IndexAas224Abildgaard, Nicolai77Abrahamson, Werner H. F.226227absolutism2, 56, 10, 12, 17, 2021, 28, 4849, 5456, 63, 6667, 90, 125, 137138, 145, 163164, 168, 190, 230, 235, 273278, 280282, 285and debates over Danish agrarian reforms241, 246247, 249, 264, 268, 270272and the Norwegian odelsbonde212, 218219, 232Holberg and Dano-Norwegian5052, 5758introduction in Denmark-Norway4144, 168, 241, 246Mallet and Dano-Norwegian73, 7577, 82Molesworth’s attack on Dano-Norwegian4547Schøning, Suhm and Dano-Norwegian96, 113, 119, 122Sneedorff and Dano-Norwegian8586adscription3, 18, 192, 194, 208, 234235, 242, 244, 247251, 253255, 258260, 263268, 279, 281, 285Ancher on the origins of143Akershus212Allen, Carl Ferdinand21allodium132, 145147, 151, 169, 201, 278and the relation to odelsrett201defined in relation to feudum145Ancher, Peder Kofoed6467, 76, 131, 138146, 149151, 160161, 168169, 247, 254255, 264265, 275276, 278ancien regime8, 271ancient constitution912, 27, 46, 55, 57, 73, 111, 129, 133, 163, 166, 242, 245, 255, 278279, 281282, 284Gothic46, 51, 81Nordic2, 5, 77, 130, 150151, 158159, 174, 213, 215, 252, 262, 274275, 283, 285ancient constitutionalism22, 46, 78, 93, 101, 112113, 122, 151, 164, 218, 272, 276277, 279, 282, 285historiography of1012, 1518history in Denmark-Norway before 173028Ansbach238antiquarianism3639, 9596Suhm and Schøning’s relation to9596Ararat92, 97Aristocracy;nobility11, 2930, 39, 159, 213, 246, 255Gram and the historical development of134135, 137Arngrímur Jónsson37, 7375Árni Magnússon37Asia34, 70, 76, 98100, 125, 275Babel92, 9798, 101Baden, Gustav Ludvig124126, 128, 164168, 279280Baden, Jacob212Baden, Torkel240245, 281balance of trade178, 181, 183Baltic Sea241Bang, Oluf Lundt258262, 264268, 271272, 281Bartholin, Thomas28, 3738, 62, 80Bergen34, 211Bergsgård, Arne18Bering, Vitus43Bernstorff, A. P.82, 240Bernstorff, J. H. E.68, 76, 82, 96, 120, 238Berntsen, Arendt241birkeret142, 161, 191Bisgaard, Holger179Bjørn, Claus269Black Plague189Blanck, Anton83Blanning, Tim53bonde108, 116, 134the Norwegian186Book of Fiefs;Libri FeudorumBoulainvilliers, Henri de12, 136Bredal, Niels Krogh83Britain;England10, 75, 87, 184185Brun, Johan Nordahl211214, 216, 219, 224, 226bryde253255Brynjólfur Sveinsson37Bull, Francis59, 147Bull, Hans210Buno, Johan44, 57Burgess, Glenn1011Caesar, Julius102, 188cameralism177179, 235Carl of Hesse, Prince of269censorship44, 89, 175, 197Christensen, Dan Charly179, 235Christensen, Olav103Christian ii, King of Denmark–Norway40, 260Christian iii, King of Denmark–Norway30, 34Christian iv, King of Denmark–Norway34, 39, 6263, 260Christian v, King of Denmark–Norway4445, 168, 197, 269270Christian vii, King of Denmark–Norway1, 96, 120, 168, 176, 237, 242, 244, 270Christiania184, 200, 204Christianity2, 116117, 126, 129, 132, 149, 159, 165, 241, 252Baden’s view of the introduction of165Rothe’s historical view of155157Suhm’s view of the introduction of116117climate232influence on ancient Northerners78Cnut the Great, King of Denmark62, 117, 159160, 165, 167, 169, 243Colbjørnsen, Christian12, 45, 265268, 270272, 281282view of odelsretten227231collective memory89commerce;trade13, 23, 5556, 6263, 86, 120, 155, 174, 177, 180181, 184185, 220, 239, 249, 256in antiquity71, 78, 80, 110111, 113114, 117, 122123, 126, 278commercial society3, 1112, 21, 23, 56, 78, 103, 113, 118, 174, 180, 188, 192, 199, 232, 272, 283, 285commissiongovernment12, 257258, 260, 263, 265267reform;government commissionconqueror136, 144, 150conquest144146, 149150, 156, 159, 239, 253, 256, 263, 272, 278, 281conscription257258, 268coronation charter27, 2931, 39, 41, 58, 274council of the realm27, 2932, 4041, 52, 279coup d’état1, 177, 234, 257Craig, Thomas136Dalin, Olof7374Damsholt, Tine266Damsholt, Torben60Darius I, King of Persia102Dass, Benjamin95democracy151, 166, 246, 255, 271despotism12, 45, 47, 52, 56, 6567, 7577, 86, 274275division of labour78, 181, 183, 190, 199, 215, 226, 253, 284Døderlein, Michael Sundt203206, 213214dominum66, 145146Dons, Jens Bing148149, 204Dræbye, Frantz184Eckhart, J. G.99economy4, 20, 132, 160, 182, 185, 199, 206, 215217, 232, 243, 249, 251, 255, 279, 283284Danish16, 115, 190, 192193, 233, 235, 240, 242, 262263, 271Norwegian5, 23, 30, 186190, 208209, 225Edda38, 54, 101102Eidsvoll217, 231Ellis, Harold A.137emulation4, 46, 118, 208, 286Engelhardt, Julianne183England;Britain1011, 14, 40, 4546, 74, 111, 136, 144145, 159, 253, 285in debates over Danish agrarian reforms4, 193194, 241, 256Enlightenment, the23, 6, 1314, 20, 2223, 28, 53, 69, 84, 96, 135, 180, 274, 286and ancient constitutionalism1011, 16, 286and tradition79, 15, 283in Denmark-Norway1415Erichsen, Jon68, 109Eric of Pomerania, King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden40Eriksen, Anne94Essendrop, Jens200203, 222estatesmeeting of4142, 46, 57, 77, 122Ewensen, Lorenz147149, 204206Fabricius, Christian Albrecht254256, 259, 265267, 271272, 281, 285Falbe–Hansen, Vigand234Falsen, Christian Magnus218, 232Falsen, Enevold de207, 225226Falster247, 266familial right;odelsrettFeldbæk, Ole20, 93, 130, 179, 235feudalism;feudal law121, 127, 130133, 135138, 141, 143, 149150, 156157, 159160, 167, 196, 198, 239, 263, 271272, 278279still a threat in eighteenth–century Norway207, 223, 228, 232, 280281feudal law136, 139, 141, 144, 150, 216feudal system;121, 157, 159feudalismFilangieri, Gaetano223Forbes, Duncan11Foucault, Michel94France10, 1213, 40, 62, 66, 119, 136, 144145, 164, 180, 188Frankfurt239Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark–Norway1, 41, 268269, 271Frederik iii, King of Denmark–Norway27, 41, 48, 77Frederik iv, King of Denmark–Norway48, 206, 258, 260Frederik v, King of Denmark–Norway53, 68, 120, 174, 237freedom of the press1, 89, 96, 177, 209, 276French Revolution12, 163, 177, 230, 279Friis, Peder Clausson34, 148Gay, Peter6, 13Gebhardi, Ludwig Albrecht123, 254, 279Geneva69, 75, 79, 82Gentofte240Germany48, 72, 99, 121, 136, 159, 165, 188Gibbon, Edward7273Gorm the Elder, King of Denmark116, 121, 144gothicism3536, 71Goths3536, 7072, 76, 105Gotland35Göttingen84, 100, 126, 130, 238Gram, Hans96, 115116, 131, 133140, 150, 159160, 168169, 278Griffenfeld, Peder Schumacher50Grotius, Hugo49Gustav Vasa, King of Sweden32Habermas, Jürgen176Håkon iv, King of Norway30Håkon the Good, King of Norway110111, 113, 148, 150, 200201, 216, 228229Schøning’s view of110111Håkon V, King of Norway30Halbwachs, Maurice8Ham, son of Noah98Hansa League189Hansen, Vilhelm August267Hans I, King of Denmark–Norway62Harald Bluetooth, King of Denmark117, 243Harald Fairhair, King of Norway34, 74, 106, 109111, 113, 121, 144, 148, 150, 169, 228, 277Schøning’s view of109111Sneedorff’s view of144Harald Hardråde, King of Norway211hauldr108, 229Heitmann, Daniel194Hennings, August154Herodotus102herremand29, 133134historiographerroyal32, 3738, 43history56, 1012, 1618, 2023, 27, 3740, 4344, 5063, 65, 7375, 77, 8386, 9091, 9295, 97, 100102, 104107, 109, 111115, 117, 120, 123, 125127, 129134, 138140, 144146, 150, 152, 154156, 158, 164166, 168169, 173, 183, 189, 198, 207, 216, 234235, 239, 242243, 246248, 252, 254, 259, 263, 265, 273274, 277278284and tradition69, 15, 132biblical92, 97conjectural85, 115, 131, 153narrative political3234, 36, 52national109of law130, 138, 146147, 200, 204philosophical22, 6870, 72, 91, 94, 149, 155, 164, 252, 278the role of odelsretten in Norwegian198201, 206, 213, 215, 217, 222223, 226228, 231232Hobsbawm, Eric8Høegh-Guldberg, Ove97, 119120, 122, 176, 244, 278Hojer, Andreas50Holberg, Ludvig14, 5051, 5567, 6970, 85, 92, 126, 140, 147149, 175, 240241, 254, 274276on luxury181182view of the Norwegian odelsbonde147Holm, Edvard16, 20, 234235, 248, 250, 254, 272, 282, 284Holstein254Holstein, Johan Ludwig von137Holt, Andreas184honour44, 76, 137, 161, 198, 216, 221, 256, 276Ancher’s view of65Montesquieu on55, 6566Sneedorff’s view of5556, 8790Hont, Istvan180181Hoppe, Peder203207, 213214, 217Horstbøll, Henrik20, 45, 55, 71, 8485, 93, 115, 124, 131132, 153154, 251, 279Høst, Jens Kragh124hoveri191labour serviceHuitfeldt, Arild27, 34, 3940, 46, 57, 133, 139Hume, David11, 176, 240Iceland7375, 109, 153Mallet on ancient7375, 275Schøning on ancient109identity18, 20, 73, 75, 97, 198, 284national8, 1820, 198, 280Ihre, Johan100imperium145Japhet, son of Noah98, 101102Jensen, Hans18, 194, 235, 252, 257, 272, 284Jensen, Johan Fjord84Jordanes71Jørgensen, Ellen138Jørgensen, Eva Krause236Juel, Niels Krabbe264265Justi, J. H. G. von180181Jutland2930, 40, 140, 248, 268271, 282Kalmar28, 32, 40, 58, 62, 206Kant, Immanuel6, 229Keyser, Rudolf21Kidd, Colin11, 81Kjærgaard, Thorkild236, 248Klein, William10Klestrup, Søren247Klopstock, Friedrich84Koht, Halvdan18, 108Kringen112, 206Kristiansand221La Beaumelle, Laurent Angliviel de64, 68labour service, forced;hoveri194, 238, 242, 244, 248, 250, 255257, 259260, 265, 271, 285in Danish rural society191192Rothe on the origins of162Langebek, Jakob96Leganger, Christopher Munthe217Leibniz, G. W.99, 156leidang29, 111, 134, 150Leipzig239Lex Regia4243, 50, 65liberty1, 11, 40, 4647, 52, 164, 167, 193, 223, 230, 234, 238, 248249, 261, 266267, 274275, 281282, 284allodial132, 151153, 157158, 160, 163, 169170, 196, 216217, 252, 279and property in debates over rural reform2, 196, 210, 219, 237238, 245, 256, 259, 266, 282civil127, 162, 208, 235, 250, 271, 281Mallet on7172, 74, 76popular2, 56, 18, 2022, 116, 120121, 123124, 129, 133, 143144, 149150, 163, 165166, 168, 173174, 198, 212213, 215216, 225, 246, 254255, 267, 270271, 272, 274, 278281, 283284Sneedorff on89Suhm and Schøning on9394, 104, 109, 115116, 119, 122Libri Feudorum135136, 140141, 144145, 149, 153Lind, Gunnar48Lolland247, 266Lombards71, 105, 135n, 135136, 140, 144145, 243Lombardy131Lütken, Frederik181182, 189, 193194Lütken, Otto Didrik182Lüttichau, Frederik Christian Tønne von270271luxury173, 186187, 194, 251debate in Denmark–Norway180185Suhm’s view of118119with regard to Norway188189, 214216, 232Lycurgus207Lyschander, Claus35Macpherson, James100Magnus, Johannes35Magnus the Lawmender, King of Norway31, 41, 198, 200, 229Magog35Maliks, Jakob175, 202Mallet, Paul-Henri6, 20, 45, 5456, 64, 6784, 9091, 96, 101, 106, 109, 113, 122, 151152, 163, 173175, 220, 232, 275277, 279manorial economy1, 5, 17, 115, 153, 173, 186, 188, 193, 194195, 232234, 237, 239, 257, 259, 271, 280281manors1, 31, 48, 179, 190192, 235, 237238, 240241, 244, 248, 256258, 260, 263in relation to Norway186, 206209, 226, 230views on the historical development of140, 143, 162Mardal, Magnus202Mela, Pomponius104Meursius, Johannes34Miller, Peter11Minerva177, 185, 214, 222, 227, 258, 260, 282Møen266Modum223Molesworth, Robert4547, 51, 5758, 63, 7576, 241, 264, 274Moltke, Adam G.68, 96, 174175, 182, 199Moltke, Frederik182monarchia mixta2728, 31, 39, 51monarchy12, 5, 1214, 17, 23, 28, 3132, 3435, 3839, 41, 4345, 4748, 5056, 60, 63, 6567, 73, 8490, 106, 119, 121, 143144, 151, 161, 166, 168, 175176, 206, 212, 246, 249, 260261, 271, 273274, 276277absolute;absolutismelective27, 39, 41, 46, 57, 7677, 217, 226, 274275hereditary3940, 4445, 57modern12, 56, 84, 163Montesquieu1213, 5556, 6369, 71, 7577, 84, 8688, 106, 138, 141, 152153, 161, 164, 240, 252, 275276Morgenstierne, Caspar Wilhelm Munthe av249250, 260, 262264, 272, 281mosaic law207Möser, Justus152154Muratori, Ludovico Antonio135Murray, Johann Phillip100Naples13national character62, 70Norwegian219220, 222, 227, 267natural law4952, 274Nevers, Jeppe276Nicolai, Friedrich161Nimrod98Noah35, 92, 97nobility1, 12, 17, 28, 4042, 4748, 52, 67, 8384, 107108, 116, 121, 124, 128, 133135, 137, 140, 142, 146147, 160163, 165, 168, 178, 190, 205, 207, 213216, 230, 266, 274, 278279conciliar31, 41, 43, 45, 47, 51Danish6, 2832, 3940, 44, 48, 5758, 137, 147, 241242, 246247, 274hereditary88, 150151, 165167, 278Norwegian31, 147, 229Nor, Legendary King of Norway105106Nora, PierreNorthern antiquity2, 6, 54, 61, 70, 81, 83, 131, 137, 150, 153, 156, 160, 165, 175, 217, 220, 232, 237, 242244, 248, 252255, 259260, 262263, 277, 279, 282Nyerup, Rasmus97, 124, 126, 164, 167168, 261, 279280odel110, 132, 147149, 151, 162, 167, 228229, 252253, 279and the relation to allodium146, 151odelsbonde108, 147148, 152, 159, 196, 210, 213, 215, 230, 233, 282283odelsrett5, 132, 146, 152, 173, 190, 196234, 252, 256, 271272, 280284and the relation to nobility205, 213, 228230background for the debate over199200different views among the peasantry on224225views on the origins of204205, 207, 228Odin33, 73, 7980, 99100, 103, 105107, 114, 123, 126, 247, 278Suhm and Schøning’s view of99100Oeder, Georg Christian237239, 244, 265266Olav Kyrre, King of Norway118Olav Trygvasson, King of Norway112Olden-Jørgensen, Sebastian50Old Norse–Icelandic literature28, 3638, 52, 61, 92, 96, 105, 131, 153veracity of100101, 114, 126Orto, Obertus de136Ourdahl, Niels223225Oxenbøll, Erik181182Paludan, Helge130, 160, 162, 252253paganism8081, 275patriotism1213, 19, 105, 122, 139, 198, 174, 198, 256Mallet’s version of56, 82, 276odelsretten and Norwegian205206, 208, 211212, 219, 224of Schøning and Suhm93, 97, 101, 112113Paul the Deacon71Paus, Hans111, 200Pedersen, Christiern33Pelloutier, Simon7071, 79periphery4, 13Petrejus, Nicolaus35Philibert, Claude and Antoine82Phillips, Mark9philosophy13, 49, 96, 155Phoenicians70, 98, 103104, 110, 277278Pliny the Elder104, 188Plöen254Pocock, J. G. A.811, 1314, 78, 94, 131, 155, 208political economy2, 13, 15, 179, 184, 222, 276, 283Pontanus, Johannes34Pontoppidan, Erik147, 174, 203, 240241population2, 179, 183, 186, 193, 199, 238, 245, 249, 250251, 256, 266267in the ancient and medieval North240241, 243244, 259260, 262263Porter, Roy1314Pram, Christen124, 177, 219, 220, 258, 261on luxury185on odelsretten214215, 217property12, 31, 44, 55, 66, 81, 108, 110, 120, 166, 169, 186, 194, 199, 201, 208, 216, 225226, 234, 238239, 245, 248, 250, 255, 259, 263264, 267, 281, 284285and liberty in debates over rural reform2, 196, 210, 217, 219, 237238, 245, 250, 256, 259, 267, 281282, 284and the concept of odel110, 132, 145150, 167, 201, 204205distribution of2, 5, 18, 160, 190, 198, 200, 206208, 210, 214, 223224, 230232, 252, 280281historical development of134, 140141, 145146, 148150, 159160, 279in relation to odelsretten5, 147, 196197, 201208, 218, 222225, 227232public sphere1, 14, 185, 220, 222, 234, 250and economic debate174177Pufendorf, Samuel5051, 59pyrrhonism61Pytheas104105, 115, 123, 125Qvistgaard, Morten266268Rahbek, Knud177, 258, 261262Rahe, Paul63Ranger, Terrence8Ranum, Orest62Rapin–Thoyras, Paul74redemption, right of;odelsrettreform23, 56, 13, 16, 52, 93, 97, 174, 180, 183, 239, 266, 274, 277, 282283, 285286and the Enlightenment3, 1315, 23Danish agricultural25, 16, 20, 23, 115, 168, 190, 193194, 197, 233234, 237238, 242, 244245, 247252, 254, 257261, 263268, 270272, 281Norwegian agricultural147, 197, 227, 252Remer, Julius August154republic65, 75, 8587, 249Icelandic73, 109, 153Roman65, 74, 152republicanism10, 11n, 75, 7778, 90republic of letters49Resen, Peder38Reventlow, Christian D. F.257, 265, 267268Rian, Øystein17, 63Riegels, Niels Ditlev168right of redemption;odelsrettRigstula167Robertson, John1315Robertson, William11, 154Roger, André7677Roman Empire35, 46, 71, 75, 106, 136, 140, 150, 152, 154Roman law136, 218Rome35, 66, 71, 8586, 95, 152, 158, 217, 220, 270Rørdam, Holger40Rosenkrantz, Oluf44Rothe, Tyge2, 6, 20, 121122, 128133, 149170, 173, 196, 220, 246, 261262, 267, 271272, 278281, 285on the Norwegian odelsrett215218, 231232on the reform of Danish agriculture250256Rousseau, Jean–Jacques103, 112113Rudbeck, Olaus35, 61, 71Rynning, Jens227230saga;Old Norse-Icelandic literature3334, 3738, 73, 100, 105, 107, 117, 151, 166Sars, Ernst18Saxenspiegel139, 145Saxo Grammaticus28, 3334, 38, 83, 116, 144, 166Seip, Jens Arup1617, 20serfdom;vornedskapSevel, Frederik Christian207Scheidt, Christian Ludwig99nSchielde, Niels193194Schleswig238, 268Schlözer, August Ludwig100, 104105, 126Schmidt-Voges, Inken36Schødt, David200204, 217, 222223Schøning, Claus Ursin188Schøning, Gerhard6, 20, 9197, 99115, 117, 119, 123128, 148, 151, 164, 168, 173, 175, 188, 201, 210211, 217, 220, 232, 277280on agricultural reforms in Norway188189on the introduction of agriculture in Norway103104view of the first inhabitants of Norway102105view of the peopling of Norway101Schytte, Andreas178, 265Scotland11, 13Shem, son of Noah98Sieyès, Abbé12Skeie, Jon228Skovgaard-Petersen, Karen33slave162, 216, 247, 255, 270, 279, 284slavery142, 158, 161, 167, 254Smith, Adam184, 249Sneedorff, Jens Schieldrup22, 5556, 8489, 130, 143144, 175, 178, 276Snorri Sturluson28, 3334, 36, 7374, 83, 96, 102, 107, 148, 153, 201Sommerfeldt, Christian183Sørensen, Øystein88, 198Sorø Academy55, 8283, 97, 175, 177, 276Sound Dues31Sovereignty Act42Sparta181, 207Stampe, Henrik76, 202, 222, 237stavnsbånd:adscriptionStephanius, Stephan38Størsson, Mattis34Storsveen, Odd Arvid198Strabo104Strøm, Hans189190, 215Struensee, Johan F.96, 119121, 130, 176, 209, 220, 240, 244styreshavn134, 137, 140, 142, 150styresmand134, 140Suhm, Peter Frederik6, 20, 83, 91101, 102, 113128, 133, 149, 151, 164, 167168, 173, 175, 189, 201, 208209, 220221, 232, 242245, 254, 261, 273, 277281constitutional proposal written by119120on commerce and agriculture in the ancient North114115view of Mallet95Svend Estridsen, King of Denmark121Svestad, Asgeir94Sweyn Forkbeard, King of Denmark58, 159, 165, 167, 169Tacitus7172, 75, 7981, 85, 102103, 188, 275Teich, Mikuláš1314Teilmann, Andreas248250, 259, 262263, 272, 281Thomasius, Christian50Thott, Otto178Tønsberg213Torfæus, Tormod28, 3839, 44, 211nTrade;commerce185, 189, 198, 223, 226, 241, 249, 283tradition10, 23, 28, 31, 3638, 41, 47, 52, 5455, 6061, 90, 92, 93, 100, 104, 110, 113, 114, 120, 126127, 131, 146, 236, 273, 277279and history6, 15, 133and reform5, 13, 15, 23, 282286and the Enlightenment78antiquarian37, 95, 127invention of89trell;slave159Tribe, Keith178Trondheim210, 220Tvarnø, Henrik57Tveite, Stein189Tybjerg245, 250vagina gentium71, 141Valdemar I, King of Denmark29, 165, 167, 169, 241242Valdemar ii, King of Denmark29, 134, 137, 142, 160, 165, 167169, 241, 255Vedel, Anders Sørensen33Veile, Christen Ostersen133134Venturi, Franco13Vernet, Jacob69Vídalín, Páll109virtue56, 62, 65, 67, 80, 8890, 127, 157, 205, 208, 215216, 267civic55, 65, 77, 82, 90, 93, 101, 113, 174, 251, 266, 271272Voltaire6869, 156, 176Rothe’s opinion of156vornedskap142, 161, 192, 246247, 255, 258, 266267Wandal, Hans43Wedel-Jarlsberg, Frederik Wilhelm245248, 250, 255257, 269, 271, 281Wergeland, Nicolai221Whig history21William of Normandy9, 169, 253Winsnes, A. H.211Wolff, Christian155Worm, Ole37, 73, 96Wulfsberg, Jakob213, 216218, 225, 231232Young, Arthur252Zealand240, 245, 247, 249250, 266267Zetlitz, Jens226227