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  • Wedeen, Lisa. Ambiguities of Denomination: Politics, Rhetoric, and Symbols in Contemporary Syria. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

  • Young, Douglas C. “Preachers and Poets: The Popular Sermon in the Andalusī Maqāma.” Journal of Arabic Literature 34, no. 1/2 (2003): 190–205.

  • Young, Douglas C. Rogues and Genres: Generic Transformation in the Spanish Picaresque and Arabic Maqāma. Newark, DE: Juan de la Cuesta, Hispanic Monographs, 2004.

  • Zakzouk (Zaqzūq), Mahmoud Hamdi. “Kalimat al-Ifitāḥiyyah.” In Tajdīd al-khiṭāb al-dīnī: Ḥalqah niqāshiyyah ḥawl kitāb Dalīl al-imām ilā tajdīd al-khiṭāb al-dīnī, edited by S. ʿAbd al-Jalīl, 3–10. Cairo: Wizārat al-Awqāf, Qaḍāyā Islāmiyyah series, no. 160, 2008.

  • al-Zanjānī, Mūsā. Madīnat al-balāghah fī khuṭab al-nabī (ṣ) wa-kutubihi wa-mawāʿiẓihi wa-waṣāyāhu wa-ḥtijājātihi wa-adʿiyatihi wa-qiṣār kalimātihi. 2 vols. Tehran: Manshūrāt al-Kaʿbah, 1405/1985.

  • Zeghal, Malika. Gardiens de l’ Islam: Les oulémas d’ Al Azhar dans l’ Egypte contemporaine. Paris: Presses de la Fondation nationale des sciences politiques, 1996.

  • Zeghal, Malika. Islamism in Morocco: Religion, Authoritarianism, and Electoral Politics. Translated by G. Holoch. Princeton: Markus Wiener, 2008.

  • Zwettler, Michael. The Oral Tradition of Classical Arabic Poetry. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1978.

Online Databases

  • al-eman.com. Hadith search engine.

  • altafsir.com. Qurʾan concordance and exegetical works.

  • alwaraq.net. Al-Warrāq. Arabic primary texts search engine.

  • baheth.info. Al-Bāḥith al-ʿArabī. Arabic lexicons search engine, including Ibn Manẓūr’s Lisān al-ʿArab.

  • Digital Archive for the Study of pre-Islamic Arabian Inscriptions (DASI): dasi.humnet

  • dorar.net. Sermon texts.

  • ejtaal.net. Arabic lexicons search engine, including Lane’s Lexicon and Ibn Manẓūr’s Lisān al-ʿArab.

  • ḥadīth.al-islam.com. Hadith search engine.

  • Islamiccity.com. Sermon texts.

  • islamiclibrary.wordpress.com. Shamela. Arabic primary texts search engine.

  • islamic-books.org. Rawḍat al-bāḥith, Arabic primary texts search engine.

  • Islamway.com. Sermon texts.

  • library.islamweb.net. Hadith search engine.

  • Online Corpus of the Inscriptions of Ancient North Arabia (OCIANA): http://krc2.orient.ox.ac.uk/ociana/

  • Thesaurus d’ epigraphie islamique: epigraphie-islamique.org

  • waqfeya.com. Arabic primary texts search engine.

Websites of Institutions

  • Al-Azhar University Islamic Dawa College: http://islamicdawa.com/ (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Fatih Müftülüğü, Istanbul: http://istanbul.diyanet.gov.tr/fatih/Sayfalar/home.aspx (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Imamhatipliyim, Turkey: http://www.imamhatipliyim.com/hutbe-dualari.html (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • İslam Araştırmaları Merkezi (ISAM), Istanbul: www.Isam.org.tr (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Istanbul Beyoğlu District Imam-Hatip schools: http://www.beyogluanadoluihl.k12.tr/?section=hutbeyarisma (accessed October 14, 2018).

  • Ministry of Religious Endowments (Wizārat al-Awqāf), Egypt: ar.awkafonline.com (accessed October 25, 2018).

  • Sultanahmet Mosque (Blue Mosque), Istanbul: http://www.sultanahmetcami.org/emrullah-hatipoglu_h80.html (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Turkish Diyanet Ministry (Diyanet İşleri Başkanlığı): www.diyanet.gov.tr (accessed August 16, 2017).

YouTube Videos of Sermons and Speeches

  • Abdul Baqi. Friday sermon in Fountain University in Osogbo, Nigeria. September 26, 2014. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=xTjQrT7YkhM (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Abdul Mannan, Muhammed. Friday sermon in Hibatul Jabbar Mosque, Hyderabad, India. December 27, 2013. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=ToDSbfqLbF8 (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Abdul Mannan, Muhammed. Friday sermon in Hibatul Jabbar Mosque, Hyderabad, India. November 3, 2013. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=iXWAo0QJgCc (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • al-Baghdadi, Abu Bakr. Friday sermon in Nuri Mosque, Mosul, Iraq. June 2014. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=dIRf0EJuPak (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Anon. Indian preacher. Friday sermon in unnamed location. Feb 21, 2017. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=RphOs6rzl0s (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Anon. Indian preacher. Friday sermon in unnamed location. January 16, 2011. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=2v8iQ_G1RaU (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Anon. Turkish preachers. The Prophet Muḥammad’s farewell sermon (Turkish: veda hutbesi), Arabic-Turkish recital, June 16, 2016 https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=s62Q4Idcsrg (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Auda, Jasser. Friday sermon in State Hospital Central Mosque, Lagos, Nigeria. April 7, 2017. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=dqptBRbtyCU (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Ay, Mehmet Emin. Eid sermon in Grand Mosque, Bursa, Turkey. August 8, 2013. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=zVVmnlr_VRw (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Badrani, Abdul Munim. Friday sermon in open air rally, Ramadi, Iraq. February 22, 2013. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=MjwA_9UTz6g (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Coşar, İsmail. Friday sermon in Kocatepe Mosque, Ankara, Turkey. December 24, 2012. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=NG1kWpTvNOI (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Deobandhi, Affan. Friday sermon in Rasheed Mosque, Darul Ulum, Deobandh, India. August 3, 2016. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=hYr4H3M083o (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Fashola, Mashood Adenrela. Friday sermon in Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaʾat Lagos State Secretariat Mosque, Alausa, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria. September 7, 2013, https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=fwkABA54ycE (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Ghunaym, Wagdi. Friday sermon in Lakhmī Mosque, Sfax, Tunisia. February 17, 2012. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=W4Vf9y7p6Ps (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Gomaa, Mohamed. Friday sermon in Ḥusayn Mosque, Cairo, Egypt. June 2, 2017. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=_U4zqESpnUI (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Görmez, Mehmet. Friday sermon in Dicle University Mosque, Diyarbakir, Turkey. April 10, 2012. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=DRjPUfbDxxY (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Görmez, Mehmet. Friday sermon in Selimiye Mosque, Edirne, Turkey. January 16, 2015. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=412003Bce2Y (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Hafiz Abdul Qadir. India, Friday sermon in unnamed location. February 22, 2016. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=xFbIkepyUoY (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Hamami, Hasan. Friday sermon in Anṣar al-Mahdī Seminary, Najaf, Iraq. April 4, 2014. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=9_IwVny9euk (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Hamami, Hasan. Friday sermon in Anṣar al-Mahdī Seminary, Najaf, Iraq. August 1, 2014. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=zxye1zbeWX8 (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Hashem, Ahmad Omar. Friday sermon in al-Azhar Mosque, Cairo, Egypt. February 24, 2017. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=XaCGc8T-CDg (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Hassan, Muhammad. Eid sermon in Mansoura, Egypt. February 9, 1997. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=sC5F-1dXMSk (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Hassan, Muhammad. Friday sermon in Mansoura, Egypt. May 24, 2013. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=kI420UZYExg, (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Hassan, Muhammad. Friday sermon, in Mansoura, Egypt. February 8, 2013. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4LlMA1zQ1cQ (accessed August 17, 2017). Heweny, Abu Ishaq, Friday sermon, December 9, 2009 https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=xh27hdpDIDY (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Husain, Alamdar. Friday sermon in Al Mahdi Center, Shia Jama Masjid, Kanpur, India. June 20, 2016. https://wn.com/khutba_e_juma_by_molana_rai_zafar_ali_1_22_2016 (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Karbalai, Abdul Mahdi. Friday sermon in shrine of Ḥusayn, Karbala, Iraq. July 28, 2017. https://alkafeel.net/videos/watch?key=31dfc5e3 (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Khaled, Amr. Friday sermon in Ṣāliḥ Mosque, Sanaa, Yemen. December 12, 2010. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=fCS9OBfE4_4 (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Najafi, Muhammad Hussain. Friday sermon in unnamed location. August 26, 2011. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=wtYl-If5SPM (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Nasrallah, Hasan. International Jerusalem Day speech. Beirut(?), Lebanon. June 23, 2017. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=_f7d19N5IBA (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Nasrallah, Hasan. July War anniversary speech. Beirut(?), Lebanon. July 18, 2012. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=mQzF6nnfcMk (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Nasser, Gamal Abdel. Speech, Cairo, Egypt. December 23, 1962. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=SmbU6UJ9y3w (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Sadr, Muqtada. Friday sermon in Kufa Mosque, Najaf, Iraq. December 11, 2015. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=FsZfvs5qqpQ (accessed October 15, 2018).

  • Sadr, Muqtada. Friday sermon in Kufa Mosque. Najaf, Iraq. September 23, 2016. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=aV_mSwOaK-A (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Sudais, Abd al Rahman. Friday sermon in Grand Mosque, Mecca, Saudi Arabia. March 30, 2013. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=sD39aCDCNqs (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Sudais, Abd al Rahman. Friday sermon in Rasheed Mosque, Darul Ulum, Deobandh, India. June 2011. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=HPYjW8J7beg (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Uqayli, Nazim. Friday sermon in Anṣar al-Mahdī Seminary, Najaf, Iraq. October 16, 2015. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=pEnvpqGA3_E (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Uthaymeen, Muhammad Salih. Friday sermon in unnamed location. February 1, 2014. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=5MxBmvJyos8 (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Uthaymeen, Muhammad Salih. Friday sermon in unnamed location. November 27, 2013. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=bjdgOqbRtEw (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Waeli, Ahmad. Lecture on ʿAlī’s Shiqshiqiyyah oration in unnamed location in Iraq. Apr 11, 2011. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=LbuOyG93Tk8 (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Yaqub, Muhammad Husayn. Friday sermon in unnamed location. January 26, 2011. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=HW1TXNt21iw (accessed August 16, 2017).

  • Yildirim, Ibrahim. Friday sermon in Kocamustafapaşa Sümbül Efendi Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey. September 16, 2010. https://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=BRAK3qJJnCU (accessed August 16, 2017).