IndexesIndex of SourcesManuscripts

The index of manuscripts does not include Cairo Genizah fragments that are edited in this volume; these fragments are listed with their shelf-marks and sigla in Table 3 above (pp. XXXXI).

Berlin, Staatsbibliothek Preussischer KulturbesitzOr. Oct. 352 (calendar treatise)510n98Cambridge University LibraryMosseri II.181 (letter)256n129T-S 8G7.1 (exilarch’s letter of 835/6)10n, 57n3, 529n10T-S 10G5.7 (book list)97T-S 10K2 (Saadya, For two months they desecrate the Sabbath)98n39T-S 10K7.1 (Scroll of Evyatar)24n53–4T-S 12.328 (letter)256n126T-S 12.729 (Scroll of Evyatar)24n53T-S 12.730 (traveller’s narrative)96n28T-S 13F2 (responsum)232n61T-S 13J11.4 (letter)210T-S A42.1 (liturgy)329n18T-S A42.2 (Haftarot lectionary)329n15T-S Ar. 29.41 (calendrical)507n95T-S Ar.50.150 (Saadya, For two months …)98n39T-S Ar.53.22 (Saadya, For two months …)98n39T-S E3.75 (Avot)329n18T-S H3.59 (Commandments)96n28T-S K2.15 (calendrical)507n95T-S NS 91.22–3 (Saadya, For two months …)98n39T-S NS 98.29 (calendar)25n56T-S NS 312.82 (list of Geonim)212–213Istanbul, Beyazit State LibraryBeyazıt 4667 (al-Biruni, Chronology)82n62Kiev, Vernadsky LibraryOPI no. 286 (Joshua b. Allan)60nn, 363n148, 486n42Leiden, UniversiteitsbibliotheekOr. 1099N (Warner 73N) (Sahl b. Maṣliaḥ)430Or. 4720 (Palestinian Talmud)420n6London, British LibraryAdd. 7197 (Elias of Nisibis)82n60, 452–460Add. 27201 (Maḥzor Vitry)510n98Harley 5508 (bRosh ha-Shanah)420n6Or. 5549.1 (list of Geonim)232n61Or. 10588.5 (calendrical)70n38Manchester, John Rylands University LibraryGaster Genizah 2 (Bible)329Moscow, Russian State LibraryGuenzburg 365 (calendrical)98n37New York, Jewish Theological Seminary3847/8 (Pirqei de-Rabbi Eliezer)60n16ENA 2687.2 (book list)83n68, 97ENA 4010.47 (letter)256n129ENA 4053.1 (Qaddish)148n155, 232n61ENA NS 10.25 (calendrical)507Oxford, Bodleian LibraryHeb. c 16.50 (unidentified)93n17, 96n28Opp. 317 (Jacob b. Samson)82n61, 84n70, 98n37, 510n98Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de FranceHébreu 1408 (calendar treatise)84n70Philadelphia, Katz Center for Advanced Judaic StudiesHalper 375 (Qaraite formulary)329n17Halper 443 (Sefer ha-Galuy)90, 96n27Private collectionex-Sassoon 535 (Maḥzor Vitry)510n100St Petersburg, Institute of Oriental ManuscriptsA221 (calendrical)84n70St Petersburg, Russian National LibraryEvr. I 736 (Sahl b. Maṣliaḥ)430Evr. II A 40 (Sahl b. Maṣliaḥ)430Evr. II A 159/15 (Sahl b. Maṣliaḥ)430Evr. IV 68 (Sahl b. Maṣliaḥ)430Evr.-Arab. I 3069 (Sefer ha-Galuy)89–91, 96n27Strasbourg, Bibliothèque nationale et universitaireHébreu 4038 (RHayye)440–451, 484n26VaticanEbr. 126 (Rabbenu Ḥananel)422n15Ebr. 299 (calendrical)82n61, 510n100
Texts

Only significant references are listed.

MishnahmRosh ha-Shanah 2:9232n60Palestinian TalmudpRosh ha-Shanah 2:6, 58b418, 422–425Babylonian TalmudbBetsah 4b366–367bRosh ha-Shanah 20b103, 158–159, 418, 422–423, 448–449bRosh ha-Shanah 21a476bRosh ha-Shanah 25a403, 406–409bSanhedrin 5a230–231bSanhedrin 11b364–365bSanhedrin 37a224n33Other Rabbinic SourcesPirqei de-Rabbi Eliezer, 8230–231Calendar Controversy Sources

This section includes texts and passages from the corpus of sources edited in this volume, wherever they are quoted or discussed in other parts of the volume. It does not include the text editions themselves, for which see the Table of Contents and Table 3.

1PalMan 30–3173BCC 3:15–4:183n65BCC 5:1–283n66BCC 21:5–22:184n71BCC 28:7–978BCC 30:1494BCC 30:16–2183n65L1BM 15:9–16:184n71LMisc 4r:6–973–4n47, 78nLMisc 5r:21–5v:1211–13LMisc 5v:20–2285n73LMisc 6r:17–6v:172–3LMisc 6v:5–1178, 85n73LSaad 2v:3–695LSaad 8r:6–819n36
General IndexAbbasid (‘secular’) authorities21n47, 32, 118–119nn, 138n110, 376n216see also AmīrAbraham bar Ḥayya25–6, 77, 99, 440–442, 484n26, 486nn, 532Abramson, S.212–213‘Adar and Adar’362–365Adler, E.30–2, 36, 51Aharon b. Amram378–379Amīr136n95, 196n230Ananites18, 22n, 32n19, 334–335, 376–385Babylonian leadership122–123, 284–285, 340–341 factions17–18, 20–1, 23Battānī, al-71–2ben Meir Babylonian Talmud, use of223n30, 231–233 calendar announcement13–15, 51, 120–121nn calendar knowledge67–8 ‘excommunicated’32, 124n38, 432–433 head of Council15–16, 118–119, 124–125 head of Sanhedrin212, 226n39, 229 Letters209–278, 334–335, 374–385 name93n17, 125n39, 143n134, 212–214, 244–245n121, 296–297, 345n negative portrayal32, 37–8, 101–102 polemic against Saadya18–20, 244–245, 334, 376–383 visit to Babylonia17–18, 211, 382–383Book of the Calendar Controversy21, 51–2, 87–206, 285, 296–297, 523–524 authorship92–9 dissemination101n, 285 manuscripts103–109, 524–526 ‘Memorandum’91–2, 94–5 readership108–109, 113 structure99–103 textual tradition109–110 title89–92see also vocalization and cantillationBornstein, H.Y.32–7, 68–72, 74, 105, 254–255, 286–287, 326–327, 366n162, 510–511, 523Brody, R.41–2, 93n22calendar, Jewish (rabbinic)58–61 19-year cycle60, 364–367, 435–436, 484n26 annual announcements9–11, 13–14 Babylonian independence10–13, 79, 333, 364–369 common people’s342–345 institution, finalisation12, 43, 57–8, 67n30, 535–536 Mishnaic9–10, 420 Palestinian authority9–10, 79, 211, 362–365, 378–379, 416–425, 525 ShWḤ KHZ ḤDW64–5, 79–80, 388–391see also eras, Four Gates, molad, molad zaqen, tequfotcalendar manuals, Palestinian24, 73, 478–522‘calendar’, word for97n34, 123n32, 366–367cantillation see vocalizationChristians376n214, 437, 452–460codicology and manuscripts35–6, 46–9, 54, 168–175, 526controversy of 921/2 aftermath24–6, 34–5, 526–527 ‘Babylonian victory’20–23, 25, 38–9, 286, 525–526 mixed allegiances17, 330, 466–475 narrative of events13–23, 100–103 polemical accusations101–102, 327n8, 330–331, 388, 533n22 political motives15–18, 34, 534 recurrences23, 67, 444–446 ‘schism’18–19, 31, 334–335, 380–381, 384–385, 531–534 science, lack of6–7, 56, 81, 525David ben Zakkai21–3, 94, 149, 229, 376–377Day of Atonement139, 289, 382–383, 467, 476–477Derekh Erets Zuta416–418Dilāṣ14, 28, 230n51, 376–377Drory, R.111Easter454–460, 535Elias of Nisibis22, 27, 452–460epistolary practices209–210, 256nn, 289–290Epstein, A.31, 67–8eras Creation69–70, 330n, 462, 486n42 Destruction120n17, 240–241, 328–330, 386, 392–393 Hijrah453–456 Seleucid327–328, 330n, 333, 368–369, 374–375, 453–456Esther, book of111–112, 122nn, 132nnEvyatar, Scroll24–5, 233n64excommunication228–229n44, 377n220, 384n260see also ben Meirexilarch90n6, 134–135, 232n61see also Babylonian leadership; Book of the Calendar Controversy, authorship; David ben ZakkaiExilarch’s letter of 835/610, 57, 529, 532fascicle173–175Fleischer, E.37–8, 54, 161Four Gates17, 79–86 of ben Meir128–131, 156–159, 234–241, 248–249 of Nisan70–1, 446, 509–511, 519n139 polemics against331–332, 356–363, 400–409, 418–425Friedberg Genizah Project44, 49Friedländer, M.254, 262n184Gamaliel, Rabban232–233, 407n33Gil, M.19n34, 20n40, 41n39, 50, 212–214, 287, 457n81Guillaume, A.36–7, 322Ḥananel, Rabbenu158, 422n15Harkavy, A.28–30, 45, 89–93, 254, 269–271Hayye Gaon68, 70–71, 77, 440–451, 484n26, 511ḥazzan221n25, 228–229n44‘head of the academy’, Palestinian214n, 332, 363–373see also ben MeirHebrew language527–528Hirschfeld, H.31–2hours62, 147n151ʿibbur see ‘calendar’, word for; intercalationintercalation59–60, 362–365, 422–425Jacob bar Samson25–6, 98, 510Jaffe, Z.H.41, 71, 75, 77–9Jeroboam120–121n14, 232n62, 350n86, 382–383Joshua ben Allan60nn, 363n148, 486n42Judeo-Arabic orthography411, 437n22, 491–492, 499juzʾ see fasciclekallah10–11, 150n165Khuwārizmī, Muḥammad b. Mūsā al-57–8, 82n61, 363n148, 437n21Langermann, T.12n11Lasker, A.A. and D.J.69n37, 76–7Lévi, I.30–1, 45, 336–337Loewinger, Y.71Maghreb413–415, 467, 476Maḥzor Vitry25–6, 510Malter, H.39–41, 89–90, 95n25, 97, 335Mann, J.322–323, 326–327, 440–444Manuscripts see codicologyMemorandumsee Book of the Calendar ControversyMidrash Sekhel Tov510Mishnahsee Talmudmolad59, 61–3, 412–415, 418–425, 434–436molad zaqen (midday postponement)59, 66n28, 75, 77–8, 84–5 641–642 parts rule65–79Mūsā, Rabbi382–383Muslims22, 57, 286, 376n214, 437Nadīm, ibn al-98Naharwani, Yose al-62n24, 82nnNeubauer, A.28–30, 254, 281new moon sighting22, 286–288, 400–409, 418–425, 467, 529–530orality82–4, 112–113see also vocalization and cantillationpalaeography see codicology and manuscriptsPassover see Day of AtonementPinsker, S.27Pirqei de-Rabbi Eliezer58, 60n16, 230–231n55, 363n147Poznański, S.28–9, 33, 431–432Ptolemy, Almagest12, 61, 62n22, 70–1Qaraites98–9, 419–420, 429–433, 436–437, 466–475 in the controversy of 921/222, 126–127n48, 286, 529–531Qirqisānī, Jacob476–477, 530Rabbenu Tam98Rashi98rotulus386–387, 400–401Rustow, M.ix, 23n51, 39n36, 43n1, 530n12, 532n18Saadyaaluf14, 94, 374–375 calendar works97–9 early career14, 29, 306–307, 315n143, 334, 376–377, 442–444 Letters14–15, 19, 49–50, 279–319, 332–333 role in controversy14n24, 18–20, 95, 279, 296–297, 300–301n82, 431–432, 463, 524–525Sefer ha-Galuy28, 89–91, 95–6, 111–113see also ben Meir; Book of the Calendar Controversy, authorship; Brody, R.; Malter, H.Sahl ben Maṣliaḥ27, 29, 124n38, 233n64, 429–433Sar-Shalom, R.12nn, 41, 69n37, 76Schechter, S.30–2, 50–2, 281–282Sefer ha-Moʿadim see Book of the Calendar ControversySherira Gaon, Epistle18n, 20–1, 442, 445–446Tabernacles9, 11, 15, 121n18Talmud137, 158–159, 406–409, 417–425, 525see also ben Meirtequfot59n11, 443, 507–508, 518–521text edition, critical and diplomaticxvi–xviii, 52–4, 115–116translationxix, 54–5Vidro, N.ix, 46n6vocalization and cantillation54, 95–7, 108–114, 161, 163n21, 190 Babylonian and Tiberian175–176, 280 cantillation effects134n83, 163nn24–5, 196n226 vocalized numbersxx, 175–176, 180nn, 183–184nn, 193n217Vollandt, R.ix, 44Yaḥyā ibn Saʿīd455–458

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