9 Regionalization of Human Rights: A Critique of the Arab Human Rights Committee

in The Asian Yearbook of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
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Since its establishment in 1945 the United Nations (UN) provided the international community with international human rights norms and principles to promote and protect human rights. Recognizing that implementation of human rights at the international level has been weak, regional human rights mechanisms have been promoted to disseminate international human rights standards at a more intermediate level. Despite efforts of specialized committees within the UN and regional bodies, the process towards establishing regional human rights mechanisms that conform with international standards has been difficult and as the case of the Arab League illustrate, can be prolonged for decades. This article aims at critically assessing the Arab League’s regional human rights system. It will analyze the main enforcement mechanism of the Arab Charter on Human Rights (2004), the Arab Human Rights Committee. It will also examine the enforcement mechanisms provided by international human rights treaties, and regional human rights organizations currently taking a dominant role in each of their respective regions. An attempt is made to highlight some of the positive measures presented at the international and regional level; this may inspire the drafters of the Arab Charter on Human Rights to reconsider some of the provisions of the Charter and strengthen the enforcement mechanism it has adopted. 

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