This paper studies Turkey’s maritime compliance and enforcement of international law of the sea, focusing on irregular migration in the Aegean Sea region.
International maritime affairs abhor a mystery. Any doubt with respect to the law applicable thereto impairs maritime actors including not only states, but also private law persons in their computation of potential risks, and deters them from entering into relations with each other. As the world has grown smaller and more integrated as a result of its increasing use of seas and oceans, its law should be unique. There is indeed only one sea or one ocean in the world whatever named regionally, which globally connects people to each other. Accordingly, the unification of law of the sea and especially of its future enforcement should be the main target however hard the counterbalancing of the various maritime interests could be.
For the unification, states should first understand each other’s policies and positions correctly. The academic centers or institutions in the world assist such aim, especially by organizing international workshops and symposiums in cooperation with others as today.
Within the scope of this presentation, first the law of the sea complied and enforced within the jurisdiction of Turkey is dealt with. Then Turkish maritime authorities complying and enforcing such laws are touched upon. Finally Turkey’s approach to the irregular migration problem in the Aegean Sea Region is evaluated from the marine jurisdiction and human rights perspective.