Cover illustration: “Die Nacht der Begegnung” by Shahid Alam (adjusted by editors), exhibited in Einander sehen, St. Thomas, Berlin, March 2017. Courtesy of the artist, www.shahid-alam.de.Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataNames: Malik, Jamal, editor. | Zarrabi-Zadeh, Saeed, editor.Title: Sufism East and West : mystical Islam and cross-cultural exchange in the modern world / edited by Jamal Malik, Saeed Zarrabi-Zadeh.Description: Leiden ; Boston : Brill,  | Series: Studies on Sufism, ISSN 2468-0087 ; Volume 2 | Includes bibliographical references and index. Identifiers: LCCN 2018061268 (print) | LCCN 2019004608 (ebook) | ISBN 9789004393929 (ebook) | ISBN 9789004393912 (hardback : alk. paper)Subjects: LCSH: Sufism. | East and West.Classification: LCC BP189.2 (ebook) | LCC BP189.2 .S84 2019 (print) | DDC 297.409--dc23LC record available at https://lccn.loc.gov/2018061268Typeface for the Latin, Greek, and Cyrillic scripts: “Brill”. See and download: brill.com/brill-typeface.issn 2468-0087isbn 978-90-04-39391-2 (hardback)isbn 978-90-04-39392-9 (e-book)Copyright 2019 by Koninklijke Brill nv, Leiden, The Netherlands.Koninklijke Brill NV incorporates the imprints Brill, Brill Hes & De Graaf, Brill Nijhoff, Brill Rodopi, Brill Sense, Hotei Publishing, mentis Verlag, Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh and Wilhelm Fink Verlag.All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, translated, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission from the publisher.Authorization to photocopy items for internal or personal use is granted by Koninklijke Brill nv provided that the appropriate fees are paid directly to The Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Suite 910, Danvers, ma 01923, usa. Fees are subject to change.This book is printed on acid-free paper and produced in a sustainable manner.