Freier Zugang

Figures

1 Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Tower of Babel, 1563, oil on panel, 114 × 155cm, Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum (photo: KHM—Museumsverband) 2

2 Pieter Bruegel the Elder, The Conversion of Saint Paul, 1567, oil on panel, 108 × 156cm, Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum (photo: KHM—Museumsverband) 9

3 Pieter Bruegel the Elder, The Procession to Calvary, 1564, oil on panel, 124 × 170cm, Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum (photo: KHM—Museumsverband) 10

4 Pieter Brueghel the Younger, Sermon of Saint John the Baptist, 1601–1604, oil on panel, 102 × 167.5cm, Cracow, National Museum/Czartoryski Museum, inv. MNK XII-a-619 (photo: Cracow, National Museum) 11

5 Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Christ and the Woman Taken in Adultery, 1565, oil on panel, 24.1 × 34.4cm, London, Courtauld Gallery (photo: The Courtauld Gallery) 12

6 Pieter Bruegel the Elder, The Death of the Virgin, ca. 1564, oil on panel, 36 × 55cm, Banbury, Upton House (photo: National Trust Images) 13

7 Frans Floris, Awakening of the Arts, ca. 1560, oil on canvas, 162 × 239cm, Ponce, Museo del Arte. The Luis A. Ferré Foundation, Inc. (photo: Ponce, Museo del Arte) 17

8 Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Gloomy Day, 1565, oil on panel, 118 × 163cm, Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum (photo: KHM—Museumsverband) 18

9 Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Haymaking, 1565, oil on panel, 117 × 161cm, The Lobkowicz Collections, Lobkowicz Palace, Prague Castle, Czech Republic (photo: Lobkowicz Collections) 18

10 Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Harvesters, 1565, oil on panel, 118 × 161cm, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Rogers Fund, 1919 (artwork in the public ­domain) 19

11 Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Return of the Herd, 1565, oil on panel, 117 × 159cm, Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum (photo: KHM—Museumsverband) 19

12 Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Hunters in the Snow, 1565, oil on panel, 117 × 162cm, Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum (photo: KHM—Museumsverband) 20

13 Hieronymus Cock, View of the Coliseum, 1551, etching, 23.3 × 32.4cm, Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum, Rijksprentenkabinet (photo: Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam) 30

14 Anonymous, Anvers au moyen âge, 1905, postcard (photo: author’s private collection) 58

15 Pieter Coecke van Aelst, Triumphal Arch of the Genoese Nation, 1550, woodcut, from Cornelius Grapheus, De seer schooner, triumphelijcke incompst (Antwerp: Gillis van Diest, 1550), Los Angeles, Getty Research Institute (photo: Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles (2866–466)) 66

16 Pieter Coecke van Aelst, Triumphal Arch of the City (Allegory of Trade), 1550, woodcut, from Cornelius Grapheus, De seer schooner, triumphelijcke incompst (Antwerp: Gillis van Diest, 1550), Los Angeles, Getty Research Institute (Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles (2866–466)) 67

17 Pieter Coecke van Aelst, Druon Antigon on the Groote Markt, 1550, woodcut, from Cornelius Grapheus, De seer schooner, triumphelijcke incompst (Antwerp: Gillis van Diest, 1550), Los Angeles, Getty Research Institute (photo: Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles (2866–466)) 70

18 Martin de Vos, Saint Paul and Silversmith Demetrius, ca. 1568, oil on panel, 125 × 198cm, Brussels, Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts (© Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels / photo: J. Geleyns—Ro scan photo: J. Geleyns—Art Photography) 104

19 Martin de Vos, Saint Paul on Malta, ca. 1568, 124 × 198cm, Paris, Louvre Museum (photo: Erich Lessing / Art Resource, NY) 105

20 Rogier van der Weyden, Crucifixion with the Virgin and Saint John the Evangelist Mourning, ca. 1460, oil on panel, diptych, left panel: 180.3 × 93.8cm, right panel: 180.3 × 92.6cm, Philadelphia, Philadelphia Museum of Art, John G. Johnson Collection (photo: Philadelphia Museum of Art) 109

21 Pieter Aertsen, Meat Stall, ca. 1551, oil on panel, 115.6 × 168.9cm, North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, USA, purchased with funds from Wendell and Linda Murphy and various donors (photo: Bridgeman Images) 124

22 Frans Hogenberg, Hedge-Preaching outside Antwerp, after 1570, engraving, 21 × 28.8cm, Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum, Rijksprentenkabinet (photo: Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam) 141

23 Philips Galle, Portrait of Abraham Ortelius, 1572, engraving, 17.5 × 12.5cm, Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum, Rijksprentenkabinet (photo: Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam) 152

24 Follower of Hieronymus Bosch, Christ and the Woman Taken in Adultery, 16th century, oil on panel, 75.9 × 55.9cm, Philadelphia, Philadelphia Museum of Art, John G. Johnson Collection (photo: Philadelphia Museum of Art) 154

25 Pieter Aertsen, Market Scene with Christ and the Adulterous Woman, ca. 1557–58, oil on panel, 122 × 180cm, Frankfurt, Städelsches Kunstinstitut (photo: © Städel Museum—ARTOTHEK) 155

26 Pieter Aertsen, Market Scene with Christ and the Adulterous Woman, ca. 1559, oil on panel, 123 × 179cm, Stockholm, Nationalmuseum (artwork in the public domain) 156

27 Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Calumny of Apelles, ca. 1565–69, drawing, 20.2 × 30.6cm, London, British Museum (photo: London, British Museum) 160

28 Philips Galle after Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Temperance, from the Virtues, ca. 1559–60, engraving, 24.4 × 31.2cm, Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum, Rijksprentenkabinet (photo: Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam) 166

29 Maarten van Heemskerck, The Triumph of Envy, from the Vicissitudes of Human Affairs, 1564, engraving, 21.8 × 29.5cm, Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum, Rijksprentenkabinet (photo: Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam) 170

30 Pieter Aertsen, Christ in the House of Martha and Mary, 1553, oil on panel, 126 × 200cm, Rotterdam, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (photo: Studio Tromp, Rotterdam) 175

31 Philips Galle after Pieter Bruegel the Elder, The Death of the Virgin, 1574, engraving, 31.5 × 42.4cm, Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum, Rijksprentenkabinet (photo: Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam) 188

32 Hugo van der Goes, The Death of the Virgin, ca. 1480, oil on panel, 147.8 × 122.5cm, Bruges, Groeninge Museum (Lukas—Art in Flanders VZW photo: Hugo Martens) 189

33 Martin Schongauer, The Death of the Virgin, ca. 1470–75, engraving, 25.5 × 16.8cm, Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum, Rijksprentenkabinet (photo: Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam) 190

34 Albrecht Dürer, The Death of the Virgin, from The Life of the Virgin, 1511, woodcut, 44 × 30cm, Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum, Rijksprentenkabinet (photo: Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam) 191

35 Pieter Aertsen, Christ in the House of Martha and Mary, 1552, oil on panel, 60.5 × 101cm, Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum (photo: KHM—Museumsverband) 196

36 Lech Majewski, The Mill and the Cross, Angelus Silesius, 2011 (photo: © Lech Majewski) 213

37 Gabriel Axel, Babette’s Feast, Danish Film Institute, 1987 (photo: © Peter Gabriel) 214