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IndexAachen192, 278Abazi, Enika94, 97, 108, 122, 123Achern187, 191, 202Adorno, Theodor72, 80, 81Africa3, 6, 7, 12, 13, 40, 49, 51-53, 55-57, 64-66, 115, 116, 123, 129, 183, 197, 199-201, 279Ahmed, Sara17, 27, 28-29, 33Albania18-19, 85, 95, 98-101, 103, 104, 107, 108, 114-116, 118-120, 122-123, 125, 277Albanization95Allen, Beverly88, 94, 97, 103, 110, 123, 201, 205Amishai-Maisels, Ziva147, 177-179Amony, Evelyn39, 40, 47Angola58, 64Anti-Semitism67, 75, 81, 82, 164, 173, 175, 179, 180Arab183Arad, Yitzak160, 179Armenia16, 18, 20Artists11, 147, 149, 151, 153, 156-159, 162, 165, 168-170, 173, 177-180Asch, Michael107, 123Asia35, 36-38, 41, 213Atrocity36, 47, 73, 78, 87-88, 96, 121, 199, 210-211, 213, 218Auerbach38Auschwitz137, 139, 140, 150, 152-156, 170, 171, 181Auschwitz-Birkenau148, 181Baer, Ulrich135, 144Bahía-Portete Massacre264, 271-272Balkan85, 94, 95, 97-98, 108, 112-114, 118, 123-124, 127Bankier, David192, 203Bar-On, Dan173, 179Baumann, Karl191Baumel, Judith178-179Becirevic, Edina111, 123Bergen-Belsen138, 152, 153, 160, 181Berger, Rudolf194, 200Berlin86, 118, 127, 131, 132, 134, 139, 145, 170, 195, 200, 201, 204, 205, 209, 211, 215, 218, 219, 278, 279Bershad Ghetto166, 167Biddle, Jennifer25, 26, 33Bijolom238Birkenau140Bizalbal231Boder, David137-138, 139, 144Boesten, Jelke8, 12Boko Haram40, 49Boose, Lynda103, 123Bosnia88, 89, 94, 95, 103, 124, 127, 129, 130Bosnia-Herzegovina5, 14, 35, 85-90, 92-95, 97-98, 103-104, 111, 113, 115-118, 123-124, 127, 129-130Bosnian-Muslims29Bosnian-Serbs15, 29Bourke, Joanna214, 216, 218Bowman, Glenn113, 123Boys3, 10, 54, 62, 75-77, 142, 164, 187, 195, 236, 246-248, 250, 253, 257, 258, 260, 266, 269, 271-274Bracewell, Wendy95, 123Breisach187Bretten187Britain53, 160, 185, 214, 277, 279Brothels11, 36-37, 39, 41-43, 47, 131-144, 167, 168, 278Brownmiller, Susan92, 123, 211, 213, 216, 218Brutin, Batya169, 179Buchenwald138, 139, 160Burnet, Jennie3, 12, 116, 123Burundi56Butler, Christopher4, 12Bøås, Morten53, 64Caballero, Mauricio Albarracin256, 271Cahn, Naomi246, 269, 271Cali, city of255California46-48, 60, 66, 92, 95, 120, 124, 126, 130, 157, 159, 170, 179, 181, 246, 272, 279Campbell, John114, 123, 218Campbell, Kristen218Carpenter, Charli94, 95, 117, 118, 124, 250, 271Carsten, Janet99, 124Catholic Church11, 71, 183-186, 189-191, 193-198, 201-203, 224, 225Catholic Clergy183, 185, 189, 195, 197, 198, 202CEH – Historical Clarification Commission224, 225, 238Cesarani, David192, 203Chakravorty, Gayatri224, 241Chatwood, Kristy148, 179Chiang, Chuck36, 48Chibok, Nigeria40Childhood21, 24-27, 43, 70, 71, 74, 75, 77-78, 80, 149, 165, 168, 169, 171, 180Children24-26, 38, 40, 41, 46, 47, 60, 74, 75, 94, 95, 100, 102-104, 107, 116-120, 124, 149, 154, 164, 165, 169, 175, 178, 189, 195, 203, 214, 215, 229, 232-235, 237, 238, 253, 261, 268China37, 44, 45, 49Chodorow, Nancy170, 179Chomsky, Noam109Chunghee, Sarah Soh36, 48Clelland, Donald63, 64Clergy183, 185-191, 193-199, 200-202Clifford, James120, 121, 124, 126CNMH – National Center for Historical Memory255, 260-264, 271Cockayne, James51, 64Cohen, Dara Kay7, 10, 12, 91, 124, 248, 272Cohn, Carol92, 124, 272Collaboration31, 63, 133-135, 148, 259Cologne183, 203, 204Colombia12, 243-246, 251-261, 264-268, 272-275, 278Comfort Station39, 42-43Comfort System35-37, 39, 40-43, 45-47Comfort Women11, 35-36, 38-39, 41-49, 86, 279Concentration Camps11, 131-133, 135-139, 142-145, 148, 157, 161, 170, 177, 181, 237, 252Congo6, 8, 12, 13, 51, 53, 55-62, 64-66, 243, 271Crawford, Kerry90, 124Croatia85, 88, 89, 94, 103, 104, 110, 113, 116, 123, 129Cronk, Terri1, 12Czernowitz165Dachau138Dackweiler, Regina192, 204Dale dominance20, 30, 121Darfur148Delaney, Carol119, 124DeMause, Lloyd67, 81Denazification191, 201Denich, Bette18, 33, 114, 124DeSantis, Nick35, 48DesveauxEmmanuel107, 112, 124Diken, Bulent90, 124Diocese201, 278Displacement52, 103, 116, 127, 235, 261, 275Dolan, Chris272Dowd, Nancy250, 272Dower, John216, 218Doyle, Kate222, 226-228, 240Dror, Ether168, 179DSD – Death Squad Dossier222, 223, 225, 227-231Duk-Kyung, Kang43, 44Dzhambazova, Boryana56, 64Edström, Jerker272Eftimie, Adriana57, 64Ego69, 71, 72, 77, 82, 99, 100EGP – Guerilla Army of the Poor229Eichmann, Erich134, 145, 150Einstein, Albert78-80, 82ELN – Ejercito de Liberacion National252El-Tayeb, Fatima198, 204Eriksson Baaz, Maria8, 12, 51, 64, 243, 271Ethnic Cleansing5, 11, 16, 85-87, 91, 93-95, 102-104, 109, 111, 115-118, 120-122, 126, 130Ethnicity2, 5, 18, 33, 42, 43, 85, 89, 90, 95-97, 104, 117, 129, 157, 179, 232, 251, 254, 258, 259, 262Extermination17, 20, 111, 148, 181, 229Fackler, Martin44, 48Family Honor86, 98, 114-117, 122FARC – Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia252, 256-258FARDC – Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo56-57FDLR – Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda56Fein, Helen111, 126Feminicide225-226, 230, 231, 241, 279Femininity8-9, 15, 24, 41, 48, 54, 76, 81, 94, 104, 130, 147, 156, 157, 165, 169, 173, 177, 245, 247, 249, 255, 259, 260-263, 266-267Feminism2, 13, 21, 25, 33, 40, 41, 53, 66, 69, 81, 85, 87, 92-97, 102-103, 110, 120, 121, 124, 127, 129-130, 147, 156-159, 170, 178-181, 183-184, 209-211, 217-219, 222, 240, 244, 245, 248, 250-251, 259, 269-273, 277, 278Feminization30, 75, 248, 266Ferdinando, Lisa1, 12Fisher, Siobhan103, 104, 126Flechtmann, Frank199, 204Foça, Bosnia103Föhr, Dr. Ernst188Forced Abortions42, 143Forced Impregnation95, 103, 104, 118, 126Forced Maternity103, 104Forced Prostitution11, 13, 86, 257Forced Sex59, 102, 131-139, 140-144, 278Forced Sterilization143, 257Fornari, Franco72Forstner, Thomas185, 204Fox, Nicole173, 175, 179Freiberg, Freda39, 48Freiburg185-191, 193-197, 199, 202, 205-207Freud, Sigund68-71, 78-82Freudian25, 72, 81Friedman, Ariella170, 179Fritz, Stephen G.193, 204Fuchs, Konrad189Fulchirone, Amanda231, 235, 240Gaiser, Alois194Gang Rape29, 31, 39, 42, 78, 90, 103, 104, 110, 118, 236Garcia, Fernando221García, Lucas222, 237, 240Gays249, 255, 260-262, 271, 275GDR133, 134, 136Gebhardt, Miriam184-186, 188, 189, 192, 193, 196, 203, 204Geertz, Clifford121, 126Gender1, 5-8, 10, 12, 13, 21, 30-32, 35, 51-54, 57, 58, 60, 62, 64-66, 73, 82, 85, 89, 90, 92-99, 111, 114, 116, 118, 121, 122, 126, 127, 129, 130, 135, 136, 144, 147, 148, 157, 170, 179-181, 192, 199, 205, 211, 213, 218, 219, 225, 232, 235, 243-251, 253-255, 257-273, 277-279Gender Based Violence5-6, 11, 13, 68, 89, 90, 92, 116, 123, 245-247, 270-271, 274Gendered Violence3, 88, 129, 213Genocidal5, 15-21, 23, 24, 27-33, 87, 92, 95, 109, 110, 112, 148, 217, 225, 227, 230, 277Genocide2, 3, 7, 8, 10-11, 13, 15-20, 22, 27, 31, 32, 53, 66, 86-88, 90, 93-95, 97, 103, 104, 110-113, 118, 120, 123, 124, 126, 127, 129, 130, 144, 148, 181, 217, 221, 223-227, 229-231, 233-238, 240, 241, 257, 277, 278Gerardi, Juan Jose224Germans74, 78, 81, 166, 167, 186, 188, 192, 195, 196, 198-201, 209, 211, 219Germany11, 16, 38, 67, 72, 74, 81, 86, 131, 133, 134, 137, 140, 142, 145, 152, 153, 161, 164, 183-185, 187-189, 191-196, 198-205, 207, 209-219, 277-279Gestapo170Ghetto11, 13, 147-148, 150-154, 159, 164, 166, 167, 179-181Ginn, Courtney87, 127Girls10, 15, 16, 35, 38, 38-47, 49, 54, 61-63, 68, 140, 142, 167, 169-170, 183, 187, 189-190, 193-196, 200, 221, 223, 229, 236, 239-240, 252, 257, 258, 260Gjakmarrje101Gjaku99, 101, 119, 120Gjakut99Glöckler, Emil190Goldenberg, Myrna148, 179Goltermann, Svenja212, 219Goma, Congo55, 65Grieshaber, Ernst191Grimm, Karin255, 272Grimm, Leonhard197Gröber, Conrad185, 186, 191, 193-195, 198, 205Grossman, Dave67Grossmann, Atina184, 205, 211, 212, 219Group Psychology71, 78-79, 81-82Guatemala4, 7, 8, 12-13, 221-222, 224, 226-231, 233-241, 267, 279Guerillas58, 229, 235, 239-240, 252, 256-258, 260, 265Guilt25, 33, 71, 90, 95, 168, 186, 192, 195, 201-203, 231, 264Guttmann, Barbara188, 205Haas, Karl190Habyarimana, Juvenal19Haer, Roos9, 13Hagemann, Karen193, 199, 205, 207Halilovich, Hariz103, 127Halley, Janet211, 219Halpern, Joel18, 33, 98, 127Hamber, Brandon272Hansen, Lene97, 127Harris, Angela273Harris, Ruth127Haungs, Karl187Hausch, Karl196Häusler, Ferdinand190Hayashi, Yuki44, 48Hayden, Robert91, 127Hazan, Pierre87, 110, 127Hedgepeth, Sonja148, 160, 180Hegemony121, 223, 224, 226, 227, 246-250, 255, 256, 259, 265-267, 270, 271, 273Heineman, Elizabeth195, 201, 205, 211, 213, 215, 219Heinzelmann, Peter196Helms, Elissa90, 115, 127Hertzog, Esther148, 169, 179Herzfeld, Michael96, 127Herzog, Dagmar195, 205Hesford, Wendy222, 240Hetero-masculinity237Heteronormative255, 260, 262, 263, 267Heterosexuality8, 30, 222, 235-236, 258, 259, 261-263, 266Hiroshima39, 212Holocaust4, 11, 13, 14, 37, 46, 132-134, 137, 142, 143, 145, 147-150, 152, 153, 156-160, 163-165, 168-170, 173, 175, 177-181, 212, 218, 278Homophobia245, 249, 251, 255-258, 271, 272, 274Homosexuality134, 245, 249-250, 255, 265, 270, 274Hošková-Weissová, Helga153Hromadzic, Azra93, 115, 127Human Rights2-5, 9, 12-15, 18, 19, 32, 33, 36, 37, 60, 66, 87, 89, 90, 93-96, 103, 104, 109, 116, 118-119, 123, 124, 130, 221-226, 228-229, 230, 236, 237, 240, 241, 243, 245, 249, 250, 252, 253, 256, 258, 271-274, 277-279Human Trafficking46, 47, 52, 63Humiliation17, 28-30, 62, 74, 77-78, 88, 109-111, 136, 148-150, 152-154, 156, 199, 210, 248Hutus19, 29Hyper-Masculinity67, 76-77, 81, 243-247, 256, 259, 262, 264, 266-271Hyper-Sexualization225, 255, 279ICC – International Criminal Court6, 87, 124ICTR – International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda87, 124ICTY – The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia15, 32, 87, 124, 127Identity5, 7, 14, 17, 25, 76, 92, 94, 95, 97, 103, 104, 107, 108, 113, 115-119, 122, 123, 126, 130, 150, 157, 165, 169, 177, 180, 195, 205, 211, 214, 217, 219, 224, 228, 230, 233, 259, 263Impregnation95, 103, 104, 110, 116, 118, 119, 126Imprisonment36, 39, 41, 47, 132-133, 136, 138Impunity4, 6, 8, 9, 13, 31, 222, 226, 230, 241, 256, 270, 279Indigenous Community230, 239, 264Indigenous Women12, 221-224, 228, 230, 231, 233-237, 239, 240, 254, 279Indonesia37, 249, 271Inequality10, 245, 250, 252, 255Inter-American Court of Human Rights228Israel133, 134, 145, 147, 150, 155, 156, 165, 168, 170, 173, 175, 177, 178-180, 232, 278Ixconcabal238Ixil224, 231, 233, 240Japan11, 36-39, 42-49, 212, 216, 218, 219, 279Japanese Military41-44, 46, 48, 49, 86Jews16, 18, 20, 80, 132, 134, 147-149, 153, 156, 157, 159, 160, 163-167, 170, 173, 175, 177-181, 278Jones, Adam111, 127Jones, Amelia157, 181Jones, Ann40, 48Joyce, Rosemary99, 127Judkowski, Naomi150, 155, 156, 180, 181Justice2, 5, 8, 12, 54, 59, 60, 66, 87, 89, 90, 109-111, 115, 122, 127, 129, 130, 134, 221, 222, 224-226, 229, 230, 234, 240, 244, 245, 250, 251, 256, 257, 259, 266-268, 272-275, 278Kaldor, Mary52, 65Kapo135-134, 145Karlsruhe187, 188, 191, 196, 197, 203, 205Kaser, Karl118, 127Kasindi, Congo55Kershaw, Ian201, 205Kesic, Vesna110, 127Kidnapping40, 49, 54, 62, 161, 166, 167, 235, 238, 240Kieser, Dr. Albert196Killings62, 67, 68, 74, 75, 78, 80, 82, 83, 93, 115-116, 121, 128, 228-230, 232, 233, 235, 237, 239, 262-264Kimanuka, Celestin55, 65Kimura, Maki37, 38, 42, 43, 48Kinshasa58, 64Kinship85, 96, 98, 99, 107, 113, 116, 120, 123, 127Kony, Joseph39, 40Korac, Maja104, 110, 128Kosovo19, 33, 86, 88, 94, 95, 97, 98, 103, 104, 109, 111, 113, 115-117, 123Kreutler, Hermamm192Kuchler, Christian186, 189, 206Kurkiala, Mikael121, 128Kyung-Paeng, Jin44Labowitz, Leslie159Lacan, Jacques25, 26, 33, 107, 129Ladinas229, 235, 239Ladinos221, 226, 229-230, 239Laudati, Ann56, 65Leatherman, Janie3, 10, 13Leiby, Michele4, 13Lesbians133, 249, 261-264, 271Lévi-Strauss, Claude86, 99, 105-109, 112, 113, 117, 123-126, 128-130LGBTI249, 253-260, 262, 271Littlewood, Roland93, 128Litvak-Hirsch, Tal173, 180Loken, Meredith89, 91, 92, 128Luedke, Alicia9, 13Lvov163, 164MacKinnon, Catherine88, 91, 109, 110, 127, 129Maclean, Emi226, 234, 240Male Bodies228, 230Male Chauvinism256Male Identity76, 245, 251, 259, 262, 265, 266, 269Maleness244, 245, 249, 251, 259, 261, 266, 267Male Sexuality12, 93, 243, 245, 246, 266Male Survivors131-133, 136, 142, 144, 250, 261, 273Male Victimhood243-245, 248-251, 253, 256-261, 265-267, 269, 271-274Malinowski, Bronislaw119, 129Manhood77, 243, 244, 246, 260, 269Marriage38, 40, 60, 98, 100-105, 107, 109, 112, 114, 118, 124, 126, 128, 160, 161, 165, 177, 189, 196Masculinity2-5, 8, 12, 15, 41, 43, 48, 54, 68, 75-78, 80-81, 91-92, 94-95, 104, 113-114, 117, 119, 123, 127, 130, 169, 215, 219, 243-251, 255-256, 258-261, 263-275, 278Massacres62, 73, 111, 230, 237, 238, 264Mass Rape11, 16, 51, 85-86, 91, 94-98, 102-103, 105, 109-111, 113, 115-118, 120-122, 126, 128, 130, 199, 209-210, 212, 217, 218Mass Violence3, 115, 129, 277Mayan7, 8, 221, 223, 225, 227, 231, 235, 240Mazzoni, Christina175, 180McCurry, Justin36, 48McGinn, Therese116, 129Memorials131, 169, 175, 178, 179, 215, 278Memory13, 45, 70, 95, 103, 108, 109, 123, 127, 131, 136-137, 144, 147-149, 156, 168-169, 170, 172-173, 175, 178-181, 184, 195, 202, 205, 209, 210, 212, 215-217, 219, 224, 236, 237, 240, 259-260, 268, 278Merleau-Ponty, Maurice21-24, 26-27Mesok, Elizabeth2, 13Mianhuan, Liu44, 45Militarism16, 19, 90, 117, 224, 243-246, 248, 255-256, 259-262, 265-266, 269, 271Military1-4, 9, 11-13, 16, 35-39, 41-49, 52, 54, 55, 57, 67, 68, 72, 74-78, 80, 81, 85, 86, 89-91, 93, 95, 102-105, 110, 111, 113, 117, 120, 128, 192, 199, 205, 209, 210, 215, 218, 223-234, 237, 240, 252, 260Militias41, 48Misogyny31, 76, 77, 80, 92, 94, 113, 117, 225, 245Mittelbau-Dora137, 138, 140Mlambo-Ngcuka, Phumzile1Molasky, Michael216, 219Montt, Rios229-230, 237, 239Morokvasic, Mirjana89, 93, 129Morphodynamics86, 102, 106, 108-109, 112, 120, 126, 129Moser, Caroline51, 65Moshman, David19, 33Münkler, Herfried52, 65Muslims15, 16, 18, 19, 111, 183Mwapu, Isumbisho59, 65Myanmar1Myth86, 99, 105-108, 112, 118, 119, 128, 129, 175Nagasaki212Nahoum-Grappe, Veronique88, 129Naimark, Norman209, 211, 213, 219National Identity78, 195, 205, 211, 214, 217, 219Nationalism18-19, 36, 41, 44, 46, 48, 74, 78, 89-90, 93, 95, 97, 108, 116-117, 121-123, 127, 129-130, 194, 199, 209-210, 213National Security222, 227, 231, 235, 237-239, 240National-Socialism74-75, 131-135, 139, 194, 195, 211, 219, 277-278National Victimhood90, 212-214Nayak, Meghana248, 273Nazism11, 16, 110, 134, 148-149, 150, 156, 159, 164, 180, 186, 192, 195, 199, 212, 213, 218, 279NCHM – National Center for Historical Memory260Nebaj232, 237Neuman, Shoshana165-169, 180Neustadt-Glewe152, 153Niemeyer, Maren137, 145Nigeria40, 53Nohe, Anton190Nordstrom, Carolyn47, 49, 92, 129Nussbaum, Martha26, 28-29, 33Occupation11, 39, 43, 49, 51, 57, 103, 104, 126, 164, 180, 183-188, 190, 193-195, 197-199, 200-205, 209-219Olujic, Maria88, 129ORPA – Revolutionary Organization of People in Arms229OS – Operation Sofia223, 225-234, 236-238, 240Parpart, Jane244, 273Patriarchy7, 15, 20, 24, 30, 98, 107, 118, 127, 183, 192, 216, 223, 225, 231, 234, 237, 247-248, 256, 258-259, 261, 268, 272Peace7, 8, 10, 12, 13, 16, 20, 31, 47, 51, 60, 62, 64, 66, 89, 92, 93, 116, 129, 130, 198, 203, 224, 226, 243, 245, 246, 251, 252, 256-259, 265-267, 269, 271-273, 278Peacekeeping248, 273Perpetrators8, 9, 13, 16, 17, 27, 31, 35, 43, 51, 59, 65, 90, 103, 113, 115, 117, 121, 156, 183, 187, 197, 201, 214, 216, 223, 248-250, 261-264, 266-268, 271, 273Peru4, 8, 12, 13, 116, 130Philippines37, 41, 43Pister, Hermann138Podolsky, Anatoly164, 167, 180Pogroms162-164Pohl, Rolf82, 83Pohl, Sebastian81Poland137, 139-140, 150, 164, 170, 177, 194Political Economy3, 9, 12, 28, 52, 53, 56, 60, 65, 66, 116, 123, 279Political Violence51, 65, 94Post Conflict8, 12, 89, 116, 123, 224, 226, 245, 246, 265, 266, 269, 271Priests11, 184-197, 200-203Prostitution11, 13, 20, 27, 30, 31, 37, 39, 41-49, 57, 59, 61, 65, 86, 93, 133, 141-142, 144, 148, 159, 166, 188, 196, 212, 215-217, 257Psychoanalysis11, 25, 33, 67-71, 75, 79, 81, 83, 170, 179, 279Psychology19, 26, 27, 33, 42, 44, 67, 69-71, 74-75, 79, 81, 82, 110, 113, 116, 117, 129, 143, 192, 212, 236, 239Qiu, Peipei44, 45, 49Quetzal231, 235Quiche226, 236, 240Race5-6, 111, 117, 127, 133, 157, 159, 183, 197-199, 202, 204, 205, 213, 218, 221-226, 225, 229, 231-232, 236, 239, 240, 245, 251, 259, 273, 279Racism43, 117, 183, 198-201, 221, 227, 231, 236, 241, 258Rape5-24, 27-33, 35, 36, 38, 39, 41-45, 48, 49, 51, 54, 56-61, 65, 73, 78, 85-98, 102-105, 109-118, 120-124, 126-130, 148, 156-161, 165, 167, 168, 170, 173, 175, 177, 178, 181, 183, 184, 186-192, 194, 197-199, 201-203, 205, 206, 209-219, 221, 233, 236, 239, 240, 243, 245, 247-249, 251, 252, 260-266, 270-274, 277Rape-Shame11, 16-18, 20, 22-24, 25, 27, 29, 31-32Rapists15, 20, 22-24, 27-29, 30-32, 91, 94, 104, 117, 161, 177, 185, 191, 198Ravensbrück133, 134, 138, 143-145, 149, 152, 153, 181Refugees33, 88, 183, 237-239Reker, Henriette183Reparations35, 46, 54, 253, 256, 257, 259-260, 267, 268, 270, 274RHEMI – Recovery of Historical Memory224, 225, 236, 237, 239Riga Ghetto159Röderer, Joseph187, 200Rohingya1Roma139Rosenberg, Pnina147, 181Rosenstrauch, Zofia150, 155Ross, Fiona115, 129Rottenburg201, 206Russia140, 160, 192, 209, 211, 213, 219Rwanda3, 5, 12, 14-20, 29, 53, 55, 56, 58, 65-66, 86, 94, 95, 103, 115, 116, 118, 123, 130, 148Sachsenhausen138Salzman, Todd103, 109, 130Sanford, Victoria7, 8, 13, 14, 116, 130, 230, 241Sartre, Jean-Paul23, 24, 26-27, 32, 34Schwartz, Jacques200, 201, 204Serbia19, 35, 85-86, 89-90, 95, 97, 103-104, 109-111, 113, 123-124Serrano-Amaya, Jose Fernando249, 256, 274Sexism89, 93, 129, 183, 245, 258Sex Labor131-144, 278Sex Slavery32, 36, 39-46, 48, 49, 59, 65, 87Sex Trafficking37, 39, 41, 43, 47Sexual Abuse11, 36, 38, 44, 85, 89, 148, 149, 157, 159, 168-170, 177, 178Sexual Assault1, 5, 12-13, 35, 38-39, 41, 57, 59, 86, 91, 103, 148, 159, 168, 209, 210, 215Sexual Exploitation39, 44, 89, 131, 133, 141, 142, 144, 159, 216Sexualized War250, 273Sexual Violence1-16, 19-20, 29, 35-38, 41, 42, 45, 51, 53, 56-58, 63, 64, 73, 76, 80, 85-87, 89-92, 94, 95, 98, 103, 109, 111, 115, 116, 118, 123, 124, 126, 128, 130, 141, 143, 147-149, 156, 157, 159-161, 164, 168, 169, 178-180, 183-193, 197, 198, 200-203, 207, 209, 212-219, 223-226, 230-231, 234, 236-238, 243-275, 277Sex Work36, 54, 59, 133, 138, 212Shir, Hana170-175, 177Shoah135, 137, 144, 169, 181Siebold, Josef Julius190Sierra Leone53, 57, 61, 62, 248, 272Sigmaringen187Sivakumaran, Sandesh249, 250, 267, 270, 274Sjoberg, Laura92, 130Sofsky, Wolfgang142, 145Soldiers8, 10-12, 15, 20, 31, 39, 40, 42-44, 51, 56-59, 68, 72-75, 77, 86, 104, 148, 160, 161, 184, 185, 187-189, 193, 194, 197-202, 204, 205, 211, 219, 231-234, 236-240, 243, 253, 271Sonderbauten132South Korea36-37, 44, 46, 48-49Soviet Union86, 137, 209, 210, 213, 215, 217-219Spivak, Gayatri224, 227, 233, 241Srebrenica111SS132, 133, 135, 139, 140, 142-144, 149, 152, 153, 156, 196, 199, 202Stiglmayer, Alexandra94, 95, 109, 130stigma1, 18Stigmatization1, 16-18, 32, 131, 133-134, 245, 250, 265, 270Sudan9, 13Survivors30, 35-37, 39, 43, 44, 61, 85, 89, 90, 103-104, 109, 122, 130-136, 139, 142, 144, 147, 148-149, 152, 153, 156, 159-160, 164-165, 168-170, 173, 177-180, 223, 226, 227, 231, 234, 235, 240, 250, 261, 273SVAM – Sexual Violence Against Men243-246, 248, 250, 254, 256, 257, 261, 264, 266, 268Taboo31, 70, 74-75, 135, 136, 210, 214, 254Taiwan37, 44Tanaka, Yuki39, 41-43, 49Tanzania56Tembo58Testimony8, 33, 35, 41, 43-45, 49, 121, 131, 133, 135, 144, 148-150, 152, 153, 164, 166, 168-169, 223-224, 226, 234, 236-237, 239, 245, 259-264, 266Theresienstadt154Theweleit, Klaus73, 78, 83Thoma, Emil197Timm, Annette4, 14Torture1, 2, 7, 40, 45, 57, 59, 73, 90, 104, 111, 132, 186, 221, 228, 230, 234, 260, 262-263, 274Transgender261-263, 275Tutsis16, 18, 19Uganda39, 55, 56, 58Ukraine132, 140, 164, 170, 180United Nations32, 36, 56, 66, 222, 224, 226, 234, 246, 247, 274, 277United States1, 16, 35, 61, 147, 156, 157, 164, 175, 180Victims2, 5, 9-11, 13, 17, 24, 29, 31-32, 36-38, 40, 41, 44, 48, 51, 58, 59, 63, 73, 87, 88, 91, 93-95, 97, 103, 104, 109, 115, 116, 121, 130, 133, 135-137, 141-142, 144, 159, 164, 168-169, 170, 177-178, 183-187, 189-191, 197, 203, 210-219, 221, 223-225, 227-230, 232, 235, 237, 243-262, 265-274Victimhood1, 5, 11, 90, 93, 115, 127, 165, 177, 178, 201, 209-219, 244, 248, 251, 267, 270Victimization3, 10, 18, 21, 41, 45, 89, 95, 115-116, 157, 169, 177, 203, 250, 259, 268, 269, 273Vinck, Patrick60, 66Vogt, Johann187, 196, 197Vojdik, Valorie244, 275Waldkirch187, 194, 201, 206Walldürn187War1, 3-5, 7-16, 18, 19, 33, 35-41, 43, 45-49, 51-55, 57-64, 66-68, 70-75, 77-83, 85-98, 103, 104, 109-113, 115-118, 120-124, 126-131, 133, 134, 137, 144, 164, 168, 170, 173, 184, 185, 191, 192, 195, 198, 199, 203-206, 209, 211-215, 217-219, 221-224, 226, 228-230, 233, 234, 236-240, 244, 245, 248, 250, 252, 257, 269, 271-273, 275, 277-279War-Brothels77War Crimes19, 33, 35, 36, 38-39, 41, 46, 49, 87, 89, 127, 257War Rape85-87, 89, 93, 95, 104, 115, 117-118, 120, 127, 130Warsaw Ghetto11, 13, 150, 164, 179Wayuu264, 271, 272Weitsman, Patricia5, 7, 14, 94, 95, 103, 115, 130Wickert, Christl136, 145Wolfer, Jürgen197, 198, 207Wolfthal, Diane161, 181Women’s Bodies43, 60, 109, 159, 178, 236-237, 247Women’s Rights55, 104, 183WHO – World Health Organization61, 66, 261, 273World War I16, 74, 78, 198, 199, 201, 204World War II4, 11, 14, 16, 35-41, 43, 46, 48, 49, 74, 164, 184, 195, 202, 206, 212, 215-216, 218, 219, 278, 279Xenophobia19, 77, 80, 113, 123Yablonka, Hanna134, 145Yad Vashem150, 155, 179, 180Yoshiaki, Yoshimi43, 49Yugoslavia11, 15-20, 29, 33, 85-90, 93-94, 96-98, 102-105, 109-113, 115-118, 120, 121, 123, 127-130, 148, 218Zarkov, Dubravka104, 130Zimmermann, Heribert187, 193

War and Sexual Violence

New Perspectives in a New Era

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