Note on Weights and Currencies

in World Trade Systems of the East and West
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Note on Weights and Currenciescaixa (cash) (P)

a Chinese coin (with square hole) originally of copper; 10 caixa = 1 conderin; 100 = 1 mace; 1,000 = 1 silver tael

catty (斤) (M, C)

Asian unit of weight, 1 catty = 0.6 kg.=16 taels; 100 catties = 1 picul

cruzado (P)

a Portuguese gold coin fixed at 400 reis in 1517, 1 cruzado = 1 Chinese silver tael or 10 Japanese silver monme

ducat

an Italian coin loosely equal to a cruzado, a Chinese silver tael, or the Spanish riel-of-eight

kan (貫) (kamme) (貫目) (J)

originally a string of 1,000 mon or copper coins; 1 kan = 100 taels or 1,000 monme; 1 kan = 3.75 kg

kin (斥) (J)

the Japanese equivalent of catty; 1 kin =160 monme = 600g = 16 taels weight

koban (小判) (J)

a Japanese gold coin weighing 18 g; mostly valued at 6–8 tael

mace (mas) (錢) (C)

Chinese money of account; 1 mace = 10 canderines or 0.1 silver tael

monme (匁) (J)

1 monme = 3.75 g

picul (picol) (M, C)

1 picul = 100 catties = c. 60 kg. = 1,600 taels

reis (P)

a small copper Portuguese coin of low value

ryō (両 (J)

1 ryō = 89 monme of silver (end of Tokugawa)

stuiver (striver) (D)

a Dutch coin; 1 stuiver = 1 English penny

tael (两) (M, C)

Chinese monetary unit (silver) and unit of weight; 1 tael = 37 g = 1,000 caixa (100 conderines or 10 mace). Valued by the Dutch at 62 stuiver before 1636. 1 tael = 2.85 guilders before 1666; 1 tael = 3.7 guilders after 1667; 1 tael = 1,000 caixa (100 conderines or 10 mace)

xerafin (P)

1 xerafin = 300–400 reis weighing between 11 and 19 grams