Open Access

The sea, like a mother, provided nourishment to infant humanity which possibly fished before it hunted. The inventiveness of primitive humankind in fish-catching has amazed many an anthropologist … The earliest cave dwellers in the Mediterranean region in Mesolithic times had become fishermen by the seventh millennium B.C. Large numbers of fishbones were found in their caves. ... Homo erectus, the only human species living in Southeast Asia 800,000 years ago, was a seafarer, capable of piloting a vessel over at least 600 km of deep fast-moving waters, from Java to the Indonesian island of Flores … And since the stone age, fisheries have constituted the basis of the economies of coastal communities. Fishing encouraged ship-building and enhanced the spirit of science and exploration, international trade and naval power.

ELISABETH MANN BORGESE*

Fisheries management, even in the most advanced countries, quite simply, has been a failure. ... Reliance on the precautionary approach appears to be the common-sense alternative, but it is difficult to reach political agreement on when, where, and how to apply it.

ELISABETH MANN BORGESE*

The Future of Ocean Governance and Capacity Development

Essays in Honor of Elisabeth Mann Borgese (1918-2002)