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Secondary Literature

  • R. J. Abisaab “Migration and Social Change: The ʿUlamā of Ottoman Jabal ʿĀmil in Safavid Iran 1501–1736” (Ph.D. thesis Yale University 1998).

  • F. Ādamiyyat and H. Nāṭiq Afkār-e ijtimāʿī va siyāsī va iqtisādī dar āthār-e muntāshirnashudih-ye dawrān-e Qājār (Tehran1356sh/1977).

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  • I. Afshār ed. Qabāla-ye tārikh (Tehran1990/1368).

  • R. AfshariHuman Rights in Iran. The Abuse of Cultural Relativism (Philadelphia2001).

  • K. S. AghaieThe Women of Karbala: ritual performance and symbolic discourses in modern shiʾi Islam (Austin2005).

  • M. ĀjudāniMashruta-ye irāni (Tehran2003–4/1382).

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