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Indexaborigines339–340, 376Adam25–26, 153, 157, 206, 327, 330Aeneid388–389aerodynamics48, 59agricultureix, 5, 12–13, 221, 308, 382Agrippa, Henricus Cornelius161–163Ainux, 37, 39–40, 45, 89–96, 110, 356–357, 375, 381, 383alchemy34, 42, 334n66alétheia (ἀλήθεια)264Alexander the Great153, 302alternative historyviiiama no iwafune (天の岩船, lit. “stone boat of the cosmos”)92anagoge (ἀναγωγή)306–307anatomy129Anaxagoras9, 11, 116anazétesis (ἀναζήτησις)238Antarcticavii, 177, 180antediluvian civilizations28, 177, 178n2, 284–285, 323n33, 334, 335n69, 336–337Antikythera Mechanism6–9, 14, 87Aphrodisias, Alexander116Apollonius of Rhodes369Apuleius117–120, 122Arabs4, 74, 77, 79, 87–88, 102, 159–160, 172n202, 334Arabian Nights, The3, 7, 42, 77n121, 104, 107–108, 129, 152–153, 168–169, 299, 302, 303n119, 304, 326, 335, 360Arcadians369–371archaeology and archaeological evidenceviii, ixn2, 2n1, 20n38, 37–38, 282, 340n88Archimedes120architectureix, 4–5, 8, 12, 79, 81, 85, 98, 116, 120, 234–235, 249, 257, 270–271, 296, 308, 312n6, 359Archytas of Tarentum52–54, 72, 86Aristotle10n14, 18, 25, 116, 204, 210, 250, 289–290, 297, 349, 385armillary sphere67–68, 72ars cabalistica163Aryan civilisations25astronomyix, 7–9, 11–12, 87, 169, 193, 212, 308, 319, 322–323, 330, 333, 336, 377, 382Athens184, 186, 189–190, 213, 218–219, 221n105, 224, 238, 243–244, 249, 252, 256, 260, 267, 289–290Atlantes (Ἄτλαντες)236–237Atlantic Ocean181, 187, 202–204, 210, 236–237, 255, 384–385Aurelius, Marcus309–310Australia146n110, 339, 376automata(robots)3, 7, 54, 86, 105, 128, 303, 361–362Babylonians252, 326, 328, 336Bacon, Francis5, 163–166, 357, 366–368,Bacon, Roger42–43, 69–70, 88, 159–160Baopuzi Neipian (抱朴子內篇 “Master Embracing Simplicity — Inner Chapters”)47, 49–50bellows65–66Bian Que (扁鵲)138–139, 142birdsbird flight40, 42–44, 47–48, 66, 84, 110, 357bird voices and speech164, 169bird with scrying mirror151–152birds drawing flying cars50mechanical birds and flying machines in the form of birds52, 55–56, 58–60, 78, 80–81, 87, 89, 99–100, 111, 113Garuda; rukhBlavatsky, Helena Petrovna20–21, 24–29, 32–34Bodde, Derek389–391Bowuzhi (博物志 “Record of Investigation of Things”)45Brihatkatha (“Great Story”)78–79Brisson, Luc235n11, 238n120, 264n205, 266n211, 268n218, 387Brumbaugh, Robert S.250–251Buddha140, 156Bulwer-Lytton, Edward28“camera angle”4, 15camera obscura162canoes41, 100–101, 135Canterbury Tales, The102, 357Čapek, Karl324–325carpenters77–78Carthaginians179–180, 210cartographyvii, 25n19, 20, 74, 153, 206–207Cassian, John335cataclysms and cataclysmic theories2, 4, 194, 196–198, 210, 217, 311, 327, 335, 383catastrophe25, 35–36, 220, 259, 271, 303, 315catoptromancy114, 140, 161, 175Censorinus371–372Chaldaeans328–329Chaucer, Geoffreyviii, 4, 102–105, 108–109, 128, 169–170, 299–300, 357–359Cheonhado (天下圖 “Map of [the World] Beneath the Heavens”)207Chiri, Mashiho92, 94Cosmas Indicopleustes205–207Chūryō, Morishima (森島中良)69Cicero7–8, 274City of Brass3, 7, 39, 299, 302–304, 324, 326, 358, 360–362, 374Clay, Diskin182, 211, 243collapse (civilizational)2, 4, 6, 245, 299, 382, 391–392computers135, 310, 312, 377Confucianism73, 390constellations173n207, 313Coomaraswamy, Ananda268–269cradles89–90, 93–95, 110, 136Crantor261, 263Crete181–182, 258, 290Critchlow, Keith373–374Ctesibius of Alexandria116cultural memory217, 285, 312, 326, 332, 345, 368, 389Cup of Jamšid153cyclical model of history1, 3–4Cyclopes289–290d’Amiens, Girart105da Vinci, Leonardo40, 43, 59, 60n65, 89, 106–107Daedalus197dance330, 376–377Daoism and Daoists1, 44, 47–48, 50, 66, 125, 125n34, 133n65, 137n81, 173–174, 354, 363–365, 374, 390de Gandía, Enriqueviideep time16, 197, 200–201, 239, 255, 366n45, 371deities44, 47, 76, 89–94, 97, 110–111, 153, 236, 305, 319, 356deluge(flood)30, 33, 206, 301, 327, 332–334, 367diagnosis138–139divination114, 135, 140, 151, 155, 314n10, 369dragons43, 47–48, 50–51, 56, 68, 90, 111–112, 126–127, 137, 159Duan Chengshi (段成式)130Duckworth, George Eckel388–389, 389n107Duyang Zabian (杜陽雜編 “Compilation of Miscellanea from Duyang”)136–137, 173earthquakes188, 209, 219, 224, 262–263, 275, 279–282, 285–286, 301, 314, 338, 367encoding9, 13, 218, 257, 308, 311–314, 316, 318, 325, 336n72, 339, 351, 378, 378n83Egyptian priests(Egpytians)184, 189, 191, 217–218, 221–222, 262–263, 265, 316, 318, 329Egyptians(Egyptian priests)3, 14–15, 115, 216–217, 252, 255, 289–290, 319, 328–329, 333, 336, 368Enoch32–34, 330, 362Enosh330–331epics93, 257, 312Epicurus116, 119epistemology6, 17, 41, 48, 68, 78, 349, 385Eratosthenes240–241Erikson, Kai T.315Escuela Argentina de ProtocartografíaviiEthiopia86, 241Euclid171Euhemerus201, 338, 346, 390Fagan, Garrett G.36n95, 37–39fei che (飛車, “flying vehicle”)41, 43, 58, 67, 101, 110–111,fei tian (飛天, “flying being”)41, 44, 75, 101feng gui (風櫃, lit. “wind cabinet”)57–58, 72Saussure, Ferdinand de317, 388–389Fernel, Jean174–175, 365–366Fessenden, Reginald A.30Finley, Moses392–393Fischer, J.L.272, 297, 300Five Strange Wonders, in the North and West of England, The89folk taxonomy378flood(deluge)33–34, 205, 331, 334–335, 379flying canoes41, 100–101, 135flying carpets94–95, 167–168Foucault, Michel393Galen12, 327Gallez, PaulviiGaruda(birds)76–78Ge Hong (葛洪)1, 47–49Gellius, Aulus52–54, 86–87, 120–121geography102, 203–205, 208–212, 234, 236–237, 248, 255–257, 260–261, 267, 308, 332, 385geology224, 237, 239–243, 255, 270, 281, 314, 340, 379Gesta Romanorum (“Deeds of the Romans”)166, 167n178giants28, 236, 272, 284–292, 294–299, 301–302, 307, 356, 363Gill, Christopher182, 213, 242–245, 256–257, 264–267, 322Glaucon271, 274, 276–280, 291, 293, 295, 297–299golden age2–3, 259, 353, 354n4, 355, 363, 365Golden Ratio388Grammaticus, Saxo295Greene, Mott T.4, 15, 320n25, 347Gujing Ji (古鏡記 “Record of an Ancient Mirror”)124–126, 146, 148Haiguo Tuzhi (海國圖志 “Illustrated Gazetteer of the Maritime Nations”)64, 67, 69, 72Hancock, Grahamviii, 12, 19–20, 36, 38Hapgood, Charlesvii, viii, 19, 347Hart, Clive88Hebrew284, 336Heilbroner, Robert L.18–19helicopters48, 60, 62Hermeticism27, 292Herodotus190, 204, 236–237, 241, 265, 267, 273–274, 277–279, 283, 286, 291, 299–302, 306n134Heron of Alexandria86–87, 123Hesperides236–237Hindu nationalism150Hippolytus240, 369Hirth, Friedrich131, 133–135Historia de las cosas de Nueva España151history of cartographyvii, 74Homer184, 203, 212, 257, 262, 286–287, 329, 348, 387hominids341n93, 345, 369Homo faber 1Homo floresiensis340Homo sapiens 1–2, 346, 379Hopi39–40, 45, 96–99, 110, 355–356, 387horseshorses of brass86, 95, 102, 104, 169–170, 358horses of bronze283horses of ebony105, 107, 108n231horses of gold95horses of wood100, 106, 109, 161Huang Di (皇帝)131, 138n86Huangdi Neijing (黃帝內經 “The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine”)129, 147Huginn and Munnin157hun tian (渾天, “armillary sphere”)67–68, 72Ibarra Grasso, Dick Edgarviiindigenous knowledgeix, 1, 11, 368, 378Indonesia92, 293n79, 340innovation18, 40, 86, 336–337Irish Version of the Historia Britonum of Nennius, The88Islamic knowledgeix, 153, 157, 169, 304, 326, 333–334, 341Japan6, 58, 60–62, 69, 89, 92–93, 137, 142–144, 207Jewish traditions(Kabbalah)33, 284, 292, 313, 327, 329–330, 334n66, 336jian (鑑 / 鑒) and jing (鏡)131, 156Jīvaka140–141, 141n99, 100n101Jones, Alexander7–8, 87Jŏng Pyŏng-gu60–62, 113Josephus, Flavius33, 327–330Kabbalah(Jewish traditions)313–314kachina (“spirit being”)96–98Kaiyuan Tianbao Yishi (開元天寶遺事 “Anecdotes of the Kaiyuan and Tianbao Periods”)123–126, 133, 136, 146kamuy yukar (“epic concerning deities”)90–91, 91n174Katha Sarit Sagara (“Ocean of Story” or “Ocean of Streams of Stories”)76–77Khaldūn, Ibn326Kindaichi, Kyōsuke93Kircher, Athanasius338–339kites37, 44, 46–47, 62–63, 112–113Kōmō Zatsuwa (紅毛雜話)75Kubler, George358–359, 393LaFargue, Michael374–375Lana Terzi, Francesco70–72L’Ancre, Pierre de Rosteguy de161Laufer, Berthold40, 44, 46, 76, 83–84, 86–87, 149–150, 384le Roi, Adenet (Adenés li Rois) 104learningix, 6, 67, 69, 116, 122, 185, 191–192, 216, 284, 319, 326, 332, 365Lemuria24–25, 178Lessa, William99–100Lévi-Strauss, Claude300, 383Li Wencheng [=Wencheng Gongzhu (文成公主)]173Lie Yukou (列禦寇)66Lilienthal, Otto113linear model of history3–4, 114, 386Livio, Mario388–389Long, Pamela385–386lost civilizations2n1, 20n37, 24–26, 29–30, 32, 34, 36, 301lost knowledgevii, x, 1–3, 7, 16, 20, 25, 29, 33, 115, 177, 318, 336, 353, 361, 366, 374, 378, 383Lu Ban (魯班)52, 58–59, 76Lucian of Samosata87, 117, 211–212, 256, 258, 293–294, 302, 369,Lucretius122, 172, 344–345Lunheng (論衡)353–355magic lanterns127n45, 150, 171magic mirrors70, 114, 135, 142–143, 145–147, 154, 156–157, 159, 167–168, 171, 255magic rings271, 279, 280n27, 292n77, 293n78, 294, 296, 299–300, 302, 374Manetho331Manichaeans20, 153–157, 166Marcellinus, Ammianus332mathema (mάqhma)192–193mathematics and mathematical knowledge14, 162, 192, 252–254, 263, 266, 373, 382, 388–389media310–311, 326–327, 330, 335medicine1, 12, 98, 124–125, 128–129, 135, 138–141, 187, 290mercury80–81Mesoamerica151–152Mesopotamia331metallurgy132, 299–300, 308, 363metaphor14, 115, 120, 123, 131, 135, 166, 193, 220, 237, 260, 294, 307, 318, 321, 364, 369, 379, 383, 390Micronesia101Midas285Minoans181, 258Mnemosyne218, 26–265Moni Guangfu (摩尼光佛, “Mani, Buddha of Light”)156Moon8, 11, 50, 162, 363, 369–371morality120, 166, 258, 271, 280, 282, 297–300, 324, 361Morrisson, Mark S.26music and musical instruments127, 130, 164–165, 197mysticism20–22, 25, 103, 313–314, 338–339, 383mythology(mythos)110, 157, 191, 221, 236–238, 300, 338, 348–349, 355–356, 379–380, 390mythos(mythology)13, 214, 350Nallino, Carlo Alfonso206Nanni, Giovanni (Annius of Viterbo)339Native Americans98, 100navigation37n97, 368Needham, Joseph37, 41, 44, 46, 48–50, 52, 87, 112,Noah205, 335North, John338nuclear holocaust and nuclear war92, 312, 360nuclear waste314–315Oceania45, 99–100, 148, 166Ohnuki-Tierney, Emiko94oikoumene 202–206, 208, 236Oju Yŏnmun Changjŏn San’go (五洲衍文長箋散稿 “Scattered Manuscripts of Glosses and Comments of Oju”)56, 58–60, 62–67, 73–75, 111optics114–115, 117, 120, 162oreichalkos227, 229, 233, 248–249, 296Ovid298n100, 370paatuwvota (“flying shield”)96–97, 356Paethon185, 192–193, 319Palaephatus371–372Panchaia201, 291, 346Panchatantra (“Five Treatises”)77panopticon155, 157para80Paracelsus163Pausanias121–122, 134, 283, 286n52, 287–289Pegasus(horses)42, 86, 102–103, 109, 300Pérez, Patrick98Persia94, 149–150, 152–153, 157, 206, 300, 326Peter of Trau160Phaedo 204, 237Phaedrus 102, 213, 215–217, 268, 319, 321Phaethon102, 185, 192, 319phenakistoscope150, 171–172Philostratus280Phlegon of Tralles286–288Phoenicians115, 178–179, 210, 289–290, 328–329phoenix56, 58, 112Phoroneus185, 191, 289pillars(stelae)33, 327, 370Pillars of Hercules178–179, 187, 202, 204, 210, 219, 227, 236–237, 258, 384Pliny the Elder52–54, 115–116, 121–122, 134, 208, 211, 283, 285, 288–290Plutarch9–11, 119–120, 179, 190, 204, 212, 256, 258, 274, 287, 324–325, 369Polybius348Popol Vuh 304–305Posidonius261, 263praxis 349, 385prehistory255, 267, 270Prester John158–159, 170priesthood217–218, 312, 316Proclus214, 261, 263,progress1, 5, 9, 17–19, 31–32, 336, 382Prometheus290, 324–325pseudo-Aristotle208pseudo-Euclidean Catoptrics119pseudo-history11, 14, 70pseudo-science11–12, 357pseudo‑Ptolemaic De speculis121puṣpaka (“flying palace”)82–83pyramids2–3, 241, 334Pythagoreans 21, 53, 162, 250–252, 263Qi Gong (奇肱)45–46, 50–51, 57Quintilian117–118radioactive waste314–315rangaku (蘭学, “Dutch Learning”)69Rapunzel317–318rasaraja80Reale, Giovanni267, 269Regiomantus87Ren Fang (任昉)46, 137Renaissance6, 19, 40, 42, 102reverse euhemerization390, 391n111Rex honoris 153–154ritual6–7, 114, 135, 233–234, 282–283, 308, 312, 317, 324, 326, 330, 362, 376–378, 380, 382robots(automata)77, 303, 324, 362romance stories40, 76, 79, 97, 99, 102, 160, 299–300Rosenmeyer, Thomas G.251rukh(birds)77Sahagún, Bernardino de151samaikur 89Samarāṅganasūtradhāra80–81, 82n143, 84, 92Sanskrit28, 75, 79–80, 82–83, 141, 292Santorini(Thera)181, 385Schreck, Johann Terrenz [= Deng Yuhan (鄧玉函)]64Schwaller de Lubicz, René Adolphevii, viiiscrying151secrecy57, 79, 82, 84, 101, 106, 149Seneca the Younger121–123, 134Seth33, 327, 330, 336, 346Shahnameh (“The Book of Kings”)152–153shamans94, 96, 133, 312Shan Hai Jing (山海經 “Classic of the Mountains and Seas”)45, 208, 311Shuyiji (述異記 “Records of Strange Things”)46, 51, 55, 58, 137Siculus, Diodorus178, 182, 379–380sinta (シンタ, “cradle”)89–94, 110Sitchin, Zecharia36Sivin, Nathan363Smail, Daniel Lord373Soddy, Frederick19–24, 26–27, 29–32, 34–35, 337Solomon153, 294, 303, 366Somadeva76Sparshott, Francis391–392spirits55–56, 110–111, 133, 135–136, 163, 175, 237Stanner, W.E.H.339–340Steiner, George19stelae(pillars)327, 330–331, 346Stonehenge7–9, 338, 340, 382Strabo182, 203, 205–206, 240, 261–263, 265Su E (蘇鶚)137Sufis377tablets201, 234, 331, 335Tarrant, Harold182, 214, 261technê (τέχνη)216, 291, 296, 298, 349, 353, 385telephone150telescope165–168, 176television114, 149–150, 152Thamus216, 319–320Theosophy20–21, 24–27, 29–32, 34–35, 178, 337Thera(Santorini)181–182Theuth216, 319Thompson, William Irwinix, 271, 276, 306n135, 317–318, 325, 346–347, 348, 381–383tian chi (天尺, “celestial feet”)67tian chuan (天船, lit. “sky ship”)67Titans236Torajan92tou guang jian (透光鑑, “light-permeable mirrors”)146Trojan horse103, 283, 310Vedic period76Velikovsky, Immanuelvii, 2, 35–36, 347, 368–369, 371,Vergil388–389Veyne, Paul238–239vimanas80, 111–112Vishnu76–77Viśvila78–79Vitruvius12, 87, 116–117, 120“vril”28vyomaga (lit. “sky-going”)80Wang Chong (王充)353–355Wang Renyu (王仁裕)123Wang Zheng (王徵)64Wei Yuan (魏源)67–68, 72–73West, John AnthonyviiiWhite, K.D.37, 40wild men(yeti)341, 343–344, 346Wilkins, John72–73Wright brothers40, 113X-ray129n53, 135n70, 136, 142n101, 146, 148, 353Xenophanes of Colophon240xian (仙)44, 137n81Xijing Zaji (西京雜記 “Miscellaneous Records of the Western Capital”)126, 129–131, 136, 140, 146–147, 152–153, 171–172yantras 79–80Ye Fashan (葉法善)123, 125yeti(wildmen)340Yi Kyu-gyŏng (李圭景)57–58, 66, 75Youyang Zazu (酉陽雜俎 “Miscellaneous Morsels from Youyang”)130, 147yu ke (羽客, “feathered guest”)44Yuanxi Qiqi Tushuo Luzui (遠西奇器圖說錄最 “Collected Diagrams and Explanations of Wonderful Machines from the Far West”)64Yucca Mountain314–316Yu​zhou Tu (宇宙圖 “Diagram of the Cosmos”)155–156Zhang Hua (張華)45–46zhao bing jing (照病鏡, “illuminating illness mirror”)123zhao gu bao (照骨寶, “treasure that illuminates the bones”)130Zhuangzi (莊子)66, 354, 363, 365zoetrope177zhonɡ minɡ zhen (重明枕, “a pillow which values brightness”)174

Lost Knowledge

The Concept of Vanished Technologies and Other Human Histories

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