Subjunctive and Optative in Herodotus’ Purpose Clauses as Relative Tense Markers

in Variation and Change in Ancient Greek Tense, Aspect and Modality
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Abstract

In Herodotus, the optative in purpose sentences reports an action in the present with regard to the action of the main clause, while the subjunctive reports an action in the future with regard to the action of the main clause. We are thus dealing with modal uses which imply a time reference concerning the action indicated in the main clause.

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