Free access
Indexaccent10, 135, 155, 156, 159, 161, 175, 178, 246, 248, 250, 251, 378, 379, 382, 383, 387, 393, 397, 398, 400accommodation54, 168, 169, 170, 175–178, 182, 183, 185–188, 190, 192, 194, 291additive particles20, 168, 169, 172–174, 177–180, 182, 185–194addressee-oriented22, 275, 296, 297, 300, 305alternatives (focus)19, 88, 97, 99, 100, 144, 172, 192, 252, 278, 283, 284, 290, 382ambiguity120, 122, 127, 134, 137, 151, 153, 155, 156, 159–162, 192, 225, 242assertion4, 15, 92, 94–96, 99, 200, 203, 206, 219, 247, 256, 261, 263, 268, 282, 287assertion, negative297, 299–301assertion, secondary19, 89, 91, 101, 102, 137, 336, 338, 388auditory comprehension experiment151, 155, 157boundary (intonation phrase)378–384, 390, 391Can’t-find-the-value-of-x question144coherence177, 192–194, 212, 213common ground (CG)15, 16, 18, 66, 95, 137, 170, 193, 226, 243, 247, 248, 259, 267, 287, 307, 326, 336, 387, 389, 399concessive clause19, 87, 88, 92–95, 100, 103–106conditional22, 40–43, 48, 88, 90–92, 102, 108, 311–315, 317, 319, 322–335, 337contrastive topic178, 191, 398conventional implicature (CI)19, 21, 77, 79, 89, 91, 101, 102, 109, 124, 224, 243, 260, 267, 314, 316conversational implicature26, 38, 49, 50, 52, 89, 206, 243, 267, 286conversational maxim17, 22, 49, 50, 52, 243, 380–383, 386, 388, 392, 394, 396, 401corpus study155, 159, 205, 313deixis19, 58, 61, 66, 69, 70, 73, 74, 79, 80, 81, 83deliberative questions147, 148denial15, 40, 47, 66, 207, 208, 211–213, 219, 387descriptive ineffability73, 75, 76, 79, 80diachrony55, 143, 151, 161, 162dialect30, 83, 86, 156, 157, 225, 226, 248, 277, 299, 300, 301disambiguation135, 139, 161Discourse particles21, 22, 123, 151, 247, 248, 249, 270, 274–307, 401discourse strategy396, 399dog-whistles21, 223–228, 229–232, 235–244domain extension20, 146, 149, 151, 160domain restriction20, 129, 151, 159, 160epistemic22, 41, 42, 43, 48, 72, 248, 305, 311, 312, 313, 314, 319, 320, 321, 324, 326, 328, 330, 333, 335, 336, 337ethical dative65evaluation22, 71, 107, 121, 122, 124, 135, 145, 209, 210, 211, 214, 217, 218, 219, 280, 313, 329, 330, 333, 334, 335, 337, 403evaluative20, 85, 101, 107–125, 127, 128, 131, 132, 134–138, 140, 146, 166, 205, 209, 305, 308, 311, 313, 316–319, 321, 322, 327, 328, 330–333, 335, 337evidential22, 311, 312, 314, 319–322, 328, 330, 333, 335, 337, 339exhaustivity22, 378, 391–398expressive meaning11, 19, 22, 24, 81, 83, 136, 275, 304–307, 309factivity9, 108–110, 147, 170, 194, 306, 316–318, 331family of sentences test70, 315felicity conditions250, 252, 254, 256, 257, 271final rise379–381focus particles (FP)20, 97, 105, 143–146, 150, 151, 155, 159, 160, 161, 283, 284, 294focus-sensitivity11, 12, 172, 178, 197forced-choice task145, 155frequency152, 159, 161, 205, 212, 216givenness174, 175, 285, 396, 398, 399honorifics65, 80, 81, 83–85, 101, 224immediacy73–76, 79, 80imperatives74, 162, 252, 253, 261–264imposters60, 80–84incredulity379, 380, 383, 386, 387, 396, 400, 401, 404independence2, 10, 65, 67, 73, 75, 79, 80, 88, 314, 315, 335interjection376, 383interrogatives63, 108, 110, 144, 149, 381intonation2, 22, 23, 88–92, 103, 135, 155–157, 159, 161, 197, 306, 307, 376–380, 382–384, 392, 393, 396, 401intonational compliance marking380, 400intonational meaning379, 396irony4, 21, 200, 201, 209, 217, 219, 220judgment task183–185, 190lexicon83, 145, 160, 203modal particles (MP s)8, 9, 20, 143–152, 155, 159, 160, 161, 165, 188, 271, 274–309, 316modality84, 205, 315, 318, 330, 337–340modality, objective318, 319, 337modality, subjective (subjectivity)318, 321, 322, 335, 339negative attitude149, 150, 160, 200non-displaceability73, 75, 80, 136non-restrictive relative clause5–7, 16, 19, 206, 260, 266, 376paralinguistic (intonation)135, 137, 139, 380personae227, 237, 240, 242–244personal pronoun58, 60–65, 67, 81, 83, 85perspective-dependence73, 75, 136phatic communication147pitch accent155, 156, 159, 161, 378, 382polarity246, 249, 250–252polarity item110, 112, 114, 122–125, 128, 129, 134, 135, 138, 140, 149, 165, 319, 320, 322polysemes143, 145, 151, 159, 160, 161positive polarity107, 114, 122, 311, 312, 318, 319, 320, 322presupposition9, 10, 12, 19, 20, 31, 32, 34, 49, 69, 77–79, 84, 86, 89, 91, 92, 96, 101, 102, 109, 131, 146, 149, 150, 160, 168–187, 190–194, 201, 206–208, 210, 211, 243, 247, 260, 270, 290, 291, 303, 306, 307, 312–314, 316–318, 329, 331–333, 337presupposition, anaphoricity of169, 175, 189presupposition, and salience171, 173–176, 180presupposition, identifiability of169, 192presupposition, informative20, 168, 170, 191projection20, 151–153, 155, 159, 160, 162pronouns19, 53, 58, 59, 60–67, 69, 73–76, 79–85, 170, 171, 179, 190, 191, 197, 244, 277pronouns–possessive pronouns49, 58, 61, 80, 179, 180, 182–190prosody20, 89, 96, 112, 117, 119, 120, 127, 134–139psycholinguistics145, 160quality134, 312, 380, 383, 387quantification34, 104, 129, 131, 149, 187, 188, 265, 282, 286, 330question under discussion (QUD)11, 14–17, 22, 23, 39, 40, 47, 95, 98, 135–137, 139, 173–175, 206, 209, 266, 267, 273, 306, 314, 376-379, 381–401Question Under Discussion, secondary22, 57, 136, 137, 142, 376, 380, 382–384, 386–395, 400, 401question-answer task182, 185quotation136, 201–205, 220, 221, 277, 305reading comprehension experiment152, 153reading times153–155, 160relevance17, 49, 50, 52, 198, 205, 297, 314, 379, 380, 383, 386, 388, 390, 399, 400, 401rhetorical reading147, 148, 151, 160rise-fall-rise22, 376–380, 382–401scopeless315, 323, 324, 326, 328, 336, 337self-paced145, 151–153sentence adverbial22, 55, 311–337shifting313, 316, 329, 333–335social meaning58, 65, 78, 80, 83, 227, 229, 230, 233, 236, 240–243speaker orientation22, 313, 315, 316, 318, 322, 324, 328, 335, 336trailing tone379, 382, 384, 391, 392, 395, 400use-conditional meaning6, 8–10, 19, 23, 59, 65, 66, 68, 70–73, 75–77, 79, 83–85, 136, 140, 143, 152, 274, 275, 280–282, 284, 286–288, 290–295, 300, 301, 303, 304, 306wh-on-earth144, 145, 148, 149, 160wh-question11, 20, 143, 146, 148, 149, 151, 155, 159–162wh-the-hell148–151, 160