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  • NotoFlavio. Secondary Liability in International Criminal Law: A Study on Aiding and Abetting or Otherwise Assisting the Commission of International Crimes. Zurich: Dike Publishers2013.

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  • SeilsPaul. Handbook on Complementarity: An Introduction to the Role of National Courts and the ICC in Prosecuting International Crimes. New York: International Centre for Transitional Justice 2016.

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  • SliedregtElies van. Individual Criminal Responsibility in International Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press2012.

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  • Stanley Cohen. States of Denial: Knowing about Atrocities and Suffering. Cambridge: Polity Press2001.

  • TeitelRuti. Transitional Justice. New York: Oxford University Press2000.

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  • TrompNevenka. Prosecuting Slobodan Milošević: The Unfinished Trial. London: Routledge2016.

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Edited Books

  • BergsmoMorten and Cheah Wui Ling eds. Old Evidence and Core International Crimes. Beijing: Torkel Opsahl Academic Publisher2012.

  • BotheMichael et al eds. New Rules for Victims of Armed Conflicts: Commentary on the Two Protocols Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 1949. Leiden: Koninkliike Brill NV2013.

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  • DurhamHelen and Tracey Gurd eds. Listening to the Silences: Women and War. Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff2005.

  • GreenbergKaren and Joshua Dratel eds. The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib. uk: Cambridge University Press2005.

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  • MayRichard et al eds. Essays on ICTY Procedure and Evidence. The Hague: Kluwer Law International2001.

  • NagyRosemary et al eds. Transitional Justice. New York: New York University Press2012.

  • PolitiMauro and Guiseppe Nesi eds. The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: A Challenge to Impunity. Aldershot: Ashgate2001.

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  • RisseThomas et al eds. The Power of Human Rights: International Norms and Domestic Change. uk: Cambridge University Press1999.

  • Roht-ArriazaNaomi and Javier Mariezcurrna eds. Transnational Justice in the Twenty-First Century: Beyond Truth Versus Justice. uk: Cambridge University Press2006.

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  • RolingBVA and CF Ruter ed. The Tokyo Judgments: The International Military Tribunal for the Far East. Amsterdam: apa University Press1977.

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  • SellarsKirsten ed. Trials for International Crimes in Asia. uk: Cambridge University Press2016.

Chapters in Edited Books

  • AmbosKai. “Individual Criminal Responsibility in International Criminal Law: A Jurisprudential Analysis – From Nuremberg to The Hague.” In Substantive and Procedural Aspects of International Criminal Law: The Experience of International and National Courts vol. i edited by Gabrielle McDonald and Olivia Swaak-Goldman331. The Hague: Kluwer Law International2000.

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  • ArchardDavid. “The Mens Rea of Rape: Reasonableness and Culpable Mistakes,” In A Most Detestable Crime: New Philosophical Essays on Rape edited by Burgess-JacksonKeith21329. New York: Oxford University Press1999.

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  • CopelonRhonda. “Gendered War Crimes: Reconceptualizing Rape in Times of War.” In Women’s Rights Human Rights: International Feminist Perspectives edited by Julia Peters and Andrea Wolper197214. London: Routledge1995.

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  • EisikovitsNir. “Peace Versus Justice in Transitional Settings.” In Philosophy of Transitional Justice special issue of Politica & Societa vol 2 edited by Claudeo Corradetti22136. Bologna: Mulino2013.

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  • EserAlbin. “Individual Criminal Responsibility.” In The Rome Statute of the ICC: A Commentary edited by Antonio Cassese et al767822. Oxford: Oxford University Press2002.

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  • GuzmanAndrew and Timothy Meyer. “Customary International Law in the 21st Century.” In Progress in International Organization edited by Russell Miller and Rebecca Bratspeis197218. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers2007.

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  • HaqueRidwanul and Lutz Oette. “The Long Shadows of 1971.” In Post-Conflict Justice Peace and Human Rights edited by Mizanur Rahman5172. Dhaka: elcop and Palal Prokashani2009.

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  • HolmesJohn. “Complementarity: National Courts versus the ICC.” In The Rome Statute of the ICC: A Commentary vol 1 edited by Antonio Cassese et al65974. Oxford: Oxford University Press2002.

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  • IslamAmir-Ul. “Towards the Prosecution of Core International Crimes before the International Crimes Tribunals.” In Old Evidence and Core International Crimes edited by Morten Bergsmo and Cheah Wui Ling21537. Beijing: Torkel Opsahl Academic Publisher2012.

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  • IslamM Rafiqul. “History of the North-South Divide in International Law: Colonial Discourses, Sovereignty, and Self-Determination.” In International Environmental Law and the Global South edited by Shawkat Alam et al2349. New York: Cambridge University Press2015.

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  • IslamM Rafiqul. “The Pursuit of Post-Conflict Justice through War Crimes Trials in Bangladesh: Challenges and Options.” In Post-Conflict Justice Peace and Human Rights edited by Mizanur Rahman122. Dhaka: elcop and Palal Prokashani2009.

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  • IslamM Rafiqul. “Trials of International Crimes in Bangladesh: Prosecutorial Strategies, Defence Arguments and Judgments.” In Trials for International Crimes in Asia edited by Kirsten Sellars30117. uk: Cambridge University Press2016.

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  • IslamMd Shahinur. “The International Crimes (Tribunals) Act of 1973 and the Rules: Substantive and Procedural.” In Old Evidence and Core International Crimes edited by Morten Bergsmo and Cheah Wui Ling24355. Beijing: Torkel Opsahl Academic Publisher2012.

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  • JahanRaunaq. “Genocide in Bangladesh.” In Century of Genocide: Critical Essays and Eyewitness Account edited by Samuel Totten et al24978. London: Rutledge2004.

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  • LintonSuzannah. “Putting Things into Perspective: The Realities of Accountability in East Timor, Indonesia and Cambodia.” In Post-Conflict Justice Peace and Human Rights edited by Mizanur Rahman20624. Dhaka: elcop and Palal Prokashani2009.

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  • MinowMartha. “The Hope for Healing: What Can Truth Commission Do?.” In Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commission edited by Robert Rotberg and Dennis Thompson23560. Princeton: Princeton University Press2000.

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  • MookherjeeNayanika. “Mass Rape and the Inscription of Gendered and Racial Domination During the Bangladesh War of 1971.” In Rape in Wartime edited by Raphaelle Branche and Fabrice Virgile6778. England: Palgrave Macmillan2012.

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  • Olson Laura. “Re-enforcing Enforcement in a Specialized Convention on Crimes Against Humanity.” In Forging A Convention for Crimes Against Humanity edited by Leila Sadat32344. uk: Cambridge University Press2011.

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  • OttoTriffterer. “Bangladesh’s Attempts to Achieve Post-war (or Transitional?) Justice in Accordance with International Legal Standards.” In Old Evidence and Core International Crimes edited by Morten Bergsmo and Cheah Wui Ling257300. Beijing: Torkel Opsahl Academic Publisher2012.

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  • PolitiMauro. “The Debate within the Preparatory Commission for the International Criminal Court.” In The International Criminal Court and the Crime of Aggression edited by Mauro Politi and Giuseppe Nesi4354. Aldershot: Ashgate2004.

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  • Razzaq Abdur. “The Trials in Bangladesh: Falling Short of International Standards.” In Trials for International Crimes in Asia edited by Kirsten Sellars34159. uk: Cambridge University Press2016.

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  • RuXue. “Crimes against Peace in the Tokyo Trial.” In Historical War Crimes Trials in Asia edited by Liu Daqun and Zhang Binxin130. Brussels: Torkel Opsahl Academic Publisher2016.

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  • RugegeSam and Aime Karimunda. “Domestic Prosecution of International Crimes; The Case of Rwanda.” In Africa and the International Criminal Court vol. 1 edited by Gerhard WerleLovell Fernandez and Moritz Vormbaum Gerhard Werle79116. The Hague: Springer International Criminal Justice Series (asser Press)2014.

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  • SadatLeila. “A Comprehensive History of the Proposed International Convention on the Prevention and punishment of Crimes Against Humanity.” In Forging A Convention for Crimes Against Humanity edited by Leila Sadatpreface. uk: Cambridge University Press2011.

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  • SchabasWilliam. “Origins of the Criminalization of Aggression: How Crimes against Peace Become the ‘Supreme International Crime’.” In The International Criminal Court and the Crime of Aggression edited by Mauro Politi and Giuseppe Nesi1732. Aldershot: Ashgate2004.

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  • Sellers Patricia. “Individual(s) Liability for Collective Sexual Violence.” In Gender and Human Rights edited by Karen Knop153194. Oxford: Oxford University Press2004.

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  • SellersPatricia. “The Context of Sexual Violence: Sexual Violence as Violations of International Humanitarian Law.” In Substantive and Procedural Aspects of International Criminal Law: The Experience of International and National Courts edited by Gabrielle McDonald and Olivia Swaak-Goldman vol. i263323. The Hague: Kluwer Law International2000.

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  • StrapatsasNicolaos“Aggression.” In Routledge Handbook of International Criminal Law edited by William Schabas and Nadia Bernaz15568. London: Routledge2011.

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Articles

  • AbbottKenneth. “International Relations Theory, International Law and Regime Governing Atrocities in Armed Conflict.” American Journal of International Law 93 no. 2 (1999): 36879.

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  • AcevesWilliam. “Relative Normatively: Challenging the Sovereignty Norm through Human Rights Litigation.” Hastings International & Comparative Law Review 25 no.3 (2002): 26178.

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  • AfrinZakia. “The International War Crimes (Tribunal) Act, 1973 of Bangladesh.” Indian Yearbook of International Law and Policy (2009): 34148.

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  • AkhavanPayam. “The Crime of Genocide in the ICTR Jurisprudence.” Journal of International Criminal Justice 3 no. 4 (2005): 9891008.

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  • AkmamWardatul. “Atrocities against Humanity During the Liberation War in Bangladesh: The Case of Genocide.” Journal of Genocide Research 4 no. 4 (2002): 54349.

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  • AlexanderAmanda. “International Humanitarian Law, Postcolonialism and the 1977 Geneva Protocol I.” Melbourne Journal of International Law 17 no. 1 (2016): 136.

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  • AlexanderLarry and Kimberly Kessler. “Mena Rea and Inchoate Crimes,” Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 87 no. 4 (1997): 113893.

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  • AllainJean and John Jones. “A Patchwork of Norms: A Commentary on the 1996 Draft Code of Crimes against the Peace and Security of Mankind.” European Journal of International Law 8 no. 1 (1997): 100117.

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  • AmbosKai. “General Principles of Criminal Law in the Rome Statute.” Criminal Law Forum 10 no. 1 (1999): 132.

  • AptelCecile. “The Intent to Commit Genocide in the Case Law of the International Tribunal for Rwanda.” Criminal Law Forum 13 no. 3 (2002): 27390.

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  • ArztDonna. “Views on the Ground: The Local Perception of International Criminal Tribunals in the Former Yugoslavia and Sierra Leone.” Annals of the Academy of Political and Social Science 603 no. 1 (2006): 22635.

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  • AscensioHerve. “The Rules of Procedure and Evidence of the ICTY.” Leiden Journal of International Law 9 no. 2 (1996): 46778.

  • AskinKelly. “Developments in International Criminal Law: Sexual Violence in Decisions and Indictments of the Yugoslav and Rwandan Tribunals: Current Status.” American Journal of International Law 93 no. 1 (1999): 97123.

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  • AskinKelly. “Prosecuting Wartime Rape and Other Gender-Related Crimes under International Law: Extraordinary Advances, Enduring Obstacles.” Berkeley Journal of International Law 21 no. 2 (2003): 288349.

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  • AskinKelly. “The International War Crimes Trial of Anto Furundžija: Major Progress Toward Ending the Cycle of Impunity for Rape Crimes.” Leiden Journal of International Law 12 no. 4 (1999): 93555.

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  • AskinKelly. “The Quest for Post-Conflict Gender Justice.” Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 41 no. 3 (2003): 50912.

  • BaadeHans. “The Eichmann Trial: Some Legal Aspects.” Duke Law Journal 3 (1961): 400420.

  • BakkerCraig. “The Future of Former Head of State Immunity after Ex Parte Pinochet.” International and Comparative Law Quarterly 48 no. 4 (1999): 93749.

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  • BantekasIlias. “The Contemporary Law of Superior Responsibility.” American Journal of International Law 93 no. 3 (1999): 57395.

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  • BarriaLilian and Steven Roper. “How Effective are International Crimes Tribunals? An Analysis of the ICTY and ICTR.” International Journal of Human Rights 9 no. 3 (2005): 34968.

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  • BarriaLilian and Steven Roper. “How Effective are International Crimes Tribunals? An Analysis of the ICTY and ICTR.” International Journal of Human Rights 9 no. 3 (2005): 34968.

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  • BassGary. “Bargaining Away Justice: India, Pakistan and the International Politics of Impunity for the Bangladesh Genocide.” International Security 41 no. 2 (2016): 14087.

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  • BassiouniM Cherif. “‘Crimes Against Humanity’: The Need for a Specialized Convention.” Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 31 no. 2 (1993–94): 457-402.

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  • BassiouniM Cherif. “Crimes Against Humanity: The Case for a Specialized Convention.” Washington University Global Studies Law Review 9 no. 4 (2010): 57593.

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  • BassiouniM Cherif. “International Crimes: Jus Cogens and Obligatio Erga Omnes.” Law & Contemporary Problems 59 no. 4 (1996): 6374.

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  • BaxterCraig. “Pakistan Votes – 1970.” Asian Survey 11 no. 3 (1971): 197218.

  • BeachlerDonald. “The Politics of Genocide Scholarship: The Case of Bangladesh.” Journal of Patterns of Prejudice 41 no. 5 (2007): 46792.

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  • BedermanDavid. “Acquiescence, Objection and the Death of Customary International Law.” Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law 21(2010–11): 3145.

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  • BedermanDavid. “Situation in the Republic of Kenya.” American Journal of International Law 106 no. 1 (2012): 11825.

  • BellChristine. “Transitional Justice, Interdisciplinarity and the State of the ‘Field’ or ‘Non-Field’.” International Journal of Transitional Justice 3 no. 1 (2009): 527.

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  • BenzingMarkus. “The Complementarity Regime of the International Criminal Court: International Criminal Justice between State Sovereignty and the Fight against Impunity.” Max Planck Yearbook of UN Law 7 no. 1 (2003): 591632.

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  • BergsmoMorten and Elisa Novic. “Justice after Decades in Bangladesh: National Trials for International Crimes.” Journal of Genocide Research 13 no. 4 (2011): 50310.

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  • BianchiAdrea. “Immunity Versus Human Rights: The Pinochet Case.” European Journal of International Law 10 no. 2 (2002): 23777.

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  • BolingDavid. “Mass Rape, Enforced Prostitution, and the Japanese Imperial Army: Japan Eschews International Legal Responsibility?” Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 32 no. 3 (1995): 53390.

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  • BondJames et al. “Determining Customary International Law Relative to the Conduct of Hostilities in Non-International Armed Conflict”. American University Journal of International Law and Policy 2 no. 2 (1987): 451538.

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  • BurkeSamuel. “The Postwar Diplomacy of the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971.” Asian Survey 13 no. 11 (1973): 103649.

  • CharneyJonathan. “Universal International Law.” American Journal of International Law 87 no. 4 (1993): 52951.

  • ChigasGeorge. “The Politics of Defining Justice after the Cambodian Genocide.” Journal of Genocide Research 2 no. 2 (2000): 24565.

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  • ChopraSurabhi. “The International Crimes Tribunal in Bangladesh: Silencing Fair Comment.” Journal of Genocide Research 17 no. 2 (2015): 21120.

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  • CohenDavid. “‘Hybrid’ Justice in East Timor, Sierra Leone, and Cambodia: ‘Lessons Learned’ and Prospect for the Future.” Stanford Journal of International Law 43 no. 1 (2007): 138.

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  • CohenDavid. “‘Justice on the Cheap’ Revisited: The Failure of the Serious Crimes Trials in East Timor.” Asia Pacific Issues 1 no. 80 (2006): 112.

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  • CopelonRhonda. “Gender Crimes as War Crimes: Integrating Crimes Against Women into International Criminal Law.” McGill Law Journal 46 no. 1 (2000): 21733.

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  • D’CostaBina and Sara Hossain. “Redress for Sexual Violence before the International Crimes Tribunal in Bangladesh: Lessons from History and Hopes for the Future.” Criminal Law Forum 21 no. 2 (2010): 33159.

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National Trials of International Crimes in Bangladesh

Transitional Justice as Reflected in Judgments