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IndexAbbasid (Caliphate, Dynasty) 10 200 329 357Abdul-Hamid I, Ottoman sultan 278 299Abdurrahim Muhib Efendi, Ottoman ambassador to France 15 213 355Abu Hanifa, al-Nuʾman b. Thabit 5 9 11 89 227 358 390Abu Yusuf Ya’kub, Hanafi jurist 910 87 89 92 157 171 227 293 329Achille de Harlay, French ambassador to the Porte 255 364Ada Kale 361Adrianople (Edirne) 11 61 118 202 287 338 106 112 129 156 204 283 284 387Adrianople, Treaty of 246 345 367Aegean islands 31 94 99 100 130 294 353 358 376Ahi-zade Hüseyin Efendi, șeyh ül-Islam 16 289Ahmed b. Ali al-Ankaravi 11 15Ahmed I, Ottoman sultan 23 29 30 43 61 182 184 185 187 192 193 209 213 224 228 235 238 258 283 321 327 331 339 341 368 373 402Ahmed II, Ottoman sultan 310 354 403Ahmed III, Ottoman sultan 16 135 175 218 232 234235 262 291 295 301 305 307 325 328 404Ahmed pașa, commander of Silistre 67 228Ahmed Reșid, kadı of Tarnovo 205 244Ahmedi, Ottoman chronicler 69 71Akhisari, Hasan al-Kafi el-Bosnevi 89 90 276Akkerman (White Fortress, Cetatea Albă) 16 58 118119 167 214 308 310 333334 337338 373 384al-Baladhuri, chronicler 92al-Halebi, Ibrahim b. Muhammad, Hanafi jurist 1112 18 46 48 60 66 72 82 86 89 207 227 253 335 355al-Kalkashandi 83 165 176 178 180 329al-Kashani, Hanafi jurist 84 168al-Mansur, Almohad emir 180al-Mawerdi, Shafi’i jurist 60 88 154 157 227 292295 299 357 358al-Sarakhsi, Hanafi jurist 10 10 171 176 178 180 196 200 204 359 423al-Shafi’i 5 61 66 153 180 357358al-Shaybani, Muhammad, Hanafi jurist 910 17 42 46 48 50 60 63 66 68 72 81 82 86 87 88 89 91 92 165166 167 169 171 176 177 178 180 195196 199200 204 207 214 215 218219 254 315 337 355 356 359 360al-Sulami, jurist 60 61 72Alaca Hısar, battle of 105Albania (Albanian) 70 88 9495 105 349Aleksei Mihailović, tsar of Russia 89Aleppo (Haleb) 340Alexander, grand duke of Lithuania 190Alexandru Cornea, voivode of Moldavia 305 400Alexandru Ghica, prince of Wallachia 320 408Alexandru I Aldea, voivode of Wallachia 64 114 130 191 206 209 214 296 323 399 Alexandru II, voivode of Moldavia 117 304 308 401Alexandru Iliaș, voivode of Wallachia and Moldavia 234 287 309 312 326 339 402403Alexandru IV Lăpușneanu, voivode of Moldavia 282 291 309310 400401Alexandru Mavrocordat, Ottoman diplomat 174Alexandru Moruzi, voivode of Moldavia 235 407Algiers (Cezayir) 349Ali Efendi Akkermani, mufti 14 16 322 325Ali pașa, grand vizier 345Anatolia (Anadolu, Anatolian) 40 54 94 101 109 132 179 194 252 275 347348 384Andros 31 100 101 130 342 376Ankara 97 109Ankaravi Mehmet Emin Efendi, șeyh ül-Islam 15Anna of Savoy, Byzantine empress 296Apafy, Michael, I, prince of Transylvania 223224 233 304 403404Arabia (Arab, Arabic) 7 912 37 42 44 46 49 51 54 64 65 66 68 70 83 87 92 153 157 172 186 196 207 236237 253 265266 292293 294 298 316 318 320 329 333 348 349Argeş, battle of 105 108 137Arifi pașa, Ottoman foreign minister 363Armenia (Armenian) 43 51 88 265 317 319320 333 336 392Aron the Tyrant (Tiranul), voivode of Moldavia 223 314 401Așıkpașazade, Ottoman chronicler 57 58 63 64 71 73 93 99 105 110 111 114 118 119 130 147 167 304 306 323Athens, Duchy of 98Athos (Athos Mountain) 170 349Austria, see Habsburg Empire Aydın, emirate of 101Azov (Azak) 384Baghdad (Baǧdad) 6 9 32 395Bahçesaray, capital of the Crimean Khanate 104Balkans 49 63 68 102 109 117 128 130 142 184 189 226 293 303 323 329 333 338 344 349 368Balša II, lord of Lower Zeta 95Balta Liman, treaty of 30 373Banu ad-Dibah, Arab tribe 82Banu al-Harith, Arab tribe 82Banu Kanan, Arab tribe 82Basarab II, voivode of Wallachia 188 399Basarab Laiotă, voivode of Wallachia 115 137138 143145 149 226 245 247 296 399Basarab the Younger (cel Tânăr), voivode of Wallachia 194 400Bathory, András (Andrew), prince of Transylvania 312 402Báthory, Christopher, prince of Transylvania 302 401Báthory, Sigismund, prince of Transylvania 30 239 267 297 312 401402 Báthory, Stephen, king of Poland 30 187 194 242Bayezid I, Ottoman sultan 8 49 52 54 56 70 9597 105 106109 111 120 128129 186 200 229 296 304 398Bayezid II, Ottoman sultan 21 42 47 377 5758 65 67 71 74 119 146 152 167 171 178 187188 195 214 227 377 399400Belgrade 51 51 56 75 114 116117 125 140 181 251 371 374Bender (Tighina) 70 82 160 243 308310 385 395Benfurt (Ebenfort) 83Berbers 44Berlin, treaty of 117Bessarabia 225 371 385Bethlen, Gabriel (Gábor), prince of Transylvania 30 133 185 193 209 231 238 259 287 303 309 312 331 368 402403Bibescu, Gheorghe, prince of Wallachia 365366 408Black Sea (Kara Deniz) 16 59 117 119 146147 307 312 322 338 391Bocignoli, Michael, Ragusan patrician 221 296Boǧdan (Moldavia) 118 120 141. 147 160 161 178 224 244 252 257 265267 269 270 281 286 354 363 369 383385 Bogdan II, voivode of Moldavia 302Bogdan III the Blind (cel Orb), voivode of Moldavia 120 122 124 138140 143145 222 245 399400Bogdan Lăpușneanu, voivode of Moldavia 137 279 288 297 308 401Bornemissza Pál, captain of Ineu 59Bosnia (Bosna) 43 83 91 94 9798 105 158 186 225 252 289 308 363 368Bostanzade Mehmed Efendi, șeyh ül-Islam 16 228 369Brăila (Ibrail) 44 161 243 328 333 340 361 370Brașov 64 91 134 136 160 194 198 206 226 271 302 314 323 327 365 372Brèves, François Savary de, French ambassador to the Ottoman Empire 182 209 273Bucak 310 236 362Bucharest (Bükreș) 62 370 371 374Bucovina 120 225 371Buda (Budin) 52 59 116 125126 127 140 192 129 224 251 275 308 311 349 354 371Budapest XBulgaria 94 96 104 105 107 109 129 158 202 330 344 363Burgas 161 340 386Burgundy, duke of 109Byzantium (Byzantine Empire, Rum) 40 69 82 88 92 9495 99 107 128 132 158 179 186 188 197 202203 265 330 394Caffa, see KaffaCălugăreni, battle of 53Candarlı Ali pașa, grand vizier 9Cankerman, see OchakovCantemir, Dimitrie, scholar; voivode of Moldavia VIII 22 55 65 68 72 81 8486 88 93 112 115 120 122 138139 143144 153155 172 190 205 207208 210 222 224 234 245246 260 265 267 272 277281 283 290 293 297 320 371 376 404405Carol of Hohenzollern, king of Romania 345 408409Casimir IV, king of Poland 29 136 239 302Çatalcalı Ali Efendi, șeyh ül-Islam 15 289Caucasus 104Chalcocondil (Chalcondyles), Laonic, Byzantine chronicler 54 55 56 60 63 83 90 95 96 97 98 99 100 111 115 184 186 188 191 296Charles de Ferriol, French ambassador in Istanbul 208 210 255Chios (Keos) 100 101 146 296 334 342 353Christopolis 94Çirmen 9597 269 387Claparède, Arthur de 345Codignac, Michel de, French ambassador to the Ottoman Empire 255Constantin Șerban, voivode of Wallachia 148 Constantin Brâncoveanu, voivode of Wallachia 16 173 218 220 232 234235 261262 278 281 289 404405Constantin Duca, voivode of Moldavia 290 291 404405Constantin Mavrocordat, voivode of Wallachia and Moldavia 234 305 331 342 370 405406Constantin Movilă, voivode of Moldavia 283 290 291 402Constantin Racoviță, voivode of Moldavia 280 405406Constantin Șerban, voivode of Wallachia 230 403404Constantine Cantacuzino, duke of Naxos 101 Constantine XI Paleologus (Palaiologus), Byzantine emperor 98 186Constantinople 31 51 54 67 95 9899 101 117 122123 134 140 142 146 153 169 188 203 273 277 279 283284 288 309 331 333 338 347 348 391 Çorlulu Ali pașa, grand vizier 207 210Cossacks 307 312 326 353 368 372Count Orloff, Russian plenipotentiary 137 145 245Crete 216 363Crimea (Crimean Khanate, Tartary, Tatars) IX, 44, 45, 7n21, 58, 70n82, 88–89, 103–104, 118, 131, 235, 243, 264n14, 266, 273n58, 296, 301, 308–310, 312n24, 324, 326, 348n10, 349, 353, 377, 391Crispo dynasty, dukes of the Archipelago 101Cyclades (Cycladic islands) 31 94 100101 130 342 376Cyprus 8 88 174 211 215 320 348Czech 333D’Ohsson, Ignace Mouradgea, Swedish orientalist and diplomat  5 8 12 14 23 42 43 46 56 66 72 73 81 8283 86 89 157 207 210 211 213 214 215 216 227 274 293 334 342Damascus 92 340Dan II, voivode of Wallachia 64 112 130 134 186 302 398399Danube (Danubius, Tuna) 24 4754 58 62 64 67 7375 84 105107 109113 115116 121122 129130 152 154 219220 227228 239240 251 274 291 296297 307308 311312 312 322 325 329333 339342 356 376 396397Danubian principalities XI 51 57 104 132 308 312 315 330 345 366 370 372Dejanović, Konstantin, Serbian magnate 306Delacroix (De la Croix), secretary of the French embassy in Istanbul 274 372Demetrius Paleologos, Byzantine despot 98 100 204Devlet Giray I, Crimean khan 309 324Dimitros Ramadanis, Greek chronicler 147 148 173Dniester (Turla) 16 119 236 396Dobruja (Dobruca, Dobrogea) 62 105 112Doré de Nion, French Consul in Bucharest 365366Dubrovnik, see RagusaDucas, Byzantine chronicler 54 56 60 63 80 83 95 97 98 99 100 110 113 114 128 133 134 142 146147 151 158 184 186 188 190 191 197 198203 216 226 277 296Dulcigno, city in Montenegro 95Dutch Republic (Holland) 27 43 47 173 182 183 184 193 335 337 341 393Ebu-Işak Kara Ismail Na‘im Efendi, șeyh ül-Islam 20 220 228 316Ebu-Sa‘idzade Feyzullah Feyzi Efendi, șeyh ül-Islam 15Ebussuud Efendi, șeyh ül-Islam 8 15 61 211 214215 226 253 294 393 395Ecaterina, wife of voivode Mihnea II of Wallachia 288 365Edirne, see Adrianople Edmund Harvel, English diplomat 120Eflak (Wallachia) 24 49 57 105 106 107 108 111 114 115 130 141 160 161 224 225 244 257 266 269 276 281 286 287 294 295 322 323 340 341 354355 361 363 368 369 385 387389 392 396397Egypt (Mısır, Mısr) 1011 157 226 247 253 334 348350 363 363 364 392 395Elizabeth I, queen of England 335England (Ingiltere) 28 133 168 173 182184 193 197 208 335 337 341 390Enoz (Aenos), city in Thrace 99100Erdel (Transylvania) 125 265267 269 294 323 363 383 387389 391Esad Efendi, șeyh ül-Islam 62Eton, William 246 247 346 364Europe (European) VII 3 12 26 3132 34 4041 4547 51 52 54 55 68 75 79 80 88 9394 9798 106 112 116 129 132 134 145 152 186 189 194 198200 203 220 229 240 245 251 254 299 305 313 315 341 342 344 347 352 358 366 375376Ferdinand I, Holy Roman emperor 125 187 401Ferdinand, archduke of Austria 125Feridun Bey Nişancı, Ahmed Ruhsanzade 28 29 30 126 168 173 181 184 185 192 193 197 208 209 213 234 238 287 335 336 337 341 373 374Filippo of Scolari (Pippo Spano), count of Temeșvar and Ozora 112 77Firuz bey, sancakbeyi of Scutari and Bosnia 67 105Firuzbeyoǧlu Mehmed bey 64 114 323Fleury, N., French consul in Jassy 364Focșani 105 137 144France (Franca) 388 27 28 172 173 175 180 182184 192 208 213 255 335 337 341Galata 90 94 169170 265 388Galați 51 295 330Gallipoli 99 333Gasparo Graziani (Gașpar Grațiani), voivode of Moldavia, duke of Paros and Naxos 101 291 300 309 402Gattilusio, Domenico, lord of Lesbos 99 99 201 202 203Gattilusio, Dorino, lord of Lesbos 99 201Gattilusio, Francesco, lord of Lesbos 99Gattilusi, Genoese family 99 202 202 448George Branković, Serbian despot 95 140 195George Castriot Skanderbeg, lord of the Principality of Kastrioti 95George Sphrantzes, Byzantine chronicler 97 98 184 210Georgia 348Georgius of Hungaria, Dominican friar 90Germigny, Jacques de, French ambassador to the Ottoman Empire 273Gheorghe Duca, voivode of Moldavia 148149 278 404Gheorghe Ștefan, voivode of Moldavia 148 403Giacomo Soranzo, Venetian ambassador 300Gilan, emir of 349Giorgio (George) Basta, count of Huszt 136 402 Giray dynasty 88 89 103104 131 225 235 309310 321 324 353 377Giurgiu (Yerköǧi), fortress 67 110111 113 130 154 340 342 370 397Giustiniani family, rulers of Chios 101Gniński, Jan, Polish–Lithuanian ambassador to the Porte 372Golubac, fortress 97Great Britain, see EnglandGreece (Greek) 9798 99 101 105 110 133 138 148 149 169 170 173 189 198 201 265 269 277278 280 282 317 320 330 333 349 392Grigore I Ghica, voivode of Wallachia 277 403404Grigore II Ghica, voivode of Moldavia and Wallachia 263 301 355 405Grigore III Ghica, voivode of Moldavia 299 307 406 Grigore Ureche, Moldavian chronicler 118 120 135 136 137 139 146 147 237 242Habsburg Empire (Habsburgs) 16 20 2729 4041 5152 59 61 70 86 88 90 116 125 127 136 172 173 175 177 180181 187 190 195 210 220 223 225 251252 255 264 273 303307 310311 313 315 325326 355 367371 374 375 393 398399 401 404405Hadji Giray, founder of the Crimean Khanate 103Hârșova 91Harun al-Rașid, Abbasid caliph 10 87 196 226Hayr al-Din pașa, grand vizier 100Heraclius, Byzantine emperor 7 82Herzegovina (Hersek) 9899 389Hindustan 6Hirah, city in Mesopotamia (Iraq) 92 Hoca Sa’adeddin Efendi, șeyh ül-Islam, chronicler 56 57 67 96 97 104 106 110 114 119 129 132 134 167 229Hospitallers, Order of the 305Hotin 51 82 243 277 295 301 361Hrebljanović, Lazar, ruler of Moravian Serbia 97 129Hrisant Nottara, patriarch of Jerusalem 231Hudaibiya, treaty of 8 171 180 211Hungary (Hungarians) 45 49 5152 56 71 90 9698 104 105 106108 113 114 115116 120 125126 127 128 136 138 150 152 160 171172 177180 186 191 198 205 209 223 251 253 266 268 275 304305 313314 324 333 335 348 367368 371 376 391392Hunyadi, János (Iancu de Hunedoara), voivode of Transylvania 73 128 195 201 302 399Ianache (Ienache) Văcărescu, Wallachian boyar 111 137 144Ibn Hanbal, jurist 5 72Ibn Kemal, see KemalpașazadeIbn Malik, jurist 5Ibn Taimiya, jurist 5 60 86 92 154 158 169 219 293 318Ibrahim I, Ottoman sultan 216 341Ibrahim pașa, grand vizier 252 370Ibrahim Peçevi, Ottoman chronicler 57 120 121 150 158159 160 224 238 276Idris Bitlisi, Ottoman chronicler IX 8 49 56 57 67 73 74 86 92 96 104 105 106108 109 110 113 114 129 217 219 227 229 266 298 324 333Ieremia Movilă, voivode of Moldavia 233 290 291 292 306 402Imam Mahmud Efendi, șeyh ül-Islam 16 218 220Imbros 94, 99–100, 203–204Ioan Mavrocordat, voivode of Wallachia 135 405Ioan Teodor Callimachi, voivode of Moldavia 149 278 406Ioannina 170Ion Neculce, Moldavian chronicler 82 119 139 142 155 237 245 272 273Iran 61 88 253 301 319Iraq 153 157 395Irina, Byzantine empress 87Iskender pașa 133 339Islam Giray II, Crimean khan 104Istanbul X 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 25 27 30 58 118119 147 156 161 178 202 208 210 218 225 232235 253 255 261 268 270 272273 277 278 279 283 286287 307 313 315 322 324 329 338340 342 359 362363 372 384 388 390391Ivan Alexander, tsar of Bulgaria 96Ivan Shishman, tsar of Tarnovo 96 129130Ivan Stratsimir, tsar of Bulgaria in Vidin 96 109Izzet Mehmed pașa, grand vizier 225Jajce, capital of the Bosnian kingdom 98 289Jassy (Iași), capital of Moldavia 30 246 330 364 374John Choniates, duke of Naxos 101John I Albert, king of Poland 120 136 145 221John the Terrible (Ion Vodă cel Cumplit), voivode of Moldavia 166 308 401John V Paleologus, Byzantine emperor 95 296John VI Cantacuzino, Byzantine emperor 95 173 296John VII Paleologus, Byzantine emperor 95 296Joseph Nasi, duke of Naxos 101Kaffa (Kefe) 58 94 103 269 349 391 Kameniça (Kamaniçe, Kamʾjanec, Kamjanec) 51 313 322 355 391Kara-Çelebi-Zade, Ottoman chronicler 55 56 57 97 106 119 120 159 167 417Karınovası 105106Karlowitz, treaty of 41 90 127 173 174 210Katib Çelebi, Ottoman chronicler 50 70 287Kazan, khan of 349Kemalpașazade (Ibn Kemal), șeyh ül-Islam, chronicler  IX 47 48 49 57 75 104 106 114 119 253 355 391Kephalos, fortress on the island of Paros 100Khaireddin Barbarossa 348Khalid b. al-Walid, Muslim army commander 92 318319Kilia (Kili, Chilia), fortress 58 65 67 118 119 122 167 214 333 340341 391Kisrá (Khosrow II), Sassanid great king 82Kırım khanı, see CrimeaKıvami, Ottoman chronicler 47 58 71 74 119 166 167Koca Hüseyin, Ottoman chronicler 56 57 67 96 106 110 111 114 218 119 167 218 221 228Koca Sinan pașa, grand vizier 86 175Konddyles, Constantine 101Köprülü Mehmed pașa, grand vizier 230 234 273Köprülüzade Ahmed pașa, grand vizier 233 304305Kosovo Polje, battles of 96 97 104 191 303 Kozmin 120Kritobulos (Critobul) of Imbros 54 6667 83 86 9497 99 113115 186 191 203204 285Küçük-Kaynarca, Treaty of 30 244Lazarević, Stephen, despot of Serbia 304 Le Maire, André Alexandre, French consul in Ragusa 364Lebanon 294 363Lemnos 94 98 99 100 203 204 Lesbos 94 99 99 146 201 203 392Lipova 59 70 91 236 323Lithuania 190 304 341 367Louis I, king of Hungary 104Louis II, king of Hungary 125 400Louis XV, king of France 364Lubieniecki, Polish envoy 52Lütfi pașa, grand vizier, chronicler 50 57 110 114 119 120 121 167Lvov 51Macaroǧlu Ali pașa, sancakbeyi of Niğbolu 197 198 198 327Maghreb 349Mahmud I, Ottoman sultan 234 301 305 342 355 361 369 370 405Mahmud II, Ottoman sultan 10 320 320 407 408Mahmud pașa, grand vizier 98 99Makarios Melissenos, Greek chronicler 97Malkoçoǧlu Bali bey, Ottoman military commander 56 67 120 304Mamluk (Dynasty) 54 176 180 193Mangop, fortress in Crimea 103Manuel II, Byzantine emperor 128 186 201 202Marin di Cavalli, Venetian ambassador 300Maritsa, river 97Márkházi, Paul, challenger to the Transylvanian throne (bey of Lipova) 91Marko Kraljević, ruler of Prilep 97 306Martinuzzi, George, cardinal, archbishop of Esztergom 220 286 286 287Matei Basarab, voivode of Wallachia 235 285 342 403Matthias Corvinus, king of Hungary 132 171Maximilian II Habsburg, Holy Roman emperor 187 187 195Mecca (Meccans) 6 8 60 179 200 211 348 389 391Medina 348 389 391Mehmed bey, sancakbeyi of Nikopol 116 144 275 323Mehmed bin Mehmed, Ottoman chronicler 53 96 110 114 119 119 120 129 167 229 303 303Mehmed Giray, Crimean khan 88 89Mehmed I Çelebi, Ottoman sultan 110 130 141 184 188 191 201 226 228 298 398Mehmed II, Otoman sultan 7 7 11 13 21 30 47 54 56 57 67 83 84 86 90 94 95 98 99 100 103 114 115 116 117 117 118 118 119 123 124 128 132 133 142 146 147 152 156 169 180 184 185 186 186 187 188 191 193 195 197 201 202 203 204 209 285 289 299 302 305 337 360 367 377 399Mehmed III, Ottoman sultan 23 31 65 67 86 90 184 187 213 228 231 233 306 307 312 335 402Mehmed IV, Ottoman sultan 24 29 30 31 71 183197 233 273 285 287 304 322 355 362 373 403Mehmed Munib ‘Ayntabi 10 10 17 423Mehmed Neșri, Ottoman chronicler 56 57 57 71 96 104 106 110 111 114 119 129 141 167 303Mehmed Pașa Küçük Nişanci, Ottoman chronicler 121Mehmed Tahir b. Mehmed Rahimi 12 253Mengli Giray I, Crimean khan 103 103Menteşizade Abdurrahim Efendi, șeyh ül-Islam 15Mevkufati, Mehmed b. Mehmed Efendi 12 18 48 320Miaskowski, W., Polish ambassador 51 51Michael the Brave (Mihai Viteazul), voivode of Wallachia 52 53 65 67 136 213 217 221 228 258 275 297 304 402Midhat paşa, grand vizier 363Mihai Cantacuzino, stolnic of Wallachia 115 138 143 144 145 222 238Mihai Racoviță, voivode of Moldavia and Wallachia 235 243 301 307 405Mihail I, voivode of Wallachia 111 112 137 191 398Mihail Sturza, prince of Moldavia 320Mihajlović, Konstantin 44Mihaloǧlu Ali bey 56 64 71 73Mihnea II the Renegade, voivode of Wallachia 30 91 144 159 234 234 241 255 287 289 298 308 365 368 401Mihnea III, voivode of Wallachia 403Mihul, Moldavian Chancellor (Logothete) 83 117Mingrelia 268 348Minkarizade Yahya Efendi, șeyh ül-Islam 15 410Mircea the Elder (cel Bătrân), voivode of Wallachia 8 45 49 51 86 104 105 107 108 128 129 137 145 201 219 219 222 228 245 247 296 306 377 398Mircea the Shepherd (Ciobanul), voivode of Wallachia 241 291 300 314 365 365Miron Barnovschi, voivode of Moldavia 16 270 289 403Miron Costin, Moldavian chronicler 16 81 133 173 222 289Mısır (Mısr), see Egypt Mohács, battle of 116 125 160 251 371 379 Molla Hüsrev, șeyh ül-Islam 11 11 292 334Moors 44 215Morea, Despotate of 62 94 98100 146 330Morocco 180Muhammad, the Prophet 4 7 62 82 83 92 169 179 180 196 197 197 199 200 211 211 227 318 329 330 389 394Muhieddin el-Cemalı, Ottoman chronicler 120 121 125 125 126 143 150 266Murad I, Ottoman sultan 94 95 95 97 128 129 130 130 173 186 190 209 296 303 389 398Murad II, Ottoman sultan 64 69 74 95 97 98 102 102 113 113 114 130 134 142 147 158 186 186 188 191 198 199 209 214 304 323 398Murad III, Ottoman sultan 21 24 28 30 102 149 159 175 187 212 241 255 287 302 303 308 335 356 401Murad IV, Ottoman sultan 6 16 29 30 89 188 188 289 326 373 403Musa Çelebi, Ottoman prince and claimant to the Ottoman throne 110 187Mustafa Ali, Ottoman chronicler 49 49 56 57 106 120 159 160 268Mustafa I, Ottoman sultan 23 29 188 373 402Mustafa III, Ottoman sultan 72 141 290 319 340 370 406Mustafa Naima, Ottoman chronicler 67Mustafa pașa, grand vizier 6 9 10 71 311Mustafa pașa, muhafız of Hotin 295Mustafa Selaniki, Ottoman chronicler 16 149 150 233 266 270 27576 288 292Mustafa, mübașir 16 218 262Mytilene, see LesbosNadjran ix 8 34 83 329Nasuh Matrakçi, Ottoman chronicler 47 57 71 120 121 159Nasuhpașazade Hüseyin pașa, beylerbeyi of Buda 59 129Naxos (Duke of Naxos) 32 100 101 130 296 342 353 376Neagoe Basarab, voivode of Wallachia 51 119 195 234 271 274 400Nederlanda, see Dutch Republic (Holland)Nicholas i, tsar of Russia 366Nicolae Alexandru, voivode of Wallachia 136Nicolae Costin, Moldavian chronicler 45 118 120 129 133 134 136 139 223 242 245 246Nicolae Mavrocordat, voivode of Moldavia and Wallachia 232 243 273 291 303 328 405Niğbolu (Nikopol), fortress 49 96 107 109 116 144 269 308 309 310 311 323 327 340 362 369 393Nikephoros I Logothete, Byzantine emperor 87Nişancı Mehmed pașa, Ottoman chronicler 54 7071 121 179Nogay Tatars (Nogay tribes) 349 362North Africa (North African) 174 179 348 349Ochakov (Özü, Oczakow, Oceakov) 62 243 308 319 386Olesnicki, Sbigniev, bishop of Cracow 117Oltenia 371Ömer bey, Ottoman general 98Orhan 71 95 128 173 203 296 398Oruc bin Adil, Ottoman chronicler 56 57 69 106 110 114 119 149 150 167Osman I, founder of the Ottoman dynasty 39 71 398Osman II, Ottoman sultan 23 81 225 276 309 312 332 339 354 402Otural bey 101Papal States (the Pope) 14 98 99 268Paris, treaty of  32 90Paros 100 100 101 130 342 376Passarowitz, treaty of 29 173 181 371 374Paszto, Count John of 129 130Paul of Aleppo, archdeacon of Aleppo 330 Pera 255 265 338 364Persia (Persians) 27 44 66 82 172 179 237 319 333Peter I, tsar of Russia 190 Petru the Lame (Petru Șchiopul), voivode of Moldavia 223 242 401Petru the Younger (Petru cel Tânăr), voivode of Wallachia 291 304 309 323 339 342 401Petru Aron, voivode of Moldavia 83 117 124 128 180 202 204 297 337 399Petru Rareș, voivode of Moldavia 47 52 116 120 122 124 129 138 140 145 147 155 156 209 222 223 245 251 252 267 267 269 275 304 308 313 314 365 369 371 400Petru the Earring (Petru Cercel), voivode of Wallachia 283 401Petru Vartic, Moldavian boyar 222 Phocaea 99 Pisa 174 180Piyale pașa, kapudan-pașa 101Poland xiii 27 28 29 43 51 51 52 56 67 81 88 89 90 120 121 129 133 136 137 146 159 172 175 177184 186 190 192 194 197 208 209 225 246 252 266 268 269 288 302 304 308 309 310 313 314 333 335 338 341 355 367 372 373 391 392.Poles 82 88 120 128 129 137 138 188 221 265 268 307 310 312 336 341 372Pontus, Prince of 106Portugal 268Prusa (Bursa) 107 112 112 142 147 Radu Bădica, voivode of Wallachia 272 278 400 Radu Greceanu, Wallachian chronicler 232 281Radu I, voivode of Wallachia 104Radu II Praznaglava, voivode of Wallachia 64 112 198 226 398Radu Leon, voivode of Wallachia 148 278 287 403Radu Mihnea, voivode of Wallachia and Moldavia 133 273 291 331 402Radu of Afumați, voivode of Wallachia 116 144 271 272 275 278 279 299 Radu Paisie, voivode of Wallachia 270 308 400Radu Popescu, Wallachian chronicler 108 116 137 275 296 Radu Șerban, voivode of Wallachia 148 278 367 402 Radu the Fair (cel Frumos), voivode of Wallachia 115 115 186 188 191 272 285 305 377 399Radu the Great, voivode of Wallachia 91 270Ragusa (Ragusan) ix, xiii, 27n100, 31, 43n31, 102–104, 130, 155n92, 183, 185, 186n102, 187, 198n46, 221, 233, 268n33, 294n22, 296, 298n40, 316n4, 321, 322, 325, 338, 342, 343n129, 346n7, 348n10, 353, 356, 358n33, 363n47, 364, 368, 369, 371, 376, 378, 387 Rákoczy, Francisc, prince of Transylvania 273 286Rákoczy, George, I, Prince of Transylvania 30 59 129 133 148 192 195 287 297 328Rákóczy, Sigismund, prince of Transylvania  30 303Rami-Mehmed Efendi, Ottoman statesman 174Rhodes 202 288 288Richard Knolles, English historian 100 105109 112115 120 125127 140 418Rodosizade Mehmed Ayasluği 9Romania (Romanian) V VII X XV 3 26 29 79 117 123 124 162 173 190 202 216 225 232 233 237 238 241 244247 267 274 278 296 330 331 332 344 345 358 362 363 371 377 379Romanian principalities (Romanian countries) 91 156 162 186 244 246 247 267 309 353Rovine, battle of 108 296 304Rudolph II, Habsburg emperor 52 221 367Rumeli Hisarı, fortress 203Rumelia (Rumeli) 11 56 61 109 111 118 130 132 203 234 308 311 333 348 356 394Rusçuk (Ruschuk, Ruse) 311 323 339 340 340 342 342 370 394Russia (Russian Empire) 27 29 40 61 61 72 82 86 88 89 104 172 173 175 183 190 222 225 245 246 313 315 335 345 363 366 367 370 371 371 373 375 392Rüstem pașa, grand vizier 57 105 106 119 120 167Safa Giray, Crimean khan 224225 354Safavid (Dynasty) 6 88 253 319Saint Catherine of Sinai Mountain, monastery 170 170 317Salih Munir pașa, Ottoman ambassador in France 172Salonika (Selanik, Thessalonica) 157 395Samos 363Samothrace 98 99 100Santorin 342Savra, battle of (1385) 95Schiltberger, Johann, German traveller 44 109 333Scutari 95Selim I, Ottoman sultan 11 21 42 49 187 253 253 347 348 400Selim II, Ottoman sultan 8 21 30 137 159 187 195 198 211 213 225 269 288 288 300 301 308 324 325 326 354 360 401Selim III 10 232 286 407Semendria (Semendire, Smederevo) 225 252 308 311 395Serbia (Serb) 44 94 97 102 104105 107 129 146 158 158 186 191 209 266 304 330 345 349 363 367 368Seydi Ahmed pașa, cavalry commander 59Sibiu 116 130 271 272 296 365Sicily 153 153Sigismund I of Luxemburg, king of Hungary 45 52 107 108 113 129 130 398Sigismund I, king of Poland 52 121 129 213 225 252 252 370 371Sigismund II Augustus, king of Poland 143 159 187 208 213 225 269 288 354Sigismund III Vasa, king of Poland 187 193 Silahdar Fındıklılı Mehmed Ağa, Ottoman chronicler 41 70 70 86 181 223 223 224 293 306Silistre 50 62 64 65 67 96 112113 113 219 227 228 269 269 279 304 308 309 310 311 320 320 340 340 342 349 362 395Simeon Dbir Lehați 51Simion Movilă, voivode of Wallachia 231 273 283 310 402Sinai (Mount Sinai) 170 317 317 349 Siyavuș pașa, grand vizier 234Solakzade Mehmed Hemdemi, Ottoman chronicler 73 119 134 424 Sotvin (Schottwien) 83South Africa 344Spain 50 63 66 181 205 268 330 390St. John Prodromos of Serres, monastery 170Stephen the Great, voivode of Moldavia xii 7 30 47 46 58 9293 118 118 124 132 133 136 138 139 142 145 145 146 147 152 184 188 190 193 202 203 215 217 221 226 227 239 245 255 285 295 297 299 302 304 367 377 399 Stratsimirović, Gjergj 95Suceava 50 120 121 136 155 158 159Süleyman pașa, beylerbeyi of Rumelia 57 118 Süleyman II, Ottoman sultan 62 70 234 404Süleyman Kanunî (the Lawgiver), Süleyman the Magnificent, Ottoman sultan viii 6 21 24 30 47 49 49 50 55 57 59 101 116 120 120 125 126 126 143 152 158 158 159 159 160 161 162 173 187 192 194 208 209 212 213 216 216 222 224 224 225 227251 251 252 253 253 254 255 256 268 269 270 271 272 275 282 290 291 304 308 309 311 313 313 314 314 321 323 339 342 347 354356 360 365 370 377 379 381 400Széged, treaty of 181 205Șarih ül-Menaroǧlu Ahmed, Ottoman chronicler 270 270Șehin Giray, Crimean khan 321Șerban Cantacuzino, voivode of Wallachia 134 285 404Șirvan, emir of 275 349Ștefan Cantacuzino, voivode of Wallachia 161 231 233 235 270 282 283103 286 299 405Ștefan II Tomșa, voivode of Moldavia 133 402 Ștefan Lăcustă, voivode of Moldavia 121 238 400Ștefan Petriceicu, voivode of Moldavia 277 404Ștefan Tomșa, voivode of Moldavia 291 401Ștefăniță, voivode of Moldavia 235 313 314 314 400Șükrüllah, Ottoman chronicler 47 48 49 49 57 71 104 109 110 110 111 141 184 191 355Tabanıyası Mehmed pașa, grand vizier 59Tarnovo, Tsardom of 96 96 130 228Tartar (s), Tartary, see CrimeaTemeșvar (Timișoara) 25 70 112 191 236 276 304 308309 396Tenedos 99Thasos 98100 201 Theodosie, voivode of Wallachia 271 400Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, English statesman 120 Thornton, Thomas 120 138139 156 272 273 279 281 346 364 365Timur Lenk, founder of the Timurid Empire 70 106 109Tomaš, Stjepan, king of Bosnia 97Tomașević, Stephan (Stjepan), king of Bosnia 97Topkapı Palace X 14 25 31 103 170 313 384Trebizond (Trabzon) 95 146 265 396Tripoli of Libya (Trablus-u Garb) 294 340 349 Tripoli of Syria 294 340Tudor Vladimirescu, leader of Wallachian uprising 220Tunis (Tunus)  51 155 174 180 349 Turahan bey, Ottoman military commander 98 113Turkey X 51 51 346 352 363 364 366 394Tursun bey, Ottoman chronicler 47 57 58 63 94 98 99 114 119 217 227 255 285 295Tvrtko I, king of Bosnia 97 Tvrtko II, king of Bosnia 97Tylicki, Piotr, bishop of Culm and Vice-Chancellor of Poland 53Ujvár, siege of 306Ukraine 307 353 368Umar ibn al-Khattab, caliph 157Umayyad (Dynasty, Caliphate) 63 66 329 357United Principalities 345Uzun Hasan, șahinșah of Persia 7 54 302 305Valea Albă, battle of 73 118Varna 96 98 342 Vasile Lupu, voivode of Moldavia 333 342 403Vaslui 118 128 Vasvár, Treaty of 41 86 210Venice x xiii 8 27 42 88 88 98 100 101 120 133 133 168 172 174 177 177 178 179 179 182 183 184 185 185 192 192 194 194 202 208 209 211 212 268 296 297 302 335 336 338 356 396 Vesselenyi, Francisco 223224Vidin, Tsardom of 96 96 105 109 229 301 308 310 319 333Vienna 27 40 62 105 125 138 208 209 258 345 371 373Vlach 349Vlad the Evil (Dracul), voivode of Wallachia 64 113 142 147 186 191 219 227 298 304 323 324 399Vlad the Impaler (Țepeș), voivode of Wallachia xii 87 114 115 123 134 146 147 158 186 191 204 285 285 295 299 399Vlad the Younger (cel Tânăr), voivode of Wallachia 271Vlad Vintilă, voivode of Wallachia 270 400Vladislav I, voivode of Wallachia 104Vladislav II Jagiełło, king of Poland 190 191Vladislav III, voivode of Wallachia 136 271 400Vladislav IV Vasa, king of Poland 29 89 373Vukčić-Kosača, Stjepan, grand duke of Bosnia 98Yahya b. Adam, Hanafi jurist 298 357Yemen 353Yemișci Hasan pașa, grand vizier 306Yenişehirli Abdullah Efendi, șeyh ül-Islam 15Yusuf Sinan (Șeyhi) 74Zaganos pașa, grand vizier 169Zamoyski, Jan, grand chancellor of Poland 315Zante 88Zápolya, John Sigismund, prince of Transylvania 30 125 126 127 140 149 150 152 187 251 269 291 308 309 377 401Zápolya, John, king of Hungary 120 125 150 152 173 173 266 377 400Zbaraski, Jerzy, Polish-Lithuanian prince 305Zenbilli Ali Efendi, șeyh ül-Islam 15 15 226 228 253 253Zsitvatörök, treaty of 86 181 209 264 348