Commonly Used Abbreviations

in The Ottoman Press (1908-1923)
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Commonly Used Abbreviations

A

Applicant(s)

AB

Albanian

AM

Armenian

AR

Arabic

ATASE

Askeri Tarih ve Stratejik Etüt Başkanlığı (Turkish Centre for Military History and Strategic Studies, Ankara)

BA

Bundesarchiv (German National Archives, Berlin)

BCA

Başbakanlık Cumhuriyet Arşivi (Prime Ministerial Archives of the Turkish Republic, Ankara)

BOA

Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivi (Prime Ministerial Archives of the Ottoman Empire, Istanbul)

BU

Bulgarian

BW

Bi-weekly (publication frequency)

D

Daily (publication frequency)

DE

German

EN

English

F

(Intended) Publication frequency

FA

Farsi

FR

French

HE

Hebrew

HTU

Hakkı Tarık Us (collection)

IT

Italian

JES

Judaeo-Spanish (Ladino)

KU

Kurdish

L

(Intended) Language(s)

M

Monthly (publication frequency)

MMZC

Meclis-i Mebusan Zabıt Ceridesi (Minutes of the Ottoman Chamber of Deputies)

NL-HaNA

Nationaal Archief (Dutch National Archives, The Hague)

RMM

Revue du Monde Musulman

TBMMZC

Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi Zabıt Ceridesi (Minutes of the Turkish Grand National Assembly)

O

Applicant occupation

OT

Other language

P.S.

Permit application result status

RO

Romanian

RU

Russian

RCiH

Ruzname-i Ceride-i Havadis

S

Source(s)

SEK

Serbo-Croatian

TıH

Tercüman-ı Hakikat

TiE

Tasvir-i Efkar

TiV

Takvim-i Vekayi

TNA

The National Archives (British National Archives, London)

TR

Turkish

TRAMS

Turkish in Armenian script

TRGRS

Turkish in Greek script

TRHES

Turkish in Hebrew script

TW

Twice-weekly (publication frequency)

W

Weekly (publication frequency)

YTiE

Yeni Tasvir-i Efkar