and Old. Kanade, di goldene medine: Perspectives sur la littérature et la culture juives canadiennes apporte une contribution importante à l’étude de la littérature et la culture juives canadiennes, tout en étant attentif aux textes et contextes anglophone et francophone ainsi qu’à l’univers particulier des juifs hassidiques de Montréal. Le volume tient également compte du lien fondamental entre la créativité des juifs canadiens et leurs racines est-européennes, en particulier polonaises, et de la présence de la langue yiddish − ou de son imaginaire − dans leurs textes sous forme de traduction ou autotraduction. Le lecteur pourra cerner dans ce livre des perspectives transversales qui mettent en relation des itinéraires multiples et diversifiés noués entre le Nouveau Monde et le Vieux.
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Quintus of Smyrna’s Posthomerica

A Study of Heroic Characterization and Heroism

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Tine Scheijnen

Quintus of Smyrna’s Posthomerica (3rd century C.E.) is of great literary value to the field of Greek epic. It is a stylistic imitation of Homer and recounts what Iliad and Odyssey have left untold of the Trojan War. Tine Scheijnen offers the first linear study of this still little-known poem. Progressing from book 1 to 14, she focusses on key issues such as Homeric similes and characterization of heroes (especially Achilles and his son Neoptolemus). Ideologically, Quintus engages in a critical way with Homer, but possibly also Vergil, Triphiodorus and tragedy. Scheijnen’s work can be read as a thorough introduction to Quintus’ Posthomerica, while also offering new insights into Homer reception, the conception of heroes and heroism in Greek epic.