Swahili Glossaryamani

peace

ari

honour

baba / pl. baba

father

bara

mainland, the African continent

baraza / pl. baraza

veranda

Bwana Asifiwe

Praise the Lord

daladala

local transportation system

dini

religion, in Tanzania usually referring to Islam and Christianity, often implying orthodox praxis

elimu

education

haya

modesty

heshima

respect

jini / pl. majini

spirit (connected to Islam)

kabila / pl. makabila

ethnic group, clan, people

kafir / pl. makafir

unbeliever, infidel

kibarua

day labourer

kijana / pl. vijana

youth

kiroho

spiritual

kisiwa / pl. visiwa

island

kofia

hat, in Zanzibar signifying the traditional Muslim style hat

kujitambua

self-awareness

kuokoka

to be saved, in the CCC referring to a born again status

kupotea maisha

losing hold of life

kutafuta maisha

in search for a better life

kuumwa

suffering

maarifa

knowledge

mahakama ya kadhi

Islamic court

maisha mazuri

the good life

makanisa ya kiroho

spiritual churches

mama / pl. mama

mother

maombi

prayer

maombaji / pl. waombaji

one who prays, in Charismatic churches often referred to as prayer warrior

Maridiano

lit. gentlemen agreement, in Zanzibar refereeing to the political reconciliation between CCM and CUF in the GNU

maombezi

intersession prayers / deliverance

mapinduzi

revolution

mapinduzi daima

permanent revolution

mbara / pl. wabara

mainlander

mchungaji / pl. wachungaji

pastor

mfumo kristo

lit. Christian system, signifying Muslim discourses on a Christian hegemony

mganga / pl. waganga

healer (mganga wa kienyeji—traditional healer)

mhadimu / pl. wahadimu

a person from the southeastern part of Unguja

mila

tradition, custom

mpemba / pl. wapemba

a person from Pemba

mshirazi / pl. washirazi

a person claiming Persian descent from Shiraz

mwalimu / pl. walimu

teacher

mwislamu / pl. waislamu

Muslim

mhadhara / pl. mihadhara

lecture, public speech

mkristo / pl. wakristo

Christian

mtu mzima

adult, a complete person

mtumbatu / pl. watumbatu

a person from Tumbatu

muungano

union

mwizi / pl. wezi

thief

mwokozi

savior

mzanzibara / pl. wazanzibara

zanzibari (mainland origins, or a person loyal to the Union)

mzanibari / pl. wazanzibari

zanzibari

mzimu / pl. mizimu

ancestral spirit

nchi / pl. nchi

land, country

ndugu

relative, comrade

nguvu

force, power, strength

nguvu za giza

the powers of darkness

nguvu za nuru

the powers of the light

pepo / pl. mapepo

spirit

roho

soul, spirit

Roho Mtakatifu

The Holy Spirit

rukhsa

economic liberalization

shetani / pl. mashetani

spirit/s, in singular also referred to Satan

uadilifu

ethics

uaminifu

honesty

uamsho

lit. awakening (in Zanzibar also the popular name of a the Muslim Jumuiya ya Uamsho na Mihadhara ya Kiislamu Zanzibar [the Association of Islamic Awareness and Public Discourse in Zanzibar])

uchawi

magic, witchcraft

udini

religious devoutness

udugu

fraternity, kinship

uganga

lit. treatment, often referred to in relation to traditional healing

uhuru

freedom

Uislamu

Islam

ujamaa

lit. family, in Tanzania also known as the socialist political ideology forwarded by Tanzania’s first president Julius Kambarage Nyerere

Ukristo

Christianity

umoja

unity

urithi

heritage

ushenzi

barbarism

ushirikina

witchcraft, also superstition

ustaarabu

civilization

utamaduni

culture

uungwana

civilization

uzima

wholeness, life

vita

war

wakristo wa asili

original Christians

wakristo wa kuja

newcoming Christians

wokovu

salvation

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