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Index

Page numbers in italics indicate illustrated pages

Acham, Ivan Felix Bernard178179Chen, JackActon, Harold6567and Chen Shixiang6667Aesthetic Movement35,80,84,95All-Union Society for Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries (VOKS)186187Amateur Dramatic Club (ADC)172America4,5,7,24,28,103,115,158,163166,224,291,322,326United StatesAmerican Artists’ Congress (AAC)275,282American Communist Party282American Friends of the Chinese People (AFCP)5,131,183,196,212213,282Amis du peuple chinois314“Analects Group and the Genre of Xiaopin The118119Araki Sadao257258Art Deco29,50,83,133,216,218219,293,297,300Art et Industrie26artistscommercial2,3,22,14,39,51,72decorative4,13,39,106,132,152153,221,230,307,321,335woodcut78,20,29,89,118,151,186,189,215,282,330cartoon artistsArtists’ International Association (AIA)4,131,183,190,192,204205,212,279,281282,324,336Art Nouveau29,39,50,144Art of Dying, The (Si de yishu)22,138Arts and Crafts movement29,8384,95Asahi Shimbun26Asia169,195,282283,293,303Auden, W.H.322Avshalomoff, Aaron64,178Bali3,98,100103,106107,109,112,115,124,131,320Banting, John279Bao Luoduo48Fu YanchangBattle of Shanghai278Baudelaire, Charles42,90Beardsley, Aubrey1314,3436,84,321Beijing2223,56,6566,110,112,174,177,222,229,318319Beiyang huabao (“The Pei-Yang Pictorial News”)11,33,44,73,259Bell, Vanessa204Boeuf sur le Toit67Berlin Dada138,157158,163,164n82Bi Keguan1,30Bian Zhilin67Bien, Gloria53,67Binder, Pearl282Blunt, Anthony201213,282283,291,295296,324,334and Diego Rivera208209,283and Refugees208,291,295296,297n73,334and Surrealism206Bone, Stephen282Boni, Albert and Charles26Boswell, James279,282Boxer, Charles322Boxer Uprising143Brecht, Berthold186Breton, André237British American Tobacco Co.61,72,84Brooks, Louise42Browne, Felicia282Buchanan, Tom143n21,170,286n40Butterfly and Mandarin Ducks Literature73Cai Ruohong2,4,145,148,151,156,165,175,215,224,252,282as China’s “New Grosz”152166,325as exponent of guohua painting243politicization of his work165,215,247and Yang Taiyang243245Cai Tingkai251Canchun (The Last Days of Spring)63Cao Hanmei36,65,106,125,221,233,235236,265Change of name from Zhang Meiyu36n80Cao Juren71n75,77,294,309Cao Yu319Carmon, Walt196Carrà, Carlo163cartoon artists1,7,13,19,31,5051,104,117,119,169,191,214,236,273,276,311,329330individual artistsCartoon Society (Manhuahui)1,3,8,1114,29,7172,126,135,214,220,272,277,321cartoons1,2,5,14,18,30,34,37,77,88,96,118119,123135,128,133,136,145,146,148,169172,174,181,184,187,191,193195,202203,214215,220221,225,227,231,235237,239,254256,258,260,273,276,278280,284,288289,293294,297,300,305,308,311313,315,317318,320321,324,326,320,332334as modern art711individual artistsChadourne, Marc2021,26,101104,115117Chapayev184,297n73Chaplin, Charlie61,123,322Chen, B.A.Chen, JackChen Baoyi224,231,233,234,261,273,310311Chen, Doris68Chen Duxiu139Chen, Eugene,171,248,249,251,291,309Chen I-wanChen, JackChen, Jack (Chen Yifan),46,66,133,150152,166,178,182,231,296,301,312313,314,315,319,324,334335and Anthony Blunt204221arrives in Shanghai171174“Beixing yinxiang” (Impressions of a Trip to the North)177and the First National Cartoon Exhibition224226in Guangzhou286289in Hong Kong281286Inside the Cultural Revolution170171and the left wing173letters of192201and Paddy O’Shea300and Socialist Realism179192world tour182,189,196,202204,211213,308,313and Hu Kao295296,298,300,303305in Yan’an303308Chen, Jingsheng119120,121Chen Leyda, Si-lanChen, SylviaChen Mengjia67Chen, Mucia61,68Chen, Percy61,68,171,185n84,301,308,309n110Chen Qiucao84Chen Shixiang6667Chen, Sylvia (Si-lan Chen Leyda)61,171172,175,178179,183,187188,192,200201,212,316,301Jack Chen’s letters to176,184n74,188,192193,202,281,316317Chen YifanChen, JackChen, Yuan-tsung170171,204,301Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi)102,116,123,228,230,251,318China Campaign Committee (CCC)4,183,192,203n155,204,209n178,290n54,324China Critic57,60,66China I Knew, The98,110China to Me69,301China Press8,10,107108,112,114,116,122,181,220221,255China Today5,9,169,196,199,211,282,284,318China at War8China Weekly Review171Chine/China2021,101104,115118,120Chinese Independent Art Association (Zhonghua duli meishu xiehui)7,236237Chinese National Art-world Resistance Association278Chinese National Cartoonists Association276Choy Chong (Cai Chang)216Chun Kum-Wen (Chen Jinyun)295296Chun zhi zitai mei (The Beauty of Posing in Spring)25Cocteau, Jean56n11,67,97Colbert, Claudette101Coldstream, William206,324Communists/Communism164,188,204205,214,230,235,276,279280,282,293,303,305,313,317n138,326,331Communist Party of Great Britain279German161165,331Constante, Mme. Etienne314Cotton, William28Courtauld Institute of Art205206Covarrubias, Miguel3,4,6768,92,95134,293,334335Archivo Miguel Covarrubias320Covarrubias Circle, The98,133Covarrubias in Bali98in China9798,100,102117and Chine/China101103,115117impact on Chinese artists34,9799,104106,117128,145146,223,248,294,320,328,332,335Island of Bali3,98and Zhang Guangyu111,113,118119,122124,134,223,248,251,254,293,328,332“Impossible Interviews”Covarrubias, Rose67,98,102,110111Creation Society (Chuangzao she)31,34,181,214,324Creation Weekly35Crémieux, Bernard25Croizier, Ralph51Cubism29,37,39,50,307Cultural Revolution246,323Da feng (Great Wind)196Dagongbao186n89,278,289,291,315,336n22Dai Ailian318319Dai Wangshu65,67,309Daily Worker170,278279,296,316,317n138Dalí, Salvador237,240,307308and Persistence of Memory, The240Danao huashi (Havoc in the Artist’s Studio)321Daumier, Honoré96,188Da wanbao (The China Evening News)226Daxin gongsiSun CompanyDazhong (“The Cosmopolitan”)6,58Dazhong shenghuo (Life of the Masses)148,153154Decadence6,54n5,87,90,95,146,166,208,321,330in Shanghai3336del Rio, Dolores44Deni, Viktor200Desmond, Celia114115Dial, The26Dianshizhai huabao (Dianshizhai Pictorial) 55Dianying manhua (Film Cartoons)18,118de Chirico, Giorgio163,237,239,245,307308Ding Cong2,125,169,215,220,310311,312,320321,335and the Mexican Muralists126,128133“Stars of the Silver Screen Bathing”126,128Ding Li258,305Ding nüshi (Madam Ding)304Ding Song12,36,72,82n112,84,126,220“Di-san rijice shang de jimo” (Loneliness in the Diary on the Third Day)239Disney, Walt184,185n79,187,321Di-yi chubanshe (Number One Publishing Company)54Dongfang zazhi (“The Eastern Miscellany”)83n113,175Dongxi liang zhanshen155“Down with Imperialists!”,196,197198“Dubai” (Monologue)85,272Duhui jiaoxiangquSymphonies MétropolitainesDuli chubanshe (“Independence Press”)18,85,146,219Duli manhua (“Oriental Puck”),18,25,85,86,118n95,124,264,265266267269271,272,293Dui xiao jiao de shuo266n139,270East India and Company26“Editor’s Uneasy Chair”98,101n21,122Efimov, Boris174,188,190,199,280,283284Ehrenstein, Albert164Eisenstein, Sergei109,183184,184n74,185187,297n73Ellis, Fred188,190,199200,224,275,282,311Epstein, Israel286Epstein, Jacob193Ernst, Max237“Erste George Grosz Mappe” (First George Grosz Portfolio)145Esquire26,255Europe4,5,7,9,22,34,36,4950,52,80,103,143n21,144,163,165166,169,183,188189,203,208,212,230,237,276278,282,289291,308,311,315,318,324,329,335Eumorphopoulos, George203Europe galante, L’22European Expressionists/Expressionism48,208European Symbolists/Symbolism29,34,39,87,95,145146,166,208,330German SymbolismEveleigh, Henry191Evening Standard192193Exposition internationale des arts décoratifs et industriels modernes, L’ (International Exposition of Modern Industrial and Decorative Arts)64Fairbanks, Douglas227Fang Xin68Fang Xuegu84Farquhar, Mary Ann330332fascism4,166,274326fashion9,51,7180,247,318,325Yunshang Fashion CompanyFashion Sketches76Fauvism236,244Fenghuo (Beacon)286n41,311Fenghou tu (Bestow land on a Marquis)248,250“Fengniao xiaojie biezhuan” (The Unofficial History of Miss Fengniao)239Feng Zikai13First Moscow Film Festival71,184187,297n73First National Cartoon Exhibition (FNCE)5,125,150,193,201,213274Fitton, James279Fitzpatrick, Daniel Robert188,282,311Five Thousand Years Young,206,207,208209,211n180,282n22,295,300Flame284,285n35Flavell, M. Kay163Fontenoy, Jean21Ford, Cory122n105Foster, Norman101Franco, Francisco278Frenchman’s London, A23Friml, Rudolf6263Fritz, Bernadine6069,81n106,92,101n23,106108,110112,114,181,187,261,301,328Fritz, Chester107,114Fruehauf, Heinrich22n23,50Füren huabao (“Women’s Pictorial”)25Fu Yanchang (Bao Luoduo)36,4849,58,68,231Furniture8081,285Dahua tiechang (Dahua Steel Factory)8283Shanghai meishu jiaju gongsi (Shanghai Fine Art Furniture Company)8081“Xin gudian chenshe” (New Classical Furnishings)285Gág, Wanda282“Gaizao boshi” (Doctor Reconstruction)221Gandhi, Mahatma122,266Gongyuan youhui (Tryst in the Park)116,120Garbo, Greta123Garrett, Alice Warder and John Work129Garretto, Paolo26,227,229Gazette de Bon Ton, Le75Ge (Song)240,243Gellert, Hugo282Genü Hong Mudan (Songstress Red Peony)63German Symbolism46Gide, André20Giles, Carl (“Giles”)279Gill, Eric204,285Gliezes, Albert37Golden Gate International Exhibition129Gorky, Maxim123Gould, Randall20Goutu (Composition/Design)266,272Goya, Francisco96,188Grande Baigneuse18Grant, Duncan204Graphic, The26,227Great Britain4,5152,84,190,279,334Greco-Roman4950,145,329Gropper, William133,158,199,224,229,282,284Grosz, George4,50,95,96n6,97,99,122,134166American Landscape158159,160Big Yes and Little No, A143Capital against China143and Jack Chen143144and Dada138,157158,163,164n82Der Liebeskranke (Lovesick)163Der Neue Mensch (The New Man)163Der Spiesser-Spiegel (The Philistines’ Mirror)137138Der Weisse General (The White General)165Die Neue Jugend139Die Pleite (“Bankruptcy”)165and left-wing affiliation139,156,164165and Henry Miller139n12and Japan136and Jugendstil (Youth Style)144“Qiaozhi Geluosi ji qi manhua zai Zhongguo de yingxiang” (George Grosz and the Influence of his Caricatures in China)152“Qiaozhi Geluosi shi de huihua jiqiao” (The Painting Technique of Mr. George Grosz)159163,162Republikanische Automaten (Republican Automatons)163Schönheit, dich will ich preisen! (Beauty, I wish to praise thee)163Selbstmörder (Suicide)163Sonniges Land (Sunny Country)163Whisky163Grosz-styleGrosz-style4,135,139,156,165,189,243,282,328proponents of144150Guan Liang231Guangming (Light)181“Guanyu Jiu-yi-ba zhanlan” (Concerning the Nine-one-eight Exhibition)287Guo Jianying25,56n11,97Guohua (National Painting)9,11,14,243,246,318,326Guomin xinwen (National Daily)323324Guo Moruo9,34,67,280Guo Taiqi203Guo Zixiong6465Hahn, Emily61,66,6869,81n106,9092,117,187,300301,322,323n159Haolaiwu mingxing haiyu tu (Hollywood Film Stars at the Seaside)125Hollywood’s Miami Beach (Miami Beach—Caricatures of the Screen Stars)Harcourt-Smith, Simon65Hardy, Thomas35Harper’s20,26,57Hastings, Lord Jack209,282,324Hausmann, Raoul158Heartfield, John158Heibaishe (The Black and White Society)9Heibai yingji (“The Black and White Pictorialist”)9Heinzelman, Kurt116n84,133134Hepingshen wuli zudi (The Angel of Peace has Nowhere to Go)265,267Hermes, Gertrude282,285Herzfelde, Wieland135,139Him Mark Lai170Hirohito, Emperor199n143,257258,284Höch, Hannah158Holland, James282,286n40,315Hollywood’s Miami Beach,125Haolaiwu mingxing haiyu tu“Hongcai moyan” (Iritis)239Hong Kong5,9,90,96n6,101,110,164,169,177,196,213,216,222,234,274,276278,281282,285,303,308311,318,322323Hong Kong Daily Press278,286,308,313Hong Kong Telegraph278Hong Kong Working Artists Guild308Honglou meng (The Dream of the Red Chamber)45Hongshui (Flood)13Hongni guan (The Rainbow Pass)186Hongzha (Bombing)306,307Hortz, Hortz P.28Hua Junwu2,96,135,245,305,321,325Hua Lu230236,239,265Roulin (Ravage),231,232,233,235237,239,265Huang Mao3031,9596,139,148,165,311Huang Miaozi14,96,133,233,240,291,307,310,330332Huang Tianpeng55Huang Wennong12,18,30,37,75,84,145,227,330Huang Yao14,96n6,220,223,247,251Huang Yunlin1,30Huaqiao zhoubao (Overseas Chinese Weekly)325Huashangbao (“Hwa Shiang Pao”)164165,285,295n67Hu Boxiang84Hu DieWu, ButterflyHu Kao2,5,99,117,157,169,180,191,208,211,221224,226,228,230,275277,282,288289,290,291,292,293298,299,300,303308,310,324,326,334335with Jack Chen in Yan’an303308and Refugees208,295,295n70,296,297298,300and Shanghai tan297Hung, Chang-tai157Huoshao hongliansi (The Burning of Red Lotus Temple)63Hutt, Jonathan39n86,53,64n37Hu Xuguang12Illustrated London News26,57Illustration, L’57“Imaginary Interview no. 1”122“Impossible Interviews”“Impossible Interviews”105,122124,133n143,223,254Incertitude du poète, L’ (The Uncertainty of the Poet)245International Arts Theatre (IAT)6061,64,6970,178,181,190,200201,261,301International Union of Revolutionary Artists173Isako Circus149150Isherwood, Christopher322Isis (Oxford student newspaper)66Izvestia199Japan1,3,7,9,13,22,27,50,52,98,104,134,136,144,194,196,208,231,233,256257,276,278,284,318,323,327,335and George Grosz136and Lu Xun135136Japanese, the23,26,104,136,143144,151,177,194,211,214,233,247,257259,262,276278,284,286287,289,293,295,305,318,322323,325,332333,335and cartoons136n4and censorship104,194,257258Japonisme144Jiang Biwei64,187Jiang Guangnai251Jiang Xiaojian36,71,73,8081,84,87n125,291Jiang Feng305Jiefang ribao (Liberation Daily)245Jindai gongyi meishu (Modern Arts and Crafts)83Jinghu manhuajie (The Cartooning Circle of Nanjing and Shanghai)125,127Jinhua (Evolution)31,32Jinri Zhongguo (“China Today”)9,319n141Jinwu shudian (“La Maison d’Or”)3536Jinwu yuekan (Golden House Monthly)35,54Jin Yan71Jin Zhonghua175177,215,222224,226,230,261,309Jiuwang huakan (National Salvation Pictorial)95Jiuwang manhua xuanchuandui (National Salvation Cartoon Propaganda Corps [NSCPC])5,17,214,276Jiuwang ribao (National Salvation Daily)286287,325Ji Xiaobo12n16,13Jixieren de ganhua (The Reformative Influence of the Robots)271,272John, Augustus204Journal de Shanghai21,102Joyce, James2829JuelansheStorm SocietyKangzhan sanrikan (War of Resistance Tridiem)283Kao (The Examination)239Katsushika Hokusai144Kent, Rockwell100n19,282,284285Klein, Jerome211212“Kleine Grosz Mappe” (Small Grosz Portfolio)145Klee, Paul237Kelly and Walsh20,65n42,104Kokoschka, Oskar164Kollwitz, Käthe96,245Kolstov, Mikhail283Koo, Wellington314Korean War9,280Krokadil283KMT (Kuomintang/Guomindang)308,318,321,325Lao She319Lady Precious Stream (Wang Baochuan)61,6871,101n23Lang Jingshan7981,84,87n125,109,291and Jingshan sheyingji (The Collected Photographs of Jingshan)79Laing, Ellen Johnston34n67,50n107,87n125Laughlin, Charles A.118119League of Left-wing Writers29,8990,181,329and Cartoon Study Association (Manhua yanjiuhui)29Lee Hak Keung4142Lee, Leo Ou-fan23,2527Left Review203,205,275,279,282Léger, Fernand240Legislative Yuan64Leiqiu (“Pearly Tears”)25Levis, Rachel191Leyda, Jay178n52,183184,185n81,186n88,200Liang Baibo17,97,226n44,239240,241,266,270,288289,307,323,325Liao Bingxiong99,118,124n118,145,156,165,223n32,288Liangyou huabao (The Young Companion)6,9,1113,18,3335,51,56,58,7273,133,146,222223,227228,244,246,288,321LiaoliaoLu LiaoliaoLibrairie d’Extrême-Orient21,26,104,257n121Life211,224,255,322Li Guangtian67Li Hua186,209n178Li Jinhui6364Li Jishen251Li Keran333Li Minghui6364,71Lin Cuifeng111Lin Daiyu45Lin Sen261Linglong (“Lin Loon Magazine”)9,75,228,247Lin Weiyin68,239Lin Qi53Lin Yutang6566,88,111112,116117,123,130,211,255,301,322Liti de dushi shenghuo (The Cubist Life of the Metropolis)37,38Little Chen176,200Mr. Wang and Little ChenLittle Peter (Xiao Bide)122,135137Liu Haisu36,51,187,224Liu, Henry68Liu Na’ou21,23,28,31,33,65,324death of324and the “Modern Girl”33and Wugui lieche (Trackless Train)23Liu Shi222,224227,230231,233,236,261,273on Hua Lu230231nephew of Liu Haisu224Live Line, The (Shengcunxian “The Survival Line”)189Lixiang de youxian shenghuo! (An Ideal Life of Leisure)292Li Xin245Li Zufa74Low, David96,99,143,172175,178179,188,190,192,203204,236,282283,311,334Lozowick, Louis282,284n32Lu Liaoliao4142Luce, Henry322323Lunyu (Lunyu banyuekan “The Analects”)54,59,66,88,98,111112,116,119120,137,142,239,255256and Covarrubias119120,122Luotuo, Nicaizhuyizhe yu nüren (Camel, Nietzscheanist and Woman)24,25Lu Shaofei12,4142,72,75,84,104,194,220223,233,251252,253,257,282,291,310Lu Xiaoman71,75Lu Xun29,8890,96,122,135137,139,141142,144,154,157,189190,215,223,245246,252,288,294,330,332and Woodcuts29,96,189190,215,288,294Lu Xun Academy of Art and Literature (Luyi)303,305n99,313,317Lu Yinsheng260Lu Zhixiang2,4,12n16,135,145146,147,148150,153,156,215,224,283,288and the work of Grosz135,145146,148149,153,156,165166,283Ma Guoliang34,35n71,227228,309,311Manchurian Incident (Mukden Incident)246247,287mandiao266,269Mangzhong banyuekan (Grain in Ear Fortnightly)294manhuaan Anonymous Critique254262an art for China’s future272274Jack Chen on246254“Manhua er you manhua” (Caricatures of Caricatures)139Manhuahui kaimu (The Opening of the Cartoon Exhibition),222,264,265Manhuajie (“Modern Puck”)19,125,126,128,159,162,163n77,194n128,214,219,221222,224,232,233,237,257258,262,264,265,272274and Zhang Guangyu262272Manhua shenghuo148Manhua yanjiuhui (Cartoon Study Association)29Mao Dun111n60,245n94,277,309,329“Maolang yanshi” (“The Love Adventures of Mao Lang”)220Mao Zedong30,209n178,229230,235,246,305n99,316,335Märchen der Armen (Fairy Tales of the Poor)135Masereel, Frans96Masses, themasses, the (general term)5859,62,261,329Masses, the (left-wing political term)148,154,156,190,261,290,329,336Matisse, Henri18Maupassant, Guy de35Mavo136May Fourth Movement6Mayer, Louis B.322McCausland, Elizabeth (Elizabeth Noble)211McManus, George8,10Mei Lanfang108109,184187Meishu shenghuo291Meishuzi (Art Characters)297MengruJin ZhonghuaMetaphysical painters239,244Mexican Muralists126129,131132,208,283,320,324and Ding Cong126133Meyerhold, Vsevolod109,186Mickey Mouse184“Miguel Covarrubias: A Certain Clairvoyance”98Miguel Covarrubias Sketches: Bali—Shanghai98“Minjian qingge” (Folk Love Songs)118,119,251n108,293,325Miró, Joan97,237,240Miyako Shimbun257modern art5152,79,84,128,131,133134,169,171,191,193,206,211,214,244245,262,266,273,290,293,303,307,327,332333,335cartoon as711and the cartoon artists128,236237,239,244Modern Chinese Poetry67Modern Girl33,42,43,4446,50,256,259Modern MiscellanyShidai huabaoModern SketchShidai manhuaModern Publications (Shidai tushu gongsi)34,54,80,82,219,255n119,256,300,330Monet, Claude144Moor, Dmitri200Moore, George35Moore, Henry204Morand, Paul2026,35,138,324Art of Dying, The138and Marc Chadourne2025and the New-sensationists324travel writing of23,25and Vanity Fair2526writings in Chinese translation2223,138Moscow News4,171,174175,177,185187,193,196,199,200n145,279280Moule, Rev. A.C.285Mr. Wang and Little Chen89,176Mukherji, S. Ani192Munich Secession46Murayama Tomoyoshi136Mu Shiying25,28,31,33,97,142,239,241,309,311,323324Baijin de nüti suxiang (Platinum Statue of a Female Nude)25death of323324and Lu Xun142Shanghai de hubuwu (Shanghai Foxtrot)33Tianshe fengjing (Pastoral Scene)239,241and Wenyi huabao142,239,241Mussolini, Benito123,223,229,257,278,331“Nande pengtou” (Rare Meetings)122123Nanyang Tobacco Company72Nash, John282National Salvation89,133,226,273,278,322,334335Negri, Pola227Neo-classical models50,145,329New Literature Movement58New Masses195196,199,211212,224,282,284New-sensationists7,2324,2931,33,51,97,146,323324,327New York23New York Herald Tribune115New Yorker20,26,118,255New York Times26,115,211,291New Youth139News Chronicle278,315Ni Yide18,36,51,84,237239,310,333and Surrealism237Niu Bizi247,251252Noble, ElizabethMcCausland, ElizabethNorth-China Daily News28n52,9596,98,107108,111n60,112114,117,173,257,300North-China Herald21,61,65n41,68,80,107,179,191Olds, Elizabeth282Orozco, José Clemente129130,136n4,208,283,317O’Shea, Paddy191,300301,302Our Time279Ouya huabao (“Europe-Asia Illustrated News”)174Pan, Lynn46,127Pan Gongzhan220n22,261Pang Xunqin18,51,266,271,272,291,310Bali de youhuo (The Lure of Paris)19Jixieren de ganhua (The Reformative Influence of the Robots)271,272Ruci Bali (Such is Paris)19Paris19,39,49,51,6465,67,71,79,81,188189,288,314315,329Parnassus211Pater, Walter35Peace by Revolution: An Interpretation of Mexico129Peintures et Gravures de le Chine Revolutionaire288Peking Opera69,108109,185187,219Peking Review279,280n13,317PEN Club64,123Peng Hsiao-yen23,259People’s China9,279280,317People’s Revolutionary Government of the Chinese Republic (1933–34)251People’s Republic of China (PRC)23,14,5152,230,235,243,279,295,313,316317,320,326,328,332,334335Picasso, Pablo18,20,206,237,240,307pictorial magazines3,67,9,11,17,19,20,25,33,3536,42,44,50,5360,62,73,79,111,127,165n83,166,239,259,327,329“The Status of Pictorials in the Cultural World”54,329“Fifty Years of Pictorials”55Picture Post278,317n138Ping Fan46,49“Piracy”122123Poiret, Paul75portraitureas genre for political persuasion226230Post-Impressionism236Pravda199Preetorius, Emil144President Roosevelt’s Inauguration133“Private Lives of the Great”123Puck13Punch13,20,26,66,255256Pu Ru177Qi Baishi177,180Qingnianjie (World of Youth)239Quanguo manhua zuojia xiehui (National Cartoon Artists’ Committee)298Quanshijie gongren juzhuang Rihuo (Workers of the World Refuse to Unload Japanese Goods)289,290Qu Qiubai329,332Qiudong zhi zhuang78Ravilious, Eric282,285Rea, Betty282Refregier, Anton282Refugees208,295,295n70,297298,300Renyan zhoukan (Renyan Weekly)54,85Republican Period6,17,169,229Return to the Middle Kingdom170Reynolds News316Rien que la Terre (Nothing but the Earth)22Riguangyu (Sunbathing)18Ristaino, Marcia R.127128Rivera, Diego129,131133,208209,287,317,320,324and Anthony Blunt209,283,324in Chinese magazines283influence on Chinese artists283Robbers, The137,144,145n25Rockefeller City124Roosevelt, Franklin D.123,133,223Roar China!Nuhou ba, Zhongguo (Roar, China!)186Rychi, Kitay! (Roar, China!)186Rotov, Konstantin200Roulin (Ravage),231,232,233,235237,239,265Routi de meiren (Voluptuous Beauty)18,19Rowe, Clifford279Russo-Japanese War143Salome35,39Sapajou (Georgii Avksent’ievich Sapojnikoff)69n64,9596,114,173175,214,300Sappho36,50,8182,285Saturday Evening Post26Saturday Review26Saturday Review of Literature115Schiff, Friedrich214Second National Fine Art Exhibition272273Second National Travelling Woodcut Exhibition190n109215Serpent, The67Sex Histories259Shanghai Evening Post and Mercury20,108,177,193194,246,254255Shanghai fengjing (Shanghai Landscape)159,161Shanghai huabao (“Shanghai Pictorial”)11,7374Shanghai manhua (“Shanghai Sketch”)712,14,1719,26,34,3637,4142,4446,4952,7275,77,7981,84,95,108,127128,130,145146,176,194,219221,226227,247,259,262,307,321,329330and Western models of art and literature2933Shanghai manhuajie jiuwang xiehui (National Salvation Cartoon Association)5Shanghai meishu zhuanke xuexiao (Shanghai Fine Arts School)152Shanghai SketchShanghai manhuaShanghai Times108Shanghai xinhua yizhuan (Shanghai New China Art College)298Shang Xiaoyun109Shao Xunmei (Sinmay Zau)3,56,21,24,28,30,34,34n68,3537,42,4850,52,95,98,100,106111,111n60,113,115116,120,135,142,145,190,231,239,255256,261,285,291,300301,322325,328332and Emily Hahn9092and English Decadence6,3334,36,54n5,87,90,95,330depicted by Wang Zimei8590and pictorial magazines5360and salon culture6071Shanghai Sketch—Bohemian301,302and signature as horse81n106and “The Status of Pictorials in the Cultural World”5460and Yunshang Fashion Company7180as “Mr. Z”4849and the Zhang brothers8084,111,300Shaw, George Bernard65,123Shen Congwen67,309Shenbao1213,48,5758,80,218220,222,226Shengcunxian “The Survival Line” (The Live Line)189Shenghuo xingqikan (Life Weekly)175,177,181,188,190,191n116,196,197,215,224,231,252Shen Qiyu181188Shen Zhenhuang96,175Sheng Peiyu36,53,61,68,80Shengse huabao (“Vox”)54,322n154Shen Yiqian12n16,277She yu furenSnake and WomanShidai huabao (“Modern Miscellany”)67,12,1819,21,2425,34,37,51,5456,5860,8284,87,98,100,111112,115116,130,122123,125,239,244,248,256,266,293Shidai manhua (“Modern Sketch”)7,9,18,25,37,54,95,130,145146,148149,159,194,221,233,237,251,254258,261262,265266,272273,293,296298,300,330“Caricature of Today”37,37n81Shidai tushu gongsiModern Publications34,54,80,82,219,255n119,256,300,330Shi Dongshan71“Shijie renti zhi bijiao” (A Comparison of the Bodies of Peoples Worldwide)3031Shijie zhishi (World Knowledge)176178,200,215,224“Shiren you diyu” (A Poet Wanders in Hell)8590“Shiri manhua” (Cartoons of the Times)119,120n98,121Shiri wencui (Ten Day Digest)286287Shiritan (“The Decameron”)54,68,98,101,112116,119,122,124,248,250,251,256Shiye (Unemployed)298,299Shi yu chao (“Time and Tide”)196Shi Zhecun2526,28,65,111n60,309Shih, Shu-mei23Sholes, Aline60,69,101n23Shuang Shen170Si da tianwang (The Four Great Heavenly Kings)223“Silly Symphony”184,185n79Sinmay Zau34n68,48,54,81n106,110119,300,323n159Shao XunmeiSiporin, Mitchell258Siqueiros, David Alfaro129Snake and Woman (She yu furen)37,4142,43,4446Socialist Realism4,29,51,130132,151,179180,188191,193,205206,208209,212,214215,235,246,275,290,307,324under Chen, JackSong Qingling316Song Zhiqin231Soong, T.V. (Song Ziwen)228Soviet Art and Artists188Soviet Union/Russia (USSR/URSS)4,6,180,200,202,205,215,288Spectator, The204205,334Spies, Walter102,103n33Stalin, Joseph123,223,229,257,289,331Stanislavski, Constantin109,186Steichen, Edward28Steinway and Sons100Stewart, Maxwell S.71Storm Society ( Juelanshe)7,1718,5152,84,219n18,236237,243,244,266,325,327,333Strong, Anna Louise171Stück, Franz46,46n97,47,4849,90Die Sinnlichkeit (Sensuality)46,47Studio, The278,296n71Suibi erti (Two Random Jottings)25Sullivan, Michael132,169170n2,219n18Sun Company (Daxin gongsi),181,201,215220217261,303Sun Haoran (Gu Ba)239Sun Wukong248Sun Yat-sen180,183,229,230n60superealismSurrealismSurrealism193,205206,208international exhibition of 93and the manhua artists236244,307Swinburne, Algernon36,81“Symphonies Metropolitaines”2021Tagore, Rabindranath35“Talk with Pearl Buck, A”196,197Tang Ying (Tsufa Lee)6875,77,80Taohongse de xin youhuo (The New Allure of Peach-red Colour)234Tao Kangde111Ta xuyao jiaoyu ta de ernü (He Must Bring up His Children)310Te Wei96,226n44,310311,321Tannenbaum, Frank129131Thackeray, William Makepeace27Third Category of Person, The (Di-san zhong ren)330332Third Section of the Military Affairs Commission of the International Propaganda Department (Zhengzhibu san ting guoji xuanchuanchu)288Three Little Pigs184185Tiandiren (Heaven-Earth-Man)18,25,239Tian Han3536,8990Tiaoqing (Flirtation) 238T’ien Hsia Monthly6667,150152,169170,177,179,189191,195,225,235,261,295n70,297n75,298,300,333Tieshan gongzhu (Princess Iron Fan)321Time322Times, The26Tixiao yinyuan (Fate in Tears and Laughter)63Tokyo23,51,136,257Topolski, Feliks317Tour de l’Asie21Tour de la Terre: Extrême Orient21Trackless Train (Wugui lieche)23,31Treaty of Versailles143tres grandes, Los129Tretyakov, Sergei185n85186187Trud199Ukiyo-e (Pictures from the Floating World)144Ulysses28United States51,107,211,277Americaurban exoticism21urban landscape51Utley, Freda203,291Van Gogh, Vincent44Vanity Fair20,22,2530,57,77,95,98,100,103105,112,116117,122127,129n132,131,133134,141n14,157159,160,223,227,229,248,254,284,289,331Vanity Fair (novel)27Vaquero, Joquin23Vasutin, B.S.171Vie Parisienne, La26,256Vogue20,2527,57,75,77,123,128,252,254Voice of China150Wang BaochuanLady Precious StreamWang Dunqing12,27n48,220221,233,246,258Wang Lixi (Shelley Wang)203Wang Renmei185Wang xiansheng (Mr. Wang)810,77,176Ye QianyuWang Zimei2,1314,8590,117118,123,125,126n123,228describes Shao Xunmei8590Wan Brothers84,321Wan Guchan13,3435,321Wan Laiming13,35,72,84,266,269,291,321Wanxiang (“Van Jan”)9,22,24,25,54,56,8183,223,323“War—in Black and White”189Warburg Institute206Was Peterchens Freunde erzählen (What Peterkin’s Friends Say)135137Waugh, Evelyn66Wenhua (“The Culture Arts Review”)6,82Wenmingren de liwu (A Gift from Civilised People)266,268Wenxue yanjiuhui (The Literary Association)214215Wenyi huabao,18,22,25,2728,56,97,137,139,140,141142,144,157158,165,187,239240241242285,297,323,333and modern art and literature97Mu Shiying and Ye Lingfeng97and George Grosz137,141142and Lu Xun137,139,144Wen Yiduo67Wenxue zhoubao (Literature Weekly)13Wenyi zhendi (Art and Literature Battlefield)130,333Wen Yuanning219n18,235236,261Wescott, Glenway67Wheeler, Monroe67Whyte, Frederick203Wilde, Oscar3435Williams, Adriana98,103n30,106,110n59,112n65,115“Woman Volunteer”209,210Wong, Anna May61,62n25,123Wong, S.Y.69Woodcut Movement78,29,89,96,151,189,215,288289,294Wo ti ni fuchou (I Will Take Revenge for You)311,312World War One23,87,134,144World War Two170,275,278Wright, Patrick170Wu, Butterfly (Hu Die)63,185187Wugui liecheTrackless TrainWuhan government171“Wushi nian qian” (Fifty Years Ago)293Wu Tiecheng261,308Xianxian he suo si? (At Idle Times, of What do You Think?)146,147Xiao BideLittle PeterXiao Chen (Little Chen)176,200Mr. Wang and Little Chenxiaopinwen85,8788,142Xiaoquan (Fountain of Laughter)260Xia Yan286,287n43Xie Bingying116117Xie Qizhang126,230,235Xie Shoukang6465Xinbao64Xingdao ribao177,278,285,287n44,303,304,307311,312,313,314,322n157,323,325,333XingshiSex Histories“Xingzuo” (Constellation)285,309Xinhua ribao276,278,284n31,288291Xin qingnianNew YouthXin shidai yuekan (The New Era Monthly)64Xin wenyi (New Literature)33“Xin wutai” (The New Theatrical Stage)123,246248Xiong Shiyi6869“Xitele: ‘Qing ni rennai yixia, wo haiyao xiang dong qu de’ ” (“Hitler: ‘Please Bear with Me I Still Want to go East’ “)311Xixiangji (The Romance of the Western Chamber)294Xiyou manji (A Cartoon Record of a Journey to the West)321Xiyouji (Journey to the West)109,248,321Xu Beihong35n71,51,6465,81,187,291,318Xu Chi26,28,239,240n84,309Xu Dungu231Xu Ji222,224Xu Lai (Zee Lai)6364Xu Shiying258Xu Xu239,309Xu Weinan21,36Xu Zhimo28,36,65,67,71XXth Century, The174Yan’an30,235,245,246n97,276278,293,305visit of Hu Kao and Jack Chen303308YangshanJin ZhonghuaYang Taiyang237,243245,310Jingwu (Still Life)244Yanase Masamu136and Musan Kaikyū no Gaka Georuge Gurossu (The Proletarian Artist George Grosz)136Yang AiliYoung, OliveYan Zhexi125,126Yecan153,154Ye Lingfeng13,29,31,32,3334,36,84,97,142,287,298,309as the “Chinese Aubrey Beardsley”13,34,36,84and League of Left-wing Writers, The29and Shanghai manhua31,32,33,36and Wenyi huabao97,142and Xingdao ribao309Yellow Book, The35,54Ye Qianyu23,812,14,18,20,24,25,26,31,33,37,39,40,4142,43,4546,5051,54,7172,75,77,79,81,84,99,204206,108,111,117118,145146,156,165,169,176,212,222223,226,233,247,266,277,280,282,288,291,310311,318320,322323,325326,335and “Bringing up Father”8,10and Covarrubias99,104106,111,117118and the Cartoon Society12,14as fashion designer7172,75,76,77,79,325and foreign magazines20,26,104,247,318and Grosz156,165and Guohua14,318as photographer9,81Lüxing manhua (Travel Cartoons)105and Shanghai manhua18,37,39,40,4142,43,4546,50,145Tiantangji (A Record of Paradise)319and Mr. Wang9,77,176Mr. Wang and Little Chen89Yuhua (Lust)37,39,40Ye Zhicao239Yifeng (Art Trends)237Yibai ge yisheng (One Hundred Doctors)239,240Yi ge manhuajia de shijie youji (A Record of the World Travels of a Cartoonist)176Yihua yingpian gongsi (The Yihua Film Company)71Yinhe xingyu tu (Stars of the Silver Screen Bathing)126“Yishi xingtai” (Ideology)248Yishu san jia yan (Three Artists Speak on Art)49,231Yi zhou jian (In One Week)297Yongsheng (Life Eternal)175,215Young Companion, TheLiangyou huabaoYoung, Olive44Yu Dafu3435,53,6768,218n17,255,309,324325Yu Feng9697,108n50,280n13,287,320,325,332333,335Yu Gengyu53Yuguang qu (Song of the Fisherman)185Yunshang Fashion Company (Yunshang fuzhuang gongsi)7179,318Yu Suoya311Yu Youren228Zapatistas130Zazhinian (Magazine Year)115Zeng Pu21,50Zeng Xubai21,36“Zhandi suxie” (Sketches of the Battleground)304,313Zhang Bailu228Zhang Chongwen22,137138,148,151,157,165Zhang Daqian277,291,318319Zhang Derong291Zhang Ding305Zhang E4,99,145,155,156,165,176n43,215,245,305Zhang Guangyu24,12,14,18,20,2526,37,39,51,54,75,80,8285,97,99,104,106,108109,111,113,117118,122124,134,168,194,212,220,222223,226,228,233,247248,254,277,282,293,296,300,310,320,321,325,328,332,335and the Cartoon Society12,14as commercial artist72and his cover design for Manhuajie262272and Covarrubias3,111,113debt to Covarrubias4,97,99,105,117119,122124,134,254,320,328,332as designer26,8083“Eating Crabs at Soochow”111and the First National Cartoon Exhibition212,220,222223,233and foreign magazines20,26,104“If”122as photographer84and Shanghai manhua18,37,38,39,51,75,262,263and the revamp of Shanghai manhua194Zhang Jingsheng259Zhang Kebiao37,111n60Zhang Ruogu2122,36,4951,58,65,68,116,120,231Zhang Shanzi277,291Zhang Wenyuan222,258Zhang Zhenhou84Zhang Zhenyu (Zhang Zhengyu)23,12,14,18,19,26,3637,54,65,68,75,8085,99,108109,111114,124,145,220,226229,233,239,335and the Cartoon Society12,14change of name to Zhang Zhengyu14,85,124and Covarrubias68,99,111,113114,124as designer8085and the First National Cartoon Exhibition220,233,262n133and Paolo Garretto26,227,229 and Shanghai manhua18,145and surrealism239n80,239,240Zhang ZhengyuZhang ZhenyuZhao Cheng56Zhao Shou237Zheng Shengtian132,321n151Zhenmeishan shudian21Zhongguo Haolaiwu (Chinese Hollywood)125,126Zhongguo meishuhui (Chinese Fine Art Association)310Zhonghua gongheguo renmin geming zhengfuPeople’s Revolutionary Government of the Chinese Republic (1933–)34Zhonghua quanguo manhuajie jiuwang hui (The All China Cartoon Committee for Resistance Against the Enemy)9Zhonghua quanguo meishujie kangdi xiehui (All China Artists Committee for Resistance Against the Enemy)5Zhonghua quanguo mukejie kangri xiehui (The Resist the Enemy Committee of the All China Woodcut Circle [RECACWC])290Zhonghua sheyingshe (Chinese Photography Society)80Zhong Jingzhi305Zhou Duo18,56n11,239240,242,333Zhou Enlai280Zhou Shoujuan73Zhou Zuoren67Zhu Jinlou194Zhu Mengshu49Zhu Weiji68Zhu Yingpeng4849,58,231Ziluolan huabao (Violet Pictorial)73Zimeihua (Twin Sisters)185Ziyoutan (“Candid Comment”)54,301,322n154Zou Taofen175,215zur Mühlen, Hermynia122,135n2,141n14

A Modern Miscellany

Shanghai Cartoon Artists, Shao Xunmei’s Circle and the Travels of Jack Chen, 1926-1938

Series:

Table of Contents
Index Card
References
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