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Cover illustration: An illustration from the Wriothesley Garter Book of the Parliament of England assembled at Blackfriars in the year 1523. Painted on vellum as part of an heraldic compendium by Sir Thomas Wriothesley (Garter King of Arms, 1505–1534), it is thought to be the earliest surviving contemporary illustration of the opening of parliament. With kind permission of the Royal Collection Trust.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Names: Damen, Mario, 1969- editor. | Haemers, Jelle, editor. | Mann, Alastair J., editor.

Title: Political representation communities, ideas and institutions in Europe, (c. 1200-c. 1690) / Edited by Mario Damen, Jelle Haemers, Alastair J. Mann.

Description: Leiden ; Boston : Brill, [2018] | Series: Later Medieval Europe, issn 1872-7875 ; volume 15 | Includes bibliographical references and index.

Identifiers: lccn 2018030415 (print) | lccn 2018036931 (ebook) | isbn 9789004363915 (Ebook) | isbn 9789004352414 (hardback : alk. paper)

Subjects: LCSH: Representative government and representation--Europe--History--To 1500. | Representative government and representation--Europe--History--16th century.. | Representative government and representation--Europe--History--17th century.

Classification: lcc jn5 (ebook) | lcc jn5 .P65 2018 (print) | ddc 328.409/02--dc23

LC record available at

Typeface for the Latin, Greek, and Cyrillic scripts: “Brill”. See and download:

ISSN 1872-7875

ISBN 978-90-04-35241-4 (hardback)

ISBN 978-90-04-36391-5 (e-book)

Copyright 2018 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.

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