IndexAbgar, King161, 163Abkhazia3, 6, 9, 19, 29Abramishvili, Mikheil187Abuladze, Ilia95Acheiropoieton95 f.Adjara6, 75Al Busayrah106Aleksidze, Zaza96 ff., 150, 156, 157, 161, 163Aleppo77, 106, 149Ampullae79Ancha96, 162 Anchiskhati icon/altarpiece96, 97, 162Anchiskhati basilica130, 136, 183Antakya106, 138Antioch11, 43, 56, 102, 121, 132, 138, 141, 145, 149, 153, 156, 166, 175, 176, 187Anton, Bishop of Tsageri86Arabic16, 65, 70 ff., 160, 192Aramaic12, 13, 15, 22, 23, 24, 25 ff., 190Areshi116, 118Armazian22, 23, 27, 181, 183, 190Armaziskhevi158, 181Armazisikhe181Armenia1, 10, 14, 24, 26, 31, 42, 74, 104, 111, 122, 123, 125, 139, 144, 147, 166, 184, 185, 190Armenian (language)3, 127, 134Armenian Orthodox Church11, 121, 128, 147, 151, 156, 185, 188Assyrian9 ff., 12, 14, 147, 151, 152, 158, 165Assyrian Empire12, 26, 89(As)Syrian Fathers5, 6, 9, 11, 14, 16, 17, 46, 78, 86, 89, 92, 95, 96 ff., 100, 149, 150 ff., 166, 174, 188, 189, 190, 192Atengenoba147, 184Ateni Sioni128Azerbaijan31, 104, 173Bagavan125, 128Bakhtadze, Nodar105, 116, 176Baltrušaitis, Jurgis116Basilica105 Domed/Kreuzkuppelkirche87 Triple Church115 ff.Bell, Gertrude76Bema137 ff., 183, 184Bersouma, Pitiakhsh157, 158Bethlehem54, 133Bichvinta/Pitsunda/Pityus29Bir el-Qutt54, 133‘Black Mountain’, Turkey53, 138, 175Bodbe9, 181Bolnisi118 Bolnisi Sioni church110 ff., 118 Inscription27, 110 ff. Tuff31, 112Bosra121Brad145Braund, David3Brown, Peter37Burton, Sir Richard Francis72Butler, Howard Crosby41, 43Byzantine Empire6, 8, 13, 24, 35, 81, 145, 161, 175, 189C14 dating105Cappadocia168, 171 ff.Cave monasticism167 ff.Censers, ‘Syrian’ (see ‘Syrian’ censers)Ceramic typology105Chabukauri44, 47 ff., 117 ff., 145, 182Chalcedon, Council of7, 100, 121, 128, 132, 150Chanishvili, Tinatin55Charachidzé, Georges135 ff.Chazhashi64 ff., 179Cheremi Syrian glass find56Chilashvili, Levan116Chi Rho imagery110Chubinashvili, Giorgi17, 29, 34, 40, 44, 51, 62, 64, 65, 68, 71 ff., 85, 87, 103 ff., 109, 116, 124Church of the East13, 107, 108, 147, 165, 184, 185Chvibiani64Coin finds, Georgia55 ff.Constantinople11, 13, 16, 121, 122, 125, 166, 189Dachi, King155Damascus35, 77, 107Darbazi40, 124, 137Davit Aghmashenebeli, King37Davit Gareja60, 79 ff., 83, 100, 154, 155, 167, 173 ff. Mravalta possible tower-houses95 Silver medallion of Symeon Stylites79 ff., 100, 167, 175 Udabno monastery89Dedabodzi137Dedopolis Gora23, 55, 181Dedopolis Mindori181Deir ez Zor107Deir Mar Musa al-Habashi78, 170, 171, 172, 173Deir Sem ‘an79Demetre I, King94Demetrios I Soter, King Syrian coin of55Didache131Dighomi, Tbilisi Syrian coin55Djobadze, Wakhtang52, 53, 101, 175Dmanisi34, 160, 176Dolochopi44, 47 ff., 117 ff., 145, 182Drosha135 ff.Dura Europos28, 32, 43, 55, 57, 106 ff.Duruji, River50Dvin, Third Council of166, 188Dzveli Shuamta118, 125Eastmond, Antony3Echmiadzin, St. Gayane125, 127Edessa12, 15, 95 ff., 132, 153, 156, 157, 162Egeria133Egrisi (See Lazica)Emesa (See Homs)Ephesus, Council of13, 128, 132Euphrates12, 28, 32, 106Evlavi, Catholicos151Expositio140Foss, Clive33Fuller, Michael101, 107Fuller, Neathery107Gagoshidze, Giorgi54, 91 ff., 99, 101Gagoshidze, Iulon39, 157Garni190Georgian (language)3Georgian exceptionalism, cult of103 ff.Georgian Jews23, 26, 39, 40, 134, 181Georgian Orthodox Church11, 97, 152, 180, 185, 188, 189Geyer, Bernard33Goiladze, Vakhtang152Gori182Grabar, André130Greater Caucasus24Greek (language)16, 21, 133, 150, 151, 159Halabiyeh/Zenobia108Hamilton, R.W.74 ff.Henoticon of Zeno10, 11Holy Sepulchre, Church of60, 69, 75, 121, 139, 141, 143Homs56, 187Iberia (See Kartli)Iberian pilgrims53Idleti127Imereti90, 93, 173, 176, 177, 178, 187Iraq3, 12, 107Islam35, 166Israel-Palestine12, 16, 54, 72, 74, 132, 141, 171, 172, 173, 191Javakhishvili, Ivane14Jerusalem16, 54, 60, 61, 75, 121, 132, 133, 134, 139, 141, 142, 191 Jerusalem liturgy134 ff., 143, 184Jordan12Jvari135 ff.Jvari, Church Mtskheta130, 136, 139, 140, 183‘Jvari type’ churches123, 127Kakheti31, 56, 80, 105, 115 ff., 118, 120, 122, 125, 143, 144, 145, 147, 155, 157, 160, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 173, 175, 177, 180, 182, 188, 190, 191Karaulashvili, Irma161, 162, 163Kartli3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 16, 22, 28 ff., 40, 54 ff., 100, 101, 110, 114, 118, 120, 122, 125, 127, 128, 129, 130, 133, 134, 135, 137, 139, 141, 143, 144, 147, 149, 151, 154, 155, 156, 157, 160, 162, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 173, 175, 176, 177, 178, 180, 181, 183, 184, 187, 188, 190, 191Conversion of23, 139 Kvemo Kartli34, 56, 111, 118, 173, 176, 177, 178 Shida Kartli23, 57 ff., 112 ff., 127, 128, 133, 173, 176Kartvelian3, 20, 151, 152 Alphabet20, 36, 135, 144Kasra (See Tell al Kasra)Katskhis sveti/Katskhi’s pillar90 ff., 99, 101, 177Kekelidze, Korneli15, 150 ff., 156, 161, 164Kennedy, Hugh32–33Keramidion95 ff., 156, 157, 161, 163Kerala, India108Khabur, River106Khati135 ff.Khevsureti7, 135 ff., 146, 147, 148, 179, 180Khovle57 ff.Kiknadze, Zurab135Kipiani, Guram47, 120, 143Kleinbauer, W. Eugene122, 123Krautheimer, Richard41Kutaisi6, 75Kvareli116, 145, 182Lafontaine-Dosogne, J.85 ff., 95Laghami85 ff.Lassus, Jean41, 140Lazica3, 6, 9, 55 ff., 160, 166, 176, 177, 187, 191Lebanon3, 12, 31, 168, 169, 171, 172, 178, 191Liturgy116, 121, 130 ff., 137 ff. Eucharist121Lucian, De Dea Syria99Maaloula170Mandylion95 ff., 156, 157, 161, 162, 163Manichaeanism47, 48, 120, 143, 181, 183Ma’arrat an Numan83Maranci, Christina1, 3, 42, 123, 139, 141Mardin76, 77, 78Margishvili, Soso157Martqopeli, Giorgi, Bishop96Martqopi, ‘Stylite tower’92 f., 95 ff., 101, 177Martvili tower-house93, 177Matchabeli, Kitty62, 64Matitashvili, Shota96, 152, 153Menze, Volker11Mesopotamia3, 12, 15, 24, 28, 43, 75, 78, 98, 99, 100, 101, 106 ff., 123 ff., 132, 133, 141, 142, 143, 153, 156, 166, 175, 183, 184, 188, 190, 191Mestia63, 75, 85, 179Mgaloblishvili, Tamila10, 11, 39, 47, 53, 54, 60, 120, 143, 164, 166, 181Miaphysite11, 165, 166Mirian, King144, 181Mosul77, 78Mren125, 128Mtskheta22, 23, 26, 38 ff., 54, 55, 60, 130, 133, 139, 141, 154, 155, 158, 181, 183 Svetiskhoveli38, 139, 141Murqmeli64Nana, Queen181Nekresi29, 44 ff., 49, 51, 105, 117, 118, 120, 125, 155, 182Nerses III, Armenian Patriarch140Nisibis122Nusardel147, 185Odessa75Osrhoene3, 12, 98Palmyra34, 110Payne, Richard E.190Peradze, Gregory54Peroz, Shah of Persia110Persian Empire8, 24, 51, 118, 120, 124, 125, 145, 158, 166, 175, 181, 187, 188, 189, 190 Achaemenids24, 25, 26 Seleucids24 Parthians8, 24, 25 Sassanians8, 13, 25, 32, 109, 110, 111, 123, 125, 126, 182, 189, 190Peter the Iberian16, 191Phallobates99Pilgrimage59 f.Plontke-Lüning, Annegret1Pre-altar cross130 ff., 183Procopius16Pshavi179, 180Qalamoun169, 171Qal ‘at Sem ‘an33, 79, 80, 88, 100, 112, 113, 114, 177Qalb Lozeh112Qausiyeh, Martyrium of St. Babylas121, 145Qirq Bizeh43, 145Rabbula Gospels68, 71Ramallah70Rapp Jr, Stephen3, 5, 13, 25, 26, 47, 120, 128, 143, 181Rekha96, 155, 161, 163, 164Rkoni monastery, tower in vicinity94Roinashvili, Alexandre77Rufinus16, 150Russian (language)3Rustaveli, Shota37The Man in the Panther’s Skin37Rustavi, Kvemo Kartli Syrian glass find56Ruweiha145St. Abibos Nekreseli46, 151, 155, 159, 161St. Abo Tbiliseli160St Anton Martqopeli92, 95 ff., 156, 157, 159, 163Life of95 f.St. Daniel the Stylite98St. Davit Garejeli153, 154, 155, 156, 159, 191Life of60 ff.St. Ezderios/Isidore Nabukeli/Samtavneli96, 157, 159, 161, 163St. Ioane Zedazneli86 ff., 151, 153, 154, 155, 156, 159St. Ioseb Alaverdeli159St. Ise Tsilkneli159St. Martha (mother of St. Symeon Stylites the Younger)53, 79, 87, 88, 100Life of53, 100, 138, 149, 150St. Menas, shrine of, Egypt79St. Mikael Ulumboeli159St. Nino9, 29, 130, 136, 141, 144, 181Life of16, 23, 26, 40, 60, 134, 144St. Piros Breteli159St. Shio Mghvimeli86 ff., 151, 155, 159Life of86 ff., 95 Metaphrastic Life of151St. Stepane Khirseli159St. Shushanik, Martyrdom of20St. Symeon Stylites the Elder46, 79, 83, 85, 88 f., 91, 95, 97, 99, 100Life of53, 89, 138, 149, 150, 156St. Symeon Stylites the Younger79, 82, 83, 84, 85, 87, 88 f., 95, 97, 99, 100Life of89, 100, 138, 149, 150, 175 Monastery of52, 53, 87St. Theodosius/Tadeoz/Tata of Urhai (Edessa)/St Theodosius Rekhali or Stepantsmindeli96, 157, 159, 161, 163St. Zenon Ikaltoeli159Saydnaya170Samegrelo/ Mingrelia31, 93, 177Samtavisi161, 162, 163, 164Samtavro29, 38 ff., 56, 141Sakartvelo19, 20 ff.Sakhvadze, Ana57Sardis79Schachner, Lukas97, 101Seleucia-Ctesiphon13Semandağ52, 79, 80, 82, 87, 88, 100, 102, 138, 175, 177Sepieti, Abasha Syrian coin hoard56Septimus Severus56Shaked, Shaul54Shatberashvili, Vakhtang57 ff.Shiomghvime monastery86, 88, 89, 155Sidarus, Adel70Sidon56Silagava, Nino41Sir Bani Yas, monastery101Skhirtladze, Zaza73, 80 ff., 162Sochi75South Ossetia (See Tskhinvali)Soviet Union2, 6, 17, 36, 104, 180, 190Stylitism89 ff., 176, 177Svaneti6, 7, 61 ff., 85, 86, 136, 137, 147, 178 ff., 183Syria3, 6, 7, 12, 14, 15, 17 ff., 24, 28 ff., 35, 37, 40, 42, 51, 52 ff., 75, 78, 98, 99, 100, 101, 104, 106 ff., 118, 121, 123 ff., 129, 132, 137, 138, 141, 142, 153, 156, 166, 171, 173, 176, 178, 183, 184, 187, 188, 191, 192Syriac (language)3, 12, 13, 15, 16, 133, 150, 151, 158, 159, 160, 161, 163, 168, 169, 172, 190Syriac inscriptions109, 192Syrian9 ff., 12, 165Syrian censers66, 72 ff.Syrian Civil War5, 7, 19, 108, 171Syrian coins54 f., 59Syrian Fathers (See (As)Syrian Fathers)Syrian glass55 ff., 120, 187Syrian mosaics108 ff.Syrian Orthodox Church11, 76, 78, 107, 108, 122, 133, 147, 184, 185Syro-Mesopotamia4, 6, 8, 143Taft, Robert132Tao Klarjeti1, 19Tao (See Tao Klarjeti)Tayk‘ (See Tao Klarjeti)Tamar, Queen (King)37Taqashvili, Evtime65, 68, 71, 87Tbilisi31, 75, 77, 110, 124, 130, 136, 154, 155, 157, 160, 162, 183Tchalenko, Georges33, 42, 43, 140Tell al Kasra108Tell Tuneinir99, 101, 107 ff.Telovani, Church of the Holy Cross162Theoderet of Cyrrhus100, 138, 149, 177Tianeti136Transcaucasia1 ff., 104, 122, 127Triple Church Basilica115 ff.Tsageri86Tsilkani112 ff.Tskhinvali3, 6, 19Tsromi125, 128, 162Tuite, Kevin147Tur ‘Abdin76, 78, 122, 146Turkey3, 12, 19, 52 ff., 107, 121, 168, 188Tusheti7, 146, 147, 179, 180, 183Ubisi, ‘tower-house’89, 93 ff., 177Urbnisi23, 26, 39, 40, 54, 55, 56, 60, 133, 181, 182Uplistsikhe22, 34, 173Ushguli62 ff., 179 ‘Syrian’ chalice62 ff.Vakhtang Gorgasali, King11, 110, 154, 155Vardavar/Vartavar147, 184, 185Viranşehir156Zalabiyeh108Zedazeni, sculpture fragment89Zegaani119Zhaleti136Zhibiani64Zoroastrianism45, 46, 47, 48, 111, 124, 181, 183, 188Zuart‘noc‘42, 123, 139, 140, 141