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IndexAgence Nationale de Mise en Valeur et d’Exploitation du Patrimoine (ANMVEP) creation 113 management of museums 133135 147 205 and merchandising 139 213Amazigh culture 204 See also BerberAnthropology and decolonisation 9799 fieldwork 6669 and heritage 16 6366 116120 208 214215 indigenous 6567 rejection in Tunisia 12 6364Arab identity 75 86 107 114116 125 149 154156 203 206 212 League 110 113 116 Marxism 98 Nationalism 108 116 socialism 15 61 85 116 200 sociology 9899Arabic 87 93 98 137 175Art and authenticity 137 139140 arts and crafts movement 33 decorative 3233 51 Islamic 28 and Orientalism 3134 50 141143 et traditions populaires 6061 114115 Tunisian 3945 5354Artisanship as art 26 76 144 and authenticity 35 39 collecting 40 and decay 3233 39 education 35 3944 143 and medina 45 Museum, The 143146 in museum 38 138 143146 169171 renovation in France 3334 renovation in North Africa 3236 3945 and tourism 138140Association pour la Sauvegarde de la Medina (ASM) 110 134 188Association pour la Sauvegarde de l’Ile de Djerba (ASSIDJE) 208Authenticity and ethnographic museum 192196 and reproduction 140141Azem Palace 81Bardo Museum (Allaoui Museum) attack 12 212214 after independence 60 7172 83 and the Nobel Prize 212213 during the Protectorate 2829 events and activities 138 148149 196 recent renovation 125 198Ben Ali, Zine El Abidine patrimonialisation 112113 presidency 110111Ben Younes, Habib 118119 122 125 128 130 135 137 143144 148 205206Berber Arabisation 87 as a category 37 40 47 51 75 126 in museums 85 87 identity 16 89 152 154 see also AmazighBourdieu, Pierre capital 140 field 21 162 heteronomous forces 108 139Bourguiba, Habib and the economy 133 137; and independence 59 and nation-building 8 15 76 83 8687 112 114115 154 200 and modernisation 63 109110; and Islam 203 and westernisation 203 in museum 89 179Cahiers des Arts et Techniques d’Afrique du Nord 19 41Cahiers des Arts et Traditions Populaires 19 101Cambon, Jules 3233Centre des Arts Tunisiens 4245Centre des Arts et Traditions Populaires (CATP) creation 5759 6263 demise 104 117 funding 96 name 101102Centre d’Études et de Recherches Économiques et Sociales (CERES) 63Clifford, James 3 65 67 76 144 151 155 211Daoulatli, Abdelaziz 110 114Dar Batha (Morocco) 36Dar Ben Abdallah before independence 186187 and the CATP 143 186188 recent refurbishment 188192Dar Hadad 17 141Dar Hassine Alani (musée-maison) 180184Dar Jallouli in Sfax 74 85 in Tunis 178 179Dar Monastiri 4546De Certeau, Michel 102 214Département de la Division Muséographique (DDM) 18 114 117119 143 205Le Diwan 141143Djerba Heritage 169174Duvignaud, Jean 63École des Arts Indigènes (Morocco) 37École des Métiers d’Arts (Tunis) 118 191Ecomuseum 116117 134 151Essebsi, Beji 12Fantar, Mohammed 109 113 118Ferchiou, Sophie 61 64 90 99100 103 188Folklore (vernacular culture, popular culture) in Europe 6 1213 in MENA 7-9, 12-13, 61-62 and ideology 6162 8587 unity in diversity 8385Folklorisation 13 102 122 153 167168 172 175 209Foucault, Michel governmentality 2 14 52 heterotopia 3 144145Gargouri-Sethom, Samira 6669 71 77 9293 96 104 117 120 174Gau, Emile 32 39Gauckler, Paul 28Ghettat, Hayet 192193Ghriba, La 113 207Goffman, Erving 11 107108 212Golvin, Lucien 36 40 ;63 101Hamzaoui, Sonia 147 167 191202 206207 215Heritage and authenticity 116 decolonisation 62 and fundamentalism 206208 and social development 110113 see also PatrimoineIbadism 155 208Ibn Khaldoun 87 101International Council of Museums (ICOM) 108 119 121 150 166Institut des Belles Lettres Arabes (IBLA) 63Institut National du Patrimoine (INP) 114115 118 126 149 165166 205Institut National d’Art et d’Archéologie (INAA) 6061 109Institut Supérieur des Métiers de Patrimoine 118 Islam and national identity 7 12 16 154155 206 212 in museums 8587 214 radicalism 206207 See also MuslimIslamic Education, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (ISESCO) 113Judaism and antisemitism 207 and pilgrimage (al-Ghriba) 113 207 in Tunisian museums 8788 148 152155 204 214Kazdaghli, Habib 215Khaznadar, Muhammad 27Klibi, Chedli 62 88Ksar al-Said 121 144 149Lalla Hadria 169 171Larguèche, Abdelhamid 153154Maghreb 86 98Masmudi, Mohammad 65 74 153 187Mauss, Marcel 64 77 88 101Mediterranean 16 112114 154 173 194 200202Medina modernisation 8991 110 and consumption 137 139143 173 and tradition 9293Melliti, Imed 153154 214Memory 61 89 109 114115 154155 173 179 201 213Merlin, Alfred 28 88Mimicry 34Ministry of Culture 8 62 70 113 148 149 198 205Mosques 207208Musée des Arts et Traditions Populaires de Djerba foundation 74 renovation 125132Musée des Civilisations d’Europe et de la Méditerranée (MUCEM) 192194 200202Musée de Guellala 174178Musée de l’Homme 51 66Musée du Kef 74 80 85 87 117 192Musée de Kesra 117 138 147 149150 192 195196Musée de Mahdia 117 121123 129 192Musée de Moknine 74 117 134 138 148 192Musée des Oudayas 3637Musée du Quai Branly 153 194Musée du Sahara de Douz 123 152Musée de Sfax 28 45 58 74 79 85 87 89 125 149 see also Dar Jallouli Musée du Trocadéro 51 80Museum(s) architecture 120122 147 156 161 174175 192 212 and artisanship 137146 and authenticity 52 140147 166169 173174 and community-building 13 21 71 108 146157 195 199 and class 8889 in the colonies 2526 and conservation 120122 as contact zones 34 151 and decolonisation 20 96 153 195 and democracy 212215 and ethnographisation 7582 funding in Tunisia 204206 as mediation sites 27 215 211 and modernity 6 1315 8993 58 157 211 and nostalgia 15 9192 177178 197 and pluralism 10 16 206 postcolonial 810 5758; private 5 8 21 108 122 157 162 165169 215 and consumerism 142 186 as social agent 108 135 146151 195 and technology 5 119 132 197 212 and visitors 1819 119120 westernisation 100 209 see also ScenographyMuslim antiquities and art 28 36 68 law 30Office National de l’Artisanat Tunisien (ONAT) 60 139 143 See also ArtisanshipOffice des Arts Tunisien (OAT) demise 60 foundation 4041Panarabism 8687 98 203Patrimoine code du 114115 ethnographic 115116 as a field of study 117 See also heritageRepublicanism 56 68 85 155 204 211214Revault, Jacques as director of the OAT 4050 work after independence 71 73 76 187 as a reference for Tunisian researchers 97 101Revolution Jasmin 15 20 203 and museum 204207 212 Museum of the, 71 and minority culture 202204Ricard, Prosper 3637Rivet, Paul 101Rivière, Georges-Henri 12 6061 81 88 151 168Scenography Boite noir 81 123 in context and in-situ 5 7880 121122 mannequins 48 7881 92 96 122 196197 Service des Antiquités et des Arts 28Service des Arts Indigènes 36 40Skhiri, Fethia 94103 167 198Tourism and artisanship 138140 and colonialism 50 52 and museum 1 6 21 84 104 111 115118 125 133137 201tradition and modernity 1315United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) 108111 115116Valensi, Lucette 63World Fair 28 32 50 79