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In: A Companion to Seals in the Middle Ages
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Adams, Noël, John Cherry, and James Robinson, eds. Good Impressions: Image and Authority in Medieval Seals. London: British Museum Press, 2008.

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Adhémar, Jean. Influences antiques dans l’art du Moyen Âge français: Recherches sur les sources et les thèmes d’inspiration. London: Warburg Institute, 1939.

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Ailes, Adrian. “Armorial Portrait Seals of Medieval Noblewomen: Examples in the Public Record Office.” In Tribute to an Armorist: Essays for John Brooke-Little, edited by John Campbell-Kease, 21834. London: Heraldry Society, 2000.

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Ailes, Adrian. The Origins of Royal Arms in England: Their Development to 1199. Reading, UK: Graduate Centre for Medieval Studies, Reading University, 1982.

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Ailes, Adrian. “Powerful Impressions: Symbols of Office and Authority on Secular Seals.” In Signs and Symbols: Proceedings of the 2006 Harlaxton Symposium, edited by Janet Backhouse, John Cherry, and Ann Payne, 1828. Donnington, UK: Shaun Tyas, 2009.

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Aillagon, Jean-Jacques, ed. Roma e i barbari: La nascita di un nuovo mondo. Milan: Skira, 2008.

Alazard-Fontbonne, Joëlle. “Le réemploi de l’antique païen dans les objets liturgiques offerts par Charles le Chauve.” In Au Moyen Âge, entre tradition antique et innovation: actes du 131e Congrès national des Sociétés historiques et scientifiques, Grenoble, 2006, edited by Michel Balard and Michel Sot, 7593. Paris: Éd. du cths, 2009.

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Anđelić, Pavao. “Krunidbena i grobna crkva bosanskih vladara u Milima (Arnautovićima) kod Visokog.” Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja, Arheologija, n.s., 34 (1980): 183247.

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Anđelić, Pavao. “Neka pitanja bosanske heraldike.” Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja, Arheologija, n.s., 19 (1964): 157172.

Anđelić, Pavao. “Povelja bosanskog kralja Stjepana Dabiše u Britanskom muzeju.” Radovi Akademije nauka i umjetnosti Bosne i Hercegovine 25 (1970): 285288.

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Anđelić, Pavao. Srednjovjekovni pečati iz Bosne i Hercegovine. Sarajevo: Akademija nauka i umjetnosti Bosne i Hercegovine, 1970.

Angeletti, Charlotte and Helga Schmidt-Glassner. Geformtes Wachs: Kerzen, Votive, Wachsfiguren. Munich: Callwey, 1980.

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Arslan, Ermanno A.. “Ancora sugli anelli-sigillo: tra Longobardi e Merovingi.” In Anulus sui effigii, edited by Silvia Lusuardi Siena, 1323. Milan: Vita e Pensiero, 2006.

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Arslan, Ermanno A.. “L’anello, il cavaliere e il duca. La tomba 33 di Campochiaro Vicenne (CB).” Numismatica e antichità classiche: Quaderni ticinesi 29 (2000): 333355.

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Arslan, Ermanno A.. “Monete auree ed anello con castone da Vicenne.” In Samnium: Archeologia del Molise, edited by Stefania Capini and Angela Di Niro, 344345. Rome: Qasar, 1991.

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Arslan, Ermanno A.. “San Michele: Un Arcangelo per i Longobardi.” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche: Quaderni Ticinesi 30 (2001): 273293.

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Arslan, Ermanno A.. “Simbolo del Potere, Potere del Simbolo. Appunti per l’analisi di una strategia della comunicazione da Augusto Imperatori agli Ottoni.” Numismatica e Antichità Classiche: Quaderni Ticinesi 32 (2003): 337363.

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Artioli, Gilberto. Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage: An Introduction to the Application of Materials Science to Archaeometry and Conservation Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

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Babelon, Ernest. Histoire de la gravure sur gemmes en France, depuis les origines jusqu’à l’époque contemporaine. Paris: Société de propagation des livres d’art, 1902.

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Banik, Joanna. “Ikonografia pieczęci śląskich Pogorzelów.” In Imago narrat: Obraz jako komunikat w społeczeństwach europejskich, edited by Stanisław Rosik and Przemysław Wiszewski, 371379. Wrocław: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego, 2002.

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Bartlett, Robert. “Symbolic Meanings of Hair in the Middle Ages.” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 4 (1994): 4360.

Battenberg, Friedrich. “Sonne, Mond und Sternzeichen: Das jüdische Siegel in Mittelalter und Früher Neuzeit.” In Das Siegel. Gebrauch und Bedeutung, edited by Gabriela Signori, 9395. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2007.

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Bautier, Robert-Henri. “Apparition, diffusion et évolution typologique du sceau épiscopal au Moyen Age.” In Die Diplomatik der Bischofsurkunde vor 1250 : Referate zum VIII. Internationalen Kongress für Diplomatik, Innsbrück, 27. September–3. Oktober 1993, edited by Christoph Haidacher and Werner Köfler, 225241. Innsbruck: Tiroler Landesarchiv, 1995.

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Bautier, Robert-Henri. “Le cheminement du sceau et de la bulle des origines mésopotamiennes au XIIIe siècle occidental.” Revue Française d’Héraldique et de Sigillographie 54–59 (19841989): 4184.

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Bautier, Robert-Henri. “Notes sur les usages non diplomatiques du sceau.” Revue Française d’Héraldique et de Sigillographie 60–61 (19901991): 127139.

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Bedos-Rezak, Brigitte. “Emploi du contre-sceau au Moyen Age.” Bibliothèque de l’Ecole des Chartes 138 (1980): 161178.

Bedos-Rezak, Brigitte. “In Search of a Semiotic Paradigm: The Matter of Sealing in Medieval Thought and Praxis (1050–1400).” In Good Impressions: Image and Authority in Medieval Seals, edited by Nöel Adams, John Cherry, and James Robinson, 17. London: British Museum Press, 2008.

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Bedos-Rezak, Brigitte. “The King Enthroned, a New Theme in Anglo-Saxon Royal Iconography: The Seal of Edward the Confessor and its Political Implications.” In Kings and Kingship, edited by Joel Rosenthal, 5388. Binghamton, NY: Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, 1986.

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Bedos-Rezak, Brigitte. “Medieval Women in French Sigillographic Sources.” In Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History, edited by Joel Thomas Rosenthal, 136. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1990.

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Bedos-Rezak, Brigitte. “Medieval Seals and the Structure of Chivalric Society.” In The Study of Chivalry: Resources and Approaches, edited by Howell Chickering and Thomas H. Seiler, 313372. Kalamazoo: Medieval Institute, 1988.

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Bedos-Rezak, Brigitte. “Replica: Images of Identity and the Identity of Images.” In The Mind’s Eye: Art and Theological Argument in the Middle Ages, edited by Jeffrey F. Hamburger and Anne-Marie Bouché, 4664. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006.

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Bedos-Rezak, Brigitte. When Image was Imago: Signs of Identity in the Middle Ages. Leiden: Brill, 2011.

Bedos-Rezak, Brigitte. “Women, Seals and Power in Medieval France, 1150–1350.” In Women and Power in Medieval and Early Modern Europe, edited by Mary Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski, 6182. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1988.

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Bedos-Rezak, Brigitte and Martine Garrigues. Corpus des sceaux français du Moyen Âge. Tome I, Les sceaux des villes. Paris: Archives nationales, 1980.

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Birch, Walter de Gray, ed. Catalogue of Seals in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum. 6 vols. London: Trustees of the British Museum, 1887–1900.

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Blair, C. H. Hunter. “Armorials Upon English Seals from the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Centuries.” Archaeologia 89 (1943): 126

Blair, C. H. Hunter. “A Note Upon Mediaeval Seals with Special Reference to Those in Durham Treasury.” Archaeologia Aeliana, 3rd series, 17 (1920): 244313.

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Blaise-Groult, Marie. “Les sceaux de villes et de bourgeois.” In Empreintes du passé: 6000 ans de sceaux, edited by Vincent Maroteaux, Caroline Dorion-Peyronnet, and Michaël Bloche, 117123. Rouen: Éditions Point de vues, 2015.

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Bloom, John Harvey. English Seals. London: Methuen, 1906.

Bojničić, Ivan. “Sfragistička istraživanja.” Viestnik Hrvatskoga arheološkoga društva 1 (1895): 2326.

Bojničić, Ivan. “Tvartko boszniai bán pecsétje.” Archaeologiai Értesítő 12/10 (1878): 382384.

Brand, Paul. “Seals and the Law in the Thirteenth Century.” In Seals and Their Context in the Middle Ages, edited by Phillipp R. Schofield, 111119. Oxford: Oxbow, 2015.

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Breckenridge, James. “Three Portrait Gems.” Gesta 18 (1979): 1162.

Brett, Martin with Philippa Hoskin and David Smith, eds. Facsimiles of English Episcopal Acta, 1085–1305. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

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Brozzi, Mario. “Monete Bizantine su collane Longobarde.” Rivista Italiana di Numismatica e Scienze Affini 19, 5th series, no. 73 (1971): 127131.

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Brozzi, Mario. “La tomba di Gisulfo: ma vi era proprio sepolto il primo duca longobardo del Friuli?” Numismatica e antichità classiche: Quaderni ticenesi 9 (1980): 325338.

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Bruhn, Jutta-Annette. Coins and Costume in Late Antiquity. Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine Collection Publications 9. Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks, 1993.

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Bursche, Aleksander. “Roman Gold Medallions in Barbaricum: Symbols of Power and Prestige of Germanic Elite in Late Antiquity.” In Proceedings of the 12th International Numismatic Congress in Berlin 1997, edited by Bernd Kluge and Bernhard Weisser, 2845. Berlin: International Association of Professional Numismatists, 2000.

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Carr, A.D. “‘This is My Act and Deed’: The Writing of Private Deeds in Late Medieval North Wales.” In Literacy in Medieval Celtic Societies, edited by Huw Pryce, 223237. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

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Chaplais, Pierre. English Royal Documents: King John–Henry VI, 1199–1461 . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Chassel, Jean-Luc. “Dessins et mentions de sceaux dans les cartulaires médiévaux.” In Les Cartulaires, edited by Olivier Guyotjeannin, Laurent Morelle, and Michael Parisse, 153170. Mémoires et Documents de l’École des Chartes 39. Paris: École des Chartes, 1993.

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Cheney, C. R. English Bishops’ Chanceries, 1100–1250. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1950.

Cherry, John. “Antiquity Misunderstood.” In Classicism to Neo-Classicism: Essays Dedicated to Gertrud Seidmann, edited by Martin Henig and Dimitris Plantzos, 143147. BAR International Series 793. Oxford: Archaeopress, 1999.

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Cherry, John. “The Lead Seal Matrix of Peter, Bishop of Chester.” Antiquaries Journal 65 (1985): 472473.

Cherry, John. “Medieval and Post-Medieval Seals.” In 7000 Years of Seals, edited by Dominique Collon, 124142. London: British Museum Press, 1997.

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Cherry, John, Jessica Berenbeim, and Lloyd de Beer, eds. Seals and Status: Power of Objects. Research Publication 213. London: British Museum Publications, 2018.

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Cheynet, Jean-Claude. “Une famille méconnue: les Kratéroi.” Revue des études byzantines 59 (2001): 225238.

Cheynet, Jean-Claude. La société Byzantine: L’apport des sceaux. 2 vols. Paris: Assoc. des Amis du Centre d’Histoire et Civilisation de Byzance, 2008.

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Cheynet, Jean-Claude and Cécile Morrisson . “Lieux de trouvaille et circulation des sceaux.” Studies in Byzantine Sigillography 2 ( 1990 ): 105 136 .

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Cheynet, Jean-Claude and Cécile Morrisson. “Texte et image sur les sceaux byzantins: les raisons d’un choix iconographique. Studies in Byzantine Sigillography 4 ( 1995 ): 9 32 .

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Christie, Neil. “Byzantines, Goths and Lombards in Italy: Jewellery, Dress and Cultural Interactions.” In Intelligible Beauty: Recent Research on Byzantine Jewellery, edited by Christ Entwistle and Noël Adams, 113122. British Museum Research Publications 178. London: British Museum, 2010.

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Cotsonis, John. “Saints and Cult Centers: A Geographic and Administrative Perspective in Light of Byzantine Lead Seals.” Studies in Byzantine Sigillography 8 (2003): 926.

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De Marchi, Marina. “Circolazione e varietà di influenze culturali nelle necropolis longobarde di VI e VII secolo: L’Esempio di Cividale del Friuli.” In Archeologia e Storia delle Migrazioni: Europa, Italia, Mediterraneo fra Tarda Età Roman e Alto Medioevo, edited by Carlo Ebanista and Marcello Rotili, 275298. Naples: Tavolario, 2011.

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Ellis, Roger H., ed. Catalogue of Seals in the Public Record Office: Monastic Seals. London: Her Majesty’s Stationary Office, 1986.

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Érszegi, Géza, ed. Sigilla Regum—Reges Sigillorum: Regal Portraits on Seals from the Hungarian National Archives. Budapest: Hungarian National Archives, 2002.

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Gil, Marc. “Jean Pucelle and the Parisian Seals-Engravers and Goldsmiths.” In Jean Pucelle: Innovation and Collaboration in Manuscript Painting, edited by Kyunghee Pyun and Anna Russakoff, 2752. London: Harvey Miller, 2013.

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Gil, Marc and Jean-Luc Chassel, eds. Pourquoi les sceaux? La sigillographie, nouvel enjeu de l’histoire de l’art. Actes du colloque organisé à Lille, Palais des Beaux-Arts les 23–25 octobre 2008. Villeneuve-d’Ascq: Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille iii, 2012.

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Heslop, T. A. “Twelfth-Century Forgeries as Evidence for Earlier Seals: The Case of St. Dunstan.” In St. Dunstan: His Life, Times and Cult, edited by Nigel Ramsay, Margaret Sparks, and Tim Tatton-Brown, 299310. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1992.

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