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Glossarial Index

All references are to the Latin text. References to proper names that are alluded to in the text, but not explicitly mentioned, are enclosed in square brackets. Eobanus’s name is omitted when it occurs in the titles and headings of his own works. For a key to the abbreviations, see pp. 804–812 above.

Acheron, a river in the underworld; hence, the underworldIdyl. 5.121.Achilles, the greatest Greek hero at TroyVenus 1.83; Idyl. 4.31; magnus Val. 3.21. See also Aeacides.Acidalius, a, um, Acidalian; associated with the love goddess Venuscauma Idyl. 8.66; cuspis Venus 1.126.Actius, a, um, of Actium, a promontory on the western coast of Greece where Octavian defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra in a naval battle (31 BCE)littora Venus 1.147.[Adamus], Adam, the first manIdyl. 2.18.Adonis, a handsome youth beloved by Venus, killed by a boarIdyl. 6, arg. 1; dives Venus 2.177.—, a shepherd ladIdyl. 2.58.Adriacus, a, um, Adriatic, of the Adriatic Searanae Idyl. 11.146.Aeacides, the Greek hero Achillesferus Idyl. 13.94. See also Achilles.Aedera or dy Eder, the Eder River, a tributary of the FuldaIdyl. 1.132m, 133; 5.51m; aurifer Idyl. 5.51; vagus Idyl. 1.132; vitreus Idyl. 6.40.Aegidius, the former Benedictine monastery of Saint Aegidius (Giles) in Nuremberg, from 1526 home to the city’s evangelical academydivus Hypocr., t.p.; ded., tit.; sanctus Nurenbergensis Hypocr., tit.Aegineta. See Paulus Aegineta.Aegle, a shepherdesspulchra Idyl. 1.40.Aemilianus, Emperor Maximilian I (r. 1493–1519)Venus 3.27.Aeneades, the descendants of Aeneas; the RomansVenus 1.114.Aeneas, the Trojan hero, son of Anchises and Venus, mythical ancestor of the RomansVenus 1.94, [114; Idyl., 1.ded. 48; 2.ded. 46]; pius Idyl. 13.95.Aeneides, epics like Vergil’s Aeneidinnumerae Venus 1.248.Aeous, a, um. See Eous.Aepolus, a goatherdIdyl. 9, arg. 1; 9, tit.; 9, passim as speaker; 9.4, 33, 56.Aesculapius, a healing deity (Asclepius), son of Apollo and Coronis, father of the physicians Podalirius and MachaonVal. 2.245m; 3, tit. ante 9; [3.9–12]. See also Epidaurius; Paeon.Aeson, father of the Argonaut Jason, rejuvenated by the sorceress Medeavetulus Val. 2.141.Aesonides, the Argonaut Jason, son of Aeson, husband of MedeaVenus 2.100. See also Iason.Aetna or Aethna, Mount Etna on SicilyIdyl. 10.98; patria Venus 1.75.[Agamemnon]. See Atrides.Agavus, a pastoral name for Johann Crotus RubianusIdyl. 12, arg. 2; 12, tit.; 12, passim as speaker; improbus Idyl. 12.12. See also Crotus Rubianus.Agenorides, a descendant of the Phoenician king AgenorVenus 1.103 (Cadmus and Perseus); 1 R.106 (Cadmus). See also Perseus.Agrigentinus, a, um, of Agrigentum in SicilyEmpedocles Val. 3.72.Aiaces, the two Ajaxes, heroes before TroyVenus 1.89.Albis, the Elbe Riverplacidus Idyl. 17.231.Alcides, Hercules, a descendant of AlceusVenus 1.56; quis Idyl. 14.152. See also Hercules.Alcon, Cretan archer, whose arrows never missed the markGnosius Idyl. 4.32.Alexander, Alexander the Great (356–323 BCE)Val. 2.299, 299m; 3.57, [58–60; Eleg. 1.116]; fortis Eleg. 1.117; magnus Venus 1.106.Alexis, a handsome lad in Vergil’s second eclogue, loved by Corydonaliquis Idyl., 1.ded. 71; 2.ded. 69.Alpes, the AlpsIdyl. 11.15.Alpinus, a, um, of the Alps, Alpinearces Venus 3.35.Amalthaeus, a, um, of Amalthea, the goat that suckled the infant Jupiter on Crete, later placed among the stars as Capellasydus Idyl. 9.86.Amathusia, Venus, worshiped at Amathus on CyprusVenus 1 R.120. See also Venus.Amor, god of love, CupidIdyl. 3.58, 64, [101–105]; 7.62; crudelis Idyl. 10.63; durus Venus 1.200; improbus Idyl. 3.101; incestus Venus 1.240; indomitus Venus 1.1; insanus Idyl. 7.66; sagittifer Idyl. 10.83; tener Venus 1.61. See also Cupido.Amores, gods of loveVenus 1.[28–36], 230; 1 R.138; Venus 3.11; aligeri Venus 1.27; blandi Venus 2.238; coelivagi Venus 1.255; ridentes Venus 1 R.154; volucres Venus 1 R.2. See also Cupidines.[Amphion], king of Thebes, husband of Niobe; he built the walls of Thebes by the power of his musicVenus 1.154–155.Amphitrio, the mother of Hercules by JupiterIdyl. 13.95.Amyntas, a shepherdIdyl. 7.127; sceleratus Idyl. 9.41; stultus Idyl. 4.35.Anchises, the father of AeneasVenus 1.95; tuus Venus 2.42.Andinus, a, um, of Andes, a village near Mantua, birthplace of Vergil; hence, Vergilianversus Idyl., 1.ded. 17; 2.ded. 15; Idyl. 8.1; oves Idyl. (B), lim. 2. See also Virgilianus.Anglia, Englandfera Val. 1.606. See also Britannia.Anglicus, a, um, Englishcasei Val. 1.606m.Anna, Anna of Mecklenburg (1485–1525), the widow of Landgrave William II of Hesse[Idyl., 2.ded. 89, 92; Idyl. 6.72–85, 115–122]. See also Galatea.—, Anna Truchseß of Grünsberg, outside of Nuremberg (d. 1573), who married Joachim Camerarius on 7 March 1527Venus 1 R.190–199]; 2, [passim], 120, 163, 231; blanda Venus 2.185; formosa Venus 2.111.Antiochus, Antiochus I Soter, Seleucid king of Syria (r. 281–261 BCE), son of Seleucus I NicatorVal. 2.298; 3.46, [47].Antonius, the triumvir Mark Antony (143–87 BCE), Cleopatra’s loverVal. 3.61; Venus 1.146.Antonius Musa. See Musa, Antonius.Aon, Boeotian hero; hence, Boeotia, Mount HeliconVenus 2.51, 285.Aonides, the MusesVal. 1.215; Venus 2.[51], 305; 3.11; Idyl. 1.21; 4.69, 73, 81, 89, 97; 14.143; ipsae Eleg. 3.56; puellae Venus 2.45. See also Musa.Aonius, a, um, Aonian, of Mount Heliconcorona Idyl. 11.61; laurus Idyl. 12.108; nemus Idyl. 2.27; vertex Venus 1 R.138, 155; colles Idyl. 8.15; sorores (Muses) Idyl. 1.55.Aperbacchus, Petreius, the Erfurt humanist Petrejus Eberbach (ca. 1480–1531/32)Idyl. 4, arg. 1. See also Tityrus.Apollineus, a, um, of Apollocorona Idyl. 12.110.Apollo, the sun god, patron of the arts and medicine; the sunVal., 1.ded. 14; Val. 1.[1], 3, 531; 2.371; 3, tit. ante 1; 3.[1–9], 36; app. 2.4; 3.3; Venus 1.4; 1 R.52; [2.114]; Idyl. 1.14, 17, 54; 10.14; 11.111, 179; 13.101; 15.3, 11; aversus Idyl. 8.96; investis Idyl. 14.44; lauriger Eleg. 1.21; Medicus Val. 2.410; 3.101; noster Val. 1.264; praesens Idyl. 5.86; ridens Idyl. 11.59. See also Christus; Phoebus; Pythius.—, Christ[Val. 1.1]; maximus Idyl. 2.84.Aquilo, the north windVenus 1.211. See also Boreas.Arabs, an ArabVal. 2.261; 3.85.[Archimedes], the Greek mathematician Archimedes of Syracuse (ca. 287–212 BCE)Eleg. 1.110.Arctous, a, um, northernDanus (Christian III of Denmark) Idyl. 13.58; ora Val. 1.325.Arethusius, a, um, of the spring Arethusa at Syracuse, Sicily, where Theocritus was bornflumina Idyl., 1.ded. 51; 2.ded. 49.Argicida, ae, Argus-slaying, Argicideensis Venus 2.31.Argivus, a, um, Greekiuventus Val. 3.13. See also Graecus.Argolicus, a, um, Greekhorti Eleg. 1.59. See also Graecus.Argus, the hundred-eyed giant, killed by MercuryVenus 2.7–8.—, a sharp-eyed criticEleg. 3.98.—, a pastoral name for Eobanus HessusIdyl. 5, arg. 1; 5, tit.; 5, passim as speaker; 5.6, 84. See also Hessus.Ariadna, daughter of King Minos and Queen Pasiphae, lover of TheseusVenus 1.209.Aries, the Ram, a sign of the zodiacVal. 1.60.[Arion], lyre player from Methymna in Lesbos, saved from drowning by a dolphinVenus 1.152–153.Aristarchus, the textual critic Aristarchus of Samothrace (ca. 217–145 BCE); hence, an exemplary textual criticVal., 2.ded. 21.Aristoteles, the Greek philosopher (384–322 BCE)Val. 2.253; 2.253m; doctus Venus 1.179.Arsacides, the Parthiansvicti Venus 1.129.Asclepiades, Greek physician of Prusa in Bythinia (124–60 BCE)Val. 3, tit. ante 41; [3.41–44]. See also Prusiacus.Ascraeus, a, um, of Ascra in Boeotia, birthplace of the poet Hesiodvalles Idyl. 12.122.Asia, Asia MinorVal. 3.34.Asotia, Dissipation (personified)Hypocr. 69.Assaracus, king of Phrygia, grandfather of AnchisesVenus 1.95.Athenae, Athens, capital of AtticaAttides Idyl. 16.72; doctae Idyl. 14.72.Athlantis, idis, daughter of the Titan AtlasMaia Venus 2.10.Atrides, King Agamemnon, brother of Menelaus, leader of the Greek army in the Trojan WarVenus 1.84.Attis, idis, in AtticaAthenae Idyl. 16.72.Augustus, the emperor Augustus (r. 27 BCE–14 CE)Val. 3.94; Venus 1.128. See also Caesar.Augustus, a, um, imperialnumen Venus 3.39.Aurora, goddess of the dawn; hence, the dawn, the EastHypocr. B 4.67; Idyl. 12.1; renascens Idyl. 15.20.Ausonides, the RomansIdyl., 1.ded. 52. See also Romani.Ausonius, a, um, of Romedux (Nero) Idyl., 2.ded. 50. See also Romanus.Auster, the rain-bearing south wind; hence, the SouthVenus 1.212; humidus Idyl. 10.103.Avicenna, the Muslim physician-philosopher Ibn Sina (d. 1037)Val. 3, tit. ante 85; [3.85–88].Bacchicus, a, um, of the wine god Bacchusvitis Idyl. 15.69.Bacchius, Barptholomeus, Barthel Bach, by 1522 the town clerk of JoachimsthalEleg., t.p.; 1, tit.; [1, passim]; charissimus Eleg. 1.137; ingenio foelix tuo Eleg. 1.2.Bacchus, god of wine; hence also, wineVal. 1.[149–150], 618, [620], 648; 3.5; Idyl. 4.99; alter Val., 2.ded. 5; bis genitus Venus 1.53; immodicus Val. 1.143; oblitus modi Val. 1.148. See also Iacchus.Baetis. See Betis.Balthiacum Mare, the Baltic SeaIdyl. 11.16; [14.80].Baptista, the Italian poet Baptista Mantuanus (1447–1516), known as the “Christian Vergil”Idyl. 3, arg. 2; [3.22–35]. See also Faustus.Bardiacus, a, um, Illyriancucullus Idyl. 11.199.Barptholomeus Bacchius. See Bacchius.Battus, a pastoral name for Justus JonasIdyl. 4, arg. 1, 3; 4, tit.; 4, passim as speaker; 4.3, 58, 63, 116. See also Jonas.Baumgartnerus, Hieronymus, the Nuremberg patrician and councilor Hieronymus Baumgartner (1498–1565)Idyl. 16, tit., [passim], 15, 55, 172.Berenices, women like Queen Berenice II of Egypt (d. 221 BCE)Venus 1.162.[Bertold von Henneberg-Römhild], archbishop and prince elector of Mainz from 1484 to 1504Idyl. 8, arg 1.Betis, the Guadalquivir River in Spainolivifer Venus 3.20.Bilibaldus Pircaimerus. See Pircaimerus.Bion, Greek bucolic poet, born near Smyrna (ca. 100 BCE)Idyl. 6, arg. 1.Blemyae, the Blemmyae, a legendary Ethiopian peopleVenus 1 R.53.Boreas the north wind; hence, the NorthVal. 1.72; Idyl. 10.103. See also Aquilo.Bos, Taurus, a sign of the zodiacVal. 1.62.Britannia, Britainocciduo submota ponto Idyl. 14.79. See also Anglia.Budaeus, the eminent French scholar Guillaume Budé (1468–1540)Val. 2.303m.[Cadmus]. See Agenorides.Caesar, Caesar Augustus (r. 27 BCE–14 CE)Idyl. 13.25. See also Augustus.—, a Holy Roman emperor (Charles V)Venus 3.24, 30; magnus Venus 3.38. See also Carolus.Caesar, Iulius, Julius Caesar (100–44 BCE)Venus 1.[124–125], 126; Idyl. 6, arg. 1.Calipso, a shepherdessformosa Idyl. 6.1.Calliope, the Muse of epic poetry, queen of the MusesVal. 4, tit. ante 17; 4.17, [18]; Venus 2, tit. ante 101; [Idyl. 12.49–59]. See also Musa.Callirrhoe, a shepherdesslevis Idyl. 7.69; iam non mea Idyl. 7.137; mea Idyl. 7.61.Calphurnius, T., the pastoral poet T. Calpurnius Siculus, a contemporary of the emperor NeroIdyl., [1.ded. 51–52]; 2.ded. [49–50], 49m.Camaena. See Camoena.Camerarius Quaestor, Ioachimus or Iochimus, the German humanist Joachim Camerarius of Bamberg (1500–1574)Val., 1.ded. 16; Eleg. 1.61; Venus, t.p.; Venus 1.2, [3–13], 257, [258–265]; Venus 1 R., tit.; Venus 1 R., [passim], 69, 178, postscr.; Venus 2, tit., [passim], 112, 120, 162, 184, 226, 253, 277, 282; 3, tit., [passim], 4, 49; meus Val., 2.ded. 21.Camillus, a pastoral name for Eobanus HessusIdyl. 1, arg. 1; 1, tit.; 1, passim as speaker; 1.2. See also Hessus.Camoena or Camaena, a Muse; hence also, verse, poetryIdyl. 2.19, 36, 46, 61, 78; honorata Idyl., 1.ded. 11; 2.ded. 9; maior Idyl. 13.73; mea Hypocr. B 4.91; Idyl., 1.ded. 57; 2.ded. 55; sterilis Idyl. 1.26; sylvicola Idyl. 1.61; tua Idyl. 5.87; castae Idyl. 10.15; dispares Val. 2.409; divae Idyl. 8.57; faciles Venus 2.101; Idyl. 9.64, 84; meae Idyl. 8.39; non graves Idyl. 3.34; nostrae Idyl. 5.34; 11.39; 16.27; peregrinantes tecum Venus 3.49; suae Venus 1.154; subitae Idyl. 5.83; tristes Idyl. 6.20. See also Musa.Canace, a shepherdessIdyl. 10.34, [35–80], 52, 59, 69; formosa Idyl. 10.45; mea Idyl. 10.77.Caper, Capricorn, a sign of the zodiacVal. 1.62.Capys, father of Anchises and grandfather of AeneasVenus 1.95.Carolus, Emperor Charles V (r. 1519–1556)Venus 3.23, 42. See also Caesar.Cassellae, Kassel, capital city of Hessepulchrae Idyl. 13.8.Castalius, a, um, Castalian, of the Castalian spring on Mount Parnassusfontes Venus 1 R.91.Cato, Cato the Elder, censor in 184 BCEnimium Romanus Val. 2.347.—, men of rigid morality, like Cato the Elder and his great-grandson Cato of Uticatetrici Venus 2.258.Catullus, the Roman poet C. Valerius Catullus (ca. 84–ca. 54 BCE)numeris operosus Venus 1.171.Celenus, the Harpiesdirae Val. 1.377.Celsus, Cornelius, Roman medical encyclopedist of the first century CEVal. 3, tit. ante 101, [101–104].Ceres, goddess of grain crops; hence also, grain, breadVal. 1.647; 3.1, 5; Venus 1.75; Idyl. 2.42; flava Idyl. 1.84; ipsa Val. 1.648; oleo perfusa Idyl. 2.49.Chaldaei, the ChaldeansVal. 2.261.Charites, the three GracesVenus 2.17, 124, 182, 308; 3.48; Idyl. 11.181; blandae Venus 2.32; formosae Venus 1.77; omnes Idyl. 1.106. See also Gratia.Charmis, Greek physician from Massilia (ca. 50 CE)Val. 3, tit. ante 77; [3.77–80].Chiron, the centaur Chiron, skilled in medicineVal. 3, tit. ante 21; [3.21–24]. See also Phyllirides.Chloris, a shepherdessformosa Idyl. 10.11; pulcherrima Idyl. 3.72.[Christianus], Christian III of Denmark (r. 1534–1559)Idyl. 13.58–59.Christianus Francobergensis, Ludovichus, Ludwig Christiani of Frankenberg (1480–1553), Eobanus Hessus’s first teacher at ErfurtIdyl. 1, arg. 1. See also Melisaeus.Christicola, a ChristianHypocr. 86.Christicola, ae, Christiananimi Idyl. 16.123.Christophorus, a, um, Christ-bearingVirgo (Mary) Idyl. 4.71.Christus, Christ, Jesus ChristVal., app. 2.6; Eleg. 1.114, 122, 133; Hypocr. 64, 79, [87–88], 92; Idyl. 2.15; [4.104]; 17.60, [61–67]; magnus Idyl. 8.86; redux Eleg. 2.1. See also Apollo; Deus.Chrysippus, Stoic philosopher of Soli (third century BCE), famed for his contributions to logicVal. 2.255, 255m.Chunratus Mutianus Rufus. See Mutianus Rufus.Cicero, the Roman orator and statesman (106–43 BCE)Val. 1.452; Venus 1.[140–141], 142; disertus Eleg. 1.119.—, an orator like Cicerosuus (Michael Roting) Eleg. 1.87; clari Idyl. 14.75.Circe, the sorceress Circe, who turned Ulysses’s companions into swine[Venus 1.91]; venefica Val. 2.241.Claudius, Roman emperor (r. 41–54)Val. 1.190, 539; 3.92; Venus 1.132.Cleopatra, Egyptian queen (r. 51–30 BCE)[Val. 3.61].—, women like Queen CleopatraVenus 1.162.Clio, the Muse of historyVal. 4, tit. ante 1; 4.1, [2]; Venus 2, tit. ante 123. See also Musa.Clitorius fons, a spring near the city of Clitor in northern Arcadia; those who drink of it thenceforth forswear wineVal. 1.645.Clodius, P. Clodius Pulcher (ca. 92–52 BCE), who exiled Cicero in 58nequissimus Venus 1.145.Cnidius. See Gnidius.Cocytius, a, um, of the Cocytus River in the underworld; hence, infernalregna Venus 1 R.59.Colchis, the Colchian sorceress Medea, who rejuvenated Jason’s father AesonVal. 2.142.Copia, goddess of PlentyVal., app. 1.4; Venus 2.148; Idyl. 1.84; 17.90; amica Val. 1.646; larga Hypocr. B 3.5; tota Val. 1.410.Cordus, Euricius, the German humanist and physician (1486–1535)noster Val., 1.ded. 16.Coricius, a, um, of Corycus in Ciliciacrocum Idyl. 6.63.Coronis, mother of Aesculapius, grandmother of PodaliriusVal. 3.16.Corycius. See Coricius.Corydon, a pastoral name for Eobanus Hessus (or some other German poet)Idyl. 11, arg. 2; 11, tit.; 11, passim as speaker; 11.1, 28, 60, 138. See also Hessus.[Cos], island in the Aegean Sea, birthplace of HippocratesVal. 3.33.Creon, the physician Acron of Agrigentum in Sicily (fifth century BCE)Val. 2, tit. ante 69, [69–72].Crinas. See Critias.Critias, the physician Crinas of Massilia (Marseille) in the first century CEVal. 3, tit. ante 73; [3.73–76].Critobulus, a physician to King Philip of Macedonia and Alexander the GreatVal. 2.299; 3, tit. ante 53; [53–56].Crocale, a shepherdessIdyl. 7.100.Croesi, men as wealthy as CroesusVal. 2.309; ducenti Val. 1.241.Crotus Rubianus, Ioannes, German humanist and theologian, a native of Dornheim (ca. 1480–ca. 1545)Idyl. 12, arg. 2. See also Agavus; Iarbas; Philaegon.Cupidines, CupidsVenus 1.25. See also Amores.Cupidineus, a, um, of Cupidsucci Venus 1 R.184.Cupido, god of love, son of VenusVenus 1, [passim], 15, 101, 252; 1 R., [passim], 72, 132, 179; 2.206; Idyl. 3.42, [43–45, 62–63, 81–82; 10.92]; adornatus genialibus telis Venus 2.95; ferox Venus 1.250; festa fronde revinctus Venus 2.82; victor Venus 1.18; Idyl. 15.23. See also Amor.Curtius, Quintus C. See Quintus.Cyclops, “The Cyclops,” Theocritus’s eleventh idylIdyl., 2.ded. 77m; 15, tit.Cydon, the city of Cydonia on the island of Cretealta Val. 1.430.Cydonia [mala], quincesVal. 1.430, 430m.Cygnus, a pastoral name (“swan”) for Eobanus HessusIdyl. 3, arg. 1; 3, tit.; 3, passim as speaker; 3.11, 66, 83, 91, 99. See also Hessus.Cynici, Cynic philosophersVal. 1.457.Cynthia, mistress of PropertiusVenus 1.168; formosa Venus 1.167.Cypria, the goddess of love, VenusVenus 1 R.24. See also Venus.Cyprias, the goddess of love, Venussuperba Venus 1.151. See also Venus.Cypris, the goddess of love, Venusadultera Venus 1.50; blanda Venus 1.259; diva Venus 1 R.118. See also Venus.Cythereius, a, um, of the island of Cythera, sacred to Venus; of Venusregna Venus 1 R.21. See also Venus.Cytheris, the goddess of love, Venusdiva Val. 2.144. See also Venus.Damascenus, a, um, of Damascuspruna Val. 1.439m.Damascus, capital city of Syriabarbara Val. 1.439.Danus, a DaneArctous (Christian III of Denmark) Idyl. 13.58.Daphne, the daughter of Peneus, changed into a laurel tree as she was being pursued by ApolloVenus 2.114; Idyl. 1.37.Daphnis, a deceased shepherd commemorated in Vergil’s fifth eclogue, identified with Julius CaesarIdyl. 6, arg. 1; extinctus Idyl. 1.100.—, a pastoral name for Eobanus HessusIdyl. 6, tit.; 6, passim as speaker; 6.1, 17. See also Hessus.Dardanus, a, um, Trojanpubes Venus 1.92.Daulias, adis, Daulian, of Daulis in Phocisales (a nightingale) Val. 1.375.Davides, the Psalmist David[Idyl. 8.88–89]; cythara insignis Venus 1.190.Davidicus, a, um, of King DavidPsalmi Hypocr., tit.Deianyra, Deianira, wife of HerculesVenus 1.208.Deidamia, wife of AchillesVenus 1.208.Deiphobus, the son of Priam, who married Helen after the death of ParisVenus 1.96.Delmata, a Dalmatianquidam (Sbrulius) Idyl. 11, arg. 1.Delphi, the people of DelphiVal. 1.531.Demosthenes, orators like Demosthenes (384–322 BCE)magni Idyl. 14.75.Desiderius Erasmus. See Erasmus Roterodamus.Deucalioneus, a, um, of Deucalion, who survived the great floodundae Venus 1.69.Deus, GodVal., 2.ded. 20; Val. 2.16, 30, 73, 213, 264, [265–268]; Venus 2.147, [166], 281; Hypocr. 20; B 1.8; B 3, [passim], 1, 15; B 4, [passim], 2, 36, 65; Idyl. 4, arg. 3; 4, [passim], 100; 8.70, 76; 11.173; 14.108, 119; 17.196; cuncta videns Hypocr. 40; ille Hypocr. B 3.21; immortalis Val. 2.72; ipse Val. 2.104, 190; Hypocr. B 2.14; Idyl. 3.19; muneficus Hypocr. B 4.32; omnipotens Hypocr. B 4.71. See also Christus; Spiritus.Dialectica, Dialectic, Logic (personified)Eleg. [1.90], 91–92, [93–95].Diana, virgin goddess of the hunt and the moonVenus 1 R.86; casta Venus 1 R.106.Dido, Queen of Carthage, Aeneas’s lovermoriens Venus 1.157. See also Phoenissa.Dioscorides, Greek physician and pharmacist of the first century CEVal. 3, tit. ante 61; [3.61–64].Dis, ruler of the underworld; hence also, the underworld itselfVal. 2.207; niger Idyl. 5.120; saevus Venus 1 R.59; Stygius Venus 1.47. See also Pluto.—, plutocratsmulti Idyl. 5.125.Dodona, a city in Epirus, famed for its sacred oakssacra Val. 1.441.Dryas, a dryad, tree nymphVenus 1.78; Idyl. 7.141; 16.4; nulla Idyl. 8.60.Eder. See Aedera.Edoni, ThraciansVenus 1 R.50.Elizabeta, St. Elizabeth’s in Marburgdiva Idyl. 6.60m.—, Elizabeth of Hesse (1502–1557), daughter of William II of Hesse, sister of Philip the Magnanimous[Idyl. 6.86–90].Elysium, abode of the blessed after death; heavenIdyl. 6.75.Empedocles, the natural philosopher Empedocles of Agrigentum in Sicily (ca. 500–430 BCE)Agrigentinus Val. 3.72.Endymion, a handsome youth loved by the moon goddesssuus Idyl. 10.72.Eobanus Hessus. See Hessus.Eous or Aeous, a, um, easternaura Idyl. 4.87; orbis Idyl. 2.16.Epidaurius, the healing god Aesculapius, worshiped at Epidaurusipse Val. 3.23. See also Aesculapius.Epidaurius anguis, the snake worshiped as a symbol of Aesculapius at EpidaurusVal. 2.79.Epyrus, Epirus, a region of northwestern Greece with the sacred oaks of DodonaVal. 1.380.Erasistratus, ancient Greek physician (ca. 250 BCE)Val. 1.299m; [2.297]; 3, tit. ante 45; [45–48].Erasmus Roterodamus, Desiderius, Erasmus of Rotterdam (1466–1536)Val. 2, tit.; 2.411; app. 1.4.Erato, the Muse of love poetryVal. 4, tit. ante 11; Venus 2, tit. ante 206; casta Val. 4.11. See also Musa.Erfurdia. See Erphurdia.Erfurdianus. See Erphurdianus.Erfurdiensis, e. See Erphurdiensis.Ericyna, the goddess of Eryx, Venusdiva Venus 1 R.51. See also Venus.Erinnys, one of the FuriesIdyl. 15.111. See also Furiae.Eriphyle. See Eryphile.Erophilus, the physician Herophilus of Chalcedonia in Asia Minor (ca. 300 BCE)Val. 1.299m; 3, tit. ante 49; [3.49–52].Erphurdia, the city of ErfurtVal., 1.ded. 20; Val. 3, tit.; app. 2.7; Idyl. 1.116, [117–124]; 2, arg. 3; 2.94m; 3, arg. 4; [3, passim]; 5, arg. 4; [5, passim]; 8, arg. 1; 12.53m; [16.128]; 17, tit.; 17, [passim], 84, 98; infoelix Idyl. 5.52; nostra Idyl. 17.54; pacis egens Idyl. 17.42; plus satis infoelix Idyl. 5.56.Erphurdianus, a, um, of ErfurtGeorgius Sturtiades Val., 2.ded., tit.Erphurdiensis, e, of ErfurtGymnasium Idyl. 1, arg. 1; medicus (Georg Sturtz) Idyl. 15, tit.Eryphile, Eriphyle, the treacherous wife of King AmphiarausVenus 1.204.Erysiptolis, protectress of the city of ErfurtIdyl. 17, tit.; 17, passim as speaker; 17.11.Euadne, the wife of Capaneus, who threw herself onto her husband’s pyreVenus 1.209.Euridice. See Eurydice.Europa, the continent of EuropeIdyl. 16.23.Eurus, the east wind; hence also, the EastIdyl. 8.91; 12.61; leves Idyl. 10.76; volantes Venus 1.31.Eurydice or Euridice, the wife of OrpheusVenus 1.209; dilecta Idyl. 1.52.Eurytus, a lovestruck shepherdIdyl. 10, tit.; 10, passim as speaker; 10.5–6, 13; 15, tit.; [15, passim]; bonus ille Idyl. 15.120; miser Idyl. 15.13; stultus Idyl. 15.110.Euterpe, the Muse of instrumental music and songVal. 4, tit. ante 3; 4.3; Venus 2, tit. ante 186. See also Musa.Falernum or Phalernum, Falernian wine; hence, a fine wineVal. 1.596; Idyl. 1.88.Fama, Fame (personified)Idyl. 13.110; vivis invida Val. 1.656.Fatum, Fate; hence also, fate, deathVal. 2.278; Eleg. 1.39, 71, 81; Venus 1 R.175; 2.215; 3.7; Idyl. 2.36, 65; 6.21, 27; 7.68; 9.16; 13.41; 14.76; 16.59; 17.17; dextrum Idyl. 17.194; nefandum Idyl. 1.51; benigna Eleg. 1.39; crudelia Idyl. 7.88; cuncta Venus 2.183; dubia Idyl. 17.45; inimica Idyl. 17.14; mea Eleg. 1.83; Idyl. 8.72; meliora Idyl. 3.142; misera Idyl. 17.98; pessima Idyl. 6.53; quae nam Idyl. 7.89; tam tristia Idyl. 6.17; ultima Idyl. 14.154. See also Parca.Faunus, a woodland deity, identified with PanIdyl. 8.4.Faustus, a shepherd in the first eclogue of Baptista Mantuanus’s Adolescentia, identified with Mantuanus himselfaliquis Idyl. 3.22; fluidus Idyl. 3.23; ille Idyl. 3.32. See also Baptista.Favonius, the west wind, associated with springtimegenitivus Idyl. 10.76; occiduus Idyl. 5.89. See also Zephyrus.Fernandus, Archduke Ferdinand (1503–1564), brother of Charles V, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, Holy Roman emperor from 1558Venus 3.25.Ficinus ab Lichtenavia, Ioannes, Johann Feige of Lichtenau (1482–1543), chancellor of Hesse from 1514Idyl., 2.ded., tit.; 2.ded. 1, [2–20], 21, 85, [86–108], 109, 113, [114].Floralius, a, um, of Flora, the goddess of flowersdona Idyl. 5.49.Fortuna, the blind goddess of Fortune, Lady Luck; fortuneVal. 2.373; 3.15, 44; Venus 3.13, [14–16]; Idyl. 7.13; 16.35, 115; 17.122, 197; fallax Idyl. 7.23; fautrix Idyl. 16.17; laeta Venus 2.178; liberior Val. 2.32; melior Idyl. 17.228; ridens Venus 2.196; utraque Val. 2.280.Franciscus, Saint Francis of Assisi (1181/82–1226)Hypocr. 73.Francoberga, Frankenberg in Hesse, where Eobanus attended grammar school from 1501 to 1504Idyl. 1.132m, 138m.Francobergensis. See Christianus Francobergensis.Fridericus, Elector Frederick the Wise of Saxony (r. 1486–1525)Idyl. 12, arg. 2.—, Friedrich Pistorius (1486/87–1553), since 1520 abbot of the Benedictine monastery of Saint Aegidius in NurembergHypocr., t.p.; ded., tit.; ded., passim; Hypocr., tit., 1, [3–7].Frisii. See Phrysii.Fulda, the Fulda River in HesseIdyl. 6.36; celer Idyl. 13.8; patrius Idyl. 3.16; rapax Idyl. 6.41; rapidus Idyl. 3.14.Furiae, the FuriesVal. 2.352; istae Idyl. 17.192; tristes Idyl. 5.121. See also Erinnys.Fusor aquae, Aquarius, a sign of the zodiacVal. 1.64.Gades, the city of Cádiz on the southwest coast of SpainVenus 3.2.Galatea, a pastoral name for Anna of Mecklenburg (1485–1525), the widow of Landgrave William IIIdyl., 2.ded. 92; 6.79. See also Anna.Galenus, the Greek physician Galen of Pergamum (ca. 129–ca. 216 CE)Val. 3, tit. ante 29; [3.29–40]; Iliacus Val. 3.81; magnus Val. 3.37.Gallia, France[Venus 3.32]; Idyl. 14.79.Gallicus, a, um, of Francerura Venus 3.32.Gallus, the Roman poet and general C. Cornelius Gallus (69/68–26 BCE)Venus 1.164.Garamantes, a desert-dwelling people in southwestern LibyaVal. 2.338.Gemini, the Twins, a sign of the zodiacVal. 1.64.Georgius Spalatinus. See Spalatinus.Georgius Sturtiades. See Sturtiades.Gera. See Hieras.[Gerlach von der Marthen]. See Marthen, Gerlach von der.Germani, the GermansVal. 1.607m; Idyl. 2.94m. See also Teutonici.Germania, GermanyVal. 1.607; Eleg. 1.65; 2.15; 3.61; Idyl. 11, arg. 1; [11, passim; 13.57; 17.126]; 14.32; [16.66]; [app. 5]; bellipotens Idyl. 14.78; fracta dubiis fatis Idyl. 17.45.Germanus, a, um, German, of Germanylaus Eleg. 1.132; orbis Idyl. 17.126; poeta Idyl. 11, arg. 2. See also Teutonicus; Teutonis; Teutonus.Gigantes, the Giants, sons of Heaven and Earth, who stormed the heavens, but were struck by Jupiter’s lightning bolts and buried under Mount EtnaIdyl. 11.161; 14.149.Gnidius, a, um, of Cnidus, a town in Asia Minor with a celebrated statue of Venus by Praxitelesdiva (Venus) Venus 1 R.102.Gnosius, a, um, of Gnosus, the ancient capital of CreteAlcon Idyl. 4.32.Gosus or Gosiberg, the Gossberg, a hill north of Frankenberg (Hesse)Idyl. 1.138m; frondens Idyl. 1.138.Gotha, city in Thuringia, where Mutianus Rufus livedIdyl. 2.94m; 8, arg. 1, 3; parvo condita colle Idyl. 2.92.Graece, in the Greek languageIdyl. 1, arg. 4.Graeci, the GreeksVal. 1.505; Idyl. 9, arg. 1. See also Graii.Graecia, Greecetota Val. 3.18; Venus 2.64.Graecus, a, um, Greekfoenum Val. 1.459, 459m; literae Idyl. 8, arg. 1. See also Argivus; Argolicus; Graius.Graia, Greek (language)[Venus 2.282]; Idyl. 16.112.Graii, the Greeksveteres Venus 1.173. See also Graeci.Graius, a, um, GreekMusae Idyl. 14.71. See also Graecus.Grammataeus, Henricus the mathematician Heinrich Schreyber of Erfurt (ca. 1492–1525/26)Val. (A), t.p.; noster Val., 1.ded. 11.Grammatica, Grammar (personified)Eleg. 1.89.Gratia, goddess of grace (Charis)Val., app. 2.1–2; Venus 2, dramatis personae; 2, passim, 56, tit. ante 73, 195, 221, 239, 260, 337; bene iuvantes Val., 2.ded. 20; haece Venus 2.327; ipsae Venus 2.110. See also Charites.Guilielmus, William II (1469–1509), landgrave of Hesse, father of Philip IIdyl., [2.ded. 89–91]; 6, arg. 2; [6, passim]; [8, arg. 1; 13.19, 33–34]; magnanimus Idyl. 13.105; magnus Idyl., 2.ded. 93. See also Iolas.Haebreus, a, um, Hebrewlingua Eleg. 1.63.Haemus. See Hemus.Hamadryades, hamadryads, nymphs of the woodsIdyl. 1.105; 16.3.Harpyiae, the Harpies, monstrous vultures with women’s faces; hence, vulturesVal. 1.377m.Hebraeus. See Haebreus.Hector, the greatest Trojan heroferus Venus 1.90; maximus Venus 1.94.Helena, Helen of Troy[Venus 1.86]. See also Lacena; Tyndaris.—, a casus belli like Helen of Troyilla Eleg. 3, postscr. 3.Heliacus, a, um, of Helius Eobanus Hessuscultus Venus 1 R.48. See also Hessiacus.Heliades, a pastoral name (“son of Helius,” i.e., of Apollo) for the laureated poet Hermann TrebeliusIdyl. 5.118, 118m; 12, arg. 2; 12, tit.; 12, passim as speaker; 12.109. See also Trebelius.Helicon, mountain in Boeotia, sacred to Apollo and the MusesIdyl. 12.90; 17.201.Heliconiades, the Heliconians, the MusesVenus 1 R.85. See also Musa.Heliconius, a, um, of Mount Helicontempe Idyl. 2.27.Helius Eobanus Hessus. See Hessus.Helvetii, the Swissclausi aeternis rupibus Val. 1.610.Hemus, mountain range in ThraceThreycius Venus 2.103.Hercinius, a, um, Hercynianrupes Idyl. 17.1; saltus Idyl. 16.129. See also Hercynia.[Hercules], the mythical Greek hero, famous for his Twelve LaborsVenus 1.55–61, [193–194]; Idyl. 13.95. See also Alcides.Herculeus, a, um, Herculean, of Herculesfretum Venus 3.2; labores Idyl. 12.99; laudes Venus 1.193; sagittae Idyl. 4.25.Hercynia, the Hercynian ForestVenus 1 R.31. See also Hercinius.Hercynius. See Hercinius.Herebordus Margaritanus. See Margaritanus, Herebordus.Hermannus Trebelius. See Trebelius.Hermione, daughter of Menelaus and HelenVenus 1.204.Herophilus. See Erophilus.Hesiodus, the Greek poet Hesiod of Ascra (ca. 700 BCE)Val., 1.ded. 1; [Idyl. 12.122]; memor accepti beneficii Val., 1.ded. 7.Hesperides, nymphs of evening, who guarded the golden apples in the western OceanVenus 2.173.Hesperius, Hesperian, westernlittus Venus 3.1.Hessi, Hesse; the Hessians; HesseIdyl. 2.ded., tit.; 6, arg. 2; 8, arg. 1; 13, tit.; alacres Val. 1.609; fortes Idyl. 10.50; monticolae Idyl. 1.81.Hessia, Hesse[Idyl., 2.ded. 1, 110; Idyl. 1, arg. 1]; Idyl. 1, [passim], 129; 6, arg. 5; [6, passim]; 13, [passim], 122. See also Hessus.Hessiacus, a, um, of Hesse, Hessianagri Idyl. 6.60; leo Idyl. 13.12; montes Idyl. 5.51.—, of Eobanus Hessuschelis Val. 2.2. See also Heliacus.Hessis, idis, of Hesseterra Idyl. 6.44.Hessus, Eobanus, Helius Eobanus Hessus (1488–1540)[Eleg. 1.65–84; 3, passim]; Venus 1R, tit.; Venus 1 R., [passim], 4, 27, 169; Hypocr., lim. 1; Idyl. 2.3; 4, arg. 1; 8, arg. 4; alter (Hunus) Val., 1.ded. 16. See also Argus; Camillus; Corydon; Cygnus; Daphnis; Polyphemus.Hieras, the Gera River flowing through ErfurtIdyl. 1.118; 3, arg. 4; 12.53, 53m; piscosus Idyl. 3.12; vagus Idyl. 3.1.—, the river god GeraIdyl. 17, tit.; 17, passim as speaker; 17.7.Hiericola, ae, on the Gera Riverurbs (Erfurt) Idyl. 16.128.Hieronymus Baumgartnerus. See Baumgartnerus.Hippocrates, Greek physician of Cos (ca. 460–ca. 375 BCE)Val. 3, tit. ante 25; 3.[25–28], 29, [30–35]; magnus Val. 3.33.Hispaniae, SpainVenus, t.p.; Venus 3, tit.Hohemburgum, the town of Homberg in HesseIdyl. 8, arg. 1.Homerus, Homer, the poet of the Iliad and OdysseyVal. 2.237m, [238–247]; bonus Eleg. 3.95; divinus Val. 2.237, 331; 3.19. See also Maeonius.—, poets like Homerplures Venus 1.246. See also Meonides.[Horatius], the Roman poet Horace (65–8 BCE)Eleg. 3.95–96.Horrisonus or Horselberg, the Hörselberg, a mountain to the east of EisenachIdyl. 5.90, 90m, [110–121].Hortensius, the Roman orator Q. Hortensius Hortalus (114–50 BCE), notorious for his extravagant banquetsaudax Val. 1.387.Hunnus, a Hun, HungarianVenus 3.26.Hunus, Martinus, Martin Hune of Gittelde, a faculty member at Erfurt, candidate of medicine together with Eobanus HessusVal. (A), t.p.; Val., 1.ded. 16; Val. 2.[1], 2, [3–9], 401, 401m, [402–409; app. 1.2, 5].Hybla, a mountain on Sicily, famed for its flowering herbs and beesSicula Idyl. 8.27.Iacchus, the wine god BacchusVal. 3.1; facilis Hypocr. B 4.43. See also Bacchus.Iarbas, a learned shepherd, identified with Crotus Rubianusdoctus Idyl. 9.86. See also Crotus Rubianus.Iason, the Argonaut Jason, husband of the sorceress Medeadurus Venus 1.103. See also Iasonides.Iberus, the Ebro River in SpainTartessiacus Venus 3.19.Ida, mountain range in Phrygia, not far from TroyVenus 1 R.103; Iliaca Venus 1.74; Phrygia Venus 2.41; Idyl. 10.74.Idaeus, a, um, Trojanlares Val. 3.18.Idalius, a, um, of Idalium, a mountain city in Cyprus, sacred to Venusdomina (Venus) Venus 1.107; ignis Eleg. 3.42; mons Venus 1.24; saxum Venus 1.14; colles Venus 1 R.67; ignes Idyl. 3.100; sedes Venus 2.312.Iessaeus or Iesseus, a, um, of Jesse, father of King DavidVenus 1.191; vates (David) Idyl. 8.89.[Iesus], Jesus Christ. See Christus.Iliacus, a, um, Phrygian, of Troyaurum Venus 1.203; Ida Venus 1.74.—, of PergamumGalenus Val. 3.81.Iliades, epics like Homer’s Iliadtercentum Venus 1.247.Ilus, son of Tros, founder of Ilium (Troy)Venus 1.95.Indi, the Indiansnigri Idyl. 2.32.Invidia, Envy (personified)Eleg., lim., tit.; Idyl. 14.96. See also Livor.Ioachimicae valles, the city of Joachimsthal (Bohemia), now JáchymovEleg. 1, tit.Ioachimus or Iochimus Camerarius. See Camerarius Quaestor.Iolas, a pastoral name for William II (1469–1509), landgrave of HesseIdyl. 6, arg. 1–2; 6, tit.; 6, [passim], 38, 65, 70, 74, 76, 81, 112; extinctus Idyl. 6.29; 13.34; laudatus Idyl., 2.ded. 91; magnus Idyl. 6.69; nobilis Idyl. 6.21; sublimis Idyl. 6.51. See also Guilielmus.Iole, daughter of Eurytus, king of Oechalia, carried off by HerculesOechalia Venus 1.58.—, a lovely shepherdessIdyl. 15, [passim], 28, 94; quaedam Idyl., 1.ded. 77; 2.ded. 75; formosa Idyl. 15.19.Ionas, Iustus, the humanist jurist and theologian Justus Jonas of Nordhausen (1493–1555)Idyl., arg. 4.1–2. See also Battus.Ionia, region in Asia Minorprisca Val. 1.367.Iovis, Jupiter, chief god of the Romans, identified with ZeusVal. 3.5; Venus 1 R.88; 2.23, 69; Idyl. 2.15; 11.142; ipse Idyl. 6.85; iratus Idyl. 14.150; magnus Venus 1.60; 1 R.117; 2.37; propitius Venus 2.342; supremus Venus 2.74; Tarpaeus Val. 1.591. See also Iupiter.Isenacum, the city of Eisenach in ThuringiaIdyl. 5, arg. 4; 5.90m, 91m.Italia, ItalyIdyl. 8, arg. 1.Italus, a, um, of Italyarva Idyl., 1.ded. 48; 2.ded. 46.Ithacus, the Ithacan (Ulysses)suus Val. 2.242. See also Ulysses.Iulus, son of Aeneas, legendary ancestor of Julius CaesarVenus 1.124.[Iuno], the wife of JupiterVenus 1.72–74; 2.41.Iunonius, a, um, sacred to Junoavis (peacock) Venus 2.9.Iupiter or Iuppiter, Jupiter, chief god of the Romans, identified with ZeusVenus 1.44, [69]; 1 R.44, [45–48; 2.10]; Idyl. 2.3; 9.87; 11.152; 15.85; ipse Venus 2.182; iratus Val. 3.11; nubicoga Venus 2.53. See also Iovis; Saturnigena.—, Jupiter Ammon[Venus 1.108].Lacena, Helen of TroyVenus 1.96. See also Helena.Laethaeus. See Lethaeus.Lanus, the Lahn River that flows through MarburgIdyl. 6.41; tuus Idyl. 6.60.Lanx, Libra, a sign of the zodiacvaga Val. 1.64.Laodamia, the wife of ProtesilausVenus 1.208.Latini, speakers of LatinIdyl. 9, arg. 1.Latinus, a, um, Latincarmen Idyl. 1, arg. 3; lingua Val. 1.316; Venus 2.283; Idyl. 16.111; pecus Idyl. (B), lim. 5; aures Idyl. 1, arg. 3; literae Idyl. 8, arg. 1; Musae Idyl. 11.185; 14.70; Pierides Idyl. 11.198.Latius, a, um, Latin, Romanaula Idyl. 13.25; nomen Idyl. 5.90; orbis Venus 1.116; Idyl. 14.16; rus Idyl. (B), lim. 4; Tybris Val. 3.24; Musae Idyl. 8.2; poetae Venus 1.155.Latmius, a, um, of Mount Latmus in Caria, where the moon goddess visited the sleeping Endymionsaxa Venus 1 R.112.[Lavinia], daughter of King Latinus, second wife of AeneasVenus 1.117.Lemnius, Vulcan, the blacksmith god, whose cult center was in LemnosVal. 3.2. See also Vulcanus.Leo, a sign of the zodiacVal. 1.60; calidus Idyl. 12.44.Lesbia, mistress of the Roman poet Catullusblanda Venus 1.172.Lethaeus, a, um, of Lethe, the river of forgetfulness in the underworldsomnus Idyl. 6.29.Leucippe, a shepherdessIdyl. 7.100.Libanus, Mount LebanonHypocr. B 2.11.Libs. See Lybs.Libycus, a, um. See Lybicus.Lichtenavia. See Ficinus ab Lichtenavia.Linus, mythical musician, son of ApolloVenus 1.152.Livius, the great Roman historian Livy (59 BCE–17 CE)Eleg. 1.118.Livor, Envy (personified)Hypocr. 70; Idyl. 5.106; edax Eleg. 3.10; Idyl. 2.ded. 83; iners Idyl., 1.ded. 85; moestissimus Eleg. 3.35. See also Invidia.Lollia, Lollia Paulina (d. 49 CE), third wife of Caligulaimproba Venus 1.134.[Lucanus], the Roman poet Lucan (39–65 CE)Venus 2.107.Lucifer, the light-bringer, sunHypocr. B 4.67; Idyl. 9.1. See also Phoebus.Lucina, goddess of childbirthVenus 2.152.Lucullus, the proverbially wealthy Roman general Lucius Licinius Lucullus (ca. 118–57/56 BCE)Venus 2.176.Luna, the moon goddess, twin sister of the sun god ApolloVenus 1.76; Idyl. 10.72.Luxus, Debauchery (personified)Hypocr. 68.Lybicus, a, um, of Libya, North Africanarena Venus 1.108.Lybs, the southwest windIdyl. 10.103.Lycaeum, the gymnasium near Athens where Aristotle taught; hence, a universitynescio quale Idyl. 9.93.Lycius, a, um, of Lyciaagrestes (frogs) Idyl. 17.143.Lycoris, mistress of the Roman poet Gaius Cornelius Gallusaversa Venus 1.164.—, a mistressnon ulla Idyl. 8.61.Lydia, a girl celebrated by Vergilformosa Venus 1.158.Macedae, the Macedonians; MacedoniaVal. 3.53; Eleg. 1.116; Idyl. 13.98.Macer, Aemilius Macer of Verona (d. 16 BCE), who wrote a poem on medicinal herbsVal. 3, tit. ante 109; [3.109–112].Machaon, Greek physician before Troy, son of Aesculapius, brother of PodaliriusVal. 2.245m; 3, tit. ante 17, [17–20].Maeonides. See Meonides.Maeonius, HomerIdyl., 2.ded. 100. See also Homerus.Magebucchus, Ioannes, Johann Magenbuch, municipal physician of Nuremberg from 1524 until his death in 1546Val., 2.ded. 19.Maia, mother of MercuryVenus 1.51; Athlantis Venus 2.10.Mantous, a, um, of Mantuapoetae (Vergil and Baptista Mantuanus) Idyl. 3.35.Mantuani, Mantuansduo (Vergil and Baptista Mantuanus) Idyl. 3, arg. 2.[Mantuanus, Baptista]. See Baptista.Margaritanus, Herebordus, the humanist and jurist Herbord von der Marthen (ca. 1480–1529)Idyl. 5.37m. See also Phileremus.[Maria], the Virgin MaryIdyl. 4, arg. 3; 4, passim.Maro. See Virgilius Maro.Marones, poets like Vergilgrande sonaturi Idyl. 13.119; mille Venus 1.247. See also Virgilius Maro.Mars, the god of war; hence also, war, battleVenus 1.93, 115; adhuc vinctus Venus 1.49; suus Idyl. 14.145. See also Mavors.—, the planet MarsVal. 1.75.Marsia, Marsyas, a satyr who challenged Apollo to a contest in flute playing, but was flayed aliveIdyl. 4.53; [8.96].[Marthen, Gerlach von der], Erfurt patrician and jurist (1465–1515), vicegerent of the archbishop of Mainz (1499–1504)Idyl. 5.39.[Martialis], the Roman epigrammatist Martial (late first century CE)Val. 1.396, 539–540.Martiburgum, the city of MarburgIdyl. 6.[42], 42m, 60m.Martius, a, um, of the war god Mars; hence, martialcastra Idyl. 16.99; facta Idyl. 13.118.Massylia, MarseillesVal. 3.76.Mavors, the god of warbellipotens Idyl. 14.5. See also Mars.[Medea]. See Colchis.Melanchthon or Melanthon, Philippus, the Wittenberg humanist and reformer (1497–1560)Val., 1.ded. 16; Eleg. 3.7, [59–60]; 3, postscr. 1; Idyl. 14, tit.; 14, [passim], 1; doctus Idyl. 14.46; noster Hypocr., ded. 2; pius Eleg. 1.97.Meleterus, a shepherdIdyl. 6, tit.; 6, passim as speaker; 6.7.Melinus, a sheepherderIdyl. 9, arg. 1; 9, tit.; 9, passim as speaker; 9.9, 53, 64.Melisaeus, a pastoral name (“singer”) for Ludwig Christiani of FrankenbergIdyl. 1, arg. 1; 1, tit.; 1, passim as speaker; 1.4, 11, 36, 49, 146; 12.64, 64m. See also Christianus Francobergensis.Melissa, a shepherdessnigra Idyl. 7.100.Melpomene, the Muse of tragedyVal. 4, tit. ante 7; 4.7, [8]; Venus 2, tit. ante 147. See also Musa.Menalcas, an older shepherdIdyl. 7, arg. 2; 7, tit.; 7, passim as speaker; 7.1, 8, 29, 85, 95.Menelaus, king of Sparta, brother of Agamemnon and husband of Helenflavicomus Venus 1.86.Meonides, poets like Homermagni Idyl. 14.75. See also Homerus.Mercurius, Mercury, son of Jupiter and Maia, messenger of the gods, patron of eloquence, inventor of the lyreVal. 3.2; Venus [1.51]; 1 R.47; 2, dramatis personae; 2, passim as speaker.[Messalina], Valeria Messalina (d. 48 CE), third wife of Emperor ClaudiusVal. 3.91; Venus 1.133.Midas or Mydas, a mythical king of Phrygia, proverbial for his riches and stupidity; he was given ass’s ears because he had no ear for Apollo’s musicVal. 1.242; app. 4.4; [Idyl. 4.55]; dives Val. 1.336.—, men as wealthy as King MidasVal. 2.309.Minciades or Mintiades, ae, born by the Mincio River; hence, Vergilianpoeta (Vergil) Eleg. 1.79; Musae Idyl. 8.11; 13.1. See also Virgilianus.Minerva, goddess of wisdom, patron of the arts and sciencesVal. 1.217; Venus [1.72–74]; 1 R.86, 100; 2.41. See also Pallas.[Minotaurus], a man-eating monster, imprisoned in the labyrinth on Crete, killed by TheseusVenus 1.100.Misenus, Aeneas’s trumpeterIdyl. 4.56.Mnemosyne, mother of the MusesVenus 2.73.Moenus, The Main RiverVenus 1 R.31; naviger Idyl. 6.43.Mogunciacensis, e, of Mainzpontifex (Archbishop Bertold von Henneberg-Römhild) Idyl. 8, arg. 1.Morpheus, god of dreamspraesens Idyl. 12.26.Moses, the lawgiver of the JewsVal. 2.233m; legifer Val. 2.233.Musa, a MuseVal., 1.ded. 8, 14; Val. 1.1, 400; 2.300, 371, 407; 3.95, 102; 4, tit.; 4.1, 17; app. 2.1–4; Eleg. 1.21, [22–26], 29, [32], 37, 40; 2.4, 12, 25; 3.[15–17], 18, [21–22]; Venus, t.p.; Venus 1.[3–4], 196, 238, 251, [257], 264; [1R.4, 79–93, 117–166]; 2, tit.; 2, [passim], 17, 26, 32, 55, 62, 74, 81, 93, tit. ante 101, 182, 241, 310, 336; [3.5]; Idyl., 1.ded. 82; 2.ded. 80; Idyl. 1.14, 17, [55], 98; 2, [passim], 7, 14, 19, 29, 40, 45–46, 52, 59, 61, 68, 70–71, 78; 3.42; 4.68, 77, 85, 93, 101; 11.178; 12.46, 47, 69, 89, 125–126, 128; 13.107, 109; 14.1, 29; 15.10; 16.9, [16.160–171]; 17.140, 210, 223; imprudens Idyl. 16.161; inops Val. 1.23; iocosa Venus, lim. 2; male cauta Eleg. 3.73; mea Val. 1.408; Eleg. 1.72, 77; Idyl., 2.ded. 99; Idyl. 1.20; 13.21; mea rustica Idyl. 8.12; nostra dolens Eleg. 3.8; pudica Val. 1.216; rustica Idyl. (B), lim. 1; secura sui Eleg. 3.14; tua Idyl. 1.11; 3.35; arvicolae Idyl. 2.7; castae Venus, lim. 3; certantes Idyl. 4.64; 17.138; doctae Idyl. 2.71; dulces Idyl. 2.11, 14, 29, 40, 52, 68; faciles Idyl. 11.121; faventes Idyl. 4.69, 73, 81, 89, 97; fugatae Idyl. 17.213; Graiae Idyl. 14.71; hae Idyl. 16.51; humiles Idyl. 13.103; inaudaces Idyl. 11.112; Latiae Idyl. 8.2; Latinae Idyl. 11.185; 14.71; meae Idyl., 1.ded. 43; 2.ded. 41; Idyl. 6.20; medicantes Idyl. 15.1; Mintiades Idyl. 8.10; 13.1; nostrae Hypocr., ded. 5; Idyl. 1.62; 16.57; novem Val., t.p.; Venus 2, dramatis personae; omnes Idyl. 17.31; peremptae Idyl. 17.201; Pierides Idyl. 12.125; 15.1; praesentes Idyl. 12.123; propitiae Val., 2.ded. 20; proscriptae Idyl. 14.45; pulsae Idyl. 16.64; reduces Idyl. 16.8; renatae Idyl. 14.84; salutiferae Val. 3.105; sanctae Idyl. 2.85; steriles Val. 2.313; sylvestres Idyl. 16.1; sylvicolae Idyl. 13.70; tristes Idyl. 14.3; ullae Idyl. 11.23; vestrae Idyl. 11.53; virgines Idyl. 13.123. See also Aonides; Calliope; Camoena; Clio; Erato; Euterpe; Heliconiades; Melpomene; Pieris; Polyhymnia; Terpsichore; Thalia; Thespiades puellae; Urania.Musa, Antonius, personal physician of Caesar Augustus, whom he cured of a serious illness in 23 BCEVal. 3, tit. ante 93; 3.[93–95], 96.Musaeum or Museum, Georg Sturtz’s beautifully decorated study, dedicated to Apollo and the MusesVal., 1.ded. 13–14; Val. 3, tit.; [4, tit.]; app. 2.1; app. 3, tit.; iste tuum Val., app. 2.6; Sturtianum Val. (A), t.p.; tuum Val., 1.ded. 13; app. 2.3.Musaeus, legendary Greek poet and singerVenus 1.152.Musicus, a, um, of the Musesantra Venus 2.286; castra Eleg. 1.46.[Muth, Johann], elder brother of Mutianus Rufus, from 1485 to his death in 1494/95 master of the kitchen for the archbishop of Mainz in the domain of ErfurtIdyl. 8, arg. 1.—, Mutianus Rufus’s younger brother (1468–1504), chancellor of Landgrave William II of HesseIdyl. 8, arg. 1.Mutiani or Mutii, the Muth family, to which Mutianus Rufus belongedIdyl. 8, arg. 1.Mutianus Rufus, Chunratus, the celebrated humanist, native of Homberg, canon in Gotha (1470/71–1526)Idyl. 2.94m; 4, arg. 3; 8, arg. 1, [2–5]; 8, tit.; 8, [passim], 36, 39, 93; notissimus per Aonios colles Idyl. 8.15. See also Thrasybulus.Mydas. See Midas.Mythridates, Mithridates VI, the Great (120–63 BCE), king of PontusVal. 2.257, 257m, [259].Mythridaticus, a, um, of Mithridates the Greattheriaca Val. 2.259m.Naias, a river nymph, naiadVenus 1.78; Idyl. 6.56; 7.141; 8.60; 10.32, 89; 16.3; 17.7; omnes Idyl. 1.105.Napaeae or Napeae, nymphs of wooded valleysIdyl. 1.106; 16.4; faciles Val. 2.405; Venus 1.78; molles Idyl. 7.141; tristes Idyl. 6.56.Narcissus, a lovelorn shepherdIdyl. 7, arg. 2; 7, tit.; 7, passim as speaker; 7.68, 81, 83, 104, 130; ille tuus Idyl. 7.148; miser Idyl. 7.159; noster Idyl. 7.55.Natura, Nature (personified)Val. 1.197, [198–204], 222; 2.215; 3.97, 100; Idyl. 2.81; 14,126; 15.52; 16.137; 17.121; admiranda Idyl. 9.38; difficilis Idyl., 1.ded. 13; 2.ded. 11; Idyl. 11.81; mirabilis Idyl. 9.42; praeses Val. 1.188.Nemphis, the Nemphe River, a tributary of the EderIdyl. 1.132m; parvus Idyl. 1.132.Nepa, Scorpio, a sign of the zodiactrux Val. 1.66.Neptunus, the sea god NeptuneVenus 1.46; 1 R.58; [Idyl. 17.235].Neraeus, a, um, of the sea god Nereus; hence, of the seafluctus Idyl. 10.98.Nereus, the sea god Nereus; hence also, the seaIdyl. 11.183; grandis Venus 2.334; ipse Venus 1.68; totus Idyl. 7.78.Nero, the Roman emperor Nero (r. 54–68 CE)[Idyl., 1.ded. 52; 2.ded. 50]; dirus Venus 1.130.Nessus, the Nesse River, near EisenachIdyl. 5.91m; gelidus Idyl. 3.15; undosus Idyl. 5.91.Nestor, wise old man who advised the Greeks before Troy, proverbial for his longevityIdyl. 13.79.Nilus, the Nile RiverVenus 1 R.54.Nisus, a pastoral name for Philip the Upright (1448–1508), elector Palatine from 1467Rhenanus Idyl. 6.47.Nomades, the Numidians, a nomadic people in North AfricaVal. 1.601.Noriberga, Norica berga, Nuremberga, or Nurenberga, the city of Nuremberg, the name of which was explained as stemming from the ancient NoriciVal., 2.ded. 4, 24; [Eleg.1–3, passim; Venus 2, passim]; Hypocr., t.p.; ded., tit.; ded. 5; Idyl., lectori, postscr.; Idyl. 13, postscr.; 16, tit.; 16, [passim], 31; 16, postscr.Noribergensis, e, of Nurembergpatricius ac consularis Idyl., 1.ded., tit.Norica berga. See Noriberga.Noricus, a, um, Noric, of Noricum; hence (by a pseudo-etymology) of Nurembergiuventus Eleg. 1.102; pubes Idyl. 16.106; schola Eleg., t.p.; Eleg. 1, tit.; Venus, t.p.; tellus Idyl. 16.135; urbs Eleg. 1.39; 2.11; Idyl. 16.156; Venus 2, post tit.; 2.54; moenia Eleg. 1.27; Venus 2.16; Idyl. 16.30; pectora Eleg. 1.135; regna Eleg. 2.52; rura Eleg. 1.20; Venus 2.65.Notus, the stormy south windVenus 2.278.Nuremberga; Nurenberga. See Noriberga.Nurenbergensis, e, in NurembergS. Aegidius Hypocr., tit.Oceanus, the OceanIdyl. 6.80, 121; 9.1; 10.102; 12.1, 10; 17.21.Odrysius, a, um, of ThraceRhesus Venus 1 R.126.Oechalius, a, um, of OechaliaIole Venus 1.58.Oenone, a Phrygian nymph, loved by ParisIdyl. 10.73.Olenius, a, um, Olenian, Aetoliancapra (the goat Amalthea) Idyl. 9.87.Olympias, an Olympiad; poetically, a period of five yearsoctava Idyl., lectori 8; quinta Idyl. 13.39.Olympus, the skyclarus Venus 1 R.173; stellatus Idyl. 11.197.[Opsopoeus, Vincentius], a humanist scholar and poet (d. 1539), who mocked Eobanus for writing a seven-foot hexameterEleg. 3, tit.; 3, passim.Oreas, mountain nymph, oreadIdyl. 1.109; mollis Idyl. 8.60; vagae Idyl. 16.5.Oriens, the EastIdyl. 14.76.Orpheus, legendary Thracian singer, husband of EurydiceVal. 2.235, 235m; Venus 1.152; 2.104; Idyl. 1.51.Ovidianus, a, um, by the Roman poet Ovidcarmen (Metamorphoses) Idyl. 7, arg. 3.[Ovidius], the Roman poet Ovid (43 BCE–17/18 CE)Venus 1.165–166.Pactolus, goldbearing river in LydiaVenus 2.174.Paean, a festive hymnlaetissimus Venus 2.116.Paeon, god of healing, identified with AesculapiusVal. 2.245. See also Aesculapius.Paestanus, a, um, of Paestum in Lucania, famed for its twice-blooming rosesrosa Idyl. 11.21.Palamedeus, a, um, of Palamedes, who invented several letters of the Greek alphabet by observing the flight of cranesaves (cranes) Val. 1.398.Palepaphius, a, um, of Palaepaphus (Old Paphus) on Cyprus, where Venus rose from the sea; hence, of Venus or her son Cupidarundo Idyl. 7.138.Pales, guardian deity of flocks and cattlediva Idyl. 5.64; montana Idyl. 5.63.Palladius, a, um, of Pallas Athene, Palladianpulvis Val. 1.99; Idyl. 12.95; urbs (Marburg) Idyl. 6.42; arces (University of Erfurt) Idyl. 17.135.Pallas, Pallas Athene, goddess of wisdomIdyl. 17.109, 113; pulsa Idyl. 14.162. See also Minerva.Pan, god of the woodlands and shepherds, half man, half goatIdyl. 1.141; 10.30, 88; capripes Idyl. 1.18; improbus Idyl. 4.41; ipse Idyl. 1.109; magnus Idyl. 5.64; 8.4; maximus Idyl. 5.62.Panes, woodland deitiesVenus 1.65.Paphia, the Paphian goddess, VenusVenus 1 R.84, 159. See also Venus.Paphius, a, um, of Paphus, a city on Cyprus sacred to Venus; hence, Paphian, of Venusarbor (myrtle) Venus 2.126; flammae Venus 1.177.Paphus, a city on Cyprus, sacred to VenusVenus 2.59.Parca, one of the goddesses of Fate who spin, measure, and cut off the thread of lifeVenus 2.142; Idyl., 1.ded. 22, 37; 2.ded. 20, 35; Idyl. [3.133–134; 6.22–28]; fatales Idyl. 6.22. See also Fatum.Paris, Paris of Troy, lover of Oenone, umpire of a beauty contest among three goddesses on Mount IdaVenus 1.74, 94; Idyl. 10.73.Parrhasis Ursa, the constellation Ursa MaiorVal. 1.604.Pasiphae, wife of Minos, mother of the MinotaurVenus 1.207.Paulus, the apostle PaulVal. 2.269, [270].Paulus Aegineta, the Alexandrian Greek physician Paul of Aegina (seventh century CE)Val. 3, tit. ante 37; [3.37–40].Pegnesis, idos, of the Pegnitz Riverora Eleg. 1.69; Venus 2.339; ripa Eleg. 1.25; unda Venus 2.15.Pegnesus, the Pegnitz River that flows through NurembergEleg. 1.28–29; Venus 2.19, 66, 286; Idyl. 16.[25–30], 130; pulcher Venus 2.311; Idyl. 16.24; viridis Eleg. 1.19.Pelides, Achilles, the son of PeleusIdyl., 2.ded. 100.Pelusiacus, a, um, of the city of Pelusium in Egyptzythum Val. 1.649.Peneius, a, um, belonging to the Peneus RiverTempe Eleg. 1.33.Peneus, river that flows through the Vale of Tempe in ThessalyVenus 2.18, 287; lauriger Eleg. 1.30; pulcher Idyl. 16.131.Permessis, source of the Permessus River on Mount Helicon, sacred to the MusesIdyl. 12.46.Persae, the PersiansVal. 2.261; Idyl. 14.103.Perseus, mythical Greek hero, brother of CadmusVenus 1 R.105. See also Agenorides.Persica [mala], peachesVal. 1.425, 425m.Petreius Aperbacchus. See Aperbacchus.Phaedra. See Phedra.Phalernum. See Falernum.Phaon, an old ferryman of Lesbos, rejuvenated by Venus after he took her across the straits of Chios without chargeVal. 2.143.Pharius, a, um, of Egypt, Egyptianaula Venus 1.148; ignes Val. 3.61.Phasiades, Phasian birds, pheasantsVal. 1.590.Phasis, a river in Colchis that flows into the Black SeaScythicus Val. 1.364.Phedra, wife of Theseus, stepmother of HippolytusVenus 1.205.Philaegon, a pastoral name (“one who loves goats”) for Crotus RubianusIdyl. 3, arg. 1; 3, tit.; 3, passim as speaker; 3.6, 82, 122; magnus Idyl. 9.47. See also Crotus Rubianus.Philantis, a lovelorn shepherdessIdyl. 7.60, 68; formosa Idyl. 7.101, 144; nivea Idyl. 7.56.Phileremus, a pastoral name (“one who loves solitude”) for Herbord von der MarthenIdyl. 5, arg. 1; 5, tit.; 5, passim as speaker; 5.1, 5, 35, 37m, 45, 68, 82, 99. See also Margaritanus, Herebordus.Philetas, a pastoral name for Georg SpalatinIdyl. 2, arg. 1; 2, tit.; 2.9, 57, 64; [10.91–92, 97]; meus Idyl. 10.91. See also Spalatinus.Philippus, Philip II, king of Macedonia (359–336 BCE), father of Alexander the GreatVal. 3.53; Venus 1.107.—, Philip of Acarnania, personal physician of Alexander the GreatVal. 3, tit. ante 57; [3.57–60].—, Philip the Magnanimous (1504–1567), landgrave of Hesse from 1509Idyl., 2.ded. [89–90, 95–98], 99, [110–112]; Idyl. 6, arg. 2; 6.[86–122], 92m; 13, tit.; 13, [passim], 10, 63, 106; generosus Idyl. 13.19; illustris Idyl., 2.ded., tit.; 2.ded. 87.—, Philip Melanchthon. See Melanchthon.Phillyrides. See Phyllirides.Philondas, a pastoral name for the humanist poet Riccardo SbruglioIdyl. 11, arg. 1; 11, tit.; 11, passim as speaker; 11.1, 11, 27, 53, 62, 84, 136; noster Idyl. 11.122. See also Sbrulius.Philotas, a lovestruck shepherdIdyl. 7, arg. 2; 7, tit.; 7, passim as speaker; 7.11, 47, 69; ipse Idyl. 7.91; mihi carus Idyl. 7.86.Phlegeton, river of fire in the underworld; hence, the underworld itselfIdyl. 4.34.Phocis, idos, of Phocis, a region in central Greece with Mount Parnassusterra Venus 2.58.Phoebaeus or Phoebeus, a, um, of Phoebus Apollo; of the sunlampas Idyl. 6.98; cantus Idyl. 1.19; cygni Val. 1.399; ignes Idyl. 9.96.Phoebus, the sun god, identified with Apollo; the sunVal. 1.74, 201, 400; 2.4, 245; 3.15, 106; app. 3.2; Eleg. 1.27; Venus 1.49, [76]; 1 R.19; Idyl. 4.53, 99; 8.31; 11.138; 12.18, 46; 13.109; 14.1; nascens Idyl. 16.29; vindex Idyl. 13.107. See also Apollo; Lucifer; Sol.Phoenissa, Dido, queen of Carthage and Aeneas’s loverVenus 1.207. See also Dido.Phrygius, a, um, Phrygian, Trojandux (Aeneas) Idyl., 1.ded. 48; 2.ded. 46; Ida Venus 2.41; Idyl. 10.74; Mydas Val., app. 4.4; rex (Midas) Idyl. 4.55.Phrysii, the FrisiansVal. 1.611.Phryxaeum pecus, the constellation Aries (Ram) with the Golden Fleece; the sun enters Aries at the spring equinoxIdyl. 9.88.Phyllirides, the wise centaur Chiron, son of Saturn and the Oceanid Philyra; skilled in medicine, music, and the other arts, he mentored Achilles and other Greek heroesIdyl. 4.30; magnus Val. 2.245. See also Chiron.Phyllis, a Thracian princess who hanged herself when her husband Demophon did not return to her as promisedVenus 1.206.—, a shepherdessIdyl. 1.111; nulla Idyl. 8.61; formosae Idyl. 1.104.Pieris, a MuseVenus 1 R.19; Idyl. 1.15, 60; 4.64, 68, 77, 85, 93, 101; 15.7; 16.15; divae Venus 1 R.165; 2.22; Idyl. 2.2; 12.121; Latinae Idyl. 11.199; novem Val., app. 3.2; pressae Idyl. 14.14. See also Musa.Pieris, idis, Pierian, ThessalianMusae Idyl. 12.125; 15.2.Pierius, a, um, of the Museschelis Idyl., 1.ded. 2.Pindaricus, a, um, Pindaric, of Pindarlyra Venus 1.171.Pircaimerus, Bilibaldus, the Nuremberg patrician humanist Willibald Pirckheimer (1470–1530)Idyl., 1.ded., tit.; 1.ded. 1, [2–22], 23, [24], 87; [2.ded. 103–104].Pirithous. See Pyrithous.Piscis, Pisces, a sign of the zodiaciners Val. 1.66.Plato, the Greek philosopher (ca. 429–347 BCE)Val. 2.253m; magnus Val. 2.253; Venus 1.175.Plinius or Plynius, the Roman encyclopedist Pliny the Elder (23/24 BCE–79 CE)Val. 2.303m; 3, tit. ante 97; [97–100].Pluto ruler of the underworld, husband of Proserpinaavarus Venus 1.102. See also Dis.Podalirius, Greek physician before Troy, son of Aesculapius, brother of MachaonVal. 2.245m; 3, tit. ante 13; [3.13–16], 17.Poenus, a, um, Punic, Africanleones Idyl. 6.49.Polla, wife of the Roman poet LucanVenus 2.108.[Pollio], C. Asinius Pollio (76 BCE–4 CE), a friend and patron of the young VergilIdyl. 13.4.Polycletaeus, a, um, of the sculptor Polyclitus of Argos (second half of the fifth century BCE)ars Idyl. 16.50.Polyhymnia, Polymneia, or Polymnia, the Muse of sacred songVal. 3, tit. ante 13; 4.13; Venus 1 R.140; 2, tit. ante 282. See also Musa.Polyphemus, a pastoral name (“abounding in songs”) for Eobanus HessusIdyl. 12, arg. 2; 12, tit.; 12, passim as speaker; 12.5, 27, 58, 109, 130. See also Hessus.Pregellus, Ioannes, a pupil of Eobanus Hessus in NurembergHypocr., lim., tit.Procris, wife of the Attic hero Cephaluscredula Venus 1.205.Prodicus, the physician Prodicus of Selymbria, a pupil of Hippocrates, who specialized in the art of massageVal. 3, tit. ante 65; [3.65–68].Propertius, the Roman poet (ca. 47–ca. 15 BCE)[Venus 1.167]; doctus Venus 1.168.[Proserpina], wife of Pluto, queen of the underworldVenus 1.102.Prusiacus, a, um, of Prusa in Bythiniasenex (Asclepiades) Val. 2.80. See also Asclepiades.Ptolemaeus, Ptolemy II Philadelphus (r. 285–246 BCE), patron of Theocritusipse Idyl. 13.27.—, a son of Antiochus I SoterVal. 2.297, 297m.Punica [mala], pomegranatesVal. 1.433, 433m.Pyrenaeus, a, um, of the Pyreneesiugum Venus 3.36.Pyrithous, Jupiter’s son Pirithous, who tried to kidnap Proserpina from the underworldVenus 1.103.Pythagoras, Greek philosoper (ca. 580–500 BCE)Val. 2.249, 249m, [251–252].Pythius, Apollopraedives Venus 2.172. See also Apollo.Quintus, Q. Curtius Rufus (first century CE?), Roman historian, author of a history of Alexander the GreatEleg. 1.118.Raphael, the archangelVal. 2.271m, [271–272].Regnesus, the Regnitz River that flows through Joachim Camerarius’s hometown of BambergVenus 1 R.38.Renus. See Rhenus.Retrogradus, the Crab (Cancer), a sign of the zodiacVal. 1.66.Rhenanus, a, um, RhenishNisus (Elector Palatine Philip the Upright) Idyl. 6.47.Rhenus or Renus, the RhineIdyl. 6.41; 11.14; 13.11; occiduus Venus 3.31; tuus Idyl. 13.48.Rhesus, Thracian king, killed by Diomedes and Ulysses, son of the Muse EuterpeOdrysius Venus 1 R.126.Rhodanus, the Rhone Rivermagnus Venus 3.33.Rhomanus. See Romanus.Richardus Sbrulius. See Sbrulius.Roma, the city of RomeVal. 2.302; Venus 1.112; Idyl. 13.98; florens Idyl. 16.74; magna Idyl. 14.73; prodiga Val. 2.304.Romani, the RomansVal. 2.256; [Venus 1.109–134]. See also Ausonides.Romanus or Rhomanus, a, um, RomanCato Val. 2.347; eloquium Venus 1.141; orbis Venus 3.23; os Val. 3.102; res Venus 1.125; [munera linguae] Eleg. 1.57; nomi-na Venus 1.109; palatia Idyl., 1.ded. 47; 2.ded. 45. See also Ausonius; Romulus.[Romulus], legendary founder and first king of RomeVenus 1.117–121.Romulus, a, um, Romancarmina Idyl. 3.38. See also Romanus.Rotingus, Micalus, Michael Roting of Sulzfeld (1494–1588), teacher of dialectic and rhetoric at the evangelical academy in NurembergEleg. 1.[87], 95–96.Rubianus, Crotus. See Crotus Rubianus.Rufus. See Mutianus Rufus.Sabinae, the Sabine women abducted as wives by the men of Romeraptae Venus 1.118.Sagitta. See Tensa sagitta.Salas, the Saale River, a tributary of the ElbeIdyl. 17.231.Saxonia, SaxonyIdyl. 8, arg. 1.Sanson, the Jewish hero Samson, who was betrayed by his lover DelilahVenus 1.192, [193–194].Sapientia, Wisdom (personified)princeps Idyl. 17.118.Sappho, Greek poetess of Mytilene on Lesbos (ca. 600 BCE), lover of PhaonVenus 1.209.Sarmata, a Sarmatian, Polehorrens nive Val. 1.603. See also Sauromatae.Sarmaticus, a, um, Polishorae Val. 2.329.Saturnigena, Jupiter, the son of SaturnVenus 1 R.55. See also Iupiter.[Saturnus], the planet SaturnVal. 1.80.Sauromatae, the Sarmatians in eastern EuropeIdyl. 1.147.—, the PolesVal. 1.328. See also Sarmata.Saxonia, SaxonyIdyl. 8, arg. 1; 12, arg. 2.Saxonis, idos, Saxonora Val. 1.608; Idyl. 13.59.Sbrulius, Richardus, the humanist poet Riccardo Sbruglio of Cividale di Friuli (ca. 1480–after 1525)Idyl. 11, arg. 1, [2]. See also Philondas.[Schöner, Johann], Johann Schöner of Karlstadt (1477–1547), from 1526 teacher of geography, geometry, and astronomy at the evangelical academy in NurembergEleg. 1.109–112.[Schreyber, Heinrich]. See Grammataeus.Scythicus, a, um, ScythianPhasis Val. 1.364; Tanais Idyl. 11.15.[Seleucus I Nicator], father of Antiochos I SoterVal. 3.47.Serenus, Quintus, Q. Serenus Sammonicus, author of a medical poem (d. 212 CE)Val. 3, tit. ante 105; [3.105–108].Sicanius, a, um, Sicilianvates (Theocritus) Venus 1 R.10; Idyl., 1.ded. 80; 2.ded. 78.Sicelis, idis, Sicilianarundo Idyl., 1.ded. 52; 2.ded. 50.Siculus, a, um, Sicilian, in SicilyHybla Idyl. 8.27; pastor (Theocritus) Idyl. 13.26; poeta (Theocritus) Idyl. (B), lim. 1; profundum Val. 1.579.Sileni, woodland deitiesVenus 1.65.Sion, Mount Zion in JerusalemHypocr. B 2.12.Sirenes, the Sirens, who lured sailors to their death with their enchanting voicesVal. 2.315; 4.10.Sirius, the greater dog starflammivomus Idyl. 9.60.[Socrates], the Greek philosopher (ca. 470–399 BCE)Venus 1.177–178.Socraticus, a, um, Socraticexamen Idyl. 8.16.Sol, the sun godVenus 1.91. See also Phoebus.Solomon, King Solomon (ca. 965–926 BCE), son of DavidVenus 1.191.Spalatinus, Georgius, the German humanist and reformer Georg Spalatin (1484–1545)Idyl. 2, arg. 1, 3. See also Philetas.Spiritus, the Holy SpiritIdyl. 4.87; ille Hypocr. B 4.83. See also Deus.Stella, the bridegroom of Violentilla, for whom Statius wrote an epithalamiumVenus 2.105.Stratonice, wife of Seleucus I Nicator, stepmother and later wife of Antiochus I SoterVal. 3.45.Sturtiades, the Sturtz family, to which Georg Sturtz belongedVal. 1.17, 657.Sturtiades, Georgius, the physician Georg Sturtz of Annaberg (1490–1548), Eobanus’s teacher and patron in ErfurtVal. (A), t.p.; Val., 1.ded., tit.; 1.ded. 2, [passim]; 2.ded. tit.; [2.ded., passim]; Val. 1.17, [18–23], 657, [659–660]; 3, tit.; app. 2, tit.; [app. 2, passim]; app. 4, tit.; app. 4.5; Idyl. 15.1; charissimus Val., app. 2.5; clarissimus Idyl. 15, tit.; humanissimus Val., 1.ded. 9; app. 2.1; meus Val., 2.ded. 7; optimus Val., 2.ded. 1.Stygius, a, um, of the Styx River in the underworld, StygianDis Venus 1.47; tyrannus (Dis) Venus 1.38; nymphae Venus 1 R.60; paludes Val. 2.109; umbrae Idyl. 13.52.Suedi, the Swedeslittorei Val. 1.605.Suedicus, a, um, Swedishcasei Val. 1.605m.Superbia, Pride (personified)Hypocr. 67.[Syggingen, Franciscus de], the German knight and robber baron Franz von Sickingen (1481–1523)Idyl. 13.48–52.Syracusius, a, um, of Syracuse on the island of Sicilypastor (Theocritus) Idyl., 1.ded. 49; 2.ded. 47; senex (Archimedes) Eleg. 1.110.Syrinx, a nymph beloved of Pan, turned into reeddilecta Idyl. 10.31; sua Idyl. 10.88.Tagus, a goldbearing river in Spain (now Tajo)Val. 2.306; dives Venus 2.175.Tanais, the Don Rivernivalis Idyl. 1.147; Scythicus Idyl. 11.15.Tarpaeus, a, um, CapitolineIovis Val. 1.591.Tartara, Tartarus, hellinfima Idyl. 14.104.Tartareus, a, um, of Tartarus, infernalnumen Idyl. 12.38; venena Idyl. 5.120.Tartarus, a Tatar (Tartar), a member of a Turkic people in eastern Europeimpexus Val. 1.325.Tartessiacus, a, um, SpanishIberus Venus 3.19.Tempe, the lovely Vale of Tempe in ThessalyPeneia Eleg. 1.33; Thessala Idyl. 16.132.Tensa sagitta, Sagittarius, a sign of the zodiacVal. 1.60.Terpsichore, the Muse of choral dancing, mother of the SirensVal. 4, tit. ante 9; 4.9, [10]; Venus 2, tit. ante 242. See also Musa.Tethys, wife of Oceanus; hence, the oceanIdyl. 17.232.Teuton, GermanyIdyl. 16.22. See also Germania.Teutonici, the GermansEleg. 1.68. See also Germani.Teutonicus, a, um, German, of Germanyorbis Idyl. (B), lim. 5; orae Idyl. 3.38. See also Germanus.Teutonis, idos, German, of Germanyregio Idyl. 13.57. See also Germanus.Teutonus, a, um, German, of Germanypascua Idyl. 8.2; regna Idyl. 16.66. See also Germanus.Thalia or Thaleia, the Muse of comedyVal. 4, tit. ante 5; 4.[5], 6; Venus 1 R.140; 2, tit. ante 168. See also Musa.—, a Museflorens Idyl., 2.ded. 21; nostra Hypocr. 10. See also Musa.Thamyras, legendary Thracian singerVenus 1.152.Thebae, Thebes, the capital of BoeotiaIdyl. 13.96.Theocritus, Greek bucolic poet of Syracuse (ca. 300–260 BCE)Val., 2.ded. 4; [Venus 1 R.10; Idyl. (B), lim. 1]; Idyl., [1.ded. 49, 80]; 2.ded. [47], 47m, 77m, [78]; Idyl. 6, arg. 1; [13.26]; 15, tit.; totus Idyl. 1, arg. 3.Theophrastus, Greek philosopher and natural scientist (ca. 371–ca. 287 BCE)Val. 2.255, 255m.Therentianus, a, um, of the Roman comic poet Terence (ca. 195–159 BCE)illud Val., 1.ded. 4.Theseus, legendary king of Athens who slew the Minotaur, husband of Ariadne and later of PhaedraVenus 1.100.Thespiades puellae, the MusesVenus 1 R.79. See also Musa.Thessalus, Thessalus of Cos, a son of Hippocrates (late fifth century BCE)Val. 3, tit. ante 81; [3.81–84].Thessalus, a, um, Thessalian, in ThessalyTempe Idyl. 16.131.Thisbe. See Thysbe.Thobias, Tobit, the pious father of Tobias, cured of blindness by the Archangel Raphael[Val. 2.271]—, Tobias, the son of Tobit; his wedding feast lasted two weeksiunior Venus 2.122.Thrasybulus, a pastoral name for Konrad Mutianus RufusIdyl. 2.94m, 95; 4, arg. 3; 4, tit.; 4, passim as speaker; 4.8, 10, 36, 59. See also Mutianus.Threycius, a, um, Thracian, in ThraceHemus Venus 2.103.Thuringia, region in central GermanyIdyl. 1.31, 81, [62–128]; 2, arg. 4; 4, arg. 4; 5, arg. 4; 5, 90m; 8, arg. 1; 12.53m; [17.2].Thuringus, a, um, Thuringianager Idyl. 17.2; arva Idyl. 13.67.Thyrsis, a shepherdIdyl. 10, tit.; 10, passim as speaker; 10.5, 7, 21, 82.Thysbe, Pyramus’s lover Thisbe, changed into a mulberry treeVal. 1.415.Tiberius. See Tyberius.Tibullus, the Roman poet Albius Tibullus (ca. 50–19 BCE)tener Venus 1.166.[Timotheus], Timothy, the addressee of two letters in the New TestamentVal. 2.269.Titanius, a, um, Titanian; having to do with the Titans whom Jupiter hurled into the underworldtela Venus 1 R.88.Tityrus, Vergil as a pastoral poetIdyl. (B), lim. 2; Idyl. 1.100; 8.12; 13.25; meus Idyl. 3.31; noster Idyl. 3.25; vester Idyl. 13.4. See also Virgilius Maro.—, a pastoral name for Petrejus EberbachIdyl. 4, arg. 1, 3; 4, tit.; 4, passim as speaker; 4.3, 9, 21, 116. See also Aperbacchus.Tobias. See Thobias.Trebelius (Trebellius) Isenacensis, Hermannus, the humanist poet Hermann Trebelius (Surwynt) of Eisenach (ca. 1475–after 1514), formally laureated in late June 1508Idyl. 5.118m; 12, arg. 2. See also Heliades.Triton, sea god who blows a conch shellIdyl. 4.56.Troia, the city of Troy[Val. 3.18]; Venus 1.90, 111; Idyl. 13.96; magna Venus 1.88.Tros, ancestor of AeneasVenus 1.95.Tyberius, the Roman emperor Tiberius (r. 14–37 BCE)Venus 1.130.Tybris, the Tiber RiverLatius Val. 3.24.Tydides, Diomedes, king of Argos, who wounded Venus during the siege of TroyVenus 1 R.126; crudelis in Venerem ipsam Venus 1.88.Tyndarides, Tyndareus, king of Sparta, restored to life by AesculapiusVal. 2.79.Tyndaris, Helen of Troyformosa Venus 1.204. See also Helena.Ulma, the city of UlmIdyl. 13.62.[Ulrichus], Duke Ulrich of Württemberg (1487–1550), restored to power by Philip of Hesse in 1534Idyl. 13.53–57.Ulysses, Greek hero, whose exploits are recounted in the Iliad and OdysseyVenus 1.89; erumnosus Idyl. 13.94. See also Ithacus.Unster or dy Unstrut, the Unstrut River, a tributary of the SaaleIdyl. 12.53, 53m.Urania or Uranie, the Muse of astronomyVal. 4, tit. ante 15; 4.15, [16]; Venus 2, tit. ante 262. See also Musa.—, the heavenly MuseHypocr. B 4.1.Urbs Norica berga. See Noriberga.Ursa, the constellation Ursa Maior in the northern skyParrhasis Val. 1.604.Valles Ioachimicae. See Ioachimicae valles.Vallis Georgiana, Georgenthal, a Cistercian abbey south of GothaIdyl. 2, arg. 3; [2.5–9]; 5, arg. 4.Varus, P. Alfenus Varus, consul suffectus in 39 BCE, a friend and patron of the young Vergiltuus Idyl. 8.12.Vectius Valens, the Roman physician Vettius Valens, executed in 48 CE; lover of Claudius’s wife MessalinaVal. 3, tit. ante 89; [3.89–92].[Venetia], VeniceIdyl. 11.146–162.Venus, goddess of love; hence also, sexual intercourse, passionate loveVal. 1.207, 207m, 214, 218, 454, [475], 484, 494, 496, 514, 524; 2.154; Venus, lim. 4; Venus 1, [passim], 18, 71, 115, 135, 181, 219, 228, 230, 264; Venus 1 R., tit.; 1 R., [passim], 76, 114, 131, 135, 141, 148, 177; 2, dramatis personae; 2, passim as speaker; 2.17, 43, 81, 134, 146, 194, [282], 292, 337; Idyl., 1.ded. 76; 2.ded. 74; Idyl. 3.42, 122; 5.76; 10.16, 21, 60; 11.58; aequa Venus 2.261; aliqua Idyl. 3.48; alma Venus 2.186; Idyl. 7.132; 10.32, 89; ignea Idyl. 7.123; improba Val. 1.215; Idyl. 10.100; ipsa Venus 1.15, 87; 1 R.166; Idyl. 3.99; 10.92; laeta Venus 2.151; magna Idyl. 15.23; multa Val. 1.209; Idyl., 1.ded. 65; 2.ded. 63; rara Val. 1.211; tandem casta Venus 2.157; triumphans Venus, t.p.; Venus 1, tit.; Venus 1, postscr. See also Amathusia; Cypria; Cyprias; Cypris; Cythereia; Cytheris; Ericyna; Paphia.—, girls as lovely as Venusformosae Idyl. 1.104; non ullae Idyl. 8.59.Veraris or dy Vver, the Werra, a tributary of the WeserIdyl. 5.91m; propinquus Idyl. 5.91.Verbum, the Word of Goddivinum Idyl. 16.124.Vergilius. See Virgilius.Vestphalus, a, um, of Westphaliarura Val. 1.611.Victoria, Victory (personified)Idyl. 14.57.Violantilla, bride of Stella, for whose wedding Statius wrote an epithalamiumVenus 2.105.Virgilianus, a, um, of Vergilimitatio Idyl. 1, arg. 2; 4, arg. 3. See also Andinus; Minciades.Virgilius or Vergilius Maro, the Roman poet Vergil (70–19 BCE)Val. 3.95; [Eleg. 1.79]; Venus 1.[156–162], 163; Idyl., [1.ded. 47–48; 2.ded. 45–46]; 3, arg. 2; [3.24–35]; 6, arg. 1; [13.102–103]; sacer Venus 1.156. See also Tityrus.—, poets like VergilIdyl. 13.122; 14.74. See also Marones.Virgo, a sign of the zodiaccandida Val. 1.62.Virtus, Virtue (personified)Idyl. 16.18, 35; 17.169; vera Idyl. 12.96.Visurgis, the Weser RiverIdyl. 5.91m; 13.11.[Vulcanus], the blacksmith god Vulcan, husband of VenusVenus 1.50. See also Lemnius.Vvirtemberga, the duchy of WürttembergIdyl. 13.54.Xanthus, a river near Troyinclytus Val. 3.14.Zephyrus, the warm west wind, harbinger of springIdyl. 2.41; 4.50, 80; 5.80. See also Favonius.

The Poetic Works of Helius Eobanus Hessus

Volume 5: A Veritable Proteus, 1524-1528