Index

A Survey of Literature and the Past (Guanwen langu觀文覽古) 448
administer by precedents (wuxing gushi 務行故事) 335–336
administrative ability (lineng 吏能) 142–156
all under Heaven (tianxia 天下) 23, 24, 33, 36, 38, 41, 117, 121, 217, 221, 225, 250, 306, 318, 323, 327, 328, 331, 337, 356, 369, 373, 375, 376, 381–384, 389, 402, 408, 421–423, 425, 430, 432, 438, 452, 454, 456, 467, 472, 498, 499, 501, 502, 510, 514, 519, 528, 529, 537, 540, 542, 543, 545, 566, 571–573, 581, 588, 589, 595–597, 600, 606, 607, 614, 615, 623, 624, 628
altars of the land and grain (sheji 社稷, sheji tan 社稷壇) 22, 538. state altars, 21–23, 39, 535, 538–540
An Chonghui 安重誨 (?–931) 95, 98, 111, 137, 159–161, 271, 273, 274
An Chongrong 安重榮 (?–942 103, 104, 218
An Lushan Rebellion (An Shi zhiluan 安史 之亂) 91–93, 98, 102, 112, 113, 116, 230
Analects (Lunyu論語) 163, 182, 183, 365
ancestors’ established instructions (zuzong chengfa 祖宗成法) 493, 518, 539, 571, 595
ancestors’ established laws and institutions (zuzong chengxian 祖宗 成憲) 283, 401, 551, 558, 560, 563, 566, 580, 619
ancestors’ guidelines (zuzong fadu 祖宗法度) 46, 405, 552
ancestors’ images (zuzong xingxiang 祖宗形象) 616, 617, 633
ancestors’ instructions (zuzong zhifa 祖宗之法) 1, 2, 8–10, 13–19, 32, 33, 40–42, 46, 47, 50, 61, 69, 75, 85, 90, 185, 213, 216, 230, 240, 305–306, 320, 327, 334–336, 346, 402–403, 405, 433, 434, 437–440, 442, 452, 454, 455, 461, 478, 494, 504, 506, 508–513, 515, 521–524, 526–528, 531, 532, 534, 536–539, 543, 544, 548, 554, 560, 563–566, 568–571, 578–580, 586, 593, 594, 596, 598, 616, 617, 619–622, 624–635, 637
ancestors’ family instructions (zuzong jiafa 祖宗家法) 1, 8, 15, 21, 31, 47, 69, 73–76, 78–86, 88, 346, 432, 433, 437, 454, 490, 504, 523, 532, 560, 570, 572, 575, 582, 590, 613, 621
do not be bound by [ancestors’] models (zuzong buzufa 祖宗不足法) 506
ancestors’ legacy (zuzong jiye 祖宗基業) 335, 346, 347, 351–353, 355, 381, 435
ancestors’ old institutions (zuzong jiuzhi 祖宗舊制) 435, 438, 562, 632
ancestors’ old practices (zuzong gushi 祖宗故事) 21, 28–32, 336, 349, 390, 400, 405, 446, 448, 451, 455, 461, 494, 509, 522, 532, 536, 617, 621, 632
ancestors’ precedents (zuzong diangu 祖宗典故) 15, 316, 335, 336, 372, 400, 401, 403, 444, 453, 455, 457, 460, 463, 465, 468–470, 475, 476, 494, 523, 536, 578
ancestors’ principles and standards (zuzong jigang 祖宗紀綱) 511
ancestors’ regulations (zuzong fazhi 祖宗法制) 335, 492, 496
ancestors’ reigns (zuzong chao 祖宗朝) 15, 16, 21, 74, 195, 215, 281, 301, 305, 400, 401, 435, 469, 593, 618, 633
ancestors’ rules (zuzong chenggui 祖宗 成規) 18, 33, 267, 296, 429, 435
ancestors’ standards (zuzong fadu 祖宗 法度) 77, 174, 334, 335, 401, 402, 429, 436, 438, 506, 521, 541, 547, 561, 564, 565, 578, 579, 596, 625
ancestral temple (zongmiao 宗廟) 22–26, 29, 31, 33, 40, 42, 54, 77, 314, 347, 349, 361, 382, 426, 429. Imperial Ancestral Temple, 40, 427
announcement (xuan ) 271
filed copies of imperial decrees (xuan di 宣底) 270–271
The Later Liang’s Filed Copies of Imperial Decrees (Liang Xuandi梁宣底) 270
audience (dui ) 68, 187, 207, 208, 223, 251, 253, 256, 257, 259, 263, 264,, 302, 350, 352, 353, 411–417, 419, 420, 424, 428, 437, 446, 467, 483, 484, 514, 524, 552, 585, 590, 606, 630
private audience with (dudui 獨對) 415–417
Baimayi Incident (bamayi shijian 白馬驛 事件) 123–130
Ban Biao 班彪 (3–54) 29, 30, 40
Ban Gu 班固 (32–92) 25–27, 30, 444
Battle of Gaoliang River (Gaolianghe zhizhan 高梁河之戰) 322
Bi Shi’an 畢士安 (938–1005) 292, 368, 371
Bing Prefecture 并州 111, 319. Taiyuan 太原, 51, 111, 165, 322
Book of Documents (Shangshu尚書) 26, 41, 261, 354, 379, 443, 483, 585
Book of Han (Hanshu漢書) 21, 24–26, 28–31, 313, 498
Book of Rites (Liji禮記) 22, 56, 373, 383, 533
bristly awls (mao zhuizi 毛錐子) 144, 145, 163
Bureau of Military Affairs (shumi yuan 樞密院) 130, 160, 167, 168, 202, 232, 239, 240, 247, 248, 249, 266–272, 274–278, 280–289, 291–305, 333, 350, 378, 408, 411, 416, 419, 420, 437, 450, 508, 552, 557, 558, 577, 578, 583. Right Guard (youfu 右府) 283, 299
Administrator of the Bureau of Military Affairs (zhi shumiyuan shi 知樞密 院事) 202, 248, 289, 291, 292, 294, 295, 297, 303, 378, 577
Auxiliary Academician of the Bureau of Military Affairs (shumi zhixueshi 樞密直學士) 160, 168, 276
Cai Bian 蔡卞 (1058–1117) 604
Cai Jing 蔡京 (1047–1126) 387, 529, 535, 544, 548, 553
Cai Qi 蔡齊 (988–1039) 422–425, 429
Cai Que 蔡確 (1037–1093) 530, 531, 630
Calendar (Rili日曆) 30, 112, 449, 450, 459, 465, 472, 541, 576
Cao Bin 曹彬 (931–999) 69, 280–285, 290, 291, 294, 295
Cao Liyong 曹利用 (971–1029) 114, 115, 293, 407, 409, 410, 415
Cao Yanyue 曹彦約 (1157–1228) 457–460, 474, 586
Cang Prefecture 滄州 353, 524
Capital Security Office (huangcheng si 皇城司) 562, 563
Censorate (yushi tai 御史臺) 249, 311, 340, 362, 422, 439, 562–564, 578
Attendant Censor (shiyushi 侍御史) 171, 423, 438, 541, 562, 566, 603
Attendant Censor in the Palace Administration (dianzhong shiyushi 殿中侍御史) 171, 423, 438, 541, 562
Investigating Censor (jiancha yushi 監察御史) 38, 67, 190, 256, 511, 556, 578
Vice Censor-in-Chief (yushi zhongcheng 御史中丞) 151, 263, 295, 298, 325, 332, 422, 424, 476, 511, 603
Censors and Remonstrators (taijian 臺諫, yushitai yu jianyuan 御史臺與諫院) 247, 249, 333, 440, 503, 568, 588, 591
Speaking Officials (yanzhi 言職) 263, 561
Chang Tong 常同 (1090–1149) 562, 563
Chanyuan Treaty (chanyuan zhimeng 澶淵之盟) 209, 372, 378
Chegaiting poem inquisition (chegaiting shi’an 車蓋亭詩案) 530, 531
Chen Bangzhan 陳邦瞻 (?–1623) 11, 433, 434
Chen Fuliang 陳傅良 (1137–1203) 53, 85, 174, 195–197, 318, 388, 431, 513, 580
Chen Liang 陳亮 (1143–1194) 70, 328, 499, 503, 512, 573, 574, 624, 625
Chen Pengnian 陳彭年 (961–1017) 370, 385, 387, 391
Chen Prefecture 陳州 344
Chen Yaosou 陳堯叟 (961–1017) 280, 292, 294, 379, 385, 485
Chen Yinke 陳寅恪 (1890–1969) 15, 54, 91, 92, 102, 106, 116, 125, 129, 405
Chen Ziqiang 陳自強 (?–1208) 469, 475
Cheng Hao 程顥 (1032–1085) 70, 81, 532, 533, 605, 609, 614, 615
Cheng Lin 程琳 (988–1056) 426
Cheng Yi 程頤 (1033–1107) 9, 52, 53, 70–72, 81, 306, 532, 609, 614, 615, 627
Chengming Hall (Chengming dian 承明殿) renamed Yanhe Hall (yanhe dian 延和殿) 412, 414, 419, 420
Chenqiao Military Coup (Chenqiao bingbian 陳橋兵變) 218, 233, 324
Chenqiaoyi 陳橋驛 216
Chuigong Hall (Chuigong dian 垂拱殿) 440, 587
Circuit Inspector (jianzi 監司) 571
civil (wen , 文職的) 3, 6, 10, 16, 17, 44, 52, 59, 74, 90, 91, 108, 113, 118–121, 124, 125, 130, 132, 133, 142–146, 152, 157, 158, 166–168, 172–175, 177, 178, 184, 185, 194–207, 209–214, 224, 229–231, 238, 242, 243, 245, 247, 248, 259, 266, 267, 269–272, 275–278, 281–284, 289, 290, 292, 294, 296–300, 303–305, 333, 347, 348, 396, 426, 433, 501, 520, 530, 549, 551, 553–555, 558, 559, 563, 573, 608, 622
civil bureaucrats (wenchen 文臣) 59, 118, 119, 124, 194, 231, 275, 303, 530
civil functionaries (wenli 文吏) 120, 143, 145, 152, 157, 158, 166–168, 185, 243, 269, 270, 299
civil-military (wenwu 文武) 6, 10, 16, 91, 118, 120, 125, 143, 166, 175, 196, 197, 203, 205–207, 209–214, 304, 554
civil-military divergence (wenwu fentu 文武分途) 205–207, 209–213
civil-military relationship (wenwu guanxi 文武關係) 16, 118, 143, 166, 175, 203, 205, 207, 212, 214, 554
the civil was valued and the military despised (zhongwen qingwu 重文 輕武) 204
Classic of Filial Piety (Xiaojing孝經) 608
Classic of Poetry (Shijing詩經) 29, 71, 72, 335, 581
Classics Colloquium (jingyan 經筵) 72, 75, 85, 255, 262, 353, 447, 458, 467, 468, 470–475, 477, 584, 587, 591, 613, 619
Classics Colloquium Participants and Instructional Officials (jing yan jiangdu guan 經筵講讀官) 261, 470
Collection of Imperial Decrees of the Song (Song da zhaoling ji宋大詔令集) 217, 219, 312, 327, 339, 340, 347, 356, 368, 381, 394, 396, 401, 409, 410, 422, 502, 535
Collection of Imperial Decrees of the Tang (Tang da zhaoling ji唐大詔令集) 33–35, 39, 42, 43, 55, 56, 59, 60
Commented Library Catalogue of the Zhizhai Studio (Zhizhai shulu jieti直齋書録 解題) 49, 463, 465, 485, 532, 554, 599
Commissioner of the Southern Court of Palace Attendants (xuanhui nanyuan shi 宣徽南院使) 285, 291
Compilation of the Three Reigns and the Northern Alliance (Sanchao beimeng huibian三朝北盟會編) 182, 540–542, 544–546, 549–554, 556, 559, 565
Complete Library in Four Sections (Siku Quanshu四庫全書) 38, 49, 50, 52, 87, 108, 115, 391, 396, 466, 474, 612, 634
Comprehensive Mirror in Aid of Governance (Zizhi tongjian資治通鑑) 44, 45, 52, 62, 67, 94, 95, 100, 101, 103, 126, 128, 132, 134, 138, 155, 156, 159, 163, 168, 175, 181 184, 189, 192, 200, 202, 206, 207, 220, 223, 225, 236–239, 251, 255, 259, 268, 269, 272–275, 284, 291–293, 304, 309, 311, 316, 319, 337, 342, 359, 365, 378, 379, 408, 413, 417, 426, 434, 439, 452, 466, 491, 510, 515, 599
comprehensive order as precaution against malfeasance (shi weizhifang, qu weizhizhi 事爲之防,曲爲之制) 9, 216, 311, 313, 317, 334, 346, 355, 494, 548, 568, 622, 627, 635
Confucianism (rujia 儒家, ruxue 儒學) 75, 85, 328, 329, 371, 390, 459, 468, 478, 479, 488, 574, 610
connection between the throne and the ministers (shangxia xiangwei 上下 相維) 569
controlling the generals (yujiang 御將) 549, 551, 552
Counselor-in-Chief of the Right (you chengxiang 右丞相) 569, 579
court’s precautionary systems (chaoting fangzhi 朝廷防制) 364, 367, 401
Cui Xie 崔協 (864–929) 137, 138
Cui Yin 崔胤 (854–904) 205, 206, 238, 268
customs (fengsu 風俗) 11, 12, 22, 30, 56, 65, 68, 71, 150, 199, 327, 378, 427, 469, 516, 591, 603
Dai Prefecture 代州 140, 201, 355, 428
Daibei Bloc (daibei jituan 代北集團) 91, 93, 94, 102, 164
Daibei 代北 93, 107, 109, 111, 112, 115, 139
Dang Jin 党進 (928–978) 107, 180
De Prefecture 德州 199, 200
deathbed edict (yizhao 遺詔) 34, 35, 44, 347, 406, 407, 409–411, 415. rescript (yizhi 遺制) 416, 419, 425
deathbed order (yigao 遺誥) 406, 413, 421–425
decree from the [inner] palace (neipi 內批) 577
Defense Commissioner (fangyu shi 防禦使) 245
Department of State Affairs (wenchang 文昌[ 會府], shangshu sheng 尚書省) 97, 134, 183, 227, 228, 263, 279
Di Qing 狄青 (1008–1057) 140, 141, 267, 285, 295, 296
Diagram for Teaching and Reflection in the Three Reigns (Sanchao xunjian tu三朝訓鑑圖) 176, 448, 449
Diagram of an Imperial Procession (Lubu tu鹵簿圖) 448
Ding Wei 丁謂 (966–1037) 225, 234, 237, 362, 370, 371, 385–387, 391, 407–418, 433, 434
Discussions on the Song Dynasty (Songlun宋論) 222, 364, 505
Divesting of Military Commands Over Cups of Wine (beijiu shibingquan 杯酒釋 兵權) 234, 236, 237, 556, 557
Dong Yanbi 董彥弼 (?–903) 206, 237, 238
Dou Cheng 竇偁 (925–982) 67, 322, 323
Dou Yi 竇儀 (914–966) 67, 184–187, 225, 226, 246
Doulu Ge 豆盧革 (?–927) 134–141
Drafter (zhi zhigao 知制誥) 271, 316, 342, 346, 353, 376, 416, 458, 577, 581
Du Yan 杜衍 (978–1057) 65, 66, 85, 263, 264, 512
Duanming Hall Academician (duanmingdian xueshi 端明殿學士) 160, 167, 191, 439
Duanping Revision (duanping genghua 端平更化) 592
Dynastic History (Guoshi國史) 113, 343, 368, 448, 449, 462, 465, 596
dynasty’s restoration (zhongxing zhiye 中興之業) 544, 545
Edict Attendant at the Tianzhang Pavilion (tianzhangge daizhi 天章閣待制) 549
Edited Writings of the Essential Documents and Regulations of the Song (Song huiyao jigao宋會要輯稿) 67, 75, 85, 199, 241, 243, 245, 257, 262, 278, 308, 332, 349, 358, 361, 377, 412, 413, 416, 419, 432, 447, 459, 460, 462, 468, 535, 564, 570, 571, 575, 580
Essentials of Good Government of the Zhenguan Era (Zhenguan zhengyao貞觀政要) 36–38, 56, 195, 321, 444, 449, 451, 457, 459–462, 466, 477, 593, 601, 602
Emperor Duzong of the Southern Song Dynasty 宋度宗 (Zhao Qi 趙禥 1240–1274, r. 1264–1274) 353, 587, 610, 612
Emperor Gaozong of the Southern Song Dynasty 宋高宗 (Zhao Gou 趙構 1107–1187, r. 1127–1162) 83, 229, 232, 303, 456, 458, 462, 464, 476, 530, 539, 541, 543, 545–548, 555–562, 564, 565, 567, 578–580
Emperor Gaozong of the Tang Dynasty 唐高宗 (Li Zhi 李治 628–683, r. 649–683) 34, 50, 406, 600
Emperor Gaozu of the Later Han Dynasty 後漢高祖 (Liu Zhiyuan 劉知遠 914–974,
r. 942–946) 96, 104, 106, 144, 152, 217
Emperor Gaozu of the Later Jin Dynasty 後晉高祖 (Shi Jingtang 石敬瑭 892–942,
r. 936–942) 63, 96, 104, 140, 173, 274
Emperor Guangzong of the Southern Song Dynasty 宋光宗 (Zhao Dun 趙惇 1147–1200, r. 1189–1194) 318, 454, 575, 576, 579, 580
Emperor Huizong of the Northern Song Dynasty 宋徽宗 (Zhao Ji 趙佶 1082–1135, r. 1100–1126) 262, 341, 387, 463, 526, 529, 531, 532, 535, 536, 539, 562
Emperor Lizong of the Southern Song Dynasty 宋理宗 (Zhao Yun 趙昀 1205–1264, r. 1224–1264) 72, 254, 458, 459, 473, 474, 476, 583–585, 587, 590, 592, 593, 597, 610, 614, 628
Emperor Mingzong of the Later Tang Dynasty 後唐明宗 (Li Siyuan 李嗣源 867–933, r. 926–933) 45, 63, 95, 136–138, 148, 149–151, 156–160, 162, 168, 273, 274
Emperor Mo of the Later Liang Dynasty 後梁末帝 (Zhu Youzhen 朱友貞 888–923, r. 913–923) 45, 154, 159
Emperor Mo of the Later Tang Dynasty 後唐末帝 (Li Congke 李從珂 885–937, r. 934–937) 45, 46, 147–149
Emperor Ningzong of the Southern Song Dynasty 宋寧宗 (Zhao Kuo 趙擴 1168–1224, r. 1194–1224) 75, 85, 400, 458, 579, 580, 582, 585–588, 628
Emperor Qinzong of the Northern Song Dynasty 宋欽宗 (Zhao Huan 趙桓 1100–1156, r. 1126–1127) 341, 536, 537, 539, 543
Emperor Renzong of the Northern Song Dynasty 宋仁宗 (Zhao Zhen 趙禎 1010–1063, r. 1022–1063) 15, 18, 19, 49, 65, 69, 76–79, 83, 84, 107, 204, 263, 285, 295, 304, 319, 338, 363, 365–367, 389, 400, 403, 405, 407, 411, 412, 414, 421, 422, 424, 428, 429, 431–433, 436, 437, 439, 440, 442, 445, 447–451, 453–456, 458, 461, 464, 468, 477, 488, 493, 501–503, 506, 508, 511, 512, 514, 515, 518, 547, 569, 583, 594–597, 614, 615
Emperor Shenzong of the Northern Song Dynasty 宋神宗 (Zhao Xu 趙頊 1048–1085, r. 1067–1085) 247, 262, 303, 304, 353, 366, 367, 449, 458, 463, 464, 491, 494, 496, 497, 514, 515, 519, 521–524, 528, 529, 532, 541, 604, 618, 619, 623, 630
Emperor Shizong of the Later Zhou Dynasty 周世宗 (Chai Rong 柴榮 921–959, r. 954–959) 64, 169, 170, 173, 196, 197, 219, 221, 233, 238, 239, 250, 265, 275, 276, 282, 283
Emperor Taizong of the Northern Song Dynasty 宋太宗 (Zhao Guangyi 趙光義, Zhao Jiong 939–997, r. 976–997) 107, 256, 257, 265, 279, 280–283, 285–289, 291, 294–299, 301, 305, 307, 309–314, 316–332, 336–343, 345, 346, 348, 356, 363, 369, 370, 378, 391, 393, 403, 435, 438, 439, 446, 447, 449–452, 454, 471, 474, 479–481, 488, 499, 501, 502, 554, 573, 603, 628
Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty 唐太宗 (Li Shimin 李世民 598–649, r. 626–649) 33, 48, 54, 162, 194, 198, 321, 449, 466, 477, 498, 594, 600–602
Emperor Taizu of the Later Liang Dynasty 後梁太祖 (Zhu Wen 朱溫 852–912, r. 907–912) 111, 132, 133, 159, 167, 272
Emperor Taizu of the Later Zhou Dynasty 後周太祖 (Guo Wei 郭威 904–954, r. 951–954) 164, 168, 239, 275
Emperor Taizu of the Ming Dynasty 明太祖 (Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋 1328–1398, r. 1368–1398) 11, 86, 87
Emperor Taizu of the Northern Song Dynasty 宋太祖 (Zhao Kuangyin 趙匡胤 927–976, r. 960–976) 11, 18, 67, 77, 85, 103, 105, 106, 170, 172, 173, 175–200, 203, 204, 207–209, 211, 213, 216–229, 232, 234, 236, 237, 239, 242, 244, 246, 248, 249–254, 265, 276, 277, 279–284, 294, 296, 299, 302, 307–310, 313, 316–319, 321, 322, 324, 327–331, 336, 338, 339, 341, 344, 360, 379, 385, 435, 438, 445, 451, 452, 454, 456, 464, 474, 499, 500, 506, 520, 524, 543, 547, 557, 569, 570, 583, 598, 599, 600, 606–608, 610–612, 614, 616–618, 620, 622, 628
Emperor Xiaozong of the Southern Song Dynasty 宋孝宗 (Zhao Shen 趙眘 1127–1194, r. 1162–1189) 72, 74, 283, 320, 338, 461, 464, 465, 467, 470, 471, 565–573, 575–577, 579, 606, 607, 611
Emperor Xuan of the Western Han Dynasty 漢宣帝 (Liu Xun 劉詢, BCE.91-BCE.48, r. BCE.74–BCE.48) 24, 28, 498
Emperor Yingzong of the Northern Song Dynasty 宋英宗 (Zhao Shu 趙曙 1032–1067, r. 1063–1067) 257, 341, 365, 367, 410, 456, 514, 515
Emperor Zhaozong of the Tang Dynasty 唐昭宗 (Li Ye 李曄 867–904, r. 888–904) 94, 121, 206, 268
Emperor Zhenzong of the Northern Song Dynasty 宋真宗 (Zhao Heng 趙恒 968–1022, r. 997–1022) 15, 19, 68, 69, 114, 157, 184, 199, 209, 211, 213, 245, 254, 259, 260, 290–293, 297, 305, 316, 327, 329, 335, 336, 341–344, 346–353, 355, 356, 360–366, 368, 370, 372–381, 384, 385, 387–395, 398–403, 405–408, 410, 412, 413, 415, 417, 419, 421, 425, 430–433, 445, 446, 449–452, 455, 456, 458, 464, 472, 475, 477, 479, 482, 484, 486, 488, 499, 501, 520, 613
Emperor Zhezong of the Northern Song Dynasty 宋哲宗 (Zhao Xu 趙煦 1077–1100, r. 1085–1100) 50, 77, 79, 81, 90, 346, 392, 421, 454, 466–468, 473, 476, 526–531, 541, 543, 596, 618
Emperor Zhuangzong of the Later Tang Dynasty Dynasty 後唐莊宗 (Li Cunxu 李存勖 885–926, r. 923–926) 45, 94, 106, 134–137, 163–165, 167, 173, 233, 271–273
emperors’ family matter (diwang jiashi 帝王家事) 440
Empress Dowager Cao 曹太后 (1016–1079) 341, 365
Empress Dowager Du 杜太后 (902–961) 193, 307, 309
Empress Dowager Liu 劉太后 (969–1033) 78, 352, 389, 405–407, 411, 413, 414, 416, 421, 423–430, 433, 437, 440. Honored Consort Liu 劉貴妃, 364, Empress Liu 劉皇后 [of Emperor Zhenzong 宋真宗], 389, 406–408, 410, 425
Empress Dowager Meng 孟太后(1073–1131) 540, 561
Empress Guo 郭皇后 (1012–1035) 111, 440, 441
Empress He 何皇后 (?–906) 43, 44, 308
Empress Li 李皇后 (960–1004) 342, 344. Mingde Empress Dowager 明德太后 349
Empress Lü 吕后 (?–BCE.180) 23, 408
Empress Wu 武后 39, 407, 408, 425, 426, 429. Empress Dowager Wu 武太后 (Wu Zetian 武則天, 624–705) 407
ethnic integration (zuqun hunrong 族群混溶) 91, 92, 95–97, 109, 115
Executive Officials (zhizheng 執政) 79, 248, 253, 255, 257, 263, 386, 411–414, 422, 433, 491, 511, 553, 568, 572, 578, 581
Expositor-in-Waiting (shijiang 侍講) 181, 474, 567, 581
external threat (waihuan 外患) 51, 92, 116, 117, 319–321, 324, 325, 356, 439, 521
family transforming into a country (bianjiaweiguo 變家為國) 180, 196
Fan Chunren 范純仁 (1027–1101) 531, 633
Fan Tong 范同 (1097–1148) 556, 557
Fan Zhi 范質 (911–964) 169–172, 185, 191, 218, 219, 224, 246, 249–255, 257, 259, 265, 275–277, 399, 403, 500
Fan Zhongyan 范仲淹 (989–1052) 48, 170, 366, 368, 422, 423, 425, 427, 428, 431, 438, 440, 442, 484, 502, 506–513, 516, 531, 595, 596
Fan Zuyu 范祖禹 (1041–1098) 9, 49–52, 77, 78, 176, 177, 239, 240, 326, 414, 448, 457, 458, 468, 473, 475, 476, 528, 529, 596, 597, 618, 619
favorite (jinxi 近習) 56, 84, 123, 157, 258, 429, 431, 567, 602
Feng Dao 馮道 (882–954) 63, 95, 103, 135, 137, 138, 151, 155, 160, 162, 168, 170, 172, 173, 274, 275, 392
Feng Jing 馮京 (1021–1094) 491, 492, 604
Feng Zheng 馮拯 (958–1023) 337, 371, 407, 410, 417, 418, 433, 434
filial piety (xiaodao 孝道) 21, 24, 30, 32, 36, 47, 48, 53, 61–63, 66, 68–70, 78, 311, 315, 358, 379, 448, 517, 548, 566, 567, 579, 608
Fiscal Commissioner (zhuanyun shi 轉運使) 144, 168, 210, 244, 260, 304, 366, 396, 499, 512
Five Dynasties (wudai 五代) 5, 6, 9, 11, 18, 33, 43, 45, 46, 48, 63–65, 89–100, 102–106, 108–113, 115, 117–120, 123, 124, 127–169, 172–174, 178, 186, 188, 195–197, 203, 205–207, 211, 213–218, 224, 229–233, 239–248, 250–252, 255, 256, 258, 266, 267, 269–271, 273–276, 283, 289, 294, 296, 297, 299–304, 306–307, 317, 318, 322, 329, 331, 332, 367, 395, 396, 432, 451, 452, 505, 574, 626, 628, 632
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (wudai shiguo 五代十國) 90, 150, 217, 244, 301
Five Demons (wugui 五鬼) 370, 371, 387
Five Emperors (wudi 五帝) 323, 479–481, 487
Five Regulations (wugui五規) 515–517, 595
foundations of the state (zhiti 治體) 322, 567
Fu Bi 富弼 (1004–1083) 329, 370, 393, 422–424, 440, 441, 452, 453, 460, 463, 464, 493, 507–510, 512, 516, 595, 596
Fu Yaoyu 傅堯俞 (1024–1091) 528, 603
Gao Huaide 高懷德 (926–982) 183, 234, 236
Gao Qiong 高瓊 (935–1006) 209
Gao Ruone 高若訥 (997–1055) 263, 264
General Study of Historical Sources (Wenxian tongkao文獻通考) 85, 167, 173, 242, 245, 277, 301, 444, 445, 448, 494, 533, 599
gentlefolk (yiguan zhishi 衣冠之士) 120, 122, 123, 126, 130, 133, 136
gentleman-mean man (junzi-xiaoren 君子-小人) 533
gentry (yiguan shizu 衣冠士族) 58–60, 64, 65, 122, 125, 127–129, 131, 150, 154–156, 162, 168, 171, 172, 465
gentry of pure rank (yiguan qingliu 衣冠 清流) 125, 127
illustrious families (mingzu 名族) 58, 59, 122, 162
gentry-commoner (shishu 士庶) 59
prominent clan (menfa shizu 門閥士族) 59
Gong Maoliang 龔茂良 (1121–1178) 572
Governor of Kaifeng (Kaifeng yin 開封尹) 162, 332, 337–340
Grand Councilor (zaixiang 宰相, zaichen 宰臣) 5, 6, 37, 39, 42, 58–60, 62–64, 67, 78, 79, 85, 103, 120, 121, 123, 125, 127, 128, 130–132, 134–138, 140, 144, 147, 149, 151–155, 167–170, 172, 175, 184–193, 195, 198, 202, 205–207, 218, 219, 224, 227–229, 238, 248–265, 268–277, 279, 292, 293, 300–304, 314, 316, 324, 327–329, 331, 335, 337, 338, 341, 342, 345, 349–353, 355–364, 368–369, 372, 378, 385, 386, 391, 392, 397–403, 406, 407, 410, 411, 415, 416, 418, 419, 429–431, 433–437, 439, 442, 447, 449, 456, 469, 482, 484, 485, 491, 497, 499, 500, 503, 511, 521, 522, 527, 529–531, 547, 557, 558, 567–569, 578, 592, 593, 603, 630
Grand Empress Dowager Gao 太皇太后高氏 (1032–1093) 50, 77, 254, 414, 442, 449, 467, 527, 529, 603. Xuanren Empress Dowager 宣仁太后, 543
Grand Empress Dowager Wu 太皇太后吳氏 (1115–1197) 579
Green Sprouts Policy (qingmiao fa 青苗法) 522
Gu Yanwu 顧炎武 (1613–1682) 82
guarding the interior at the expense of the frontier (shounei xuwai 守內虛外) 10, 74, 118, 283, 305, 319, 321, 323, 325, 327, 334, 554, 626
guide the ruler in becoming Yao and Shu (zhijun yaoshun 致君堯舜) 482
Guo Chongtao 郭崇韜 (?–926) 136, 139–141, 271–273
Guo Chong 郭崇 (908–965) 106, 107, 111, 112, 136, 139–141, 207, 271–273
Han and Tang (hantang 漢唐) 12, 21, 46, 48, 73, 74, 94, 182, 197, 204, 304, 348, 432, 444, 445, 461, 476–478, 486, 487, 489, 490, 499, 538, 565, 567, 572, 573, 575, 597, 609, 629
Han Qi 韓琦 (1008–1075) 190, 338, 348, 365, 366, 438, 451, 456, 477, 508, 512, 522, 523, 618
Han Qi 韓杞 (?–?) 115, 351
Han Shizhong 韓世忠 (1089–1151) 548, 557, 558
Han Tuozhou 韓侂胄 (1152–1207) 579, 581–583
Han Wei 韓維 (1017–1098) 261, 308, 472
Han Wo 韓偓 (842-?) 237, 238
handwritten [imperial] comments (yupi 御批) 456
handwritten decree (shouzhao 手詔) 342, 535, 569, 577, 582. handwritten imperial decree, 262, 456, 484, 507, 516, handwritten order, 366
Hanlin Academician (hanlin xueshi 翰林 學士) 149, 154, 159, 160, 167, 186, 187, 189, 196, 254, 304, 352, 376, 386, 428, 470, 471, 512, 528, 556, 557, 593, 615
Auxiliary Hanlin Academician (zhi xueshiyuan 直學士院) 556, 557, 593
He Fu 何俌 (?–?) 547
Heaven’s heart (tianxin 天心) 545, 590, 591, 608
Heaven’s Way (tiandao 天道) 71, 354, 507, 586, 599
Heavenly Missives (tianshu 天書) 372, 374, 377, 394
Heavenly Philosophy (tianli 天理) 490, 586, 605
Heir Apparent (taizi 太子) 31, 33–35, 39, 43, 44, 66, 252, 337–345, 355, 358, 391, 406, 408, 414, 416, 423, 446, 474, 562, 575
Heshuo region 河朔地區 91, 92, 102, 104, 298, 374
high character (mingjie 名節) 155, 392
historical perspective of the dynasty (benchao shiguan 本朝史觀) 597
Historiography Institute (shiguan 史館) 270, 322, 446, 471
History of the Song (Songshi宋史) 49, 52, 65, 68, 70, 105–108, 110–113, 145, 152, 154, 156, 163, 164, 169, 170, 172, 174–176, 178–180, 182, 185, 186, 191, 194, 197, 201, 204, 209, 214, 220, 234, 240, 242, 245, 247, 248, 251, 253, 256, 257, 264, 265, 267, 276, 280–282, 285, 288–293, 300, 308, 320, 322–325, 329, 337, 338, 343, 344, 350, 352, 353, 359, 360, 362, 364, 368, 371, 374, 375, 377, 378, 385, 386, 388, 391, 392, 394, 396–402, 406, 409, 421, 423–425, 428, 429, 432, 434, 435, 447, 450, 463, 464, 481, 482, 487, 488, 490, 493, 506, 511, 515, 521, 524, 584
Hong Zikui 洪咨夔 (1176–1236) 584, 585
Hong Zun 洪遵 (1120–1174) 566
honoring and respecting the ancestors (zunzu jingzong 尊祖敬宗) 21, 23, 25, 30
Hu Dan 胡旦 (?–?) 342, 343, 355
Hu Hong 胡宏 (1106–1162) 485, 559, 636
Hu Sanxing 胡三省 (1230–1302) 62, 101, 132, 239
Huang Chao Rebellion (huangchao zhiluan 黃巢之亂) 57, 91, 122, 129, 141
Huang Shang 黄裳 (1146–1194) 578, 579
Hubei 湖北 243
Humiliation of Jingkang (jingkang zhichi 靖康之耻) 532, 564, 574
Hunan 湖南 243
Imperial Armies (jinjun 禁軍) 123, 143, 203, 205, 206, 216, 232–234, 237–241, 245, 250, 293
Metropolitan Cavalry and Infantry Commands (shiwei mabujun si 侍衛馬步軍司) 239
Metropolitan Cavalry Command (shiwei majun si 侍衛馬軍司) 239
Metropolitan Infantry Command (shiwei bujun si 侍衛步軍司) 239
Palace Command (dianqian si 殿前司) 239
Palace Inspectorate-General (dianqian du dianjian 殿前都點檢) 234, 236
Three Commands (sanya 三衙) 239, 240, 333, 552, 591
imperial clan (zongshi 宗室) 9, 23, 36, 45, 80–82, 85–87, 96, 138, 180, 331, 433, 442, 446, 447, 474, 539, 577, 578, 580
Imperial Diaries (Qijuzhu起居注) 449, 450, 459, 465, 471
Imperial Diarist (qiju sheren 起居舍人) 467, 471, 576, 588
imperial examination (keju 科舉) 64, 120–122, 126–128, 142, 155, 166, 172, 214, 289, 465, 469, 496, 499, 500, 611, 615, 634
Imperial Mother Yang 杨太妃 (984–1036) 423–425. Pure Consort Yang 楊淑妃 [of Emperor Zhenzong 宋真宗], 407
Important Annual Records since the Jianyan Era (Jianyan yilai xinian yaolu建炎以來繫年要録) 303, 457, 464, 539, 540, 543, 547, 548, 551, 552, 555–563, 566
Inner and Outer Courts (neiting yu waichao 内廷與外朝) 278, 415, 418, 419
Inner Court (neiting 内廷) 77, 78, 80, 81, 219, 267, 268, 270, 277, 279–281, 301, 410, 483, 503, 594
Inner Post (neizhi 內職) 269, 270
instructions bequeathed to the heart (chuanxin zhifa 傳心之法) 613, 614
Instructions of the Ancestor of the August Ming (Huangming zuxun皇明祖訓) 11, 86, 87
insubstantials (fubo 浮薄) 124, 129, 172, 361, 362, 519
internal troubles (neihuan 內患) 51, 321, 325, 439
Jade Ocean (Yuhai玉海) 349, 449, 450, 453, 454, 458, 460, 461, 463, 469
Ji Prefecture 濟州 541, 559, 600
Jia An 賈黯 (1022–1065) 295, 296
Jiang Xuanhui 蔣玄暉 (?–906) 43, 44, 268
Jing Xiang 敬翔 (?–923) 130–132, 158, 159, 167, 269, 270
Judicial Commissioner (tidian xingyu 提點刑獄) 515, 616
Juma River (Juma he 拒馬河) 102
Jurchen 女真 539, 540, 554
Kaifeng 開封 99, 113, 132, 162, 216, 218, 284, 285, 295, 310, 332, 337–340, 350, 442. the Eastern Capital (Dongjing 東京) [in the Northern Song Dynasty], 113, 114, 377
Kang Fu 康福 (885–942) 95, 98, 99, 107, 108, 140
Kang Yanze 康延澤 (915–984) 107, 108
Khitan 契丹 99–104, 114, 115, 117, 230, 291–293, 320, 321, 323, 351, 352, 368, 372–374, 376–378, 391, 402, 472, 547
Kong Daofu 孔道輔 (986–1039) 295, 440
Kou Zhun 寇準 (961–1023) 209, 288, 292, 293, 298, 337, 338, 340, 342, 362, 368–371, 374, 376, 391, 396–398, 401, 407, 414, 485, 501
learning of the heart (xinfa 心法) 613, 614
Left and Right Armies of Inspired Strategy (zuoyou shence jun 左右神策軍) 268
Commandant-in-Ordinary (zhongwei 中尉) 206
Lei Youzhong 雷有終 (947–1005) 68, 293
Lei Yungong 雷允恭 (?–1022) 411–413, 415, 417, 418
Li Changling 李昌齡 (937–1008) 342, 343, 355
Li Chongjin 李重進 (?–960) 224, 230, 234, 241
Li Chongju 李崇矩 (924–988) 191, 279, 281, 282, 294, 302, 303
Li Congrong 李從榮 (?–933) 157, 158, 160
Li Di 李迪 (971–1047) 416, 430, 437, 439
Li Fang 李昉 (925–996) 68, 322–324, 352, 480
Li Gang 李綱 (1083–1140) 240, 537, 546, 550
Li Gou 李覯 (1009–1059) 488, 489
Li Hang 李沆 (947–1004) 129, 176, 178, 335, 336, 345, 349, 350, 355–368, 371, 372, 378, 386, 391, 392, 399–401, 403, 420, 501
Li Jike 李季可 (?–?) 606
Li Jilong 李繼隆 (950–1005) 344
Li Keyong 李克用 (856–908) 45, 91, 94, 161, 164
Li Qiong Rebellion (Li Qiong bingbian 酈瓊兵變) 548, 556
Li Shaohong 李紹宏 (?–932) 273
Li Shu 李淑 (1002–1059) 176, 316, 449, 459, 468, 469
Li Tao 李燾 (1115–1184) 64, 69, 154, 175, 176, 181, 185, 192, 220, 223, 236, 237, 252, 255, 284, 286, 291, 309, 314, 319, 325, 338, 343, 360, 398, 408, 418, 424, 463, 466, 510, 523
Li Weiqing 李惟清 (943–998) 289, 290
Li Xiji 李襲吉 (?–906) 158, 159, 161, 167
Li Xinchuan 李心傳 (1167–1244) 459, 469, 543, 556
Li Yun 李筠 (?–960) 51, 100
Li Yu 李愚 (866–935) 114, 130, 138, 145, 148, 159
Li Zhen 李振 (?–923) 120, 126–129, 131, 159, 270
Li Zong’e 李宗諤 (965–1013) 68, 69, 352, 386, 395, 449
Liao Dynasty (Liao chao 遼朝) 99, 102, 230, 321, 372
Liao Prefecture 遼州 201
Limited Understanding on Palace Lectures (Jingwo guanjian經幄管見) 210, 370, 458, 460, 474, 475
Lin Dazhong 林大中 (1131–1208) 583
Lin’an 臨安 538, 583
literary learning (wenxue 文學) 25, 62, 120, 122, 146, 149, 154, 159, 160, 163, 167, 168, 172, 299, 370, 371, 553
literati-official (shi dafu 士大夫) 1, 2, 7, 9, 10, 13–16, 19, 38, 46, 48, 55, 56, 58, 59, 64–70, 73, 74, 77, 80, 83, 93, 95, 99, 115, 118–121, 123, 125, 127, 129, 130, 133, 142–153, 156–158, 161–164, 166–168, 170, 171, 173, 174, 184, 194–196, 199, 203, 204, 213, 214, 226–228, 230, 231, 237, 261, 263, 306, 334, 335, 347, 352, 355, 360, 365, 387, 389–393, 395, 396, 398, 400, 401, 403–407, 410, 414, 415, 422–426, 428, 431–434, 440, 441, 443, 452, 454, 455, 476–478, 482, 484, 486–490, 492–504, 506, 508, 510–516, 521, 524, 526–528, 531–533, 535, 536, 549, 554, 559, 560, 577, 581, 586, 589, 597–599, 605, 607
Literati-officials politics (shi dafu zhengzhi 士大夫政治) 9, 13, 16, 19, 120, 391, 426, 478, 490, 502, 536, 586, 598, 599
Liu Anshi 劉安世 (1048–1125) 512, 586
Liu Changyan 劉昌言 (942–999) 202, 203, 501
Liu Chenggui 劉承珪 (950–1013) 370, 387, 400
Liu Gong 劉珙 (1122–1178) 60–62, 122, 228
Liu Guangzu 劉光祖 (1142–1222) 200, 250, 454, 567, 569
Liu Jishu 劉季述 (?–901) 206, 238
Liu Jue 劉珏 (1078–1132) 561
Liu Kezhuang 劉克莊 (1187–1269) 85, 228, 593
Liu Ping 劉平 (?–?) 212
Liu Yue 劉豫 (1073–1146) 150, 428
Liu Zheng 留正 (1129–1206) 463, 548, 551, 555, 563, 566, 606–608
Liu Kai 柳開 (947–1000) 67, 355, 481, 489
Liu Pin 柳玭 (?–894) 60–62, 212
Lou Yao 樓鑰 (1137–1213) 577, 627
loyalty (zhong ) 9, 41, 47, 53, 58, 62, 63, 66, 69, 70, 97, 156, 191, 197, 211, 213, 265, 278, 279, 285, 289, 295, 368, 369, 371, 396, 436, 455, 456, 490, 502, 519, 523, 537, 558, 589, 602
Lu Cheng 盧程 (?–923) 134–136, 139, 147
Lu Duoxun 盧多遜 (934–985) 189
Lu Zongdao 魯宗道 (966–1029) 426, 427, 429, 431, 435
Lu Jiuyuan 陸九淵 (1139–1192) 360, 361
Lu Zhi 陸贄 (754–805) 35, 38, 83, 147, 262
Lü Dafang 吕大防 (1027–1097) 9, 79–82, 528, 529, 627
Lü Duan 吕端 (935–1000) 330, 342–345, 348, 349, 355, 357, 372, 479, 626
Lü Gongzhu 吕公著 (1018–1089) 429, 466, 528
Lü Huiqing 吕惠卿 (1032–1011) 524
Lü Mengzheng 吕蒙正 (946–1011) 202, 203, 337, 358, 471, 499–502
Lü Yihao 吕頤浩 (1071–1139) 229, 456, 547
Lü Yijian 吕夷简 (979–1044) 78, 389, 390, 399, 405, 424, 425, 429, 431, 436, 437, 442, 449
Lü Yuqing 吕餘慶 (927–976) 174, 185, 191, 192, 251
Lü Zhong 吕中 (?–?) 170, 195, 323, 328, 363, 477, 503, 543, 597, 617, 629
Lü Zuqian 吕祖謙 (1137–1181) 466, 611
Lulong Circuit 盧龍道 101, 102
Luo Congyan 羅從彥 (1072–1135) 200, 320, 457, 532
Luo Dajing 羅大經 (?–?) 359, 360, 556
Luoyang 洛陽 60, 108, 111, 147, 527, 533. the Western Capital (Xijing 西京) [in the Northern Song Dynasty], 280
Ma Duanlin 馬端臨 (1254–1323?) 85, 277, 444, 494, 495, 599
Ma Yongqing 馬永卿 (?–?) 227, 228, 512
Mandate of Heaven (tianming 天命) 24, 30, 44, 46, 86, 190, 217–222, 235, 306, 353, 376, 377, 379, 380, 386, 451, 543, 589, 615
Manuscript of the Sequel to Comprehensive Mirror in Aid of Governance (Xu zizhi tongjian changbian續資治通鑑長編) 67, 175, 181, 184, 189, 192, 200, 202, 207, 220, 223, 225, 236, 251, 255, 259, 284, 292, 293, 309, 311, 316, 319, 337, 342, 359, 365, 369, 378, 379, 408, 413, 417, 439, 452, 466, 510, 599
martial men (wufu 武夫) 163, 178, 208, 209
martial official (wuchen 武臣) 175–179, 183, 184, 194
martial rulers (wujun 武君) 150, 160, 223
Memorial-forwarding Office (tongjin si 通進司) 278
Memorials Office (jinzou yuan 進奏院) 278
men of letters (wenzhang zhishi 文章 之士) 119, 124, 130, 143, 145, 146, 603
Meng Zhonghou 孟忠厚 (?–1157) 560, 561
Mi Dechao 彌德超 (?–?) 280, 284, 288
Mi Xin 米信 (928–994) 107
Military Affairs Commissioner (shumi shi 樞密使) 44, 95, 98, 104, 137, 141, 144, 147, 151, 152, 159, 169, 190, 191, 206, 248–250, 258, 263, 266–276, 278–298, 301–305, 329, 369, 407, 410, 415, 433, 434, 437, 452, 485, 491, 507, 508, 558
Military Commissioner (jiedu shi 節度使) 92, 97, 103, 109–113, 116, 123, 147, 159, 162, 163, 178, 184, 205, 210, 218, 220, 230, 231, 234, 236, 239, 241–245, 269, 276, 285, 295, 324, 344, 400, 432, 434, 551, 572, 574, 599, 626,
frontier defense command (fanzhen 藩鎮) 90–93, 121, 146, 153, 162, 172, 198, 208, 231–233, 240–245, 251, 260, 276, 278, 279, 287, 291, 295, 550, 626
Military Training Commissioner (tuanlian shi 團練使) 68, 245
Models for an Emperor (Difan帝範) 33, 498
Models of Governance (Zhengfan政範) 49, 450, 451, 461
monarchical absolutism 君主專制 490, 600
Mongols 蒙古, 86, 590, 592, 593
moral legitimacy (daotong 道統) 533, 609, 610, 614, 637
moral uniformity (yi daode 一道德) 604
Mou Tsung San 牟宗三 (1909–1995) 479
Mount Tai (Tai shan 泰山) 30, 356, 357, 374, 375, 377, 378, 381, 386, 390, 391, 393, 394, 399
Mutiny of Miao Fu and Liu Zhengyan (miaoliu zhibian 苗劉之變) 548, 551, 555
nature and destiny (xingming 性命) 604, 605
Neo-Confucianism (xin ruxue 新儒學) 54, 57, 116, 315, 582, 605, 609, 610, 614–616, 635
New History of the Five Dynasties (Xin Wudai shi新五代史) 95–99, 103, 104, 108, 111, 112, 124, 127, 128, 130–132, 134, 135, 137–144, 148–150, 152, 156, 160–162, 164, 167, 169, 173, 271, 628
New History of the Tang (Xin Tangshu新唐書) 39, 48, 57, 58, 60, 92, 97, 121, 122, 231, 242, 444
Notes of Wang Wenzheng (Wang wenzheng bilu王文正筆録) 187, 189, 234, 252, 257, 356, 411, 413, 414, 419, 420, 501
offer sacrifices at Mount Tai (fengshan 封禪) 357
Office for the Veneration of Governance (chongzheng yuan 崇政院) 269–272
Office of Transmission (yintai si 銀臺司) 278
official historians (shichen 史臣) 217, 402, 423, 457, 462, 487, 523, 561, 564
Old History of the Five Dynasties (Jiu Wudai shi舊五代史) 45, 46, 63, 94–96, 98, 100, 103–105, 109–112, 127, 130–140, 143–147, 149–153, 155–165, 167–169, 172, 173, 217, 218, 269, 270, 273, 274
Old History of the Tang (Jiu Tangshu舊唐書) 39, 40, 42, 44, 48, 49, 56, 58, 60, 62, 97, 121–126, 129, 136, 218, 444
Old Tales from the Meandering Wei River (Quwei jiuwen曲洧舊聞) 221, 379, 418, 429, 430
original vitality (yuanqi 元气) 535–536
Outer Court (waichao 外朝) 78, 80, 167, 238, 266–268, 270, 272, 275, 276, 278–281, 297, 299–302, 304, 305, 345, 365, 366, 405, 406, 410, 413–415, 418–420, 425, 503
Outer Officials (waiting guanyuan 外廷官员, waichao guanyuan 外朝官员) 268, 270, 273
Ouyang Xiu 歐陽脩 (1007–1072) 48, 49, 58, 65, 66, 69, 70, 95, 96, 99, 104, 112, 117, 130, 142, 150, 161, 170, 188, 225, 260, 270, 285, 366, 393, 398, 402, 415, 416, 421, 424, 431, 453, 488, 507, 509, 512, 628
Palace Audience Gate (gemen 閤門) 285, 410, 419, 502, 562, 579
Administrator of the Palace Audience Gate (zhi gemen shi 知閤門事) 579
Memorial Reception Staff (gemen si 閤門司) 180, 199, 225, 311, 422–424
Palace Secretariat (shumi yuan 樞密院) [in the Tang Dynasty] 279
Pang Ji 龐籍 (988–1063) 234, 267, 296, 423, 438, 440
Pei Di 裴迪 (?–?) 132, 159
Pei Shu 裴樞 (841–905) 121, 123–129
Peng Guinian 彭龜年 (1142–1206) 576, 579
people’s hearts (renxin 人心) 84, 124, 221, 250, 296, 491–493, 496, 520, 528, 543, 574, 586, 587, 589–591, 597, 628
policy discussions [in civil service examination] (shice 試策) 470, 552, 569
political clique (pengdang 朋黨) 81, 90, 231, 334, 336, 339, 343, 362, 370, 387, 476, 509–511, 521, 527, 528, 532, 534, 543, 581, 606
politics of preventing lapses (fangbi zhizheng 防弊之政) 6, 316, 367, 623
posthumous epithet (shihao 謚號) 39, 63, 170, 217, 263, 265, 281, 349, 494, 580
praying to Heaven for a long-abiding mandate (qitian yongming 祈天 永命) 585–590, 628
Precedents of the Three Reigns (Sanchao diangu三朝典故) 329, 452, 453, 463, 464, 507, 508, 595
Precious Lessons (baoxun寶訓) 79, 83, 177, 320, 326, 370, 410, 443–445, 448, 449, 453–461, 463–477, 545, 547, 566, 584, 598, 618
Virtuous Words and Precious Lessons (Deyin baoxun德音寶訓) 458
Prefects in Charge of Military and Prefectural Matters (zhijunzhoushi 知軍州事) 242, 243. Prefects in Charge of Prefectural Matters (zhizhoushi 知州事) 243, Prefect (zhizhou 知州) 10, 110, 129, 195, 199–201, 207, 210, 242–245, 262, 342, 353, 355, 428, 434, 442, 498, 509, 549, 571, 574, 611
sub-prefect (tongpan 通判) 210, 243–245
sub-prefecture (zhijun 支郡) 242, 243
prefecture (zhou ) 54, 57, 68, 99–104, 108–112, 114, 115, 127, 138, 140, 149, 153, 157–159, 162, 164, 171, 172, 199–202, 207, 210, 233, 240–245, 284, 295, 310, 319, 324, 332, 338, 340–342, 344, 350, 353, 355, 378, 392, 397, 428, 434, 451, 492, 499, 509, 522, 524, 539–542, 549, 550, 559, 562, 600, 601, 606, 609, 626
presented scholar (jinshi 進士) 61, 121, 122, 129, 131, 134–136, 174, 186, 201, 290, 297–299, 339, 343, 370, 529, 610, 614, 615
Primacy of the Principle (daoli zuida 道理 最大) 598–600, 602, 605, 607, 609–612, 614–617, 620
Prime Tortoise of the Record Bureau (Cefu yuangui册府元龜) 41, 42, 55, 63, 98, 147, 169, 348, 349
principal graduate (zhuangyuan 狀元) 53, 209, 610
Principle of Emperors and Kings (huangwang zhili 皇王之理) 483
principles and standards (jigang 紀綱) 55, 320, 331, 353, 372, 507, 509, 511, 517, 518, 520, 551, 553, 581, 595, 624, 627–629
principles of governance (zhiti 治體) 354, 363, 467, 484, 572, 573, 589, 629
pro tempore (jianquan 兼權, quanjian 權兼) 407–411, 415, 416, 425
prominent family politics (menfa zhengzhi 門閥政治) 497, 498
promise of the golden cabinet (jinkui zhimeng 金匱之盟) 307–309
protocols for attending to and deciding on matters at court (tingduan yishi 聽斷 儀式) 412
protocols for receiving ministers and handling state affairs (tingzheng yizhi 聽政儀制) 419
protocols of governing as a regent behind the lowered curtain (chuilian yizhi 垂簾 儀制) 421
public opinion (gongyi 公議) 410, 507, 586, 623
Public Petitions Office (dengwengu yuan 登聞鼓院) 278
Qian Ruoshui 錢若水 (960–1003) 202, 203, 289, 290, 501
Qian Weiyan 錢惟演 (977–1034) 252, 407–409, 433, 434, 450
Qin Hui 秦檜 (1090–1155) 556–559, 567, 578, 579
Qingli Reforms (qingli xinzheng 慶曆新政) 452, 456, 506–507, 509–513, 525, 526
Reader-in-Waiting (shidu 侍讀) 448, 456, 468, 470–473, 566, 615
Academician Reader-in-Waiting (shidu xueshi 侍讀学士) 456, 468
Records and Notes of Sima Guang (Sushui jiwen涑水記聞) 68, 176, 181, 187, 193, 209, 220, 223, 225, 234–237, 362, 376, 377, 452, 462, 500
Records Following the Rules of Emperor Yao (Zunyao lu遵堯録) 178, 186, 187, 200, 209, 314, 320, 457, 532
Records of Politics of the Day (Shizheng ji時政記 ) 449, 450, 459, 465
Records of Waving a Duster (Huizhu lu揮麈録) 232, 233
Regional Inspector (cishi 刺史) 108, 200, 207, 242, 245, 428
Remonstrance Bureau (jianyuan 諫院) 249, 562
Administrator of the Remonstrance Bureau (zhi jianyuan 知諫院) 516
Remonstrance Official (jianguan 諫官) 76, 172, 441, 453, 484
reputation and ethics (mingjie 名節) 265
righteousness (yi ) 9, 11, 26, 42, 53, 58, 62, 70, 97, 156, 197, 213, 307, 368, 397, 489, 502, 586, 589, 602
Rites of the Zhou (Zhouli周禮) 261
routine report (Shuzhuang 熟狀) 252, 255, 257
Records of the Sagely Governance of the Three Reigns (Sanchao shengzhenglu三朝聖 政録) 49, 180, 223, 349, 449, 451–453, 461–463, 495, 618, 636
sage-kings in the Three Epochs (sandai shengwang 三代聖王) 486, 491
Sagely Governance (shengzheng聖政) 9, 49, 74, 83, 180, 223, 305, 349, 432, 437, 443–445, 449–468, 477, 545–547, 560, 561, 563, 567, 571, 572, 576, 595, 596, 598, 606–608, 618, 636
Sagely Institutions of Emperor Renzong (Renhuang shengdian仁皇聖典) 596
sagely instructions (shengxun 聖訓) 21, 68, 446, 579, 606
sagely learning (shengxue 聖學) 75, 446, 448, 467, 468, 477, 478, 480, 591, 613, 614, 619
Sagely Mirror for Managing the Household (Neizhi shengjian内治聖鑑) 576
Sagely Models of the Two Reigns (Liangchao shengfan兩朝聖範) 200, 454
Sang Weihan 桑維翰 (899–947) 103, 198, 275
scholar-general (rujiang 儒將) 148, 164, 212
Secretariat-Chancellery (zhongshu menxia 中書門下) 110, 134, 248, 249, 251, 258, 260, 266, 268, 273, 276, 277, 302, 303, 344, 368, 456, 508. Secretariat (zhongshu 中書) 45, 123, 137, 151, 171, 173, 209, 248, 257–260, 262, 266, 271, 272, 274–277, 286, 292, 299–301, 304, 333, 342, 348, 350, 357, 371, 400, 417, 420, 456
Jointly Manager of Affairs with the Secretariat-Chancellery (tong zhongshu menxia pingzhangshi 同中書門下平章事) 110, 134, 248, 273, 344, 368
Participant in Determining Governmental Matters (canzhi zhengshi 參知政事) 248
Secretariat and Bureau of Military Affairs (zhongshu shumiyuan 中書樞密院) 276, 300, 408, 411, 416, 419, 450, 456, 500. Two Administrations (erfu 二府) 18, 247, 248, 249, 255, 266, 277, 349, 408, 411, 415, 422, 452, 453, 482, 491, 499, 508, 511, 591,
shumi yuan 樞密院, Palace Secretariat [in the Tang Dynasty],Bureau of Military Affairs
serving one’s parents (shiqin 事親) 69, 576
Seven Rules for Civil Officials (wuchen qitiao 文臣七條) 209, 210
Seven Rules for Military Officials (wuchen qitiao 武臣七條) 210, 211
Shaanxi 陕西 468, 508, 554, 630
Shao Bo 邵博 (?–1158) 226, 253–255
Shao Yong 邵雍 (1011–1077) 9, 305, 485, 487, 616
sharing governance of the realm (gongzhi tianxia 共治天下) 478, 490, 497, 598, 605
shared governance (gongzhi 共治) 497–499, 501–503
shared management (gongli 共理) 499, 500
Shatuo 沙陀 91, 93–101, 104, 106, 107, 109–112, 115, 164
Shen Kuo 沈括 (1030–1094) 140, 270, 271, 598, 599, 606
Shen Yilun 沈義倫 (909–987) 174, 190, 191, 282, 628
Shi Gui 史珪 (926–986) 160, 167, 168, 200
Shi Hao 史浩 (1106–1194) 114, 490, 569, 606, 613
Shi Hongzhao 史弘肇 (?–950) 143, 144, 151, 152, 163, 164
Shi Jie 石介 (1005–1045) 9, 49, 223, 296, 437, 451, 457, 461, 462, 487, 488, 595, 596, 618
Shi Miyuan 史彌遠 (1164–1233) 474, 583, 584
Shi Prefecture 石州 201
Shi Shouxin 石守信 (928–984) 234–237
Shi Songzhi 史嵩之 (1189–1257) 592
Shi Xizai 石熙載 (928–984) 279, 283, 284, 288, 294, 297
Sichuan 四川 243, 371, 536
Sima Guang 司馬光 (1019–1086) 44, 49, 62, 68, 76, 176, 177, 181, 187, 193, 209, 220, 223, 225, 234–237, 258, 272, 273, 326, 343, 362, 376, 384, 414, 431, 452, 462, 500, 514–521, 527, 528, 532, 595, 596, 626
Sinicization (hanhua 漢化) 91–93, 95, 115
Shuo Prefecture 朔州 103, 104, 109, 110
Sogdian 粟特 91, 93–96, 98, 105, 107, 108, 110, 112–114, 136
Son of Heaven (tianzi 天子) 21, 27, 40, 73, 76–78, 155, 169, 191, 220, 222, 223, 227, 234, 251, 258, 261, 297, 330, 332, 373, 374, 376, 404, 422, 427, 430, 502, 510, 566, 608
Son-Emperor (er Huangdi 兒皇帝) 100, 101, 103
Song Hang 宋沆 (?–?) 337
Song Qi 宋祁 (998–1061) 263, 280, 420, 428, 499
Song Shou 宋綬 (991–1041) 319, 320, 352, 418, 428, 439, 448, 472, 586
Sovereigns, Kings, Emperors, and Hegemons (huang wang di ba 皇王帝霸) 479, 481, 483–485
Song-Liao (song-liao 宋遼) 101, 374
Spring and Autumn Annals (Chunqiu春秋) 13, 21, 94, 131, 160, 163, 164, 314, 374, 381
State Finance Commission (sansi 三司) 249, 350
State Fiscal Commissioner (sansi shi 三司使) 144, 168, 304, 366, 499, 512
State Councilors (zaifu 宰輔) 247, 248, 253, 255, 262, 264, 267, 296, 336, 356, 357, 361, 364, 399, 460, 471, 500, 568, 578. Stewards-Bulwark of State
Stewards-Bulwark of State (zaifu 宰輔) 136, 191, 193, 262, 263, 265, 278–280, 282, 284–291, 298, 303, 343, 345, 349, 369, 372, 397, 407, 413, 414, 416, 418, 429, 436, 511, 557, 558, 578, 580, 604. Grand Councilors and Executive Officials (zaizhi 宰執) 248, 386, 433, Stewards (fuchen 輔臣) 292, 351, 354, 362, 377, 380, 389, 408, 410, 607
strong trunk with weak branches (qianggan ruozhi 强幹弱枝) 325, 334, 550, 554, 559, 626
studiousness (haoxue 好學) 145, 149, 165, 167, 179
Su Fengji 蘇逢吉 (?–950) 149, 152, 153
Su Shi 蘇軾 (1036–1101) 53, 254, 473, 494, 603
Su Song 蘇頌 (1020–1101) 444, 461, 470, 472, 473
Su Zhe 蘇轍 (1039–1112) 67, 82, 228, 363, 389, 392, 393, 424, 473
Summary of Events in the Eastern Capital (Dongdu shilue東都事略) 78, 80, 170, 192, 254, 338, 339, 412, 426, 427, 429, 431, 486, 502
summon harmony (zhao heqi 召和氣) 627
inspire harmony (ganzhao heqi 感召 和氣) 628
Sun Fu 孫甫 (998–1057) 49, 50, 315, 451, 453, 461, 486
Sun He 孫何 (961–1004) 347, 355, 486
Sun Shi 孫奭 (962–1033) 379, 385, 386, 393, 428, 447
Surveillance Commissioner (guancha shi 觀察使) 136, 245, 434, 513
Taikang County 太康縣 [in Kaifeng 開封] 340
Tang Chong 唐重 (1083–1128) 546, 549, 550
Tang Mirror (Tangjian唐鑑) 49–52, 326
Tang Prefecture 唐州 108, 199
tangling of different views (yilun xiangjiao 異論相攪) 534
Tao Gu 陶榖 (903–970) 154, 156, 164, 184, 186–189, 246
The Learning of Emperors (Dixue帝學) 176, 449, 456, 468, 477, 488, 619
the nominal and the real (mingshi 名實) 519
The Xikun Collection of Poetry Exchanges (Xikun chouchang ji西崑酬唱集) 395, 396
Three Departments (sansheng 三省) 124, 126, 258, 262, 301, 303, 568, 571, 582, 591
Three Epochs of Antiquity (sandai 三代) 51, 52, 77, 197, 290, 306, 365, 477, 483, 486–488, 505, 525, 563, 569, 573, 575, 576, 588, 605, 613, 628, 637
Three Sage-Kings (sanhuang 三皇) 317, 482. Three Sovereigns, 323, 479, 481
Tian Kuang 田況 (1005–1063) 197, 213, 394, 398, 410
Tian Xi 田錫 (940–1003) 318, 323, 355, 481–484, 486, 488, 489
Tortoise Mirror (Guijian龜鑑) 545, 547
Treaty of Chanyuan (Chanyuan zhimeng 澶淵之盟) 114, 293, 323, 351, 352, 377, 397
tributary system (chaogong tizhi 朝貢 體制) 117
two palaces (lianggong 两宫) referring to Emperor Renzong of the Northern Song Dynasty 宋仁宗 and Empress Dowager Liu 劉太后 365, 412–414, 420
Unofficial History of the Restoration (Zhongxing yishi中興遺史) 553, 554
Veritable Records (Shilu實録) 83, 177, 282, 286, 312, 343, 405, 449, 465, 467, 529, 530, 546, 547
Wang Boyan 汪伯彦 (1069–1141) 541, 557, 561
Wang Yiduan 汪義端 (?–?) 578
Wang Zao 汪藻 (1079–1154) 551–556, 561
Wang Anshi 王安石 (1021–1086) 190, 262, 366, 367, 472, 491–494, 497, 506, 514–527, 530, 532, 597, 603, 604, 636. Wang Jiefu 王介甫, 515
Wang Ciweng 王次翁 (1079–1149) 556, 557
Wang Dan 王旦 (957–1017) 190, 259, 260, 335, 336, 349, 354, 356, 357, 361, 363, 367, 370–372, 374, 375, 385, 387, 390–393, 396–403, 435, 501
Wang Deyong 王德用 (987–1065) 295, 437
Wang Fuzhi 王夫之 (1619–1692) 222, 364, 505
Wang Fu 王黼 (1079–1126) 535, 553
Wang Gong 王鞏 (1048-?) 245, 253–255, 511
Wang Huaji 王化基 (944–1010) 325, 326
Wang Ji’en 王繼恩 (?–999) 308, 310, 342, 343, 355, 406
Wang Jiying 王繼英 (946–1006) 291–294
Wang Mian 王沔 (950–992) 287, 288, 297, 298
Wang Pu 王朴 (916–959) 169, 173
Wang Pu 王溥 (922–982) 169, 171, 185, 186, 219, 246, 249, 250, 252, 259
Wang Qinruo 王欽若 (962–1025) 280, 292, 294, 340, 341, 348, 369–371, 374–376, 385, 387, 388, 391, 394, 395, 400, 431, 485
Wang Renshan 王仁贍 (917–982) 190, 282, 294
Wang Shenqi 王審琦 (925–974) 234, 236, 237
Wang Shipeng 王十朋 (1112–1171) 53, 566, 606
Wang Shu 王曙 (963–1034) 397, 398, 556, 557
Wang Sizong 王嗣宗 (944–1021) 209, 395
Wang Xian 王顯 (932–1007) 279, 283–289, 291, 294, 297, 298
Wang Yansou 王巌叟 (1043–1093) 346, 603
Wang Yishan 王義山 (1214–1287) 614, 615
Wang Yucheng 王禹偁 (954–1001) 95, 105, 108, 129, 213, 323, 347, 355, 481, 513
Wang Zeng 王曾 (978–1038) 189, 237, 241, 370, 372, 385, 389, 390, 399, 405, 407–415, 417, 419, 420, 429, 435, 436, 447–449
Wang Zhang 王章 (?–950) 120, 143, 144
Wang Zhi 王銍 (?–1140) 232, 233
Wang Zhongxian 王仲先 (?–901) 206, 238
Wang Zhu 王洙 (997–1057) 196, 197, 372, 453
Way of Emperors and Kings (huangwang zhidao 皇王之道) 479–484
Way of Governance (zhidao 治道) 257, 467, 468, 479, 513, 514, 566, 606
Wei Yue 韋說 (?–927) 140
Wei Zheng 魏徵 (580–643) 321, 600–602
Wen Jiweng 文及翁 (?–?) 611, 615
Wen Yanbo 文彦博 (1006–1097) 263, 490–497, 521, 595, 596, 605
Wen Ying 文瑩 (?–?) 154, 181, 208, 417, 418
Wen Zhongshu 温仲舒 (944–1010) 288, 298, 342, 345
Wu Chong 吳充 (1021–1080) 491, 492
Wu Jing 吳兢 (670–749) 37, 444, 449, 457, 462
Wu Tingzuo 吳廷祚 (918–971) 169, 170, 275, 276, 281
Wu Yuan 吴淵 (1190–1257) 195, 196, 608, 609
Xia Song 夏竦 (985–1051) 437, 486, 487, 499
Xiahou Qiao 夏侯嶠 (933–1004) 290, 291
Xiang Minzhong 向敏中 (948–1019) 289–291, 358, 371, 372, 401
Xianping County 咸平縣 [in Kaifeng 開封] 110, 129, 184, 278, 291, 318, 336, 340, 345, 347, 349–351, 356–358, 362, 372, 373, 450, 458, 472, 475, 481–483, 486
Xin Prefecture 忻州 70, 201
Xin Zhongfu 辛仲甫 (927–1000) 207, 208
Xining New Policies (xining xinfa 熙寧新法) 521, 526, 603
Xining Reforms (xining bianfa 熙寧變法) 512, 513
Xining-Yuanfeng New Policies (xinfeng xinfa 熙豐新法) 506
Xu Yuanjie 徐元杰 (?–1245) 587, 608
Xu Ziming 徐自明 (?–?) 193, 284, 287
Xue Juzheng 薛居正 (912–981) 161, 174, 185, 186, 197, 314
Xue Kui 薛奎 (967–1034) 427, 429
Xue Rong 薛融 (880?–941) 151
Xue Yiju 薛貽矩 (850–912) 130, 131
Yan Fu 嚴復 (1854–1921) 12
Yan Shigu 顏師古 (581–645) 24, 313
Yan Shu 晏殊 (991–1055) 325, 415, 416, 437
Yan-Yun region 燕雲地區 115, 553
Yang Bin 楊邠 (?–950) 120, 143, 144, 152, 168
Yang Ningshi 楊凝式 (873–954) 131, 155, 156
Yang She 楊涉 (?–?) 130, 131, 141, 155
Yang Shi 楊時 (1053–1135) 489, 503
Yang Shouyi 楊守一 (925–988) 280, 289, 297, 298
Yang Wanli 楊萬里 (1127–1206) 83, 228, 494
Yang Wei 楊畏 (1044–1112) 529
Yang Yi 楊億 (974–1020) 199, 254, 348, 355, 358, 363, 370, 376, 394–396, 499
Yanmen Pass 雁門關 101, 102
Yao and Shun (yao shun 堯舜) 11, 37, 83, 84, 208, 305, 323, 478–482, 485, 487, 488, 490, 525, 528, 569, 585, 605, 609, 612, 614
Yao Mian 姚勉 (1216–1262) 609, 610
Ye Shi 叶適 (1150–1223) 75, 458, 574, 575, 622, 626
Yehe Zasag (Da zhasa大札撒) 86
Yellow River (Huang he 黄河) 91, 93, 113, 121, 122, 125, 127, 146, 147, 204, 209, 287, 351, 375, 473, 537, 551
Yelü Deguang 耶律德光 (902–947) 99–101
Ying Prefecture 應州 111–112
Yingtian Prefecture 應天府 542
Yongxi Northern Campaign (Yongxi beifa 雍熙北伐) 321, 480
Yongxing Prefecture 永興軍 397, 551
You Mao 尤袤 (1127–1194) 444, 577
You Prefecture 幽州 103, 324, 378
You-Ji region 幽薊地區 102, 103, 286, 322
You-Yan region 幽燕地區 322, 374
You-Yun region 幽雲地區 101
Yu Yunwen 虞允文 (1110–1174) 338
Yuanfeng Reform (yuanfeng gaizhi 元豐 改制) 247, 303
Yuanyou Revision (yuanyou genghua 元祐 更化) 526, 584
Yue Fei 岳飛 (1103–1142) 548, 557–559
Zang Bing 臧丙 (940–992) 201
Zeng Gongliang 曾公亮 (999–1078) 262
Zeng Gong 曾鞏 (1019–1083) 145, 164, 350, 353, 392, 394, 524
Zhang Chengye 張承業 (846–922) 136, 139, 146, 147
Zhang Dun 章惇 (1035–1105) 630
Zhang Fangping 張方平 (1007–1091) 102, 422, 438
Zhang Hong 張宏 (939–1001) 288, 298
Zhang Juhan 張居翰 (858–928) 273
Zhang Jun 張俊 (1086–1154) 557
Zhang Jun 張浚 (1097–1164) 365, 555–557
Zhang Qixian 張齊賢 (943–1014) 287, 288, 297, 298, 322, 323, 349, 350, 357, 358, 481, 482
Zhang Shi 張栻 (1133–1180) 72, 567, 587
Zhang Tingfan 張廷範 (?–906) 123, 125
Zhang Wenwei 張文蔚 (?–908) 130, 131
Zhang Xian 張憲 (?–926) 163, 167, 168, 173
Zhang Xun 張遜 (940–995) 288, 289, 297, 298
Zhang Yongde 張永德 (928–1000) 106, 184, 239
Zhang Yong 張詠 (946–1015) 499
Zhang Zai 張載 (1020–1077) 70, 609, 614
Zhang Zhibai 張知白 (?–1028) 435, 484
Zhao Changyan 趙昌言 (945–1009) 288, 298, 501
Zhao Defang 趙德芳 (959–981) 307–310
Zhao Dezhao 趙德昭 (951–979) 307–309, 324
Zhao Ding 趙鼎 (1085–1147) 67, 530, 557, 578
Zhao Guangyin 趙光胤 (?–925) 134, 136
Zhao Hong 趙竑 (?–1225) 474, 583
Zhao Prefecture 趙州 114, 115
Zhao Pu 趙普 (922–992) 85, 172–174, 181–183, 185–187, 190–193, 198, 207, 208, 224, 225, 227–229, 237, 241, 246, 249, 251, 259, 276–279, 281, 282, 292, 294, 302, 323, 324, 328, 359, 360, 456, 480, 481, 598–600, 606–611, 620, 628
Zhao Rong 趙鎔 (944–998) 202, 280, 289, 290, 297
Zhao Ruyu 趙汝愚 (1140–1196) 257, 353, 577–579, 581, 582
Zhao Tingmei 趙廷美 (947–984) 280, 288, 309, 322, 336
Zhao Yuanxi 趙元僖 (966–992) 332, 336, 338, 343
Zhao Yuanzuo 趙元佐 (966–1027) 336, 342, 343
Zhen Dexiu 真德秀 (1178–1235) 54, 72, 84, 473, 474, 584–591, 628
Zhen Prefecture 鎮州 138, 284
Zheng Renhui 鄭仁誨 (?–956) 169, 275
Zheng Shi 鄭湜 (?–?) 576
Zheng Xie 鄭獬 (1022–1072) 514
Zheng Xuan 鄭玄 (127–200) 373
Zhou Bida 周必大 (1126–1204) 228, 281, 312, 320, 326, 467, 470, 471, 568, 569
Zhou Chenghui 周承誨, also known as Li Jihui 李繼誨 (?–?) 206, 238
Zhou Ying 周瑩 (951–1016) 291, 292
Zhu Bian 朱弁 (1085–1144) 261, 418, 429
Zhu Taifu 朱台符 (965–1006) 347, 486
Zhu Xi 朱熹 (1130–1200) 2, 54, 72, 174, 204, 205, 254, 264, 316, 318, 337, 361, 365–368, 387, 392, 420, 435, 486, 489, 493, 495, 496, 513, 526, 575, 581, 582, 587, 605, 606, 609, 611, 615, 617, 625–627
Zong Ze 宗澤 (1059–1128) 540, 546
Zoroastrian temple (xian miao 祆庙) 113
Zoroastrianism (xian jiao 祆教, suoluoyaside jiao 瑣羅亞斯德教) 113, 114