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General IndexAchna48, 68Acropolis (Athens)207, 212, 218actor19, 35, 53, 93, 94, 96, 99, 125–126, 272, 277, 278, 279, 331, 332comic actor; mask (theatrical); theatreAdonis126, 226, 231adornment223–224, 268diadem; hair dress; headdress; necklace; tiara; veil/veiled figurinesadults112, 122, 207, 211, 218, 219, 335, 338, 340aediculae (domestic shrines)37, 81context, domestic; house; shrineAegean islands360Aegina230, 231Afghanistan360Africa/North Africa2, 88, 98, 217, 321, 329–340, 342–355, 376Africa Proconsularis329–340African, figurine of an24, 35, 281, 281 n.3, 282, 366–367NubiansAfricans332, 366–367afterlife124, 125, 126, 127, 128agency353–355agoraof Amathous234of Arsinoe99of Athens121, 211, 246of Metapontian293of Seleucia395Agorakritos92Ahiram sarcophagus410Ake360, 368Akko373, 375, 376, 377Akraiphia224alabastron267, 268Alassa16Alexander (the Great)71, 94, 95, 96, 367, 368sarcophagus379Alexandria, Egypt16, 35, 74, 83, 109–110, 121, 122, 127, 128, 156, 157, 228, 280, 359, 360, 362, 363, 364, 366, 367, 375, 378, 395EgyptAlexandrian (coroplastic art)84, 106, 114, 124, 359–369, 375Egyptianising character/influence; Tyche of Alexandria; workshops, Egyptian/AlexandrianAmargetti154–156, 160Amarynthos203–212Amathous8, 13, 44, 46, 47, 48–49, 51, 94, 101–110, 112, 121, 124, 126, 127, 128, 131, 132, 136, 142, 143, 153, 155, 156–157, 158, 175, 234, 372, 373, 376–379acropolis of101, 102, 104, 110, 121–123, 126, 144, 171, 175deposit MX 318101–104, 106, 108, 109, 110, 121–123Eastern Necropolis112–128, 173–174palace of101, 104–106, 108, 109, 110, 175sanctuary/ies of8, 101, 104, 106–108, 110, 121, 126, 144, 171, 234tunnel (subterranean cult place)121, 123, 125, 126, 142, 234Aphrodite, sanctuary at AmathousAmazon with her horse11Amor/Amores331, 334, 336, 338, 340Venus with an Amoramulet110, 114, 344, 345, 348, 350, 408Anafa (Tel)373, 374, 379Anafe360androgynous126animal(s)28, 30, 34, 35–36, 37, 79–80, 167–171, 175, 176, 210, 211, 247, 330, 332, 347, 362–363bone276, 344, 345figurines28, 29, 30, 34, 35–36, 92, 150–151, 153, 154, 186, 187, 330, 332, 395–398, 405sacred animals; zoomorphic figurines; zoomorphic masker statuettesAntioch16, 383, 395Anubis114, 337Aphrodite2, 13–16, 17, 18, 28, 30, 32, 33–34, 36, 38, 47–48, 56, 62, 63–67, 69, 72, 74, 79, 81, 94, 98, 101–110, 118, 120, 121–123, 125–126, 133, 142–143, 153, 156–158, 160, 175, 176, 210, 232–233, 234, 248, 251–257, 259–269, 272, 275, 277, 281, 284, 376, 380, 386, 397Anadyomene47, 106, 109Ariadne104, 109, 110at her toilet (Toilet of Venus)16birth of259–269fastening her strophion 13–16, 24, 31sanctuary at Amathous74, 101–110, 121, 142, 144, 171sanctuary at Soloi46with Eros16, 17, 18, 30, 33, 34, 47, 74, 79, 94–95, 101–110, 231, 248Astarte; Eros; Erotes; Isis AphroditeApis38, 362, 373, 374Apollo74, 79, 81–82, 84–86, 126, 155, 156, 158, 212, 237, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 336, 339, 386, 390Hylates, sanctuary at Kourion45, 150, 154, 156, 160, 171, 174kitharodos74, 75, 81, 123sanctuary at Amargetti154–155sanctuary at Pyla-Vikla158Apollonia Pontica231, 232Apostolina196, 197, 200appliqué (technique)31, 32, 308, 310, 312, 313Apuleius336Arados368Arcadia82, 165–177Archaic2, 44, 49, 62, 71, 82, 84, 88, 89, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 144, 146, 149, 150, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 165, 175, 176, 180, 203, 207, 211, 215, 220, 247, 248, 251, 252, 253, 257, 262, 312, 314, 360archetype109, 362architectural decoration360, 368, 398Argos110, 210, 210 n3Ariadne231, 281, 282Aphrodite-Ariadnearmy368, 390Arsinoe (city)71–86, 88–99, 146–149MarionArsinoe II (Philadelphos)2, 71, 88, 109, 146Arsinoe III109, 110Arsos44, 46, 109, 132, 153Artemis46, 47, 48, 79, 81, 82, 84, 101, 126, 136, 142–143, 158, 165, 168, 171, 203, 211–212, 218, 226, 229, 233, 234, 251–257, 259–260, 261, 267, 269, 272, 295, 300, 301, 302, 336Amarysia, sanctuary at Amarynthos203–212dadophoros 74, 77, 79, 142holding a stag (or deer)45, 48, 56, 229Hymnia82Kynegetis79, 80Paralia, sanctuary at Kition44, 45, 48–49, 53, 60–69sanctuaries234, 251–257, 259–261sanctuary at Brauron212, 218initiation; Kore-Persephone; puberty; rites of passageArtemision211, 253, 254, 255, 257, 259, 260articulated/movable limbs215, 217, 219, 220, 221Asia Minor1, 2, 19, 35, 74, 88, 104, 120, 124, 160, 189, 200, 209, 210, 217, 226, 228, 229, 254, 360, 373, 375, 376, 378, 395, 397Asklepieion 275, 277, 282, 283assimilation251, 368Astarte30, 62–63, 68, 69, 94, 95, 104, 125, 153, 158, 376, 388, 390, 409astragaloi 122Atargatis376, 380, 393atef crown359Athena143, 165, 176, 207, 210, 224, 231–232, 266–267Athens30, 55, 60, 66, 79, 81, 92, 94, 95, 96, 98, 99, 121, 204, 205, 207, 208, 209, 212, 217, 224, 231, 234, 248, 284, 364, 367, 376Acropolis (Athens); agora; Praxiteles of AthensAthienou-Malloura48, 171, 173Attic52, 68, 69, 150, 228, 232, 233, 247, 256, 268, 380Attica69, 210, 211, 212, 217, 226, 360Attis101, 126, 330, 331, 337, 338, 340, 387attribute(s)7, 8, 12, 15, 24, 47, 63, 125, 142, 143, 168, 211, 223, 229, 238, 251–257, 259–269, 362, 376, 379, 392Augustine, Saint336Ayia Irini144, 173Ayios Iacovos-Dhima144Ayios Philemon73banqueter(s)146–148, 252, 295–298, 301–302male figurine, recliningbase13, 15, 16, 24, 32, 33–34, 66, 73, 74, 79, 82, 104, 106, 112, 114, 117, 118, 123, 132, 133, 136, 154, 156, 160, 261, 295, 300, 313, 315, 350, 352, 362, 386, 400, 405bath(s)9, 11, 12, 16, 38, 142, 249, 260, 267–268, 274, 315, 334, 338bathing47, 142, 267Nuptial bath/nymphikon loutronBaubo2, 362, 364, 371, 373, 375, 380Beersheba68, 372–373Begram360Beirut360, 368Bendis300Benghazi52, 53Berenice II109Bes154, 329, 330, 331, 332, 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 344, 345, 359, 362, 364, 373, 380bibelots 408birth of Aphrodite:Aphroditebody13, 15, 16, 18, 31, 32, 34, 47, 48, 50, 52, 53, 56, 74–75, 79, 104, 105–106, 108–109, 112, 118, 122, 123, 124, 127, 133, 136, 152, 154, 157, 187, 191, 195, 203–204, 207, 224, 238, 247, 256, 259, 260, 261–262, 265–269, 276, 278, 315, 316, 322, 324, 348, 351, 362, 364, 386, 387, 390, 391, 398–399Boeotia51, 79, 96, 204, 205, 208, 210, 210 n.3, 224, 226, 230, 231, 237–249, 360, 367Boeotian53, 237–249, 407Bothros 88, 98, 133, 173Botrys368boy, seated49, 52–53, 125, 159–160, 203–204, 209–211bread stamp349, 352, 408breast(s)48, 63, 94, 95, 101, 102, 104, 105, 106, 107, 109, 114, 122, 142, 155, 158, 176, 233, 256, 260, 336, 359, 362, 364, 405Aphrodite fastening her strophionbride(s)2, 218, 231, 233–234, 251–257, 259, 260, 268nymphe/nymphaibronze/metal figurine/statue13, 14, 15, 165–166, 176, 183, 226, 229, 237, 246, 365–366, 368, 373, 397tin foilBronze Age1, 143–144, 146, 153, 200bull masker figurines171–175, 176zoomorphic masker statuettesbulla 363bull-deity362burial(s)1, 7, 8, 46, 114, 124–127, 144–145, 150, 153, 215, 267, 289, 290, 301, 321, 324, 329–340, 360, 379, 400, 402–411child/children’s burials; context, funerary; funerary; grave(s); necropolis/necropoleis; offerings; rites; tomb(s)Byblos16, 368Byzantine73, 274, 406, 407, 409, 411cemetery402–411camel(s)154, 405, 407captive(s)360Capua49, 310caricatures19, 35, 187, 210, 316ceramic fabric2, 25–31, 44, 47, 68, 96, 101, 123, 149, 301–302, 359, 360–362, 388petrographic analysisChaironeia246, 247chamber359chamber, burial/tomb112, 149, 150, 400, 407, 409chariot23–24, 229, 359, 383charioteer (chariot rider)33, 34, 35, 94horse; horse-and-rider; Persian Riderchild/children11, 15, 36, 47, 52–53, 56, 74, 93–94, 96, 99, 101–111, 120, 122, 124, 150, 152, 153, 154, 183, 203–212, 218, 232, 233, 234, 252, 256–257, 268, 272, 295, 296, 297, 298, 310, 329–340, 343, 344, 345, 347, 354, 355, 362, 363–364, 375, 377–378, 379, 383, 387, 391–392, 395, 398, 400, 408child/children’s burials46, 127, 150, 153, 218, 267, 329–340, 409childbirth79, 104, 153, 211, 212, 268, 269chiton34, 48, 56, 63, 74, 79, 83, 92, 95, 105, 106, 107, 108, 114, 118, 122, 133, 136, 142, 168, 204, 215, 256, 310, 362chitoniskos 300chlamys364choes, Attic52Christian106, 354, 403, 406, 407, 408, 409, 410chronology2, 8, 12, 13, 24, 28, 44, 132, 171, 180, 186, 189, 246–247, 259, 272–284, 291, 406–407chthonic124, 125, 142Chytroi46cistern79, 126, 274, 276, 280civilisation171, 175, 369Classical1, 2, 36, 44, 45, 46, 48, 51, 60, 62, 68, 69, 71, 73, 74, 81, 82, 84, 88, 89, 92, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 106, 109, 114, 124, 126, 146, 148, 149, 150, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 160, 171, 176, 180, 209, 215, 234, 237 n.1, 248, 249, 274, 395Cleopatra II110Cleopatra III110coast68, 88, 124, 131, 155, 211, 278, 289, 332, 339, 360, 361, 362, 368, 371, 372, 373, 377, 380Coele Syria 360, 371–380coexistence180, 368coiffure53, 118, 156, 157, 277, 281, 282, 362hair; hairdo; hairstylecoin68, 112 n.1, 114, 124, 127, 143, 226, 275, 277, 321, 322, 349, 351, 359, 368, 376, 383, 408collar363colour (decoration)3, 16, 20, 24, 33–34, 47, 51, 55, 96–97, 99, 102, 114, 116, 120, 123–124, 127, 133, 149, 150, 191–200, 203, 207, 212, 219, 224, 238, 248, 278, 312–313, 315, 321, 342, 344, 345, 386, 388, 397–398, 403, 405, 406, 407, 408, 409, 410–411ochre; pigment; polychromy; tin foilcomic actor94, 96actor; mask (theatrical); theatrecomic mask heads46communication theory215, 218–221compromise368connection62, 68, 84, 124, 125, 144, 145, 146, 154, 165, 171, 175, 203, 218, 278, 280, 283, 322, 353, 359, 360, 383, 409connectivity176, 368conquest367, 368Constantine, Rome, Palazzo dei Conservatori, colossal head55context, domestic1, 2, 3, 7–38, 46, 47, 81, 91–92, 94, 96, 97, 125–126, 156, 158, 160, 215–221, 224–225, 272–274, 289–302, 305–314, 315, 317, 319, 322, 342, 342–355, 360, 377, 388, 389, 392, 393aediculae (domestic shrines); cult, domestic/household; farmhouse; housecontext, funerary1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 35, 47, 112–128, 156, 158, 215–221, 224–225, 247–248, 315, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321–324, 329–340, 360, 402–411burial(s); funerary; grave(s); necropolis/necropoleis; offerings; tomb(s)context, sacred (religious/ritual)1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 13, 35, 44–57, 60–69, 71–86, 88–99, 106, 124, 125, 153, 156, 158, 160, 165–177, 189, 191, 203–212, 215–221, 224–225, 272–274, 289–302, 305–314, 313, 319, 322, 329–340, 359, 360, 368, 389, 400–401, 409cult(s); offerings; ritual deposit; sanctuary/sanctuaries; shrine(s); votive deposit; votive terracottascontextualisation2, 12–13, 38, 180, 186, 252, 259, 275Corinth217, 218, 226, 228, 229, 231, 246, 261, 272, 280, 283–284, 364cornucopia18, 34, 298–299, 363–365, 409coroplastic1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 24, 35, 36, 44, 45, 46, 49, 88, 96, 98, 99, 101, 102, 104, 112, 114, 121, 122, 123, 124, 126, 127, 128, 133, 146, 165, 186, 203, 204, 232, 237, 246, 247, 248, 249, 252, 257, 259, 261, 267, 275, 277, 278, 280, 284, 305–314, 359 n.1, 372, 373, 392, 395, 397, 398, 400coroplastic production24–34, 46, 68–69, 88, 89, 96–99, 122, 124, 126, 127, 128, 180–200, 207–209, 210, 246, 272, 275, 281, 283, 284, 289–302, 310, 312, 342, 359, 360, 371, 395, 398kiln; manufacture; moulds; production; raw materials; workshop(s)coroplasts3, 24, 30, 98, 99, 123, 154, 175, 183, 189, 246, 290, 297, 298, 301, 368, 372, 397, 398cosmetic palettes408cosmetics (make up)265–266, 405courtyard11, 37, 68, 79, 89, 91, 218, 346, 359Cozzo Presepe299craftsmanship96, 182, 361cremation127, 335, 339Crete94cross-torch291–295, 298, 300, 301, 302crotch362Crucinia295cubicula 11, 38cult(s)35, 36, 47, 62, 63, 66, 69, 71, 72, 74, 79, 81–86, 92, 94, 101, 110, 121, 123, 124, 126, 143, 144, 153, 154, 165–177, 189, 203, 215, 218, 226, 228–229, 234, 248, 251, 310, 312, 329, 364, 368–369, 375, 376–380, 393domestic/household18, 36–38, 81, 92, 322of the dead123rural177(domestic shrines); context, sacred; Dionysos, cult of; religion; rites; sacred; sanctuary/sanctuaries; shrine(s)cult attendant364cult images177cultic18, 35, 60, 62, 69, 71, 72, 79, 81, 82, 112, 145, 168, 368, 376, 400cultural diffusion407Cybele92–93, 96, 99, 226, 228–229, 234, 272, 331, 337, 340, 376–377, 380Cypro-Archaic88, 104, 112, 114, 125, 171, 173, 174, 175, 176, 371Cypro-Classical88, 132, 143, 144, 146, 171Cypro-Phoenician176Cyprus Exploration Fund (CEF)146, 149, 154, 156Cyrenaica52–53, 104, 154, 209, 210, 210 n.3, 217, 365Cyrene145, 217, 233–234Damophon cult statue group166–170dancer/dancing figures2, 82–84, 101, 122, 165–166, 168–169, 171, 175, 212, 226–234, 248, 298–300, 302, 364–366, 376–377, 409–410database12, 186, 342 n.2, 345–347, 350–353, 359, 360De civitate Dei 336dea Tyria gravida (or dea gravida)94, 153deer19, 22, 30, 33, 36, 37, 45, 48Artemis holding a stag; stagdeity/deities13, 30, 36, 37, 46, 47, 48, 62, 63, 71, 74, 79, 81, 82, 83, 94, 95, 84, 86, 101, 110, 122, 124, 125, 142, 143, 154, 158, 165, 167, 168, 171, 173, 175, 176, 210, 211, 218, 226, 229, 232, 233, 234, 248, 251, 253, 290, 310, 312, 315, 321, 329, 332, 336, 337, 339, 340, 359, 362, 368, 373, 376, 378, 379, 380visiting godsDelos19, 35, 106, 142, 360, 362, 364, 367, 368, 373–375, 376Demeter45, 47, 53, 62, 68, 81, 124, 125, 142, 143, 145, 154, 168, 171, 218, 226, 229, 231, 232, 234, 251, 261, 291–293and Kore, sanctuary at Corinth214, 226, 261and Persephone, sanctuary at Cyrene145sanctuary at Poseidonia53Despoina, sanctuary at Lykosoura165–171, 177diadem16, 47, 102, 187, 265adornment; hair dress; headdress; tiara; veil/veiled figurinesDiadochoi 96diaspora362digital humanities1, 3, 38digitisation3Diodorus Siculus88, 149Dionysiac (characteristics, imagery, world)121, 125–126, 274–275Dionysos16, 19, 30, 31, 33, 36, 120–121, 122, 124–126, 210, 226, 231, 248, 272, 281, 386, 391–392cult of125–126, 226, 274House of DionysosDioscuri74, 78, 79, 101, 378, 379–380Diphilos94, 275, 277diptych/diptychon52, 53, 125, 203–212, 379documentary papyri360dog(s)16, 19–20, 22, 24, 28, 30, 31, 34, 35–36, 38, 154, 169, 171, 238, 332, 337, 362–363doll(s)122, 187, 212, 216–221, 277, 344–346, 348, 405–406, 408, 409dolphin(s)334, 404–405domestic:,context, domesticcult, domestic/household; farmhouse; houseDor (Tel)371, 372, 373, 376, 377Doros368dove45, 104, 153, 253, 262, 330, 332, 333dromos112, 148, 150drum390–391drum player359Dura Europos47, 393dumps/rubbish104, 289, 305, 329, 342, 344, 353, 383dwarf362Dyrrhachion260, 261, 269Epidamnos-Dyrrhachioneconomy146, 359Egypt19, 35, 36, 37, 47, 50, 71, 88, 104, 109–110, 142, 154, 156, 157, 160, 209, 210, 210 n.3, 220, 231, 342, 347, 354, 355, 360, 362, 363, 365, 367, 372, 373, 376, 378, 379, 380, 395, 402, 405, 406, 307Alexandria, EgyptEgyptian114, 123, 143, 272, 337, 342, 363, 366, 367–369, 372, 373, 380, 407, 408Egyptian blue196–197, 198, 200, 398Egyptianising character/influence16, 18, 19, 35, 359–369, 373–376, 407Alexandrian (coroplastic art)El Kenissia329, 330Eleusis231, 365elite(s)35, 84, 175, 177, 368, 369, 388Eloro, Sicily, Santuario nuovo45Enkomi53, 144entertainment367ephebes204, 210, 212, 248–249Epidamnos-Dyrrhachion251–254, 257Episkopi131, 174Eretria203–212, 231, 257Amarynthos203, 204ErimiBamboula131–145Kafkalla144Pitharka144Eros15, 16, 17, 18, 30, 33, 34, 37, 47, 74, 76, 79, 94, 95, 101–110, 123, 124, 126, 154, 159–160, 210, 231, 255–257, 261–266, 267, 268, 272, 275–276, 280–281, 284, 308, 310, 372, 379, 387holding a lowered torch16, 24, 28, 110Aphrodite with ErosErotes47, 104, 120, 126, 154, 160, 248, 265, 267, 280, 383Ethiopia360Ethiopians366ethnic name360Etruria369Euandria, relief of55Euboea203–213, 231Eucharistic403Eutresis231, 246, 247, 365experimental work25, 30ex-votos104, 106, 110, 310, 312eyes19, 49, 54, 55, 120, 152–153, 199, 200, 223, 226, 277, 281, 282–283, 316, 322, 343, 364, 386, 387, 390, 405, 409–410fabric:ceramic fabricfabric (clothing)106, 107, 109, 223–224, 228, 231, 233face16, 19, 30, 33, 35, 49–50, 51, 68, 74, 79, 96, 101, 114, 126, 136, 146, 150, 152, 153, 154, 155, 160, 187, 196, 199, 203–204, 207, 210, 223–224, 226, 228–229, 233–234, 237, 238, 265, 281, 282, 284, 310, 315, 316, 319, 362, 364, 379, 383, 387, 390, 391–392, 405, 406, 410farmhouse289, 291, 294, 297, 299–300Favale294, 295, 298, 300, 301favissa 104, 152, 359, 362, 364, 371–373, 377Fayum342female figurine, reclining18, 399, 398–401female figurine, pregnant48–49, 153, 359pregnant womanfertility62, 71, 78, 81, 83–84, 223, 233, 234, 261, 268, 347, 355, 369, 391, 409deity/goddess47, 69, 81, 84, 94, 98, 153, 233, 336, 409festival211–212, 233, 364fish154, 404–405, 406, 409fish bone195, 199fishing223frog332funeraryfunerary portraits47, 54–56, 324funerary practices124–128, 148, 247–248, 324, 329–340, 371, 402–411burial(s); context, funerary; grave(s); necropolis/necropoleis; offerings; rites; tomb(s)Garigliano River312garment15, 56, 95, 97, 101, 104, 105, 106, 109, 154, 156, 158, 167, 168, 175, 211, 224, 233, 260, 261, 262, 265, 343, 362, 366gate101, 383, 388Genetrix336genius315, 322–324Genius Terrae Africae 337, 340Geometric180, 203, 247geometric (plaster figurines)402, 403–405gesture13, 16, 63, 95, 108. 114, 118, 122, 153, 155, 204, 224, 231, 234, 251, 256, 257, 259, 329, 334, 336, 338, 364ritual gesturegingerbread-man type342–343girl, seated52–53, 204, 209, 339glass91, 99, 196, 200, 203, 322, 344, 345, 346, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352, 359, 360, 403, 405–406, 407, 410goddess with uplifted arms94, 95Golgoi44, 105, 106, 108–109, 149, 171, 172, 175Agios Photios53goose332, 364, 365grapes16, 121, 124, 126, 298, 338grave(s)51–52, 54, 56, 127, 173, 215, 218, 246–248, 253, 259, 260, 261, 267–268, 275, 276–280, 321, 323, 329–340, 392burial(s); context, funerary; funerary; necropolis/necropoleis; offerings; rites; tomb(s)Greek islands95, 217Greek (language)368grotesque figurine/grotesques19, 21, 33, 35, 53, 160, 171, 187, 248, 272, 275, 281, 322, 331, 332, 367, 373, 380, 395guild-seat315, 322Gurza337, 339gymnasium212gyne223–234, 257, 269habits44–57, 69, 203, 229, 368Haditha 402, 410Hadra127Hadrumetum (Sousse)332, 334–335, 337, 338, 339, 340hair13, 16, 33, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 54, 55, 56, 83, 91, 96, 101, 102, 105, 108, 109, 110, 114, 118, 120, 123, 136, 142, 148, 149, 152, 155, 156, 158, 159, 160, 192, 193, 199, 200, 204, 207, 211, 218, 226, 229, 230, 231, 233, 237, 238, 246, 254, 256, 266, 267, 310, 316, 343, 347, 364, 366, 387, 405, 409, 410hair dress46, 53diadem; headdress; tiara; veil/veiled figurineshairdo92, 158hairstyle51–52, 96, 106, 109, 114, 124, 187, 231, 233, 238, 254, 283–284, 308, 310, 311, 319, 320, 386coiffureHalai240, 241, 243, 246–248, 365hand15, 16, 19, 30, 33, 34, 47, 48, 52, 56, 63, 74, 79, 82, 92, 94, 95, 101, 105, 106, 109, 114, 118, 120, 122, 123, 126, 133, 136, 142, 155, 156, 158, 168, 175, 176, 203, 204, 207, 209, 210, 224, 229, 231, 256, 261, 262, 265, 268, 291, 294, 295, 298, 300, 308, 312, 315, 316, 322, 339, 362, 363, 364, 390–391, 410handmade (hand-modelled)50, 82, 148, 150, 153, 154, 183, 312, 342, 383, 386, 390, 342, 359, 397harbour70, 315–324, 360Harpies277, 282Harpocrates15, 35, 37, 154, 362–365, 373Hathoric iconography362Hauran405headdress52, 63, 92, 96, 229–231, 238, 253–254, 373, 398diadem; hair dress; tiara; veil/veiled figurineshealing215, 218, 369hegemon therapon120Hegeso and Kalliston, Athens, stele54Hekate142, 143Hellenisation38, 368Henchir el-Hami339Hera49, 143Herakleia267, 294, 298, 300Herakles47, 49–50, 224, 272, 281, 386, 392, 397Epitrapezios94, 397fighting the Lion of Nemea11holding a club50strangling the snakes49herm120–121, 122, 125, 300Hermes16, 37, 210, 231, 237, 248Hesiod259, 265, 266himation63, 66, 79, 92, 95, 97, 106, 114, 118, 124, 133, 136, 204, 207, 228, 256, 261, 310, 362, 364hinterland73, 154, 359, 360, 361Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite268horse11, 94, 95, 150, 151, 152, 153–154, 169, 171, 187, 210, 247, 295, 296, 297, 331, 332, 336, 347, 359, 364–365, 379, 380, 386, 387, 390, 391, 398horse-and-rider30, 94, 150–152, 153–154, 156, 160, 359, 372, 379, 380, 383, 384, 387–389, 390, 392, 393, 398, 400charioteer (chariot rider); Persian riderHorus114house1, 8, 9, 11, 15, 18, 34, 35–38, 79, 81, 99, 131, 132, 180, 189, 191, 199, 215, 274, 275, 289, 299, 314, 324, 344–346, 347, 348–349, 354, 355, 360, 383, 388, 392, 395, 400, 407context, domestic; cult, domestic/household; farmhouseHouse of Dionysos9–10, 14–15, 16, 19–20, 31, 35, 36, 38House of Marcus Fabius Rufus305–314House of Orpheus7–38, 46human representations330, 331, 340Humayma405, 408–409hybridisation362hydria/hydriae47, 50, 114, 127, 210, 231, 232, 255, 268hydrophoroi 47, 50–51, 126, 247, 377Hymnia 82hypocaust11, 12iconography1, 2, 8, 12, 13, 15, 16, 18, 24, 33, 34–37, 44, 47, 60, 62, 63–66, 68, 71, 74, 79, 82, 83–84, 92, 109, 112, 124, 126, 133, 143, 146–160, 165, 167, 176, 177, 209, 216, 219, 246, 251, 252, 254, 255, 256, 257, 260, 261, 267, 315, 322, 345, 348, 353, 359, 362, 363–364, 368, 376, 380, 388, 395, 398Idalion44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 50, 53, 105, 106–107, 109idol(s)132Idumaean372, 373Ilion (Troy):Troy (Ilion)immigrants60, 376imperial ideologies37indigenous165, 361–362, 368, 383Indus River360infant(s)153, 267, 268, 295, 308, 310, 312, 373infantes 339, 340influence3, 38, 71, 81, 82, 83, 84, 94, 101, 106, 109–110, 121, 124, 126, 128, 146, 160, 175, 176, 180, 189, 209, 215, 217, 237, 248, 249, 280, 329, 337, 359, 360, 367, 368, 371, 372, 373, 375, 376, 383, 395–401, 402, 407inhumation321, 322initiation125, 211, 212, 232, 233–234, 260inland155, 289, 360, 371, 372, 380inscription12, 13, 14–15, 16, 24, 37, 47, 62, 66, 72, 81, 110, 149, 154–155, 211, 228, 229, 233–234, 248, 251, 253, 267, 274, 330, 331, 332, 333, 336, 360, 368, 373, 379Insula Occidentalis 305, 314intaglio31, 229interaction(s)38, 189, 362, 367, 398intercultural dialogue400interdisciplinary approaches2–3intramural400Ioppe368Iron Age68, 165, 172, 175, 390, 393, 402Isiac characteristics16figure(s)374knot362, 364, 366Isis18, 35, 36, 37, 48–49, 79, 83–84, 101, 110, 126, 143, 156–157, 228, 362, 364, 373lactans104, 362, 363, 373“Isis Aphrodite”126, 373–374Islamic402Isola Sacra necropolis318ivy (leaves, crown, plant)104, 110, 114, 123, 125, 126Jebel Khalid37, 383–393jewellery12, 15, 54, 63, 106, 146, 152, 153, 207, 219, 224, 231, 233, 256, 266, 268necklacejewel(s)187, 262, 265, 268Jewish407, 408Jews360, 371, 380, 408Jordan402–411Jordan Valley405Judea360, 373Juret al-Khawatim359Kabirion (Kabiroi sanctuary)53, 237 n.1, 242, 244, 245, 246, 247, 248Kabiroi248kalathos 52, 53, 63, 64Karanis342–355, 406, 407, 408, 409kausia 375, 376, 379, 387Kazaphani55Kerameikos81, 246Kharayeb74, 83, 210, 359–369, 372, 373, 375, 377, 378, 379Khirbet es-Samrā402–411kiln11, 30, 32, 91, 96, 97, 99, 180, 181, 182, 183, 246, 289–291, 294, 302Kition44, 45, 48, 53, 60, 62, 68, 69, 82, 133, 143, 156, 372, 373Bamboula45Batsalos44Kathari175Artemis Paralia, sanctuary at Kition; Larnacakline18, 56, 275, 295, 297kneeling woman142, 259–269Knidos51knucklebone (game, player)118–119, 122koine35, 38, 44, 69, 121, 124, 128, 146, 371–380, 383Levantine koineKopienkritik 237kore/korai104, 132, 233, 252, 253, 262, 266, 359Kore (Demeter and)68, 81, 226, 232Demeter and Kore, sanctuary at CorinthKore-Persephone251KoukliaSkales144Palaepaphos154Kourion19, 24, 30, 38, 46, 47, 74, 83, 97, 131, 143, 159, 372, 377, 380, 383, 384, 387, 390Apollo Hylates, sanctuary at Kourionkourotrophos 101, 211–212, 310kourotrophos/kourotrophoi figurines101–110, 150, 152–153, 158, 377–378Kyme226Kyrenia47, 83Kythrea45, 47Lagids359lamenting410mourninglamps37, 79, 91, 99, 114, 153, 181, 189, 203, 322, 348, 349, 350, 355Larnaca45, 49, 53, 60–69, 104, 153, 154, 157, 158, 372KitionLebanon74, 210, 364KharayebLébbadé407Lebes gamikos256, 267Ledroi30Lefkoniko44leg15, 16, 18, 33, 47, 48, 50, 56, 79, 105, 106, 114, 118, 133, 136, 142, 150, 156, 158, 187, 203, 228, 238, 256, 261, 297, 343, 351, 362, 386, 390, 405, 409legend175–176, 368lekanis233lekythos/lekythoi126, 210, 231, 232, 238, 256, 257, 305Leptiminus (Lamta)334, 335, 337Levantine koine 371–380levigation of clay96, 97limestone sculpture11, 37, 44–57, 74, 83, 101–110, 146, 148, 149, 153, 154, 155, 156, 159, 160, 171, 172, 175, 342, 344, 405Limnitis54Lindos142lion/lioness91–92, 229, 300, 337Herakles fighting the Lion of NemeaLipari19lips19, 123, 200, 281, 322, 343, 366Livadeia224, 231Locri254Locris267, 365louterion 267, 305, 307loutrophoros/loutrophoroi 256, 268Lucania254, 290, 294, 300, 301Lusoi165lycanthropy165Lykios81Lykosoura165–170, 171, 176–177Lysippos94Macedonia189, 253, 360, 365Macedonian189, 199, 375, 379, 387Macedonians247maenads122, 169, 171magic37, 342, 346–347male figurine, reclining/reclining banqueter47, 53, 56, 146, 292, 293, 295–298, 301, 302, 363Maltese spitz (or terrier type)19, 22, 38, 362–363mantle16, 47, 48, 52, 56, 74, 79, 105, 155, 364dancer(s)2, 226–231, 364–366manufacture3, 11, 28, 31, 68, 79, 91, 99, 181–186, 191–200, 204, 207, 289–302, 342, 360, 369, 387–388manufacturing process/techniques24–34, 123–124, 359–369, 397–398, 407–408coroplastic production; kiln; moulds; pottery kiln; production; workshop(s)Maratheri:Polis-Maratheri; sanctuaries at Peristeries and Maratherimarble11, 13, 15, 16, 19, 44, 66, 82, 101, 106, 110, 121, 136, 142, 183, 199, 207, 237, 246, 251, 254, 257, 320, 322, 339, 344, 345, 368, 397Maresha154, 360, 361, 372–380Marica, goddess312marine168, 310, 405mariners380Marion47, 71, 105, 155, 160Arsinoe30, 71–86, 88–99, 146–149Peristeries94Arsinoe; Polis (Chrysochous)Maroni144Vournes46marriage81, 84, 153, 211, 212, 218, 232, 233–234, 252, 253, 254, 256–257, 259–269Mary409mask21, 94, 122, 125, 165–177, 226–228, 233, 247, 272, 281, 338, 379bull masker figurines; zoomorphic masker statuettes; veil/veiled figurinesmask (theatrical)18–19, 21, 33, 35, 38, 46, 53, 112, 114, 118, 120, 124, 125–126, 228, 223, 277–278, 278 n.2, 279, 281, 395actor; comic actor; comic mask headmaturity84, 212, 254, 260, 268, 391Mauretania Caesariensis329–340Mefite, goddess312Meisterforschung237Meleager380Memphis362Mercury331, 336, 337, 340Mersinaki46, 74, 81, 155Mesopotamia1, 357, 376, 380, 395–411Mesopotamian200, 372, 383, 395, 397, 398, 400, 407Metapontion289–302Metroön92Middle Comedy94Miletus109, 228, 229Milkashtart368Minoan1mirror16, 48, 109, 114, 153, 224, 231, 256, 257, 261–262, 264, 267, 268, 333, 339, 402–411Mispe-Yamim360mitra253–255Morgantina125, 142, 277mother15, 92, 101, 104, 105, 110, 124, 150, 211, 212, 223–234, 248, 252mother goddess109, 229, 336, 340, 409Mother of the Gods229, 272, 275mouldsmoulded/mould-made3, 24, 30, 74, 79, 82, 83, 95, 104, 114, 123, 148, 152, 153, 154, 156, 158, 159, 167, 182, 189–207, 289, 290, 342, 362, 366, 383, 384, 386, 387, 388, 389, 391, 392, 393, 398, 403, 407moulds and mould impressions11, 14, 16, 18, 20, 25–26, 30–32, 35–36, 47, 60, 69, 89, 91, 92, 94, 97–98, 99, 101, 118, 121, 142, 150, 152, 181–187, 189, 191, 204, 207, 208, 231, 246, 249, 274, 278, 280, 281, 284, 291, 292, 293, 295, 298, 300, 301, 302, 310, 315, 359, 360, 362, 373, 384, 387, 397mould series291–302plaster mouldsmourning148, 226, 410mouth19, 49, 53, 54, 55, 120, 231, 233, 234, 277, 281, 283, 316, 321, 322, 364, 366, 387, 405, 409, 410Munsell25, 96, 96 n.1Muses120, 122, 123music82, 83–84, 123, 171, 175, 209, 211, 275, 336, 348–349, 364, 367, 376, 377, 390musician(s)74, 82–83, 118, 123, 226, 228, 364, 377, 390–391, 398tambourine playerMycenaean1, 180, 180 n.1, 192, 199Myrina13–14, 52–53, 104, 109, 121, 122, 210, 210 n.3, 226, 229, 272, 275, 276, 277, 278, 280, 281, 284, 360, 362, 364, 395mysteries125–126, 177myth/mythology47, 49, 74, 79, 165–177, 210, 223, 232, 257, 266–267, 330–332, 336–340, 379Nabataean402, 409Nahr el-Qasimiye359, 361Nea Paphos7, 8–9, 19, 30, 66, 149, 371House of Dionysos; House of Orpheus; Villa of TheseusNear East1, 3, 98, 152, 153, 392, 395, 402, 407, 409necropolis/necropoleis62, 112–128, 146, 148, 150, 156, 157, 158, 189, 224, 231, 247, 260, 262, 267, 300, 318, 320–322, 329–340Amathous, Eastern Necropolis; Byzantine cemetery; burial(s); context, funerary; funerary; grave(s); Isola Sacra necropolis; offerings; tomb(s)necklace63, 64, 105, 107, 108, 132, 192, 199, 261, 265, 267, 343, 344jewelleryNeolithic146, 180, 402, 409Nereid riding a hippocampus308, 310, 312Nero336, 349networks3, 37, 88, 112, 302, 360, 371Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA)25–29, 387–388New Comedy94, 120, 316Nicholas Rodios, potter at Skopelos183, 186Nike122, 123, 234, 261, 268, 280non-elite144, 369nose19, 55, 120, 275, 281, 308, 312, 316, 343, 364, 366, 387, 405, 410Nubians94, 95, 366Numidia329–340Numitorius Hilarus, Rome, monument of53Nuptial bath/nymphikon loutron142, 260, 267–268Nutrix331, 336–337, 340Nymph(s)122, 215, 298–300, 302nymphe/nymphai223–234, 251–257, 259–269bride; rites of passageochre33–34, 97, 196, 199, 344, 345, 346, 398colour (decoration); pigment; tin foilOdysseus223, 231–232offering(s)44, 46, 68, 73, 81, 82, 95, 104, 107, 125, 127, 132, 143, 144, 211–212, 228, 232, 251, 257, 260, 310, 312, 329–331, 339, 344, 348, 366, 376, 377funerary offerings (burial gifts)112, 124–128, 153, 158, 189, 218, 219, 246, 247–248, 320, 321, 323–324, 329–332, 334–340, 402–411context, funeraryvotive offerings44–57, 74, 82, 88, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 104, 110, 125, 150, 158, 160, 203, 212, 219, 247–248, 253, 261, 290, 294, 295, 302, 305, 314, 348, 392votive terracottasOlynthos37, 81, 121, 217Omayyad402Orpheus charming the Beasts9Osiris126Ostia315–324pagan73, 336, 408, 409Palestine360, 368, 371, 372–373, 375, 379, 402, 405Palmyra52Pan16, 126, 165, 171, 299, 234, 248, 298–300, 302Panathenaic105Pandora266–267Pantanello297, 299, 302panther300Pantikapaion360, 364Paphos13, 14, 15, 28, 30, 38, 62, 79, 83, 127, 149, 154, 175, 176, 371, 377Nea Paphosparthenos 251, 257, 265, 266–267Parthian372, 393, 395, 397, 400paste339, 359, 361Patake 362patera308, 312–313patrix97, 99Pausanias166–169, 171, 175, 176–177, 211, 212, 224, 228, 234, 248peasant, head of a254, 282–283Pella405, 406Pergamon175, 226, 272–284, 397Perge229periskelis 13, 14Peristeries:Marion; Polis-Peristeries; sanctuaries at Peristeries and MaratheriPersephone53, 124, 125, 126, 142, 143, 145, 210Demeter and Persephone, sanctuary at Cyrene; Kore-PersephonePersia/Persian Empire152, 360Persian82, 371, 372, 379, 390, 407Persian cap (kyrbasia)379, 387, 390, 393Persian period359, 371, 380Persian rider150, 152, 383–393charioteer (chariot rider); horse; horse-and-riderpetrographic analysis24–31, 301, 302, 359, 360, 361ceramic fabricPetrovouni165, 166Peyia-Maa173Pherai180–189, 191–200phiale63, 92, 133, 142, 238, 261, 262, 268, 295, 298Phigalia165, 168, 171Phlamoudi-Vounari144Phoenicia360, 367, 368, 371, 372, 373, 375, 376, 379Phoenician62, 69, 94, 337, 359, 360, 361, 362, 368, 371, 374, 376, 378, 379, 380, 390, 407, 410Cypro-PhoenicianPhoenician (language)368phormiskos 122Photius126, 218Phrygian229, 407pig/piglet46, 47, 53, 142, 169, 171, 332pigment2, 3, 97, 99, 102, 133, 191–200, 344, 346, 398colour (decoration); ochre; polychromy; raw materials; tin foilplaque/plaquette30, 118, 125, 152, 153, 154, 156, 157–158, 160, 186, 187, 289–302, 388, 390, 397, 402–411plaster (figurines/objects)402–411, 218plaster moulds31, 274, 278mouldsPlautus259Pliny196, 237, 395Plutarch336Pluto329, 330, 331Polemon229Polis (Chrysochous)46, 52, 56, 71–86, 73, 88–99, 149Kaparka47, 56Maratheri71, 88–99, 94, 95, 98Marion/Arsinoe; sanctuaries at Peristeries and MaratheriPeristeries71, 88–99sanctuaries at Peristeries and MaratheriPetrerades89–99Sphageion52, 56polos51, 63, 84, 92, 210, 308, 310polychromy2, 3–34, 96, 97, 106, 191–200, 281, 362, 398colour (decoration); pigmentPompeii15, 37, 305–314, 315–324Popluna, goddess312portable X-ray Fluorescence (pXRF)24–30, 191–200, 408pottery9, 10, 12, 30, 32, 34, 73, 92, 104, 131, 132, 146, 149, 150, 153, 180, 180 n.1, 181, 182, 183, 186, 203, 209, 246–247, 274, 275, 276, 289, 305, 312, 344, 349, 355, 359, 371, 383, 397, 405, 407, 410pottery kiln182kiln; workshop(s)Praxiteles of Athens237–249Praxiteles’ Cnidian Aphrodite16pregnancy211, 233, 268female figurine, pregnantPre-Tanagran249Priene35, 37, 106, 226, 276, 277, 280, 360, 365, 376, 397production:coroplastic productionproduction area(s)/centres3, 182, 291, 407propaganda364protection37, 79, 175, 251, 257, 268, 336, 337, 344, 355, 369, 380, 391, 409protelia 268protome 187, 248, 251, 253–254, 281prototype20, 24, 30, 31, 35, 74, 82, 97, 121, 150, 183, 257, 291, 297, 362, 367Provincia Arabia 407Pschent364Pseudo-Scylax368Psyche122, 379Ptah-Pataikos 362Ptolemaic ruler368, 373Ptolemies124, 126, 128, 360, 371, 375, 376Ptolemy I (Soter)71, 88, 96, 98, 143, 149, 360Ptolemy II (Philadelphos)71, 88, 149, 353Ptolemy III46Ptolemy VIII (Euergetes II)110, 114, 124, 127puberty211, 268rites of passagepublic awareness11–12public engagement3, 11–12pueri 339Pupput (Hammamet)334, 335, 337, 338, 339, 340Pupput sanctuary329, 330, 333pXRF:portable X-ray FluorescencePyla48, 79, 158Pyla-Vikla157–158, 160pyxis/pyxides13, 16, 231, 255, 256, 266, 268, 408radiocarbon dating144, 402, 407raw materials24, 25, 27, 180ceramic fabric; ochre; pigment; tin foil; workshop(s)re-elaboration362, 368, 395regeneration369rejection (of waste materials)180relief bowls181religion36, 37, 82, 126, 143, 145, 165, 167, 168, 171, 176–177, 272, 337, 342, 342 n.1, 347, 353–354, 369, 408, 409context, sacred; cult(s); rites; ritual; sanctuary/sanctuariesrepertoire94, 125, 126, 247, 251, 261, 267, 359, 373, 377, 395, 398, 400replicas11–12residential94, 98, 143, 226, 272–284, 406, 408restoration11, 62, 112, 177, 281 n.3, 402, 402 n.1, 406, 411Rhitsona246–247Rhodes217, 254, 365, 376rider:charioteer (chariot rider); horse-and-rider; Persian riderrites (religious)37, 168–171, 177, 179, 302, 380funerary practicesrites of passage2, 84, 125, 203–212, 215–221, 223–234initiation; puberty; ritual(s)ritual(s)18, 37, 69, 82, 84, 125, 126, 128, 142, 143, 165–177, 187, 203, 211–212, 218–221, 229, 233–234, 248, 251, 260, 268–269, 276, 290, 305, 322, 324, 329, 335, 340, 342, 344, 349, 359, 362, 364, 368, 377, 378dances/dancer82, 84, 364, 377mantle dancer(s)gesture329, 334, 336–339gesturedeposit37, 290votive depositcontext, sacred; cult(s); funerary practices; offerings; religion; rites; sanctuary/sanctuariesrituality368Rizokarpaso47, 56Tsambres150–154Rome53, 55, 136, 175, 316, 336, 359, 395rooster45, 154, 238, 239, 242, 244, 332, 347ruler114, 368, 373, 380rural143, 144, 145, 155, 177, 289, 299, 408shrine at Kharayeb359–369cults, rural; sanctuary/sanctuaries, rural; workshop(s), ruralRussia215, 217, 365sacred73, 167, 211, 223, 226, 228, 248, 322, 329, 354animals153basket168grove71, 166inventory228landscape/place71, 72, 79, 305–314law168, 229, 233–234prostitution260road211treasury211trees94context, sacred; cult(s); offerings; religion; rites; ritual(s); sanctuary/sanctuaries; votive terracottasSacred Band247sacrum 336Sagalassos31Salamis45, 46, 48, 49, 53, 63, 68, 83, 153, 154, 156–157, 160, 173, 377, 379Toumba53Salt Lake, Larnaca60–86, 372salvation37, 125, 369, 380San Biagio294, 299, 300San Chirico Nuovo300sanctuary/sanctuaries1, 8, 35, 44–57, 60–69, 71–86, 88–99, 101–110, 121, 122, 125, 126, 142–145, 150, 153, 154–155, 156, 158, 160, 165, 171, 172, 173, 177, 189, 191, 203–212, 217–218, 219, 220, 221, 226, 228, 229, 233, 234, 251–257, 259–261, 269, 272, 274, 276, 289, 290, 291, 293–294, 295, 297, 298–299, 300, 301, 302, 312, 329–333, 337, 339–340, 359, 360rural82–84, 97, 142–143, 171, 173, 212, 254, 297, 299, 302sanctuaries at Peristeries and Maratheri71, 88–99urban83, 84, 177, 293, 300, 301further sanctuaries are listed under: Amathous; Aphrodite; Apollo; Artemis; Demeter; Despoina; Dionysos; Eloro, Sicily, Santuario nuovo; Pupput sanctuary; Thysdrus sanctuary; Zeuscontext, sacred; cult(s); religion; ritual deposit; rites; shrine(s); votive depositSant’Angelo Vecchio289–302Santa Maria D’Anglona300Sarepta368satyr47, 187, 189, 210, 237, 267, 331Satyrion294scribe(s)47, 53, 207scribe, sitting at desk53scroll52, 210togatus/togatis-curve237–238sea horse405seashell37, 259–269, 344, 345Tonna galea shells104Seleucia on the Tigris395–401Seleucid period383, 393, 400Seleucid Syria376, 383–393, 395–411SyriaSeleucids371, 380, 393, 397SEM-EDS (scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive spectrometer)191–200Serapis37, 110, 126, 329, 344, 346, 374serial production246, 255, 310, 373serpent:snakeshaft-tomb402ship owners360shoulder15, 47, 50, 52, 63, 79, 83, 101, 102, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 114, 118, 122, 123, 133, 136, 142, 210, 238, 253, 256, 262, 300, 310, 316, 364shrine(s)37, 73–79, 81, 97, 101, 199, 276, 298, 299, 322, 329, 336, 359–369, 371–373, 377, 408(domestic shrines); context, sacred; cult(s); sanctuary/sanctuaries; workshop shrineSiagu (Bir Bou Rekba)336, 337, 340Sicily45, 246, 312–313, 365Sidi el Hani337Sidon360, 368, 373Silenos125, 210, 278, 298, 299, 300Siren49, 277, 282, 283sistrum 48–49Sitifis (Sétif)332slave, head of a282–283Smyrna50, 52, 94, 200, 272, 277, 280, 281–283, 281 n.3, 282 n.4, 284, 362, 367, 395snake (serpent)13, 15, 37, 49, 187, 297, 362Herakles strangling the snakessociety34, 84, 131, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 175, 176, 223, 228, 237, 260, 267, 268, 359, 367soft youth237–249Soliman329, 330Soloi45, 46, 79, 81Cholades110Sothic dog362–363Sothis (Sirius)35, 363southern Levant371–380Coele Syriaspatial analysis37–38, 329, 339–340spectacle367Spina254spinning movement364Sr-Nd isotopes407Stackelberg group66–67, 69stag48, 56, 172, 229Artemis holding a stag; deerstamnos 232Stamouli194, 196, 197, 200stelae55, 56, 60, 112, 148, 159, 253, 262stephane 13, 96, 101, 109, 114, 118, 123, 238, 386, 391, 398stone45, 46, 56, 79, 82, 104, 112, 121, 127, 131–132, 133–134, 149, 154, 168, 171, 180, 203, 211, 289, 290, 305, 342, 347, 368, 371, 407mudstone25stone robbing11, 12limestone sculpturestrophion:Aphrodite fastening her strophionsubterranean cult place:,Amathous, tunnelSuetonius336supernatural400surmoulage 69, 360, 362Swedish Cyprus Expedition46, 71, 127, 149, 159symbolism34, 82, 125, 126, 127, 409syncretism110, 128, 368, 369, 380synnaoi theoi (temple-sharing gods)110 126Syria37, 360, 362, 376, 379, 380, 383, 384, 390, 392, 395, 402, 405, 406Coele Syria; Jebel Khalid; Seleucid Syriatambourine47, 123, 364, 390tambourine player47, 56, 364, 366musician(s)Tanagra (city)52, 60, 210 n.3, 228, 231, 246, 247, 249terracottas46, 79, 80, 81, 89, 96, 114, 122, 125, 149, 156, 157, 160, 209, 248–249, 272, 275, 280, 284, 310, 362, 371, 372Tanit329–333, 336–337, 339, 340Thysdrus sanctuaryTaranto125, 261, 262, 267, 312, 316Taras294, 298, 300, 301Tarsos53, 277, 278 n.2, 360, 362, 364, 367Taweret/Thoueris104, 110technology1, 2–3, 7 n.1, 11, 24, 25, 33, 133, 182, 199, 290, 291, 301, 302, 342, 362, 371Tegea165, 176Tel Anafa373, 374, 379Tel Dor371, 372, 373, 376, 377Tell Nimrin405temple boy figures47, 49, 52, 56, 159, 160, 371temples46, 68, 88, 92, 97, 108, 110, 166–167, 199, 211, 212, 215, 226, 228, 229, 251, 277, 293, 295, 298, 300, 310, 315, 329, 332, 342, 368, 375, 383, 393, 400templum336terracotta dolls215–221, 348, 409Thaenae (Thina)332, 335Thamugadi (Timgad)329, 330Thasos251–257theatre35, 46, 94, 125, 166, 293, 294, 295, 298, 300, 371, 400theatre mask:mask (theatrical)theatrical iconography35, 38, 53, 120, 125–126actor; comic actor; SilenosThebes, Boeotia125, 207, 231, 239, 240, 241, 243, 246theriomorphic figures165–177Theseus210Villa of TheseusThesmophorion210, 251Thespiae246, 247Thinissut329, 330, 332, 337Thisbè231Thrace360three-dimensional (3D) models11–12throne/enthroned figure53, 63, 82, 83, 92–93, 99, 168, 192, 199, 248, 267, 337, 362, 276Thysdrus (El Jem)332, 336, 337Thysdrus sanctuary329–333, 337, 340Tanittiara82, 150, 308, 310, 379diadem, hair dress; headdress; veil/veiled figurinesTimmari294, 300, 301tin foil191–195, 199colour (decoration); ochre; pigment; polychromyTiteux Dancer:mantle dancerTitus (Roman emperor)155togatus/togati315–324toilet267–268, 347bath(s); bathing; Nuptial bath/nymphikon loutronToilet of Venus:Aphrodite at her toilettomb(s)35, 45–47, 49, 52–53, 112–128, 143–144, 148–154, 159–160, 165, 171, 191, 217–220, 224, 228, 247–249, 260–261, 267–268, 269, 280, 289–290, 297, 312, 320–324, 329, 334–340, 402, 405–411burial(s); context, funerary; funerary; grave(s); necropolis/necropoleis; offeringstoy bird52toy(s)36, 52, 212, 215, 218–221, 344, 346, 347, 348, 353, 354, 392, 408, 409Trachypedoula30trade/commerce3, 69, 150, 189, 208, 280, 315, 316, 322, 323, 371, 373, 380, 383, 402, 407transmission2, 121, 176, 177, 368trigonon (harp)47, 123, 377Trikomo46Tripolis210, 210 n.3Troy123, 215, 226, 228, 229, 365, 376Ilion280, 284tumulus127tunic74, 105, 106, 108, 109, 153, 154, 156, 266, 315–324, 364Tyche16, 18, 20, 30, 31, 32, 33, 109, 110, 329, 330, 331, 376of Alexandria18, 20, 33typology24, 44, 73, 83, 89, 94–96, 98, 297, 298Tyros359, 360, 367, 368Umm el-‘Amed360, 368Umm-Jimal405underworld124, 126, 321unguentaria73, 114, 127, 150, 410valley of Ansanto312variant(s)13, 16, 121, 291, 293, 294, 295, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 362, 364, 390vase painting122, 209, 233, 237, 251, 267, 364veil/veiled figurines47, 54–55, 63–68, 92, 102, 104, 122, 124, 126, 146–148, 149, 152, 153, 155, 168–170, 171, 177, 223–234, 253, 256–257, 265, 295–296, 298, 308, 310–311, 339, 364–366diadem; hair dress; headdress; tiaravent hole31, 32, 123, 156, 159, 362Venus322, 331–340, 409Felix16Pudica16, 17, 25with an Amor334, 338Aphrodite at her toilet (Toilet of Venus)via Nova 407Villa of Theseus9, 15, 19, 38, 66visiting gods110, 251–257Voni44, 45, 46, 48, 56votaries154–155, 156–157, 376, 377, 378, 380votive deposit68, 98, 153, 155, 156, 158, 215, 272, 274, 293, 294, 295, 298, 300, 305–314, 392context, sacred; ritual deposit; sanctuary/sanctuaries; shrine(s)votive offering(s):offeringsterracottas (figure, figurine)44–57, 60 n.1, 62, 88, 89, 92, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 149, 150, 155, 212, 218, 219, 220, 247–248, 290, 298, 300, 329–333, 390, 392Wadi Fynan405, 406, 408wall painting35, 278, 368, 383warehouse-keepers360wasters30, 97, 99wedding218, 233–234, 252, 257, 261, 265, 266, 268wheel-made153, 154, 155, 181wolf165, 171lycanthropyWomen Kneeling in a Shell259–269workers73, 315, 322–324, 344, 360workshop(s)24, 25, 28, 30, 31, 38, 60, 68, 69, 81, 91, 94, 97–99, 110, 127, 189, 191–200, 203–209, 220, 246, 272, 27, 278, 280, 282, 283, 284, 289–302, 310, 342, 360, 361, 387, 390, 397ceramic180–186, 189, 196, 199, 329Coroplathe des Eros et des Victoires, workshop of the275–276, 280Diphilos275, 277Egyptian/Alexandrian360lead197, 200Pergamene281plaster407rural291shrine71, 72–79coroplastic production; kiln; manufacture; moulds; pottery kiln; productionworshipper(s)45, 81, 101, 121, 165, 168, 169, 175, 210, 315, 362, 368, 369, 376, 378, 379wreath(s)47, 49, 53, 83, 114, 123, 125, 136, 146, 187, 210, 231, 364, 386, 387writing devices52–53, 56Yialia73, 82, 83, 84, 97Photies73, 74, 82–85Ypsonas-Vounaros143Zeus1–72, 94, 98, 175, 189, 199, 298, 299, 336Agoraios298Thaulios and Ennodia, sanctuary at Pherai189, 199zoomorphic figurines12, 19–20, 22, 397, 402, 403, 404, 405–406, 407, 408, 409animals; zoomorphic masker statuetteszoomorphic masker statuettes165–177
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