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1 A dead fly on p. 274[374]. I/239. New York, NY: Columbia University Augustus C. Long Health Sciences Library. Call. No.: QM21.V473 1543 .c3 2

2 Vesalius’ note of donation to Stephanus Lagus on the front pastedown. I/56. Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Bonn.

Call No.: Ra 2’ 21/1 Rara 7

3 Annotation praising the creator on p. 215. I/52. Bamberg: Staatsbibliothek Bamberg. Call No.: Anat.f.2-a 12

4 Price of the Fabrica on front flyleaf verso. I/4. Antwerp: Erfgoedbibliotheek Hendrick Conscience. Call No.: J 5833 14

5 A note on the price of the Fabrica and quotes from Boerhaave on the back pastedown. II/27. Besançon: Bibliothèque municipale de Besançon. Call No.: Fonds ancien 11371 15

6 Contemporary binding by Master David of Kraków for King Sigismund August II. I/132. Wrocław: Ossolineum. Call No.: XVI f. 13820 19

7 A binding for Thomas Herbert, 8th Earl of Pembroke. I/215. Chicago: Newberry Library. Call No.: Case 6A 156 20

8 Contemporary binding from 1550 with the monogram “W. L. N.” I/52. Bamberg: Staatsbibliothek Bamberg. Call No.: Anat.f.2–a 21

9 Hans Guldenmundt. Anatomia oder abconterfeyung eines Weybs Leib. Nuremberg, after 1532. Pasted onto the back pastedown of I/53.

Berlin: Deutsches Historisches Museum. Call No.: RB 92/2221 22

10 Hand-colored frontispiece. I/67. Koblenz: Bibliothek des Staatlichen Görres-Gymnasiums 23

11 Hand-colored initial on a2r. II/100. Münster: Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Münster. Call No.: RHain B 1 25

12 Hand-colored initial on p. 1. I/76. Budapest: Semmelweis University Central Library. Call No.: M/V-7 25

13 Woodcut of the vagina with hand-colored labia and annotations on p. 584. II/P14. Private Collection 26

14 Hand-colored woodcuts facilitating the identification of internal organs on p. 365[465]. I/78. Dublin: Trinity College Library.

Call No.: k.a.21. Credit: The Board of Trinity College Dublin, the University of Dublin 27

15 Hand-colored woodcut of the muscles of the penis with identifications of the characters on p. 225. I/83. Fermo:

Biblioteca Civica Romolo Spezioli. Call No.: 1 e 7 n. 1582 28

16 Adolphus Occo Atan’s note of donation to Johannes von Schellenberg of Hüfingen, Stauffen and Randegg on the front flyleaf. II/89. Konstanz: Heinrich-Suso-Gymnasium.

Call No.: Jb 32X 31

17 A copy of Philipp Melanchthon’s poem on the Fabrica on the front flyleaf. I/77. Pécs: University of Pécs, Klimó Library.

Call No.: II. I. 16 34

18 A Jesuit copy censoring the name of the printer on the frontispiece. II/146. Sassari: Biblioteca universitari di Sassari. Call No.: ANTICO 5 C 89 39

19 A variety of notes of donation by Osler, and correspondence related to it. I/245. New York, NY: New York Academy of Medicine Library. Call No.: Osler Copy 49

20 Annotation marking when the reader studied the section on the hymen on p. 654. II/121. Dublin: Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Mercer Library 58

21 Annotation on hemorrhoidal bleeding on p. 538. I/233. Los Angeles: University of California Los Angeles Library, Biomedical Library, History and Special Collections for the Sciences. Call No.: Biomed BENJ ** WZ 240 V631dh 1543 60

22 Note on Galen’s errors related to the superior maxilla on p. 39. I/104. Rome: Biblioteca Interdipartimentale di Scienze Odontostomatologiche e Organi di Senso—Sapienza Roma.

Call No.: PRF 38 63

23 Counting the number of the bones on p. 188. II/76. Göttingen: Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen. Call No.: GR 2 ZOOL XI 4423 RARA 63

24 Annotation on a historia about the spleen on p. 627. Paris: Bibliothèque Mazarine, Call No.: 2° 4472 65

25 Note of donation by Guillaume de Vergeur on front flyleaf. I/43. Reims: Bibliothèque municipale de Reims. Call No.: Rés. GG 27 67

26 An early “et amicorum” note on the frontispiece. I/15. Montreal: McGill University, Osler Library. Call No.: folio V575a 1543 68

27 Note of donation from Henricus Petri on front flyleaf. II/268.

London: University College London. Call No.: Strong Room C FOLIO 1555 V27 69

28 Letter on the death of Vesalius by Johannes Metellus to Arnold Birckmann on the front pastedown. II/64. Berlin: Humboldt Universität. Call No.: 2000/C1 1 71

29 Letter on the death of Vesalius by Johannes Metellus to Arnold Birckmann before the frontispiece. II/P14. Private Collection 71

30 The autobiography of Erasmus Nicolai on the colophon. II/229. Västerås: Västerås City Library. Call No.: Stiftsbiblioket, P.O.D. VII 72

31 An osteological poem by Antoine Valet on the front flyleaf. II/28. Bordeaux: Bibliothèque de Mériadeck. Call No.: S 759 74–75

32 Portrait of Vesalius with horoscope and poems by Erasmus Flock on *6v. I/67. Koblenz: Bibliothek des Staatlichen Görres-Gymnasiums 76

33 Annotation on the birth and death of Vesalius on the frontispiece. II/76. Göttingen: Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen.

Call No.: GR 2 ZOOL XI 4423 RARA 77

34 Various accounts of Vesalius’ death on the back pastedown. II/16. London, ON: Western University Benson Special Collections.

Call No.: QM21.V418 1555 77

35 Annotations on the woodcuts of the skulls on p. 21. II/116. Budapest: ELTE University Library and Archive. Call No.: Ant. 7382 79

36 A moralizing poem next to the skeleton man on p. 163. I/150. Stockholm: National Library of Sweden. Call No.: RAR: 146 C Fol 81

37 Corrections of characters “N” and “O” on p. 320[420]. I/25. Angers: Bibliothèque municipale d’Angers. Call No.: Rés SA 2570 82

38 Note on the omission of the explanation of characters “F, F” on p. 279. I/79. Jerusalem: National Library of Israel. Call No.: R2=FR954 82

39 Paul Eber adds character “K” to the woodcut on p. 356[456]. I/174. Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Call No.: Bookstore VES 83

40 Diagrammatic representation of the portal vein on p. 444. II/5. Vienna: Bibliothek der Albertina. Call No.: Cimelien Fach I, 10 84

41 The characters of the woodcut highlighted in color. II/79. Halle: Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt. Call No.: UB 213a 2o 85

42 A hand-drawn illustration of vision on p. 324[424]. I/126. Enkhuizen: Librije Westerkerk Enkhuizen. Call No.: F 160 87

43 An added drawing of the eye on p. 648. I/79. Jerusalem: National Library of Israel. Call No.: R2=FR954 87

44 Annotations identifying the bones of the skeleton man on p. 203. II/267. London: University College London. Call No.: Strong Room C FOLIO 1555 V2 88

45 Identifying a complex system of vessels of the portal vein. II/31. Caen : Université de Caen Basse-Normandie. Call No.: 1639 89

46 Annotations of the woodcut of the spinal column on p. 71. II/105. Rostock: Universitätsbibliothek Rostock. Call No.: Mb-1 90

47 Identification of the fundus of the uterus in Italian on p. 380[480]. I/12. São Paulo: Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas. Call No.: QM21 V575dh 1543 91

48 Annotations to the woodcut of the skull on p. 36. I/223. Galveston, TX: University of Texas Medical Branch. Courtesy of the Truman G. Blocker, Jr. History of Medicine Collections, Moody Medical Library, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston 92

49 Annotation in F. J. Cole’s hand on the kidney on p. 515. I/196. University of Reading Special Collections, Cole Library. Call No.:

COLE – 427F 93

50 Annotation on Calcar’s authorship on p. 163. I/65. Jena: Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek. Call No.: 2 Med. XIV, 4 94

51 Annotation on familiarity with people who could move their ears on p. 242. I/135. Coimbra: Universidade de Coimbra Biblioteca Geral.

Call No.: 4 A-21-14-1 96

52 Annotation with a personal observation on p. 476. II/59. Strasbourg: Université de Strasbourg Médecine et Odontologie. Call No.: JR 277 [extant] 97

53 Marginal notes next to the passage discussing how to predict the sex of a child on p. 530. I/142. Barcelona: Real Academia de Medicine de Cataluña. Call No.: B-RAM 1–113 97

54 Annotation referring to the reader’s observations in Padova on p. 523. I/248. Philadelphia, PA: The College of Physicians of Philadelphia. Call No.: ZAd 2 98

55 Annotation praising Aristotle on the basis of personal observation in Padova on p. 736. II/P12. Private Collection 99

56 Annotation on Galen’s ignorance on *3v. I/73. Oldenburg: Landesbibliothek Oldenburg. Call No.: NW III 3 A 110 100

57 Annotations noting the refutation of Galen’s opinions on the penis on p. 650. II/238. Neuchâtel: Bibliothèque publique et universitaire de Neuchâtel. Call No.: ZU 65 101

58 Annotation on Galen’s opinions in De usu partium on p. 729. II/148. Siena: Biblioteca dell’Accademia dei Fisiocritici Onlus. Call No.: AB 031 102

59 Reference to Goethe’s work on the maxilla on p. 53. II/270. London: Wellcome Collection. Call No.: EPB 6562/D/1 104

60 Critical note on Vesalius’ reliance on animal models on p. 674. London: Wellcome Collection. Call No.: EPB 6562/D/1 104

61 Suggestive ink spots added to the woodcut of male genitalia on p. 374[474]. I/135. Coimbra: Universidade de Coimbra, Biblioteca Geral. Call No.: 4 A-21-14-1 107

62 Underlining and note where sexual pleasure deriving from enlarged labia is discussed on p. 537. I/130. Utrecht: Utrecht University Library. Call No.: M fol 92 (Rariora) 108

63 Underlinings and manicule next to a quote from Plato’s Timaeus on the passions on p. 639. II/328. Newark, NJ: Rutgers University 109

64 Annotation “Deo nisus” on the frontispiece. I/72. Münster: Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Münster. Call No.: 2’ Vb 201 110

65 Reference to Deuteronomy 22 on p. 654. II/105. Rostock: Universitätsbibliothek Rostock. Call No.: Mb-1 110

66 Note on the involuntary control of uterine muscles on p. 532. I/161. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Library. Call No.: pi f611 Ves 1 111

67 A copy of Paul Eber’s poem under the portrait of Vesalius on *6v. I/77. Pécs: University of Pécs, Klimó Library. Call No.: II. I. 16 113

68 Notes on corrected typographical errors and corrections of typos in the errata list. I/169. Cambridge: Darwin College 114

69 Xylander’s correction of the errata on p. 153. II/315. Galveston, TX: University of Texas Medical Branch. Courtesy of the Truman G. Blocker, Jr. History of Medicine Collections, Moody Medical Library, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston 115

70 Xylander’s corrections of typos in the errata list. II/315. Galveston, TX: University of Texas Medical Branch. Courtesy of the Truman G. Blocker, Jr. History of Medicine Collections, Moody Medical Library, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston 116

71 Extensive summaries of the contents of the Fabrica’s seven books on *4v. I/21. Prague: National Library of the Czech Republic. Call No.: 65 B 230 118

72 Page numbers corrected for the uterus in the index. II/166. Groningen: University of Groningen Library. Call No.: uklu KW C 569 119

73 Oporinus’ name censored and highlighted on *5r. I/35. Paris: Bibliothèque Mazarine, Call No.: 2° 4471 122

74 Note of censorship by Josep Besora on the frontispiece. II/208. Universitat de Barcelona CRAI Biblioteca de Reserva. Call No.: 07 CM-4133 123

75 Censorship and manicule calling attention to the censorship on p. 538. I/110. Venice: Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana. Call No.: 221 D 20 124

76 License to read from Thomas Orphinus in Rome. I/256. Rochester, MN: Mayo Clinic W. Bruce Fye History of Medicine Library 125

77 A censored muscle man on p. 218. II/30. Bourges: Bibliothèque des Quatre Piliers. Call No.: B 2338 127

78 Censored muscle man on p. 210. II/116. Budapest: ELTE University Library and Archive. Call No.: Ant. 7382 129

79 Identifications of the soporalis arteria on p. 295. I/23. Copenhagen: Royal Library. Call No.: Med. An. 15000 00058 145

80 Illustration of the arm from Berengario’s Isagoge after p. 48. Angers: Bibliothèque municipale d’Angers. Call No.: Rés SA 2570bis 147

81 A hand-colored historiated initial on p. 3. Montpellier: Médiathèques Montpellier. Call No.: C769 151

82 Hand-colored portrait of Vesalius on *6v. I/43. Reims: Bibliothèque municipale de Reims. Call No.: Rés. GG 27 156

83 Skeleton man on p. 164. I/67. Koblenz: Bibliothek des Staatlichen Görres-Gymnasiums 166

84 Hans Guldenmundt’ Der Bawren Kalender Auff das Jar MDXXXX pasted onto the back pastedown. I/76. Budapest: Semmelweis University Central Library. Call No.: M/V-7 176

85 Travel instructions for Italy on the back pastedown. I/77. Pécs: University of Pécs Klimó Library. Call No.: II. I. 16 177

86 Highlighting and navigating the text in many colors on p. 275[375]. I/78. Dublin: Trinity College Library. Call No.: k.a.21. Credit: The Board of Trinity College Dublin, the University of Dublin 179

87 A horoscope of Vesalius under the author’s portrait on *6v. I/79. Jerusalem: National Library of Israel. Call No.: R2=FR954 181

88 Hand-colored muscle man with identifications of the characters. I/83. Fermo: Biblioteca Civica Romolo Spezioli.

Call No.: 1 e 7 n. 1582 184

89 The possessor’s note of Nicolaes Tulp on the front flyleaf.

I/125. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam Library.

Call No.: OTM: 974 A 13 198

90 Binder’s waste now preserved separately from the volume. I/126. Enkhuizen: Librije Westerkerk Enkhuizen. Call No.: F 160 200

91 A moralizing poem next to the skeleton man on p. 164. I/150. Stockholm: National Library of Sweden. Call No.: RAR: 146 C Fol 215

92 Hand-colored frontispiece. I/153. Basel: Universitätsbibliothek Basel. Call No.: AN I 15 217

93 Hand-colored historiated initial with floral miniature. I/153. Basel: Universitätsbibliothek Basel. Call No.: AN I 15 218

94 Handwritten facsimile pages 6 and 7 to replace the missing printed text. I/169. Cambridge: Darwin College 224

95 Contemporary binding with portraits of the Reformers. I/174. Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Call No.: Bookstore VES 227

96 Melanchthon’s poem on the human body. I/204. Bethesda, MD: National Library of Medicine. Call No.: NLM 2295005. Courtesy of the National Library of Medicine 243

97 Hand-colored frontispiece. I/214. University of North Carolina—Chapel Hill. Call No.: QS 4 V575 1543 249

98 Hand-colored portrait of Vesalius. I/214. University of North Carolina—Chapel Hill. Call No.: QS 4 V575 1543 250

99 Hand-colored version of the vena cava on p. 268[368]. I/217. Chicago: University of Chicago, Regenstein Library Special Collections.

Call No.: alc QM21.V588 c2 252

100 Hand-drawn highlighting of the geometry of bones on p. 87. I/223. Galveston, TX: University of Texas Medical Branch. Courtesy of the Truman G. Blocker, Jr. History of Medicine Collections, Moody Medical Library, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston 255

101 An unbound copy in contemporary parchment wrapping. I/245.

New York, NY: New York Academy of Medicine Library. Call No.: Lambert Copy 267

102 License to read on p. 1. I/260. San Antonio, TX: University of Texas Health Science Center P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library 274

103 Note on Titian next to the skeleton man on p. 205. II/8. Vienna: Universitätsbibliothek der Medizinischen Universität Josephinische Bibliothek. Call No.: JB 855b 283

104 Poems by Antoine Valet on a6v. II/28. Bordeaux: Bibliothèque de Mériadeck. Call No.: S 759 293

105 A censored male torso on p. 572. II/30. Bourges: Bibliothèque des Quatre Piliers. Call No.: B 2338 294

106 Identifying a complex system of arteries on p. 483. II/31. Caen: Université de Caen Basse-Normandie. Call No.: 1639 295

107 Binding of Johann Schöner from 1631. II/64. Bamberg: Staatsbibliothek Bamberg. Call No.: Anat.f.2-d 308

108 Contemporary binding from 1590 incorporating a medieval manuscript. II/85. Jena: Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek. Call No.: 2 Med. XIV, 6 316

109 Portrait of Emperor Charles V on the front cover. II/93. Lüneburg: Ratsbücherei Lüneburg. Call No: Sa 2º 320

110 Armorial ex-dono of the Mainz archbishop-elector Daniel Brendel von Homburg to the Mainz Jesuits. II/ 95. Mainz: Wissenschaftliche Stadtbibliothek Mainz. Call No.: II i/2º / 1128 322

111 Skeleton man with annotation on the radius on p. 203. II/107. Steinfurt: Gymnasium Arnoldinum. Call No.: Med. Fo. G 1 327

112 Censorship of the muscles of the penis on p. 292[392]. II/116. Budapest: ELTE University Library and Archive. Call No.: Ant. 7382 332

113 Sheet from Andreas Vesalius, Tabulae sex. 1538, bound between a6v and p. 1. II/154. Vicenza: Biblioteca Civica Bertoliana. Call No.: H 019 009 001 345

114 Possessor’s notes including those of Rembert Dodoens and Jacques de Gheyn II on the front flyleaf. II/171. Utrecht: Utrecht University Library. Call No.: MAG: M fol 3 352

115 Note of donation by Andreas Morenberg on the front pastedown. II/178. Elbląg: Elbląg Municipal Library. Call No.: Ob.6.IV.98 356

116 Early recipe inserted between pp. 558 and 559. II/182. Kraków: Jagiellonian University Library. Call No.: Mag. ST. Dr. 948101 IV 358

117 Fore-edge with title painted on it. II/216. Toledo: Biblioteca Capitular de Toledo. Call No.: BCT 78–10 373

118 Contemporary binding with portrait of Melanchthon. II/229. Västerås: Västerås City Library. Call No.: Stiftsbiblioket, P.O.D. VII 380

119 Frontispiece with missing textblock. II/238. Neuchâtel: Bibliothèque publique et universitaire de Neuchâtel. Call No.: ZU 65 385

120 Annotations by William Hunter on extra sheet between pp. 12 and 13. II/253. Glasgow: University of Glasgow Library Special Collections. Call No.: Sp Coll Hunterian Z.1.11 393

121 Annotation adding German terminology on p. 607. II/267.

London: University College London. Call No: Strong Room C FOLIO 1555 V2 399

122 Partially hand-colored skull on p. 28. II/268. London: University College London. Call No.: Strong Room C FOLIO 1555 V27 401

123 A variety of notes on Vesalius in French from around 1840 on the front flyleaf. II/270. London: Wellcome Collection. Call No.: EPB 6562/D/1 403

124 A ship drawn on the horizon in the printer’s mark. II/299. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Houghton Library. Call No.: f *FC5.V6305.543dc 416

125 Techniques of identification on p. 197. II/315. Galveston, TX: University of Texas Medical Branch. Courtesy of the Truman G. Blocker, Jr. History of Medicine Collections, Moody Medical Library, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston 425

126 Poem by Paul Eber and notes on Vesalius on the front flyleaf. II/325. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Eskind Biomedical Library.

Call No.: Folio c. 1. Shelved by title 429

127 Annotations on the length of the vagina on p. 584. II/328. Newark, NJ: Rutgers University 431

128 Benito Arias Montano’s poem on Vesalius under the portrait of the author on a6v. II/338. Philadelphia, PA: Library Company of Philadelphia. Call No.: *Six Vesa Log 30.F 437

129 A reader highly critical of Vesalius on p. 33. II/P9. Private Collection 477

130 Annotation on Galen’s ignorance of the muscles of the penis on p. 650. II/P12. Private Collection 481

131 Lectures notes by Chytraeus on front flyleaf. II/P14. Private Collection 483

132 Contemporary binding with the portrait of Emperor Maximilian by the Wittenberg bookbinder Hans Schreiber (d. 1570) and the Wittenberg bookbinder Severin Rötter. II/P16. Private Collection 487

Table

1 Exemplars with partial or complete hand-coloring 28

Graphs

1 Professional and institutional distribution of owners in 1600 32

2 Professional and institutional distribution of owners in 1700 37

3 Professional and institutional distribution of owners in 1800 44

4 Professional and institutional distribution of owners in 1900 50

5 Frequency of annotated copies for each page of the Fabrica. Design by Bill Rankin 62

6 Frequency of annotated copies for each page, averaged for each book 64

7 Frequency of different types of annotation 78

8 Frequency of references to other authors in the Fabrica 99

Maps

1 Geographic distribution of the Fabrica around 1600. Map by Bill Rankin 36

2 Geographic distribution of the Fabrica around 1700. Map by Bill Rankin 41

3 Geographic distribution of the Fabrica around 1800. Map by Bill Rankin 42

4 Geographic distribution of the Fabrica around 1900. Map by Bill Rankin 47

5 Geographic distribution of the Fabrica in 2017. Map by Bill Rankin 52

The Fabrica of Andreas Vesalius

A Worldwide Descriptive Census, Ownership, and Annotations of the 1543 and 1555 Editions

Series: