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Paul F. Grendler

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Paul F. Grendler, noted historian of European education, surveys Jesuit schools and universities throughout Europe from the first school founded in 1548 to the suppression of the Society of Jesus in 1773. The Jesuits were famed educators who founded and operated an international network of schools and universities that enrolled students from the age of eight or ten through doctoral studies. The essay analyzes the organization, curriculum, pedagogy, culture, financing, relations with civil authorities, enrollments, and social composition of students in Jesuit pre-university schools. Grendler then examines the different forms of Jesuit universities. The Jesuits did almost all the teaching in small collegiate universities that they governed. In large civic–Jesuit universities the Jesuits taught the humanities, philosophy, and theology, while lay professors taught law and medicine. The article provides examples ranging from the first Jesuit school in Messina, Sicily, to universities across Europe. It features a complete list of Jesuit schools in France.

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Ästhetik des Performativen und Kontemplation

Zur Relevanz eines kulturwissenschaftlichen Konzepts für die Systematische Theologie

Sibylle Trawöger

Ein konkretes Performativitätskonzept – die „Ästhetik des Performativen“ – wird hinsichtlich ihrer Relevanz für die (Grundlagenreflexion der) Theologie erschlossen.

Der Begriff „Performativität“ wird bereits als „umbrella term“ bezeichnet, worin die implizite Gefahr mitschwingt, dass das Performative aufgrund seiner umspannenden Offenheit für die prägnante Analyse von Phänomenen an Kraft verlieren könnte. Eine verantwortliche Arbeit mit dem Performativen verlangt also, die vielfältigen Ausdifferenzierungen der unterschiedlichen Performativitätskonzepte wahrzunehmen und den spezifischen Kontext des jeweils zur Anwendung gebrachten Konzeptes mitzubedenken. Dem versucht die vorliegende Arbeit gerecht zu werden, indem sie die „Ästhetik des Performativen“ genau beleuchtet.
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Edited by Denise A. Austin, Jacqueline Grey and Paul W. Lewis

Asia Pacific Pentecostalism, edited by Denise A. Austin, Jacqueline Grey, and Paul W. Lewis, yields previously untold stories and interdisciplinary analysis of pioneer foundations, denominational growth, leadership training, contextualisation, and community development across East Asia, Southeast Asia, and Oceania.
Pentecostalism in the Asia Pacific has made an enormous contribution to its global family—from the more visible influence of Yonggi Cho from Korea to the worship revolutions from Australia (particularly associated with Hillsong) and the lesser known missionary activity from Fiji—each region has contributed significantly to global Christianity. Some communities prospered despite hostile environments and wartime devastation. This volume provides a systematic study of the geographical contexts of Asia Pacific Pentecostalism, including historical development, theological influences, and sociological perspectives.
Contributors are: Doreen Alcoran-Benavidez, Dik Allan, Connie Au, Denise A. Austin, Edwardneil Benavidez, John Carter, Michael Chase, Yung Hun Choi, Darin Clements, Shane Clifton, Dynnice Rosanny Engcoy, Michael J. Frost, Luisa J. Gallagher, Sarita D. Gallagher, Kellesi Gore, Adonis Aberlard O. Gorospe, Jacqueline Grey, James Hosack, Ken Huff, Paul W. Lewis, Lim Yeu Chuen, Mathew Mathews, Jason Morris, Nyotxay (pseudonym), Saw Tint Sann Oo, Selena Y. Z. Su, Masakazu Suzuki, Gani Wiyono.
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Joanna Cruickshank and Patricia Grimshaw

In White Women, Aboriginal Missions and Australian Settler Governments, Joanna Cruickshank and Patricia Grimshaw provide the first detailed study of the central part that white women played in missions to Aboriginal people in Australia. As Aboriginal people experienced violent dispossession through settler invasion, white mission women were positioned as ‘mothers’ who could protect, nurture and ‘civilise’ Aboriginal people. In this position, missionary women found themselves continuously navigating the often-contradictory demands of their own intentions, of Aboriginal expectations and of settler government policies. Through detailed studies that draw on rich archival sources, this book provides a new perspective on the history of missions in Australia and also offers new frameworks for understanding the exercise of power by missionary women in colonial contexts.
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Karl Forster (1928–1981)

Katholizismus in der politischen Kultur der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Simon Oelgemöller

Karl Forster, Priester, Kirchenpolitiker und Pastoraltheologe, war eine herausragende Gestalt des bundesdeutschen Katholizismus. In den 1960er Jahren trieb er an den Schnittstellen zwischen politischer Kultur und Kirche deren Öffnung maßgeblich voran.
Als Gründungsdirektor der Katholischen Akademie in Bayern zählte er zu den Wegbereitern des Dialogs mit der SPD. In den nachkonziliaren Richtungsstreitigkeiten setzte er sich als Sekretär der Deutschen Bischofskonferenz und Mitorganisator der „Würzburger Synode“ für einen Ausgleich in bildungspolitischen Fragen und für Mitverantwortung von Laien in der Kirche ein. Als Pastoraltheologe beschritt er neue Wege in der Kirchensoziologie. Erstmals werden sein Leben und Wirken quellennah nachgezeichnet.

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Biblical Exegesis without Authorial Intention?

Interdisciplinary Approaches to Authorship and Meaning

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Edited by Clarissa Breu

In Biblical Exegesis without Authorial Intention? Interdisciplinary Approaches to Authorship and Meaning, Clarissa Breu offers interdisciplinary contributions to the question of the author in biblical interpretation with a focus on “death of the author” theory. The wide range of approaches represented in the volume comprises mostly postmodern theory (e. g. Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Paul de Man, Julia Kristeva and Gilles Deleuze), but also the implied author and intentio operis. Furthermore, psychology, choreography, reader-response theories and anthropological studies are reflected. Inasmuch as the contributions demonstrate that biblical studies could utilize significantly more differentiated views on the author than are predominantly presumed within the discipline, it is an invitation to question the importance and place attributed to the author.
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Edited by Willem van Vlastuin and Kelly M. Kapic

This volume offers fresh reflections on John Owen, a leading Reformed theologian who sat on the brink of a new age. His seventeenth- century theology and spirituality reflect the growing tensions, and pre-modern and modern tendencies. Exploring Owen in this context helps readers better understand the seventeenth-century dynamics of individualization and rationalization, the views of God and self, community and the world. The authors of this volume investigate Owen’s approach to various key themes, including his Trinitarian piety, catholicity, doctrine of scripture, and public prayer. Owen’s international reception and current historiographical challenges are also highlighted.

Contributors are: Joel R. Beeke, Henk van den Belt, Gert A. van den Brink, Hans Burger, Daniel R. Hyde, Kelly M. Kapic, Reinier W. de Koeijer, Ryan M. McGraw, David P. Murray, Carl R. Trueman, Willem van Vlastuin.
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Roland Boer

In Red Theology: On the Christian Communist Tradition, Roland Boer presents key moments in the 2,000 year tradition of Christian communism. Defined by the two features of alternative communal practice and occasional revolutionary action, Christian communism is predicated on profound criticism of the way of the world. The book begins with Karl Kautsky – the leading thinker of second-generation Marxism – and his oft-ignored identification of this tradition. From there, it offers a series of case studies that deal with European instances, the Russian Revolution, and to East Asia. Here we find the emergence of Christian communism not only in China, but also in North Korea. This book will be a vital resource for scholars and students of religion and the many aspects of socialist tradition.
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Bertram Stubenrauch

Diese Einführung behandelt den christlichen Glauben und die Wissenschaft von ihm. Vorgestellt wird, welche Fragen die Theolo-gie ausmachen, welche Disziplinen sie kennt und inwiefern sie die persönliche Spiritualität berührt.
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Streit um die Freiheit

Philosophische und theologische Perspektiven

Edited by Klaus von Stosch, Saskia Wendel, Aaron Langenfeld, Martin Breul and Klaus von Stosch

Der Streit um ein angemessenes Verständnis von Freiheit ist heute aktueller denn je. Der Band führt prominente Ansätze aus Philosophie und Theologie zusammen und leistet einen innovativen Beitrag zur interdisziplinären Klärung eines drängenden Problems.

„Freiheit“ ist ein Schlüsselbegriff für Philosophie und Theologie. Gleichwohl stehen die fachspezifischen Debatten häufig nahezu berührungslos nebeneinander. Das Buch will diese Sprachlosigkeit überbrücken und bündelt die Ergebnisse zweier Fachtagungen zu Kernproblemen des Freiheitsbegriffs. Internationale Expert*innen stellen ihre Zugänge und Positionen vor und ermöglichen so eine Diskursanreicherung.