IndexAbingdon, Berkshire197, 200, 203Abington, Northamptonshire217, 227abortion55abuse,clergy wivesAct of Six Articles (1539)2Acton, William121Adams, Thomas233, 254Addams, William60Agazzari, Alfonso112Ailwaye, Margaret210Alabaster, Thomas122Alciston, Sussex159Aldham, Essex140Aldred, John91, 94aliaseswillsAlleine, Barbara103Allen, Edmund, bishop of Rochester197Allen, Matthew1001Allen, William215Allyson, Joan234Almondbury, Yorkshire246Alphington, Devon154Alred, Edward94Alspath (Meriden), West Midlands151Alstonefield, Staffordshire57Alton, Hampshire69Andrew, Anne27Andrews, Mr147anticlericalism225, 227apparel,dressAppleby, Leicestershire51, 197Archpole, Edward79, 85Arley, Worcestershire122Arnolde, Joan119Arnolde, John119Arscot, Nicholas211Articles of Religion4, 35Ashburn, Christopher224Ashburn, Magdalene229Ashburton, Devon1612Ashley, Northamptonshire33, 138Ashton, Northamptonshire147Askew, Charles212Askew, Margery242Askew, William242Asley, Thomas44, 49assault129, 213, 229, 243Aston, Anne83, 103, 133Aston, Margaret113Aston, Richard83, 104, 113Aston, Robert57Atkinson, Jane68Atkinson, William68, 138Attleborough, Norfolk164Attreed, Lorraine182Austen, Mrs2278Aveley, Essex129, 227Avyce, Mrs213, 229Avys, Anne139Avys, Robert139Axminster, Devon36Aylmer, John, bishop of London112, 145, 220Babington, Zachary113Babworth, Nottinghamshire198Bach(e), Margaret122Bach(e), Richard122Bacon, Agnes120Bacon, Margaret120Bacon, Nicholas120Badcocke, George121Badcocke, Martha121Bagnall, Raphe82, 86Bailie, Henry231Bainton, Roland1Baker, Katherine212Ball, William219Banckes, Elizabeth60Bancks, Thomas94Banyster, Roger51baptism46, 70, 226, 2457Barber, Alice202Barber, John202Barham, Anne89Barker, Elenor60Barker, John113Barker, Susan113Barley, Hertfordshire158, 162, 174Barling, Essex211Barlow, Agatha141Barlow, John69Barlow, William, bishop of Chichester141Barnes, Robert21314Barratt, D. M.77, 102Barrington, Cambridgeshire101Barrington, Francis76Barstow, Anne10, 12, 119Bartholmey, Cheshire51Bartlett, William76Barwicke, Maria121Barworth, Elizabeth108Barworth, Joan108Barworth, Judith108Barworth, Mary108Basseloe, Robert212bastardy38, 512, 91, 103, 180Bathampton, Somerset239Beale, Joan207, 211Beard, William74, 91Beardsel, Elizabeth246Beardsel, John246Beare, Thomas87Beauchamp Roding, Essex128Beaumont, Essex136Beckford, Worcestershire83, 104Becon, Thomas23, 403, 68, 134, 160, 172Bedwardine, Worcestershire86, 102, 113, 226Bedworth, Warwickshire158Bell, John120Bellasis, Richard75Benhall, Suffolk52Bennes, Miles37Bentham, Thomas, bishop of Coventry and Lichfield72Bereyman, Stephen113Berlatsky, Joel10, 168Berrow, Worcestershire207Berwick, Northumberland118, 193Bethley, William161betrothal,marriage formationBetts, Mr244Beverley, Yorkshire129Bewshin, John23540, 256Bewshin, Philippa23540, 256bibles1389bigamy8890, 129Bigges, Jane38Bigges, John38Bingham, Katherine129Bingham, William129Bingnet, John205Birch, Dorothy103Bisbrooke, Rutland223Black, Mary91Blackhall, John212Blackwood, Robert226Blake, Anthony34, 40Blake, Elizabeth40Blake, Mr209Blakiston, Eleanor75Blenhaiset, Edward33, 150Blenhaiset, Mary150Bligh, Thomasina210Blockley, Worcestershire147Bloxworth, Dorset139Bluet, Thomas179Blunham, Bedfordshire33, 150books50, 68, 115, 1389, 153, 180, 196, 215Borne, Susan82Bourne, Anthony213, 229Bourne, Sir John173, 213, 220Bower, Elizabeth39, 114, 119Bower, Walter39, 114, 119Bowers, Mrs240Bowier, Noah82Bowne, Edward180Bownell, Constance142Bownell, Mordicai142Box, Somerset235, 256Boxted, Essex121Boxworth, Cambridgeshire114, 205Boyse, John113, 205Boyse, William121Braban, John184, 190Bradfield, Essex221Bradley, Joan845Bradshaw, Katherine197Bradshaw, William197Braine, Thomas94Braintree, Essex212Bramfield, Hertfordshire132Brampton Ash, Northamptonshire126Bramshott, Hampshire179Brandsburton, Yorkshire91brasses,memorialsBray, Berkshire156Bray, Edmond82Breame, Arthur244Bredicot, Worcestershire83, 137Brekel, John68bridal pregnancy74, 903, 109n60Bridford, Devon198Brincklowe, Owen114Brinkley, Cambridgeshire148Brixworth, Northamptonshire121Brodley, Sybil64Brodsky, Vivienne109Broke, Alice101Broke, Thomas101Bromley, Henry767Bromsgrove, Worcestershire122, 139Broster, Alice57Broster, James57Broughton Malherbe, Kent36Brown, Alice37Browne, Jayne246Browne, John233Browne, Robert246Browne, Thomas103, 233Buckberd, Elizabeth129Buckberd, Helen129Buckberd, Robert129Buddle, Robert113, 205Bugborough, Yorkshire91Bullinger, Dorothea67Bullingham, Nicholas, bishop of Worcester40Bullocke, William103Bunbury, Hugh27Bungey, John201Bungey, Margaret201Burford, Oxfordshire87, 242burial100, 1578Burnham, Somerset217Burstowe, Nicholas222Burton, Joan57Burton, Lincolnshire105Burton, Margaret49Burton, William57Bushley, Worcestershire213Bushopp, Thomas120Buskyll, Giles152Buskyll, Joan1523Butler, Elizabeth146, 2434Byrd, Robert132Bywater, Brian128, 159Calton, Elizabeth67Calverde, Nicholas222Calwarde, Michael101Canterbury, Kent120, 212Canterbury, Prerogative Court of17, 32, 157, 168, 176, 199Capp, Bernard11, 149Cappe, Barbara74Cardinal, Susan122Cardinal, William122Carlson, Ericix, 8, 1213, 35, 73, 208, 220, 248Carnaby, Yorkshire127Cartwright, Francis100Castor, Northamptonshire53Cattell, Thomas101, 241Cave, Ann81Cavilion, John68celibacy4, 67, 23, 34, 402, 467, 73, 250Chaddesley Corbet, Worcestershire80Chaderton, Laurence174Chadwicke, Elizabeth229Chadwicke, William229, 231Chamber alias Clomber, Barbara223Chamberlaine, Elizabeth82Chamberlaine, William120Chance, Thomas226Chapman, Agnes53Chapman, Edmund122Chapman, Joan100Chapman, John100Chapman, Richard100charitable giving22, 1624, 16889, 1923, 206, 215, 251Charlton, Kenneth10Chaunt, Agnes189Chaunt, John189Cheney, Sir Henry195Chesham, Buckinghamshire1201, 140Child, Floris83, 103, 113childbirth60n159, 65, 1656, 243Chilton Foliatt, Wiltshire178Cholmeley, Henry105christening,baptismChriston, Somerset231church courts12, 13, 157, 29, 36, 49, 60, 76, 82, 87, 126, 128, 135, 147, 148, 2089, 212, 2234, 239, 240, 248, 251Church, Joan164Churchill, Worcestershire78, 84, 86, 113, 121Churchstanton, Somerset33, 177, 184Claines, Worcestershire83, 241Clare, Francis80Claverton, Somerset235, 256Clayton, Thomas50clergyaffection towards wives646, 95, 134, 143, 1548, 233charitable giving423, 1689, 1923, 206, 251common identity69, 11516discreditable12, 57, 74, 12830, 147, 214, 226, 239family provision172, 1889, 1928, 206illegitimate children512, 180incontinent46, 27, 42, 4461, 129, 212, 220, 247clerical concubinagemarriageconcerns over legality3740, 66eagerness for8, 24, 278to former mistresses56, 12, 27, 52letter of proposal656reasons for23, 25, 278, 334, 36, 434, 956reluctance towards21, 257, 328, 405, 529, 61, 65poverty10, 25, 169, 172, 193professionalization116, 119, 128, 227sociability96, 116, 18792social background11619, 1234, 128social interaction68, 96, 116clergy wivesabuse by husbands12930, 2434acceptance of13, 21213, 2408affection towards husbands1568archival invisibility1, 910, 1214, 1819, 97, 99, 1612, 24950charitable giving1624, 170, 175, 184, 206childbirth60n159, 65, 1656, 243communal expectations of11, 21, 126, 1317, 1437, 1601, 1667, 234, 244, 2502contemporary writers and39, 414, 978, 1723contribution to husbands’ ministry434, 125, 1325, 137, 141, 143, 1456, 15961different from concubines7, 54, 856, 242discreditable12, 16, 1269, 135, 145, 1468, 232dress49, 134, 1436, 1734dutifulness14253, 234former domestic servants97, 1026former mistresses5, 12, 52, 99, 251godliness18, 125, 133, 13543, 144, 156, 250godparents15, 166, 2457good character823, 140, 233, 250letters testimonialguidance, lack of1256, 132home, loss of194, 197202hospitality22, 35, 160, 162, 172, 193, 213, 236hostility towardsextent of2202, 240, 248impact of22940physical assault213, 2234, 229verbal abuse207, 20911, 214, 216, 21940, 2478household responsibilities9, 10, 25, 39, 65, 125, 1345, 193identified with husbands’ profession72, 85, 1645, 167, 2267, 247, 250literacy20, 68, 1389marital tension121, 126, 130, 14654marriage to previous incumbent11314, 2035modesty,dressmoral influence1646obedience,dutifulness; patriarchypiety,godlinessposition in local hierarchy11, 1647, 174, 232public housekeeping,role within parishreasons for marriage67, 634, 679, 87, 91, 956, 107, 11214, 119, 1567, 2025remarriage15, 20, 107, 199205roleestablishment of10, 21, 110, 1256, 1325, 138, 15961, 166, 167in support of husbands’ ministry1324, 137, 15960, 249role within parish11, 20, 44, 119, 1335, 15867, 175, 2423as role models44, 67, 131, 135, 141, 146, 149, 232, 244, 250social background56, 12, 18, 21, 64, 97124, 1278, 234, 249, 251strength of character14954, 15960traditional view of9, 979, 102, 125, 131, 232widowhood97, 10612, 123, 194206clerical marriageclerical marriagecontinued opposition towards209, 21222courtship6271affection21, 626, 70, 95social and economic considerations7, 21, 63, 669, 87, 95, 107, 115, 199spiritual parity21, 657, 956, 116clergy; clergy wives; marriage formation; remarriageEdward vi, reign of2, 234, 289, 37, 40, 44n86, 48, 59, 210extent of238, 556fornication, as remedy for3, 4, 41, 44impact on charitable giving423, 16889, 1923, 206, 251impact on sociability18792in Germany67, 12, 63, 97, 99indicative of reformist belief26, 2934inferior to celibacy23, 403, 250introduction of24justification of3, 4, 414letter of proposal657Mary I, reign of23, 23, 36, 37, 51n120, 88means of seduction5960in Norway204practical reservations423, 65, 158traditional marriage practice and21, 52, 62, 8696Cliberye, William244Clopton, Suffolk177clothing,dressClyff, Alen195Clyff, Kateryn195(Alen’s servant)Clyff, Margery195Cockfield, Suffolk43, 65Cocks, William33, 138Colchester, Essex159, 209, 244Cole, John122, 139Cole, Mary139Cole, Robert129Cole, Thomas223Coller, Edmund79, 81Collinson, Patrick161, 218concubinage, clerical46, 27, 4460, 2102differentiation between servants and concubines45, 501, 54, 61in Europe67, 45, 47, 50, 211in Wales467Consett, William127Cooke, Alice108Cooper, John189Cooper, Thomas, bishop of Winchester172, 194Cooper, Tim5, 170Coren, John23540, 256Coren, Mrs23540, 256Corker, Elizabeth89, 129Corker, Thomas89Corney, Philippa164Corney, Thomas164Cornwall, Richarde180Coste, Margaret203Coste, Thomas203Cotes, Gloucestershire18Cottrel, Isbell163Coulton, Ralph195Cowell, Mary241Cowlaye, Mrs245Cowper, John103Coxson, William75Crabbe, Dorothy106Cranwell, John105Cranwell, Phillippa105Crawford, Patricia11, 104, 149, 160, 161Crenold, Ralph76Cropthorne, Worcestershire60, 105Crosbey, Robert81, 133, 137Crosedayle, Brian246Crosedayle, Jane246Crosley, Roger135Cryer, Isabel246Cryer, Robert246Cubert, Cornwall211Cuckfield, Sussex165Culworth, Northamptonshire76Cunde, Henry2339, 253Cunde, Joan2339, 253Curtes, Alice138Curtes, Austen138Curtes, Margaret138Curteys, Joan165Cutt, Richard53Daintith, Charles155Daintith Isabell155Dakyne, Lawrence120Dalby, Philippa242Dallington, Sussex105, 108Dalston, Cumbria203Damie, Elizabeth242Daniell, Henry147Daniell, Mrs147Deane, Lucy53, 85Deddington, Oxfordshire198Dedham, Essex158defamation15, 91, 127, 20810, 218, 223, 224, 229, 2301, 237, 248deprivation of married clergy234, 357, 51n120, 88Dering, Edward656Dickens, A. G.11, 29, 44, 208Dickson, Thomas912dilapidations74, 196Dixon, Anna101Dixon, Anne90Dixon, Cecilia101Dixon, Richard101Dixon, William90Dod, Edward205Dod, Richard100Dodde, Elizabeth155Dodde, Gregory155Dodleston, Cheshire245domestic service545, 1046, 112household servantsDoncaster, Yorkshire34, 40, 113Donnington, Shropshire100Dorchester, Oxfordshire75Dorrington, William219Dotshon, Richard108Dotshon, Susan108Downame, George194Downham, Essex126Downham, Miles64Downham, Mrs151Downham, William, bishop of Chester151Dowrishe, Hugh121dress49, 134, 1436, 1734Dry Drayton, Cambridgeshire163, 174Drywood, Elizabeth100, 156Drywood, George100, 156Duffy, Eamon35Dun, Thomas188Dust, Agnes58Dybney, Joan244Dymchurch, Kent173, 215Dyos, Lawrence120East Horndon, Essex117, 130East Mersea, Essex145East Tisted, Hampshire69East Tudenham, Norfolk46Eastbourne, Sussex138Easton, Hampshire141Edgar, Anne203Edgar, Mark203Edgecombe, Anna121Edith Weston, Rutland37Edward vi2, 4, 23, 37, 40Edwardes, Anna122Eire, Thomas8990Eldersfield, Worcestershire83, 1034, 113Elizabeth I34, 78, 346Elliott, John114Elsenham, Essex149Eltham, Essex139endogamyclerical20, 679, 96, 11216, 124, 2035, 251occupational and status11516, 124English, Christopher6970Epsom, Surrey129Everdon, Northamptonshire113Ewbank, Henry127Ewell, Kent126, 135, 145Exton, Rutland139, 188Fairclough, Lawrence122Farrant, Katherine241Fawcett, Richard75Fearne, Patrick142Fetherston, Anne94Fewtie, John246Fido, Elizabeth823, 137Field, Joan138Field, John138, 153Field, Richard84Fist, John246Fist, Margaret245Fitzjohn, Elizabeth132Fitzrandall, John179, 196Flamstead, Hertfordshire120Flint, Eleanor201Flint, Richard201Forcett, John214Forde, Joan241Forde, Richard113Forest, Anne139, 188Forest, Michael701fornication4, 44, 57, 211pre-nuptial902Forthe, Anna121Forthe, Richard121Foster, C. W.24Foster, Isabel88Foster, Mawde88Foster, Thomas88Fox, Richard217Foxearth, Essex198Francke, Richard76Freake, Cicely141, 150Freake, Edmund, bishop of Worcester79, 141, 150Freake, John141Freinde, Magdalen103Freshwater, Isle of Wight138Fretherne, Anne165Frewen, John222Fulnetbie, Margaret121Fyddell, Katherine229Fyddell, William229Fyfield, Essex232Gardener, Joan126Garner, Jane244Gatacre, Thomas138Gataker, Thomas197Gee, Edward156Gee, Joan156Genge, Thomas68geographical mobility8890Gibson, Agnes126Gibson, Robert179Giese, Loreen63Gill, John77Gilliot, Anne130Gilpin, Alice230Gilpin, Bernard193Gilpin, Cuthbert230Gipps, Helen64Goad, Jacobine158godparents15, 68, 166, 2457Gonan, Joan64, 219Gosfield, Essex244Goudhurst, Kent126Gouge, Elizabeth67, 125, 135Gouge, William67Gould, Mercy166Gower, William195Granby, Nottinghamshire91Granger, Barbara50, 180Grateley, Hampshire50, 180Graveney, Kent227Gravinor, Thomas51, 180, 201Great Burstead, Essex113, 244Great Canfield, Essex241Great Coates, Lincolnshire138Great Holland, Essex121Great Horndon, Essex117Great Leighs, Essex38, 139, 199, 241Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire114Grecyan, Anne217Greene, Margaret82, 86, 137Greene, Mary76Greenham (Wood), Katherine163, 174, 247Greenham, Richard43, 163, 174, 247Greenhill, William121Gregorie, Clement157Gregorie, Joan157Gregorie, Katherine157Gregory, Arthur151Greystoke, Cumbria201Grimley, Worcestershire51, 173Grimston, Francis701Grimston, Norfolk122Gringley, Nottinghamshire217Grosvenor, Anthony245Gryce, Margaret57Gualter, Rodolph67Gulval, Cornwall128Gurrie, William113Gylbert, Simon177, 180Habergham, Lawrence105Habergham, Rose105Hadleigh, Suffolk122, 132, 143Hadstock, Essex241Haigh, Christopher16, 35, 221Hailey, Ellen225Hailey, Margaret224Hale, Thomas103Halifax, Yorkshire224Hall, James178Halstead, Essex244Halywell, Anne128Halywell, Richard128Hambledon, Northamptonshire53, 223Hammonde, Mathew117Hampstead Norreys, Berkshire138Hamworthy, Dorset68Hancock, Thomas934Handsworth, Yorkshire89, 129Hanley, Grace246Hanley, John246Hardwick, Buckinghamshire84Harman, Mr87Harringworth, Northamptonshire92Harris, Elizabeth84Harris, John130Harrison, Marion39Harrison, Richard1367Harrison, William3940, 120–1, 172, 181, 193, 202Harte, Joan148Harte, Richard121Harte, Robert148Hartlebury, Worcestershire83, 139Hartlip, Kent229Harward, John203Hasfield, Gloucestershire105Hatch Beauchamp, Somerset189Hatfield, Yorkshire60, 88Hause, William92Havant, Hampshire233Haverhill, Suffolk122Hawcocke, Richard103Hawkins, Thomas244Hawthorne, Adrian39Hawthorne, Pasca39Hayton, Nottinghamshire223Hazewell, Edmund83, 86Heal, Felicity5, 46, 168Heardman, John138Heath, Peter5Hedge, Helen203Hedge, Richard203Hedworth, John75Heigham, Norfolk242Heighington, Durham131Helme, Avice108, 151, 1623, 247Helme, Henry68, 113, 1501, 170, 174, 175, 247Helye, John241Herbert, George160Herby, Margaret230Herd, Annis136Herne, Kent129Herne, William175Hernhill, Kent214, 230Heron, Robert128Heslington, Yorkshire130Heston, Middlesex142Hewet, Joyce210Heybridge, Essex203Heyden, Edward139Heydon, Essex174High Ester, Essex130High Ham, Somerset170Hill, John198Hill, Mary198Hilton, Judith57Hilton, Mathew57Hinxton, Cambridgeshire64Hockley, Essex117Hodder, William69, 113Holder, Peter101Holland, Hugo218Hollande, Robert49, 117Holt, Francis113Holt(e), Mary76, 102Holywell, Richard52Homes, John210homily, apparel144homily, matrimony146Honiley, Warwickshire117Honley, Yorkshire246Hooton Roberts, Yorkshire74Hopesay, Shropshire51Hopkins, Anne90Hopkinson, Persis205Hopkinson, William205Hopporne, Andrew231, 238Hopporne, Lucy231Hornchurch, Essex244Horsham, Sussex97, 100, 201, 245Horstead, Norfolk101hospitality22, 35, 160, 162, 168, 171, 172, 193, 213, 236Houlbrooke, Ralph92household servants85, 1026, 137domestic service; kinshipHovenden, Nicholas120Hovenden, Susanna120Howarde, Mary91, 94Howseman, Anne201Howseman, John68, 195, 201Howson, John, bishop of Oxford221Hucknall Torkard, Nottinghamshire94Hudleston, John226Hufton, Olwen9Huggarde, Miles98Hulet, Widow165Humberstone, Leicestershire113, 205Humbleton, Yorkshire69Hunne, the fletcher163Hunter, Robert117, 130Hunwick, John159Icomb, Gloucestershire102Ingram, Martin63, 146, 235Injunction 29 of the Royal Visitation (1559)implementation of7286, 96stipulations of34, 12, 35, 72, 88, 102, 106, 123, 125, 132, 148, 250letters testimonialinsults,verbal abuse, rhymesIpsden, Oxfordshire155, 180Ipswich Injunction3, 8Ireland, David211Irtlingborough, Northamptonshire215Isham, Robert1778, 184, 190Janson, Tristram734Johnson, Alice50Jones, Fulke87Jones, Richard122Jones, Robert92Jones, Walter, canon of Hereford Cathedral179Jordan, W. K.178, 185Joye, George52, 54, 135, 160Karant-Nunn, Susan6Kay, Margaret131Kaye, Arthur113, 246Kaye, Elizabeth246Kempe, Agnes138Kempe, John138Kenchurch, Herefordshire177, 180Kencot, Oxfordshire165Keysall, Nicholas51Kiffin, Margaret210Kiffin, Richard201Kinge, Elizabeth198Kinge, Ralph121Kinge, William198King’s Sutton, Northamptonshire218Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire180kinship57, 101, 105, 170, 18792, 206Kirk Ella, Yorkshire155Kirk Smeaton, Yorkshire53, 74Kirkby in Ashfield, Nottinghamshire53Kirkham, William76Kirkheaton, Yorkshire179, 246Kirton, Nottinghamshire226Knevit, Katherine94Knevit, William94Knewstub, John43, 65Knight, John18Knox, John66Kyffin, Richard245Kynsey, Robert51Lake, Alice162, 222Lake, Osmond162Lambe, Jane49Lambe, Joan229Lambe, William229Lambert, William244Lamport, Northamptonshire121Lanford, Wiltshire229Langley, Anne18, 163, 202Langley, Thomas18, 36, 75, 163, 202, 212Lanman, Elizabeth69Lapford, Exeter121Lathburye, John33, 199Lathburye, Rose198Lawe, Isabelle103Laxfield, Suffolk214Lea, Henry7Leaden Roding, Essex76Lease, Jane, daughter of Vincent105Lease, Jane, wife of Vincent76Lease, Vincent76, 105Ledsham, Yorkshire246Leicester15, 24, 27, 32, 37, 59, 130, 200Leigh, Rowland82Lennartes, Joan13, 226Lennartes, Thomas83, 86, 113, 226letters testimonial3, 20, 21, 72, 84, 102, 105, 113, 133, 225‘cumbersome’834‘degrading’846diocese of Gloucester19, 77, 133diocese of Lincoln19, 72, 77, 79, 82, 84, 86, 108, 1323diocese of Worcester19, 7886, 96, 1013, 108, 1334, 137failure to obtain62, 71, 734, 767, 8795shortcomings of8795survival of72, 7780Injunction 29Leverington, Isle of Ely126Lewes, Lewis75Lewkenor, Richard76Lewknor, Oxfordshire231Lexden, Essex120, 121, 140, 156libellous verses,rhymesLightfoote, wife of Mr139Lillington, William68, 151, 152Lime, Isabell53Lime, Thomas53Lincoln, diocese of8, 24, 30, 55, 72, 77, 78, 79, 84Linge, William81Litleton, Sir John80Littlebury, Essex241Littlewood, Richard159Little Baddow, Essex117Little Cranfield, Essex205Little Dunmow, Essex76Little Easton, Essex117Little Saling, Essex241Little Stambridge, Essex221Little Wenham, Suffolk148Little Yeldham, Essex241Litzenberger, Caroline183Lively, Alice113, 205Lively, Sir Richard113, 205Lloyd, Gwen100Lloyd, John100Locke, Alice100Locke, Anne66Locke, Joan100Locke, Robert100Lockyer, William2434Long, Robert209Longdon, Worcestershire157Lorance, William120Lord, Thomas205Louth, John112Louth, Lincolnshire94Louth, Thomasine112Lower Heyford, Oxfordshire242Lowick, Northamptonshire216Lowman, Marie76Loxton, Somerset231Lucas, William173, 215Lufkine, David241Lydeard St Lawrence, Somerset38Lylle, Robert198Lyme Regis, Dorset163Lynche, William128Lynsecum, Richard36Lytchet Matravers, Dorset68, 151Madresfield, Worcestershire101Mainard, Robert163Maleverer, Henry49Manistie, Frances81marriageaffection within626, 95, 143, 14558age of556banns20, 756, 78, 89, 94bigamous8890, 129clandestine and irregular70, 76, 8794courtship6271disharmony within,clergy wives, marital tension; patriarchydivorce37, 87, 90, 130employers and701, 76, 82, 89, 106, 1334formationbetrothal62, 6970, 91choice of partner,clergy wives; clerical marriagecontracts21, 62, 64, 6971, 80, 8794role of friends55, 645, 70, 845, 96, 103handfasting,betrothaljactitation80law69licences1921, 22, 756, 789, 99, 1012, 105, 10914, 120, 1223parental consent62, 70, 72, 76, 78, 84, 868, 102, 1056parity21, 63, 95, 112, 115, 119, 123, 251remarriage15, 20, 65, 107, 199205solemnization62, 69, 701, 74, 767, 79, 89, 915spousal,betrothaltokens55, 69, 71, 85traditional marriage practice6971, 906wife’s role within1345, 146, 1601bridal pregnancy; clergy; clergy wives; clerical marriageMarsh, Edmund2245Marsh, Susan2245Marshall, Peterix, 4, 29, 45, 46, 47, 68, 127, 161Marsie, Agnes141Marsie, Robert141Martin, Thomas97Martyn, George165Martyn, Judge228Martyn, Margaret165Mary I2, 3, 23, 36, 37, 39, 75, 212Marynier, John68Massy, Roger241Master, William175, 189Mattersey, Nottinghamshire200Matthew, Frances127Matthew, Tobias, bishop of Durham127Maugersbury (Mangersbury), Gloucestershire102May, Mrs, wife of the Bishop of Carlisle64May, Thomas244Mayers, Benedict221Maynard, Anna120Mayson, Ann52Mayson, Paul51Medford, Grace76Mell, Robert55Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire37Meme, Simon242memorials21, 37, 132, 1405, 149, 1567Mendelson, Sara11, 104, 149, 160, 161Meriton, George94Metcalfe, Christopher114Metcalfe, Rachel114Middleton Stoney, Oxfordshire198Middlezoy, Somerset64Midlam, Robert217midwives85, 88, 166Mildmay, Walter132Minstead, Hampshire214Minster Sheppey, Kent212Monax, John51Monax, Richard51Monk Fryston, Yorkshire203Montford, Shropshire233, 235More, Matthew130Morecroft, Edward179Morgan, Anne89Morgan, Frances155Morgan, John155, 180Morgan, Lewes178Morse, Margaret201Morse, Thomas108, 201Moure, Henry138Mous, John221Myddle, Shropshire100, 103Mylls, Edward74Myners, Isabell121Naisshe, George189Nasshe, John46, 95Naverstock, Essex141neighbours54, 72n52, 80, 82, 846, 114, 125, 126, 128, 130, 135, 136, 140, 145, 1607, 170, 171, 173, 179, 188, 210, 224, 226, 231, 2347, 2434, 248Nevendon, Essex240New Malton, Yorkshire218New Romney, Kent214Newall, Alice80Newark, Nottinghamshire196, 198Newbold on Avon, Warwickshire180Newent, Gloucestershire210Newington, Surrey138Newson, William52Nicholls, Thomas65, 87Nicholson, Thomas203Nightingale, William215Node, Margaret60Noks, John113Norman, Ellen57Norris, Anne65, 77, 80, 86Northampton15, 32, 21517Northiam, Sussex222Northumberland, Duke of173Norton, Durham166Norway204Norwich, Norfolk15, 20, 29, 36, 106, 109, 122, 209, 221, 224, 229Norwich, Simon126Noryce, Edward77, 133Noryce, Pilaster77, 133Notte, Alice82Notte, John82Nottingham90, 94, 112Nowell, Lawrence179Nowell, Robert197, 202O’Day, Rosemary29Offchurch, Warwickshire211O’Hara, Diana63Oke, Margaret247Okeford Fitzpaine, Dorset189Okeley, Anne113Okeley, John50, 244, 113Onyon, Margaret102Onyon, Roger102Orsett, Essex152Osburne, William65, 80Otes, Isabel127Otes, John127Otley, Yorkshire64Outwell, Norfolk40Overall, John, bishop of Norwich221Overton, Thomas84, 85Overton, Valentine158Overton, William, bishop of Coventry and Lichfield117Owen, John, bishop of St Asaph221Owen, Thomas242Pace, Elizabeth120Pace, Thomas120Paddye, Francis57Palliser, David9, 29Palmer, Anthony126Palmer, John94Palmer, Simon223Parish, Helen7, 29, 31, 72parish registers1415, 20, 21, 57, 74, 80, 83, 84, 90, 99101, 103, 105, 11113, 117, 140, 155, 156, 203, 241Parker, John112Parker, Margaret10, 35, 134, 159Parker, Matthew, archbishop of Canterbury4, 9, 24, 35, 41, 42, 43, 56, 134, 230Parker, Richard156Parkhurst, John, bishop of Norwich67, 95, 106Parkinson, commissary of Richmondshire73Parkyn, Robert8, 29, 35Parman, Alice50patriarchy11, 13, 1067, 127, 142, 14753, 238Patten, Mr222Pavot, Margaret101, 241Pawlyn, Gabriell142Payne, Robert203Pearce, Joan204Pearce, Raphael204Pearte, Edward83, 104, 133Peet, David29penance3, 87, 902, 94, 127, 128, 209Pendelton, Joan161Penton Mewsey, Hampshire53, 85Perkes, William80Perkin, Mr53, 92Permenter, Elizabeth241Perriall, Katherine229–30Perriall, Richard229Persgrave, Sir Edmund53Persons, Amie157Persons, John157Persons, Robert112Peterborough, Cambridgeshire140, 157Petrock, St, Exeter, Devon175Pettingar, William2001Phillipe, Agnes101Phillips, John103Phippe, Mr211Phyppin, John231Pickard, Collett223Picke, Simon113Pickering, Yorkshire74Pierson, Edmund378Piggott, Joan75Pilton, Northamptonshire57Pirton, Ellen83, 108Pirton, Thomas108Pitsford, Northamptonshire122, 163Plat, Mrs2278Playden, Sussex108, 118Plomer, Helen51Ploughman, Joan247Plummer, Beth7, 12, 63, 99Plumpton, Margaret6971Pokins, John148Pokins, Mr117Pollye, Elizabeth198Pollye, John198Ponteland, Northumberland103Poole, William76, 103Pooley, Mirabel121Poore, Richard32, 157, 189, 247Poore, Dorothy32, 157, 247Porse, Robert231Pouller, William81, 133, 137Powell, Joan210Poyntington, Dorset52preambles,willspregnancy, bridal74, 903, 109n60Presse, Mrs162Preston, Kent128Price, David205Price, Ellen205Price, Thomas180Prior, Mary1, 3, 10Priorman, Christopher60, 88Prise, Thomas51Proctor, Jane203Proctor, Nicholas203Prout, John210Pryce, Richard36Pryce, Sage36public housekeeping11, 15867, 175, 243Puddletown, Dorset68Pullan, Anne89Pullan, Margaret88Pullan, William88, 89Purchas, Samuel76, 105Purleigh, Essex76, 105, 141Pytchley, Northamptonshire177, 184Pytt, Thomas100Queenhill, Worcestershire103Racke, Katherine94Radwinter, Essex39Ramsden Crays, Essex244Ramsden, Robert, archdeacon of York159Randes, Mary94Randes, Thomas94Rathbie, John139, 188Ratleiffe, Humphrey122Raunds, Northamptonshire223Rawe, William246Rawlingson, Elizabeth113Rawlingson, Frances113Rawlingson, Joan113, 137Rawlingson, John78, 83, 86, 113, 121Rawlyns, John164Rawlyns, Marie164Rayleigh, Essex121Rayner, Sarah120Raynes, Gabriel37Redmarley D’Abitot, Worcestershire83, 108Reed, Giles83reputation, female84, 85, 98, 106, 121, 141, 144, 167, 207, 211, 219, 229, 2305, 23942Rettendon, Essex129Reymonde, Francis76Reymonde, Mercy76rhymes, libellous233, 2378, 2535Ribchester, Lancashire214Ricarde, William50, 180Richardes, Ellen103Riche, Isott165Richardson, Mrs162Richardson, Roger104Richmond, Beatrix97Rickman, Rebecca139Rickman, Robert108, 139Rickman, Sara139Rickman, Susanna108, 139Ringwood, Hampshire162, 222Ripple, Worcestershire244Rishton, Edward98Roberts, Edmund76Roberts, William103Robinson, Jane223Robinson, John163Robinson, Marie157, 163Robinson, Robert244Rockbeare, Devon165Roe, Humphrey122Rogers, John153Rogers, Richard11, 43, 65, 67, 137, 153, 158, 249Roodes, Edward196Roote, Mary175Roote, William175Rotherham, Yorkshire89, 129Rotherhithe, London197Rothwell, Yorkshire138Rumsey, Avice69, 108, 113Rumsey, Henry108Russell, William128Rustat, Alice196Ryland, Mary204Ryton, Shropshire103Sackewell, Humphrey214, 230St Helen Auckland, Durham233Salcott, Essex209Salisbury, Wiltshire8, 30, 32, 157, 189, 247Salter, Thomas76Saltfleetby, Lincolnshire119Samson, Robert100Sander, Nicholas98Sanderson, William118, 1934Sandon, Essex142Sandys, Cicely173Sandys, Edwin, bishop of London, bishop of Worcester, archbishop of York35, 38, 41, 42, 173, 220Saunders, Francis126, 135, 145Saunders, Joan140Saunders, Margaret120, 140Saunders, William120, 140Scalford, Leicestershire58Scambler, Edmund, bishop of Peterborough140, 217Scambler, Julyan140Schaell, Adrian1701, 174, 175Schorn-Shütte, Luise6Scottesford, Dorothy203Scoulter, Elizabeth165Scrayingham, Yorkshire148, 172Seamer, Yorkshire217Sebro, Edithe163Seede, Edward2359Seede, John2359Selwall, Robert205Serle, Anna120, 140, 156Serle, Cassia140Serle, Robert120, 140, 156Sevenoaks, Kent97Shadoxhurst, Kent212Shawe, Robert50Shaye, Grace246Shaye, Thomas246Sheepy Magna, Leicestershire37, 49, 92, 212Sheils, Bill16Sheparde, John198Sheppard, Nicholas198Sheppard, William174Sherburn in Elmet, Yorkshire224Sherlock, Peter143Sherrington, Wiltshire201Shilton, Oxfordshire135Shipton under Wychwood, Oxfordshire175, 189Shirley, Elizabeth166Shrawley, Worcestershire117, 195Shrewsbury, Shropshire233Shuter, Frances103Sibson, Leicestershire21213Sibthorpe, John147Sibthorpe, Marjorie147, 153Sidmouth, Devon118, 163, 247Simler, Josiah67Skinner, Bridget122, 157, 163Skinner, Edmund122, 157, 163Skinningrove, Yorkshire49, 117Slindon, Sussex114, 150Smith, Anne83Smith, Elizabeth217, 227Smith, Melchior130Smithe, Gilbert39Smithe, James247Smithe, Pasca39Smithson, Isabel89Smyth, Elizabeth163, 247Smyth, Thomas118, 247Smyth, William214Smythe, John214Snave, Kent212Snepp, John222sociability168, 1756, 178, 18792, 206among clergy689, 116, 18792Sommerton, Joan198Sommerton, Thomas198South Elkington, Lincolnshire94South Hanningfield, Essex117, 148South Luffenham, Rutland77South Ockendon, Essex100, 156Southall, Hugh100Southall, Joan100Southall, William100Southe, Joan138Southe, Thomas138Sowden, Richard65Sowton, Exeter76Spence, Jane73Spenlowe, Edward120Spetchley, Worcestershire113, 137Spofforth, Yorkshire159Spratt, John97Springe, Margaret120Springe, Thomas120Spurrell, Anthony102Stancliff, Peter36Stannarde, Nicholas214Stansfield, Suffolk50Stanton, Rebecca40Stanton, William40Stantor, John229Stapleford, Nottinghamshire161Staunton, Katherine79, 81, 84, 133, 137Steel, Alice55Steele, John210stepchildren108, 113, 200Stephen, Alice105Stephen John105, 108Stere, Mr117Steven, Joan50Stewkley, Alice223Steyner, Robert82, 86Still, Anna122, 132, 143Still, John, bishop of Bath and Wells122, 132Stock, Richard197Stockley, Thomas241Stoke Goldington, Buckinghamshire75Stone, Edward198Stone, Ellen127Stone, Lawrence624Stone, Richard83, 108Stoney Stratford, Buckinghamshire36Story, John241Stoyte, Agnes157Stoyte, John18, 157, 241Street, Somerset230Strong, Agnes150Strong, Richard114, 150Strong, Sara114Stubbing, Henry196Stubton, Lincolnshire76Sturminster Marshall, Dorset68, 108, 113, 150, 1623, 170, 247Styll, John100Sudborough, Northamptonshire58Sutton, Elizabeth223Sutton, Richard223Sutton, Sussex75Swale, Elizabeth155Swayne, John33, 177, 184Swifte, John233Swinburne, Henry69Sykes, Oliver74, 91Symondes, Thomas180Tailer, John90Tamworth, Staffordshire37Tandye, Richard117, 195Tatsfield, Surrey222Tattersall, Anne164Tattersall, William164Taylor, Alice205Taylor, Dorothy92Taylor, John, rector of Sheepy92Taylor, Elizabeth225Taylor, John205Taylyer, Anna246Taynton, Oxfordshire87, 242Tetbury, Gloucestershire77, 133Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire83, 104Thame, Oxfordshire231Thickyns, Elizabeth72Thirty Nine Articles38, 73Thompson, Elizabeth246Thompson, George246Thompson, Mr116Thorndon, Devon180Thorne, Judith164Thorneley, Hugh201Thorneley, Joan201Thorneley, Timothy201Thorpe, John945Thorpe, Thomas244Throllesworth, Leicestershire50Thurgoode, William122Thurmaston, Leicestershire223Thurnebie, Leicestershire135Thurning, Northamptonshire205Thurnscoe, Yorkshire49Tiler2267Todd, Joan116Todd, William116Toddington, Bedfordshire148, 195Tomson, Dr, Queen’s chaplain1945Tonstall, Ralph215Tower, Mercimight139Tower, Robert38, 139, 199Towers, John116, 147Tozer, Alice76Trevergo, Henry103Tuckfild, Emery36Tuer, Alice148, 153Tuer, John149Tugby, Leicestershire218Tunckes, Hugh534, 856Ture, Adria232Turnor, John215Turnor, Dr, dean of Wells112Turnor, Winifred112Turvild, Giles231Turvill, Richard210Twinstead, Essex128Twyste, James139Tydie, Mrs126Tylbrok (Tilbrook), Cambridgeshire82Typpinge, John212Tyrrell, Thomas145Uffington, Lincolnshire18, 157Ufford, Cambridgeshire82Ufton, Warwickshire142, 204Upcher, Joan159Upcher, Thomas159Upminster, Essex232Upper Heyford, Oxfordshire241Upton Grey, Hampshire116Upton Snodsbury, Worcestershire113Usher, Brett35Vaughan, Edward21617Vaughan, Richard, bishop of London221Vaux, John233Vaux, Mr130Veron, John413, 1712Vilvayne, Grace154Vilvayne, Peter154Vincent, Joan (née Standley)37, 44, 49, 21213Vincent, John37visitation articles1456, 2201Wakeman, Richard83, 104, 133Walker, Anthony232Walker, Elizabeth232Walkingham, Anne2234Walkingham, Hector2234Walles, Thomas107Wallis, Edward101Wallis, Margery101Walmysley, Robert108, 118Walsoken, Norfolk50Walter, Mrs126Walton on the Wolds, Leicestershire135Wanborough, Wiltshire18, 202Warbleton, Sussex205Ward, Samuel11Ward, Sarah153Warren, Thomas107Warriner, Thomas205, 113Warwick, John122Washeburne, John79, 81Washer, William232Waterbeach, Cambridgeshire148Waterhouse, Margaret224Watson, Christopher155Watson, Joan155Watt, Margaret9Waull, Elynor105Waull, Hugh105Weaver, Ursula79, 133Wells, Somerset39, 112, 114, 119Welwyn, Hertfordshire81Werner, Janelle56West Favell, Northamptonshire77West Retford, Nottinghamshire94West Rudham, Norfolk36West Stow, Suffolk121Westhall, Suffolk105Weston, Jane75Weston Turville, Buckinghamshire120Wetherby, Yorkshire128, 159Wethersfield, Essex43, 65, 137Wharton, Ralphe241White, Margery232Whitgift, John, bishop of Worcester28, 118, 192Whitney, Herefordshire51, 180, 201Whittham, Jeremy240Whittingham, George154Whittingham, Katherine131Whitton, Theodore58widows and widowhood978, 99, 10612, 123, 196, 199202, 247, 251clergy widows10712, 152, 155, 157, 1624, 168, 172, 194206independence107, 199remarriage15, 20, 65, 107, 199205Wilcox, Alice207Wilcox, John207Wilcox, Thomas153Wilcoxson, Roberte137Wilden, Bedfordshire189Wilkes, George51Wilkes, Joan122Wilkes, John122Wilkinson, Elizabeth240Wilkinson, Robert203Willet, Andrew158, 174Willet, Thomas and wife162Williams, Agnes107Williams, Griffith107Williams, Peter231Williams-Mitchell, Christobel10, 12Willis, Robert105Willmott, Anthony106Willsclerical204, 278, 314, 3740, 4952, 66, 68, 105, 1078, 114, 11619, 1389, 14950, 155, 157, 162, 16871, 175205lay312, 107, 155, 1834, 196, 244preambles17, 26, 2934, 61as records1719, 16870, 1768, 1878, 195, 197202use of aliases3840, 66, 155women’s19, 157, 1624, 244, 247Wilshere, Thomas81Wilson, Agnes82, 102Wilson, Alice113Wilson, Annis82Wilson, Jane148Wilson, John102Wilson, Mrs213Wilson, Nicholas148, 172Wilson, Thomas, dean of Worcester174Wilson, Thomas, vicar of Humbleston113Wilton, Thomas103Winchester, Hampshire8, 15, 30, 84, 116, 139Windsor, Berkshire39, 179, 198Winestead, Yorkshire179Winterbourne, Wiltshire108witchcraft1367, 215Witherley, Leicestershire202Wivenhoe, Essex244Woddomes, Margery142Woddomes, Richard142Wolf, Magdalen203Wolfe, Michelleix, 11, 72, 160Wollaton, Nottinghamshire8990, 129Wolverton, Berkshire184Wood, Davye244Wood, John108Woode, Katherine163, 174, 247Woodriffe, William210Wootton Bassett, Wiltshire163Worcester15, 19, 20, 32, 40, 7786, 96, 1013, 1089, 122, 133, 137, 141, 173, 200, 210, 220, 226, 229, 241Worsley, Susanna205Wray, Christopher54Wren, Matthew, bishop of Hereford221Wright, Agnes231Wrightson, Keith19, 63, 150Wroughton, Wiltshire178Wyclif, Anthony534Wye, Kent215Wyllyams, Henry151Wylton John140Wylton Judith140Wymesherste, Alexander139, 198Wymesherste, Alice139, 198Wyncoll, John176Wysdom, Christian65, 87Wythers, Joan148Wythers, Thomas148, 195Yarde, Francis165Yaxley, Christopher38Yaxley, Jane38Yeardley, Elizabeth101, 241Yomans, William75York12, 14, 15, 17, 20, 24, 29, 34, 51, 55, 73, 103, 127, 130, 155, 215, 222, 2456York Minster164, 195Yost, John7, 11Younge, John231Zell, Michael31