Appendix: Permit Applications and Publications Index

in The Ottoman Press (1908-1923)
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In Chapter 2, several figures are presented that are related to the 1908 press boom. The charts, tables and map in that chapter are all based on the data contained within the index at the end of this appendix.

One of the primary sources of data for the index is Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivi. Unconventionally, the data was not obtained from boa documents but rather from its catalogues. A random sampling of documents1 revealed that the application details that made it into the catalogues were accurate. Barring issues caused by transliteration, not a single discrepancy was found between the catalogue entries and the retrieved documents. The catalogue search was aimed specifically to find permit application records. Applicants, as per the press law of 1864, were required to submit their names, the desired title, publication location, frequency and language. Often, they would also mention their (current or retired) occupation.

The second source for permit application data was the list found in Revue du Monde Musulman, which was published in 1909.2 This list contains permit application data as published in Takvim-i Vekayi, but presents it in French, with all applicant and newspaper names transliterated. However, it should be noted that the boa and rmm lists do not fully overlap. There are 731 records in the rmm list, while boa searches yielded data for 865 records. However, only 435 of these could be matched, resulting in a combined total of 1,161 entries. Where matching entries were found, the details for that record were merged.

A third source of the index is the periodicals in the htu collection. While gathering every available first issue of the publications within that collection in order to analyse their mukaddime (“introduction”), a new list was created. Because these publications also contained similar information to that found in the permit applications (i.e., title, publishing frequency and location, name of the publisher, language and date of appearance), they were added to the index. When a publication was matched with a permit application, the details were once again merged. The htu data also added a lot of information for the period before 1908 and after 1909.

Finally, the index also contains some records based on secondary sources. This came about through the effort to create a list of pre-1908 publications, which are used in Chapter 1 (“Emergence and Growth”). In some exceptional cases, secondary source material was used to further augment the records from boa, rmm or htu.

The resulting index contains 1,811 entries consisting of permit applications and publications. Similar lists of permit applications have been compiled. Gazel and Ortak have transliterated and published a list which they found in Ayın Tarihi.3 By their own account, the list in Ayın Tarihi is not complete with the part after the Arabic letter mim missing. The list also appears to be limited to periodicals that would appear within the borders of the Turkish Republic.4 Furthermore, for the entries of applications made before August 1909, only titles are given. In the later entries, details such as the intended publication location, frequency and applicant occupation are also not available. Ali Birinci’s list, which was published in a series in the journal Kebikeç, is based on a series of articles from Takvim-i Vekayi.5 However, because the list was only available up to the letter nun of the Arabic alphabet, Birinci completed his list using rmm, which, as explained above, was incomplete as hundreds of applications with positive outcome have been found in boa that were not in the list.

1 Charts and Figures Based on the Index

Figure 1 was created by using the entries with a date between July 1908 and October 1909. The publications-line plots the subset of entries that are confirmed to have been published. Figure 2 has various sources, as explained in the caption. The applications per vilayet column, however, is constructed by using the publishing location found in the index. All locations were mapped to the districts that are found in the table. Figure 3 uses the location of the entries in the index. Figure 4 uses the applicant’s occupation from the entries in the index. Figure 5 uses the (intended) publication language from the entries in the index.

2 Index

Every index entry contains a title and a date. Titles are transliterated, unless there was no certainty about the original spelling, in which case they are left as they are found in the original source.

Dates are all converted to the Gregorian calendar and where exact dates were available, these were rounded to months. If no month is known, only the year is given. A Rumi year spans two common years, and these are rendered as 1908/1909. In case of doubt, a question mark is placed after the date.

The type of the date is placed in brackets. There are four different types of dates. These are (1) Permit Application, (2) Permit Result, (3) Publication (Approximated) and (4) Publication. If for an entry both a permit application date and a permit result date are known, the entry will display the permit result date, as that is the closest step taken towards publication. Similarly, if aside from application date a publication date is known, that will be given preference.

Some dates are marked as Publication (Approx.). These are entries for which no first issue was found, but where an early enough issue could be used to calculate when the first issue should have appeared, based on the publishing frequency.

If a publishing location is known, it can be found after the date type. Languages are either intended publication languages, or the actual publication language, whenever this could be established.

A.: Applicant(s). O.: Applicant occupation. P.S.: The last known status of a permit application. L.: Language(s). S: Source(s). Sources that start with DH, MF and ZB are boa references.

11 Temmuz 1324, 8/1908 (Publication) in Izmir. A.: Mehmet Tevfik P.S.: granted Genre: political, illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:dh.mkt.1280/53, dh.mkt.1275/74, HTU, RMM.

al-ʿAdl (Asas al-Mulk), 1/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Muhammad Safa al-Masri L.:TR, ARF.: D S.:HTU, RMM.

al-ʿAsa, 6/1909 (Permit result). A.: Ahmet Muhittin P.S.: granted Genre: satirical, political L.:ARF.: D S.:dh.mkt.2829/6.

al-ʿAsima, 4/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Habib Matran P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2788/1.

al-ʿAsr, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Najib Mushʾalati/Meşalani P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:dh.mkt.2635/36, RMM.

al-ʿAsr al-Jadid, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Aleppo. A.: Acabizade Vasil/Basil P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: D S.:dh.mkt.1299/72, RMM.

al-ʿAsr al-Jadid, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Konstantin Abdebeni P.S.: denied L.:ARS.:dh.mkt.2668/1, dh.mkt.2628/90. Erronous application.

al-ʿAsr al-Jadid, 3/1909 (Publication (Approx.)) in Tripolitania. A.: Barudizade Hacı Mehmet Ali P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: W S.:dh.mkt.2730/71, HTU, RMM.

al-ʿIraq, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: ʿAbd al-Jabbar O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: political L.:TR, ARF.: W S.:dh.mkt.2623/81, RMM. Published in Sidon according to Tauber.

Aam, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Jerusalem. A.: Abraham Behfel b. Hersch Grayefski P.S.: granted L.:HE, DEF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2699/6, RMM.

al-Ababil, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Husayn Muhy al-Din al-Hayal P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2749/84, RMM.

Abu Hashish, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aleppo. A.: Emirizade Baha P.S.: granted F.: W S.:RMM.

Açıksöz, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Ali b. Mustafa O.: military P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:dh.MKT.2618/51, RMM.

Açıksöz, 1921 (Publication (Approx.)) in Kastamonu. S.:HTU.

Action, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Cemal O.: press (owner of Bosphore) P.S.: granted F.: W S.:RMM.

lʾActualité, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Faik Gregor O.: law P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2677/48, RMM.

Adalet, 1/1908 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Adana Mıntıkası Maarif Mecmuası, 3/1928 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Adem, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Nesip O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TR, GR, BUS.:DH.MKT.2616/94, RMM.

Adl, 10/1912 (Publication (Approx.)). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Adl ü İhsan, 4/1911 (Publication). Genre: satirical L.:TRS.:HTU.

Afak, 10/1882 (Publication). Genre: non-political L.:TRS.:HTU.

Afiyet, 12/1913 (Publication). Genre: medical L.:TRS.:HTU. Used color.

Afyon Karahisarʾda Nur, 5/1924 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Agah Basurcu, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Agon, 12/1908 (Permit result). A.: İstavri Anagostidi P.S.: granted L.:TR, GRS.:DH.MKT.2679/50, ZB.329/29, RMM.

Ağzıpek, 9/1908 (Permit result). A.: Parsih O.: librarian P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1289/69, ZB.25/22, RMM.

Ahali, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Ohannes Ferid O.: press (owner Manzume-i Efkar) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Ahali, 10/1906 (Publication) in Plovdiv. S.:HTU.

Ahali, 4/1909 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Leyaho v. Santo Erdini/Liacho Valdesanto Vardini O.: press (director La Liberté) P.S.: granted L.:TR, FR, IT, JESS.:DH.MKT.2730/92, DH.MKT.2663/50, RMM. Possibly separate publication per language.

Ahali, 3/1912 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ahali, 11/1921 (Publication). S.:HTU.

Ahbap, 4/1909 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: Salihzade Hasan Naci P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2789/33.

Ahenk, 4/1897 (Publication) in Izmir. S.:HTU.

Ahkam-ı Şeriat, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Emin O.: education P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1294/11.

Ahter, 10/1893 (Publication). L.:FAS.:HTU.

Ahval-ı Alem, 1/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Fadlallah Hindi Baghdadi P.S.: unknown Genre: illustrated L.:TR, AR, FRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2714/15.

Aile, 5/1880 (Publication). A.: Mihran L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ajans, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Simbat Davityan P.S.: unknown L.:TR, AM, FRS.:DH.MKT.1286/48.

Akbaba, 12/1912 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Akçağlayan, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Bursa. A.: Mehmet Beha P.S.: granted F.: W S.:RMM.

Akdeniz, 8/1928 (Publication) in Izmir. S.:HTU.

al-Akhbar, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Jerusalem. A.: Bendeli Hanaghrabi P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2736/57, RMM. Publication possibly confirmed by Tauber, however, in Jaffa.

(Musavver) Akıl, 1/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Mevlanzade Rıfat O.: press (owner Serbesti) L.:TR, FRF.:TMS.:HTU, RMM.

Aklın Hakimiyeti, 8/1928 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Akodoryan, 2/1909 (Permit application). A.: Arşan Artin Torkom P.S.: unknown L.:FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2749/7.

Aks-ı Seda (yahut Anadolu Sesleri), 8/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Samsun. A.: Avnizade Cemil O.: printing L.:TRF.:TWS.:HTU, RMM.

Aksa-ı Şark, 11/1910 (Publication). S.:HTU.

Akşam, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Aydin. A.: İsmail Sıdkı O.: law, press (owner Köylü) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2666/78, RMM.

Akşam, 9/1908 (Permit result). A.: Esat Muhlis O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1288/37, ZB.25/10.

Akşam, 9/1918 (Publication). S.:HTU.

Akşam Gazetesi, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Kamil O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2626/80.

(Musavver) Akşam Şimendüferi, 9/1908 (Publication). L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

Akvam, 9/1919 (Publication). S.:HTU.

Alafranga, 12/1910 (Publication). Genre: satirical L.:TRS.:HTU.

Alefteron Veyan/Alepherton Vian, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Avram Akhozaridi O.: merchant P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1293/44, RMM.

Alem, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Yakvalzade Arif O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TR, FRF.: W S.:RMM.

Alem-i İslam/Alem ül-İslam, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Abdülkadir O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: religious, political L.:TR, ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2642/36, ZB.328/104, RMM.

Alithia, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Yanni Kovasila O.: education P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM.

Alizas, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: Mustafa Salim al-Kalayini P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:RMM.

Altın Yaprak, 3/1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Altın Yurt, 5/1923 (Publication) in Adana. Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Amal, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Sayda. A.: Sulayman Masbuh O.: law P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2754/9, DH.MKT.2839/50.

Amal-ı Millet, 1/1909 (Permit application) in İstanbul. A.: Şakir Beyzade Kazım P.S.: unknown Genre: religious, political, scientific, industrial L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2707/110.

Amalthia, 1838 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Izmir. L.:GRS.:OK21(39). Appeared until 1922.

Amboriki Apte Oris, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Dimitri Failikiri P.S.: granted L.:TR, GR, FRS.:DH.MKT.2753/29.

Amed-i Sevda, 1/1909 (Publication) in Diyarbekir. A.: Mehmet Şükrü (Diyarbakırlı ) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1278/35, HTU, RMM. Published in Istanbul, according to RMM. HTU confirms Diyarbekir with title Amed-i Sevda. Applied for D and W, but published TM. Possibly applied for separate permits.

Aminon Hamar, 8/1909 (Permit application) in Harput. A.: Johan Ehman O.: other P.S.: unknown L.:AMS.:DH.MKT.2914/69.

Ana Yenisis, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Yorgi Hrisogoni P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.1275/36. Applied for D but published TW.

Anadolu, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Anastas Anastasyadi O.: education P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2685/35. Applicant asked to submit new name, as a publication with same name already existed.

Anadolu, 8/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Konya. A.: Burhanettin L.:TRF.:TWS.:HTU, RMM.

Anadolu Duygusu, 2/1921 (Publication). Genre: illustrated Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Anadolu Terbiye Mecmuası, 1/1922 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ananiyis/Anayenisis, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Vladimir Mirmiroğlu O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1282/45, ZB.24/80, RMM.

Anatoli, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Constantin Apostol P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM.

Anatoliki Abiteorisis, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Joseph Evamidis O.: law P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM.

Anatolikos Tachydromos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Chrysopolis O.: press (director Le Moniteur Oriental and Tachydromos) P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

Ankara, 1874 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Ankara. Genre: official L.:TRS.:OK21(33).

Ankarya, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Alagözoğlu Sava P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.1274/52.

Anliyastiki Anortosis, 4/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Tirigon Tomoyidi P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2792/46. Probably “Anoreosis”.

Anoreosis, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Dimitri Thomayidi O.: press (director Mikra Asia) P.S.: granted L.:GR, TRGSF.: D S.:RMM.

Antranik, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Sivas. A.: Haik Vartanian P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:RMM.

ha-Arabi, 2/1908 (Permit result) in Jerusalem. A.: Ibrahim b. Yusuf al-Malih/al-Hajj P.S.: granted L.:AR, HE, JESF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2716/84, RMM.

Arakis, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Artin Haza Rabidyan/Artin Hazardian O.: press P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:AMF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1285/29, RMM.

Aranitis, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Kiryakoyaniki P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2729/96.

Arda, 7/1922 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Aretz ha-Kodesh, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Jerusalem. A.: Libosh Kehana P.S.: granted L.:HEF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2697/80, RMM.

Arev, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Kamil O.: government P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: D S.:RMM.

Aristofanis, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Yani Petropolos P.S.: unknown L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2623/61.

Arkadaş, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Yusuf Şinasi O.: merchant P.S.: granted Genre: literary, commercial, scientific, illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1282/76, RMM.

Arkadaş, 10/1876 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Arkadaş, 1/1910 (Publication). Genre: illustrated Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Arkadaş, 6/1928 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Armağan, 5/1909 (Permit result) in Konya. A.: İbrahim Hakkı P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2818/47.

Arnavutluk, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: İlbasanlı Mehmet Tevfik O.: merchant P.S.: granted L.:TR, ABF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2741/68, RMM.

Arodon, 1908/1909 (Permit application). A.: Marko Sirkossian O.: merchant P.S.: granted L.:TR, FR, AMF.: D S.:RMM.

Arsafano, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Herant Masourian v. Matheos O.: press P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:AMF.: D S.:RMM.

Artistik Sine, 11/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Arz, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: İhsan O.: press (editor Şura-ı Ümmet) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2743/17, RMM.

Asad al-Islam, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Tripolitania. A.: Sulayman al-Baruni O.: religious P.S.: granted L.:AR, TRS.:RMM.

Asar, 3/1886 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Aşiret, 11/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Bedrihanzade Ahmet Süreyya P.S.: granted L.:TR, KUF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2651/48, RMM.

Asır, 1870 (Publication (Secondary source)). S.:SNGTG(55).

Aşıyan, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Salih Sırrı O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1279/38, HTU, RMM.

Asker, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Soman Senai O.: military L.:TRF.:TMS.:HTU, RMM. Applied W but published TM.

Asker Hocasi, 12/1919 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Askin Cayni, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Misak Severyan P.S.: unknown L.:AMS.:DH.MKT.1276/9.

al-Asmai (?), 3/1909 (Permit application) in Jaffa. A.: George/Corci P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2772/11.

Asr-ı Cedit, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Damascus. A.: Nasif O.: law P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1298/31, RMM.

Asri Hafta, 1/1926 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Asri Türkiye Mecmuası, 3/1926 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Astrigi/Astir, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Nicolas Christomano O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1280/16, RMM.

Asuman, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Rauf P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:RMM.

Asya, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Dimitri Karasavach O.: press (owner Mezkur) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRGRSF.: D S.:RMM.

Ateş, 3/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ati, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Aristaki Kasparian O.: law P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: D S.:RMM.

Auri, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Constantin Papadonio O.: law, banking P.S.: granted L.:GRF.:TWS.:RMM.

Avanos Romiyos, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: İstafanos Molson P.S.: unknown L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1281/74.

Avarper, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Bedros Adroni O.: press (director Fenni Gazete) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:AMF.: D S.:RMM.

Avedepar, 1870 (Publication (Secondary source)). L.:TRAMSS.:OK21(41).

Avenire, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Aydin. A.: Calucciero Garofali P.S.: granted L.:ITF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2705/49, DH.MKT.2651/21, RMM. Applicant was an Italian citizen.

Aya Patrikon Dedliton Konstantinopol, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ekan Idolos Kokolatos P.S.: granted L.:GR, FRF.: W S.:RMM.

Ayastefanos, 5/1909 (Permit application). A.: Osman Kahraman O.: librarian P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2804/15.

Aydede, 1/1922 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Refik Halit Karay Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Aydın, 1874 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Izmir. Genre: official L.:TRS.:OK21(33).

Aydoğdu, 9/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Nuri O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MUI9-1/33.

Ayın Tarihi, 11/1928 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ayine, 11/1875 (Publication). Audience: women L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ayine, 8/1921 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Aylık Malumat, 6/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Bogos Sacidyan P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2851/14.

Aylık Mecmua, 4/1926 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ayna, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Tahsin O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1282/50, ZB.24/89.

Ayntab Haberleri, 12/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ayvalık, 9/1924 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Ayyam, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Faik Gregor O.: law P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2677/48, RMM.

Az Çok, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Christaki v. Constantin Athansol O.: merchant P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1300/35, RMM.

Azad, 12/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Azad Amaro, 3/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ropen Zataryan P.S.: unknown L.:AMS.:DH.MKT.2768/89.

Azade, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hajji Muhammad Qasim O.: press (owner Haşrat) P.S.: granted L.:FAF.: W S.:RMM.

Azhar-ı Ramazan, 5/1889 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Azimeris Ton Sokolyan, 3/1909 (Permit result). A.: Dimitri v. Yorgi Karavukiri P.S.: granted Genre: scientific L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2769/25.

Bab-ı Ali, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Mithat O.: press P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1284/71, DH.MKT.2613/134.

Baba Himmet, 9/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Bachkim, 8/1908 (Permit result) in İstanbul. A.: Mıkhalchan P.S.: granted L.:ABF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1283/47, ZB.24/95, RMM.

Bağdat, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: Süleyman Beyzade Murat P.S.: granted L.:AR, FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2656/64, RMM.

Bahar, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Manisa (Saruhan). A.: Mehmet Ali O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TR, GR, FRS.:DH.MKT.2759/78.

Bahçe, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Necip Necati P.S.:granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

Bahçe, 10/1880 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Bahçivan, 6/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Bahr-ı Siyah, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: Yanko Yovanidi P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2679/17, DH.MKT.1288/86, RMM, Odabaşıoğlu(9, 15).

Baikler, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ohanes Eskian O.: librarian P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: D S.:RMM.

Balin Benesia, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Alfred O.: education P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1278/59, RMM.

Balkan, 7/1906 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Balkanski Pragat, 4/1909 (Permit application). A.: Toma Karalopof/Karayof P.S.: unknown Genre: political, literary L.:BUS.:DH.MKT.2796/36.

al-Band al-Sahih, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Aleppo. A.: Qalawizade Muhammad P.S.: granted L.:ARF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1296/31, RMM.

al-Band/Barid, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Damascus. A.: Muhammad Shakir, Farsi Khuri P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2677/20, RMM. BOA mistakenly mentions “al-Bina al-Sahih” for “Kilorizade Mehmet”

Barbaros, 10/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Barika, 2/1909 (Publication (Approx.)) in Konya. A.: Laz Hüseyin Efendizade Mehmet Pertev L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM.

Barika-ı Hakikat, 8/1908 (Permit result). A.: Mustafa Fazıl O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1279/41, ZB.24/42.

Barika-ı İrşat, 11/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Bursa. A.: Abdülkerim Fehmi P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1299/58, HTU, RMM.

al-Barq, 2/1909 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Beirut. A.: Bishara ʿAbdallah al-Khuri P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2652/36, DH.MKT.2736/91, RMM, Tauber.

Basiret, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ali O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Başkımı, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Bitola. A.: Ferid O.: law P.S.: granted L.:ABS.:DH.MKT.1298/14, DH.MKT.2637/91, RMM.

Basurcu Agah, 9/1908 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Batarya, 8/1908 (Permit result). A.: İsak Arditi P.S.: granted Genre: scientific, political, illustrated L.:JESF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1280/49, ZB.24/55.

al-Bayan, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Avni Ishaq O.: law P.S.: granted L.:AR, TR, FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2656/82, RMM.

Bayram, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hüseyin Efendi O.: press (owner of Shams and Cingöz) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM. Applicant was a Persian citizen.

Bebe Ruhi, 8/1908 (Permit result). A.: Mehmet Halil O.: press P.S.:granted Genre: satirical L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1277/35.

Bedayi/Beddi, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Bashir Medjad O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2684/48, ZB.329/40, RMM.

Bedreka-ı Selamet, 1/1897 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Bekçi, 11/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mahmut Nedim O.: press P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2657/16.

Benim Gazetem, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Grigor Faik O.: press (director Musavver Terakki and Geveze) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Bergama, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Bergama. A.: Rasıh (Yenişehirli) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

Berk, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Baghdad. A.: Şerif Necmi O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

Berk, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ali Rıza P.S.: unknown F.: D S.:DH.MKT.2730/37.

Berk, 4/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Mithat (Giritli) P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2787/45.

Berk, 9/1908 (Permit application). A.: Redif Paşazade H. Redif P.S.: unknown Genre: political, literary, scientific, illustrated F.: D S.:DH.MKT.1293/57.

Berkeri Sayen, 3/1909 (Permit application). A.: Dikran Cukazesyan P.S.: unknown L.:AM, TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2778/28.

Besa, 12/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Aleksi (Tepedelenli) P.S.: granted L.:TR, ABF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1286/54,HTU, RMM.

Beşer ve Tabiat, 8/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Beyan, 3/1909 (Permit result). A.: Nadri Fevzi P.S.: granted F.: D S.:DH.MKT.2787/90.

Beyanülhak, 10/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Şehri Hacı Ahmet & Mehmet Fatin P.S.: granted Genre: religious L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1300/74,HTU0221, HTU.

Beyoğlu, 6/1911 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Beyoğlu, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Vitali P.S.: granted L.:TR, AR, FRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2733/27, HTU1209, HTU. According to HTU only published in June 1911.

Beyrut, 1888 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Beirut. Genre: official L.:TR, ARS.:OK21(33).

Bilgi Yurdu Işığı, 4/1919 (Publication). Audience: women L.:TRS.:HTU.

Biperva, 11/1908 (Permit application) in Kastamonu. A.: Mehmet Suphi O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2666/48.

Birlik, 6/1925 (Publication) in Kastamonu. Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Bitaraf, 1/1909 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Fuat O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TR, FAF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2714/10, RMM.

Bitaraf, 3/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Halil Rıfat O.:civil servant P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2773/81.

Bizantia, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Pol Simiryoti P.S.: unknown Genre: satirical L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1276/43, RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

Bizantis, 1850 (Publication (Secondary source)). L.:GRS.:OK21(40).

Bizim Mecmua, 4/1922 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Bondikos, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: Dimitri Starapoulo P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:GRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.2752/57, RMM.

Boşboğaz ile Gülabi, 8/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Hüseyin Rahmi O.: press (journalist) Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM.

Bosna, 10/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Kara Mehmetzade Bosnalı Mehmet Nureddin O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TR, SEKF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1295/43,HTU0570, HTU, RMM.

Bosna-Hersek, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Ahmet Şerif P.S.: unknown Genre: illustrated L.:TR, SEKF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1274/39.

Bosphore, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Cemali P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: W S.:RMM.

Bourse Ottomane, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Yusuf Sadık P.S.: unknown Genre: economic, commercial, political L.:TR, FRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1283/36.

la Buena Esperanza, 1874 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Izmir. L.:JESS.:OK21(43). Appeared until 1914.

al-Burhan, 10/1908 (Permit application). A.: Fahurizade Hüseyin Mehmet P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2632/14.

al-Burlon, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Kemal Samuel Motrani P.S.: granted L.:JESF.: D S.:ZB.328/28, RMM.

Bursa Mecmuası, 12/1917 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Büyük Duygu, 3/1913 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Büyük Mecmua, 4/1919 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çağlayan, 10/1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çan Çan, 4/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çanakkale Muallimler Birliği, 5/1925 (Publication) in Çanakkale. Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çankaya, 5/1928 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çankırıʾda İnce Geliş, 8/1928 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çanta, 10/1889 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çapkın, 10/1909 (Publication (Approx.)) in Aydin. A.: Hancızade Mehmet Sabrı O.: merchant P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2831/55, DH.MKT.2666/74, HTU, RMM. Published in Aydın according to RMM and in GR, but HTU confirms TR and probably W.

Cayer Hayir Yenac, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Bervant O.: education P.S.: unknown L.:AMS.:DH.MKT.2637/78.

Çaylak, 1/1887 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Cedide-i Şarkiye, 1885 (Publication (Secondary source)). L.:TRAMSS.:OK21(41). Appeared until 1913.

Celali, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Aydin. A.: Osman Fikri P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2742/80, RMM.

(Musavver) Cellat, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Cem, 12/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Cemiyet, 9/1908 (Permit result). A.: Nuri Ömer P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary, scientific L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1291/35, ZB.25/14.

Ceride, 10/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Mahmut Celalettin O.: education L.:TRF.: D S.:HTU, RMM. Applied for D but published W.

Ceride-i Baytariye, 11/1899 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ceride-i Emlak ve Arazi, 1/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Refik O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2706/93.

Ceride-i Felesfiye, 1912 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ceride-i Fünun-ı Şarkiye, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: İskender P.S.: unknown Genre: illustrated L.:FR, TRS.:DH.MKT.1293/36.

Ceridet ül-Hakayık, 8/1902 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ceride-i Havadis, 7/1840 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ceride-i İlmiye, 5/1914 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ceride-i Muhakeme, 6/1874 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ceride-i Resmiye, 12/1920 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU. Official organ of the Grand National Assembly.

Ceride-i Rum, 12/1908 (Permit application). A.: Hristidi Efendi P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2694/46.

Ceride-i Rüsumiye, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Harun al-Raşit O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: M S.:DH.MKT.1277/85, HTU, RMM.

Ceride-i Şikayet, 9/1923 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ceride-i Sufiye, 3/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Ali Fuat, Hüseyin Kazım O.: press (editor Tercüman-ı Hakikat) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2731/31, DH.MKT.2746/30, HTU, RMM. Applied for D but published W.

Ceride-i Ticaret, 12/1857 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ceride-i Vakfiye, 12/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Ziyaettin O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2663/32, ZB.328/108, HTU, RMM.

Ceride-i Zabıta, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Affan Osman O.: law P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1279/15.

Çerkes, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Muhittin P.S.: granted F.: D S.:RMM.

Cezair-i Bahr-ı Sefid, 1882 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Rhodos. Genre: official L.:TR, GRS.:OK21(33).

Chios, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Soteraki Livanidi O.: medical P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:ZB.329/45, RMM. According to BOA the title was “Sakız” and according to RMM published in Istanbul, however, that seems unlikely.

Chiragh, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Vakhan Tekeyou P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: D S.:RMM.

Chkirpriya, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Joseph Evamidis O.: law P.S.: granted L.:ABF.: W S.:RMM.

Chtipra/Şetitpare, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Nicolas Psarpia/Besaria/Besarabya v. Constantin O.: education P.S.: granted L.:ROF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1290/35, RMM.

Çiçek, 6/1926 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Cici, 5/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Cidal, 12/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ciddi Gazete, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Nadir/Nuri O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2658/38, ZB.328/24, RMM.

Ciddiyet (?), 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: George/Yorgaki P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Çiftci, 4/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Muhtar O.: education P.S.: granted Genre: political, agricultural, economic L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1280/82, ZB.24/46, HTU, RMM.

Çiftciler Derneği mecmuası, 9/1916 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çiftlik, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Giovani O.: education, press (owner Ziraat Gazetesi) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Cihan, 10/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Mihran O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:HTU, RMM.

Cihan, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Salih Zeki O.: press (owner Osmanlı Ziraat ve Ticaret Gazetesi) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Cihan, 7/1908 (Permit application). A.: Akyiğitzade Musa P.S.: unknown F.: D S.:DH.MKT.1273/25.

Cihan, 4/1924 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Musavver Cihan, 8/1891 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Cihat, 5/1909 (Permit application). A.: Davud O.: law P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2816/25.

Çimdik, 6/1910 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Cinématographe, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Semakatovalı (?) P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM.

Cingöz, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Hüseyin Efendi O.: press (owner of Shams) P.S.: granted Genre: satirical, illustrated L.:TRF.:TWS.:HTU, RMM.

Çıngırak, 9/1908 (Publication). Genre: satirical L.:TRS.:HTU. Single issue.

Çıngıraklı Tatar, 4/1873 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çırak Mektepleri Mecmuası, 12/1918 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çocuk Bahçesi, 11/1904 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çocuk Dünyası, 3/1913 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çocuk Dünyası, 1926 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çocuk Duygusu, 6/1913 (Publication). Genre: illustrated Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çocuklar Alemi, 12/1913 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çocuklara Arkadaş, 5/1881 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çocuklara Kıraat, 1/1882 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Cocuklara Mahsus Gazete, 5/1896 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Çolpan, 12/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.:TMS.:HTU.

Coşkun Kalender, 4/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

le Courier Ottoman, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Nicolas Psarpia/Besaria/Besarabya v. Constantin P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2736/85, RMM.

Courrier dʾOrient, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ebuziyya Tevfik P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: D S.:RMM.

Courrier dʾOrient, 1854 (Publication (Secondary source)). Genre: expat L.:FRS.:OK21(37).

Courrier Oriental, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Chrysopolis O.: press (director Le Moniteur Oriental and Tachydromos) P.S.: granted L.:FR, ENF.: D S.:RMM.

Courtier veya Tellal, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Sadullah P.S.: granted L.:TR, FRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2630/16, RMM.

al Cuduyi, 5/1909 (Permit application). A.: David Alenkova O.: press P.S.: unknown L.:JES, HES.:DH.MKT.2834/72.

Çukurova, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Adana. A.: Kezzade Mahmut Celalettin (Adanalı) P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM.

Cuma, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Hamdi O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1279/78, RMM.

Curcuna, 4/1912 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Grigor Faik O.: press (director of Musavver Terakki and Geveze) P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: D S.:HTU, RMM. Mistakenly dated in HTU as 1327R, should be 1327H otherwise the Hicri/Rumi dates do not match.

Cüzdan, 2/1873 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Dal Pregundo, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Caril Ruino/Korbil Rombu O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated F.: D S.:DH.MKT.2653/84, RMM.

Dalkavuk, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Mahmut Kenan P.S.: granted Genre: satirical, illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:HTU, RMM.

Danish, 7/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Djalal Unsi O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:FAF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1273/92, RMM.

Dar ül-Elhan, 2/1926 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Dar al-Salam, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Baghdad. A.: Ali b. Jawad O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2630/14, DH.MKT.1299/57, RMM.

Darbe, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Nesuhiefendizade Ömer Hayri P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2698/61, RMM.

Darülhilafet, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Muhammad Umar P.S.: unknown Genre: political, literary, scientific L.:ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1274/55.

Darüşşafaka, 6/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Hasan Ferit O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1286/53, HTU, RMM.

Datchar, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Ekserciyan O.: religious P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1276/5, ZB.24/68, RMM.

Davul, 10/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Hasan Vasıf O.: press (owner İlanat ve Sanayi) P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRF.:BWS.:HTU, RMM. Applied for W but published BW.

Débats, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Kamil O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:FRF.: D S.:RMM.

Deccal!, 1/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Define, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Atif/Arif O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2721/91, RMM.

Demet, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: İsmail Hakkı P.S.: granted Genre: women, illustrated L.:TRF.:BWS.:DH.MKT.1282/56, ZB.24/82, HTU, RMM.

Demiryolları Mecmuası, 3/1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Demokrat, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Memduh O.: press (editor Tercüman-ı Hakikat) P.S.: granted L.:GR, TR, AMF.:TMS.:DH.MKT.2626/78, RMM.

la Dépêche [?], 3/1909 (Permit application). A.: Kirkor P.S.: unknown L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.2774/55.

Deripon, 5/1909 (Permit application). A.: Davud O.: law P.S.: unknown L.:AMS.:DH.MKT.2816/25.

Dertli, 8/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Dertli ile Garip, 8/1910 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Devair, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Emin Velad O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: political L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1274/48, RMM.

(Musavver) Devr-i Cedit, 5/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

Dicle, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: Şehbenderzade Mahmut Çelebi P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2705/16, DH.MKT.2638/17, RMM.

Dicle, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Diyarbekir. A.: Attarzade Hakki P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2843/29.

Dideban, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: İbrahim Halil P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:BWS.:DH.MKT.1292/9, ZB.25/38, RMM.

Diken, 10/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Dikephalos Aionos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Aristobule Christidis O.: printing P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:GRS.:RMM.

Dikkat, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hüseyin Sami P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, literary L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2618/37, RMM.

Dilek, 3/1923 (Publication) in Balıkesir. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Dilek, 1/1922 (Publication) in Sivas. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Dimashq, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Damascus. A.: Şebbizade Mehmet Hayri P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:RMM.

Ditorya, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Doktor Şaban O.: military P.S.: granted L.:ABF.:BWS.:DH.MKT.1290/35, RMM.

Diyane, 3/1920 (Publication). Audience: women L.:TRS.:HTU.

Diyarbekir, 1869 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Diyarbekir. Genre: official L.:TR, AMS.:OK21(32).

Dobruca Sedasi, 5/1910 (Publication) in Dobruga. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Doğru Söz, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: George Khronos O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM. Found in HTU but different publisher and year.

Doğru söz, 7/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Doğru Yol, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Asaf O.: publisher P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1273/90, ZB.329/16, RMM.

Doğu, 1/1922 (Publication) in Kastamonu. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Doğu, 12/1921 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Dolap, 1874 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Domachno Oghtichra, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Peraki Kelioff O.: education P.S.: granted L.:BUF.:TMS.:RMM.

Drova, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: [unknown] P.S.: granted L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.1282/14.

al-Duha, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: Shaykh Mohammad Shahal P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:RMM.

al-Duhr, 9/1909 (Permit application) in Baghdad. A.: Yusuf Molla P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MUI1-1/81.

Dürbün, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Yenişehirlizade Muhittin P.S.: granted L.:TR, GRF.:BWS.:RMM.

al-Dustur, 2/1909 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Zehirzade Ahmet Paşa O.: government P.S.: granted L.:AR, FRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1275/59, ZB.24/59, HTU, RMM. Applied for D but published W.

al-Dustur al-ʿUthmani, 2/1909 (Permit result). A.: Şeyh Selim al-Yakubi P.S.: denied L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2744/29.

Düşünce, 2/1922 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Düşünce, 8/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Düşünceler, 9/1922 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Duygu ve Düşünce, 2/1927 (Publication) in Sivas. L.:TRS.:HTU. published in Sivas

Echo de lʾOrient, 1838 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Izmir. Genre: expat L.:FRS.:OK21(37). Appeard until 1846.

Ecnebi Matbuat Hulasası, 6/1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Eczacı, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Ali Süreyya O.: medical P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1277/49. Found in HTU but different publisher and year.

Eczacı, 8/1911 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Edebi/Edep, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Theodori Herakli O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:GRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1288/77, RMM.

Edebiyat, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Vamek Şükrü O.: civil servant P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1289/85, RMM.

Edep, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Yusuf Ziyaettin O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2629/46, RMM.

(Musavver) Edep, 8/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Leon Lütfü O.: librarian P.S.: granted Audience: youth L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1276/4, ZB.24/67, HTU, RMM. Applied for D but published W.

Edep ya hu!, 10/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Zeytunzade Mehmet Remzi P.S.: granted Genre: satirical, illustrated, published in Izmir according to RMM, but HTU confirms Istanbul L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM. Applied for D but published W.

Edinstov, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Hristo Çernoyef P.S.: granted L.:BUF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2729/83.

Edirne, 1868 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Edirne. Genre: official L.:TR, GRS.:OK21(32).

Edirne Sedası, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Edirne. A.: Paragiroğlu Argeli P.S.: granted L.:BUF.:TWS.:RMM.

Efkar, 3/1909 (Permit result). A.: Yusuf Ziya P.S.: denied S.:DH.MKT.2775/96, DH.MKT.2775/96. Application rejected due to applicant being too young.

Efkar-ı Millet, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Yusuf Ziyaüddin (Fatsalı) O.: student P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

Eftap, 7/1910 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Yazıcı Osman Nuri P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.2730/66, HTU, RMM. Published in Edirne according to RMM

Eftap, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Rhodes. A.: Süleyman Fuat O.: librarian P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific F.: W S.:DH.MKT.2749/36, RMM.

Ehmed, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Jerusalem. A.: Margaret Palmer P.S.: granted Audience:Published in Jaffa in AR according to boa. L.:EN, FR, HEF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2711/30, RMM. Applicant was an English citizen.

Ejirea, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Athanase Anastasiadis O.: education P.S.: granted Genre: literary, art, commercial L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2690/38, RMM.

Ekinci, 4/1913 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Eklesiastiki Aliteia, 1881 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Istanbul. L.:GRS.:OK21(40). Appeared until 1922.

Ekonomikos Angelyaforos/Angliaphoros, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Mihalaki/Mikhalaki Manas/Manos P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1276/56, RMM.

Eleysha, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Atnas & Vasilaki P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2637/95.

Embras, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Hemazasp Khaki P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM.

Embrosi/Emizos, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Makridi P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary, illustrated L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1274/45, RMM.

(Musavver) Emel, 9/1909 (Publication) in Izmir. A.: Mevsilli Baş Alemzade İsmail Hakkı P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM. Published in Istanbul, according to RMM, but HTU confirms Izmir

Emel Mecmuası, 1930 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU. Published in Romania.

Emniyet, 4/1896 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Emporiki Ephteoris, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Dimitri Phalguiri P.S.: granted L.:TR, FR, GRF.: M S.:RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

Emraz-ı Etfal, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Dr. Viboli P.S.: granted L.:TR, FRF.: W S.:RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

Emrolithos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Atnas & Vasilaki P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2637/95, RMM.

Enbeke, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Mehmet Necip Efendi (Edirneli) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2629/61.

Encümen, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mahmut Nedim O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Engin, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Edirneli Mehmet Necip P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Enosis, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Scyros. A.: Demosthene Melko P.S.: granted L.:GRF.:TWS.:RMM.

Envar-ı Hakikat, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Yusuf Cemil (Cebecizade torunu) P.S.: unknown L.:TR, FRS.:DH.MKT.1275/34.

Envar-ı Hürriyet, 9/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Ali İffet O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1282/72, HTU, RMM. Published in Kosovo according to RMM, but BOA and HTU confirm Istanbul.

Envar-ı Şarkiye, 1867 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Erzurum. Genre: official L.:TR, AMS.:OK21(32).

Envar-ı Ulum, 8/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Mustafa Sati O.: government P.S.: granted Audience: youth L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM. Printed at Matbaa-i Amire.

Envar-ı Zeka, 1883 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Enzartisina/Enksratlisina, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Christaki /Hristaki Atnason/Anthanase P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2630/89, RMM.

Ephemeris Don Kiryo, 5/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Harikalya Malandino O.: education P.S.: unknown L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2798/49.

Ephemeris Smyrneen, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Nikolaki O.: press (owner of La Reforme) P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1285/54, RMM.

Ephemeris Ton Yinon, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Theodore Idris O.: press (editor Amalthia) P.S.:granted Genre: illustrated L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM.

Ephemirai Hayva, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Ph. Kondorioti Kasta O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2639/95, RMM. Title in MMR “Ephimeris i Dj…”.

Epiros, 7/1909 (Permit result) in Ionnina. A.: Dimitri Kocko P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2869/59.

Epiteorisis/Epris, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Mikhail Nikolaidi O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:GRF.:TMS.:DH.MKT.2860/86, RMM.

la Epoca, 1875 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Thessaloniki. L.:JESS.:OK21(43). Appeared until 1912.

Erantis, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Guiriako Paniyi P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

Ergadis/Erghanis, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Kavala. A.: Dimitri/Dimitraki Eftonidi O.: law P.S.: granted L.:GRF.:TWS.:MF.MKT.1103/21, DH.MKT.2729/31, RMM.

(Musavver) Erganun, 10/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Erkekler Dünyası, 1/1914 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Esas, 7/1908 (Permit application). A.: Ali Fuat O.: press P.S.: unknown Genre: political, random, illustrated F.: D S.:DH.MKT.1274/5.

Eşek, 11/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Eskaser, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mihran O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: D S.:RMM.

Esmar-ı Tekamül, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: b. Nusret Nezmi P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

Esperini, 2/1909 (Permit application). A.: Nikola Parici O.: law P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2746/17.

Espor, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Abdullah Zühdi O.: press (owner of Yeni Gazete) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

(Musavver) Eşref, 3/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Hüseyin Nazmi O.: press P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2765/50, HTU.

Esve Telosi/Estelos, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Yivan/Yoan O.: education P.S.: granted L.:SEKF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1290/35, RMM.

Etfal, 1887 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ethniki Drasis, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: Philidi Philios P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2629/45, DH.MKT.2829/41, RMM, Odabaşıoğlu (12).

Ethniki Phoni, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Alagözoğlu Sava P.S.: granted L.:TR, GRF.: D S.:RMM.

Ethnos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: George/Yorgi Ikonomidi P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM.

Eumonia, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Ionnina. A.: Müslüm Ağazade Abdülbaki P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:RMM.

Eumonia/Omonya, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: İsmail Hakkı O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2623/127, RMM.

Ev Hocası, 7/1923 (Publication) in Ankara. Audience: women L.:TRS.:HTU.

Express-Publicité, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Jerome Mafioli P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: W S.:RMM. Applicant was an Italian citizen.

Ezan, 1896 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ezhar-ı Şebbab, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Hasip O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TR, FRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2694/72, ZB.329/54, RMM.

Ezop, 9/1908 (Publication). Genre: satirical L.:TRF.:TWS.:HTU.

Eztak, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Alexian Misakian P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2646/64, ZB.328/44, RMM. Also mentioned in BOA as “Aztak”.

Fağfur, 8/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Falaka, 8/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. Genre: satirical L.:TRF.:TWS.:HTU.

Familya, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet İhsan P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TR, FRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2693/4, ZB.329/72, RMM.

Fanus, 4/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Yanko Vala O.: law P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2797/29.

Fanus, 5/1909 (Permit application). A.: Lonida Solidi O.: press P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2805/67.

Fasl al-Khitab, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Ramazanzade Bashir P.S.: granted L.:ARF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.2659/15, DH.MKT.1297/42, RMM.

Fasl al-Khitab, 5/1909 (Permit result) in Damascus. A.: Hatipzade Abdulkadir P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2824/13.

al-Fawaid, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Syria . A.: Shaykh Ahmad Sabuni O.: law P.S.: granted L.:ARF.:TWS.:RMM.

Fazilet, 9/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Reşat O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1274/2, HTU, RMM. Published D according to BOA but published W.

Felsefe-ı Musiki, 2/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Felsefe ve İctimaiyat Mecmuası, 5/1927 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Fen, 3/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Fen Kıtatı Mecmuası, 9/1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

(Musavver) Fen ve Edep, 3/1899 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Fenni Gazete, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Bedros P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2679/14, ZB.328/141, RMM. Published D according to RMM.

Ferda, 9/1908 (Publication (Approx.)). L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

Fetene, 12/1908 (Permit result). A.: Hrisostomoni Ağlarcıoğlu P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:ZB.329/43.

Fevaid, 11/1887 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Fevaid, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Bursa. A.: İsmail Reşit O.: press (owner Bursa) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:RMM.

Feyz, 9/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Trabzon. A.: Silahtarzade Halil P.S.:granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1289/26, HTU, RMM.

Feyz-i Hürriyet, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Vicdani O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1275/33, RMM.

Fikirler, 7/1927 (Publication) in Izmir. Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Fikr-i Selim, 3/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Ali O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown Genre: political, scientific, literary L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2779/33.

Fikr-i Zaman, 10/1908 (Permit application). A.: Kayseryan Efendi O.: law P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2629/91.

Fikret, 5/1909 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Şevket (Debreli) P.S.: granted F.: W S.:DH.MKT.2816/8.

Filend, 1908/1909 (Permit application). A.: Ferid O.: government P.S.: granted F.:TWS.:RMM.

Filistin, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Jerusalem. A.: Zuhurzade Yusuf Sidqi P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1280/23, RMM.

Filos Ton Neon, 1831 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Izmir. L.:GRS.:OK21(39).

Filozof, 8/1909 (Permit application) in Trabzon. A.: Charles Mirkoviç P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2900. Applicant was a Austro-Hungarian citizen.

Firuze, 9/1924 (Publication). Audience: women L.:TRS.:HTU.

Fırat, 1869 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Aleppo. Genre: official L.:TR, ARS.:OK21(32).

la Fon Turquie, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Kirkor Zehrab O.: law P.S.: granted L.:FRS.:ZB.24/28.

Fosi, 7/1909 (Permit result) in Sisam. A.: İlya v. Konstanti Petraki P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2872/1.

Fostariani Fenar, 5/1909 (Permit application). A.: Sunluoğlu Nikola P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2822/38.

Fünun, 1892 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Füyuzat, 1/1909 (Publication) in Thessaloniki. A.: Ali Rıza O.: banking P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2708/60, DH.MKT.2676/76, HTU, RMM. Applied for D but published M.

Füyuzat, 12/1906 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Füyuzat-ı Kürdiye, 5/1909 (Permit result). A.: Palutzade Mehmet Halil P.S.: granted L.:TR, KUS.:DH.MKT.2820/81.

Gamlı, 12/1910 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU. The first issue has a picture of the owner.

Gavroche, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Dolayan O.: printing, press (owner Memcua-ı Ahbar) P.S.: granted L.:TRAMSF.: D S.:HTU, RMM.

Gayret, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Rıza Paşa (Filibeli) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Gayret, 12/1886 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Gazete, 7/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.: D S.:HTU.

Gazette Medical dʾOrient, 1857 (Publication (Secondary source)). Genre: expat L.:FRS.:OK21(37).

Gece Kuşu, 1/1912 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Genç Anadolu, 12/1921 (Publication) in Trabzon. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Genç Kadın, 10/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Genç Kalemler, 7/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Genç kimyager, 5/1911 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Genç Mektepliler, 4/1924 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Genç Sanatkar, 10/1918 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Genç Tabip, 5/1911 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Genç Türk, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Remzi (Vodinali) O.: press P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2630/96. Found in HTU but different publisher and year.

Genç Yolcular, 12/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Gencine-i Edep, 11/1908 (Publication) in Izmir. L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

Gençler Derneği, 3/1914 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Gençler Dünyasi, 10/1920 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Gençlik, 5/1911 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Gençlik, 1928 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Gençlik Duygusu, 4/1914 (Publication). Genre: illustrated Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Gerçek, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Fahreddin Hayri O.: civil servant P.S.: granted Genre: political L.:TRS.:ZB.25/40.

Geveze, 8/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Grigor Faik O.: press (owner Musavver Terakki and İnkılap) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated, satirical L.:TRF.:TWS.:HTU, RMM. Applied for D but published TW.

Geveze, 8/1875 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ghadir al-Firat, 1867 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Aleppo. Genre: official L.:TR, ARS.:OK21(32).

Giovana Esperanza, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Aaron-Jospeh Gazan P.S.: granted L.:LAS.:RMM. Applicant was an Itialian citizen.

Girit, 1867 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Crete. Genre: official L.:TR, GRS.:OK21(32).

Girit, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: [unknown] P.S.: granted L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.1282/14.

Gol Mecmuası, 6/1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Gölge, 12/1925 (Publication) in Adana. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Gonca, 6/1909 (Permit result). A.: Mehmet Galip P.S.: granted Genre: literary, scientific, sociologic F.: W S.:DH.MKT.2847/85, DH.MKT.2772/11.

Göryan Geri, 10/1908 (Permit result). A.: Leon Sagobi O.: other P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2626/42. Applicant was an Italian citizen.

Gramafon, 1/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Diran v. Nikogos Masisyan P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1294/45, HTU.

Güleryüz, 5/1921 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Gülistan, 5/1910 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Gülizar, 3/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.: ? S.:HTU.

Gülşen, 4/1885 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Gülşen-i Edeb, 4/1899 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Gümrük Mecmuası, 10/1926 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Gün, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ali Sacit O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Gündoğuşu, 4/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Güneş, 1883 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Güneş, 10/1927 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Gurbet, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Aydin. A.: Ahmet Mahmut O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2640/3, RMM. Published in Istanbul, according to BOA.

Gürbüz Turk Çocuğu, 10/1926 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

al Gusto, 1/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Leon Israel Arghouni P.S.: granted L.:JESF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2709/62, RMM.

Guvaze, 4/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Güzel Saruhan, 2/1926 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Habastan, 3/1909 (Permit application). A.: Yatofak Armen P.S.: unknown Genre: illustrated L.:AMF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2754/36.

Haber, 11/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Haber, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Sarraf Abdulvahhap O.: other P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.:TDS.:DH.MKT.2635/48, RMM.

Haber Anası, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: Çeşmecizade Mehmet Tevfik P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2730/5, RMM. Publication possibly confirmed in “Nekergu ile Pişkar”, issue 8, but referenced as “Trabzonʾda Haber Babası”.

Haberci, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Aydin. A.: Isaac Cohen O.: education P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2655/20, RMM.

Hacıvat, 9/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Tahir O.: press (director Hanımlara Mahsus Gazete) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM. Applied for D but published W.

Hadika, 2/1870 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hadika-ı İrfan, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Ahmet Asım O.: education P.S.: unknown Genre: scientific, literary L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1275/44.

Hadika-ı Malumat, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: İbrahim Halil O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:ZB.329/56, RMM.

Hadika-ı Meşveret, 5/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Abdi O.: education P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2798/28.

Hadiqa al-Akhbar, 1860 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Beirut. Genre: official L.:TR, ARS.:OK21(32).

Hadisat-ı Hukukiye ve Tarihiye, 12/1924 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hadım-ı Vatan, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Yusuf Cemil (Cebecizade torunu) P.S.: unknown Genre: religious, literary, industrial, commercial, political L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1275/34.

Hafta, 8/1881 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Haftada Bir Gün, 9/1926 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Haftalık Mecmua, 7/1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Haftalık Serbest İzmir, 8/1907 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Haftalık Yeni Gazete, 5/1926 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Haftalık Resimli Gazetemiz, 11/1924 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Haftalık Resimli İstanbul, 6/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hak, 11/1909 (Publication) in Thessaloniki. L.:TRF.: irregular S.:HTU.

Hak Torno Ounistvo, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Yorgui Petroff P.S.: granted L.:BUF.:TWS.:RMM.

Hak yolu, 9/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hakayık-i Tarihiye ve Siyasiye, 6/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.:TMS.:HTU.

Hakayık ül-Vekayi, 9/1870 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hakikat/Hakekab ve Perent, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Raşit Halil (Yenisehirli) P.S.: granted L.:TR, ABF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2666/52, RMM.

Hakkaniyet, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: David Dermosisyan P.S.: unknown Genre: scientific, political, illustrated F.: D S.:DH.MKT.1280/50.

Hal, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Süleyman Sakıp O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Halab al-Shahba, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Aleppo. A.: Talaszade Mehmet Nafi P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary L.:TR, ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1287/7, RMM.

Hale, 12/1922 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Haliç, 4/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Kethüdazade Mehmet Salahaddin P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2783/21.

Halk Bilgisi Mecmuası, 1928 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Halk Gazetesi, 11/1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Halka Doğru, 4/1913 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Halka Doğru Mecmuası, 2/1919 (Publication) in İzmir. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hama, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Damascus. A.: Shaykh Ahmad Sabuni O.: religious P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2751/13, RMM.

Hamiyet, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Halil Edip O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Hamiyet, 4/1907 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU. Possibly renamed from “Burhan-ı Terakki”

Hamma al-Sham, 3/1909 (Permit application) in Damascus. A.: Gaylanizadeh al-Sayyid Wasfi P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2754/11.

Hande, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Adana. A.: Artin Arslanyan O.: education P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.1288/86.

Hande, 7/1916 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU. Renamed from “Eşref”.

Hanin, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Mount Lebanon. A.: İbrahim Name Halef P.S.: granted L.:AR, ENS.:DH.MKT.2832/82.

Hanım, 9/1921 (Publication). Genre: illustrated Audience: women L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hanımlara Mahsus Gazete, 9/1895 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Haqaiq, 5/1886 (Publication). L.:ARS.:HTU.

al-Haqiqa, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: Müderriszade Abdülmecid Talat P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2827/39, DH.MKT.2866/73.

Haqiqa, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Mount Lebanon. A.: Georges Malluf P.S.: granted L.:ARF.:TMS.:RMM.

al-Haqiqa/al-Haqaiq, 9/1908 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Beirut. A.: Shaykh Ahmad ʾAbbas O.: religious P.S.: granted L.:ARF.:TMS.:DH.MKT.1296/23, RMM, Tauber.

al-Haqq, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Mount Lebanon. A.: Tobya/Tabie Atçallah/ʾAtta Allah O.: religious P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2714/9, RMM.

al-Haramayn, 7/1909 (Permit result) in Madina. A.: Huseyin Berade P.S.: granted Genre: religious, scientific, literary L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2757/67, DH.MKT.2867/51.

Harazan, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Kirkor Torosyan O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1279/6, RMM.

Harb Melulları Mecmuası, 3/1926 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU. RMM mentions the name “Eskon Papazyan”.

Harish/Kharlikh, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: Serasi Dimitri P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2756/91, RMM. Published in AM according to RMM.

Harp Mecmuası, 8/1915 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Hasab, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Safed. A.: Bevil Berşad P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2857/9.

Haşerat, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hacı Mehmet Kasım O.: librarian P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated, satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

Hasıl-ı Kelam, 1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hayri P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2721/68.

Hatif, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Ahmet (Kıbrıslı) O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2777/33.

Hatip, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Abdurrahman Naci P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1282/14, RMM.

Haver, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hayri O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown L.:FAS.:DH.MKT.1286/50.

Haver, 1/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet O.: press P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2726/37. Found in HTU but different publisher, year and language (FA).

Haver, 3/1884 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Hawadith, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Lutfallah Khallat O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:AR, TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2835/57, RMM. BOA mentions the name “İlyas Lydu Cedun”.

al-Hawadith, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Tripoli. A.: Lütfullah Hallat P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2639/82.

Hay-ı Aşık/Hay Ask, 3/1909 (Permit application). A.: Yatofak Armen P.S.: unknown Genre: illustrated L.:AMF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2754/36.

Hay Jogovart, 9/1908 (Permit application). A.: Hrant Nazaryan P.S.: unknown Genre: illustrated L.:AMF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2618/65.

al-Haya al-Ijtimaʿiya, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Aleppo. A.: Kawkabizadeh Qasim P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2732/58, RMM.

Hayal, 10/1873 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hayal-ı Cedit, 3/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hayal ve Hakikat, 1908 (Permit application). A.: Yunus Nadi P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2723/95.

Hayat, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Avnizade Süleyman O.: press P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2640/93, ZB.328/37.

Hayat Hazineleri, 8/1923 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Hayik (?), 9/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Shaykh Ahmad ʾAbbas P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.1296/23.

Hayr ül-Kelam, 11/1913 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hayrenik, 1870 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Istanbul. L.:AMS.:OK21(41).

Hazine-i Evrak, 5/1881 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hazine-i Fünun, 7/1893 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hekim, 1/1922 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hellesbondos, 7/1909 (Permit result) in Kale-i Sultaniye. A.: Kalaanti Negri P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2865/32, DH.MKT.2829/10.

Hemşeri, 2/1922 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU. Published in the USA.

Hermes, 1/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Osman b. Hürşid O.: merchant P.S.: granted L.:TR, GR, FRF.: M S.:DH.MKT.2700/40, RMM.

Hermes/Ermisi, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Petri v. Dimitri Yovakim P.S.: granted Genre: agricultural, commercial L.:GRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1280/63, RMM.

Hermis/Ermis, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Mikhail Tokos/Mihail Tokosi P.S.: granted L.:GRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1288/80, RMM.

Hicaz, 1908 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Hejaz. Genre: official L.:TR, ARS.:OK21(33).

Hicaz Hattı, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Hayfalı İbrahim b. Davut Nablusi P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2735/101, RMM.

Hikaye ve Roman gazetesi, 9/1929 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Hikma, 11/1908 (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: Shaykh/Munif Ramadan P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: M S.:DH.MKT.2642/73, RMM.

al-Hikma, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Damascus. A.: ʿAbdallah P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2772/119.

al-Hikma, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Mount Lebanon. A.: Selim Tanos Vehbe P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2840/23.

Hilal, 4/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Mustafa Asım O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1276/36, ZB.24/35, HTU, RMM.

Hilal-ı Ahzar, 2/1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hizmet-i Umumiye, 5/1920 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hifz ül-Sıhha, 5/1908 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hıyaban, 2/1914 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hıyaban, 5/1914 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hokkabaz, 9/1908 (Publication) in İstanbul. A.: Artin Tanalyan/Tatlıyan O.: merchant P.S.: granted Genre: satirical, illustrated L.:TR, AM, GR, FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1276/7, ZB.24/69, HTU, RMM.

Holev, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Hemazasp Khaki P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: W S.:RMM.

Hover Haris, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Şükrü O.: education P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2745/87.

Hubb-ı Vatan, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Aleppo. A.: Zihnizade Seyyit İbrahim Hakkı P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2737/87, RMM.

Hücum, 3/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ali İskender Efendi P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2768/88.

al-Hudar, 8/1909 (Permit application). A.: İbrahim & Hasib O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2911/8.

Hüdavendigar, 1870 (Publication) in Bursa. Genre: official L.:TR, AMS.:HTU, OK21(32).

Hukuk, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Behram O.: law P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1282/48.

Hukuk, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Albert Trica P.S.: granted L.:TR, FRF.: D S.:RMM.

Hukuk Bilgileri Mecmuası, 9/1926 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

(Musavver) Hukuk-ı Etfal, 2/1914 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hukuk Mecmuası, 9/1915 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hukuk-ı Osmaniye, 10/1908 (Permit result). A.: Abdülkadir P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary, scientific, commercial L.:TR, ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2642/36.

Hukuk-ı Umumiye, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Esat P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:HTU, RMM.

Hukuk-ı Umumiye, 9/1908 (Publication) in Konya. A.: Necip Nadir O.: other P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1289/88, ZB.25/28, HTU.

Hukuk ve Adalet, 7/1908 (Permit application). A.: S. De Kuledo P.S.: unknown F.: W S.:DH.MKT.1273/91.

Hüküm, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Konya. A.: Müftüzade Ahmet/Mehmet Tevfik P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.2730/79, RMM.

Hülasa, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hafız Mehmet Ali P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1278/25, RMM.

(Musavver) Hülasa-ı Ceraid, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: İsmail Sami P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1292/80, ZB.25/41, RMM.

Hülasa-ı Efkar, 3/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ali İskender O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2763/3.

Hulasat ül-Efkar, 6/1873 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Humus, 3/1909 (Permit result). A.: Humus Matrani Atnayos P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2764/28.

Hür Çocuk, 5/1918 (Publication). Genre: illustrated Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hür Türkiye, 6/1928 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hürmüz, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Simon Çömlekciyan P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.1276/3.

al-Hurriya, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Jaffa. A.: Muhammad Tawfiq al-Mahori P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2851/64.

Hürriyet, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Selim Amon & Davud P.S.: granted S.:DH.MKT.2652/65.

Hürriyet, 8/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Mazhar P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1273/18, HTU.

Hürriyet, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Raşitefendizade İlmi O.: merchant P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1280/66, DH.MKT.1280/66, RMM.

Hürriyet, 2/1909 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hürriyet, 6/1868 (Publication). Genre: exile L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hürriyet-i Fikriye, 2/1914 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Hüsn ü Şiir, 6/1909 (Publication) in Thessaloniki. L.:TRF.:TMS.:HTU.

al-Husna, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: George/Corci Nikolabaz P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2699/80, DH.MKT.2763/30.

I Smyrna Bikou Skrin/Izmir Nabikovaskarib, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Nichan Berberian O.: merchant P.S.: granted Genre: commercial, agricultural, literary L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2678/57, RMM. Published W according to RMM.

al-Iʿtisam, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Damascus. A.: Mustafa Rushdi (Şamlı) P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, literary L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1282/51, ZB.24/86, RMM. According to RMM in Istanbul.

İbiş, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Ahmet Cemil P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.2663/62, RMM.

İbret, 6/1872 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İbretnüma-ı Dünya, 1872 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İçtihat, 9/1904 (Publication) in Geneva. Genre: exile L.:TRS.:HTU.

İçtihat, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Reşit P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2697/74.

el-İçtihat, 7/1909 (Permit result). A.: Mustafa Hilmi (Maraşlı) P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARS.:DH.MKT.2871/99.

İctimaat Mecmuası, 9/1917 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İdare, 4/1928 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İdman, 5/1913 (Publication). Audience: sports L.:TRS.:HTU.

İdrak, 4/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İfham, 3/1913 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İhtiyat Zabıtları Postası, 12/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Ikadh, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Abu al-Ziya Tawfiq P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:RMM.

İkbal, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Muhtar O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1289/89, ZB.25/29, RMM. In Aleppo according to RMM.

İkbal, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Mameretülaziz. A.: Süleyman Sırrı O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2693/44, RMM.

İkbal-ı Millet, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hüseyin Enver Efendi O.: printing P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.:TWS.:RMM.

İkbal-ı Vatan, 4/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Asaf Beyzade Hasan Kemal P.S.: unknown Genre: political L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2786/35.

lʾIkdam, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Cevdet O.: press (director İkdam) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:FRF.: D S.:RMM.

al-Ikha, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Azimzadeh Shafiq al-Muʾayyad P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2619/73, RMM.

İkramiyeli Ziraat Gazetesi, 6/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

İktisadiyat Mecmuası, 2/1916 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İktisat Bülteni, 4/1926 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İlan, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Boyacıoğlu Karaguin P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TR, GR, AM, FRF.: W S.:RMM.

İlan, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Loka Kakan P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.1281/75.

İlan-ı Ticaret ve Sanayi/Ticaret ve Sanayiye Ait İlan Gazetesi, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Hasan Vasıf P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1285/25, ZB.25/1, RMM.

İlanat, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Luca Galician P.S.: granted F.: D S.:RMM.

İlanat-ı İktisadiye, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mustafa Remzi P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1275/46, RMM.

İleri, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Saki O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

İleri, 1/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İlhan, 4/1911 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

İlk Terbiye ve Tedrisat Mecmuası, 10/1924 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

İlm-i Hukuk ve Mukayese-i Kavanin Mecmuası, 4/1909 (Publication). L.:TRF.: M S.:HTU.

İlmiye, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Kilisli Abünnafi O.: education P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, literary L.:TRF.: D S.:ZB.24/30, RMM.

Imera, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Yanko Stavrolaki P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.1278/17.

Impartial, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Menahem Khalkon O.: law P.S.: granted L.:FR, HES.:DH.MKT.1290/35, RMM.

lʾImpartial, 1841 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Izmir. Genre: expat L.:FRS.:OK21(37). Appeared until 1915.

Imra, 6/1907 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Aristo Dimo P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:ZB.21/77.

İmtiyaz, 3/1909 (Publication) in Izmir. A.: Hemazasp Khaki P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM.

İncili Çavuş, 8/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: İrfan O.: librarian P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM.

Indépendence Ottomane, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Ağazade Behçet Bey P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: D S.:ZB.24/48, RMM.

Indépendence Ottomane, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: K. Arslan (Avsturya-Macaristan tebeasindan) P.S.: unknown L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.2637/88.

İnkılap-ı Edebi, 7/1912 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Inkilyanoros, 10/1908 (Permit application). A.: Kasenofrat v. Arastidi Istiratinoblu P.S.: unknown L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2630/76.

İnkılap, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aleppo. A.: Henanozade İbrahim P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: D S.:RMM.

İnkılap, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: Sadık P.S.: granted L.:TR, FRS.:DH.MKT.2744/60, RMM.

İnkılap, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Grigor Faik O.: press (director Musavver Terakki) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM. Found in HTU but different publisher and W.

İnkılap, 7/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Mustafa Bahattin, Kadızade Ömer Şevket P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2790/50, HTU, RMM. In HTU copues, the owber is Mustafa Bahaüddin, which is different to the applicant. Perhaps the permit was sold?

İnkılap, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Abdurrahman Adil (Selanikli) O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TR, FRF.: D S.:RMM.

İnkılap-i Osmani, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Nazilli. A.: Haşim Enveri P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2857/12.

al-Insaf, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Jerusalem. A.: Elyas al-Mashhur (Nebdeli) P.S.: granted L.:ARF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.2670/7, RMM.

İnsaf, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Selavi P.S.: granted L.:TR, FRF.:TWS.:HTU, RMM.

İnsaniyet, 1/1882 (Publication). Audience: women L.:TRS.:HTU.

İnsaniyet, 8/1910 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

International, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Tripolitania. A.: Nesim v. Emborah P.S.: granted L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.2830/73.

İntibah, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Ionnina. A.: Müslüm Ağazade Abdülbaki P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:RMM.

İntibah, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Tevfik (Selanikli) O.: press P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

İntibah, 6/1882 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

İntikam, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: Tatarzade Akif P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TR, AR, GR, FR, AM, HE, OTF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2758/16, RMM.

İntikam, 12/1902 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İntizam, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Kamil O.: press (owner Vatan) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

İntizam, 9/1908 (Permit result). A.: Esat Muhlis O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1288/37, ZB.25/10.

el-İntizar, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Trabzon. A.: Hasan Rıza O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: religious, political, law, scientific L.:TR, ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2741/72, RMM. Published Istanbul according to RMM.

Ipros, 7/1909 (Permit result) in Ionnina. A.: [unknown] P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2875/63.

İrade-i Milliye, 9/1919 (Publication) in Sivas. L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Irfan, 1908/1909? (Publication (Secondary source)) in Beirut. A.: Hajji ʾAli Zayn P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: M S.:RMM, Tauber.

İrfan, 1/1909 (Permit application). A.: Ziya Bey O.: press P.S.: unknown F.: D S.:DH.MKT.2725/68.

Irgat, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Mehmet Cevdet/Mecdet O.: government P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1284/85, RMM.

İrşad ül-Müslimin, 7/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İrşalovis, 7/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: [unknown] P.S.: granted Genre: political L.:AMF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1457/1325 C-33.

İrşat, 5/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Hamit P.S.: unknown F.: D S.:DH.MKT.2810/56.

Irshad, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: Husayn Farid O.: law P.S.: granted L.:AR, TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.2656/62, RMM.

İrtika, 4/1897 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU. Possibly republished in 1898 and 1899.

İşçi, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Stravi Veldaspero Photaidi P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM.

İşçiler Gazetesi, 1/1909 (Permit application) in İstanbul. A.: Ligor Constantinidi P.S.: granted L.:TR, FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2706/124, RMM.

İsçilik, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Cemil O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2698/56.

Işık, 1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Işık, 2/1914 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İşkodra, 1868 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Iskodra. Genre: official L.:TRS.:OK21(32).

al-Islah, 2/1909 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Beirut. A.: Yusuf Ghannam Thabit, O.: printing P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:AR, FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2747/64, DH.MKT.2636/18, RMM. Tauber mentioned Ahmad Hasan Tabbara (25/N/1326 DH.MKT. 2636/18) applicant needs to supply his age (although he already owns a newspaper?)

al-Islah, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Djedda. A.: Raghib Mustafa Tawakkul P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2688/78, RMM.

al-Islah al-ʿUthmani, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Muhammad Misbah al-Hud P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2699/83, DH.MKT.2651/51, RMM.

Islahat, 1908 (Permit application). A.: İzmirli Mehmet İhsan P.S.: unknown Genre: agricultural, scientific, literary S.:DH.MKT.2722/83.

el-İslam, 4/1909 (Publication (Approx.)). L.:TRF.:TWS.:HTU.

İslam Dünyası, 4/1913 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İslam Mecmuası, 2/1914 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

(Musavver) İslam Salon Mecmuası, 4/1914 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

İslam ve Ulum, 11/1908 (Publication) in Manisa. A.: Ahmet Kemal (Yenişehirli) P.S.: granted Genre: religious L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM. Applied for D but published W.

Ispanoz, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Menlois Kalanta P.S.: unknown L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1282/52.

İspenciyar, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Hasan Rauf O.: medical P.S.: granted Genre: medical L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1277/42, RMM.

İspiritizma, 1/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İşrak, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Karabet Kechichian O.: press (owner Musavver Papağan) P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TR, FRF.:TMS.:RMM.

Istanbolovskiya Novasti, 4/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: İsmail Kemal O.: military P.S.: unknown L.:RUF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2762/93, DH.MKT2788/62.

İstanbul, 9/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İstanbul Belediye Mecmuası, 9/1924 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İstanbul Emraz-ı Cildiye ve Efrenciye Cemiyeti, 4/1924 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

İstanbul Vilayet Gazetesi, 12/1922 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Iştemeran Bidani Kidelyats, 1839 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Izmir. L.:AMS.:OK21(41).

İstikbal, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Crete. A.: Kemal Bey O.: other P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1278/3. Possibly confirmed publication by HTU, based on dates.

İstikbal, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Kemal P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TR, GR, AM, FRF.: D S.:RMM.

İstikbal, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Ahmet Cemil O.: education P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1288/22, RMM.

İstikbal, 1879 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İstiklal, 3/1909 (Permit application). A.: Hasan O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2764/45.

İstiklal, 9/1909 (Permit application). A.: Rashid Abu Hazira P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2763/6.

İstiklal-ı Osmani, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Ağazade Behçet Bey P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1280/46, ZB.24/48, RMM.

İştinka, 4/1909 (Permit application). A.: Raif P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2795/76.

al-Istiqama, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: Shaykh Abd al-Kareem Abu al-Nasr P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:RMM.

al-Istiqama, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Jerusalem. A.: Muhammad Rashid Abu Hafra P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2834/95.

al-Istiqlal, 11/1909 (Permit application) in Jaffa. A.: Muhammad Rashid Abu Hafra P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2668/88.

İştirak, 7/1912 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İstişare, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Suat/Seyyit P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1274/9, HTU, RMM. Published W according to BOA.

Istrapy, 4/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Mithat (Giritli) P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2787/45.

İtidal, 2/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Hilmi O.: press P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2704/46, HTU, RMM.

İtidal, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Ali Nizami P.S.: unknown Genre: political, financial, literary, commercial, daily F.: D S.:DH.MKT.1274/58.

İtidal, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Paçacızade Abdülvahab Rüştü P.S.: unknown F.: D S.:DH.MKT.1278/29.

İtidal/Hidal, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Adana. A.: İhsan Fikri P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1282/78, RMM.

İtila, 1887 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İtila-ı Osmani, 11/1908 (Permit result). A.: Ertuğrul Şakir O.: other P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2637/28, ZB.328/88.

İtilaf, 12/1909 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.: ? S.:HTU.

İtimat, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Mameretülaziz. A.: Hamid Haki O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2728/16, RMM. Published in Istanbul, according to RMM.

İttifak, 8/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Samih O.: press P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1271/46, DH.MKT.2915/54, HTU, RMM.

İttifak, 11/1908 (Permit result). A.: Abdülbaki P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2652/55.

al-Ittihad al-ʿUthmani, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Djamil Mughamiz P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, literary L.:ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1274/44, RMM.

al-Ittihad al-ʿUthmani, 1908/1909? (Publication (Secondary source)) in Tripoli. A.: Muhammad Shabat, ʿAbd al-Rahman ʾIzz al-Din P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:RMM, Tauber.

al-Ittihad al-ʿUthmani, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Tripolitania. A.: Ahmad Hamdi O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2698/41, RMM.

İttihad-ı Anasır, 5/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İttihad-ı Ekrad, 2/1909 (Permit application). A.: Bediüzzaman Said-i Kürdi P.S.: unknown L.:KUS.:DH.MKT.2730/76.

İttihad-ı İslam, 11/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Şehbenderzade Ahmet Hilmi (Filibeli) P.S.: granted Genre: religious L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2660/60, ZB.328/34, HTU, RMM.

İttihad-ı İslam, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. Genre: religious L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

al-Ittihad al-Islami, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Şehbenderzade Ahmet Hilmi (filibeli) P.S.: granted L.:AR, FAF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2660/60, ZB.328/34, RMM.

İttihad-ı Muhammedi, 3/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Abdullah Ferid O.: education P.S.: unknown L.:AR, FR, TRS.:DH.MKT.2764/66.

İttihad-ı Osmani, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Shaykh Ahmad Hasan Tayyara/Tabare O.: religious P.S.: granted L.:AR, TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1299/56, DH.MKT.2658/77, RMM.

İttihat, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Fuat O.: other P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1278/31, RMM.

İttihat, 10/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Izmir. A.: İsmail Hakkı O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TR, GR, AM, FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1276/87, HTU, RMM.

İttihat, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Shkodër. A.: Dom Noçnika O.: religious P.S.: granted L.:ABS.:DH.MKT.2668/16, DH.MKT.2830/61.

İttihat, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Van. A.: David Papasyan, Vartan P.S.: unknown L.:TR, KU, AMS.:DH.MKT.2622/4.

İttihat ve Terakki, 8/1908 (Publication) in Thessaloniki. A.: Talat O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TR, FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1281/60, RMM.

Iyonia, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Erkiryos Damyanos & Arkirboyos Damyanos (İtalyan tebeasindan) P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1290/74, DH.MKT.2704/70, DH.MKT.2654/33, RMM. Applicant was an Italian citizen.

Iyotis, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Pantalaki Kosmidi P.S.: unknown L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1274/59.

İzdivaç, 6/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İzmir, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Hüseyin Hilmi P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

İzmir, 1896 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İzmir, 2/1928 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

İzmir İdman Mecmuası, 5/1924 (Publication) in Izmir. L.:TRS.:HTU.

İzmirʾde Hürriyet, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Alfred O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1280/66.

Izmir al Kismet, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Alexandrovine Ghabat/Alexander Vin Inaz P.S.: granted L.:JESF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1282/8, RMM.

Izmirinos/Izmirinios, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Koudali/Serkotovali P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2644/32, RMM.

İzmit, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Izmit. A.: Mavian Mardiros, Krikor Saraydaryan O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:TR, AMF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1275/75, RMM.

Jale, 9/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

Jamanak, 1863 (Publication (Secondary source)). L.:AMS.:OK21(41).

Jamanak, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Misak Kotchounian O.: press (editor Sabah) P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1289/87, RMM.

Jamanaks Nechantire, 1/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Zadour Behar P.S.: granted L.:TRAMSF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2725/34, RMM.

al-Jamiʿa, 3/1909 (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: Esad Mihail Lahud P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2768/65.

al-Jamiʿa, 1/1909 (Permit application). A.: Adil O.: military P.S.: unknown L.:AR, TRS.:DH.MKT.2701/11. Possibly two separate publications.

al-Jamiʿa al-ʿUthmaniya, 5/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Mehmet Ali Kabani P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2825/22, DH.MKT.1297/58.

Jandarma Mecmuası, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Hafız Kadiri P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

Jandarma Mecmuası, 1/1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Jin, 11/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Jirab al-Kurdi, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Jamil Ramadan P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2732/23, RMM.

Journal de lʾAgence dʾOrient, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Joseph Jakip Ail O.: merchant P.S.: granted L.:FRF.:TWS.:RMM.

Journal de Matin, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Kamil O.: civil servant P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2626/80, RMM. Appears in RMM as “Metin”.

Journal de Salonique, 1895 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Thessaloniki. L.:FRS.:OK21(37). Appeared until 1912.

Journal de Smyrne, 1832 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Izmir. Genre: expat L.:FRS.:OK21(37). Appeared until 1842.

Journal de Soir, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Kamil O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2626/80, RMM. Appears in RMM as “Suvar”.

Juhayna/Jahina, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: ʿAbd al-Basit Fakhuri/Abdülbasit Fahuri P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2734/7, RMM.

Justice, 5/1909 (Permit application). A.: Davud O.: law P.S.: unknown L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.2816/25.

Kadıköy, 3/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Nebil Ziya P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2771/30.

Kadın, 10/1908 (Publication) in Thessaloniki. A.: Mustafa P.S.: granted Genre: women L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM.

Kadın, 8/1911 (Publication). Audience: women L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kadınlar Alemi, 6/1914 (Publication). Genre: illustrated Audience: women L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kadınlar Dunyası, 4/1913 (Publication). Audience: women L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kadınlar Saltanatı, 1920 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kadınlık, 3/1914 (Publication). Audience: women L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kafkasya, 4/1909 (Permit application) in Adana. A.: Oskanof Beyzade Avni Mirza P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2793/94, DH.MKT.2870/50.

Kafkasya Mazlumları Gazetesi, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Levhzade Mehmet P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

Kahkaha, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Hilmi O.: press P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1281/76, ZB.24/79.

Kahkaha, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Nesip O.: civil servant P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2616/94, RMM.

Kahkaha, 3/1875 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kahkaha, 4/1922 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Kaina, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Damascus. A.: Hacı Edip Nazmi O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: W S.:RMM.

Kainat, 9/1909 (Publication) in Drama. A.: Nazif O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TR, GRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.2708/38, DH.MKT.2663/1, HTU, RMM. published in Thesalloniki according to RMM, but BOA and HTU confirm Drama.

Kale-i Sultaniye, 4/1909 (Permit result). A.: Giritli Selaattin Bey P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2795/7.

Kalem, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Salah Cimcoz O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TR, FRF.: W S.:ZB.24/29, HTU, RMM.

Kalender, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Abdurrahman O.: printing P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1294/30, DH.MKT.2638/100.

Kalender, 2/1909 (Permit application). A.: Şevki Efendi O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2746/100, DH.KMT2780/94.

Kalenderi/Kalender, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Miralayzade Hıfzı P.S.: granted L.:TR, GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2651/44, RMM.

Kalima al-Haqq, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: George Harfouch O.: government P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:RMM.

Kalinetsengui Anepidos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Markos Lifinadis P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM.

Kanar, 8/1908 (Permit result). A.: Kirkor v. Ohan P.S.: granted Genre: science, literature, politucal, illustrated L.:AMF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1282/41, ZB.24/84.

Kanat, 10/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kanun, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Ebubekir Sıtkı O.: law P.S.: granted S.:DH.MKT.1276/2, ZB.24/66.

Kanun, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Mustafa O.: civil servant P.S.: granted S.:DH.MKT.1277/53, ZB.24/39.

Kanun-ı Esasi, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Diran v. Nikogos Masisyan O.: librarian P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1294/45, RMM.

Kanun-ı Esasi, 1896 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kanun-ı Esasi, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Cemal O.: other P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1275/30.

Kapadokya, 9/1909 (Permit application). A.: [unknown] P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MUI5-1/34.

Kaplan, 10/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kapnos/Kanpos, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Mikhail Tokos/Mihail Tokosi P.S.: granted L.:GRF.:TMS.:DH.MKT.1288/80, RMM.

Kara Kuş, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mihran O.: librarian P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated, satirical L.:TRF.:TWS.:RMM.

Kara Sinan, 6/1875 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kara Sinan, 6/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Karaca, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Karaoğlu Azarian O.: printing P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Karagöz, 8/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Ali Fuat O.: press (owner Musavver Cihan) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated, satirical L.:TRF.:TWS.:HTU, RMM.

Karahisar, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Markar Markarian P.S.: granted Genre: political, commercial L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2731/14, RMM.

Kardeş, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Socrate Salomonidi O.: press (director Amalthia) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Kardeş, 10/1908 (Permit application). A.: Hafiz Said P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2626/52.

Kardeş Sesi, 2/1910 (Publication) in Istanbul. P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

Kardeşlik, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Ahmet Hamdi O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1288/77, RMM.

Kardeşlik, 9/1908 (Permit application). A.: Karabetoğlu Bedros P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2754/94?.

Karikatür, 2/1914 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Karikatür, 10/1909 (Publication (Approx.)). L.:TRF.: ? S.:HTU.

al-Karmal, 6/1909 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Hayfa. A.: [unknown] P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2838/75, Tauber.

Karnaval, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:HTU.

Karon, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Honak Palakchian O.: education P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, illustrated L.:AMF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1274/53, RMM.

Kartal, 8/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Abdülcelil P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TR, FRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2875/2, HTU.

Kashf al-Hijab, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Damascus. A.: Mouhammad Madani P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2651/22, ZB.328/48, DH.MKT.2897/56, RMM.

al-Kashshaf, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Tripolitania. A.: Muhammad Naib O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TR, AR, FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2679/89.

Kassa, 1874 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kastamonu, 1872 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Kastamonu. Genre: official L.:TRS.:OK21(33).

Kathimerini, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: George Dinki/Verbegi O.: physician P.S.: granted Genre: political L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2682/52, RMM.

Kave/Guiave, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Rıfat Efendi O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2622/81, RMM.

Kavvas, 4/1909 (Permit result). A.: Mobris O.: medical P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2793/85.

Kawkab al-Barriya, 7/1909 (Permit application) in Mount Lebanon. A.: Yusuf Mansur al-Shidyaq O.: religious P.S.: unknown L.:AR, FRS.:DH.MKT.2887/82.

Kayseri, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Kayseri. A.: Muzaffer Efendi P.S.: unknown Genre: political, literary, scientific L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2682/7.

Kehkeşan, 7/1909 (Publication) in Trabzon. L.:TRF.:TMS.:HTU.

Kelebek, 7/1923 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kelime-i Tayyibe, 4/1912 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kelimet ül-Hak, 7/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Corci Harfos O.: other P.S.: unknown L.:TR, AR, FRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1273/82.

Kemal, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Kethudazade Abdurrahmn O.: other P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2695/18, RMM.

Kemalat, 1/1914 (Publication). Genre: illustrated Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kemba, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Andriko Dimitri P.S.: granted F.: W S.:RMM.

Keri, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Proderumos Havopuldi/Prodronos Havlopoulidi O.: press P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2630/10, RMM.

Keroloniçi/Kradlanos, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Bursa. A.: Theodore v. Panagiot/Penayot P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2624/64, RMM.

Ketigos, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Kosti Terzupalu P.S.: granted L.:GR, FRS.:DH.MKT.2754/15.

Ketroun, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Papas Servie Terchabouh P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: D S.:RMM.

Kevkeb-i Kemalat, 10/1908 (Permit application). A.: Mehmet Emin P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2629/66.

Kevkeb-i Osmani, 4/1889 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kevkeb ül-Ulum, 1889 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Khatib, 7/1909 (Permit result) in Aleppo. A.: Said Ibrahim al-Muaddin P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2886/33, DH.MKT.2792/11.

Khatt bi al-Kharj, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Syria. A.: Abdo Kabvat P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2828/14.

Khirenik, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ohannes Şahnazar P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: D S.:RMM.

Khronos, 7/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Alexander Iskenderidi P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1274/12, RMM. Also mentioned in BOA as “Harvenos”.

Kibar, 12/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kira Elabo, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Aristovoulos O.:printing P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM.

Kiraki, 5/1909 (Permit application). A.: Pervanet Odyan P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2805/98.

Kırım Mecmuası, 3/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kirkos/Kirkas, 1/1909 (Permit application) in Kavala. A.: Yani v. Dimitri Hacı Yani P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2705/90, RMM. In Istanbul according to BOA.

al-Kitab, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aleppo. A.: Emirizade Baha & Cabirizade ʿAbd al-Hamid P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2643/31, RMM.

Kırbaç, 2/1909 (Permit application). A.: Yovanaki P.S.: unknown L.:TR, FRS.:DH.MKT.2730/69.

Kızılırmak, 10/1913 (Publication) in Sivas. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Klio, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: George Lazaridi O.: librarian P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM.

Kniphos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Kasti Trezopalo P.S.: granted L.:GR, FRF.:TWS.:RMM.

Kocaeli, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Izmit. A.: Garakin Aramyan P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2688/89.

Kohak, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Pavloli Hemayak Aramian P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2735/80, RMM.

Kokorikos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Khembaildi O.: press (owner Anatoli) P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM.

Konopi, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Dimitri Yorgui O.: merchant P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM.

Konya, 1869 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Konya. Genre: official L.:TR, GRS.:OK21(33).

Kopanos, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: George Anastiadi O.: press (editor Imersia) P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.1288/22, RMM.

Köroğlu, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Kastamonu. A.: Fazlızade Mehmet Besim P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

Kortcha/Kurca, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Bitola. A.: Sami O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TR, ABF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2675/40, RMM.

Kos/Novs, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Ghastokouli Ektena (Goşoflu) O.: law P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2705/109, RMM.

Kosmos, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: George/Yorgi Karaca P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.1277/47.

Kosova, 1877 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Skopje. Genre: official L.:TR, SEKS.:OK21(33).

Kouil Dari/Favil Davi, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Mihran v. Avadis İdareciyan P.S.: granted L.:TR, AM, GR, FRF.: D S.:ZB.328/140, RMM.

Köy, 4/1926 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Köy hocasi, 8/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Köylü, 4/1911 (Publication) in Izmir. A.: Sıtkı O.: press (owner İttihat) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:AM, TR, GR, HEF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1276/19, HTU, RMM.

Köylü Sözü, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Samih Fethi O.: press P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1286/49.

(Musavver) Küçük Gazete, 7/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Küçük İlanat, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mahmut Nedim P.S.: granted S.:RMM.

Küçük Mecmua, 6/1922 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Küçük Mektepli, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hüseyin Sabri O.: press (director Musavver Muhit) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

(Musavver) Küçük Osmanlı, 12/1909 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

Kudüs, 1903 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Jerusalem. Genre: official L.:TR, ARS.:OK21(33).

Kukuruk, 8/1908 (Publication) in Izmir. A.: Kadızade Hasan Rıfat Genre: illustrated, satirical L.:TR, FRF.: D S.:HTU, RMM.

Kürdistan, 11/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Bedrihanzade Ahmet Süreyya P.S.: granted L.:TR, KUF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2651/48, RMM.

Kürsi-i Milel, 4/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Kürt, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Sülaymaniyeli Tevfik O.: press (owner Resimli Kitap) P.S.: granted L.:TR, KUF.: W S.:RMM.

Kürt Teavün ve Terakki Gazetesi, 11/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Reşit Efendi O.: other P.S.: granted L.:TR, KUF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2640/75, HTU.

Kurtuluş Yolu, 4/1926 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Labos Dilbavla/Labousiril Bovlovo, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Joseph Komako O.: education P.S.: granted L.:LAF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2623/56, RMM.

al-Ladhikya, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: Mohammad Said P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2632/63, RMM.

Lagoar Tode Colares/Laguartama Filores, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Yanko Enkarenti/Yakova Nakrati O.: press (owner Nova Lista) P.S.: granted L.:LAF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2678/58, RMM.

Laiki, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: George Dirki/Verbegi O.: physician P.S.: granted Genre: scientific L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2682/52, RMM.

Lak Lak, 7/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU. First appeared in Cairo.

Lala, 12/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Laos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Alexandre Pantasi P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

al-Lataif, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Shahin Makarios P.S.: granted L.:ARF.:TMS.:DH.MKT.2677/45, RMM.

Latife, 8/1874 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Lazistan, 1/1909 (Permit application). A.: Mehmet Vehbi O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2700/25, RMM.

Lebberia/Liberya, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Doktor Şaban O.:military P.S.: granted L.:ABF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1290/35, RMM.

la Lectura/Lektora [?], 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Victor v. Joseph P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:JESF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1284/80, RMM. Applicant was an Italian citizen.

Lemʾa, 11/1913 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

la Lenfaay, 2/1909 (Permit application). A.: Boşa P.S.: unknown L.:HE, TR or TRHESS.:DH.MKT.2735/36.

Lephtria, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Yorgaki v. Apostol Bourinasi P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1290/68, RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

les Débats, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Pantalaki Kosmidi O.: press (owner Müşavir and Fünun) P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: D S.:RMM.

Letaif-i Asar, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Selaattin O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1276/6, ZB.24/70.

Letaif-i Asar, 5/1875 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Levant Herald, 1856 (Publication (Secondary source)). Genre: expat L.:EN, FRS.:OK21(37). Appeared until 1914.

Levant Times and Shipping Gazette, 1868 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Istanbul. Genre: expat L.:EN, FRS.:OK21(37). Appeared until 1874. Later became Stamboul and completely FR. After 1923 it became Istanbul and closed in 1964.

Leyla ile Mecnun, 7/1909 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: Serdarzade Mehmet Ziyaüddin P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2872/35.

Liberal, 3/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Manof Sityan O.: education P.S.: unknown L.:FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2779/80.

la Libertad, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Jerusalem. A.: Moshe Avram Azrael P.S.: granted L.:JES, HE, FRS.:DH.MKT.2697/80, RMM.

la Liberté, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Pierre Chayan, Batris Teban P.S.: granted L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.2661/1, DH.MKT.1297/57, RMM. Because the original applicant was rejected due to his age, his father obtained the permit in his place.

la Liberté, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Leyaho v. Santo Erdini/Liacho Valdesanto Vardini P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:FRF.: D S.:RMM.

Libre Turquie, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Bitola. A.: Mehmet Hasip O.: law P.S.: unknown L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.2681/38.

Likapoula, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Christaki v. Constantin Athansol O.: merchant P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:GRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1300/35, RMM.

Lim, 3/1909 (Permit application). A.: İbrahim Bahri Efendi O.: military P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2763/45.

Liman, 5/1927 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Lisan al-ʿArab, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: [unknown] P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2776/71.

Lisan al-ʿArab, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Salavi O.: other P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.1290/47.

Lisan al-Ittihad, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: Filkes Faris P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:RMM.

Lisan al-Sidq, 5/1909 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: Abdülcelil O.: education P.S.: granted L.:AR, TRS.:DH.MKT.2821/41.

Lisan al-ʿAmm, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: Mehmet Kemal Bektaş P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.1299/63.

Liva-ı Osmani, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Muktabis Raşit O.: merchant P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1278/60, RMM.

al-Liwa al-ʿUthmani, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Tripolitania. A.: ʿAbd al-Rahman al-Zaklaʾi O.: religious P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2752/26, RMM.

Liwa al-Hurriya, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Tevfik O.: press (director Sabah) P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:RMM.

Liwa al-Sharq, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: George Kodech O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: D S.:RMM.

Ljuboslowije, 1842 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Izmir. L.:BUS.:OK21(42).

Lloyd Ottoman, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ernst-Moritz Grünwald P.S.: granted L.:FRS.:RMM.

Lübnan, 1867 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Mount Lebanon. Genre: official L.:AR, FRS.:OK21(32).

Lumina, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Bitola. A.: Constantin Cosmicu O.: education P.S.: granted L.:ROF.: M S.:RMM.

la Luz, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Benjamin Raphael v. Rabbi Joseph P.S.: granted L.:JES, HEF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2732/33, RMM.

Maarif, 12/1895 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Maarif-i Umumi Mecmuası, 12/1923 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Maarif Vekaleti Mecmuası, 3/1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Maç, 2/1926 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mahasin, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Muammer Asaf P.S.: granted Genre: women, illustrated Audience: women L.:TRF.:TMS.:DH.MKT.1277/44, HTU, RMM.

(Musavver) Mahasin, 4/1915 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mahfil, 7/1920 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mahşer, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Said P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2738/61, RMM.

Majallat al-Waraq, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Aleppo. A.: Belitzade Nikolaki P.S.: granted L.:ARF.:TMS.:DH.MKT.2730/28, DH.MKT.2789/9, RMM.

Makedonya, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: İsteryo Polikaritos O.:press P.S.: unknown Genre: political, scientific, literary L.:TR, GR, FRS.:DH.MKT.2682/19.

Makedonya, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Nicolas Naoumoff (Echtebli?) P.S.: granted L.:BUF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2624/90, RMM.

Makes-i Efkar-ı Askeriye, 9/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

Makes-i Fünun, 10/1908 (Permit result). A.: Mahmut Suphi Vamik O.: medical P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2621/80.

Makina, 12/1908 (Permit result). A.: Mehmet Sırrı O.: military P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:ZB.329/59.

Maliye, 1/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Sefik O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2709/61.

Malum, 12/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Malumat, 6/1897 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Malumat, 6/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

(Musavver) Malumat, 2/1914 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Malumat-ı Mütenevviya, 1893 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mameretülaziz, 1883 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Mameretülaziz. Genre: official L.:TRS.:OK21(33).

Mamul, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Abraham Ivazian/Ayvazyan O.: merchant P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary, national L.:AMF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1283/44, ZB.24/98, RMM. Published in AR according to .

Manar al-ʿAdl, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Unsizade/Eneszadi Muhammad Salim O.: press (owned Rawda al-Marif) P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2734/63, RMM.

Manastır, 1884 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Bitola. Genre: official L.:TRS.:OK21(33).

al-Manhal, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Muhy al-Din Khayyat P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2714/51, RMM.

Manisa/Magnezya, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Manisa. A.: Şeyh Mehmet Emin P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2706/100, RMM.

Manisa Yeni Yurt, 2/1926 (Publication) in Manisa. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Manzara, 3/1887 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Manzume-i Efkar, 1866 (Publication (Secondary source)). A.: Ohannes Ferid O.: press L.:TRAMSS.:OK21(41). Appeared until 1896.

Marifet, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Ahmet Tevfik O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2623/96, RMM. Turkish with both Arabic and Latin script.

Marifet, 2/1909 (Permit application). A.: Bediüzzaman Said-i Kürdi P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2730/76.

Marifet, 3/1898 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Marj, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Burj Hudayda. A.: Asad Rahhal, Daniel Arab P.S.: granted F.: W S.:RMM.

Mashhad al-ʿUthmani, 7/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: ʿAbd al-Rahman Izz al-Din & Muhammad Shahbal P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2682/4, DH.MKT.2878/81, DH.MKT.2629/62. (DH.MKT. 2878/81) Originally intended to be al-Ittihad al-`Uthmani. However, this name was already registered.

Masis, 1852 (Publication (Secondary source)). L.:AMS.:OK21(41).

Maşrek-i Hürriyet, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: İbrahim Ethem P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.:TWS.:RMM.

Maşrek-ı İrfan, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Konya. P.S.: denied L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2743/74.

Matbaacılık ve Kitapçılık, 12/1914 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Matin, 9/1908 (Permit result). A.: Esad Muhlis O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.1288/37, ZB.25/10.

Mawarid al-Hikma, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Damascus. A.: ʿAbd al-Qadir Bedran P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1280/18, RMM.

Mearic-i İrfan, 2/1909 (Permit application). A.: Seyyit Mehmet İsmet P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2736/60.

Mebde-i Feyz, 8/1909 (Permit result). A.: Faida Surzade Fehmi (Vanlı) P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2713/36, DH.MKT.2891/4.

Mebus, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: İbrahim Edhem & Mustafa Abdi O.: military P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2635/47, DH.MKT.2648/74, RMM.

Meclis-i Mebusan, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Sabuncuzade Levis & Corcizade Nimetullah O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1285/30, ZB.25/45, RMM.

Mecmua, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Cemil O.: military P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: M S.:RMM.

(Musavver) Mecmua, 3/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.: M S.:HTU.

Mecmua, 9/1908 (Permit application). A.: Hikmet Baban P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.1300/19.

Mecmua-ı Asar, 1883 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mecmua-ı Ebüzziya, 8/1880 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mecmua-ı Edebiyye ve Fenniye, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Yani Martoğlu P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1278/20.

Mecmua-ı Fünun, 1866 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mecmua-ı Fünun-ı Baytariye, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Ali O.: medical P.S.: granted Audience: professionals L.:TRF.:TMS.:HTU, RMM.

Mecmua-ı Fünun-ı Maliye, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Müzakere-i Fünun-i Maliye Cemiyeti P.S.: unknown Genre: economic, commercial L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2630/90.

Mecmua-ı Havadis, 1864 (Publication (Secondary source)). L.:TR, AMS.: Çavdar(89), Kabacalı Sansür(27). Date is an estimate, it was listed in Mecmua-i Fünun (issue 22), which itself was published in 1864.

Mecmua-ı İbretnüma, 1861 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU. Date is an estimate.

Mecmua-ı Kemal, 1901 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mecmua-ı Maarif, 6/1874 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mecmua-ı Muallim, 10/1887 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mecmua-ı Nevresdigan, 1882 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mecmua-ı Ruhi, 7/1921 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mecmua-ı Ulum, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Emin O.: education P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1280/41, RMM.

Med Cezir, 4/1909 (Permit application). A.: Süleyman Feyzi O.: law P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2783/70.

Meddah, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Enver O.: military P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

Meddah, 1874 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Medeniyet, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Hasan Tahsin O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1283/45, ZB.24/99. Found in HTU but different publisher and year.

el-Medrese, 1/1910 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Mustafa Sabri (Tokadi) O.: education P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.:TMS.:DH.MKT.1278/26, HTU. BOA application appears to be for this publication.

Medrese-i Fünun, 1883 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Medrese-i Hukuk, 1881 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Medrese İtikatları, 5/1913 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Medrese-i Osmaniye, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Necati O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1292/21, ZB.25/39, RMM.

Mekarim ül-Ahlak, 9/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Tevfik Genre: religious L.:TRS.:HTU, RMM.

Mektep-i Sanayi, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Aydin. A.: Çelebizade Mehmet Esat P.S.: granted Genre: scientific, literary, political L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2715/35, RMM.

Mektep Müzesi, 5/1913 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mektepli, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Kenan O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2721/67, RMM.

Mektepli, 5/1913 (Publication). Genre: illustrated Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mektup, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Esat O.: press (director Uhuvvet) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Meliklia, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Otonjian O.: military P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: W S.:RMM.

Mellah, 2/1909 (Permit application). A.: Hamid Naci P.S.: unknown Genre: commercial, industrial, political, scientific S.:DH.MKT.2749/88.

Memalik-i Mahruse, 1869 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Memur ve İşçi, 11/1908 (Permit result). A.: İstavri Futyadi P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2639/60, ZB.328/43.

Menba ül-İrfan, 1/1909 (Permit application). A.: Muhammad Nur al-Din O.: education P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2725/78.

Menderes, 5/1909 (Permit result) in Aydin. A.: Hasan O.: other P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2825/76.

Menekşe, 4/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Merakli Gazete, 9/1926 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Meram, 11/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Rıfat P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2630/71, HTU, RMM.

Merciyun [Merec], 12/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Daniel Zareb & Esad Rahel P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2896/71, DH.MKT.2677/36.

Mersum, 5/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Migirdic Ezgandan P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2821/19.

(Musavver) Meşahir-i Alem, 1882 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Meşale, 7/1928 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Meşarik Ramiveya, 12/1908 (Permit result). A.: Apostoloğlu Sava O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TR, GRF.: D S.:ZB.328/93.

Mesai, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Halil O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

Meşhet ül-Osmani, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Suphi O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.1300/59.

Meşhir (Musavver), 10/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Hilmi O.: government P.S.: granted Audience: youth L.:TRF.: D S.:HTU, RMM.

Meşhir-i Muamelat, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Hıfzı O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TR, FR, AM, GRS.:RMM.

Mesirret, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Rüştü O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1291/12, ZB.25/18, RMM.

Meslek, 12/1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Meşrutiyet, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: İsmail Hakkı O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Meşrutiyet-i İdare, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Bostancıoğlu Erakle O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2690/21, RMM. Published in İzmir according to RMM.

Meta Ikmisis, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Nikeforos, Dizandepos P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

Metin, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Akyiğitzade Musa P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM.

Metin, 8/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mevsim, 7/1908 (Permit application) in İstanbul. A.: Mehmet Rıfat O.: printing P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1272/81, RMM.

Meziyet, 9/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Ali O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:ZB.25/21, HTU, RMM. Application was D but published W.

Mezra-ı Maarif, 1882 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Midilin, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Midilli. A.: German Efendi P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2636/35.

Mihrap, 11/1923 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mihver ül-Ulum, 12/1912 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mikra Asia, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Dimitraki Thornayidi P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRGRSF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1280/54, ZB.24/54, DH.MKT.2661/32, RMM.

Mikyas-ı Şeriat, 10/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Hüseyin Remzi O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM.

Millet, 8/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: İbrahim Hilmi O.: librarian P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1273/10, HTU, RMM. Applied for W but published D.

Millet-i Osmaniye, 7/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Sadri O.: press (editor Tercüman-ı Hakikat) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1273/88, RMM. BOA mentions “Haydar”.

Milli Gaye, 2/1922 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Milli Mecmua, 11/1923 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Milli Mefkure, 3/1922 (Publication) in Adana. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Milli Talim ve Terbiye Mecmuası, 9/1916 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Milli Tetebbular Mecmuası, 3/1915 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Milli Yol, 1928 (Publication) in Berlin. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Milliyet, 2/1926 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mimos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Karabet Dunkian O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: D S.:RMM.

Minber, 11/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mini Mini, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Nakibzade Şehabeddin Şükrü P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1294/87, RMM.

Mirat, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Avram Naum O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, literary, social L.:TRF.:TMS.:DH.MKT.2691/89, ZB.329/79, RMM.

Mirat, 1862 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mirat-ı Alem, 8/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Tevfik P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRS.:HTU, RMM.

Mirat-ı Alem, 8/1908 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mirat-ı Hakikat, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hüsnü O.: education P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1275/32.

Mirat-ı Maarif, 1/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Mesut Remzi O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:ZB.328/148, HTU, RMM.

Mirat-ı Ulema, 9/1908 (Permit application). A.: Haydarizade İbrahim P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1293/47.

Mirkat, 1878 (Publication (Secondary source)). S.:SNGTG(54).

el-Mirşat, 2/1913 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Misbah, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Emin Vedat O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:HTU, RMM.

Misbah, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

Misbah, 8/1909 (Permit application). A.: Mehmet Habip P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2895/43.

Miylinos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Cezayir-i Bahr-i Sefid. A.:Theodoraki Dimitri Theodori P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM.

Miyotion, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Rokos Sakkayan O.: printing P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:AMF.: D S.:RMM.

Mizan, 7/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Murat O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM.

Mizan ül-Hukuk, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Bekir Behlül O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2618/82, HTU, RMM.

Mızrak, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Abdullah Zühdi O.: press (owner of Yeni Gazete) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Moniteur, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Nicolas Mayaridi P.S.: granted L.:FR, ENS.:RMM.

al-Muʿazzam al-Suri/al-Muktam al-Suri, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Shahin Makarios P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2677/45, RMM. According to BOA “al-Muktam al-Suri”.

Muahede, 10/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Muakkis-i Efkar-ı Askeriye, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Şemsettin O.: military P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

Muallim, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Süreyya O.: religious P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1289/90, ZB.25/30, HTU, RMM.

Muallim, 10/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Muallim, 7/1916 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Muallimler Birligi, 3/1924 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Muallimler Birligi, 7/1925 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Muallimler Mecmuası, 9/1922 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Muarrid, 5/1909 (Permit result). A.: Muhammad Misbah al-Hud P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2825/1.

Muazzip, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Munir Süreyya P.S.: granted F.: W S.:DH.MKT.1299/67, RMM.

Mubahasat, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Sayim O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: M S.:RMM.

Mubahis, 5/1924 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Mubahith, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: Georgi Peni P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.:TWS.:RMM.

Müceddid/Teceddüt, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: İsmail Hakkı (Milaslı) O.: medical P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, literary L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2685/23, ZB.329/31, RMM. Appears to use some sort of invented script.

Müdafaa-ı Hukuk-ı Vatan, 12/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Şükrü P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2624/100, DH.MKT.2666/50, HTU, RMM.

Müdafaa, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Bursa. A.: İsmail Hakkı O.: other P.S.:granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2678/59, ZB.328/116, DH.MKT.2678/59.

Müddei-i Umumi, 5/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.:TWS.:HTU.

Müdhika, 12/1924 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Mufid, 1908/1909? (Publication (Secondary source)) in Beirut. A.: ʿAbd al-Rahman al-Aris P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:RMM, Tauber.

Muğlaʾda Akyol, 10/1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Muhabir, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Saki O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: political, commercial, cultural, international L.:DE, TRS.:DH.MKT.1282/58, DH.MKT.24/87. Two separate publications according to BOA.

Muhacir, 1/1910 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.:TWS.:HTU.

Muhaderat, 1883 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Muhamat, 7/1911 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Muharrir, 1876 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Muhbir, 1867 (Publication (Secondary source)). L.:TRS.:OK21(49).

(Musavver) Muhbir, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Hüseyin Baki O.: militry P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1284/81, HTU, RMM.

Mühendis Mektebi Mecmuası, 6/1926 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Muhibban, 9/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Muhtar O.: civil servant P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: M S.:DH.MKT.2764/59, HTU.

Muhip, 1867 (Publication (Secondary source)). L.:TRS.:SNGTG(45).

Muhit, 1908 (Publication). A.: Hüseyin Hayrettin P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary, scientific L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1280/39, ZB.24/49, HTU, RMM. Muhit in HTU appears to be the one in this application, based on dates.

Muhit, 1889 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Muhit, 11/1928 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

(Musavver) Muhit, 11/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Hüseyin Sabri O.: civil servant P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2642/13, HTU, RMM. Applicant bought “Muhit” and renamed it “Musavver Muhit”.

Muhit-i Mesai, 1/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Müjde, 1/1909 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Bedri O.: publisher P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2694/35, ZB.329/53, HTU, RMM.

Mukallit ile Münakkat, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hüseyin Hayreddin P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1286/51.

Muktebis, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: İsmail Hakkı P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1275/83, RMM.

Muktebis, 12/1899 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Muktetifat, 4/1909 (Permit application). A.: Basra vilayeti muhasebe ketebesi P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2783/70.

Mülahakat/Mülhakat, 11/1908 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Ömer Beyzade Ahmet Refik P.S.: granted Genre: political, commercial, agricultural L.:TR, GRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.2650/68, RMM.

Mülkiye, 2/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Ali Reşat P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: M S.:HTU, RMM.

Münebbih, 11/1881 (Publication) in Paris. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Münekkid, 11/1908 (Permit result). A.: Abdülkerim Nadiri O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2645/2.

al-Muqaddama, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Ahmad Libabidi/Tebabidi P.S.: granted L.:AR, TRF.: M S.:DH.MKT.2629/51, RMM. Published D according to BOA.

al-Muqayyad, 9/1908 (Permit result). A.: ʿAbd al-Rahman al-Aris P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1288/87.

al-Muqtabas, 1908/1909? (Publication (Secondary source)) in Damascus. A.: Muhammad Ali Kurd P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:RMM, Tauber. Muhammad Ali Kurd claims in his memoire that this was the first daily in Damascus (p. 74).

al-Muraqib, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Şahin Atiyye P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2702/38.

al-Muraqib, 1908/1909? (Publication (Secondary source)) in Beirut. P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2636/25, Tauber.

Mürşid Arsoryon, 7/1909 (Permit result) in Harput. A.: Ashar Yosef P.S.: granted S.:DH.MKT.2865/44.

Müsavat, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Pantalaki Kosmidi P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1274/59.

Müşaver, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Pantalaki Kosmidi O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

al-Musawa, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: İlyas Nakkaş P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2616/93.

al-Musawa, 7/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mohammad al-Mahzumi O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1274/6, RMM.

Musikdar/Musekar, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Rauf Yekta P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TR, FRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1288/33, ZB.25/9, RMM.

Musiki, 8/1908 (Permit result) in İstanbul. A.: Ali Rıfat O.: civil servant P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.:TMS.:DH.MKT.1277/46, RMM.

Müslüman Gazetesi, 11/1908 (Permit result). A.: Ertuğrul Şakir O.: other P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2637/28, ZB.328/88.

Mustakil, 5/1909 (Permit application). A.: Mehmet Nureddin (Sultani mezunu) P.S.: unknown Genre: political, literary F.: D S.:DH.MKT.2800/86.

Musul, 1884 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Mosul. Genre: official L.:TRS.:OK21(33).

Mutakassed/Muktasid-i Osmani, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Galip Ata O.: medical P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2636/39, RMM.

Mütalaa, 3/1911 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mütalaa, 7/1896 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Mütalaa-ı Salon, 1898 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Müteferrika, 1874 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Muvaffakiyet-i Milliye, 7/1923 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Muzaffer, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Ali Muzaffer O.: publisher P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1283/43, ZB.24/94, HTU, RMM.

Nabi, 5/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

la Nacion, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Yoda Salomon Aseev/Asco P.S.: granted L.:FR, JES, HEF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2636/82, RMM.

al-Nafais, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Anis ʿAbd al-Khuri O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2652/3, RMM.

al-Nafir, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Aleppo. A.: Halebi Rizkallah Khawam P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1292/63, RMM.

al-Nafir al-ʿUthmani, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Hayfa. A.: İlya Zega P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2891/71.

Nahl-ı Emel, 5/1886 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Nahla, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Sabuncuzade Levis & Corcizade Nimetullah O.: law P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.1285/30, ZB.25/45, RMM.

al-Nahla, 1877 (Publication). L.:ARS.:HTU.

al-Naja, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Jerusalem. A.: Ahmad al-Rimadi/al-Rayawi P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2659/85, RMM.

al-Naja, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: ʿAbd al-Wahhab O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2659/98.

al-Naja, 5/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Esad Halil al-Huri P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2820/67.

al-Naja, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: Sufizade Mehmet Nuri P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: W S.:RMM.

Napradak, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Skopje. A.: Giorgiadja/Kürkyace P.S.: granted L.:ABS.:DH.MKT.1276/25, RMM. Published in BU according to RMM.

Napred, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Bitola. A.: Theodore v. Stefanoff P.S.: granted L.:BUF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1285/1, RMM.

al-Naqidi al-Suwari, 7/1909 (Permit result) in Damascus. A.: Edebizade Edip P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2877/81.

Nasih, 9/1923 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Nasihat, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Keçekzade Sacit O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

al-Nasir, 6/1909 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Beirut. A.: Salim Yaqub al-Riyasi P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2637/63, DH.MKT.2840/23, Tauber.

Nasrettin Hoca, 1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Ali Fuat P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated, satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM.

Nasrettin Hoca, 10/1914 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Nasrettin Hoca, 1/1927 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Natija, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Ahmad Libabidi/Tebabidi P.S.: granted L.:AR, TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2740/1, DH.MKT.2629/51, RMM. Published D according to BOA.

Nazar, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Hilmi O.: press P.S.: unknown Genre: political, literary, scientific F.: W S.:DH.MKT.2691/82. Applicant cannot obtain permit from Istanbul, as he is not officially a resident of the capital.

Nea Alithia, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Athanase Constantin P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM.

Neavli, 11/1908 (Permit application) in Izmit. A.: Aristidi Harokopo/Harotobo P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2668/42.

(Musavver) Necat-ı Millet, 10/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Asadour Matosian O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TR, AMF.: W S.:HTU, RMM.

Necm-i Ati, 1/1928 (Publication) in Trabzon. Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Necm-i İstikbal, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Hamdi P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2735/66.

Necm-i Şarki, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mazhar O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2640/88.

Necm-i Terakki, 8/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Hüseyin Hıfzı O.: education P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM.

Neden? Niçin?, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Haskia Franco P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated, satirical L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2694/61, RMM.

Nedim, 1/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Nekregu ile Pişekar, 5/1909 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Mithat Rebii P.S.: granted Genre: satirical, illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM.

Neolog Roka, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Jean Phelipos P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

Neologos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Aristodinos Kaloneos P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM.

Neologos, 1863 (Publication (Secondary source)). L.:GRS.:OK21(40).

Neon Syntagma, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Aydın. A.: Kostaki/Nikostaki O.: press (editor Nea Symrni) P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2627/98, RMM.

Neos Astir Tou Pontu, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: Graman Ikopolos Theodore/Grama Dikopolos P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2705/82, RMM, Odabaşıoğlu(12).

Neretva, 1876 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Hersegovina. Genre: official L.:TR, SEKS.:OK21(33).

Neşter, 4/1909 (Publication) in Izmir. Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

Netice, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: İsmail Hakkı (Karinabadi) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.2721/17, RMM.

die Neue Turkei, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Rudolf Lefle/Lefler O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:DEF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1281/78, ZB.24/91, DH.MKT.1282/46, RMM. Applicant was a German citizen.

Neva (Yahut Seda-ı Ermeniyan), 5/1910 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Nevruz, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Kirkor Zehrab O.: law P.S.: granted L.:AMS.:ZB.24/28.

Nevruz, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Sarkis Orelian/Orbalyan O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1283/34, RMM.

Nevruz, 3/1884 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Nevsal, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Hafız Mehmet Bahaüddin P.S.: unknown F.: W S.:DH.MKT.1287/31.

Nevsal-ı Afiyet, 1899 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Nevsal-ı Asır, 1896 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Nevsal-ı Askeri, 1897 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Nevsal-ı Baytari, 1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Nevsal-ı Malumat, 1899 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Nevsal-ı Osmani, 1890 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Nevsal-ı Ragib, 1908 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Nevzad-ı İrfan, 3/1909 (Permit application). A.: Hacı Ahmet Hamdi O.: religious P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2772/100.

Nevzad-ı Vatan, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Saad/Siat O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1275/41, RMM.

Nihal, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Ömer Lütfü O.: government P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1280/47, ZB.24/52, RMM.

Nilüfer, 1886 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Nizam, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Kamil O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Nokta, 3/1888 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Nomiki Epnoririsis, 2/1909 (Permit application). A.: Mihalaki Toitako P.S.: unknown Genre: legal L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2736/24.

Norton, 5/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Hakkak Hurumatikyan P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2821/71.

Nou Resouk/Hosank - Ceyran-ı Cedit, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Karaguine Kozikian P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary, social, economic L.:TR, AMF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2691/63, ZB.329/62, RMM.

la Nouvelle Patrie, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Lazaros istemalyadi/Lazare Stemiathadi/Stemathiados O.: law, printing P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, literary L.:FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2692/77, RMM.

Nova Epokha, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Pantcho O.: government P.S.: granted L.:BUF.:TWS.:RMM.

Novojpovod, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Anastase Navmoff P.S.: granted L.:BUF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1274/47, ZB.24/24, RMM. Also mentioned in BOA as “Nov Ciyuved”.

Nuevo Avenir/Zavavenir, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: David-Isaac Florenti(n) P.S.: granted Genre:political, commercial, literary L.:JES, HES.:DH.MKT.2684/93, RMM.

Nümune-i Terakki, 4/1887 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Nur, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Ghastokouli Ektena (Goşoflu) O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2705/109, RMM.

Nur al-Hurriyya, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: [unknown] O.: press P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2639/59.

Nüzhet ül-Efkar, 8/1909 (Permit application). A.: Mehmet Habip P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2895/43.

O Demas Patriki/Odemas Patriki, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Aydin. A.: Georges Dirki/Verbegi O.: medical P.S.: granted Genre: scientific L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2682/52, RMM.

O Epikros, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Georges Manomo P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

O Levanti Mirmir, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Nicolas Heraclidis O.: press P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2669/48, RMM.

O Logos, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Leonidas Stelianopoulo/Estelyanapolo O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2705/98, DH.MKT.2618/81, RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen. In Aydin according to RMM.

Ocak, 5/1918 (Publication) in Konya. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Öjer, 3/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Şehrikyan Harditon P.S.: unknown L.:AMS.:DH.MKT.2768/95.

Omihanikos, 12/1908 (Permit application). A.: Apostolos Kokuzopulo P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2688/89.

Omonya, 11/1908 (Permit result). A.: Abdülbaki P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2652/55.

Onistova, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Tchernovieff P.S.: granted L.:BUF.: D S.:RMM.

Onyan, 8/1908 (Permit result). A.: Halil Salih Bey P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, illustrated L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.1280/45, ZB.24/53.

Ordu, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Edirne. A.: Kitapcı Mehmet O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2668/44, DH.MKT.2634/80, RMM. Applicant was a Persian citizen.

Ordu Neşideleri, 8/1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ordu ve Donanma, 7/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: İbrahim Hilmi O.: librarian P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1273/29, HTU, RMM. Published much later, in March 1912.

Oriental, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: David-Isaac Florenti(n) P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1282/14, RMM.

Orizon, 1/1909 (Permit application). A.: Simbat Davityan P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2725/33.

Osmanischer Lloyd, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ernst-Moritz Grünwald P.S.: granted L.:DES.:RMM.

Osmanlı, 7/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: İsmail Hakkı O.: press P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1273/22.

Osmanlı, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Mehmet Kemal O.: merchant P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1281/47, RMM.

Osmanlı, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Konya. A.: Cemal P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1295/76.

Osmanlı, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Giovani O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1281/57, RMM.

Osmanlı, 3/1909 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Osmanlı, 8/1877 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Osmanlı, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Salih Fazlı b. Ahmet P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

Osmanlı Askeri, 3/1909 (Publication) in Edirne. A.: İbrahim Zühdü/Zihni O.: military P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.2652/31, HTU, RMM.

Osmanlı İtalyan Terakki Gazetesi, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Zocaro P.S.: granted L.:ITF.: W S.:RMM. Applicant was an Italian citizen.

Osmanlı Kadınları, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ağacan Fikri O.: other P.S.: unknown Genre: political, literary, scientific L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2731/23.

Osmanlı Mühendis ve Mimar Cemiyeti Mecmuası, 11/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.: M S.:HTU.

Osmanlı Postası, 1/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: İzzettin Reşat O.: civil servant P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2709/37, RMM.

Osmanlı Siyaseti, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hasan P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2733/21.

Osmanlı Ticaret Gazetesi, 7/1908 (Permit application). A.: Mahmut Nedim O.: law P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1273/83.

Osmanlı Ziraat Cemiyeti Mecmuası, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Reşit P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: M S.:RMM.

Osmanlı Ziraat ve Ticaret, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Salih Zeki O.: press P.S.: granted L.:GRF.:TWS.:RMM.

Otetchestod/Otacetuv, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Eftim Ispero Setranof/Sprostranoff (Ohrili) P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2705/99, RMM. Published in BU according to RMM.

Ottomaniki Enekaraisia, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Ağazade Behçet Bey P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:ZB.24/48, RMM.

Oyi, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Aristidi Harokopo/Harotobo P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2619/24.

Özdilek, 7/1923 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

Pakradouni, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Agop v. Baghos Paradouni O.: education P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:AMF.: D S.:RMM.

Pala Pipa, 11/1908 (Permit application). A.: Yani Milanidi P.S.: unknown Genre: satirical L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2643/73.

Panorama, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Constantin Marco Polo P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1279/20, ZB.24/38, RMM.

Panyaki/Pankiaki, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Andrea Maltiyadi Polemidi O.: law P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2832/49, DH.MKT.2812/33, DH.MKT.1298/18.

Papa Galos, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Eksenefon Seryadis P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.1282/53.

(Musavver) Papağan, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Karabet Kechichian O.: printing P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1283/30, HTU, RMM. Used color.

Parasız Dellal - İkramiyeli gazete, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Yusuf P.S.: granted Genre: commercial, industrial L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2691/60, ZB.329/60, RMM.

Paros, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Jerusalem. A.: Chelmo b. Raphael Cherizi P.S.: granted L.:HE, DEF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2697/80, RMM.

Parouhi/Paros, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Izmit. A.: Grigor Seraydarian, Mayvan P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2646/10, DH.MKT.2729/86, RMM.

Pars, 4/1921 (Publication). L.:FAS.:HTU.

Pasdapen, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Aristaki Kasparian O.: law P.S.: unknown L.:AMS.:DH.MKT.1276/42, DH.MKT.2616/25.

Pasimogirigis/Pastinos Kirikes, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Jerusalem. A.: Philipontazi/Atnos Teofilos O.: religious P.S.: granted L.:AR, GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2654/97, RMM.

Patria, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Aroini P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:LAF.: D S.:RMM.

la Patrie, 8/1908 (Permit result) in İstanbul. A.: Agop Minas O.: printing P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, literary, illustrated L.:FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1280/40, ZB.24/51, RMM.

Patris, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Keşişoğlu Odiyeff O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1274/57, RMM.

Patris Monastino, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Bitola. A.: Jean Pili O.: printing P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:GRF.:TWS.:RMM.

Payidar, 1887 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Pazar Günü Gazetesi, 6/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Diran Bergenyan P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2830/1.

Pedikos Filos, 4/1909 (Permit application). A.: Harlambos Yusufidis P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2791/1, DH.MKT.2792/83.

Pêle-Mêle, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Alexandre Payami P.S.: granted L.:GR, FRF.: W S.:RMM.

Pera, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Kamil O.: government P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: D S.:RMM.

Perde, 12/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Pertev-i Adalet, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Selim O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2662/100, ZB.328/57, RMM.

Pervin, 1/1910 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

Petit Journal, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Kamil O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:FRF.: D S.:RMM.

Peyam, 11/1913 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Peyman, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Diyarbekir. A.: Miri Katipzade Şükrü Efendi P.S.: granted S.:DH.MKT.2827/44.

le Phare du Bosphore, 1868 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Istanbul. L.:FRS.:OK21(37).

Pharos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Thomas Deyasta P.S.: granted L.:GRF.:TMS.:RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

Pharos tis Anatolis, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: Dimitraki Serasi P.S.: granted L.:GRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1283/10, RMM, Odabaşıoğlu(12).

Phasira, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Edirne. A.: Telemaque Kaso O.: merchant P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM.

Pheniki/Phthiki, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: Mouzenidi Dimitri v. Stephane P.S.: granted Genre: satirical, illustrated L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2689/49, RMM.

Philos Tou Laou, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Edirne. A.: Anastase Hiol P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM.

Phitne, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Chrysostomais Ağlarcıoğlu P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM.

Phoni, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Pantalaki Kosmidi O.: law P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM.

Phoni Laou, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Aydin. A.: Krianos Lazari P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2748/73, RMM.

Pinti, 8/1898 (Publication) in Cairo. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Piyano, 8/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU. Catalogued in HTU as “Düşünüyoruz”.

Pizarmos, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Pavlo Photiadi O.: press (editor Konstantinopolis) P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1293/56, RMM.

Pınar, 1/1924 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

ha-Poel ha-Tzair, 1/1909 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Jerusalem. A.: Hirsch b. Jehuda Kachenech P.S.: granted L.:HEF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2708/56, RMM, Campos, 2006.

Pogok, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Agop v. Krikor Karabetyan (Tokatlı) P.S.: unknown L.:TR, AMS.:DH.MKT.2730/80.

Polis, 8/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mazhar O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2889/37.

Polis, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Ahmet (Kıbrıslı) O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2777/33.

Polis, 8/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Politiki Andapokiris, 5/1909 (Permit application). A.: Kiros Ispiridi O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2798/21.

Politiki Ayite Opyalses, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: George/Yorgi Teohardi P.S.: unknown L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2692/75.

Politiki Proidos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Prodorornos Saropolos O.: press P.S.: granted L.:GR, TR, AM, FRF.: D S.:RMM.

Posta, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Alexiadi Somlidi O.: medical P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1295/11.

Posta, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: Alexiadi Somlidi O.: medical P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TR, GR, AMF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1295/11, RMM.

Potania/Patanaya, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Izmit. A.: Sarkissian/Serkizyan Simon P.S.: granted L.:AMF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.2742/75, RMM.

Pounik/Ponik, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Sempad Pourad/Simpad Yorad O.: press (editor Manzum-ı Efkar) P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary, scientific L.:AMF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2741/50, RMM.

Prado de la España, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Eliyahu Medehay Karişin P.S.: granted L.:FR, JES, HEF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2623/75, RMM.

Pravda, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Toma Karalopof/Karayof P.S.: unknown L.:BUS.:DH.MKT.2687/7.

Presse dʾOrient, 1849 (Publication (Secondary source)). Genre: expat L.:FRS.:OK21(37).

Prizren, 1871 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Prizren. Genre: official L.:TR, SEKS.:OK21(33).

Progrès, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Salvador/Salvatore Moratori/Maratori O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.2778/69. Applicant was an italian citizen.

Progrès de Salonique, 1900 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Thessaloniki. L.:FRS.:OK21(37).

Propondis, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Yanko Arsupolos P.S.: unknown L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1283/35.

Protesto, 2/1909 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Sefa O.: press (director al-ʿAdl) P.S.: granted L.:AR, TRF.: D S.:HTU, RMM.

Pul Mecmuası, 8/1897 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Püsküllü bela, 2/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Abdurrahman Sami P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1292/57, HTU, RMM. First issue mentions a different owner, i.e. Hüsnü.

al-Qanun, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Geylanzade/Gullanizadeh Seyfeddin/Sayf al-Din P.S.: granted Genre: religious, scientific, commercial,industrial L.:TR, FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2689/6, ZB.329/96, RMM. Two separate publications according to BOA.

al-Qistas, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mohammad Said P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, commerciaıl L.:TR, ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1274/38, RMM.

al-Quds, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Jerusalem. A.: Georges Djib Hananiah O.: printing P.S.: granted Genre: scientific, literary L.:ARF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1283/88, RMM.

Radd, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: Ali Zarif b. ʿAbd al-Hamid P.S.: granted S.:DH.MKT.2851/25.

al-Rafiq, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Damascus. A.: ʿAbdallah P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2772/119.

al-Raghaib, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: Şamlı Hikmey Şerif P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:RMM.

Raghon, 1908/1909 (Permit application). A.: Stani Anagphostidi P.S.: granted S.:RMM.

al-Raid al-ʿUthmani, 2/1909 (Permit application) in Mount Lebanon. A.: İbrahim Yusuf Ebu Hatır P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2727/97.

Ramazan, 9/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: İsmail Suphi P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: ? S.:DH.MKT.2911/49, HTU. Only appeared during Ramazan.

Ramazan, 3/1927 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Raqib, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Aleppo. A.: Musa Harun P.S.: granted L.:TR, AR, FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2676/46, RMM.

al-Raqib, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: Sinanzadeh ʿAbd al-Latif P.S.: granted L.:AR, TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2693/62, RMM.

al-Raqib, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: Georges Shahin ʾAtiya P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:RMM.

al-Rashad, 5/1909 (Permit result) in Hayfa. A.: Abdullah Muhlis P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2825/74.

Ravza-ı Nisvan, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Mehmet Emin O.: librarian P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1286/44.

Rawda, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: Hacı Abdülhüseyin P.S.: granted L.:AR, TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2773/36.

Rawda al-Sihha, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Damascus. A.: Salih O.: medical P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2699/23, RMM.

al-Rawi, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Tanyusmezi/Tanios Mitro ʿAbdallah P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2699/32, DH.MKT.2630/20, RMM.

al-Ray al-ʿAmm, 4/1909 (Permit result) in Mount Lebanon. A.: Yusuf Ebu Hatir P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2784/61.

Réclame/Reklama, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Nikolaki Vamvakidi P.S.: granted Genre: financial, commercial L.:GR, FRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.2684/52, RMM.

la Reforme, 1868 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Istanbul. L.:FRS.:OK21(37). Appeared until 1922.

Rehber, 5/1909 (Permit application). A.: Ahmet Sabri O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown F.: D S.:DH.MKT.2804/75.

Rehber-i Hukuk, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Menahem Khalkon, Hasan Akif O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1282/14, RMM. According to BOA, the applicant’s name was “Abdurrahman”.

Rehber-i İtidal, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Adana. A.: Ali Efendi O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.2632/79, RMM.

Rehber-i Konya, 6/1913 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Rehber-i Saadet, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Celal O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1277/34, HTU, RMM.

Rehber-i Ticaret, 1/1914 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Rehber-i Ticaret ve Sanayi, 7/1908 (Permit application). A.: İsmail Hakkı P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1274/3.

Rehber-i Vatan, 7/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Muhlis O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1273/27, RMM.

la Renaissance, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Panagiot Georgiades O.: law P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: D S.:RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

Renaissance, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Alfred O.: education P.S.: unknown L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.1278/59.

Resimli Dünya, 12/1924 (Publication). Genre: illustrated Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Resimli Dünya, 4/1925 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Resimli Gazete, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Karabet O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Resimli Gazete, 3/1891 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Resimli Gazete, 9/1923 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Resimli Hafta, 9/1924 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Resimli Hikaye, 9/1927 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Resimli İstanbul, 4/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mustafa Refik O.: other P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2795/75.

Resimli Kitap, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Tevfik (Süleymaniyeli) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: M S.:HTU, RMM.

Resimli Mecmua, 3/1925 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Resimli Mektep Alemi, 7/1913 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Resimli Roman Mecmuası, 3/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Hüseyin Sabri O.: press (director Musavver Muhit) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: M S.:HTU, RMM. Printed with a color cover.

Resimli Yıl, 1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Resimli Yurt, 9/1924 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

le Réveil, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Iskender Havzi/Huri O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2636/89, DH.MKT.1296/27, RMM.

le Réveil, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Mesrop Nobili/Mesrub Nabli P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2636/16, RMM.

Revista Ottomane, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Menahem Khalkon O.: law P.S.: granted L.:LAF.: W S.:RMM.

la Revue, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Maryo Kriker P.S.: granted L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.1289/83, ZB.25/27.

Revue Balkanique, 4/1909 (Permit application). A.: Toma Karalopof/Karayof P.S.: unknown Genre: political, literary L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.2796/36.

Revue dʾOrient, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Aydin. A.: Charles Davroti O.: printing P.S.: denied L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.2852/46. Applicant has bought the newspaper from the owner, but is too young to get a publishing permission.

Revue dʾOrient, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Raphael Amado O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:FR, HEF.:TMS.:RMM.

Revue dʾOrient, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Leonidi v. Demosthene Georgiadis O.: government P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1289/91, ZB.25/24, RMM.

Revue Ottomane, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Menahem Khalkon O.: law P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: W S.:RMM.

Rey-Ghartchik, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Vahram Dernersisyan O.: printing P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TR, AMF.: D S.:RMM.

Rhodop/Rodopi, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Edirne. A.: Yorghaki Theophilidi/Yorgaki Teofilidi O.: law P.S.: granted L.:GRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.2678/82, RMM.

Risale-i Askeriye, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: İsmail Efendi O.: military P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

Risale-i Hafi, 12/1887 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Risale-i Mevkute-i Bahriye, 12/1914 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Risale-i Osmaniye, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Menahem Khalkon O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TR, FR, JESF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1285/62, RMM.

al-Riyad, 8/1909 (Permit application) in Baghdad. A.: Carullah P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MUI1-1/47.

Riyaziyat, 1/1929 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Rodos, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Rhodes. A.: Strego Ephtimo/Estergova Fetiho P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2752/89, RMM.

Romanul de lʾEpir/Romanol de Lopiter, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Nicolas Psarpia/Besaria/Besarabya v. Constantin O.: education P.S.: granted L.:ROF.:TMS.:DH.MKT.2632/16, RMM.

Romep, 9/1908 (Permit result). A.: Aram Arandonyan O.: press P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:AMS.:DH.MKT.1289/85.

Romyos, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Nikolaki Dajnni P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1284/70, RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

Rubab, 2/1912 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Rucihan, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Ağazade Behçet Bey O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:ZB.24/65, DH.MKT.2621/89, RMM.

Ruj-i Kürt, 6/1913 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Rumeli, 3/1870 (Publication) in Bitola. Genre: official L.:TRS.:HTU, OK21(33).

Rumeli, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Hasan O.: other P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2690/80.

Ruşen, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Haci Süleyman (Bosnalı) P.S.: granted S.:DH.MKT.2691/8, ZB.329/68.

Saadet, 1/1885 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Sabah, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Tripoli. A.: Musa Mikhail Sarraf P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:RMM.

Sabah, 3/1876 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Sabah, 7/1909 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Sada al-Ittihad, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: Muhammad Said Tayyara/Tabbara P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2638/90, RMM.

Sadakat, 1875 (Publication (Secondary source)). S.:SNGTG(69).

Sadd-ı Lübnan, 7/1909 (Permit result) in Mount Lebanon. A.: Secan Arac P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2872/66.

Safa, 8/1888 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Safa al-Hijaz Makka, 11/1908 (Permit application) in Jeddah. A.: Ahmad Rafʾat al-Iskandarani O.: merchant P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2642/60, RMM.

Şafak, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Ali Beyzade Mehmet Galip O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: scientific L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2731/18.

Şafak, 8/1908 (Permit result). A.: Şekib O.: law P.S.: granted S.:DH.MKT.1276/10.

Şafak, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Yorgi Aykonomidi P.S.: unknown Genre: everything L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.1275/43.

Saha, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Saib O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Sahih, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Jerusalem. A.: Margret Palmer & willamson Frederick P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2756/59. Applicant was an English citizen.

(Musavver) Şahika, 12/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Sahmanatraghan, Yeni Ceride-i Meşrutiyet, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Pir Silisian O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, commercial, illustrated L.:TRAMSF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1280/13, RMM.

Sahne, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Asaf Muammer O.: press (owner Mahasin) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TMS.:RMM.

Saib, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: Mehmet Arif O.: civil servant P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary, scientific L.:TR, ARS.:DH.MKT.2852/55.

Saika, 2/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Naci P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:ZB.328/133, HTU, RMM.

Şakacı, 11/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Kamil (Tepedelenli) P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM.

Şaklaban, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Mehmet Kadri P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated, satirical L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Şakrak, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Hilmi O.: press (editor Tercüman-ı Hakikat) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

al-Saksa (?) al-Majaziyya, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Damascus. A.: Mawalawi Muhammad Arif al-Suhayl P.S.: unknown L.:AR, TRS.:DH.MKT.2626/79.

al-Salah, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Aleppo. A.: Salahzade Beşir P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1300/4, RMM.

Salinix, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Metelin. A.: Miltiade Nikolaidi O.:printing P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM.

Salon, 9/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

le Salon Ottoman [?], 3/1909 (Permit application). A.: Hasan O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.2764/45.

Sanaa, 1877 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Sana’a. Genre: official L.:TR, ARS.:OK21(33).

Sanayi-i Güzide, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Mustafa Asım O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1277/48, ZB.24/35, RMM.

Sanayi-i Nefise Mecmuası, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hasan Vasıf O.: merchant, press (owner of Sanayi) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:RMM.

Sanayi Rehberi, 10/1925 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Sancak, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Ahmet Reşid O.: other P.S.: unknown Genre: political, scientific, illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1282/57.

Sanihat, 4/1909 (Permit result) in Denizli. A.: Küçükagazade Mustafa Nail P.S.: denied S.:DH.MKT.2785/29. Applicant was too young.

Sanihat, 4/1909 (Permit result) in Denizli. A.: Şeyh Osmanzade Mehmet Gıyasi P.S.: granted S.:DH.MKT.2786/95.

Sanihat, 3/1909 (Permit application) in Manisa (Saruhan). A.: Mehmet Ali O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2779/57.

Şark, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Atıf Efendi O.: merchant P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1282/14, RMM.

Şark, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Trabzon. A.: Eyüpzade Osman O.: librarian P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: M S.:RMM.

Şark ve Kürdistan, 12/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.:TWS.:HTU.

Saruhan, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Atnas & Vasilaki P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:RMM.

Sasouna, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Grigor v. Vahan P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:AMF.: W S.:RMM.

Satana, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Demosthene Rhodokonaki P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2621/78, RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

Sathat, 10/1909 (Permit result) in Denizli. A.: Mehmet Kıyaki & Mustafa Naili P.S.: denied S.:DH.MKT. 2750/96. Applicant was too young.

Satira, 1/1909 (Permit result). A.: Khrelambo Kulburcu P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:GRF.: D S.:ZB.329/95, RMM.

Satiros, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Yani Vangel Zinopolo P.S.: unknown L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2621/78.

Satır, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Enver O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.1276/45.

Satvet, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hasan Basri P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Say, 10/1887 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Say-ü Emel, 12/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Sebat, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Yusuf Ali Turabi O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1289/80, ZB.25/20, RMM.

Sebat, 3/1886 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

(Musavver) Şebbab, 1/1910 (Publication) in Istanbul. Audience: youth L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

Sebilürreşad, 3/1909 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Tahir ül-Mevlevi Efendi P.S.: granted Genre: religious, scientific, literary L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2764/38, HTU.

Seda, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Victor v. Joseph P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TR, JESF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1284/80, RMM. Applicant was an Italian citizen.

Seda, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Hafız İsmaıl P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2692/56, RMM.

Seda-ı Babil, 7/1909 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: David Silva P.S.: granted L.:TR, AR, HES.:DH.MKT.2866/7.

Seda-ı Hak, 9/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Naib Sami P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific L.:TRF.: D/W S.:DH.MKT.1282/89, ZB.24/93, HTU, RMM.

Seda-ı Hürriyet, 4/1909 (Permit result) in Manisa. A.: Hasan Fehmi O.: printing, law P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2784/83.

Seda-ı Mazlum, 12/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: İhsan Adil O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D/W S.:HTU, RMM.

Seda-ı Millet, 11/1909 (Publication (Approx.)). L.:TRF.:TWS.:HTU.

Seda-ı Şark, 12/1908 (Permit application). A.: Hüseyin P.S.: unknown Genre: political, literary, scientific L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2681/99.

Seda-ı Şehba, 1/1909 (Publication (Approx.)) in Aleppo. A.: Hikmet Nazım P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary L.:TR, ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1287/4, HTU, RMM.

Seda ül-Hak, 8/1908 (Permit result). A.: Naib Sami P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific L.:ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1282/89, ZB.24/93.

Seda-ı Vicdan, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Halil Rüştü O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1285/24.

Seda/Sad üş-Şub, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Nasib George Tabara/Sabara O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:TR, AR, FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2658/55, RMM.

Sedat, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Kağıtçı Hasan Rıfat O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1278/56, RMM.

Şehbal, 3/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Hüseyin Saadettin O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.:TMS.:DH.MKT.1279/3, ZB.24/40, HTU, RMM.

Sekico, 11/1908 (Permit result). A.: Dimitriyadis P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:ZB.328/29.

Selamet-i Umumiye, 7/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ali Haydar O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1273/14, RMM.

Selamet-i Umumiye, 6/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Selanik, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Mahmut Nedim (Uçukdralı) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Selanik, 1869 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Thessaloniki. Genre: official L.:TR, GR, BU, HES.:OK21(33).

Selaniki, 2/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Melinadi Nikolayidi P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2636/35, DH.MKT.2716/4.

Semos/Simos, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Aydin. A.: Bostancıoğlu Erakle O.: law P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2690/21, RMM. Published in İzmir according to BOA.

Şems-i Adalet, 11/1908 (Permit application) in Madina. A.: Veli Fehmi O.: other P.S.: unknown L.:TR, ARS.:DH.MKT.2643/2.

Serbaz, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Kastamonu. A.: Hayrettin O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary, scientific, industrial, satirical L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2731/100, RMM.

Serbest Fikir, 8/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Serbest İzmir, 11/1908 (Publication) in Izmir. L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

Serbest Söz, 11/1908 (Permit application) in Adana. A.: Artin Arslanyan O.: education P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.1288/86.

Serbesti, 11/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Mevlanzade Rıfat P.S.: granted Genre: political L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2655/77, HTU, RMM.

Servet, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Nicolaidi O.: press (owner of Servet and Constantinopolis) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Servet, 6/1898 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Servet-i Fünun, 7/1908 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Set/Siyyit-i Hilafet, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Hamit O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, literary L.:FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2696/26, ZB.329/71, RMM. In FR according to BOA.

Sevimli Mecmua, 1/1925 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Şevka, 12/1908 (Permit result). A.: Mazhar (Mülkiye mezunu) P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:ZB.328/145.

(Musavver) Seyf ve Kalem, 10/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Refik O.: military P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated Audience: professionals L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU, RMM.

Seyhan, 1872 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Adana. Genre: official L.:TR, GRS.:OK21(33).

Seyyare, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: İbrahim Nazıf O.: printing P.S.: unknown F.: D S.:DH.MKT.1273/66.

al-Shaab, 7/1909 (Permit result) in Aleppo. A.: Fethullah Kaston P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2882/11.

Shab, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Selim Amon & Davud P.S.: granted S.:DH.MKT.2652/65.

al-Shahab al-Sadiq, 7/1909 (Permit result) in Tripoli. A.: Abdullah Müezzin P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2863/17.

al-Shams, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: Shaykh Mohammad Shahal P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:RMM.

Shams, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hasan O.: librarian P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TR, FAF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1281/38, HTU, RMM. Applicant was a Persian citizen.

Shams, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:FAF.: W S.:HTU.

Shams, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Konya. A.: Hacı Abbas (Yozgadi) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2708/6, DH.MKT.2740/94, RMM. Published W according to BOA.

Shams al-Haqaiq, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Menkarezade Mehmet Tevfik P.S.: granted L.:AR, TRF.: D S.:ZB.329/73,HTU0556, HTU, RMM.

Shams al-Haqaiq, 10/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Mecca. L.:ARF.: W S.:HTU.

Shams al-Haqiqa, 4/1909 (Publication (Approx.)) in Mecca. A.: Tevfik Efendi O.: merchant P.S.: granted L.:AR, TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2708/83, HTU, RMM.

al-Sharq, 6/1909 (Permit result). A.: Uzre Denkor O.: printing P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, literary, commercial L.:ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2839/46.

Sharqa, 8/1909 (Permit application) in Mosul. A.: Muhammad Rifʾa O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2903/86.

al-Shuʿba, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Aleppo. P.S.: granted L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2838/17.

Şiir ve Tefekkür, 9/1909 (Publication). L.:TRF.: W S.:HTU.

Şiirli Gazete, 8/1908 (Permit application) in İstanbul. A.: İbrahim Necati O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1281/41, RMM.

Şikayet, 11/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Artin Bogosyan P.S.: unknown F.: W S.:DH.MKT.2667/101.

al-Sikka al-Hijaziya, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Mecca. A.: Mohammad ʾArif al-Sahil P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: D S.:RMM.

Silah, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Kastamonu. A.: Dursunefendizade Mehmet Hilmi P.S.: denied Genre: military S.:DH.MKT.2744/46. Applicant was too young.

Silah, 7/1909 (Publication). L.:TRF.:TMS.:HTU.

Simea, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Aydin. A.: George Smyrioti P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2712/33, RMM.

Simea, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Aristekos Evramidi P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2622/14, RMM.

Sinamatograf, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Serkotovali P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2644/32.

Sinema Mihveri, 3/1926 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Siper-i Saika-ı Hürriyet, 2/1909 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Cevat O.: press (editor Şura-ı Ümmet) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2730/89, HTU, RMM.

Sirac, 3/1873 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Şirket, 1/1909 (Permit application). A.: Mahmut Faik O.: law P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2709/19.

Şirket, 1/1909 (Permit application). A.: Mehmet Ramiz O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown Genre: commercial S.:DH.MKT.2725/79.

Sisigos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Yani İkonomo P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated, satirical L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM.

Sivas, 1878 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Sivas. Genre: official L.:TRS.:OK21(33).

Sivrisinek, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Kemal Saadettin P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM.

Siyah Gül, 12/1927 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Sırat-ı Mustakim, 8/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Ebulala Ali Zeynelabidin O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1273/84, HTU, RMM.

Sokak Maarifesi, 12/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Söke, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Söke. A.: Muharrembeyzade Niyazi O.: other P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2828/45.

Solonski Glasnik, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: George Voukovitch P.S.: granted L.:SEKF.: D S.:RMM.

Son Haber, 3/1923 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Son Havadis Gazetesi, 8/1909 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.: D S.:HTU.

Son Saat, 3/1925 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Son Telgraf, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Fanuki O.: press (owner Meşkat) P.S.: granted L.:TR, FRF.: D S.:RMM.

Sosyalist, 4/1910 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Sotia Kosmou, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Vasilaki P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:RMM.

al Sotiari, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Alexandre Maʾniyad P.S.: granted L.:LAF.: D S.:RMM.

Souvenir, 9/1908 (Permit result). A.: Esad Muhlis O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.1288/37, ZB.25/10.

Spanos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Menelaos Phelevata P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated, satirical L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM.

Sphairi, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Haji Petro P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM.

Spor Alemi, 1/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Subh, 5/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Melham Necip Halef O.: law P.S.: granted L.:AR, FR, ENS.:DH.MKT.2682/65, DH.MKT.2824/53, DH.MKT.2629/43.

Sudi, 11/1920 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Suinat, 3/1909 (Permit application). A.: Ali Bey O.: press P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2774/72.

Şükran, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hulusi Havri P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1278/23, RMM.

Şura-ı Millet, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Vicdani O.: press (director Feyz-i Hürriyet) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Şura-ı Ümmet, 4/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Bahaattin P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1275/40, HTU, RMM. First published in 1902.

Suriye, 1865 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Damascus. Genre: official L.:TR, ARS.:OK21(32).

Süs, 1892 (Publication). Audience: women L.:TRS.:HTU.

Şuun-ı Hukukiye, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Ebubekir Sıtkı O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.:TWS.:HTU, RMM.

Şuun-ı Mesai, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Abdurrahman Adil (Selanikli) O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: political L.:TR, FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2660/71, ZB.328/147, RMM.

Syntagma, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Aydın. A.: Kostaki Maruni/Modeni v. Dimitri O.: other P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1276/78, RMM. Printed in Istanbul according to RMM.

Syntagma, 7/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Yorgui Zinos Christodoulo/Yorgi Rifiyas v. Hristodolo P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1273/19, RMM.

Syntagma, 7/1909 (Permit result) in Samsun. A.: Lamiros/Jambros P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2886/18, DH.MKT.2825/15.

Syntagma, 7/1908 (Permit application). A.: Aristo Dimos Kalvetnios P.S.: unknown L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1274/7.

Tabiyat, 7/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tabiyat Alemi, 12/1925 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tachnik, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Herant Masourian v. Matheos O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2692/62, RMM.

Tachydromos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Nicolas Margaridi P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM.

Tacir, 7/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Faruki O.: merchant P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1271/11.

Tahsil, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: İsmail Hakkı O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2623/127, RMM.

Takib-i İstikbal, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Abdulkerim Hadi O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1288/40, ZB.25/12, RMM.

Takip ve Tenkit, 3/1914 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Takvim-i Vekayi, 1830 (Publication). Genre: official L.:TR, FRS.:HTU.

Talebe, 3/1912 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tamim-i Hürriyet, 3/1909 (Publication (Approx.)) in Tripolitania. A.: Muhammad Qadri O.: law P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:AR, TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2744/44, HTU, RMM.

Tan, 1/1922 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tanca, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Evangelos Pandelidis P.S.: granted Genre: political F.: W S.:DH.MKT.2629/8.

Tanin, 8/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Hüseyin Cahit P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT 1273/28, HTU, RMM.

Taperhed, 9/1908 (Permit result). A.: Todor (Manastırlı) P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.1288/80.

al-Taqaddum, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aleppo. A.: Rizqallah Kender P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:RMM.

al-Taqaddum, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: Şehbenderzade Mahmut Çelebi P.S.: granted L.:AR, TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2705/16, RMM.

al-Taqaddum al-ʿUthmani, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Tripoli. A.: ʿAbd al-Sattar Mikati & Ramzi Sharif P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2632/30.

al-Taraqqi, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Jaffa. A.: Emil Lovenşo/Lonso P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2689/84, RMM.

Tarif-i Muslimin, 4/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tarih ve Edebiyat, 8/1922 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tarik, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Ali Rıza O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2666/45, RMM.

Tarik, 7/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Tariq, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Ali Rıza O.: law P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2666/45, RMM.

Tarık-i Muhabbet, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Kirkor Keseciyan P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.1275/37.

Tarla ve Bahçe, 3/1924 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Taros, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Ikonomidis, Antuvan v. Dimitri P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2652/84, ZB.328/47, RMM. Published in GR according to BOA.

Tasavvuf, 3/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tashih-i Efkar, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Osman Sırrı O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2660/3, ZB.328/49, RMM.

Tashih ül-Efkar, 11/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Şükrü Efendi P.S.: unknown Genre: scientific, literary L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2645/34.

Tasvir-i Efkar, 6/1862 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

(Yeni) Tasvir-i Efkar, 5/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Ebuziyya Tevfik P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:HTU, RMM.

Tasvir-i Hakikat, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Cemalpaşazade Ömer Şerif P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1278/22, RMM.

Tasvir-i Hayal, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Sadık O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1278/27.

Tasvir-i Hayal, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Yani O.: librarian P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRF.:TWS.:RMM.

Tatbikat, 1/1909 (Permit result) in Chios. A.: Şemsettin O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2636/35, DH.MKT.2716/4, RMM.

Tavus, 1908/1909 (Permit application). A.: Ferid Hac P.S.: granted L.:TR, AR, FRF.: D S.:RMM.

Tavus, 4/1925 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tayakkuz, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Yakup Nimetullah O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2636/29.

Tchain Khairinatch, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Yervant O.:education P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: D S.:RMM.

Tchoghatol, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ilia Karmena P.S.: granted F.:TWS.:RMM.

Teavün, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: Mehmet Reşit O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TR, FAF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2744/52, RMM.

Teavün, 4/1909 (Permit result) in Bursa. A.: Sergiz Kalemciyan O.: education P.S.: granted S.:DH.MKT.2783/42.

Teavün-i Aklam, 7/1887 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tebabet Alemi, 12/1925 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tebabet-ı Hazıra, 3/1909 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Şükrü Kamil O.: medical, press (owner Yeni Gazete) P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: ? S.:RMM.

Tebliğ, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Mustafa Asım O.: education P.S.: granted Genre: religious, scientific, political L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1275/45, ZB.24/26, RMM.

Teceddüt, 12/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tecelli, 12/1910 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tecrübe, 4/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Osman Nuri Efendi P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2783/17.

Tedrisat Mecmuası, 2/1910 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.: M S.:HTU.

Tekamül, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Mehmet Raif P.S.: unknown F.: W S.:DH.MKT.1274/46.

Tekemmül, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Damascus. A.: Hayri P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1298/31, RMM.

Telefon, 1/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Fahri O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2701/43, RMM.

Telegraf, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Saffet O.: medcal P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1283/46, ZB.24/97, RMM.

al Telegrafo, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ishak Ghabay P.S.: granted L.:LAS.:RMM.

Telegraphos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Chrysopolis O.: press (director Le Moniteur Oriental and Tachydromos) P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

Telegraphos, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Nikolaki P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:ZB.24/27. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

Telsiz, 6/1927 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Temaşa, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Vahan P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1280/44, ZB.24/50, RMM.

Temkin, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: Tabipefendizade Hafız Efendi Zühtü O.: religious P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2742/46, RMM.

Tenkit, 4/1910 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tenvir-i Efkar, 2/1909 (Permit result) in Kastamonu. A.: Dursunefendizade Mehmet Hilmi O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2744/48, RMM.

(Musavver) Terakki, 3/1902 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Terakki, 5/1870 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Terakki, 1887 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Terakki, 6/1864 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Terakki-i Muhadderat, 1869 (Publication). Audience: women L.:TRS.:HTU.

Terakki-i Ticaret, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Midilli. A.: Fahribeyzade Ali Kamuran P.S.: granted Genre: agricultural, art, commercial L.:TR, FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1280/43, ZB.24/47.

Terakki/Taraki, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Edirne. A.: Vasilaki Vafiyadis/Vaphiodis O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1286/85, RMM.

Terbiye ve Oyun, 8/1911 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tercüman-ı Efkar, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: İstepan Bogosyan P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2853/2, DH.MKT.2681/56, DH.MKT.1296/29.

Tercüman-ı Hakikat, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Nüzhet P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Teshilat, 2/1909 (Permit result). A.: Mehmet Kadri P.S.: granted S.:DH.MKT.2734/36.

Tetebbu, 2/1911 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Thabt/al-Thabat, 10/1908 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Beirut. A.: Iskender Havzi/Huri O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2636/89, DH.MKT.1296/27, RMM, Tauber.

al-Thawra, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: Asyuzade Muhammad P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: W S.:RMM.

Theos … Steber (?), 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Yanko Stavrolaki P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM.

Thermaiki Himerai, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Christo Yorgui P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM.

Ticaret ve Sanayi, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: İsmail Hakkı P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

Ticaret ve Sanayi Odasi, 6/1909 (Permit application) in Samsun. P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2830/91.

Ticaret ve Ziraat Nezareti - Halkali Ziraat Mektebi Aliyesi Mecmuası, 4/1917 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tidak, 3/1909 (Permit application). A.: Karabet Tüccaryan (Çorlulu) P.S.: unknown L.:AMS.:DH.MKT.2754/79.

el Tiempo, 1871 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Istanbul. L.:HES.:OK21(43).

le Timbre, 3/1909 (Permit application). A.: [unknown] P.S.: unknown L.:FRF.: B S.:DH.MKT.2760/8.

Tirahat, 3/1909 (Permit application). A.: Kenemes Dadaryan O.: education P.S.: unknown L.:AMS.:DH.MKT.2768/7.

Tiraj, 2/1910 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tiraje, 3/1911 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tiyatro, 12/1908 (Permit application). A.: Sampod Davudyan P.S.: unknown Genre: illustrated S.:DH.MKT.2681/36.

Tiyatro, 1874 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tiyatro ve Musiki, 1/1928 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

To Taros/Totaros, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Socrate Salomonidi O.: press (owner Amalthia) P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2628/65, RMM. Published Weekly according to RMM, in color.

To Velos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Nicolas Siphaki O.: press (editor Nea Smyrni) P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:RMM.

Tok Söz, 12/1924 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tonguç, 2/1909 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Mirza Mehmet Said P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2721/18, HTU, RMM.

Torak Zion, 1862 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Jerusalem. L.:HES.:OK21(43).

Tosyaʾda Dilek, 3/1927 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tourkianak, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ohannes Ferid O.: press (owner Manzume-i Efkar) P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: W S.:RMM.

Tourko-Hellinika, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Seraphin Rizos O.: government P.S.: granted L.:GR, TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Trablus Sedası, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Tripolitania. A.: Ahmet Efendi O.: civil servant P.S.: granted L.:TR, AR, FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2778/67.

Trablusgarp, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Tripolitania. A.: Livici Zamari P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2682/74. (20/Za/1326 DH.MKT. 2682/74) Applicant was an Italian citizen. Incomplete application.

Trablusgarp, 1866 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Tripolitania. Genre: official L.:TR, ARS.:OK21(32).

Trabzon, 1869 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Trabzon. Genre: official L.:TR, GRS.:OK21(33).

Trabzonʾda Meşveret, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: Salihzade Hasan Naci P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:DH.MKT.1299/65, RMM.

Travail, 10/1908 (Permit application) in İstanbul. A.: Lucien Chateau P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2623/60, RMM.

Tribune de Smyrne, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Wallace Tözhel P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:EN, FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1286/16, RMM. Applicant was an English citizen.

Tsarigradski Glasinik, 8/1908 (Permit result). A.: Stefan Popviç P.S.: granted L.:SEKS.:ZB.24/72.

Tsarigradski Glasnik, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Nemko v. Stephane Popovitch P.S.: granted L.:SEKS.:RMM.

Tsarigradski Vestnik, 1848 (Publication (Secondary source)). L.:BUS.:OK21(42).

Tulu, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Kemal Emin P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:RMM.

Tulu, 8/1884 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Tuna, 6/1868 (Publication) in Ruse. Genre: official L.:TR, BUS.:HTU, OK21(32).

la Turchia - la Turquie, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Boudini P.S.: granted L.:IT, FRS.:RMM.

Türk Duygusu, 5/1913 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Türk Sözü, 4/1914 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Türk Ticaret-i Hariciye Gazetesi, 1/1928 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Türk Yavrusu, 10/1913 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Türk Yurdu, 8/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Turki, 8/1909 (Permit application). A.: Haci Davudzade Haci Süleyman P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2909/32.

(Musavver) Türkistan, 2/1882 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Türkistan, 1865 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Türkiye, 8/1908 (Permit application) in İstanbul. A.: Mahmut Tahir P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1274/37, RMM.

Türkiye, 6/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Türkiye Bilgi Demeti, 4/1923 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Türkiye Rehber-i Ticariyesi, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aydin. A.: Nicolas Vambakidi P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:RMM.

la Turquie, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Boudini P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: D S.:RMM.

Ufk-ı Ati, 8/1911 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

el-Üfuruk, 8/1908 (Publication (Approx.)) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet İzzet P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TR, ARS.:HTU, RMM. Single issue.

Uhuvvet, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Esat O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1278/18, RMM.

Uhuvvet-i İslam, 4/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Tevfik O.: press P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2784/17.

Uhuvvet-i Osmaniye, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Azimzadeh Shafiq al-Muʾayyad P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2619/73.

Ulum-ı İktisadiye, 12/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. L.:TRF.: M S.:HTU.

Ulum-ı İktisadiye ve İctimaiye Mecmuası, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mehmet Cavit P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: M S.:HTU, RMM.

Ümit, 12/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Umma, 11/1909 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Damascus. A.: Ahmad Kurd ʾAli P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MUI30-1/15, Tauber.

Umman, 12/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Süleyman Nutki O.: military, press (editor Ceride-i Bahriye) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D/TWS.:ZB.329/7, HTU, RMM.

Umman, 12/1910 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ümmet, 12/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Umran, 10/1887 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Un Peu de Tout, 9/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Christaki v. Constantin Athansol O.: merchant P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1300/35, RMM.

Union, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mustafa Naiti Paşa, Habidi Khalil Salih P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:FRF.: D S.:RMM.

Union Pharmaceutique Ottomane, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hasan Rauf O.: press (owner İspenciyar) P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: D S.:RMM.

Üsküdar, 1/1909 (Permit application) in İstanbul. A.: Süleyman Faik P.S.: granted S.:DH.MKT.2705/14, RMM.

Utarid, 5/1868 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Utarid, 12/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Üversa, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Rhodes. A.: Andriko Papadopulo P.S.: granted L.:GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2675/27, RMM.

Uyuşmaz, 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: Ahmet Rıfkı P.S.: unknown Genre: political, literary, illustrated L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1274/42.

Vahdet, 12/1908 (Permit application). A.: Hüseyin P.S.: unknown Genre: religious, political, scientific F.: D S.:DH.MKT.2681/99.

Vahdet, 2/1921 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Vakit, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Mazhar O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:GRF.: D S.:RMM.

Vakit, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Ahmet Mithat O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1281/54, MF.MKT.1070/43, RMM.

Vakit, 5/1875 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Vakit, 12/1917 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Vakit yahut Murebbe-i Muhadderat, 9/1875 (Publication). Audience: women L.:TRS.:HTU.

Vardar, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Skopje. A.: Lübnanlı David Dimitridik P.S.: granted L.:SEKF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1275/84, RMM. In AB according to BOA.

Vatan, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Bitola. A.: Mehmet Hasip O.: law P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2681/38.

Vatan, 7/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ahmet Kamil O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRGRSF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1274/8, RMM.

Vatan, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Pantalaki Kosmidi O.: press (owner Müşavir, Phoni, Les Débats) P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Vatan, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Bekir Behlül O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRGRSF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2625/1, RMM.

Vatan, 6/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Vatan ve Millet, 8/1909 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: İşresinto Nambaz P.S.: granted L.:TR, FR, HEF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2891/59.

Vazife, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Abdurrahman O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:RMM.

Vazife, 12/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

la Vedana, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Salvador/Salvatore Moratori/Maratori O.: printing P.S.: granted Genre: commercial, literary, political L.:ITF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2678/56, RMM. Applicant was an italian citizen.

Vefak, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aleppo. A.: Cenanizade Ali P.S.: granted L.:TRGRSF.: D S.:RMM.

Velos, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Kostanti v. Yanni Veliops O.: librarian P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:RMM.

Verem Mecmuası, 1/1928 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Vergi ve Arazi Mecmuası, 6/1885 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

la Veridad [?], 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: İsak Şaki Haham O.: religious P.S.: unknown L.:JES, HES.:DH.MKT.2733/52.

Vesile, 7/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Hacı Mehmet Emin O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRGRSF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1273/85, RMM.

Vicdan, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ali İrfan O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2701/34, RMM.

Vicdan, 1/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Yusuf Ziyaeddin P.S.: unknown F.: W S.:DH.MKT.2707/37.

Vicdan, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Sivas. A.: Halid Cevdet O.: civil servant P.S.: granted Genre: literary, political, agricultural, commercial L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2803/87, DH.MKT.2846/56.

Vifak, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Antep. A.: Cenanizade Ali P.S.: granted F.: D S.:DH.MKT.2635/91.

Vifak, 3/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ziver Paşazade P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2768/2.

Vizandine Idis, 5/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Manuel Bedeven P.S.: unknown L.:GR, FRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2812/4.

la Voix du Peuple, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: Emilio Acroni P.S.: granted L.:FR, ITF.: D S.:RMM.

Volkan, 12/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Derviş Vahdet O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: religious, political L.:TRF.: D S.:ZB.328/123, HTU, RMM.

Volkan, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Agop Artinyan P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary L.:TRGRSF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2628/85, RMM.

la Vraie Parole, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: George Harfouch O.: government P.S.: granted L.:FRF.: D S.:RMM.

al-Watan, 1908? (Permit application) in Beirut. A.: Necib Şuşani P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2716/99.

al-Watan, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Şili Malat P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2775/72.

al-Watan, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Hama. A.: Sultanizade Abdülhamid b. Ahmet P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.1278/69.

al-Watan, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Jerusalem. A.: Djadd Feroumekin P.S.: granted L.:AR, HE, JESF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2688/75, DH.MKT.2655/2, RMM.

al-Watan, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Syria?. A.: ʿUmarizadeh Muhammad Saʿdi P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:RMM.

Yadigar, 10/1879 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yalçınkaya, 11/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: İbrahim Ethem (Üneyli) P.S.: unknown L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2651/17.

Yanya, 1868 (Publication (Secondary source)) in Yanya. Genre: official L.:TR, GRS.:OK21(32).

Yaprak, 5/1911 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

al-Yaqaza, 3/1909 (Permit application) in Mount Lebanon. A.: Esad Mihail Lahud P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2768/66.

Yaşasın Ordu, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Adana. A.: Emin Lütfü O.: military P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.281/65, RMM.

Yaylak/Paylak, 10/1908 (Permit result) in Trabzon. A.: İsmail Hakkı O.: printing P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2623/127, RMM.

Yemen, 1/1873 (Publication) in Yemen. Genre: official L.:TR, ARS.:HTU, OK21(33).

Yeni Akbaba, 10/1908 (Permit application) in Izmir. A.: Rıfat Bahir P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2624/33.

Yeni Avrupa, 2/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeni Dünya, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Ankara. A.: Karabet Halis O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown Genre: scientific, political, commercial L.:TR, AMS.:DH.MKT.1274/43.

Yeni Dünya, 5/1924 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeni Edirne, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Edirne. A.: Şevket P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:RMM.

Yeni Fikir, 12/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeni Fikir, 1/1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeni Gazete, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Abdullah Zühdi O.: press P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1276/35, ZB.24/73, RMM.

Yeni Gazete, 12/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeni Kafkasya, 9/1923 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeni Kalem, 10/1927 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeni Kitap, 5/1927 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeni Lomina, 5/1909 (Permit application) in Bitola. A.: Yorgi P.S.: unknown L.:SEKS.:DH.MKT.2792/63, DH.MKT.2360/58.

Yeni Mektep, 4/1911 (Publication) in Skopje. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeni Muhit ül-Maarif gazetesi, 4/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeni Müjde, 5/1909 (Publication (Approx.)). L.:TRF.: ? S.:HTU.

Yeni Nesil, 3/1921 (Publication). Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeni Osmanlı, 11/1908 (Permit result). A.: Ertuğrul Şakir O.: other P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2637/28, ZB.328/88.

Yeni Sene, 8/1928 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeni Ses, 10/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeni Türk, 4/1925 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeni Türkiye, 2/1917 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeni Vakit, 8/1925 (Publication) in Skopje. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeni Vatan, 12/1908 (Permit result) in Aydin. A.: Lazaros istemalyadi/Lazare Stemiathadi/Stemathiados O.: law, printing P.S.: granted Genre: political, scientific, literary L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2692/77, RMM.

Yeni Zaman, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Thessaloniki. A.: İsmail Hakkı O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.:TWS.:RMM.

Yeni Ziraat Gazetesi, 5/1920 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yeniasır, 2/1909 (Permit application). A.: Nikola Parici P.S.: unknown Genre: political L.:GRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2741/98.

Yeprad, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Mameretülaziz. A.: Karabet Soğukyan O.: education P.S.: granted L.:AMF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2753/46, RMM.

Yertet, 11/1908 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Raşit Halil (Yenişehirli) P.S.: granted L.:ABS.:DH.MKT.2666/52.

Yıldırım, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Pavlaki/Parlaki O.: education P.S.: granted L.:TR, GRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1293/41, RMM.

Yıldız, 12/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Osman Kamil P.S.: unknown L.:TRS.:DH.MKT.2698/9.

Yıldız, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Kosovo. A.: Said O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TR, SEKF.: W S.:HTU, RMM.

Yıldız, 2/1909 (Publication). L.:TR, RUF.:TWS.:HTU.

Yuha, 12/1910 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Yurt, 6/1923 (Publication) in Bursa. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Zafer, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Kirkor Zehrab O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRS.:ZB.24/28.

Zahla al-Fatat, 1908/1909? (Publication (Secondary source)) in Mount Lebanon. A.: Zahla P.S.: granted S.:RMM, Tauber.

Zahra, 1908/1909 (Permit application) in Aleppo. A.: Emirizade Baha P.S.: granted L.:TR, ARF.: W S.:RMM.

Zahruk Baluk, 4/1909 (Permit application) in Syria. A.: Muhammad Tawfiq Darwish P.S.: unknown L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2795/7.

Zaman, 7/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Rıfat O.: law P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1273/20, RMM.

Zaman, 11/1908 (Publication) in Thessaloniki. A.: İbrahim Hikmet O.: chamber of commerce P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: ? S.:DH.MKT.1294/58, HTU, RMM.

Zaman, 4/1918 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Zamir, 6/1909 (Permit result) in Tripoli. A.: Nasif Taberiye P.S.: granted S.:DH.MKT.2836/21.

Zear/Zora, 7/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Andon Davidoff P.S.: granted L.:BUF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1273/16, RMM.

Zeka, 3/1912 (Publication). Genre: illustrated Audience: youth L.:TRS.:HTU.

Zerrat, 1888 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Zevra, 6/1869 (Publication) in Baghdad. Genre: official L.:TR, ARS.:HTU, OK21(33).

Zevzek, 9/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Memduh O.: government P.S.: granted Genre: satirical L.:TRF.:TWS.:HTU, RMM.

Zeybek, 11/1918 (Publication) in Izmir. L.:TRS.:HTU.

Zikzak/Ziktrak, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Vaban Papasyan P.S.: granted Genre: political, industrial, scientific L.:AMF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1274/56, RMM.

Ziraat, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Giovani O.: medical P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1281/57, RMM.

Ziraat Gazetesi, 7/1881 (Publication). Audience: professionals L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ziraat ve Sanat Tercume-i Fünun Odalari, 3/1885 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ziya, 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Haçik Kigorkyan O.: printing P.S.: unknown Genre: political F.: D S.:DH.MKT.1275/31.

Ziya, 3/1911 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Ziyazanyani Kaus Kazah, 6/1909 (Permit application). A.: Surinan Avadis O.: law P.S.: unknown Genre: political, literary, illustrated L.:AMF.: W S.:DH.MKT.2839/19.

Zıpır (Bahçeʾnin Mizahi İlavesi), 9/1908 (Publication). Genre: satirical L.:TRS.:HTU.

Zoi/Zui, 8/1908 (Permit result) in Istanbul. A.: Apostol Melakhmios P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated L.:GRF.: D S.:ZB.24/27, RMM. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

Zübde-i Havadis, 9/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: İbrahim Şinasi P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1293/46, RMM.

Zübde-i Matbuat, 12/1908 (Permit result) in İstanbul. A.: Yusuf Kenan O.: government P.S.: granted L.:TRF.: W S.:ZB.328/146, RMM.

al-Zuhra fi Sama al-Shahba, 3/1909 (Permit result) in Aleppo. A.: Halil Züheyrzade P.S.: granted L.:ARF.: D S.:DH.MKT.2775/75.

Zuhur, 1890 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU.

Zuhur gazetesi, 1/1919 (Publication). L.:TRS.:HTU. Also contains EN.

Zuhuri, 8/1908 (Publication) in Istanbul. A.: Hasan Ferit O.: printing P.S.: granted Genre: illustrated, satirical L.:TRF.:TWS.:HTU, RMM.

Zümrüt Anka, 1/1923 (Publication). Genre: illustrated L.:TRS.:HTU.

[unknown], 11/1908 (Permit result) in Baghdad. A.: Saʿdizadeh Muhammad Rashid P.S.: denied S.:DH.MKT.2644/48. (7/L/1326 DH.MKT. 2644/48) Applicant background check revealed he was a wanted criminal.

[unknown], 7/1909 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Kamil Ali Selam P.S.: granted Genre: political, literary L.:ARS.:DH.MKT.2869/85.

[unknown], 12/1908 (Permit result) in Beirut. A.: Patrisyan P.S.: granted S.:DH.MKT.2675/64.

[unknown], 7/1909 (Permit result) in Erzurum. A.: Aram Efendi P.S.: granted S.:DH.MKT.2864/99.

[unknown], 2/1909 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Adem Şahin P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2735/42.

[unknown], 8/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Ali Nizami O.: other P.S.: unknown Genre: commercial L.:TRF.: W S.:DH.MKT.1274/54.

[unknown], 9/1908 (Permit application) in Istanbul. A.: Yusuf Kenan O.: civil servant P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.1297/64.

[unknown], 6/1909 (Permit result) in Izmir. A.: Dimetokali v. Yani Manos P.S.: granted L.:GRS.:DH.MKT.2859/3. Applicant was a Greek citizen.

[unknown], 1/1909 (Permit application) in Jaffa. A.: Harun Atin P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2711/30.

[unknown], 6/1909 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Davi Baroberez P.S.: granted L.:FRS.:DH.MKT.2828/79.

[unknown], 6/1909 (Permit result) in Thessaloniki. A.: Davi Baroberez P.S.: granted L.:HE, TRS.:DH.MKT.2828/79.

[unknown], 2/1909 (Permit application). A.: Ahmet Reşat P.S.: unknown S.:DH.MKT.2738/41.

[unknown], 8/1908 (Permit application). A.: David Rosu O.: law P.S.: unknown Genre: political, literary, commercial L.:FR, TR, HEF.: D S.:DH.MKT.1283/42. Application for three separate publications in three languages.

1The retrieved documents are: boa dh.mkt 2619/73, 5 Ramazan 1326 [1 October 1908]. dh.mkt 2616/93, 1 Ramazan 1326 [27 September 1908], dh.mkt 2651/22, 14 Şevval 1326 [9 November 1908], dh.mkt 2637/28, 26 Ramazan 1326 [22 October 1908], ZB 328/88, 17 Teşrinisani 1324 [30 November 908], dh.mkt 2636/35, 25 Ramazan 1326 [21 October 1908], dh.mkt 2636/25, 25 Ramazan 1326 [21 October 1908], dh.mkt 2635/36, 24 Ramazan 1326 [20 October 1908], dh.mkt 2629/66, 16 Ramazan 1326 [12 October 1908], dh.mkt 1292/80, 13 Şaban 1326 [10 September 1908], ZB 25/41, 27 Ağustos 1324 [9 September 1908], dh.mkt 1290/68, 7 Şaban 1326 [04 September 1908], dh.mkt 1281/65, 21 Recep 1326 [19 August 08], dh.mkt 1278/59, 12 Recep 1326 [10 August 1908], dh.mkt 1278/22, 11 Recep 1326 [9 August 1908], dh.mkt 1274/6, 2 Recep 1326 [31 July 1908], dh.mkt 1273/27, 29 Cemazeyilahir 1326 [29 July 1908], dh.mkt 2778/28, 6Rebilülevvel 1327 [28 March 1909], dh.mkt 2783/21, 10 Rebiülevvel 1327 [1 April 1909], dh.mkt 2824/53, 7 Cemazeyilevvel 1327 [27 May 1909], dh.mkt 2908/86, 7 Şaban 1327 [24 August 1909], dh.mkt 2655/2, 16 Şevval 1326 [11 November 1908], dh.mkt 2666/45, 28 Şevval 1326 [23 November 1908], dh.mkt 2701/11, 14 Zilhicce 1326 [7 January 1909], dh.mkt 2711/30, 25 Zilhicce 1326 [18 January 1909], ZB 328/147, 30 Teşrinisani 1324 [13 December 1908].
2İsmail Hakkı, “La Presse Musulmane,” Revue Du Monde Musulman 8, no. 5 (1909): 97–139.
3Ahmet Ali Gazel and Şaban Ortak, “İkinci Meşrutiyet’ten 1927 Yılına Kadar Yayın İmtiyazı Alan Gazete ve Mecmualar (1908-1927),” Atatürk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 7, no. 1 (2006): 223–56.
4Although Ortak and Gazel suggest in their article that their list is limited to permit applications for Istanbul, the list clearly contains publications intended for other provinces (e.g., Bursa, Diyarbekir). On the other hand, they seem to have missed the detail that the list in Ayın Tarihi was titled “Meşrutiyet’in İlanından Beri Türkiye’de Neşrolunmuş Gazete ve Mecmualar” (“Newspaper and Magazines Published in Turkey since the Declaration of the Constitution”) and that “Türkiye” in this context actually meant the republic.
5Ali Birinci, “Meşrutiyet Matbuatı (1324-1325) - I,” Kebikeç, no. 2 (1995): 143–47.

Because both the 1864 and 1909 Ottoman press laws are referenced extensively, especially in the chapter “Legislating the Press”, the full text of the laws have been provided here in transcription. However, the 1909 law is not given in the original form in which it is found in Düstur, but rather as a compilation which includes additions and changes to the law that are found in Düstur. In such cases the amendments are marked in a different colour background and contain references to their exact source and their publication dates. Law texts founds in other official sources, such as in the documents of legislators or the government, were not used, as they did not guarantee a correct rendering of the text.

1 The 1864 Press Law

Source: Düstur, tertip i, cilt 2, pp. 220–227, “Dersaadet’de ve Memalik-i Şahane’de tab ve neşrolunan her nev-i gazete ve evrak-ı havadis-i mülkiye ve politikiyetab ve neşri hakkında bu kere tanzim olunan nizamnamedir.”

1.1 Birinci fasıl – Mevadd-ı umumiye

1. madde: Her hangi lisanda olursa olsun, mevadd-ı politikiye ve mülkiyeyi şamil olmak üzere gerek suret-ı muntazama ve evkat-ı muayyene’de ve gerek cüz cüz ve evkat-ı gayrı muayyene’de gazete ve saire evrak-ı mürettebe istihsal-ı ruhsat olunmaksızın ihdas ve neşr olunmayacaktır. Bu misallı gazete ve evrakın neşrine talib olanlar evvel-i emr’de tanzim edeceği istidanamelerini tebea-ı devlet-i aliyeden oldukları halde Maarif Nezaret-i Celile’sine takdim edeceklerdir ve tebea-ı ecnebiyeden bulundukları surette Hariciye Nezaret-i Celile’sine takdim edeceklerdir. Nezareteyn-i müşarun ileyhuma taraflarından dahi 3. madde’de mundereç olan şeraitin tamamıyla mevcud olduğu badeltahkik iktiza eden ruhsat ita buyurulacak ve ruhsat senedleri matbuat kaleminden verilecek.

2. madde: Eyalat-ı Şahane’de bu misallı gazete ve evrak neşrini arzu edenler evvel-i emr’de vali-ı eyalata istidaname takdim edip vali tarafından dahi o şahıs tebea-ı devlet-i aliyeden ise Maarif Nezaretine ve tebea-ı ecnebiyeden olduğu halde makam-ı Nezaret-i Celile-i Hariciye’ye arz ve inha olunarak 3. madde’de beyan olunan şeraitin mevcud olduğu sabit oldukda icab eden ruhsat senedi vali-i eyalata irsal kılınacaktır.

3. madde: Gazete ihdas edecek adam tebea-ı devlet-i aliye’den olur ise la-akall otuz yaşını tekmil etmiş ve ceza kanunname-i hümayunun tayin ettiği cinayet ve cenahlardan dolayı aleyhine hüküm tertip etmemiş olduğu ve kaaffe-i hukuk şahsiıyesine tamamen ve bilfiil mutasarrıf bulunduğu halde ruhsata ruhsata nail olacak ve tebea-ı ecnebiyeden bulunur ise işbu nizamname ahkamından vazaif ve teklifata tebea-ı devlet-i aliye misallı tabi olmak ve matbuatca bir gune-i kabahat ve cünhası vukuunda hakkında gerek hükümetce ve gerek mahkemece icra olunacak muamele Saltanat-ı Seniyetebeası hakkınde cari olan usula tatbikan icra olunmak şartıyla kezalik nail-i ruhsat olacaktır.

4. madde: 1. madde’de beyan olunduğu vechile ruhsat istihsal zimninde ita olunacak istıdanameler ile beraber gazetenin ne ism ile ve kaç günde bir kere çıkarılacağı ve hangi matbaada basılacağı mubin ve gazetenin mesuliyetini deruhde eden sahibi veyahut müdürü mumezzi veya memhir olarak bir kıta-ı sened takdim olunacaktır. Ve gazete sahibi veya müdürü tab ettiği gazetenin her defasında bir nüshasını kalemiyle vaz-ı imza ettikten sonra o nüshayı Matbuat Müdürlüğü canibine irsal edip bade sair nüshalarını zirinde imzası beraber olarak tab ile öylece neşredecek ve taşralarda dahi vali imzalı nüshayı vali-i memlekete takdim edecektir.

5. madde: Gazete vesair evrak-ı mürettebe’nin müdür veya sahibleri istıhsal eylediği ruhsat-ı resmiye’yi muahharan başka kimseye terk ve feragat edecek olduğu halde merceine beyan-ı keyfiyet edecek ve o gazeteyi deruhd eyleyecek. Kimse dahi 1., 2., 3. maddeler ahkamına tatbikan istihsal-ı ruhsat-ı resmiye’ye mecbur olacaktır. Bir gazetenin ismi veya neşrolunacak günleri veya matbaası tebdil ve tagyir olunacak olur ise sahibi veya müdürü tarafından merceine beyan-ı hal ü keyfiyet kılınacaktır.

6. madde: Elyvem Dersaadet’de ve sair memalik-i mahruse-i şahane’de neşrolunmakta evrak-ı mevkute-i politikiye işbu nizamname iktizasınca istihsalı lazım gelen ruhsat-ı resmiye’den muaf olacakları misallı evrak-ı mezkure’ye şimdiye kadar icra kılınmış olan advertismanlar yani tenbihat ve ihzarat keinne lem yekun hükmünde tutulup, fakat bundan böyle cümlesi işbu nizamname ahkam ü şerait münderecesine tamamen tabiata mecbur olacaktır.

7. madde: Bir gazeteye ahar bir zat tarfından olmak üzere derc olunan bendin zirinde o zatın imzası bulundğu halde böyle yazılan bendden tertip edecek mesuliyet o nüshayı imza eden gazeteciye ait olacak ve bend-i mezkur imzalı olsa bile hilaf-ı nizam ve kanun olduğu surette gazeteci dahi müşteriken mesul tutulacaktır.

8. madde: Dersaadet’de Matbuat Müdürlüğü tarafından ve taşralarda hükümet-i meclise canibinden gazetelere irsal olunan muharrerat-ı resmiye’yi gazeteci ilk veya ikinci defa çıkaracagağı nüshada bilaücret derc etmeğe mecbur olacaktır. Biz gazetede bir zatın ismi tasrihle veya ima tarıkıyla bir fıkra dercolunp da o zat tarafından gazeteciye cevap gönderildikte gazeteci bu cevabı ilk veya ikinci neşrolunacak nüshaya dercedecektır. Verilen cevap bilaücret tabolunup ait olduğu bendin iki mislinden ziyade olmayacaktır.

9. madde: Mevadd-ı politikiye’ye ve mülkiye’ye şamil olmak üzere Devlet-i Aliye’ye taarruz ve husumat-ı efkar ile memalik-i ecnebiyede tabettirilen gazete ve evrak-ı mürettebe-i sairenin memalik-i şahaneye ithal ve neşri memnudur.

1.2 İkinci fasıl – Mevadd-ı cezaiyye

10. madde: Her kim Devlet-i Aliye’nin olmaksızın yani hilaf-ı nizam gazete veya bir veraka-ı mürettebe ihdas ve neşrederse etmiş olduğu nüsha veya cüzlerin here biri için 10 aded yüzlük altın ceza-ı nakdi ahzolunacak ve bu surette neşrolunan gazete tatil ettirilecektir.

11. madde: Nizamnamenin 4. maddesi ahkamına mugayır olarak her kim gazetesinin imzalı bir nüshasını murceine irsal etmez ve imzasız gazete neşrederse kezalik 10 adet yüzlük altın ceza-ı nakdi alınacaktır.

12. madde: Bir gazeteci 8. madde mucibince canib-i hükümetten irsal olunan muharrerat-ı resmiyenin derc ü neşrinden imtina ederse iki yüzlük altından 25 altına kadar ceza- ı nakdi alınır ve efrad tarafından gönderilen cevabı derc etmediği halde kezalik 2 altından 25’e kadar ceza-ı nakdi ahzolunup mucip-i teşki olan bendin neşrinden dolayı tertip edecek mecazat ve tazminat dahi başkaca hükmolunur.

13. madde: Ceza kanunname-i hümayunun ikinci faslında beyan oldundğu vechile Devlet- Aliye’nin emniyet-i dahiliyesini ve Memalik-i Mahruse’nim asayişini ihlal edecek cinayet veya cünehlerden birnin icrasına her kim bir gazete vasıtasıyla bazı eşhası tahrik ve ağverderse müşterek cinayet addolunarak eşhas-ı merkumenin derece-i cünah ü cinayetlerine göre haklarında tertip edecek mecazata o kimse ve gazeteci beraber müstehak olacaktır. Ve o gazete dahi hükümet marifietiyle muvakkaten veya katiyen tatil ettirlecektir.

14. madde: Her hangi gazeteci adab-ı umumiye ve mehasin-i ahlak-ı milliye’ye mugayir bir şey yazar veya edyan ve mezahib-i cariyeden birini gazete vasıtasıyla hakaret eder ise 1 yüzlük altından yirmi beş yüzlük altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi alınır veyahut bir haftadan üç maha kadar habsolunur.

15. madde: Bir gazeteci saltanat-ı senniye ve hanedan-ı şevket nişan hazret-i padişah haklarında ilfaz ü tabirat gayr-ı layıka istimal eder veya hükümet-i senniye-i hazret-i padişah aleyhinde taarruz eyler ise 6 aydan 3 seneye kadar hapis veyahut 25 altından 150 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi ahz kılınır.

16. madde: Vükela-ı saltanat-ı senniye’ye veyahut memalik-i mumtaze reislerine dokunacak sözler yazan olur ise 1 aydan 1 seneye kadar hapis veyahut 5 altından 50 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi ahzolunur.

17. madde: Devlet-i Aliye’nin dost ve müttefiği bulunan hükümdaran’a dokunur ilfaz ve tabirat istimal olunur ise 3 mahdan 3 seneye kadar hapis veya 15 altından 10 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi ahzolunur.

18. madde: Bir zat veyahut bir heyetin efal-ı mahsusa beyanıyla heng-i namusunu veya kesr-i itibarını mucib olacak azviyata zem ü efal-ı mahsusa beyan olunmayarak yalnız tahkir ü tezyif ve şetm yolunda izad olunan tabirata kadh-ı itlak olunur.

19. madde: Bir meclis ve mahkeme veya devletce teşkil olunmuş olan sair bir heyet hakkında zem veya kadh vukuunda mütecasiri 15 günden 1 seneye kadar hapsolunur veyahut 2 yüzlük altından 50 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi alınır.

20. madde: Memurin ve hedeme-ı Devlet-i Aliye aleyhinde zem vukuunda 10 günden 10 aya kadar hapis ile veyahut bir altından 40 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi ahzile hükmolunur.

21. madde: Düvel-i ecnebiyenin nezd-i saltanat-ı senniye’de mukim büyükelçi ve murahhası ve ortaelçi ve maslahatgüzarları ve sair memurları aleyhinde gazeteler vasıtasıyla zem vuku buldğu takdirde mütecasiri 8 günden 8 maha kadar hapis veyahut 1 altından 30 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi ahzolunur.

22. madde: Efrad-ı ahali hakkında gazeteler vasıtasıyla zem vuku bulduğu halde 50 kuruşdan 15 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi ahz veya 5 günden 5 aya kadar hapis cezası icra olunur.

23. madde: Memurin-i Devlet-i Aliye’den birinin ve her kim olur ise olsun sair kimsenin mücerred zatına aid olmak üzere zem vukuunda zem eden kimse hakkında muayyen olan ceza tamamen icra olunur. Fakat memurin-i devletin bir memuriyet sıfatıyla hareket etmiş olan zevatın umur-ı memurelerine mutaallak zemeden olursa muhakemesi ledelicra isnad ettiği maddeyi isbat edebildiği halde hakkında bir gune-i mecazat lazım gelmeyecektir ve bu sırada o memurun zatı hakkınde kadh vukuubulmuş ise yalnız bunun cezası hükmolunur.

24. madde: 20. ve 21. maddelerde beyan olunan Devlet-i Aliye ve Düvel-i Fahime-i Mütehabbe memurları haklarında kadh vukuu takdirinde mütecasiri 5 günden 5 maha kadar hapis ve 50 kuruşdan 15 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi ahzile mecazat olunur.

25. madde: Efrad-ı nas hakkında kadh vukuubulur ise mütecasiri 2 günden 2 aya kadar hapis veyahut 30 kuruşdan 5 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi ahzolunur.

26. madde: Bir gazeteci taammüden ve bir su-ı niyete mebni kasten havadis-i kazibe veyahut evrak ü senedat musnie tabederse veya bu makule-i havadis ve evrakı diğer bir gazeteden naklen derçeylerse bir aydan bir seneye kadar hapis veyahut 10 altından 50 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi ahzile mecazat olunur.

27. madde: 15., 16., 17., 21. maddelerde beyan olunan cünahlarla müttehim olan gazeteciler hakkınde muayyen olan cezaların indelicab terkiyle canib-i hükümetden gazeteleri nihayet bir ay müddet tatil ettirilebilir.

28. madde: Gazeteciler gazeteleri aleyhine mahkemece ita olunan hükm ü kararı itası tarihinden bir mah müruruna kadar çıkaracakları nüshalardan birine aynen dercetmeğe mecbur olacaklardır ve bir gazete aleyhine ita olunacak hükm ü kararın masarif-i tabiyesi mahkum aleyhi tarafından tasviye olunmak üzere sair bir veya birkaç gazeteye derci hükmolunabilecektir.

29. madde: İki sene zarfında işbu nizamname mucibince mahkemece aleyhine üç kere hüküm tertip eden gazete veya evrak- mürettebe’nin hükümet marifetiyle muvakkaten veya katiyen tatil ettirilmesi caiz olacaktır.

30. madde: Bir gazete veya evrak-ı mürettebenin mesuliyetini haiz olan müdür veya sahibi bir kabahat ve cünha veya cinayetden dolayı hapsolundğu halde müddet-i hapsi esnasında gazetesş diğer bir müdür-i muvakkat marifetiyle kemafissabık tab ü neşr olunabilecek ise de müdür-i merkum işbu nizamnamede mündereç olan şerait ü vezaife tamamen tabi olacaktır.

31. madde: Gazetelerce bir cünha vukuunda kendilerini mutazarrar iddaa edenler istida etmedikce muhakemeye ibtidar olunmayacaktır. Fakat saltanat-ı senniye ile hanedan-ı şevkat ünvan hazret-i padişahi’ye ve hükümet-i senniye ve vükela-ı devlet-i Aliye’ye dokunur ve adab-ı umumiye’ye ve mehasin-i ahlaka mugayir sözler istimal oldunduğu takdirde canib-i hükümetden olunduğu halde bu makule hakaretin aid olduğu din ve mezheb memurları tarafından vuku gelecek istida üzerine ledelicab hükümet canibinden ruyet-ı dava ettirilecektir.

32. madde: Gazetelerce vukubulan cünahlar tarih-i vukuundan itibaren altı ay mürur edipte hükümetce veya efrad-ı nas tarafından dava olunmamış olursa müddet-i mezkure inkızasından sonra bu misallı dava istimaa’ya caiz olmayacaktır.

33. madde: Gazetelerce vuku bulacak cünha ü cinayetlerin mükerrürleri hakkınde gerek hükümet tarafından bilamuhakeme icrakılınacak ve gerek mahkemece hükmolunacak mecazat ceza-ı muayyenin nihayet iki misline iblağ olunabilecektir.

34. madde: İşbu nizamnamenin 15., 16., 17., 19., 20., 21., 24. maddelerinde beyanolunan cinayet ve cünhaların hin-ı vukuunda Bab-ı Ali’de beş zatdan merkeb tayin olunacak komisyonda tahkikat-ı lazıma bilicra tanzim ü ita kılınacak. Mazbata üzerine meclis ahkam-ı adliyede cezası hükmolunacak ve sair maddelerinde beyan kılınan cünha ve kabahatler dahi zaptiye mahkemelerinde ruyet-i hüküm kılınacakdır.

35. madde: İşbu nizamname zirde muharrer tarihden itibaren desturülamel tutulacaktır.

madde-i mahsusa: Elsine mütenevve’de çıkarılan gazete sahib-i imtiyazlarının ruhsatnamelerinde mündereç evkat-ı mueyyenede çıkaracakları gazetelerden başka ilave namıyla neşredecekleri evrak-ı matbua icra ü ilan buyurlmuş olan tevcihat ve tebligat-ı resmiyeye ve mevadd-ı mühimmeye dair resmi telgrafnamelere munhasır olacaktır. Bunun hilafında ve tehdiş-i ezhanı mucib yolda makalat ve ekazib dercedenlerin çıkaracakları varakanın münderecatından matbuat nizamnamesi ahkamınca sahib-i imtiyaz ve gazete hakkında tertib edecek sair-i ahkam-ı nizamiyeye halel gelmemek üzere gazeteleri bir aydan üç aya kadar tatil edilir.

10 şaban 1292 /29 Ağustos 1291 [10 September 1875] (Source: Düstur tertip i, cilt 3, p. 443, “Matbuat nizamnamesine tezyil olunan madde-i mahsusa”)

2 Şaban 1281/19 Kanunıevvel 1280 [31 December 1864]

2 The 1909 Press Law

Source: Düstur, tertip ii, cilt 1, No. 108, pp. 395–403, “Matbuat Kanunu.”

2.1 Birinci fasıl: Suret-i Neşr

1. madde: Her gazete ve risale-i yevmiye ve mevkutenin bir müdür-i mesulu olmak icap eder.

2. madde: Tebaa-ı Osmaniye’den 21 yaşını ikmal edip mahcur veya hukuk-ı medeniyyeden sakıt olmayan ve sahtekarlık ve dolandırıcılık ve emniyeti suistimal gibi su-ı ahlaka delalet eden efalden bir yıla mahkum olmamış bulunan her şahıs bu kanun ahkamına tevfik hareket etmek şartıyla her nev-i gazete ve resail-i yevmiye ve mevkutenin müdür-i mesulu olabilir. Müdür-i mesulun gazete veya risale-i mevkute ne lisanla neşrediliyorsa o lisanda kitabet edecek derecede behresi olmakda şartdır.

2. madde-i muaddele: Dersaadet yahut vilayatda neşrolunacak yevmi ya mevkut her gazete ve risale müdür-i mesulun tebea-ı Osmaniye’den olması ve yirmi bir yaşını ikmal etmesi ve mecbur ya hukuk-ı medeniyeden sakıt yahut sahtekarlık ve dolandırıcılık ve emniyeti suistimal gibi su-ı ahlake delalet eden efalden biriyle mahkum olmaması ve mekatib-i aliyeden mezun yahut dersden mecaz ya müddet-i tahsiliyesi yedi sene olan mekatib idadiyeden şehadetnameyi haiz bulunması yahut mekatib-i saireden bu derece tahsil görmesi şart olduğu gibi işbu gazete ve resailin sahib-i imtiyazları dahi gazete ve risale-i siyasiye için Dersaadet’de 500 ve vilayatda 100 ve siyasi matbuat-ı mevkute için Dersaadet’de 200 ve vilayatda 50 lira teminat akçesi ita etmek mecburdurlar. Ancak işbu şeraitden elyevm neşredilmekte olan gazeteler ile siyasi matbuat-ımevkuta müstesnadır.

26 Rebiülevvel 1330/3 Mart 1328 [16 March 1912] (Source: Düstur tertip ii, cilt 4, No. 132, pp. 365–366, “Matbuat Kanunu’nun ikinci madde-i muadelesi”)

3. madde: Gazete yahut resail yevmiye veya mevkute neşretmek isteyen kimse Dersaadet’de Dahiliye Nezareti’ne ve taşrada vali veya mutasarrıflara beyanat-ı atiyeyi havi kendisiyle müdür-i mesulun imzalarıyla memzi bir beyanname verir:

  1. (1)Gazete veya risalenin ünvanı
  2. (2)Nerede neşrolunacağı
  3. (3)Bahsedilecek mevad
  4. (4)Evkat-ı neşri
  5. (5)Müstadinin isim ve şöhret ve sinn ve mahall-i ikameti ve tabiyeti
  6. (6)Müdür-i mesulun isim ve şöhret ve sinn ve mahall-i ikameti ve tabiyeti
  7. (7)Ne lisanda neşrolunacağı

Beyanname mukabilinde ilm-i haber alınır.

3. madde-i muaddele: Ayan ve Mebusan ve memurin-i devlet siyasi gazete müdür-i mesulu olamaz.

13 Rebiülahir 1331/9 Mart 1329 [22 March 1913] (Source: Düstur tertip ii, cilt 5, No. 117, pp. 181–185, “Matbuat Kanunu’nun bazı maddelerini muaddil kanun-ı muvakkat”)

4. madde: Madde-i sabıkada muharrir muharrer beyanname ita olunmadan neşrolunan gazete veya risale derhal tatil olunur ve mahkemece 5 liradan 50 liraya kadar ceza-ı nakdi alınır ve tekrari halinde 10 liradan 100 liraya kadar ceza-ı nakdiye mahkum edilir veyahut 24 saatten bir aya kadar hapsolunur ve mezkur gazete ve risalenin mündereçatı kanunen daha ağır bir cezaya mustelzem olduğu takdirde onun hükmü icra edilir. Beyanname muheteveyatı hilaf-ı hakikat ise yahut beyanname hilafına harket vakiolursa şu hal hiç beyanname ita olunmamış hükmünde telakki edilerek ona göre muamele olunur.

5. madde: Neşrolunan her gazete veya risale-i yevmiye veya mevkute sahibinin mülküdür ahara temliki caizdir. Sahibinin vetaftında emlak sarfı hakkında cari olan ahkam-ı feraiz dairesinde veresesine intikal eder ve müdür-i mesulun taht-ı mesuliyetinde neşrine devam olunur.

5. madde-i muaddele: Neşrolunan her gazete veya risale-i yevmiye ve mevkute sahibinin mülküdür. Ahara temliki caizdir. Sahibinin vefatında emlak sarfı hakkında cari olan ahkam-ı feraiz dairesinde veresesine intikaleder. Gazetenin vefat eden sahibi müdür-i mesul vazifesini de bizzat deruhde etmişidiyse verese taraından evsaf-u kanuniye’ye haiz bir müdür-i mesul irae edilerek neşrine devam olunur.

13 Rebiülahir 1331/9 Mart 1329 [22 March 1913] (Source: Düstur tertip ii, cilt 5, No. 117, pp. 181–185, “Matbuat Kanunu’nun bazı maddelerini muaddil kanun-ı muvakkat”)

6. madde: Bir gazete yahut risale-i mevkutenin ünvanı aynen veyahut iltibasa mahal verecek vech ile tebdil olunarak ahar tarafından istimal olunamaz. Mahaza 15 sene neşrolunmayan bir gazete yahut risale-i mevkutenin ünvanı bu müddetden sonra ahara istimal edebilir.

6. madde-i muaddele: Bir gazete veya risale-i mevkutenin ünvanı aynen veya iltibase mehall verecek vechile tebdil edilerek ahar tarafından istimal olunamaz. Mahaza teessüs ve intişar etmişiken düçar tatil olan bir gazete ünvanı 15 sene geçdikten sonra ve yalnız beyanname verilerek hiç intişar etmemiş bir gazete ve risale-i mevkute ünvanı da bir sene mürurile uhra aharı tarafından istimal olunabilir.

13 Rebiülahir 1331/9 Mart 1329 [22 March 1913] (Source: Düstur tertip ii, cilt 5, No. 117, pp. 181–185, “Matbuat Kanunu’nun bazı maddelerini muaddil kanun-ı muvakkat”)

7. madde: Müdür-i mesulun istifası veya vefatı veyahut mahkumen müdür-i mesulluktan sukutu halinde ve kezalik 3. madde ahkamınca itası muktezi beyannamede muherrer mevadde sair tebdilat vuku’unda keyfiyet nihayet beş gün zarfında merceine bildirilmek lazım gelir. Bu şart icra olunmadan neşriyat devam ederse 4. madde ahkamı icra olunur.

2.2 İkinci Fasıl: Ahkam-ı Cezaiye

8. madde: Gazetelerle resail yevmiye ve mevkutenin her nüshasından günü gününe mahallinin en büyük dahiliye memuruyla mudde’i-i umumi’ye müdür-i mesulların imzalarıyla memzi ikişer nusha irsal edilecektir. Bu suretle irsal olunmayan gazetelerle resailin müdür-i mesullarından gönderilmeyen her numara için yarım osmanlı altını ahzolunur.

9. madde: Gazete ve resail mevkutelerin zirinde veya balasında müdür-i mesulun ismi olmaksızın neşri halinde bir lira ceza-ı nakdi alınır ve bunların böyle isimsiz çıkması müdür-i mesulu münderecatından dolayı ayrıca mesuliyet kanunundan kurtaramaz.

10. madde: Sokaklarda veyahut umumi mahallelerde gazete ve resail mevkute vesair evrak-ı mektube veya matbue biy ve tevzi edenler bunların yalnız ünvnlarını ve müellif veya muharrirlerinin isimlerini ve fiatlarını yüksek savt ile söyleyebilirler. Adab-ı umumiye’ye münafi isim ve ünvanlar kullanmak ve bir şahsın veya heyetin ihlal-ı namusunu ya kesr-i itibarını veya alelitlak heyecana mucib olacak beyanat ve evsat ile evrak-ı mezkure için rağbet celbetmek memnudur. Hilafında hareket edenler 25 kuruşdan 1 liraya kadar ceza-ı nakdiye’ye mahkum olurlar yahut 24 saatden bir haftaya kadar habsolunurlar.

10. madde-i muaddele: çarşılarda, sokaklarda gazete, kitap, risale, resim ve saire asar-ı matbue ve mektube bey ve füruht etmek isteyen kimseler polis idaresine müracaatla ikametgahını defter-i mahsusuna kaydettirerek beyanat vakiası mukabilinde bila ücret ilm ü haber ahzeder. Bunlar sattıkları evrakın yalnız ünvanlarını ve muharrirlerin isimlerini ve fiyatlarını yüksek savt ile söyleyebilirler. Adab-ı umumiye münafi isim ve ünvanlar kullanmak ve bir şahsın veya heyetin ihlal-ı namusunu veya kesr-i itibarını veya alalitlak heyecanı mucib olacak beyanat ve evsat ile evrak-ı mezkure için rağbet celbetmek memnudur. İşbu şerait kanuniye hilafında hareket edenler 25 kuruşdan 1 liraya kadar ceza-ı nakdiyeye veyahut 24 saatten 1 haftaya kadar hapsemahkum olurlar.

13 Rebiülahir 1331/9 Mart 1329 [22 March 1913] (Source: Düstur tertip ii, cilt 5, No. 117, pp. 181–185, “Matbuat Kanunu’nun bazı maddelerini muaddil kanun-ı muvakkat”)

11. madde: Gazetelerle resail-i yevmiye ve mevkutenin münderecatından dolayı tertib edecek mecazat-ı kanuniye evvela müdür-i mesul veya mümessile, saniyen makale zirinde imzası bulunan sahib-i makaleye, salisen matbaacıya,Rebien bayi ve mevzi’lere aittir. Ancak bu muhtelif derecatdaki eşhastan her derecedekiler hakkında takib-i dava imkansız kalmadıkça ondan sonraki derecedekiler hakkında ikame-i da’vi edilemez. Yalnız sahib-i makale ve bir de «müdür-i mesuldan gayri bir şahıs olduğu halde» mümessil haklarında daima fail-i müşterik muamelesi ifa olur. Zarar ve ziyan mahkumiyetlerinden gazete ve risale sahibide mesuldur.

12. madde: Gazeteler ve resail-i yevmiye ve mevkute ile vaki olan neşriyatdan bir şahıs kendisini maddeten ya manen mutazarrar addettiği halde mahkemeye muracatla on birinci madde mucibince mesul olan eşhas hakkında ikame-i dava ve evvel-i emr’de bir protestoname tebliğine mecbur olmaksızın zarar ve ziyan iddaa edebilir. Mahkemece badelmuhakeme neşriyat-ı vakiadan müddei-i şahsiye’ye tertib eden zarar-ı maddi ya manevi ile mutanasıb tazminat-ı nakdiye ile beraber bu kanunnamenin tayinettiği hapis veya ceza-ı nakdi ayrıca hükmolunur. Bundan maeda mahkemenin ilamı o gazete yahut risalenin ilk ve nihayet ikinci nushasına aynen dercedilir ve adem-ı derci halinde elli Osmanlı altını alınır. İlam-ı mezkurun masarif-i tabiyesi mahkum aleyh tarafından tadiye olunmak üzere diğer bir veyahut birkaç gazeteye dahi dercine hükmolunabilir.

13. madde: Gazeteler ve resail-ı yevmiye ve mevkute her ner nev-i muhakematı ve bilcümle mecalis-i resmiye mukarraratını neşredebilirler. Ancak hiç bir hususta mahkemenin ve usul-ı nizami dairesinde suret-i hafiyede içtima etmis olan bir heyet-i resmiyenin muzakeratı neşredilemez. Neşrolunan muhakemat neticesinde verilecek hükümlerin dahi derci lazımgelir. Bu madde ahkamına mugayır hareket edenlerden 5 altından 25 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi ahzolunur.

14. madde: Muhakemat-ı aleniyede adab-ı umumiye’ye mehall addolunan tefsilatın neşrini muhakem menettirebilir. Menolunan mevadı neşredenler 2 liradan 10 kadar ceza-ı nakdi itasına yahut 24 saatten bir haftaya kadar hapise mahkum edilebilir.

15. madde: Kavanin-i nizamatın resmen ilanından evvel neşri memnudur. Hilafında hareket edenler hakkında 2 Osmanlı altınından 10 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi hükmolunur ve lüzum görülürse tab ve neşrettikleri evrak zabt ve musadere kılınır.

16. madde: Memalik-i Osmaniye’de tanınmışolam edyan ve mezahibden ve anasırdan birini tezyif ve tahkir yolunda neşriyat vaki olursa onbirinci mucibince mesul olan kimse bir aydan bir seneye kadar hapis ve 20 Osmanlı altınından 100 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi ahzolunur veyahut bu iki cezadan yalnız biriyle düçar-ı mecazat edilir. Edyan ve mezahib hakkında delaile müstened mebahisat-ı ilmiyeve felsefiye tahkir addolunmaz.

17. madde: Kanun-ı cezanın ikinci faslında beyan olunan cinayetleri işlemeye doğrudan doğruya tahriki havi neşriyat vuku’unda 11. madde ahkamına tevfikan mesul olacak şahıs o cinayetlerin filen mürtekibi gibi mecazat olunur fakat zikrolunan tahrikatın bir gune-i eser-i filiyesi etmez ise nefy-i ebeb cezasıyla mecazat kılınır.

18. madde: Bir kimsenin ihlal-ı namusunu ya kesr-i itibarını mucip bir maddeyi matbuat vasıtasıyla ifşa eylemek veyahut bu yolda azz ve bande (بانده) bulunmak tehdidiyle kendisinden para alanlar veyahut başka türlü münafaa istihsal edenler yahut münafaa tasaddi eyleyenler 3 aydan 3 seneye kadar hapis ve 10 liradan 100 liraya kadar ceza-ı nakdiye ile mecazat edilirler.

19. madde: Aslı olmayan havadis veya musanna veya muharref veyahut aslı olmaksızın bir kimseye isnad olunmuş evrak neşr ve nakledenler neşriyat ve nakliyat vakiaları asayiş-i aliye’ye ihlal bais olmuş ve bu da su-ı maksadla vukua gelmiş ise 6 aydan 2 seneye kadar hapis olunurlar ve 5 liradan 100 liraya kadar ceza-ı nakdiye’ye mahkum olurlar veyahut bu iki cezadan yalnız biriyle duçar-ı mecazat edilirler.

19. madde-i muaddele: Aslı olmayan havadis veya musna veya muharraf veya aslı olmaksızın bir kimseye isnad olunmuş evrak neşr ü nakledenler ve evrak-ı resmiye’yi ve resmi nutukları tagyir ve tahrif ile neşreyleyenler, neşriyat ve nakliyat vakia-i su-ı niyet vaki olduğu anlaşılır. Ve bu da efkar-ı umumiye’yi tehyic ve tesvil edecek mahiyetde bulunur ise 1 aydan 6 aya kadar hapis ve 5 liradan 25 liraya kadar ceza-ı nakdi hükmolunur. Neşriyat-ı vakia asayiş-i ammeye ihlal bais olmuş ise 6 aydan 2 seneye kadar hapis ve 25 liradan 100 liraya kadar ceza-ı nakdiye’ye mahkum olur. Veyahut bu iki cezadan yalnız biriyle düçar mecazat edilir. Bu kanunun cürüm addettiği neşriyatı nakleylemek mustakil bir cürüm olup mütecasiri aynı cezaya düçar olur ve naklolunan bu kabil-i neşriyatın muhteveyatı tasdık olunmadığı veya ihtiyatla nakledildiğine veyahut mesuliyet-i ahar bir şahsın tatamıyla deruhd eğlediğine dair bir kayıt ilavesi mesuliyetten kurtulmaya medar olamaz. Bir gazete mahkum olduğu ceza-ı nakdi ve masarif-i mehakeme ve zarar ü ziyanları tazmin maksadıyla iane defteri açmak veya bunu ilan eylemek memnudur. Hilafında hareket edenler bir haftdan altı aya kadar hapis ve beş liradan 25 liraya kadar ceza-ı nakdi ile mahkum olunur.

13 Rebiülahir 1331/9 Mart 1329 [22 March 1913] (Source: Düstur tertip ii, cilt 5, No. 117, pp. 181–185, “Matbuat Kanunu’nun bazı maddelerini muaddil kanun-ı muvakkat”)

20. madde: Adab-ı umumiye’ye mugayır ve muhall-ı ahlak makalat ve tasavir neşrolunduğu takdirde 11. madde ahkamına tevfikan mesul olacak kimseden 2 Osmanlı altınından 10 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi alınır.

20. madde-i muaddele: Adab-ı umumiye’ye mugayır mahell-ı ahlak kütüp ve resail ve makalat ve tasavir neşri memnudur. Hilaf-ı memnuiyet neşredilen asar ve resail ve tasavir zabıta tarafından derhal toplattırılır ve §11 maddeye tevfiken mesuliyeti iktiza eden kimseler ile zabıtaca toplattırılan azar-ı mezkure’ye bey ve tevzi’de devam edenler 2 liradan 10 liraya ceza-ı nakdi ile mecazat olunur.

22 Rebiülevvel 1331/16 şubat 1328 [1 March 1913] (Source: Düstur tertip ii, cilt 5, No. 78, p. 111, “11 Recep 1327 tarihli matbuat kanunu’nun 20. maddesini muaddil kanun-ı muvakkat”)

21. madde: Bir şahıs aleyhinde gazetelerde ve resail-i yevmiye ve mevkutede vuku bulacak neşriyat o şahıs tarafından aleyhindeki makalenin iki mislini tecavüz etmemek şartıyla yazılacak cevabı ve kezalik hükümet’in hilaf-ı hakikat gördüğü neşriyat hakkındaki tekzibnameleri gazeteler ve resail-i mezkure ilk çıkacak nüshanın aynı sütununu derce mecburdurlar aksi halinde 5 altından 50 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdiye ahzolunur.

21. madde-i muaddele: Bir şahıs aleyhinde gazetelerde veya resail-i yevmiye ve mevkutede vukubulacak neşriyata o şahıs tarafından veya vefat etmiş bir zata ait ise evlad ve ihfadi canibinden aleyhindeki makalenin iki mislini tecavüz etmemek şartıyla yazılacak cevabı ve keza hükümetin hilaf-ı hakikat gördüğüğü neşriyat hakkındaki tekzipnameleri gazete ve resail-i mezkure ilk çıkacak nüshasının aynı sütununa ve aynı huruf ile derce mecburdurlar. Aksi halde 5 altından 50 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi ahz olunur.

13 Rebiülahir 1331/9 Mart 1329 [22 March 1913] (Source: Düstur tertip ii, cilt 5, No. 117, pp. 181–185, “Matbuat Kanunu’nun bazı maddelerini muaddil kanun-ı muvakkat”)

22. madde: Mevad-ı sabıkada muharrer ceraimin tekerrürü esbab-ı muşeddeden addolunur.

23. madde: 17. maddede muharrer ceraime tahrike havi neşriyatda bulunan gazete veya risale hakkında alelusul ikame-ı dava olunmakla beraber hükümetce muhafaza-ı asayiş için lüzum göründüğü halde mezkur gazete ya risale netice-i muhakemeye kadar tatil edilebilir. Ancak muhakemeden müdür-i mesulun beratine karar verildiği halde gazete yahut risalenin tetilinden dolayı müdür-i mesulun tazminat talebine hakkı vardır.

23. maddeye ilave: Hükümet tarafından tatil ve mahkemeye sevkolunan gazetelerin sahib-i imtiyaz ve müdür-i mesulları evvelce ita ettikleri teminat akçesini hitam-ı mehakemeye kadar başka bir gazete için teminat olarak istimal edemezler.

13 Rebiülahir 1331/9 Mart 1329 [22 March 1913] (Source: Düstur tertip ii, cilt 5, No. 117, pp. 181–185, “Matbuat Kanunu’nun bazı maddelerini muaddil kanun-ı muvakkat”)

23. madde-i muaddele: Devletin emniyet-i dahiliye veya hariciyesini ihlal edebilecek surette neşriyatda bulunan gazete ya risaleler muhafaza-ı sükun ve emniyet için muvakkaten Meclis-i Vükela kararıyla tatil olunabilirler.

22 Zilhicce 1331/9 Teşrinisani 1329 [22 November 1913] (Source: Düstur tertip ii, cilt 6, No. 12, p. 49, “11 Recep 1327 tarihli Matbuat Kanunu’nun 23. maddesini muaddel kanun-ı muvakkat”)

24. madde: Ceraim-i matbuat hakkında işbu kanunda munderec ahkam-ı cezaiyenin kafesi gazete, resail-i yevmiye ve mevkuteyle neşrolunan tasavire ve gerek umumi mahal ve içtimalarda biy ve füruht ve tevzi edilen evrak-ı mektube ve matbue’ye ve ilavelere gerek inzar-ı aamme’ye vaz’ olunmuş elvah ve ilannamelere dahi şamildir.

2.3 Üçüncü Fasıl: Zem ve Kadh

25. madde: Bir zat yahut bir heyet madde-i mahsusa beyanıyla ihlal-ı namusunu ya kesr-i itibarını mucip azviyate (zem) ve madde-i mahsusa beyan olunmaksızın vuku bulan azviyate ise (kadh) itlakolunur. Adab-ı munazıra dairesinde tenkid hiç bir vakit cerim teşkil edemez.

26. madde: Zat-ı hazret padişah hakkında kadh veya zimmi mutzammın makalat ve ilfaz ve tabirat neşrolunduğu halde on birinci madde ahkamına tevfikan mesul olan kimse 3 aydan 3 seneye kadar hapsolunur.

27. madde: Düvel-i mütehabbe hükümdarları yahut reis-i hükümetleri hakkında zimm ve kadh vuku’unda 1 aydan 1 seneye kadar hapis cesaı hükmolunur.

28. madde: Hanedan-ı saltanat ve Meclis-i Ayan ve Mebusan ve muhakim vesair devair ve heyat-ı resmiyeve ordu ve donanma-ı Osmaniye ve memalik-i Osmaniye’de mukim düvel-i mütehab memurin-i siyasiyesi ve konsolosları aleyhinde zimm vuku’unda 11. madde ahkamına tevfiken mesul olan kimse 15 günden 6 aya kadar hapis veya kendisinden beş altından elli altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi ahzedilir veyahut bu cezaların ikisi birden icra olunur.

Kadh vuku’unda ise 1 haftadan 3 aya kadar hapis edilmekle beraber 1 altından 25 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi istifa olunur yahut bu cezalardan yalnız biri icra edilir. Zimm yahut kadhı tezammun eden makale-i mud’ice zarar ve ziyanı mustelzem olursa o dahi baskaca tazmin ettirilir.

29. madde: Efrad-ı ahaliden biri hakkınde zimm vuku’unda 11. madde ahkamına tevfiken mesul olan kimse 1 haftadan 3 aya kadar hapsolunmakla beraber kendisinden 2 altından 25 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi ahzedilir. Yahut bu cezalardan yalnız biri icra olunur.

Kadh vuku’unda bir haftadan iki aya kadar hapsedilmekle beraber bir altından on beş altına kadar ceza-ı nakdi istifa olunur yahut bu cezalardan yalnız biri icra edilir. Zimm yahut kadhı tazammun eden makale-i med’ice zarar veya ziyanı müstelzem olursa o dahi baskaca tazmin ettirilir.

30. madde: Vükela-ı Devlet ve Ayan ve Mebusan ve memurin-i hükümet hakkında şahsiyata mutaallak zimm veya kadh vuku’unda 29. madde ahkamı her halde icra olunur. Vakiolan zimm ve kadh vazaif-i memuriyetlerine mutaallak umura aitse bu babda 28. madde mucibince amel edilir. Ancak bunların ve hisse-i senedatların çıkarmak suretiyle tesis etmiş olan müessesat-ı maliye ve ticariye müdür ve idare memurlarının munhasıran vazaif-i memuriyetlerine ait fiilleri hakkında ta’yin maddeyle zimm vuku’unda indelmuhakeme efal-ı mezkure sabit olduğu halde neşriyat-ı vakia’dan dolayı bir gune-i mecazat tertip etmez.

2.4 Dördüncü Fasıl: Mevadd-ı Müteferrika

31. madde: Ceraim-i matbuata mutaallık davalar mahakem-i umumiye’de ruyet olunur. 16., 17., 19., 20., 26. maddelerde mevzu-ı bahs olan ceraimle hanedan-ı saltanat aleyhinde vaki olan zimm ve kadhın takibi doğrudan doğruya mudde’i-i umumi tarafındanü düvel-i mütehabbe hükümdarlarıyla memurin-i siyasiye hakkında zimm ve kadh cürümlerinin takibi sefaretlerin Hariciye Nezaretine vaki olacak muracatı üzerine kezalik mudde’i-i umumiler tarafından, Ayan ve Mebusan heyetleriyle devair-i hükümet ve heyat-ı resmiye ve ordu ve donanma-ı Osmaniye hakkındaki zimm ve kadhın takibi ruasaa ve kumandanlar tarafından cihet-i adliye’ye yazılacak tezkere üzerine yine mudde’i-i umumiler tarafından icra olunur. İşbu kanunda munderec olan diğer zimm ve kadhler hakkındaki davalar ise munhasıran mudde’i-i şahsiler canibinden ikamet edilir.

31. madde-i muaddele: Ceraim-i matbuata mutaallak davalar mehakim-i umumiye’de usul-ı muhakemat-ı cezaiye kanununa muzil 12 şevval 1330 ve 11 Eylül 1328 tarihli mevadd-ı kanuniye’ye tevfiken ruyet olunur. 16., 17., 19., 20., 26. maddelerde mevzubahis olan ceraimle hanedan-ı saltanat ve düvel-i mütehabbe hükümdaranı aleyhinde vaki olan zem ve kadhın takibi doğrudan doğruya mudi-i umumi tarafından ve düveli mutehabbenin nezd-i saltanat-ı senniyedeki memurin-i siyasiyesi hakkında zem ü kadh cürümlerinin takibi sefaretlerin Hariciye Nezaretine vaki olacak müracatı üzerine kezalik müddei-iumumiler tarafından ve Ayan ve Mebusan heyetleriyle devair-i hükümet ve heyat-ı resmiye ve ordu ve donanma-ı Osmani hakkındaki zem ü kadhın takibi ruasa ve kumandanları tarafından cihet-i adliyeye yazılacak tezkere üzerine yine müddei-iumumiler tarafından icra olunur.

13 Rebiülahir 1331/9 Mart 1329 [22 March 1913] (Source: Düstur tertip ii, cilt 5, No. 117, pp. 181–185, “Matbuat Kanunu’nun bazı maddelerini muaddil kanun-ı muvakkat”)

32. madde: Ceraim-i matbuat aleyhinde tarih-i neşrden itibaren 3 ay zarfında ikame olunmayan davalar istima edilemez.

33. madde: Vakt-i seferde ve harb tehlikesi bulunduğu zamanda kuva-ı birriye ve bahriyenin icra edeceği harekata ve devletin esbab ve vasait-i tedafi’isine dair gazetelerin neşriyatı ledelicab makam-ı sadaretten vaki olacak emr ve ilan üzerine menolunur. Hilaf-ı memnu’iyet-ı neşriyatda bulunanlar 50 liradan 200 liraya kadar ceza-ı nakdiye yahut 6 aydan 2 seneye kadar hapis ile yahut bu iki cezadan her ikisini ile mecazat olunur.

33. madde-i muaddele: Vakt-ı hazır ve seferde Harbiye ve Bahriye Nezaretlerinden neşrettirilecek tebliğat ve tamimatdan ve hükümet-i askeriye’ye sansür memurları tarafından neşrine müsade olunan havadisden maeda kuva-ıbiriye ve bahriyenin icra edecekleri harekate ve devletin esbab ve vesait-i tedafiiyesine dair makalat veya fıkrat veyahut havadis-i askeriye neşreden gazete veya mecmua sahib-i imtiyaz veya müdüri mesuldan 100 yüzlük Osmanlı altınından 500 yüzlük Osmanlı altınına kadar ceza-ı nakdi ahzolunur. Hususat-ı mezkure hilafına hareket eden gazete veya mecmua sahib-i imtiyaz veya müdür-i mesulu neşrolunan havadisin menşi ü muhbirini irae ve beyana mecbur olup bundan imtina eden sahib-i imtiyaz veya müdür-i mesuldan ceza-ı nakdiyenin hadd-ı azamı alındıktan başka bir aydan 3 aya kadar hapis cezasıyla dahi mecazat edilir.

16 şevval 1332/25 Ağustos 1330 [7 September 1914] (Source: Düstur tertip ii, cilt 6, No. 522, p. 1259, “11 Recep 1327 tarihli Matbuat Kanunu’nun 33. maddesine muaddil kanun-ı muvakkat”)

34. madde: Siyasiyata mutaallık olmayan ve sırf fenni ve edebi olan resail mevkute kitap hükmünde olup bu kanunnamenin suret-i neşr hakkındaki ahkamına tabi değildir.

35. madde: Memalik-i ecnebiye’den ve eyalat-ı mümtazede matbu gazete veya resail mevkutenin memalik-i Osmaniye’de men-i neşr ve tevzi’i Meclis-i Vükelada ittihaz olan bir karar-ı mahsusla vaki olur ve yalnız bir numarası Dahiliye Nezareti tarafından verilen emir üzerine men edilebilir. Bu suretle memnu gazete ve risaleye bilerek biy ve tevzi edenler hakkında 2 liradan 15 liraya kadar ceza-ı nakdi hükmolunur.

36. madde: Fi 2 Şaban sene 1281 tarihli Matbuat nizamnamesinin ahkamı mefsuhtur.

37. madde: Dahiliye ve Adliye Nazırları işbu kanunun icrasına memurdurlar.

38. madde: (Madde-i Muvakkate) Elyevm mevcud olan gazetelerin ashabı ve müdür-i mesulları bu kanunda münderiç şerait-i kanuniye’ye tarih-i ilandan itibaren nihayet bir ay zarfınde ikmale mucburdurlar. Aksi halde haklarında 4. madde mucibince muamele edilir.

1. madde-i müzeyyil: Bilfiil hizmet-i askeriyede mustahdem ya sınıf-ı ihtiyata naklolunmak üzere mutekaid ve muste’fi biri ve bahri erkan ve ümera ve zabıtan ile memurin-ı sıhhiyenin ve mensubin-i saire-i askeriyenin dahili ve harici mesail-i siyasiye hakkında mutaleatı veya hükümet-i askeriye aleyhinde menafi-i inzibat ve itaat-ı tenkidatı mutezemmin gönderdikleri evrak ve makalatın derc ü neşri katiyen memnudur. Gazetelere bu gibi makalat gönderen zabıtanın isim ve hüviyetini ketmeden gazetenin müdür-i mesulu bir haftadan bir aya kadar hapis ve 5 altından 25 altına kadar ceza-ı nakdiye mahkum edilir.

26 Rebiülevvel 1330/3 Mart 1328 [16 March 1912] (Source: Düstur tertip ii, cilt 4, No. 132, pp. 365–366, “Matbuat Kanunu’nun ikinci madde-i muadelesi”)

[…] 11 Recep sene 1327 ve 16 Temmuz sene 1325 (29 Temmuz 1909)

Measuring the levels of censorship in Ottoman dailies is not an easy task, especially if it has to be done over an extended period of time. This is mainly due to time constraints: with on average four pages per issue, for every month this would translate into over 120 pages, bringing up the yearly total to over 1,200 for a single newspaper. For the chapter on controlling the press, an analysis of over four years, spanning from November 1918 until June 1923, is shown for three separate newspapers. In the worst case, this would require almost 5,000 pages per newspaper, or around 15,000 pages in total to be examined. Obviously, this task would not be possible to complete within the time allotted for this research.

Therefore, a different methodology was designed for this specific purpose, which, despite its shortcomings, should still result in reasonably accurate figures. First of all, in order to cut back on the huge amount of pages, the survey was kept limited to front pages. This decision was made based on the fact that the front page contained the most important news and editorials, i.e. direct commentaries of the journalists on recent events. Of course, censorship was not limited to the front page. However, subsequent pages usually contained serialized stories, advertisements, fait-divers, encyclopaedic articles, letters from readers, announcements, etc. In short, material that was less prone to political censorship.

Secondly, the survey was limited to visible signs of censorship. These are white spaces in the columns where there should have been text, but where the type obviously had been removed. In the period under scrutiny, preventive censorship was performed shortly before it was time to run the print, which meant that soon after passing through censorship, the clichés had to go to the printer. There probably would have been no time to edit the articles and have them checked again (if that was even possible), lest the daily lose its edge to the competition due to publishing too late. Perhaps some publishers even enjoyed having the visible gaps as a sign of silent protest, as battle scars of their relentless battle against the censors – for, after all, these white spaces themselves were a message: “here is something that you are not allowed to read”.

In other words, subtler forms of censorship, most importantly self-censorship or threats of violence, caused by falling in line with the dictates of the censor, are not captured by the survey. That task would require a separate effort, whereby the reader, in order to be able to detect the slight variations in tone and content, should first become familiar with the writing style and political views of every contributor to the daily before, during and after the period under survey. And this for several publications. Needless to say, this was not feasible within the time allotted for this work.

This does not mean, however, that the methodology used in this survey has no merit. On the contrary. Throughout 1918 until 1923, the white gaps were almost a constant presence on the front page of the surveyed dailies. Even if subtler forms of (self-)censorship took place, publishers (some more stubbornly than others) continued to either defy the system or try to test its limit. Then, it also seems plausible that those publishers who were constantly having parts of their texts removed, despite having the experience to know what would or would not pass the filter, were also less likely to curb their enthusiasm due to subtler forms of censorship. In other words, although the absence of white gaps in a text is not a guarantee for the absence of self-censorship, their existence almost certainly is.

White gaps also have the advantage of being objectively detectable. For example, one could argue that, in a certain article, a columnist left out something or expressed his ideas in a veiled way. However, this is far more difficult to prove than a missing chunk of text. Another advantage is that white gaps can be conveniently counted and compared. Again, there is no room left for interpretation. This is not to say that textual interpretation in order to find hidden types of censorship is an inferior method. Rather, both methods have their own advantages. And in the case of this study, the advantage is that it feasibly allows for the sketching of an image of the censorship situation over a relatively long period and over various publications and also for comparisons.

In the visual appraisal of the amount of censorship, a weighted system was used, that considers both frequency and the volume of the censoring done. An encoding scheme was used, whereby every page received a score, depending on the number of Small (S), Medium (M) or Large (L) occurrences of white gaps. Where one to five lines were removed, this was marked as one Small point. Over five lines to half a column of removed text was marked as Medium, and anything over half a column (including removal of whole articles or suspension of issues due to censorship) received a Large point. Furthermore, every two Small points were converted to a Medium point and every two Medium points were converted to a Large point. In the end, a tally of these points was created. In practice, this means that, for example, if a page scored (1S/0M/2L), this originally could have either been (1S/0M/2L), or (1S/2M/1L), or (3S/1M/1L) or any other permutation.

This matters because of the weighted system which allows the triple scoring system of (S/M/L) to be translated into one figure. Small points are multiplied by 1, Medium points are multiplied by 2 and Large points are multiplied by 4, where after the sum of these results in the final censorship score (C) for that certain page. For example, (1S/1M/1L) would result in (C=7) because (1S*1+1M*2+1L*4) equals 7. Another example, (1S/0M/3L) would result in (C=49). Therefore, the weighted scoring system would result in high values for (C) both if there were many occurrences of smaller gaps, or the removal of one large chunk.

Why should smaller chunks get a lower score? Could the removal of one key sentence not be more destructive to the message than the removal of two paragraphs? It certainly could. For example, in theory, the removal of a single line could have a more significant impact on the dissemination of news, than the complete removal of an article. However, on the one hand, as the removed bits of text are not available, there is no way to examine this and on the other, this would lead straight into textual analysis which is not feasible for the number of pages that were surveyed. Therefore, a higher value for (C) does not necessarily mean that a more important bit of information was removed, but that he likelihood of the removal of important information is higher.

Using this scheme, the front pages of three different Istanbul-based political dailies were analysed. The selected dailies are Vakit, İkdam and Peyam-ı Sabah. They were picked because they represented a large political spectrum, as is extensively discussed in the chapter “Censoring the Press”. For the period between November 1918 and June 1923, a combined total of 3,529 front pages were examined. There was no sampling done, and every available issue was encoded with the S/M/L system.

The resulting figures were first tallied per month of the common calendar. These monthly tallies of (S/M/L) and their resulting (C) were further normalized to adjust for sample rates. If for example 20 issues were available for a certain newspaper in one month due to missing copies, and if all of these issues were censored as (1S/0M/0L), the result would be (C=20). However, if 30 issues were available in a different month, and again 20 issues were each censored (1S/0M/0L) and the other 10 issues showed no sign of censorship, the result would again be (C=20). However, the month where only 20 issues were available of the newspaper, 100% of the samples were censored, whereas in the latter case only 66% were censored. In order to prevent this, a normalization was applied to every monthly (C), where it was divided by the available number of issues (Of) and then multiplied by 30 (the average month), resulting in a Corrected (C), or (Cc). The resulting data is presented in the table below.

T000001

The chapter on financing the press contains several charts that contain information about the prices of Turkish language dailies in Istanbul between 1861 and 1923. These charts are based on data acquired by examining various publications from the digitized newspaper, mostly from collections obtained at the Turkish National Library and the online Periodicals of the Hakkı Tarık Us Collection.

The survey covers the period between the creation of the Turkish language Ottoman private press (1861) and the end of the use of the Arabic alphabet for written Turkish in the Republic through the alphabet reform (1928). Although this range lies beyond the scope of the period that is covered by the book, these dates were chosen in order to be able to contextualize the findings for the period which is the focus of the book. At the same time, the years between 1908 and 1923 are examined in more detail than those before or after these years. During the survey, one random sample per year of the common calendar was taken from publications before 1908 and after 1923. For the period between 1908 and 1923, the sample rate was increased to four samples for every year of the common calendar, i.e. one per quarter. This was done to increase the accuracy for the period that is the actual focus of this book.

Sampling was limited to Turkish language dailies which appeared in Istanbul. By “dailies” are meant here publications appearing more than once a week, or in other words, had a publishing frequency of more than twice per week. This frequency could range from three days per week to seven days per week. Four variables were recorded per sample. This data can be found at the end of this appendix.

The recorded data are price (pr), number of pages (p), number of columns per page (c) and the amount of advertisement, expressed in columns (a).1 With these numbers, it is possible to derive two additional meaningful metrics. These are size (s), expressed in total number of columns and price per column of a newspaper (ppc).

For the price (pr), the survey only considers the retail price for Istanbul (usually expressed as “Dersaadetʾte fiyatı”), while the prices for the provinces (taşra) and abroad were discarded, as these were in function of the price for Istanbul, meaning that an increase in Istanbulʾs prices resulted in an increase in taşra and foreign prices. The price-data is recorded in para-units and where kuruş-units were used, these were converted to para at 40 para to 1 kuruş. Therefore, the data in the tables may be given in a different unit than the price that was actually printed on the newspapers.

The number of pages (p) were recorded by counting the pages. A single sheet of paper, having two sides, was recorded as two pages. A single sheet folded in half was recorded as four pages, etc. Similarly, the number of columns per page (c) was obtained by simply counting columns. The amount of advertisement in a newspaper, expressed in number of columns (a), was recorded with increments of half columns. With some samples, it was not possible to determine the total number of pages or amount of advertisement. In these instances, the data was left blank.

The chart displaying the yearly overview of daily newspaper prices in Istanbul between 1861 and 1923 (Figure 17) is built on the price (pr) values. This chart shows the average annual price and, where applicable, the minimum and maximum price per year. To achieve this, first mean prices per year (prx̅) were calculated for every available year. For the 1908–1923 period, where four samples per year were taken, the quarterly means were used to calculate the annual mean. Minimum and maximum prices were determined by the bottom and ceiling prices.

For example, for the year 1876, four dailies were available for sampling: Basiret at 30 para, Ceride-i Vukuat at 10 para, Vakit at 20 para and Ruzname-i Ceride-i Havadis at 20 para. As a result, for the year 1876 the mean annual price (prx̅) is 20 para, the minimum price is 10 para and the maximum price is 30 para.

Because over time newspaper sizes also changed, it was considered useful to look at real prices. The real price of a newspaper is here considered the volume of content that one would receive for one’s money. To measure this, the price per column was calculated (ppc), based on the size (s) and price (pr) of the newspapers. The size (s)of the newspapers was determined as the product of the number of columns (c) and the number of pages (p), which gives the total number of columns in a newspaper. Means for price (px̅) and number of columns per page (cx̅) were first calculated for each year. These were then multiplied to obtain the mean size (sx̅). Now the mean annual price in para per column (ppcx̅) can be calculated as prx̅/sx̅.2

For example, for the year 1889, four samples were available: Saadet (5 columns, 4 pages), Müruvvet (3 columns, 4 pages), Tarık (6 columns, 4 pages), Tercüman-ı Hakikat (5 columns, 8 pages). Therefore, for 1889, the mean number of columns (cx̅) was ((5+3+6+5)/4) or 4.75 columns, the annual average number of pages (px̅) was ((4+4+4+8)/4) or 5 pages. As a result, the average size (sx̅) was (4.75 columns * 5 pages) or 23.75 columns. Finally, the mean annual price (prx̅) for that year (32.5 para) was divided by the number of columns (32.5/23.75) thus resulting in a rounded 1.4 para per column (ppcx̅) in 1889.

In the chart comparing the nominal price of newspapers (px̅) to the real price of newspapers (ppcx̅) and the prices in the market (Figure 19), the market prices are based on Eldem’s figures, which are based on Düyun-ı Umumiye (Public Debt Administration) indexes.3 Both the real quarterly prices and the market prices were normalized to start in the third quarter of 1914 at a value of 10, the price of dailies at that point. This was done in order to make comparisons easier. By doing this, the behaviour of nominal and real prices can be seen in relation to market prices. The normalized market-prices reflect what newspaper prices should have been, in order to adjust to the war-time inflation. On the other hand, the normalized real prices, show that, despite seemingly inflexible pricing policy, publishers were adjusting real prices by offering less content for the same price.

The final chart (Figure 21) compares the mean size of newspapers (sx̅) to the mean amount of columns dedicated to advertising (ax̅).

The collected data has some shortcomings. First of all, there are several years for which no samples could be obtained at all. Secondly, a more accurate picture could have been painted with a higher sampling rate. Unfortunately, without access to more complete collections, there is no way of improving the number of samples. Finally, and connected with this last point, there is a risk of survivorship bias in the data. It could be that there were many publications which could have severely altered the outcome of the research, but that these publications were so unpopular that nobody bothered to collect them in archives. These are all issues that can hopefully be addressed by future researchers who will have access to much larger collections than are currently available.

Price Data

1861

TıA #26 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 2 a: 0,5

RCiH #112 p: 2 c: 2 a: 0,0

1862

TıA #199 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 2 a: 0,5

TiE #36 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 2 a: 0,0

RCiH #524 p: 4 c: 2 a: 2,0

1863

TıA #348 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 2 a: 1,5

TiE #153 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 2 a: 0,5

RCiH #676 p: 4 c: 2 a: 2,0

1864

TıA #497 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 2 a: 1,5

TiE #205 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 2 a: 0,0

RCiH #827 p: 4 c: 2 a: 0,5

1865

TıA #646 pr: 40 p: 4

TiE #301 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 2 a: 0,5

RCiH #150 pr: 60 p: 4 c: 3 a: 3,0

1866

TiE #431 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 2 a: 0,5

RCiH #460 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 3 a: 1,5

1867

TiE #557 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 2 a: 0,5

RCiH #753 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 3 a: 0,5

1868

Terakki #25 pr: 20 p: 8 c: 2 a: 1,0

TiE #864 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 2 a: 0,0

İstanbul #362 pr: 20 p: 4 c: 2 a: 1,0

1869

Terakki #116 pr: 20 p: 8 c: 2 a: 2,0

Mümeyyiz #31 pr: 20 p: 4 c: 2 a: 0,0

1870

Asır #33 pr: 20 p: 4 c: 2 a: 0,0

Mümeyyiz #167 pr: 20 p: 4 c: 2 a: 0,5

Memalik-i Mahruse #46 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 2 a: 0,0

RCiH #1386 pr: 40

1871

Basiret #281 pr: 30 p: 4 c: 2 a: 0,0

Hakayık ül-Vekayi #207 pr: 20 p: 4 c: 3 a: 2,5

RCiH #1583 pr: 40

1872

Basiret #596 pr: 20 p: 4 c: 3 a: 2,5

Bedir #1 pr: 40 p: 8 c: 3 a: 1,5

Hakayık ül-Vekayi #584 pr: 20 p: 4 c: 3 a: 3,0

RCiH #1859 pr: 20

1873

Basiret #908 pr: 20 p: 4 c: 3 a: 2,5

Sıraç #14 pr: 20 p: 4 c: 3 a: 3,0

Hakayık ül-Vekayi #1006 pr: 20 p: 4 c: 3 a: 1,5

1874

Basiret #1221 pr: 20 p: 4 c: 4 a: 4,0

Hülasat ül-Efkar #78 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 2 a: 0,5

1875

Basiret #1612 pr: 30 p: 4 c: 5 a: 6,0

Vakit #53 pr: 20 p: 2 c: 4 a: 1,0

1876

Basiret #1748 pr: 30 p: 4 c: 5 a: 5,0

Ceride-i Vukuat #8 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 3 a: 1,5

Vakit #301 pr: 20 p: 4 c: 4 a: 2,0

RCiH #3157 pr: 20

1877

Sabah #303 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 3 a: 1,0

Vakit #595 pr: 30 p: 2 c: 4 a: 1,5

1878

Vakit #900 pr: 50 p: 4 c: 4 a: 2,0

TıH #22 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 5 a: 0,0

1879

Vakit #1226 pr: 80 p: 4 c: 4 a: 3,0

TıH #302 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 5 a: 2,5

1880

Vakit #1532 pr: 30 p: 4 c: 4 a: 1,0

TıH #650 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 5 a: 2,5

1881

Vakit #1949 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 4 a: 2,0

TıH #951 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 6 a: 4,0

1882

Vakit #2225 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 4 a: 4,0

TıH #1254 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 6 a: 4,5

1883

Vakit #2509 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 4 a: 2,5

TıH #1559 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 6 a: 6,0

1884

Tarık #88 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 5 a: 3,0

RCiH #5769 pr: 40

TıH #1839 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 7 a: 4,0

1885

Saadet #39 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 5 a: 5,0

Tarık #308 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 5 a: 2,0

TıH #2130 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 7 a: 5,5

1886

Saadet #375 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 5 a: 5,0

Tarık #733 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 5 a: 5,0

TıH #2427 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 7 a: 5,5

1887

Saadet #702 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 5 a: 5,0

Tarık #1051 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 5 a: 3,5

TıH #2755 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 7 a: 7,0

1888

Saadet #1053 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 5 a: 5,0

Müruvvet #52 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 3 a: 1,0

Tarık #1439 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 6 a: 4,0

TıH #3071 pr: 40 p: 8 c: 5 a: 5,0

1889

Saadet #1351 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 5 a: 5,0

Müruvvet #236 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 3 a: 3,5

Tarık #1811 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 6 a: 4,0

TıH #3304 pr: 40 p: 8 c: 5 a: 5,0

1890

Zühur #63 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 1,0

Müruvvet #484 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 5 a: 5,0

TıH #3645 pr: 40 p: 8 c: 5 a: 5,0

1891

Müruvvet #130 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 3,5

TıH #3872 pr: 40 p: 8 c: 5 a: 5,0

1892

Ceride #161 pr: 20 p: 8 c: 3 a: 4,5

TıH #4179 pr: 40 p: 8 c: 5 a: 5,5

1893

TıH #4483 pr: 40 p: 8 c: 5 a: 5,5

1894

Zaman #129 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 5 a: 0,5

TıH #4787 pr: 40 p: 8 c: 5 a: 5,0

1895

Zaman #140 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 5 a: 0,5

1896

1897

Malumat #10 pr: 20 p: 4 c: 4 a: 0,0

1898

Malumat #401 pr: 20 p: 4 c: 4 a: 0,0

Servet #6 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 0,0

1899

Malumat #595 pr: 20 p: 4 c: 4 a: 0,0

Servet #420 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 0,0

1900

Malumat #1183 pr: 20 p: 4 c: 4 a: 0,0

Servet #575 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 0,0

1901

Malumat #1408 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 0,0

1902

1903

Servet #1959 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 5 a: 0,5

1904

Servet #1993 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 1,0

1905

1906

1907

1908/1

TıH #9612 pr: 10 c: 6

İkdam #4897 pr: 10

Sabah #6558 pr: 10

1908/2

TıH #9748 pr: 10 c: 6

İkdam #4973 pr: 10

Sabah #6666 pr: 10

1908/3

İttihat ve Terakki #17 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 5 a: 1,0

Tanin #14 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 0,0

İkdam #5093 pr: 10

Sabah #6803 pr: 10

1908/4

Volkan #7 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 3 a: 1,0

Zaman #2 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 0,5

İttihat ve Terakki #84 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 5 a: 1,0

Tanin #92 pr: 10 p: 8 c: 6 a: 1,5

İkdam #5138 pr: 10

Sabah #6874 pr: 10

1909/1

Volkan #48 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 3 a: 0,0

Zaman #57 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 3,0

Yeni Gazete #142 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 0,5

Tanin #227 pr: 10 c: 6 a: 1,0

İkdam #5251 pr: 10

Sabah #6936 pr: 10

1909/2

Volkan #109 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 3 a: 0,5

Zaman #166 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 5 a: 4,5

Yeni Gazete #249 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 6,0

Tanin #295 pr: 10 c: 6 a: 2,5

YTiE #11 pr: 20 p: 8 c: 3 a: 0,5

İkdam #5362 pr: 10

Sabah #7012 pr: 10

1909/3

Yeni Gazete #346 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 3,0

Tanin #325 pr: 10 c: 6 a: 5,0

YTiE #77 pr: 20 p: 8 c: 3 a: 2,5

İkdam #5382 pr: 10

Sabah #7150 pr: 10

1909/4

Yeni Gazete #475 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 5,0

Tanin #398 pr: 10 c: 6 a: 3,5

YTiE #137 pr: 20 p: 10 c: 3 a: 2,5

İkdam #5461 pr: 10

Sabah #7240 pr: 10

1910/1

Yeni Gazete #533 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 4,0

Tanin #491 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 5,0

YTiE #224 pr: 20 p: 8 c: 3 a: 0,5

İkdam #5541 pr: 10

Sabah #7317 pr: 10

1910/2

Yeni Gazete #589 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 4,0

Tanin #581 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 2,5

YTiE #301 pr: 20 p: 8 c: 3 a: 2,0

İkdam #20 pr: 10

Sabah #7395 pr: 10

1910/3

Yeni Gazete #673 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 2,5

Tanin #687 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 4,5

YTiE #351 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 1,5

İkdam #182 pr: 10

Sabah #7500 pr: 10

1910/4

Yeni Gazete #778 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 4,5

Tanin #795 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 9,0

YTiE #430 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 1,5

İkdam #249 pr: 10

Sabah #7610 pr: 10

1911/1

Tanin #894 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 4,5

YTiE #529 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 2,5

İkdam #344 pr: 10

1911/2

Tanin #968 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 8,5

YTiE #553 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 1,0

İkdam #405 pr: 10

1911/3

Tanin #1064 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 8,5

İkdam #500 pr: 10

Alemdar #93 pr: 10

1911/4

Yeni Ses #7 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 0,5

Yeni Avrupa #2 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 0,5

Tanin #1176 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 5,0

İkdam #605 pr: 10

Alemdar #191 pr: 10

1912/1

Vatan #112 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 2,0

Tanin #1267 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 9,5

İkdam #686 pr: 10

1912/2

Vatan #119 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 2,0

Hak #68 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 4,5

Tanin #1344 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 11,5

İkdam #69 pr: 10

1912/3

Tanin #1401 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 10,5

İkdam #144 pr: 10

Alemdar #121 pr: 10

1912/4

Tanin #1471 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 6,0

YTiE #566 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 0,0

İkdam #5654 pr: 10

Alemdar #156 pr: 10

1913/1

Yeni Yol #18 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 0,0

Tanin #1533 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 2,5

YTiE #667 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 0,0

İkdam #5722 pr: 10

Alemdar #280 pr: 10

1913/2

Tanin #1603 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 5,0

YTiE #726 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 2,5

İkdam #5799 pr: 10

Alemdar #340 pr: 10

1913/3

Tanin #1707 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 6,5

YTiE #867 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 6,0

İkdam #5907 pr: 10

1913/4

Peyam #3 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 6 a: 2,5

Tanin #1775 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 9,5

YTiE #951 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 13,0

İkdam #6014 pr: 10

1914/1

Tanin #1820 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 7,0

YTiE #1009 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 12,0

İkdam #6085 pr: 10

1914/2

Peyam #178 pr: 10 p: 2 c: 6 a: 0,0

Tanin #1881 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 10,5

YTiE #1080 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 12,0

İkdam #6166 pr: 10

1914/3

Tanin #2006 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 12,0

YTiE #1138 pr: 10 p: 6 c: 6 a: 10,0

İkdam #6280 pr: 10

Sabah #8965 pr: 10

1914/4

Tanin #2133 pr: 10

YTiE #1270 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 1,0

İkdam #6407 pr: 10

Sabah #9050 pr: 10

1915/1

Tanin #2204 pr: 10

YTiE #1360 pr: 10 p: 4 c: 4 a: 0,0

İkdam #6446 pr: 10

Sabah #9101 pr: 10

1915/2

Tanin #2301 pr: 10

YTiE #1440 pr: 10 p: 2 c: 6 a: 0,0

İkdam #6526 pr: 10

Sabah #9185 pr: 10

1915/3

Tanin #2358 pr: 10

YTiE #1505 pr: 10 p: 2 c: 6 a: 0,5

İkdam #6630 pr: 10

Sabah #9306 pr: 10

1915/4

Tanin #2459 pr: 10

YTiE #1629 pr: 10 p: 2 c: 4 a: 0,5

İkdam #6745 pr: 10

Sabah #9411 pr: 10

1916/1

Tanin #2542 pr: 10

YTiE #1686 pr: 10 p: 2 c: 6 a: 0,5

İkdam #6799 pr: 10

Sabah #9458 pr: 10

1916/2

Tanin #2630 pr: 10

YTiE #1772 pr: 10 p: 2 c: 6 a: 0,0

Sabah #9577 pr: 10

1916/3

Tanin #2750 pr: 10

YTiE #1823 pr: 10 p: 2 c: 6 a: 1,0

Sabah #9653 pr: 10

1916/4

Tanin #2849 pr: 10

YTiE #1950 pr: 10 p: 2 c: 6 a: 0,5

İkdam #7097 pr: 10

Sabah #9720 pr: 10

1917/1

Tanin #2929 pr: 10

YTiE #2016 pr: 10 p: 2 c: 6 a: 1,0

İkdam #7168 pr: 10

Sabah #9755 pr: 10

1917/2

Tanin #2997 pr: 10

YTiE #2103 pr: 10 p: 2 c: 6 a: 0,0

İkdam #7247 pr: 10

Sabah #9881 pr: 10

1917/3

Tanin #3133 pr: 10

YTiE #2188 pr: 10 p: 2 c: 6 a: 1,0

İkdam #7327 pr: 10

Sabah #9933 pr: 10

1917/4

Vakit #2 pr: 20 p: 2 c: 6 a: 1,5

Tanin #3225 pr: 20

YTiE #2280 pr: 20 p: 2 c: 6 a: 1,0

İkdam #7422 pr: 20

Sabah #1022 pr: 20

1918/1

Vakit #115 pr: 20 p: 2 c: 6 a: 2,0

Tanin #3274 pr: 20

YTiE #2395 pr: 40 p: 2 c: 6 a: 0,5

İkdam #7528 pr: 20

Sabah #10165 pr: 20

1918/2

Zaman #4 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 3 a: 0,5

Vakit #245 pr: 40 p: 2 c: 6 a: 2,0

YTiE #2440 pr: 40 p: 2 c: 6 a: 1,5

İkdam #7610 pr: 40

Sabah #10246 pr: 40

1918/3

Zaman #122 pr: 40 p: 4 c: 4 a: 1,5

Vakit #297 pr: 40 p: 2 c: 6 a: 2,0

Yeni Gazete #1569 pr: 40 p: 2 c: 6 a: 0,5

YTiE #2521 pr: 40 p: 2 c: 6 a: 0,5

İkdam #7694 pr: 40

Sabah #10307 pr: 40

1918/4

Serbesti #169 pr: 40 p: 2 c: 0,0/6 a: 0,0

Zaman #189 pr: 40 p: 2 c: 6 a: 1,0

Vakit #392 pr: 40 p: 2 c: 6 a: 1,5

Yeni Gazete #1658 pr: 40 p: 2 c: 6 a: 0,5

YTiE #2601 pr: 40 p: 2 c: 6 a: 0,5

İkdam #7833 pr: 40

Sabah #10419 pr: 40

1919/1

Serbesti #239 pr: 80 p: 2 c: 1,5/5 a: 1,5

Zaman #320 pr: 80 p: 2 c: 6 a: 1,5

Vakit #470 pr: 40 p: 2 c: 6 a: 0,5

Yeni Gazete #1715 pr: 80 p: 2 c: 6 a: 1,0

YTiE #2640 pr: 80 p: 2 c: 6 a: 1,5

İkdam #7925 pr: 80

Sabah #10764 pr: 80

1919/2

Serbesti #496 pr: 80 p: 2 c: 0,5/5 a: 0,5

Zaman #375 pr: 80 p: 2 c: 6 a: 1,0

Vakit #590 pr: 40 p: 2 c: 6 a: 2,0

Yeni Gazete #[1802] pr: 80 p: 2 c: 6 a: 0,5

YTiE #2748 pr: 80 p: 2 c: 6 a: 1,0

İkdam #7977 pr: 80

Sabah #10566 pr: 80

1919/3

Peyam #242 p: 2 c: 1,0/6 a: 1,0

Zaman #472 pr: 80 p: 2 c: 6 a: 1,0

Vakit #642 pr: 40 p: 2 c: 6 a: 2,0

YTiE #2838 pr: 80 p: 2 c: 6 a: 2,0

İkdam #8061 pr: 80

Alemdar #168 pr: 80

1919/4

Peyam #311 p: 4 c: 4,0/6 a: 4,0

Vakit #750 pr: 80 p: 4 c: 6 a: 3,5

YTiE #2917 pr: 80 p: 4 c: 6 a: 3,0

İkdam #8176 pr: 80

Sabah #304 pr: 80

Alemdar #373 pr: 80

1920/1

Vakit #803 pr: 80 p: 4 c: 6 a: 4,5

YTiE #2991 pr: 80 p: 2 c: 6 a: 2,0

İkdam #8263 pr: 80

Sabah #10871 pr: 80

Alemdar #422 pr: 80

1920/2

Vakit #910 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 3,0

YTiE #3026 pr: 80 p: 2 c: 6 a: 2,5

İkdam #8327 pr: 100

Sabah #10936 pr: 100

Alemdar #489 pr: 100

1920/3

Vakit #985 pr: 100 p: 2 c: 6 a: 3,0

İkdam #8398 pr: 100

Alemdar #645 pr: 100

1920/4

Vakit #1054 pr: 100 p: 2 c: 7 a: 2,0

İkdam #8498 pr: 100

Alemdar #684 pr: 100

1921/1

Vahdet #16 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 1,0/6 a: 1,0

Vakit #1124 pr: 100 p: 2 c: 7 a: 3,0

İkdam #8562 pr: 100

Sabah #11179 pr: 100

Alemdar #870 pr: 100

1921/2

Vahdet #45 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 2,0/4 a: 2,0

Vakit #1225 pr: 100 p: 2 c: 7 a: 2,5

YTiE #3029 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 4,5

İkdam #8643 pr: 100

Sabah #11267 pr: 100

Alemdar #22 pr: 100

1921/3

Vakit #[1300] pr: 100 p: 4 c: 7 a: 4,0

YTiE #3084 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 3,0

İkdam #8734 pr: 100

Sabah #11393 pr: 100

Alemdar #7 pr: 100

1921/4

Yeni Şark #4 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 3,5

Vakit #1278 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 7 a: 4,0

YTiE #3159 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 4,0

İkdam #8896 pr: 100

Sabah #11476 pr: 100

1922/1

Yeni Şark #151 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 2,0

Vakit #1456 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 7 a: 6,0

YTiE #3285 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 3,0

İkdam #8916 pr: 100

1922/2

Yeni Şark #231 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 2,5

Vakit #1590 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 7 a: 6,0

YTiE #3361 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 5,0

İkdam #9010 pr: 100

1922/3

Yeni Şark #326 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 4,5

Vakit #1661 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 7 a: 5,0

YTiE #3436 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 5,5

İkdam #9108 pr: 100

Sabah #11781 pr: 100

1922/4

Yeni Şark #388 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 3,5

Vakit #1707 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 7 a: 7,0

YTiE #3513 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 5,5

İkdam #9185 pr: 100

Sabah #11805 pr: 100

1923/1

Yeni Şark #480 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 3,0

Vakit #1807 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 7 a: 5,0

YTiE #3627 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 5,0

İkdam #9297 pr: 100

1923/2

Vakit #1930 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 7 a: 4,0

YTiE #3713 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 6,0

1923/3

Vakit #2018 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 7 a: 5,0

YTiE #3774 pr: 100 p: 4 c: 6 a: 6,0

1923/4

Vakit #2083 pr: 120 p: 4 c: 7 a: 7,0

YTiE #3888 pr: 120 p: 4 c: 6 a: 6,0

1924

Yeni Alem #5 pr: 120 p: 4 c: 2,0/7 a: 2,0

Toksöz #88 pr: 120 p: 4 c: 6 a: 2,0

Vakit #2202 pr: 120 p: 4 c: 7 a: 5,0

YTiE #4013 pr: 120 p: 6 c: 6 a: 9,0

1925

Vakit #2631 pr: 120 p: 6 c: 6 a: 14,0

YTiE #4346 pr: 120 p: 4 c: 6 a: 7,0

1926

Vakit #2947 pr: 120 p: 8 c: 7 a: 16,0

1927

Vakit #3441 pr: 200 p: 4 c: 7 a: 10,0

1928

Vakit #3753 pr: 200 p: 8 c: 7 a: 15,0

1Advertising prices were initially recorded as a fifth variable. However, shortly after the Constitutional Revolution in 1908, mastheads stopped showing the price for advertisements, most likely due to increased competition in the market and the increasing importance of advertising revenue. Consequently, this data was discarded.
2Initially a different formula was considered (prx̅/((px̅*cx̅)-ax̅)), which substracted the amount of columns dedicated to advertising (a) from the total number of columns (p*c). The rationale for this was that advertising space does not equal real content. However, because it is not known what the attitude of the Ottoman readership was towards advertisements and whether they did indeed consider advertisements as redundant as we do today or rather as an added value, the current formula was chosen.
3Eldem, Harp ve Mütareke Yıllarında Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nun Ekonomisi, 49.