Figures

  1. 1Permit applications compared to actual new publications during the press boom. Based on data from the Appendix “Permit Applications and Publications Index” 47
  2. 2Overview of permit applications submitted during the press boom per administrative district. Based on data from the Appendix “Permit Applications and Publications Index” 48
  3. 3Map depicting the intensity of the press boom over Ottoman geography. By the author, based on data from the Appendix “Permit Applications and Publications Index” 52
  4. 4Distribution of permit applicants by profession. Based on data in Appendix “Permit Applications and Publications Index” 54
  5. 5Distribution of permit applications by language. Based on data from the Appendix “Permit Applications and Publications Index” 57
  6. 6Caricature: Using the press to win elections. Kalem #2, 28 Ağustos 1324/10 September 1908, 3 63
  7. 7Caricature: The new press attacking the Hamidian press. Boşboğaz #1, 9 Recep 1326/24 Temmuz 1325 [6/08/1908], 1 66
  8. 8Caricature: Victims of the press. Karagöz #28, 4 Şevval 1326/17 Teşrinievvel 1324/30 Teşrinievvel 1908 [30/10/1908], 4 69
  9. 9Chart of the legislative evolution of the 1909 press law. By the author, based on mmzc d1s1c3; mmzc d1s1c4; mmzc d1s1c5; Düstur, ii. Tertip, Cilt 1, #108; boa i̇.dui̇t 99/3, 9 Recep 1327/14 Temmuz 1325 [27 July 1909] 81
  10. 10Caricature: Expectations of censorship. Kalem #25, 5 Şubat 1324/18 February 1909 95
  11. 11Comparison of Tanin headers with different titles. Tanin #456, 26 Zilkade 1327/26 Teşrinisani 1325/9 Kanunıevvel 1909 [9 December 1909]; Yeni Tanin #3, 14 Zilhicce 1327/14 Kanunıevvel 1325/25 Kanunıevvel 1909 [25 December 1909]; Canin #2-975, 21 Cemazeyilevvel 1329/7 Mayıs 1327/20 Mayıs 1911 [20 May 1911] 105
  12. 12Caricature: Reading Canin. Cem #37, 25 Ağustos 1328/7 September 1912, 8 107
  13. 13Caricature: Stricter press laws. Karagöz #396 11 Rebiülevvel 1330/17 Mart 1328 [30/03/1912], 1 112
  14. 14Chart of preventive censorship in Istanbul (November 1918–June 1923) 126
  15. 15Caricature: Importance of circulation figures. Cem #37, 25 Ağustos 1328/7 September 1912, 16 159
  16. 16Caricature: Demand for newspapers. Cadaloz #31, 21 Recep 1329/5 Temmuz 1327/18 Temmuz 1911 [18/07/1911], 4 164
  17. 17Annual overview of daily newspaper prices in Istanbul (1861–1923) 168
  18. 18Annual averages of the price per column for Istanbul dailies (1861–1923) 168
  19. 19Quarterly comparison of daily newspaper prices and relative market prices in Istanbul (1914–1919) 170
  20. 20Annual comparison of advertisement space in Istanbul dailies (1861–1887) 174
  21. 21Quarterly comparison of advertisement space in Istanbul dailies (1908–1923) 175
  22. 22Caricature: Newspapermen drawn to money. Boşboğaz #19, 19 Eylül 1324 [2/10/1908], 3 179
  23. 23Comparison of newspaper front page design 192
  24. 24Comparison of Yeni Gazete front page design 193
  25. 25Comparison of İkdam front page design 194
  26. 26Adoption rates for new presentation techniques among major political dailies 195
  27. 27Caricature: Reading a magazine. Boşboğaz #9, (date illegible) September 1908?, 1 199
  28. 28Caricature: Group reading in a coffee shop. Karagöz #106, 15 Recep 1327/20 Temmuz 1325/2 Ağustos 1909 [2/08/1909], 4 202
  29. 29Caricature: Reading in a coffee shop. Cem #23, 2 Nisan 1327 [15/04/1911], 1 203
  30. 30Caricature: Calling for war. Karagöz #453, 23 Şevval 1330/22 Eylül 1328 [5/10/1912], 4 214
  31. 31Caricature: The (supposed) power of the press. Kalem #16, 4 Kanunıevvel 1324/17 December 1908 218