Note on Sources
The research for this book was enriched by a significant amount of material sourced from archives. This unique corpus of unpublished material includes: correspondence between Jack Chen and David Low (1891–1963) now in the David Low Papers, held at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University, which also houses letters sent by Shao Xunmei to Bernadine Fritz; letters sent by Jack Chen to his sister Sylvia Chen, housed at the Tamiment Library, New York University; the papers of the Artists’ International Association, in the Tate Gallery Archives, London, the consultation of which proved invaluable in the writing of the final chapters of this study; and the Hahn Manuscript Archive in the Lilly Library, Indiana University, which includes correspondence between Shao Xunmei and Emily Hahn (1905–97).
On the visual side, the Archivo Miguel Covarrubias—Sala de Archivos y Colecciones Especiales, Universidad de las Américas Puebla (The Miguel Covarrubias Archives—Archives and Special Collections, University of the Americas-Puebla) is home to an important collection of images, referral to which proved important for the research. The valuable online resource provided by the British Cartoon Archive was also useful for the tracing the cartoons of David Low. Most significantly, a collection of prints and drawings once in the possession of Jack Chen and now in the collection of the British Museum has proved an important source of information about Chen’s touring exhibition and access to this has proved invaluable for the writing of Part Three of this book.
Following a period of fieldwork in the USA, in the libraries of New York University, Columbia University, and University of California Los Angeles, a large corpus of primary source material, in the form of pictorials, magazines and newspapers was scrutinized at the Shanghai Library, the Library of Fudan University and Hong Kong Central Library on two fieldwork trips to China and Hong Kong in 2011 and 2012. English-language newspapers such as the North-China Daily News, China Press and the Shanghai Evening Post and Mercury as well as the Japanese Nichi nichi shimbun 日日新聞 and Mainichi shimbun 每日新聞, the French-language Journal de Shanghai were also consulted in the Shanghai Library’s Bibliotheca Zi-ka-wei. Many Chinese language newspapers were also examined: Shenbao申報 (“The Shun Pao”), Dagongbao 大公報 (“Ta Kung Pao” also known as “L’Impartial”), and Libao 立報 (“Lih Pao”). These have been surveyed for general news coverage relevant to this study and for information concerning specific events such as the First National Cartoon