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in Another Way
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IndexAActivism,14, 75, 92, 145−148, 152Agricultural work/agricultural reforms,13, 20, 22, 23American Federation of Teachers (AFT),117Argentina,1, 6, 31−39, 41, 45, 46crisis,31−39, 41−44, 46Authoritarianism,34, 67−69, 146, 150BBeijing,8, 130, 136, 145−155Bilingual education,121, 143Brazil,1, 6, 12−14, 16, 17, 21, 27Brazilian Landless Workers Movement (MST),6, 11−27, 29, 30Brazilian Socialist Party,11Buenos Aires,31−37, 40, 41, 46Bush schools.See village schoolsCCentralization,65−70, 148, 150Charter Management Organization (CMO),119Charter schools,x, 8, 115−127China,xvii, 1, 3, 8, 129−133, 137, 139, 141, 145−148, 150, 152, 154, 155Civil rights,xi, 73, 115, 118, 127, 147, 148, 152Civil society,7, 15, 16, 18, 27, 31, 41, 43, 97, 103−111, 146, 147Classism,87Communism,69, 71, 74Community schools,ix, x, xi, xvii, 7, 8, 83−88, 93, 97−111, 117, 129Community-based education,ix, 1, 2, 7, 8, 34, 78, 81, 99, 145Community-based management,xvii, 47−60Community education associations,51Community participation,3, 6, 7, 25, 33, 37, 39, 42, 48, 49, 51, 53−56, 59, 89, 97, 98, 100, 103, 108−110Cooperativism,17, 50, 110Corporal punishment.SeeviolenceCultural transmission,8, 129, 130, 141DDecentralization,ix, xvii, 1−8, 12, 14–16, 18, 28, 31, 38, 40, 45, 47−49, 60, 65−81, 83, 91, 97−100, 103, 109, 111, 117, 126, 129, 133, 141, 145, 146Democratization,1−8, 14, 20, 31−45, 47, 51, 60, 98, 99, 108, 111, 126, 150Disabilities,86Discrimination,7, 71, 73, 74, 76, 80, 85EEducation authorizer,118, 119, 123, 124, 126Education Management Organization (EMO),119El Salvador,1, 7, 47, 50, 51, 53, 58, 60, 63Employment,xviii, 8, 26, 71, 75, 79, 102, 106, 129, 139, 132, 134, 136, 139, 140Empowerment,5, 7, 18, 33, 37, 60, 75, 139English,46, 67, 78, 82, 106, 129, 130−140, 154Escuelas de Gestion Social/Cooperativa,32−35, 40, 42, 44, 45Ethnographic methods,xviii, 67, 75FFarabundo Martí Liberation Front (El Salvador),50, 52, 54, 60, 63Financing.35, 91−93, 97, 98, 103, 107, 111, 124, 126. See alsoResourcesForeign language,xvii, 121, 131−133, 138−140GGlobalization,xvii, 147Glocal,147Grassroots,ix, x, xvii, 16, 23, 26−28, 31, 33−36, 40−45, 97, 100−110, 146, 156HHIV/AIDS,83, 84, 104, 108Horizontalism,33, 42Hungary,xviii, 1, 7, 65−82IIlliteracy,17, 101Inclusion,ix, 4, 27, 71, 86−88, 93, 107Inequality/inequity,5, 7, 12, 16, 21, 31−34, 88, 40, 41, 76, 79, 80, 81, 88, 89, 98, 102, 111, 118, 127, 139International non-governmental organizations (INGOs),83, 91−93KKirchner government (Argentina),35, 43, 44, 46LLanguage immersion,121Leadership/leaders,xviii, 2, 12−15, 17, 19, 20, 22−27, 40, 42, 43, 59, 85, 86, 88−91, 108, 147LGBTQ,147MMandarin,129, 132−134, 136−140Menem government (Argentina),38Minorities,1, 71, 75, 123, 130, 131, 140, 148Minority education,65−81, 129Minority Rights,71, 111Mother tongue,129, 133, 137Missionary schoolsNNeoliberalism,ix, x, xvii, 18, 36, 44, 92, 145, 146, 150Non-governmental organizations (NGOs),105, 147Save the Children,98Non-profit organization(s),119OOppression,xi, 63, 76, 88, 90, 145, 152Opportunity structures,31PParticipatory governance,12, 15−18, 26−28Patriarchy,145, 146Policy making,3, 4, 35, 39, 41, 85, 92Politics,xvii, xviii, 3−5, 8, 12, 14, 18, 20, 41, 42, 44, 46, 47, 67, 83−85, 91−93, 122, 145, 146, 150−154Primary schools,74, 75, 77, 97−99, 101, 103, 104Privatization,ix, x, 4, 7, 37−42, 49, 85, 92, 93, 104, 111, 117, 133Protest,6, 23, 25, 27, 31−45, 65, 66, 147, 152Public education.See Public SchoolsPublic schools,xi, 6, 8, 11, 14−17, 19−24, 27−29, 38−40, 45, 51, 53, 56, 57, 60, 76, 86, 89, 91, 115−121, 123, 125, 126, 129, 135, 139, 140Public sector/private sector,1, 39, 43, 83, 92, 115, 129, 139, 140RRacism,73, 87Resources,ix, x, 5, 8, 16, 20, 21, 37, 48, 52, 54, 55, 57, 59, 60, 65, 71, 72, 74, 75, 77, 78, 84, 88, 90−93, 101, 102, 105−107, 109−111, 122, 125, 134, 138, 145. See alsoFinancingRhodesia,100Roma/‘gypsy’,xviii, 7, 66, 67, 70−82Rural schools,17, 21, 75, 104SSchool choice,117, 126School of Feminism,145−156Segregation,5, 7, 8, 37, 66, 70, 72−75, 80, 84, 130, 141Social movements,x, xi, xvii, xviii, 6, 11−28, 31, 33−36, 38, 42−44Soviet/Sovietism,66−69, 71, 82Spanish,51, 115Structural adjustment,37, 97, 100, 103, 110, 113Sub-Saharan Africa,99TTanzania,1, 8, 83−93Teachers,1, 2, 4, 7, 11−15, 18−27, 33, 34, 37−39, 41, 42, 47−49, 51, 52, 54−60, 65, 67, 68, 70, 72, 76, 78−80, 82, 84−90, 93, 97, 98, 101−103, 105−111, 117, 119, 121, 125, 129, 130, 134−138, 140, 155Teacher training,14, 15, 20−23, 26, 35, 85, 103, 106Teaching profession,29, 84, 85Technocratic governance,48TOEFL,133UUNESCO,xix, 17, 18UNICEF,17, 18, 49, 104−106United National Independence Party (UNIP),101United States,ix–xi, 1, 8, 49, 82, 115−127US Agency for International Development,49, 107Uyghur,8, 129−141, 143VVendor Operated Schools (VOS),119Village schools,66, 74−80, 90, 101. See alsoBush schoolsViolence,35, 39, 69, 81, 86, 87, 148, 154WWomen’s movement,146−148World Bank,x, 7, 17, 37, 49, 50, 52, 56, 58, 63, 92, 97, 102, 109YYouth,xvii, xviii, 7, 12−14, 17, 19, 21, 27, 37, 66, 71, 74−79, 150, 156ZZambia,xvii, 1, 7, 97−105, 107, 109−111