IndexaestheticsChristian76–77Zanzibar39, 88Africa5, 102, 113African hinterland14, 28, 31, 33, 35, 53, 190, 233baraAfrican Initiated Churches5Al-Farsy, Shaykh40amanipeaceAmin, Idi211Ansār Sunna32, 40, 44Arab Peninsula31arabocentrism34–35ustaarabuAsad, Talal169, 200Assemblies of God (AG)58, 63Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP)38–40, 186armyGod’s191–192Tanzanian51, 60, 62, 66–67, 72, 111, 187–188, 191Tanzania People’s Defense Forceautonomy47, 51, 55, 200Bachoo, Shaykh Nassor40baptism151–152, 159bara42mainlandBauman, Chad M.169, 173belongingAfrican35Christian9, 14, 76, 84–85, 87, 97, 99, 111, 119, 123, 128, 142, 145–147, 158, 167–168, 170, 172, 184, 195, 208–212, 215, 220–221, 224–231local categories of (mpemba, mshirazi, mhadimu, mtumbatu, mswahili)30, 36mainland14, 76, 105–108, 123, 145, 172, 221, 226Muslim2, 14, 31–33, 54, 80, 168, 198, 215, 221–222national (Tanzanian)4, 147, 204–212(non-)123, 225Pentecostal4, 11–12, 14, 17, 85–108, 123, 130, 136, 145–147, 152, 224–225, 228, 233religious4, 12–14, 18, 20, 25, 28, 42, 54–55, 213, 215, 220, 228–233Roman Catholic99social locations13, 142, 213values14–15, 140–145Zanzibari12, 14–15, 19, 28–31, 44, 53, 147, 205identityBibleclasses/studies21, 62, 64, 86, 88, 90, 111, 117, 122power of93use of78, 80, 94, 126born againChristianity59, 66, 180, 232life-styles9, 87–89, 91–98, 104–106, 206, 232CCC; kuokoka; Pentecostal-Charismatic ChristianityBourdieu, Pierre35Burundi66Calvary Assemblies of God (CAG)58Casanova, José196Castells, Manuel42Chama cha Mapinduzi (CCM)27–28, 31, 39–48, 51–52, 164, 174, 186, 192changeagents of153, 157, 215cultural9, 41–43, 158, 198, 218political7, 38–43, 176, 190, 198, 201, 206, 219, 221religious3, 41, 55, 80–81, 158, 194, 219social8, 10, 54, 80, 109, 125, 130, 149, 154, 165–181, 198 226conversioncell group (zone)21, 23–25, 64, 67, 90, 115, 122, 128–129, 205China39ChristianityAfrica5–6, 121, 128Egypt97, 168India168–169, 173Melanesia144Tanzania6–7Zanzibar51–52, 55–58, 171–175Christian churchesAnglican56–58, 60, 62, 66, 172, 176, 204attacks on43, 53, 164, 173Coptic97, 168Evangelical Lutheran Church of Tanzania57, 60–61, 67Pentecostal57–58Roman Catholic56–58, 60, 66, 99, 102, 111, 165, 172–173, 176, 204Christian crusades172public preachingChristian growth3, 14, 170, 176–178, 183, 199, 221, 228Christian hegemony43, 218Mfumo KristoChristian missionand interfaith activities212Anglican56in Ghana201in Indonesia93in Zanzibar34, 37, 43, 52–53, 56–58, 60, 62, 111, 171, 202, 217international62, 211, 230Lutheran57, 60Pentecostal43, 57, 62, 211Roman Catholic56short-term230City Christian Center; Christian witness evangelization; spiritual warfareChristian Mission Fellowship57Christian rallies153, 157public preachingChristian values85, 100, 197–198, 201, 220, 228Christian witness78, 95, 152–153, 157, 168–169, 181–182, 189Church of God Tanzania (COGT)57citizenshipChristian10, 206–208in Zanzibar39, 205legal204–205national10Tanzanian205, 208, 211, 221–222City Christian Center (CCC)Pentecostal practices58–59, 85–98, 125–135, 151–171, 178–184, 191– 194, 205history62–64international links63–64mainland origins66–68, 103–108members69–81, 85–98, 106–108migration66–67, 69–72neo-Pentecostal features59organization64–65theology99–103, 135–140Pentecostal-Charismatic Christianity in ZanzibarCivil United Front (CUF)41–42, 45–47, 50civilizationChristianity179Zanzibar15, 28–33, 35, 37, 142, 217, 224uungwana; ustaarabucivilizedmstaarabuclothes120, 124, 128, 158colonialismArab26, 37, 190, 216British18, 26, 36–37Christian217mainland217Muslim104narratives of2, 37, 54, 213, 215western202communityCCC104–106, 112–123, 136imagined54origins106, 130, 135Pentecostal91–94temporal132conflictcultural9–10, 76in Zanzibar11, 25, 30, 34–35, 43, 53, 107, 171–177, 222inter-religious7–8, 181, 203–204, 212, 222–223intra Muslim43political30social10, 201, 223spiritual158, 166, 190within the CCC127contradictory consciousness15, 34conversion75Christian79, 87–88, 104, 132, 152, 182, 227Muslim33–34, 102, 176ongoing59, 88born again; kuokokaCreps, Earl151–152cultural capital35–37culturecounter-9, 178, 201, 228duplex227holistic18, 141individualistic18, 141mainland75, 142–143, 217–218, 220Muslim74negotiation of30–33, 220part-227Pentecostal4, 9, 181, 197, 201, 222–223, 226–228popular116second227Zanzibar2, 4, 14–15, 18, 28–32, 35, 41, 71, 80, 102, 141–143, 161, 172–173, 175, 183, 217–218, 221–223Dumont; CCC; Robbins; Swahili culturedance115–116, 121, 175dawamedicineda’waIslamic missionDeleuze, Gilles14deliverance98, 153, 210from evil6, 83, 113, 154services23, 64spiritual83, 116–117, 120–121, 123, 129, 134, 150, 154, 190spiritual warfareDemerath III, N. J.194democracyChristian views on198multiparty41democratic rights48developmentdiscourses on46, 57, 79, 83, 177, 180, 198, 202, 226national198, 209spiritual89–94, 137–138Devil1, 81, 85, 96–97, 106, 126, 159, 166, 171, 179Satandescent30–31, 33–37, 39, 54, 75, 132, 220discourse6, 10, 12, 14–15, 19, 23, 31–35, 37, 42, 53–55, 64, 79–80, 88, 102, 104, 107, 123, 133, 142, 150, 159–161, 168–169, 171–175, 177–180, 184, 192, 196–199, 201, 203, 209, 216–217, 219–223, 232dividual136, 144divorce213doubt91–94, 97, 117, 189, 191Dumont, Louis16–19, 31, 55, 101–102, 139–141, 143–144, 172, 200–201, 225, 228East Africa20, 29, 37, 103, 171, 233economic liberalization18, 29, 40, 57, 186education35, 56, 61–62, 79–80, 93, 99, 107, 110, 119, 122, 154, 197–198, 212EFATHA58egalitarian123, 144Egypt40, 97, 168ELIMU Pentecoste58Englund, Harri9, 11, 94, 96, 108, 149, 182–183equality19, 183Evangelical Assemblies of God Tanzania57evangelization7, 20, 23–24, 157, 173, 176, 198evil5–6, 10, 55, 81–85, 87–89, 91–101, 105–108, 112, 116–117, 125, 134, 136–140, 143, 150, 153, 157–160, 165–167, 169–171, 177–183, 186, 193–194, 200–201, 207, 220, 222, 225, 227–229nguvu za giza: spiritual; spiritual beingsexchangecultural29, 222economies of110, 122–123, 126, 132, 135, 140faith techniques89–96kujitambua; spiritual warfarefamilyChristian110–122, 128–130, 132–133, 135, 138, 140, 145–147, 182, 227of origins103–106, 130–131, 135, 145–147Farid Ahmed, Shaykh27–28, 164, 215fatherof the nation209–210spiritual111–119fellowship88, 90–91, 109–111, 133, 182, 225Free Pentecostal Church of Tanzania (FPCT)57, 60–61freedom33, 38, 49, 71, 74, 78–83, 107, 142, 186, 189–195, 198–200, 203 210, 214Frei-Weber, Daniel115friday prayer60, 121, 187Fouéré, Marie-Aude15Geertz, Clifford120German Democratic Republic39gender relations12, 19, 119–122, 128–135Ghana122, 124, 179, 201Gifford, Paul5Glassman, Jonathon15, 33God33, 86–87, 89–91, 94–97, 99–102, 106–108, 110–114, 117–119, 123–126, 129–130, 132–140, 144, 152–154, 158–159, 165–167, 168, 179, 181–182, 188, 191–193, 195, 200, 205–206, 211, 222–223army; nguvu za nuru; victoryGovernment of National Unity (GNU)46, 48, 50Gramsci, Antonio15, 34Hackmann, Jörg170Hamad, Seif Sharif45Haule, Cosmas110Haynes, Naomi122healingpentecostal6, 59, 86, 93–94, 101, 112, 115–116, 153–154, 178, 182Muslim32traditional32, 117deliverance; ugangahegemony34, 37, 43, 218colonialism; mfumo kristohierarchyChurch113–114, 122, 130social34–35, 54, 75, 122–123, 147theory of hierarchical opposition16–19holism18, 110, 140–144holisticculture141–142theology92, 101–102, 138–140Holy Spirit69, 88, 92, 99–100, 113, 117, 121, 140homeland67, 143, 227, 229, 231migrantshuman weakness76, 91, 93, 95, 133, 165identityChristian123, 167, 169, 227, 229defensive42, 114narrative13–14national3, 4, 14, 36, 41–42, 147, 170, 205, 208, 221Pentecostal9, 22, 66, 87, 104, 108politics12, 42–43, 156, 183–184, 222–223, 226religious3, 4, 9, 11, 33, 181, 203–204, 210, 222social138–140struggles over2, 29, 38, 40, 53, 54Zanzibari46, 53, 177, 220belonging; personhoodideologyand culture16–17language93Pentecostal15, 220Tanzanian national8, 15, 141, 147, 194, 209Zanzibar15ujamaa; ustaarabuIndia31, 56, 168–169, 173Indian Ocean28–29, 32, 83, 224trade56Indians32, 36–37, 86individualism18–19, 102, 110, 136, 140–142, 144, 201insecurity73, 91, 124–125, 127, 132, 134–135interfaith activities20, 211–212intersectional analysis16, 25, 232inter-religious conflicts in Tanzania7–8conflictinter-religious cooperationinterfaith activitiesIslamIbādi32, 60in Zanzibar31–39Salafi and Wahhabi movements32, 40–41Shi’a32Sufi brotherhoods32, 34, 44Sunni32Islamic courts8, 213Islamic law214Islamic mission41Islamic scholars35, 39ulamaIsrael155Jesusand change86–87, 89, 108, 157, 172, 182, 186, 200, 210, 212–213and democracy198and politics195and suffering167for Zanzibar3, 155, 180, 222, 227, 231–233as life100–102, 117, 125, 151, 199deliverance; healingJumbe, Aboud40JUMAZA45–46Juma, Shaykh Musa48JumikiUamshoKaganga, Dixon20, 23, 62–64, 95, 100–102, 105, 110–125, 127, 129–130, 132, 134, 137, 145–146, 153, 156, 158–159, 161–162, 164, 167–169, 180, 187, 191, 193, 199, 211, 215, 230Kaganga, Esther119, 122, 134, 154Kallinen, Timo200–201Kanisa la Pentecoste Tanzania, (the Pentecostal Church of Tanzania)57, 61Karume, Abeid38–40, 207Karume, Amani45Kawawa, Sophia52Keane, Webb93Keshodkar, Akbar54Kikwete, Jakaya210kin74–75, 87, 103–106, 126, 130–132, 135, 140, 145–147, 182–183, 214, 221, 225, 227–229kinship; spiritual kinshipkinship37, 103, 110, 146, 221kin; spiritual kinshipknowledge35, 110, 112, 116–117, 119, 179–180Kombo, Thabit192kujitambua90, 94, 160self-awarenesskuokoka59kutafuta maisha85, 107, 138lifeland157, 174–177, 199law197, 205–206Islamic LawleadershipAfrican113Christian64, 111, 123, 130gendered119–122political38, 208, 210father; NyerereLehti, Marko170liberationAfrican2, 42–43, 223from evil169from the past221political4, 189, 192, 210, 216, 225spiritual190–192, 210–212, 220, 225salvation, revolutionlifecomplete101, 103, 137, 225good10, 16, 19, 69–71, 73–75, 84, 88, 98–103, 105, 108, 119, 132, 136, 139–140, 143, 145, 188, 224, 228–229, 231, 233prosperity; kutafuta maisha; uzimalifestyleChristian106, 128, 135, 215mercantile31moral152Livingstone, David56Livingstone Academy22, 62, 93, 154Loimeier, Roman177lovedemonic80, 83–84physical89, 133religious manifestation of89, 158–160, 171, 198, 223Macchia, Frank159maendeleodevelopmentMahmood, Saba201, 204Mainland Tanzania1–4, 11, 14, 24, 27–29, 37, 39, 46, 51, 53, 58, 70, 104–105, 107, 142–143, 147–148, 185–187, 189–190, 193–194, 204, 212, 214–215, 220–221, 224, 226–227, 230, 232bara; mainlander; mbara; Tanganyika; Unionmainlander/mainlandersAfrican38, 190discourses on2–4, 15, 53, 58, 66, 76, 98, 134, 147, 187, 221, 226, 229, 232Christian13–14, 62, 66–67, 85, 107, 116, 123, 146–147, 184, 212, 219–220, 222, 232Muslim183, 213belonging; mbara; migrantsmaishalifemajority3–4, 8, 29, 66, 76, 98, 118, 121, 153, 156–157, 167, 172–173, 175–178, 181, 184, 199, 204, 209, 213, 220, 227, 230Malawi11, 94, 96, 105, 182Manchester School25maombiprayermaombezideliverancemapinduzi daima42revolution (permanent), CCMmarriageadulthood and128dreams of87in the CCC128–130, 132, 145–146inter-religious214Muslim52, 79, 133sexual relations outside124, 133–134Marshall, Ruth88–89, 108, 119, 180–181, 225martyr167–168martyrdom167–169materiality93Mauss, Marcel123Maxwell, David129mbara14, 47, 107, 147, 222mainlandermediaMuslim92Christian80–81, 154–156international49, 155national21, 52–53, 156–157, 162, 169social154, 156medicinetraditional32, 213healing; ugangamen’s fellowship (siku ya baba)64Meyer, Birgit149, 178–179mfumo kristo218mhadhara/mihadhara48, 50, 52public preachingmigrantsChristian67, 94, 114, 177, 222in North America75labor53, 66–67, 70, 130, 132, 140, 217mainland57, 70–81, 106–107, 110, 114, 126, 142, 147, 183, 186, 224, 229Muslim219relationships to home103mainlander; mbaramigrationAfrican10and Christianity3, 10, 55–57, 66–68and mainland origins37, 42, 70, 80, 217and mission56–57and tourism66, 177economic4, 72, 75intra-continental109labor3, 11, 70, 98, 231, 233to Zanzibar34, 37, 42, 66, 108transnational109urban-rural11, 175minority4, 20, 29, 64, 97, 152, 167–168, 172, 175, 184–185, 204, 213, 225, 230missionChristian mission; evangelization; Islamic missionMkapa, Benjamin210modernity18, 109, 198, 202moneybitter102moral102–103struggles for69–73Mokiwa, Valentino Leonard53moralcritique210living138Mosko, Mark144mother110, 114, 119–122, 132, 225mtu mzima24, 101, 128, 130Mufti’s Office8, 41, 44, 51, 202Mulago, Vincent93, 137–140MunguGodmusicand Islam175Christian172, 176, 215gospel78, 115, 130taarab130Muslimreform movements in Zanzibar40, 44–45, 203, 217struggles43values197belonging; conflicts; culture; healing; norms; politics; Zanzibar societyMuslim-Christian relationships4, 7, 51, 182, 229Mwinyi, Ali Hassan52mzanzibari13–14, 29, 42, 47, 53–54, 57, 75–76, 85, 107, 132, 147, 199, 218, 222mzanzibara14, 42, 47, 53, 132narrativeapproach14, 22–23belonging53, 79–80, 98, 215, 233biblical167–168CCC116, 146, 157Christian growth14, 98–99, 108, 166, 191, 200, 221, 228civilization15collective105colonial213, 215conversion87, 104counter85evil182, 193life23liberation186, 192, 194, 223, 225oppression75, 78peace56, 197, 208praxis182revolutionary189, 192, 221regulation157salvation169, 195suffering168–170success119Tanzania207, 210Union196victory166Zanzibar80, 104–105, 117, 134, 188, 197, 217nationalismAfrican15, 137and Pentecostal belonging228as imagined communities15in Tanzania4, 15, 124, 207–208Zanzibar36Zanzibari15, 19, 177national ethos in Tanzania207–210, 221ujamaaneo-liberal policies141neo-pentecostalism59nguvuza giza82, 86, 137, 158, 166, 190za nuru100, 137, 158power; spiritualNigeria88, 180–181norms8, 31, 57, 76, 142, 171, 176, 214Nyerere, Julius Kambarage15, 46, 66, 111, 192, 207–212, 218Oduyoye, Mercy Amba122Omani rule32, 34, 36, 56, 189O’Neill, Keith206organizations1, 31, 43–46, 51–53, 161, 188, 196, 197, 214, 231Organization of the Islamic Conference52pan-Africanism37, 207, 211, 221participationcommunal110, 135vital135–140peace7, 46, 101, 180, 182, 191–192, 195, 197, 204–206, 209–212, 221Pemba29–30, 53, 68Pentecostal-Charismatic Christianity5–8, 10, 29, 57–58, 124, 139– 140, 142, 144, 149, 160, 167, 173, 178, 196, 208, 227the City Christian CenterPentecostal Fellowship of Africa (PEFA)58Perkins, Judith167–168persecution156, 166–170, 230personhood135–144Pew Forum6Pinda, Mizengo46political equality203–204, 209politicsmulti-party29Muslim53Pentecostal-Charismatic Christian9, 195–197, 201, 206religion and43, 46, 195, 203–204, 207, 209, 211, 219politics of belonging; identitypolitics of belonging12–15, 28, 42, 54, 191 , 219–223, 226Pouwels, Randall33powerdark97, 159, 170political19, 39, 54, 201relations215bible; evil, nguvu; spiritualpracticeChristian9–10, 12, 14, 20, 70, 87–89, 94–96, 101, 108, 114, 118, 134, 144, 147, 152, 162, 196, 206, 220–223, 225, 228–230cultural142, 198discursive9, 23, 54, 88–89, 119, 135, 160, 225, 230ethical104healing178Muslim41, 44–45, 111, 222moral171public149–150, 153–154, 159–160, 177–180, 188, 225, 232religious55, 80secular199, 203self-fashioning7, 106spiritual10, 153, 160, 180–183, 196prayer1, 10, 64, 86, 88–91, 96, 113, 120–122, 153–154, 158–162, 170, 180, 188, 206, 208, 211, 232deliverance; spiritual warfareprayer groups64prayer warriors91Probyn, Elspeth14prosperity10, 66, 87, 92, 123–124, 135, 140kutafuta maishaprosperity teachings59, 92, 102, 107, 124publicculture77, 149, 187going149–160, 168, 184, 221making178–181, 184, 221sphere7, 9, 29, 121, 147, 149, 169, 176, 197–198, 203, 222, 225preaching7, 27, 44, 47–48, 80, 153–154practiceRedeemed Gospel Church58revolution2, 15, 29, 36, 38–39, 42–43, 52, 57, 83, 85, 186, 189–192, 197, 211, 221, 223, 232relational approach11, 224relativesin spirit110, 125Muslim104of origins101, 103, 106, 132familyreligiocentrism197–199, 204, 209–210religionAfrican traditional179as dini32, 76, 176mila32, 41, 43, 176civil209freedom of203religiouscoexistence10, 56, 182difference2–3, 14, 20, 36, 55, 204, 212–213, 224soundscapes154, 175–176conflict; belonging; change; identity; unityrupture9, 11, 87–88, 104–105, 117, 124, 192, 221, 225–228Robbins, Joel9, 17, 105, 141rukhsaeconomic liberalisationRwanda66sacralization194, 202sacred192, 194, 200, 215, 221, 225, 229salvation18, 85, 88–103, 105, 108–110, 114, 119, 125, 130, 133, 135–140, 142–145, 147, 158–160, 169, 180–182, 187, 188, 190, 192–193, 195, 208, 210–211, 222, 224–229Satan10, 82, 136, 139, 165, 193Devil; evilSchatzberg, Michael G.113Schieffelin, Bambi B.13secularconstitution197differentiation195–196, 198, 200–201, 203discourse197, 201, 203, 209education79–80, 197ideology8, 194religiosity209spheres202state4, 39, 185–186, 192, 221values197, 201, 212secularismpolitical186, 195–197, 202–203, 209regulation204Tanzania4, 8, 39, 212Zanzibar39, 201secularization18, 194–203, 215, 220–221security72, 89, 107–110, 116–117, 119–120, 123–125, 127, 129, 135, 147, 162, 188, 192self-awareness89–91, 102, 108, 135, 141, 152, 206kujitambuasexual relations74, 89, 95, 133–134shari’aIslamic lawShein, Ali Mohamed48, 210Shenoda, Anthony96–97Siikala, Juha141skepticism96–97, 125, 177suspicionslavery12, 33, 37, 190social alienation98social hazards83, 105, 107, 156social mobilization222social organization9, 11, 64, 109–110, 122–123, 149, 221social pressure25, 75–76, 89, 134social regulations115, 142, 146social relations4, 6, 11, 15–16, 28, 28, 42, 74, 84, 89, 104, 124–134, 137, 141, 150, 182–183, 225, 229socialism141, 207 209ujamaaSoothill, Jane124, 134spirit baptism159spirit possession82–83 144, 154, 175, 179spiritualattacks104–105, 117, 121, 159authority113, 120battle121, 159–160, 170, 182, 193bondage133, 191cleansing150empowerment159, 169engagements159, 211expertise117gifts59growth89, 98–99, 135idiom5, 10, 159forces10, 81, 92, 140, 159, 224kinship124–125, 130, 135, 140, 145–147, 182–183, 221, 225, 229knowledge110, 116maturity90–92, 94–95, 99, 108, 110, 118, 135, 138, 152–153, 206, 220power6, 113, 116, 119, 134, 154, 165, 180, 207realm81, 84, 158, 164, 166–167, 180victory92, 164, 166, 169, 181war10, 150, 160–161, 165–166, 178, 189, 193, 225warfare10, 59, 98, 136, 150, 157–160, 164–170, 178–183, 207, 225well-being101spiritual beingsancestral100, 179cultivation of83, 121, 190demons82–83, 100, 105, 117, 142evil spirits82–84, 87, 92–97, 114, 116–117, 135, 138jini/majini32, 82mzimu/mizimu32, 62, 82, 100pepo/mapepo32, 82, 100, 157, 190shetani/mashetani32, 82Stark, Rodney167–168Strathern, Marylin144Stone Town25, 27, 52, 56, 58, 60, 64, 69, 72, 86, 133, 160Structural Adjustment Programs41economic liberalizationsuffering98, 104–105, 164–169, 179, 183, 222, 225Sundnes Drønen, Tomas167suspicion106, 108, 174skepticismSwahili coast29, 34, 56Swahili culture2, 13–14, 18, 29–37, 41, 54, 81, 217Swahili language30, 209Swahili proverb120Swedish Pentecostal Mission57Tanganyika38, 189–190, 207, 216Tanner, Kathryn227Tanzania Assemblies of God (TAG)3, 24, 57–58, 63, 87, 111, 113, 152, 211City Christian CenterTanzania African National Union39, 186Tanzania People’s Defense Force1, 66Tawhîd32–33, 45unity, MuslimTaussig, Michael96–97temporalities194, 228–229theologyAfrican137Pentecostal10, 88, 100, 113, 151–152relational138–140Roman Catholic138Uamsho1, 21, 25, 27–29, 31, 43–54, 153, 161, 164, 171, 174, 187–188, 197, 203, 210, 215–216, 220, 222udinireligiocentrismudugu132uhurufreedomujamaa141, 147, 209, 211–212, 218ukombozi210liberation; salvationulama40Islamic scholarsumma33umojaunityUnguja29, 53, 59, 68, 73, 102, 133United Republic of Tanzania1–3, 15, 29, 38, 46, 184–186, 188, 192, 194–195, 204, 208, 213, 224UnionunityAfrican15Christian107, 145–147, 221Muslim44–45, 220national186, 196–197, 212religious212Swahili30–32Tanzanian147, 196–197, 204–205, 208–211, 220Zanzibari45–46, 220Unioncolonialism215, 217contestations1–4, 8, 155, 174, 185, 204, 225critique27–28, 41–43, 46–51, 54, 77, 161, 216, 218–220sacred192–194, 221secular194–199support42–43, 186–192, 208, 212, 221–222ushenzi34–35ustaarabu35–39, 54, 57, 176, 204uungwana33ustaarabuuzima100–103, 138–140, 169, 228–229lifevan Dijk, Rijk105Vattimo, Gianni200victoryChristian183–184God’s100, 166–167, 170Victory Church International (VCI)58violenceanti-Arab38anti-Christian52, 168–169, 173–174anti-Union50, 195non-158, 160, 181, 223Pentecostal interpretations of81, 149–150, 157–166, 180–181physical181riots2, 48–51, 231wabarambarawazanzibarimzanzibariwazanzibaramzanzibarawedding21, 25, 125, 128–131, 145, 147, 154West, Harry G.179West Africa8, 104wholeness101–102witchcraft7, 10, 32, 84, 89, 93, 139women’s group (siku ya mama)64, 88, 90, 115, 120–122worldviewsAfrican traditional137dualistic5, 10, 84, 98, 106, 220xenophobia218Yong, Amos9, 158, 181 n. 58youth fellowship (siku ya vijana)21, 64, 75, 88, 115, 122, 129–130, 231Yuval-Davis, Nira13zama za siasa (time of politics)37Zanzibar and Pemba People’s Party38Zanzibar National Party38Zanzibar society3, 11–13, 52Zanzibar Town51, 57–59, 61, 64, 67–68, 73, 111, 133, 150–151, 154, 164, 171, 187Zanzibarimzanzibari; wazanzibariZanzibari nationalismnationalismZimbabwe66, 125, 185
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