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IndexAdams, Alison 138Aelst, Pieter Coecke van 63 6667 70 94 177Aertsen, Pieter 22n10, 77, 108, 174–75, 211 = Market Scene with Christ and the Adulterous Woman (Frankfurt) 153 155 174 176 17879 183 Market Scene with Christ and the Adulterous Woman (Stockholm) 153 156 17779 179 183 Christ in the House of Martha and Mary (Rotterdam) 119 174 175 195 Christ in the House of Martha and Mary (Vienna) 195 196 Meat Stall (Raleigh) 24 56 123 123 124 Agape 41 123 Alba, Duke Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel 4 15 23 52 94 147Alberti, Leon Battista 33 34 48 12627 161 164 165Amstel, Jan van Procession to Calvary 108 125Andersson, Christiane 177Antiphilus 163 169Antwerp 19 12 1517 23 2427 29 3138 40 40 42 45 4857 5964 6869 71 7378 8092 9798 100 102 103108 11118 121 123 12833 137 139 14042 14749 157 173 174 179 180 182 187 204 206 212 214 215 Berchem 33 53 140 Grote Markt 26 57 5960 64 69 71 130 Guild of Saint Luke (see also: Violieren)  Guild of Saint Martin 78 Hessenhuis 26 Leikwartier 2 33 35 55 Maagdenhuis 56 83 83 Margravelei 69 Meir 26 79 Mint 48 5254 13940 Nieuwe Beurs (New Exchange) 3 26 Oosterlingehuis 26 Stadhuis (City Hall) 3 2627 5960 69 Stadswaag 55 Tapissierspand 55 76 79 ’t Goed ter Beken (The Estate by the Stream) 16 32 5254 212 Violieren 7 61 100 130 182 200 Vrijdagmarkt 55 7879 Wilrijk 33 53Apelles of Kos 46 50 16165 16869 208 210Apostelspelen (Apostle Plays) 7 100 182Aquinas, Thomas 169Arras 63 181Ars moriendi 13 187 19394 196202 204 215Augustine 25 91 96Axel, Gabriel 21314 214 Beeringen, Hendrik van 7677 79Benedictus, Renatus 183 183Berchem, Hendrik van 34Berghe, Jan van den 125Beuckelaer, Joachim 22 77 175Bijns, Anna 114 114 114 15859 Bles, Herri met de 94 96 108 122Blijde Inkomst (Joyous Entry; Joyeuse Entrée) 6364 113 Antwerp 1549 6471 Boge, Margareta 140Borghini, Raffaello 36Bosch, Hieronymus 96 209Bosch, Hieronymus (follower of) Christ and the Woman Taken in Adultery Botticelli, Sandro Calumny of Apelles 163Botzheim, Johann von (Abstemius) 48 11719 Bouchout, Niclaes van 139Brabant 34 21 23 27 5153 57 61 69 82 122 173Bredesteyn, Michiel van 74 74 75 98Brenz, Johannes 205Broeke, Willem van den 26Bruegel, Pieter the Elder 59 1317 2224 31 35 5254 61 63 74 77 95 99 104 111 117 121 128 132 149 151 151 153 168 174 184 18687 206 208212 215 Calumny of Apelles 160 16070 172 174 18586 208 211 Christ and the Woman Taken in Adultery  Conversion of Saint Paul 9 16 7277 85 90100 103 106107 12526 153 171 Death of the Virgin 1213 13 15051 18485 18789 19396 199 202204 206208 21011 The Months 17 1820 21 50 108 212 Procession to Calvary 9 10 17 41 50 99 10710 12228 139 14249 153 212 Sermon of Saint John the Baptist 910 41 80 107 111 128 13945 14749 Tower of Babel (Vienna) 1 2 34 8 1517 2124 2832 4950 52 54 6263 69 71 85 98 106108 130 139 153 157 159 212 Tower of Babel (Rotterdam) 2Brueghel, Pieter the Younger 215 Sermon of Saint John the Baptist (Cracow) 11Bruiloftspel (wedding play; see also tafelspel) 136Bruges 63 80 142 200Brussels 5 31 59 62 84 86 94 99 132 140 200201 Bruyne, Daniel de 16Busleyden, Jeroen 4851 139 Canisius, Petrus 195 203Cast, David 161Castagno, Andrea del Last Supper 45Cato, Publius Valerius 33Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor 11 60 6365 68 71 7677 81 8386 88 100 113Cicero 37Cleve, Marten van 140Clovio, Giulio 1Cock, Hieronymus 29 53 129 161 170 View of the Coliseum 29 30Cock, Simon 60Colet, John 48Columella, Lucius Junius Moderatus 33Convivium 5 8 10 12 22 28 32 3747 52 106 12628 213Cool, Jacob 103 106Coornhert, Dirck Volkertszoon 94 187 204 206208 209 215 Cornarius, Janus 3738 Corro, Antonio del 103Cort, Cornelis 29 53Cranach, Lucas the Elder 153 176Cranach, Lucas the Younger 153 176Daedalus 50Dalem, Cornelis van 206Danhoudere, Ioos de 60Dauxy, Philippe 89Dee, John 209Disgenootschap (see also: convivium) 4243 Druon Antigon 69 70 129 171Duke, Alastair 134Duncanus, Martinus 183Dürer, Albrecht 16 53 206 210 Death of the Virgin 189 191 192 192 193 196 202Eeckeren, Hester van 48Elkerlijc (Elck, Everyman) 102 102 129Erasmus, Desiderius 22 32 35 39 41 4351 79 95 97 111 11422 124 12728 138 144 147 159 169 17980 197200 203 204 210 212Estienne, Charles (Stevens, Kaerl) 21 3335 45 58 Everaert, Cornelis 135Everaert, Willem 79Eyck, Jan van 108 206Falkenburg, Reindert 124Flavius Josephus 17 20 20Flie, Joos de la 78Florence 36 59Floris, Cornelis 26Floris, Frans 16 50 53 53 65 65 74 93 108 165 Awakening of the Arts 16 17Forchoudt, Gilliam 161Fraet, Frans 130Franckaert, Hans 52Froben, Johannes 49 198Galle, Philips 187 Death of the Virgin 187 188 189 194 206210 Portrait of Abraham Ortelius 152 Temperance 165 166Ghent 23 41 41 63 84 130 134 173 200202 Gillis, Jan 51 91Gillis, Pieter 48 49 5152 Giot, Toussaint 74Goes, Hugo van der Death of the Virgin 189 193Goffman, Erving 73Góis, Damião de 90Goldstein, Claudia 5 46 49 93Gramaye, Anna 52Granvelle, Antoine Perrenot de 52 81 81 85 215Grapheus, Cornelius 65 68 90Guicciardini, Lodovico 15 27 57 59 61 63 209Haecht, Godevaert van 112 113 13132 14546 148 161Haecht, Willem van 7 100 130 182Hamling, Tara 120Heemskerck, Maarten van 94 The Vicissitudes of Human Affairs 29 129 170Heere, Lucas de 145Hedge-preaching (haagpreek, veltpredicatie) Hencxthoven, Jacques 33 54 54Henry VIII, King of England 82Heyden, Michiel van der 33 55 57Hogenberg, Frans Hedge-Preaching outside Antwerp 141 Hooftman, Gillis 6 15 42 50 103106 Houghton, Charlotte 24 56 123Iconoclasm 7 23 115 120 122 130 143 149 18081 184 215Impegem, Lenaert van 139Irmscher, Günter 22Isabella [of Aragon], Queen of Portugal Jeanneret, Michel 40João III, King of Portugal 81 83Jonas, Justus 192Jonghelinck, Jacques 5254 Jonghelinck, Niclaes 1 2 34 14 16 2122 24 29 3233 35 45 50 5255 63 74 108 121 123 139 212 215Jonghelinck, Peter 52Jonghelinck, Thomas 54Jonckheere, Koenraad 7 7 29 29 155 184 185Joyeuse entrée see Blijde InkomstJoyous entry see Blijde InkomstJunius, Franciscus 180 180Junius, Hadrianus 137 138 168Kavaler, Ethan Matt 56 61 179Keyser, Jan de 7880 Kingdom of France 113 129Kingdom of Portugal 81 81 82 84Kingdom of Spain 27 64 81 113 129Kint, An 27Kooi, Christine 91Kunstkammer 215Lampsonius, Domenicus 53 209Landjuweel 36 17375 Ghent 1539 130 130 134 173 200 Antwerp 1561 61 173 174Laurinus, Marcus 117Lengaigne, Jacques de 7576 93 98 Leonardo da Vinci Last Supper 45Leoni, Leone 52Leuven 48 60 81Leyden, Lucas van 92 165Lipsius, Justus 209Lombard, Lambert 165London 41 41 104 106Lopez, Merten 83Loughman, John 73Louis of Nassau 132Lucian 46 16165 16869 186 208Lysippus 50Maes, Jacob 5660 Majewski, Lech 21213 213Mander, Karel van 52 93 161 161 177 209Mantegna, Andrea Calumny of Apelles 163Manuel I, King of Portugal 81Margaret of Parma 52 86 88 89 94 181Maria [of Aragon], Queen of Portugal 81Marranos (see also: New Christians) 82 83 92Marnef, Guido 77 112Martone, Thomas 95Mary of Hungary 56 85Meadow, Mark 5 173 173 209 210Mechelen 48 60 Hof van Busleyden 4851 79 117 138Medici, Cosimo de 93Meeren, Nikolaas van der 8486 Meeus, Jacobuyne 7880 Melanchthon, Philip 161Melion, Walter 153 155 157 167 194 210 215Mendes, Diego 8283 Mercator, Gerard 209Meteren, Emmanuel van 104 157 204 209Metsys, Quinten Crucifixion 90Montaigne, Michel 127Montanus, Benedictus 187 204 215Montias, John 73More, Thomas 4850 Moxey, Keith 7 119 176Muir, Edward 128 192Muylle, Jan 35 209 209Myron 50Naties (trading nations) 6869 71 80 81 82 82 85 85 88 90Negotium 36New Christians (see also: Marranos) 8 15 71 8190 92 Nimrod, King of Sennaar 1 20 23 28 28 39 54 62 62 69Noirot, Jan 48 50 52 54 54 74 215Ommegang 122 128130 13233 170 205 Onuf, Alexandra 33 35Ortelius, Abraham 6 1415 103104 106 151 15759 185 187 189 204 206210 215Otium 36 Ottoman Empire 83 84Paradin, Claude 104Patinir, Joachim 96 Charon Crossing the River Styx 96Peeters, Natasja 86Pels, Aernout 52 74Perrière, Guillaume de la 95Philelphus, Franciscus 37 39 69Philip II, King of Spain 4 11 15 5254 6365 6869 71 7678 80 8687 88 94 113 149 180 212Philon 42Plantin, Christophe 3 15 34 34 52 104 133 204 206 209Plato 37 38Pliny the Elder 20810 Plock, Hans 205207 Plutarch 37Pollmann, Judith 11 142 143Porras, Stephanie 5 29 31 99 110 151 157 160 161 163 164 164 165 206 210Porthaise/Portesius, Jean 91Praxiteles 50Presentspel (see also tafelspel) 13638 Ptolemy IV Philopator, Pharoah 16264 Radermacher, Jacobus 103 104 106 209Ramakers, Bart 110 161 164Richardot, François 181 184Richardson, Todd 5 40 47 91 97Ripa, Cesare 164Roelants, Lucia 74Rome 54 81 93 100Ruytinck, Jan 41Ruytinck, Simon 4142 106Salviati, Francesco 93Sambucus, Johannes 61 137Sandren, Cornelia 51Sasbout, Adam 39Scheldt 2 4 2324 6869Schiappalaria, Stefano Ambrosio 65Schlüter, Lucy 49Schmidt, Ephraim 82Schongauer, Martin 168 Death of the Virgin 189 190 192 193 196 202 205207 Schoonbeke, Gilbert van 35 5457 5960 62 62 76 78 83 123Screech, Michael 41Selbstgerechtigkeit (self-justification) 177Sellink, Manfred 192Serlio, Sebastiano 27 33Serrano, Emmanuel 84 92Silvius Brabo 27 69 71Sinnekens 163 163 165 174Speelhof (speelhuis) 3336 55Spel van zinne 134 137 16566 173 177 200Staelen, Carolien de 77Steenbergen, Gerardus 99Stevens, Kaerl see Estienne, CharlesStralen, Antoon van 5253 149 Stuckius, Johannes Gulielmus 3738 40 43Sullivan, Margaret 22 28 179Tafelspel (table play; kamerspel) 13338 173 213 Tertullian 42Timanthes 20910 Toletanus, Petrus (Pedro Chacón) 37 40Trading nations see natiesUrsel, Lancelot van 51Vaernewijck, Marcus van 11 23 14546 Vaille, Coenraet de 91Vandenbroeck, Paul 42Varietas (varietà) 126Varro, Marcus Terentius 33 95Vasari, Giorgio 209Veltpredicatie see hedge-preachingVeselaer, Joris 140Vico, Enea 94Vierschaar (City Tribunal) 56Villa rustica 32 34Villa suburbana 34Villeggiatura 8 32Vierendeel, Adriaen 80Vilvoorde 100Virgil 33 50Vita activa 195 202 204Vita contemplativa 195 202 204Vitruvius 33Vives, Juan Luis 39 4748 114 116 131 Vivianus, Johannes 209Volterra, Daniele de 182Voragine, Jacobus de 192Vos, Martin de 50 105106 Saint Paul and Saint Barnabas at Lystra  Saint Paul and Silversmith Demetrius 103 104 Saint Paul on Malta 103 104 105Vredeman de Vries, Hans 33Vuystkinck, Johann 89Waite, Gary 100 200201 Wasteels, Anthoinette 79Werkheiligkeit (righteousness of works) 25 177Weyden, Rogier van der Crucifixion with the Virgin and Saint John the Evangelist Mourning 108 109William of Orange 51 132Woltjer, Juliaan 115 143 180Wouk, Edward 30 53Xenophon 37 38Ypres 63 200