IndexAdorno, Theodor32Ahn, Sŏkju (Ahn Sŏggyŏng)141, 156–157Allen, Joseph66, 94Alley20, 51, 53–54, 94, 94n74, 122, 167, 169Althusser, Louis145Anderson, Benedict68, 70n25Architecturedescriptions of Department store111, 107, 113and Meiji period102and Tokyo42, 54and Seoul65, 107, 107and Taipei65, 113, 115, 172Western style35, 57during Colonial period177Appadurai, Arjun97–98, 98n7Apter, Emily8Baihua63–64, 63n11, 71–72Banka35Barclay, Thomas73, 73n35Barlow, Tani18–19Barthes, Roland153–154Benjamin, Walter28, 79, 88, 96, 99, 136Bhabha, Homi39–40Ambivalence40BilingualismColonial writers94Korean newspapers69n23Taiwanese publications34, 72Bishop, Isabella Bird132–133Bourdieu, Pierre97Bradbury, Malcolm16Brecht, Bertolt88Epic theater88Breton, André89Bunmei kaika (Civilization and Enlightenment)18Bunmei seiji (Military rule)70Butler, Judith145, 147Butter120–121, 124butterine (margarine)121–122“buttery scent”121and new126as symbol of luxury122, 126Chen, Chien-chung116, 117Chen, Fangming50, 116Chiang, Ching-kuo172Chiang, Kai-shek172, 175Chidao bao (Equator)127Chinese cultural heritage18n48Ching, Leo6n17Chogwang (Korea Light)138Choi, Kyeong-hee167Ch’ŏndogyo77n41, 138Chŏnggye stream35, 133Chongnointersection1, 110street112–113, 113n46, 125Chosŏn dynasty14, 32, 35, 63, 67, 133Chu, Sigyŏng63, 137Circle of Nine (Kuinhoe)37, 37n14, 81, 82Circulationaround the city3capitalist24, 99of global commodities, things97, 100, 120, 126of language66, 80of modernity24of subjectivities100in magazine136–137, 140in department store115, 117images of Modern Girl164transregional7City15–17as generative16as theater133contemporary conditions of Seoul and Taipei27, 165, 171planning or urban planning65, 66, 94, 177literature (dushi wenxue)50, 50n56, 124Colonialismand collaborator26, 62, 74, 109n36, 154and modernity18–20, 120, 130, 167Comics135Japanese155–157narrative comics (manmun manhwa)28, 141, 141n21, 156–161political134of Modern Girl and New Woman156–164or lumpen161–164Commodification97, 98Marxist process28, 99, 101–102, 116Marxist fetishization128language66, 121, 149gender124, 164Commodityas novelty97, 131luxury115, 121culture98, 116, 131Western126Comparisonas methodology8–12, 21Consumerism123male consumer128female consumer154Contact zone10Cosmopolitanism23, 102, 107, 115Creolization27, 65, 95, 98Crisis of representation94Cultural biography120, 126Cultural politics100, 129Cultural production15, 20–24, 33, 61, 100, 166, 175Dadaocheng35Danshui (Tamsui) River35Debord, Guy101De Certeau, Michel31pedestrian speech acts66, 94Demilitarized Zone168Democratic Progressive Party (DDP) of Taiwan172Deleuze, Gilles9Department stores28, 96–101, 117, 122, 130–131and class102, 117and modern practices108, 111, 115as index of modernity99, 102–103as phantasmagoria99“department store culture”96–97, 101history of103–104in the West99, 104in Tokyo33, 102–103in Taipei and Taian113–115, 127, 129, 172Kikumotoin Seoul106–107, 109, 111–113, 125, 133Hwashin and Mitsukoshirepresentations in literature42, 116, 120–121Doka (assimilation)23n59, 74Dual structure urban planning35Eagleton, Terry131Enomoto, Masao161-Works “Love of Kankan Hat”161–163Errantry6–7, 57Essayas genre26, 32–33and Yi Sang41–47, 56–57and Weng Nao49–57travel narrativeEthnic consciousness54Even-Zohar Itamar60Fashionidea of self-fashioning28, 99, 115, 125–126, 128, 147Western128, 135, 147, 147n29, 148, 150wearing han’bok142, 149wearing kimono146, 148, 149wearing qipao150wearing bendaofu150and discourses of modernity75, 90, 111, 130, 148–150, 158, 161February 28 (228 Massacre)175Fellow Traveler117, 119, 119n58, 126Fengsu (cultural studies)19Fengyue bao (Current News)139Ferguson, James13Friedman, Susan Stanford20Furen to jiating/ Fujin to katei (Woman and Home)134, 139Futei senjin (insubordinate)39Fukoku kyōhei (rich country, strong military)18Fukuzawa, Yukichi68Genbun itchi (unification of writing and speech)63n11Geomodernisms26Ginza33, 42, 54,106, 108, 135Glissant, Éduard2n7, 3, 6–7, 9, 27, 57, 65, 98Government General of Korea (GGK) Building66, 107, 178Government General of Taiwan (GGT)15, 72, 72n31Building178Great Kantō Earthquake33, 51Greater East Asian Co-prosperity Sphere18Global modernism7Global modernity20Gupta, Akhil13Hall, Stuart165Hairstylebobbed hair136, 142, 153, 157–158, 160n55, 166Taiwanese male129critique through comics157–158, 158fig. 11, 160Han River169Han’gŭl63and han’gŭlization63n11, 68–70and literacy73in newspapers70n26in women’s magazines137Hanscom, Christopher2, 2n6, 94Hashiya, Hiroshi3Hayashi, Houichi115Hayashi Department Store115, 115n49Henry, Todd66, 94Hokkaido54–55Hongshui bao (Floodwaters)126Honmachi (Ponjŏng)58, 59fig. 2, 106, 108Hsu, Jen-yi170Hu, Shi63, 71Huang, Shihui73Hunmin chŏngŭm63Hwashin Department Store3, 99, 109n38as modernist text103, 109, 112and nationalism109architecture109–111advertisement112fig. 4and urban modernity115services111Hyŏnjo-dong167, 167n9, 169Identityassociation with “things”97, 102, 130colonial5–7, 49, 55, 126, 147ethnic142, 146, 150, 153, 170, 17–175gender129, 134, 136, 140, 145, 160, 167performative145, 147, 150, 157politics in divided nation173–174relational9, 15unstable123, 171, 174urban28, 54, 102, 123–125, 130, 161n58Im, Hwa22n57Imagism87ImmigrationKoreans in Japan34Taiwanese in Japan34Imperial formation165Intracolonial7Intraregional7, 15, 67, 74, 177–178Jacobs, Allan94Jacobs, Jane94n75Japanese settlersin the colonies35, 106, 108n35, 113Juancun (soliders’ village)172, 173Jay, Martin135Kaesŏng166Kanghwa Treaty67Keijō(Kyŏngsong and Seoul)Kikumoto Department Store99, 103architecture113, 114fig. 5history of113, 113n47representations in literature129Kim, Kirim17, 22n57, 27, 62, 80–88, 139criticism of83loanwords in poetry85–88, 95-Works: “Holding a Coffee Cup”84–85;“Grocery Store”85–88Kim, Hwallan160Kim, PaekyŏngKim, Yujŏng48, 138, 8Kim, Yunsik1, 1n4, 10n13, 43, 47, 117n53Kisaeng160n57Kobayashi, Hideo33Kōenji51–53Kohyŏnhak (Modernology)1, 133Kokugo (national language)27, 62, 63Kominka movement12n35, 16n39, 57, 74, 146Kon, Wajirō135Kopytoff, Igor98n7Korean Artista Proletariat Federation (KAPF)57, 99, 117n53, 118n57Korean War14, 169Kuomintang KMT14, 64, 170n14, 172Kyŏngbok Palace35Kyoto4, 35, 170Lai, He72Languageand identity65and community65assimilation74disavowing6interactive and social60–61, 66Japan language15, 26n64, 27, 58, 62, 73, 74, 94, 171Korean language history and reform62–63, 68–70, 74making of65Mandarin64, 72, 175materially inflected77–79museumization of46notions of national language62–64, 175standardization of62Taiwanese language history, reform, vernacularization6, 27, 64, 68, 70–73relationship to the city5, 61, 95polylingualismLeftist literature28, 57, 85, 94, 122contradictions within122in Taiwanese literature126, 130modes of criticism100suppression of99, 117KAPFLe Moulin82, 89Leiris, Michel46Lefebvre, Henri17, 52, 102Linguistics58relations61and modernity64, 74and fragments65and nationalism68Lippit, Seiji24n61Liu, Lydia60, 80Liu, Na’ou22n57Lumpenproletariat77, 79, 129, 161–162Lu, Xun71March 1, 1919 Independence Movement68, 71n30, 138Martial lawunder177post-martial law era29, 165, 170Marx, Karl28, 101Marxist criticism116Masquerade145–146ethnic masquerade in Taiwan147, 174Mass media11, 96, 134, 147, 154May Fourth Movement68, 71, 71n3Megacity177–178Meiji Restoration24, 36Melas, Natalie9Military dictatorship173Mingyue (Tomorrow)126Mitsui, Takatoshi103Mituskoshi Department Store99, 102architecture107, 111history of103–5magazine102n17, 105n28in colonial Kyŏngsŏng106–108, 110, 112Modern Boy (Mobo)36, 75, 76, 99, 129Modern Girl (Moga)28–29, 36, 75, 76, 85, 89, 99, 123, 125, 133, 135, 136, 146, 148, 153–154in narrative comics157–160, 161–162Modernism116characteristic of2n6, 16, 23definitions of20–23Kim Kirim as representative author of83Korean and Taiwan modernism21–22, 57, 125popular definition78, 80relation to modernity23–24, 32relationship to realism and leftism116–118translation75–76visual136Weng Nao as representative author of39, 50Yi Sang as representative author of37–38Modernity12capitalist29, 118colonial18–19, 24, 83, 130, 167consumer99–100critique of23, 32, 118n56, 131culture of7, 176definitions of20–22global13, 36, 171hypermodernity120Japanese mediated24, 149literary24material signs of66, 76, 80, 127 130, 135words75urban16, 19–20, 23, 31, 40, 60, 65, 95, 103, 108, 116, 124, 133, 176visual133, 135, 140Western149department store as index of modernitygenderMoretti, Franco25Mumford, Lewis133Naming practices160–161, 161n58Native Soil (K. hyangt’o; C. xiangtu) writer118, 118n56Neo-sensationalist (Shin kankakuha)37, 39New Literature Movement Taiwan72New Modernist Studies21New woman28–29, 133, 153–154, 166narrative comics157critiques of158–159historical figures163, 168Nomadism1, 52, 79Nostalgia45, 171Novelmodern25, 117, 131Orphan of Asia3–5Osborne, Peter23Pak, Hŭngsik109, 109n36Pak, Kiryong110, 110n42Pak, T’aewŏn1, 80, 138, 139-Works: Day in a Life of Kubo the Novelist1–3Pak, Wansŏ29, 165-Works: Mother’s Stake 166–169P’anjach’on (Shanty town)173Park, Sunyoung100Peasant (nongch’on) literature118n56Peng, Hsiao-yen22n57, 170Phantasmagoria99Poetic of relations3, 9Polylingualism58, 64, 69, 74, 80, 82Polysystem60Polyvocalism6–7, 82Populationof Koreans in Japan34of Taiwanese in Japan34of Seoul35, 35n11of Taipei35, 35n12of Japanese settlers in Korea106, 108n35growth of Seoul and Taipei173, 178Tokyo33Postcolonial7, 29, 165Postcolonial myth11, 15Primitivism45–46Proletarian cultural and literary movement22, 117–118literature in Taiwan116, 124, 126, 129, 130leftist literature and KAPFPungsok (cultural studies)19Qing dynasty14Readershipfemale readers140, 149n35, 152ideal154as witness173Realism21–22, 50, 116capitalist realism155photographic realism155realist literature and writers94, 117Relational26, 98comparison9Ri, Koran (Li Xianglan/ Yamaguchi Yoshiko)146, 146n27Russo-Japanese War18, 68San liu jiu xiaobao (369 Tabloid)139Sakechō (Sakaemachi)58–59Scruggs, Bert54, 100Shi, Shu60Shigeta, Eiji113Shih, Shu-mei9Shitamachi51Shōwa era33Silverberg, Miriam155Sino-Japanese War18, 67Sin yŏsŏng76, 83, 124, 134, 138, 141, 148Socialismsocialist movement125socialist Realism117, 122Soja, Edward52Sotofuku buildings35Spacepolymorphous50, 53social space17, 39, 140spatial practice17, 53, 102, 125, 171of consumption124, 129Stoler, Ann165Storii manga (comic story)156n51Street15, 27, 94and women132and names colonial period names171as pedestrian acts94Tokyo52street signs in colonies60, 65grid system in Seoul and Taipei66, 94Subjectivity100colonized130fashion147female123, 135, 164Surrealism89Tainan35, 53–54, 81, 115representation in poetry91–93Taishō chic33Taiwan huawen yundong (written Taiwanese movement)73Taiwan bungei (Taiwan Literary Arts)37Taiwan Furen Jie (Taiwan Woman’s World)134, 139, 151–153Taiwan Qingnian (Taiwan Youth)72Taiwan wenyi lianmeng (Taiwan Culture Circle or Taiwan Literature and Arts Research Association)37, 99Tang, Na22n57Tendency literature (kyŏnghyangp’a munhak)118n57Thingsin motion98social life of98, 129, 130Western120commoditiesThirdspace51, 89Thornber, Karen10Tongnip sinmun (The Independent)68–70Bilingual edition69Transculturation10Translation8, 60, 62, 64, 66, 76n40theory of Walter Benjamin136Translingual60, 64Transnationalism000Travel narrative26, 31, 39–40, 55–57, 132, 173essaysTreat, John62Treaty of Shimonoseki67Tributary state67Triple consciousness6, 6n17Tu, Kuo-ch’ing38n16, 50Urban developmentacceleration170, 174, 176demolition168, 172, 173morphology15, 65topography20Voloshinov, V.N.60–61, 76, 149Waishengren170Walking66, 173Wang, Shilang98, 100, 118, 126–130-Works: “Intersection”127–130Weinbaum, Alys146Wenyan63, 72Weng, Nao26,31, 37, 39, 40 49–57language61-Works: “The Flâneur of Tokyo Streets”51–53;“Remaining Snow”53–56;“Poor Old Rui”50–51White Terror Period175Williams, Raymond16, 41, 45-Work: The Country and the City16Wŏlbuk1n1Women’s magazine28, 134, 136history of Korean women’s magazine137–139history of Taiwanese women’s magazines139–140cover art140–142, 143–144, 147–148, 152–154Wu, Zhuoliu3–4, 4n10, 147-Work: “The Doctor’s Mother”147Wuren bao (Trooper)126Yamanote51Yanabu, Akira76, 76n40Yang, Chichang27, 62, 80–82, 89–95foreign words90–91surrealism89-Works: “Rouge and Lips”89–90;“Ruined City”91–93Yang, Kui126–127Yi, Chaesŏn116Yi, Hyosŏk98, 100, 118–126, 139-Works Julia118–126, 131, 160;“The City and its Ghost”119Yi, Kwangsu62, 139, 160n57Yi, Sang26, 31, 36–38, 41–49, 103Architecture degree37language61arrest and death49-Works “Tokyo”38, 41;“Wings”41, 138;“Ennui”42–45, 49;“Lost Flowers”47–49Yi, T’aejun32Yŏsŏng134, 141, 143–144, 148Zhang, Wojun72Zhu, Tienxin29, 165-Work: The Old Capital170–173
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