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  • Cover illustration: Gideon v. Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335 (1963). Miami, 2004. Painting by Xavier Cortada. Photo by Zenaida Pirri, Miami, Florida.

  • Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

  • Names: Mirow, Matthew C. (Matthew Campbell), 1962- editor, author. |

  • Wasserman, Howard M., editor, author.

  • Title: Painting constitutional law : Xavier Cortada's images of

  • constitutional rights / edited by M. C. Mirow and Howard M. Wasserman.

  • Description: Leiden, The Netherlands : Koninklijke Brill NV, [2021] |

  • Series: Legal history library, 1874-1793 ; volume 46 | Includes index. |

  • Identifiers: LCCN 2020046873 (print) | LCCN 2020046874 (ebook) | ISBN

  • 9789004364301 (hardback) | ISBN 9789004445598 (ebook)

  • Subjects: LCSH: Constitutional law–United States. | Civil rights–United

  • States. | Constitutional law–United States–Cases. | United States.

  • Supreme Court–Decision making. | Cortada, Xavier.

  • Classification: LCC KF4550 .P35 2021 (print) | LCC KF4550 (ebook) | DDC

  • 342.73–dc23

  • LC record available at

  • LC ebook record available at

  • Typeface for the Latin, Greek, and Cyrillic scripts: “Brill”. See and download:

  • ISSN 1874-1793

    ISBN 978-90-04-36430-1 (hardback)

  • ISBN 978-90-04-44559-8 (e-book)

  • Copyright 2021 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.

  • Koninklijke Brill NV incorporates the imprints Brill, Brill Hes & De Graaf, Brill Nijhoff, Brill Rodopi, Brill Sense, Hotei Publishing, mentis Verlag, Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh and Wilhelm Fink Verlag.

  • All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, translated, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission from the publisher. Requests for re-use and/or translations must be addressed to Koninklijke Brill NV via or

  • This book is printed on acid-free paper and produced in a sustainable manner.

Painting Constitutional Law

Xavier Cortada’s Images of Constitutional Rights